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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3276-3300 out of 3456.

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Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
ACS Chemical Biology
Researchers demonstrate a new strategy to stop the TB bacterium
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium that causes tuberculosis may have an Achilles' heel: it needs a particular enzyme to survive. Inhibiting that enzyme's function, researchers have shown, will kill the bacteria, pointing toward a design strategy for new TB drugs.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
NIH prepares by funding new bird flu vaccine studies
Group Health Research Institute scientists are preparing for the potential pandemic spread of a new bird flu strain that caused severe disease in China earlier this year, joining seven other Vaccine and Treatment Evaluation Units funded by the National Institutes of Health to test vaccines to protect against the illness in adults. "Influenza viruses are constantly changing," said Lisa Jackson, M.D., M.P.H., a senior investigator at Group Health Research Institute.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rebecca Hughes
Group Health Research Institute

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Study helps bring genome's 'dark matter' into light
Using technology he helped develop, Vanderbilt University scientist Bryan Venters, Ph.D., has shed new light on the "dark matter" of the genome and has begun to explore a possible new approach to treating cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Personal genome, public health
The National Human Genome Research Institute has selected the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics to establish a "Center of Excellence" to study the ethical, legal and social implications of genomic research. The center will be known as GUIDE: Genomic Uses in Infectious Disease & Epidemics.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Leah Ramsay
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Fred Hutch receives $11.3 million NCI grant renewal to lead Pacific Northwest prostate cancer consortium
The National Cancer Institute, a branch of the National Institutes of Health, has awarded an $11.3 million, five-year competitive grant renewal to Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center for its continued leadership of a multi-center prostate cancer research consortium, which was first funded in 2002.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Kristen Woodward
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
X-ray science taps bug biology to design better materials and reduce pollution
Bug spray, citronella candles, mosquito netting -- most people will do anything they can to stay away from insects during the warmer months. But those creepy crawlers we try so hard to avoid may offer substantial solutions to some of life's problems.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense

Contact: Tona Kunz
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Trial to test prevention of Alzheimer's has begun
The long and hard-fought campaign against Alzheimer's disease has reached a potentially significant milestone: the launch of the first clinical trials to test whether giving new drug treatments before dementia can prevent Alzheimer's.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael C. Purdy
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Studies: Motor control development continues longer than previously believed
Research into fine motor control in children shows that developmental improvements continue much later than previously believed, and aren't isolated to the brain.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Interference with cellular recycling leads to cancer growth, chemotherapy resistance
Overactivity of a protein that normally cues cells to divide sabotages the body's natural cellular recycling process, leading to heightened cancer growth and chemotherapy resistance, UT Southwestern researchers have found.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Debbie Bolles
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Clinical Chemistry
Lifestyle, age linked to diabetes-related protein
A large, newly published study that includes more than 13,500 postmenopausal women has yielded the most definitive associations yet between certain lifestyle and demographic factors and levels of a promising early biomarker of type 2 diabetes risk.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Burroughs Wellcome Fund

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Science of the Total Environment
Higher lead levels may lie just below soil surface
A study of data from hundreds of soil samples taken around six old water tower sites in southern Rhode Island finds that even when lead levels on the surface are low, concentrations can sometimes be greater at depths down to a foot. The findings inform efforts in Rhode Island to assess the effect of lead paint from old water towers on surrounding properties.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
NIH awards grant to Banner Alzheimer's Institute for major prevention study
In collaboration with the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Banner Alzheimer's Institute announces a major prevention trial to evaluate a treatment in cognitively healthy older adults at the highest known genetic risk for developing Alzheimer's disease at older ages. An NIH grant, expected to total $33.2 million, will support this research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kate Enos

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
UNLV, Sen. Reid Announce $20 Million NIH grant to support clinical health research
The University of Nevada, Las Vegas was awarded a five-year, $20.3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to lead a health research network of 13 universities across the Mountain West. The Clinical Translational Research Infrastructure Network will expand the capacity of partner institutions across seven states to put clinical research into practice to address regional health concerns including access to care, cancer, obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular and infectious diseases.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Tony Allen
University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Journal of Virology
New HIV-1 replication pathway discovered by NYU College of Dentistry researchers
Now, a team of researchers led by Dr. David N. Levy, Associate Professor of Basic Science and Craniofacial Biology at the New York University College of Dentistry, have discovered a new way that HIV-1 reproduces itself which could advance the search for new ways to combat infection.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Journal of Infectious Diseases
Novel treatment for gonorrhea acts like a 'live vaccine,' prevents reinfection, animal study shows
A new gonorrhea treatment, based on an anti-cancer therapy developed by a Buffalo startup company, has successfully eliminated gonococcal infection from female mice and prevented reinfection, according to research published today by University at Buffalo scientists in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.
National Institutes of Health, John R. Oishei Foundation of Buffalo

Contact: Ellen Goldbaum
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Advanced Materials
Signal gradients in 3-D guide stem cell behavior
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed an easy and versatile way of forming physical and biochemical gradients in three dimensions -- a step toward identifying the recipes that induce stem cells to generate specific tissues, including multiple tissues, such as a bone-cartilage interface. Ultimately, one of their goals is to engineer systems to manipulate stem cells to repair or replace damaged tissues and organs.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Cancer Cell
Research team uncovers root cause of multiple myeloma relapse
Working in collaboration with colleagues at Princess Margaret Hospital in Toronto, researchers from Mayo Clinic in Arizona and the Translational Genomics Research Institute in Phoenix were part of the team that conducted the study published in the Sept. 9 issue of Cancer Cell.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, MMRFoundation, Leukemla and Lymphoma Society and Canadian Cancer Society

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Scientists discover the origins of genomic 'dark matter'
A major milestone has been achieved in understanding genomic "dark matter" -- called non-coding RNA. This "dark matter" is difficult to detect and no one knows exactly what it is doing or why it is there in our genome, but scientists suspect it may be the source of inherited diseases. This research achievement may help to pinpoint exactly where complex-disease traits reside in the human genome.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
Penn State

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
NIH awards University of Chicago $1.5 million to study novel therapy for multiple sclerosis
Researchers from the University of Chicago have been awarded a five-year, $1.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop stimulated dendritic cell-derived exosomes that show remarkable promise as a treatment for multiple sclerosis and other neurological diseases involving loss of myelin, the insulation around nerve fibers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Colonoscopy screening every ten years could prevent 40% of colorectal cancers
According to a large, long-term study from Harvard School of Public Health, 40% of all colorectal cancers might be prevented if people underwent regular colonoscopy screening. The new research also supports existing guidelines that recommend that people with an average risk of colorectal cancer should have a colonoscopy every 10 years.
National Institutes of Health; Bennett Family Foundation; Entertainment Industry Foundation, National Colorectal Cancer Research Alliance

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Study reinforces value of colonoscopy screening for colorectal cancer prevention
A team of researchers, including those from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, will be reporting study findings that lend scientific backing to the recommendation that people receive a colonoscopy screening to prevent colorectal cancer. The study also provides insight on the long-debated question over how frequently most people should have colonoscopies.
National Institutes of Health, Bennett Family Fund, Entertainment Industry Foundation

Contact: Anne Doerr
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Hospital readmission rates linked with quality of surgical care
Researchers from Harvard School of Public Health found strong evidence of a relationship between surgical readmission rates and quality of surgical care.
NIH/National Cancer Institute-funded Program in Cancer Outcomes Research Train

Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Study shows colonoscopy better than sigmoidoscopy in protecting against colorectal cancer
A new study finds that colonoscopy appears to reduce the risk of developing or dying from colorectal cancer more powerfully than does sigmoidoscopy, a similar procedure that examines only a portion of the colon. The investigation also identifies molecular features that may help explain tumors that are diagnosed despite an individual's having recently undergone colonoscopy.
National Institutes of Health, Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation, Bennett Family Foundation, Entertainment Industry Fund

Contact: Katie Marquedant
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Genomic test accurately sorts viral vs. bacterial infections
A blood test developed by researchers at Duke Medicine showed more than 90 percent accuracy in distinguishing between viral and bacterial infections when tested in people with respiratory illnesses.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Study finds that a subset of children often considered to have autism may be misdiagnosed
Children with a genetic disorder called 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, who frequently are believed to also have autism, often may be misidentified because the social impairments associated with their developmental delay may mimic the features of autism, a study by researchers with the UC Davis MIND Institute suggests.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, and others

Contact: Phyllis Brown
University of California - Davis Health System

Showing releases 3276-3300 out of 3456.

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