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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3276-3300 out of 3765.

<< < 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 > >>

Public Release: 24-Aug-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Neuroscience and big data: How to find simplicity in the brain
Scientists can now monitor and record the activity of hundreds of neurons concurrently in the brain, and ongoing technology developments promise to increase this number. However, simply recording the neural activity does not automatically lead to a clearer understanding of how the brain works. Byron M. Yu and John P. Cunningham describe the scientific motivations for studying the activity of many neurons together, along with a class of machine learning algorithms for interpreting the activity.
Grossman Center for the Statistics of Mind, Simons Foundation, Gatsby Charitable Foundation, and the NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Shilo Rea
shilo@cmu.edu
412-268-6094
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 24-Aug-2014
Nature Neuroscience
'Haven't my neurons seen this before?'
The world grows increasingly more chaotic year after year, and our brains are constantly bombarded with images. A new study from Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, a joint project between Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh, reveals how neurons in the part of the brain responsible for recognizing objects respond to being shown a barrage of images. The study is published online by Nature Neuroscience.
NIH/National Eye Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Pennsylvania Department of Health/Commonwealth Universal Research Enhancement Program

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 24-Aug-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Driving brain rhythm makes mice more sensitive to touch
In a new study researchers show that they could make faint sensations more vivid by triggering a brain rhythm that appears to shift sensory attention. The study in mice, reported in Nature Neuroscience, provides the first direct evidence that the brain's 'gamma' rhythms have a causal role in processing the sense of touch.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 24-Aug-2014
Nature Medicine
Study suggests repurposing anti-depressant medication to target medulloblastoma
An international research team reports in Nature Medicine a novel molecular pathway that causes an aggressive form of medulloblastoma, and suggests repurposing an anti-depressant medication to target the new pathway may help combat one of the most common brain cancers in children. The scientists say their laboratory findings in mouse models of the disease could lead to a more targeted and effective molecular therapy that would also reduce the harmful side effects of current treatments.
National Institutes of Health, Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: Nick Miller
nicholas.miller@cchmc.org
513-803-6035
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 22-Aug-2014
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Study shows cognitive-behavioral coping skills training has positive effects on rheumatoid arthritis
A team of researchers from Wayne State University and collaborators from Duke University Medical Center recently published a paper in the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology that explores two psychological interventions separately and in combination to determine their effectiveness in offering relief to rheumatoid arthritis patients.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 22-Aug-2014
MARC travel awards announced for FASEB grant writing & practical exercises workshop
FASEB MARC Program has announced the travel award recipients for the FASEB Grant Writing Seminar & Practical Exercises Workshop which will be held on the FASEB campus located in Bethesda, Maryland from Aug. 25-26, 2014. These awards are meant to help support the participation of postdoctorates and research scientists from underrepresented groups in the the FASEB Grant Writing Seminar & Practical Exercises Workshop. This year MARC conferred 11 awards totaling $20,350.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Kelly Husser
khusser@faseb.org
301-634-7109
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Diabetes Care
Low birth weight linked to higher incidence of type 2 diabetes in African American women
African American women born at a low or very low birth weight may be at a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes. The findings, which appear in Diabetes Care, may explain in part the higher occurrence of type 2 diabetes in African American populations, which has a high prevalence of low birth weight.
NIH/National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Heart Association

Contact: Jenny Eriksen Leary
jenny.eriksen@bmc.org
617-638-6841
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Primary care physicians can be critical resource for abused women in rural areas
Many primary care physicians in rural communities do not routinely screen women for intimate partner violence, according to Penn State medical and public health researchers. Rural women who are exposed to such violence have limited resources if they seek help.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Victoria M. Indivero
vmi1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Researchers examine impact of race and ethnicity in motor complete spinal cord injury
Researchers have examined racial and ethnic influences in the outcomes of patients with motor complete spinal cord injury (SCI). The article, 'Racial and ethnic disparities in functioning at discharge and follow-up among patients with motor complete SCI,' was published online ahead of print on Aug. 2 by the Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. Findings included small but significant differences in self-care and mobility at discharge.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, Kessler Foundation

Contact: Carolann Murphy
cmurphy@kesslerfoundation.org
973-324-8382
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Carcinogenesis
Research offers insight into cellular biology of colorectal cancer
Kristi Neufeld has spent the better part of her career trying to understand the various activities of APC, a protein whose functional loss is thought to initiate roughly 80 percent of all colon polyps.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
blynch@ku.edu
785-864-8855
University of Kansas

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
USC Eye Institute study shows Native American ancestry a risk factor for eye disease
New research from the University of Southern California Eye Institute, part of Keck Medicine of University of Southern California, shows for the first time that Native American ancestry is a significant risk factor for vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy among Latinos with type 2 diabetes.
National Institutes of Health, Research to Prevent Blindness, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, University of Southern California, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestiveand Kidney Disease, Diabetes Research Center

Contact: Alison Trinidad
alison.trinidad@usc.edu
323-442-3941
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Cell Reports
Some anti-inflammatory drugs affect more than their targets
Researchers have discovered that three commonly used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs alter the activity of enzymes within cell membranes. Their finding suggests that, if taken at higher-than-approved doses and/or for long periods of time, these prescription-level nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and other drugs that affect the membrane may produce wide-ranging and unwanted side effects.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Catherine Kolf
ckolf@jhmi.edu
443-287-2251
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Neuron
Children with autism have extra synapses in brain
Children and adolescents with autism have a surplus of synapses in the brain, and this excess is due to a slowdown in a normal brain 'pruning' process during development, according to a study by neuroscientists at Columbia University Medical Center. Because synapses are the points where neurons connect and communicate with each other, the excessive synapses may have profound effects on how the brain functions. The study was published in the Aug. 21 online issue of the journal Neuron.
Simons Foundation, Department of Defense, Parkinson's Disease Foundation, JPB Foundation, National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
ket2116@cumc.columbia.edu
212-342-0508
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Journal of American Society of Nephrology
Measuring calcium buildup to predict heart disease in those with chronic kidney disease
Calcium buildup in the coronary arteries of chronic kidney disease patients may be a strong indicator of heart disease risk, according to a new study in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health assert that coronary calcium outperforms two other commonly used measures of subclinical atherosclerosis in predicting the risk of heart disease among individuals with kidney disease.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhu.edu
410-955-7619
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Diabetes Care
Losing weight lowers health care costs for adults with type 2 diabetes
Overweight individuals with diabetes who lose weight by dieting and increasing their physical activity can reduce their health care costs by an average of more than $500 per year, according to a new study.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/National Heart, Blood and Lung Institute, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Marguerite Beck
marbeck@wakehealth.edu
336-716-2415
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Science
How hummingbirds evolved to detect sweetness
Hummingbirds' ability to detect sweetness evolved from an ancestral savory taste receptor that is mostly tuned to flavors in amino acids.
National Science Foundation, Fulbright Commission and Science Foundation Ireland Research Frontiers Program, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Science
Marine protected areas might not be enough to help overfished reefs recover
Pacific corals and fish can both smell a bad neighborhood, and use that ability to avoid settling in damaged reefs.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Brett Israel
brett.israel@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-1933
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Cancer Cell
Blueprint for next generation of chronic myeloid leukemia treatment
Researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah have identified and characterized mutated forms of the gene that encodes BCR-ABL, the unregulated enzyme driving the blood cancer chronic myeloid leukemia.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Huntsman Cancer Institute, Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, American Society of Hematology

Contact: Linda Aagard
801-587-7639
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Journal of Nutrition
Pica in pregnant teens linked to low iron
In a study of 158 pregnant teenagers in Rochester, N.Y., nearly half engaged in pica -- the craving and intentional consumption of ice, cornstarch, vacuum dust, baby powder and soap, and other nonfood items, reports a new Cornell study. Moreover, such teens had significantly lower iron levels as compared with teens who did not eat nonfood substances.
US Department of Agriculture, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Melissa Osgood
mmo59@cornell.edu
607-255-2059
Cornell University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
PLOS ONE
Pitt analysis questions use of acute hemodialysis treatment
A common approach to treating kidney failure by removing waste products from the blood did not improve survival chances for people who suddenly developed the condition, in an analysis led by experts at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rick Pietzak
PietzakR@upmc.edu
412-864-4151
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Maturing brain flips function of amygdala in regulating stress hormones
In contrast to evidence that the amygdala stimulates stress responses in adults, Yerkes researchers have found that the amygdala has an inhibitory effect on stress hormones during the early development of nonhuman primates. Adds to evidence for a developmental switch in amygdala function and connectivity.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Quinn Eastman
qeastma@emory.edu
404-727-7829
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
$14.5 million grant awarded to continue anthrax studies
The National Institutes of Health has awarded the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation a five-year, $14.5 million grant to continue its research on anthrax and the bacteria's effects on humans. Studies will focus on three areas: parts of the anthrax bacteria that cause inflammation and human pathology of the disease, the anthrax vaccine that is administered to US military personnel, and testing human components that contribute to inflammation accompanying bacterial infections.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Shari Hawkins
shari-hawkins@omrf.org
405-271-8537
Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Regular blood transfusions can stave off repeat strokes in children with sickle cell disease
Monthly blood transfusions can substantially reduce the risk of recurrent strokes in children with sickle cell disease who have already suffered a silent stroke, according to the results of an international study by investigators at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center, Vanderbilt University and 27 other medical institutions.
The National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
epeshev1@jhmi.edu
410-502-9433
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Journal of Pediatrics
Teen sleeplessness piles on risk for obesity
Teenagers who don't get enough sleep may wake up to worse consequences than nodding off during chemistry class. According to new research, risk of being obese by age 21 was 20 percent higher among 16-year-olds who got less than six hours of sleep a night, compared with their peers who slumbered more than eight hours.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Timothy Paul
tim.paul@gmail.com
917-743-8004
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Cell Reports
Vanderbilt researchers find that coronary arteries hold heart-regenerating cells
Endothelial cells residing in the coronary arteries can function as cardiac stem cells to produce new heart muscle tissue, Vanderbilt University investigators have discovered.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, National Institutes of Health, Certificate Program in Molecular Medicine

Contact: Craig Boerner
craig.boerner@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Showing releases 3276-3300 out of 3765.

<< < 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 > >>

     
   

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