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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3276-3300 out of 3402.

<< < 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 > >>

Public Release: 4-May-2013
Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting
Vitamin C may head off lung problems in babies born to pregnant smokers
Pregnant women are advised not to smoke during pregnancy because it can harm the baby's lungs and lead to wheezing and asthma, among other problems. If a woman absolutely can't kick the habit, taking vitamin C during pregnancy may improve her newborn's lung function and prevent wheezing in the first year of life, according to a study to be presented Saturday, May 4, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in Washington, DC.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Medical Research Foundation of Oregon

Contact: Debbie Jacobson
American Academy of Pediatrics

Public Release: 2-May-2013
Tick-borne Lone Star virus identified through new super-fast gene sequencing
The tick-borne Lone Star virus has been conclusively identified as part of a family of other tick-borne viruses called bunyaviruses, which often cause fever, respiratory problems and bleeding, according to new research led by scientists at UC San Francisco.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kristen Bole
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 2-May-2013
Cell Stem Cell
U of M researchers discover link between heart, blood, and skeletal muscle
New research out of the Lillehei Heart Institute at the University of Minnesota shows that by turning on just a single gene, Mesp1, different cell types including the heart, blood and muscle can be created from stem cells.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Caroline Marin
University of Minnesota Academic Health Center

Public Release: 2-May-2013
Dieting youth show greater brain reward activity in response to food
Research results imply that dieting characterized by meal skipping and fasting would be less successful than weight loss efforts characterized by intake of low energy dense healthy foods.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kathryn Madden
Oregon Research Institute

Public Release: 2-May-2013
Cell Stem Cell
Turning human stem cells into brain cells sheds light on neural development
Medical researchers have manipulated human stem cells into producing types of brain cells known to play important roles in neurodevelopmental disorders such as epilepsy, schizophrenia and autism. The new model cell system allows neuroscientists to investigate normal brain development, as well as to identify specific disruptions in biological signals that may contribute to neuropsychiatric diseases.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: John Ascenzi
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Public Release: 2-May-2013
Persistent pain after stressful events may have a neurobiological basis
A new study led by University of North Carolina School of Medicine researchers is the first to identify a genetic risk factor for persistent pain after traumatic events such as motor vehicle collision and sexual assault. The study also contributes further evidence that persistent pain after stressful events has a specific biological basis.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, NIH/National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Tom Hughes
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 2-May-2013
Arthritis Care & Research
Regular, moderate exercise does not worsen pain in people with fibromyalgia
For many people who have fibromyalgia, even the thought of exercising is painful. Yet a new study from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center shows that exercise does not worsen the pain associated with the disorder and may even lessen it over time.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Contact: Marguerite Beck
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 2-May-2013
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Study uncovers mechanism for how grapes reduce heart failure associated with hypertension
A study appearing in the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry demonstrates that grapes are able to reduce heart failure associated with chronic high blood pressure (hypertension) by increasing the activity of several genes responsible for antioxidant defense in the heart tissue.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Justin Harris
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 2-May-2013
Scientists revolutionize the creation of genetically altered mice to model human disease
Using a bacteria-based technique, Whitehead Institute Founding Member Rudolf Jaenisch has efficiently created mouse models with multiple gene mutations in a matter of weeks. Because the method does not require embryonic stem cells, the approach also could allow any animal to become a model organism.
Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation, Croucher Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nicole Rura
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 2-May-2013
American Journal of Human Genetics
Duke researchers identify gene mutations associated with nearsightedness
Mutations in a gene that helps regulate copper and oxygen levels in eye tissue are associated with a severe form of nearsightedness, according to a study published in the American Journal of Human Genetics on May 2, 2013.
National Institutes of Health, Prevent Blindness Inc., and others

Contact: Rachel Harrison
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 2-May-2013
American Journal of Human Genetics
Gene variant appears to predict weight loss after gastric bypass
Massachusetts General Hospital researchers have identified a gene variant that helps predict how much weight an individual will lose after gastric bypass surgery, a finding with the potential both to guide treatment planning and to facilitate the development of new therapeutic approaches to treating obesity and related conditions like diabetes.
National Institutes of Health, Merck Research Laboratories, Ethicon Endo-Surgery

Contact: Sue McGreevey
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 2-May-2013
Environmental Health Perspectives
Troubling levels of toxic metals found in lipstick
UC Berkeley researchers found lead, cadmium, chromium, aluminum and five other metals in a sample of 32 different lipsticks and lip glosses commonly found in drugstores and department stores. Some of the metals were detected at levels that could raise potential health concerns.
National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health Education

Contact: Sarah Yang
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 2-May-2013
Making cancer less cancerous
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have identified a gene that, when repressed in tumor cells, puts a halt to cell growth and a range of processes needed for tumors to enlarge and spread to distant sites. The researchers hope that this so-called "master regulator" gene may be the key to developing a new treatment for tumors resistant to current drugs.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund, Safeway Breast Cancer Foundation

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 1-May-2013
The Prostate
Taking cholesterol-lowering drugs may also reduce the risk of dying from prostate cancer: Study
Men with prostate cancer who take cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins are significantly less likely to die from their cancer than men who don't take such medication, according to study led by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. The findings are published online today in The Prostate.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Dutch Cancer Society, Prostate Cancer Foundation, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Contact: Kristen Woodward
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 1-May-2013
American Journal of Medicine
Vitamin D: More may not be better
In recent years, healthy people have been bombarded by stories in the media and on health websites warning about the dangers of too-low vitamin D levels, and urging high doses of supplements to protect against everything from hypertension to hardening of the arteries to diabetes.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 1-May-2013
Large genomic study identifies endometrial cancer subtypes, treatment opportunities
An analysis of endometrial cancers reveals genetic information that should improve diagnosis and guide treatments for women with an aggressive form of the disease.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Caitlin Hool
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center

Public Release: 1-May-2013
Nano Letters
Printable 'bionic' ear melds electronics and biology
Scientists at Princeton University used off-the-shelf printing tools to create a functional ear that can "hear" radio frequencies far beyond the range of normal human capability. The researchers' primary purpose was to explore an efficient and versatile means to merge electronics with tissue. The scientists used 3-D printing of cells and nanoparticles followed by cell culture to combine a small coil antenna with cartilage, creating what they term a bionic ear.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Institutes of Health, Princeton Grand Challenges

Contact: John Sullivan
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 1-May-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
PTSD research: Distinct gene activity patterns from childhood abuse
A study of adult civilians with PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) has shown that individuals with a history of childhood abuse have distinct, profound changes in gene activity patterns, compared to adults with PTSD but without a history of child abuse.
Max-Planck Society, Behrens-Weise Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund

Contact: Kathi Baker
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 1-May-2013
Environmental Science & Technology
Health defects found in fish exposed to Deepwater Horizon oil spill
Three years after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, crude oil toxicity continues to sicken a sentinel Gulf Coast fish species, according to new findings from a research team that includes a University of California, Davis, scientist.
National Science Foundation, Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andrew Whitehead
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 1-May-2013
ACS Chemical Biology
New molecule heralds hope for muscular dystrophy treatment
There's hope for patients with myotonic dystrophy, the most common form of muscular dystrophy in adults. A new small molecule developed by researchers at the University of Illinois has been shown to break up the protein-RNA clusters that cause the disease in living human cells, an important first step toward developing a pharmaceutical treatment for the as-yet untreatable disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 1-May-2013
It slices, it dices, it silences: ADAR1 as gene-silencing modular RNA multitool
RNA, once considered a bit player in the grand scheme by which genes encode protein, is increasingly seen to have a major role in human genetics. In the April 25 issue of Cell, Wistar researchers report how the RNA-editing protein, ADAR1, also combines with the protein called Dicer to create microRNA and small interfering. These varieties of RNA, in turn, play a crucial role in gene regulation -- silencing or "switching off" the production of specific proteins.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Greg Lester
The Wistar Institute

Public Release: 1-May-2013
Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Temple scientists weaken HIV infection in immune cells using synthetic agents
HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is notorious for hiding within certain types of cells, where it reproduces at a slowed rate and eventually gives rise to chronic inflammation, despite drug therapy. But researchers at Temple University School of Medicine recently discovered that synthetic anti-inflammatory substances distantly related to the active ingredient of marijuana may be able to take the punch out of HIV while inside one of its major hideouts -- immune cells called macrophages.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeremy Walter
Temple University Health System

Public Release: 1-May-2013
Scripps Research Institute scientists find dissimilar proteins evolved similar 7-part shape
Solving the structure of a critical human molecule involved in cancer, scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found what they call a good example of structural conservation -- dissimilar genes that keep very similar shapes.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 1-May-2013
UCLA researchers awarded $11 million grant to develop stroke prevention interventions for minorites
UCLA researchers and their partners across Los Angeles County have been awarded an $11 million grant to fund research on community-based interventions to reduce the higher rates of stroke and death from stroke among disadvantaged populations.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Kim Irwin
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 1-May-2013
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Researchers look to mathematics, nature, to understand the immune system and its role in cancer
Can patterns in tree branches or the meandering bends in a river provide clues that could lead to better cancer therapies? According to a new study from Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center, these self-similar, repeating patterns in nature known as fractals help scientists better understand how the immune system is organized and may one day be used to help improve stem cell transplant outcomes in leukemia patients by predicting the probability of transplant complications.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: John Wallace
Virginia Commonwealth University

Showing releases 3276-3300 out of 3402.

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