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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3276-3300 out of 3437.

<< < 127 | 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 > >>

Public Release: 14-Aug-2013
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
6 months of fish oil reverses liver disease in children with intestinal failure, study shows
A clinical trial conducted at the Children's Discovery and Innovation Institute at Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA has found that, compared with soybean oil, a limited duration (24 weeks) of fish oil is safe and effective in reversing liver disease in children with intestinal failure who require intravenous nutrition. The researchers believe that fish oil may also decrease the need for liver and/or intestinal transplants -- and mortality -- associated with this disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Amy Albin
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 14-Aug-2013
Targeting aggressive prostate cancer
A team of researchers from UC Davis, UC San Diego and other institutions has identified a key mechanism behind aggressive prostate cancer.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense

Contact: Dorsey Griffith
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 14-Aug-2013
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Growing use of MRIs leading to more invasive breast cancer surgery
Heavy use of magnetic resonance imaging may be leading to unnecessary breast removal in older women with breast cancer, according to a study by Yale School of Medicine researchers in the current issue of Breast Cancer Research and Treatment.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Yale Comprehensive Cancer Center

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 14-Aug-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Finasteride saves men from prostate cancer, doesn't increase risk of death
A long-term follow-up to a groundbreaking study led by the director of the Cancer Therapy & Research Center confirms that a drug shown to reduce risk of prostate cancer by more than a third has no impact on lifespan but further reduces the risk of prostate cancer.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Elizabeth Allen
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 14-Aug-2013
Cell Host & Microbe
CWRU dental researchers discover how an oral bacterium can trigger colorectal cancer
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine have discovered how a common oral bacterium can contribute to colorectal cancer, a finding that opens promising new research avenues for the development of approaches to prevent and treat the disease.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Contact: Susan Griffith
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 13-Aug-2013
American Journal of Hypertension
'Hyper-vigilance' about race linked to elevated blood pressure in black patients
Black patients preoccupied with racial concerns have higher blood pressure than those who aren't, according to results of new Johns Hopkins-led research. The findings suggest that heightened race consciousness could at least in part account for the disproportionately high rate of hypertension in black Americans -- the highest prevalence of any group in the United States and one of the highest rates in the world.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 13-Aug-2013
Urgent! How genes tell cellular construction crews, 'Read me now!'
When egg and sperm combine, the new embryo bustles with activity. Its cells multiply so rapidly they largely ignore their DNA, other than to copy it and to read just a few essential genes. The embryonic cells mainly rely on molecular instructions placed in the egg by its mother in the form of RNA.
Stowers Institute for Medical Research, Pew Charitable Trust, NIH/New Innovator Award

Contact: Gina Kirchweger
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Public Release: 13-Aug-2013
University of Louisville Diabetes & Obesity Center wins second multimillion-dollar COBRE grant
A center created with a five-year National Institutes of Health grant at the University of Louisville in 2008 has won its second five-year grant. The NIH's National Institute of General Medical Sciences has awarded an $11.25 million "Center of Biomedical Research Excellence" grant to UofL's Diabetes and Obesity Center.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Jill Scoggins
University of Louisville

Public Release: 13-Aug-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Newly discovered 'switch' plays dual role in memory formation
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have uncovered a protein switch that can either increase or decrease memory-building activity in brain cells, depending on the signals it detects. Its dual role means the protein is key to understanding the complex network of signals that shapes our brain's circuitry, the researchers say. A description of their discovery appears in the July 31 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 13-Aug-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Brain scans may help diagnose dyslexia
MIT study shows that differences in a key language structure can be seen even before children start learning to read.
National Institutes of Health, Poitras Center for Affective Disorders Research, Ellison Medical Foundation & Halis Family Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Aug-2013
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
DHA-enriched formula in infancy linked to positive cognitive outcomes in childhood
While the effect of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in infant formula on children's cognitive development may not always be evident on standardized developmental tasks at 18 months, significant effects may emerge later on more specific or fine-grained tasks.
National Institutes of Health, Mead Johnson Nutrition

Contact: Karen Salisbury Henry
University of Kansas

Public Release: 13-Aug-2013
Nature Communications
Sugar is toxic to mice in 'safe' doses
When mice ate a diet of 25 percent extra sugar -- the mouse equivalent of a healthy human diet plus three cans of soda daily -- females died at twice the normal rate and males were a quarter less likely to hold territory and reproduce, according to a toxicity test developed at the University of Utah.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Annalisa Purser
University of Utah

Public Release: 13-Aug-2013
2013 American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
More siblings means less chance of divorce as adult
Growing up with siblings may provide some protection against divorce as an adult, a new nationwide study reveals.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Jeff Grabmeier
Ohio State University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Developmental Cell
Multi-disciplinary Penn research identifies protein required for cell movement
A new multi-disciplinary study by University of Pennsylvania researchers has now illuminated a crucial step in the process of cell movement. The protein they examined, Exo70, induces a reshaping of the cell's plasma membrane, a necessary step in how a cell migrates from one location to another.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Development and Psychopathology
Study finds that some depressed adolescents are at higher risk for developing anxiety
Some adolescents who suffer with depression also may be at risk for developing anxiety, says psychologist Chrystyna Kouros, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, who led a new study of children's mental health. The study found that among youth who have depression symptoms, the possibility they'll also develop anxiety is greatest for those who have a pessimistic outlook, mothers with a history of anxiety, or poor family relationships. The findings suggest early intervention treatment.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, William T. Grant Foundation

Contact: Margaret Allen
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Lampreys provide hints to ancient immune cells
Lampreys have immune cells that resemble gamma delta T cells from mammals, birds and fish, researchers have found. This has implications for the evolution of the vertebrate immune system.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Stem Cells
There's life after radiation for brain cells
Scientists have long believed that healthy brain cells, once damaged by radiation designed to kill brain tumors, cannot regenerate. But new Johns Hopkins research in mice suggests that neural stem cells, the body's source of new brain cells, are resistant to radiation, and can be roused from a hibernation-like state to reproduce and generate new cells able to migrate, replace injured cells and potentially restore lost function.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Quality of Life Research
Perception of fertility affects quality of life in young, female cancer survivors
A recently published CU Cancer Center study shows that beyond the fact of fertility, a young woman's perception of fertility based on regular menstrual cycles after cancer treatment affects her quality of life long after treatment ends.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Garth Sundem
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Cell Stem Cell
Why early pregnancy conferes breast cancer protection
Harvard Stem Cell Institute researchers discover why breast cancer is less likely in women with pregnancy in early to mid-20s. Now testing screening test for breast cancer risk.
National Institutes of Health, and others

Contact: B. D. Colen
Harvard University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Nature Biotechnology
Scientists develop method that ensures safe research on deadly flu viruses
The strategy will enable healthy molecules in human lung cells to latch on to these viruses and cut the bugs up before they have a chance to infect the human host.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Mount Sinai Press Office
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Illinois researchers advance understanding of schistosome reproduction
University of Illinois researchers, including Institute for Genomic Biology Fellow Bo Wang, Professor of Cell and Developmental Biology Phil Newmark, and Department of Cell and Developmental Biology postdoctoral researcher James Collins are studying the unique mechanisms that allow schistosomes' germinal cells to create thousands of clonal larvae that can then infect humans.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Yerkes Research Center receives 5-year, $9.5 million grant to study oxytocin
The Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, has received a five-year, $9.5 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to establish a Silvio O. Conte Center in Neuroscience Research to study oxytocin, a brain chemical known for forming bonds between mother and baby.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Lisa Newbern
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Obesity and mortality association differs between individuals with and without diabetes
The relationship between body mass index and mortality appears to be stronger in adults without diabetes than those with existing diabetes. These findings are published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine in a study by Chandra Jackson of the Harvard School of Public Health and colleagues. The researchers suggest that studies on body weight and mortality should take into account the impact of diabetes status in the population.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, TREC

Contact: Renate Bayaz

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Oprah's and Einstein's faces help spot dementia
Simple tests that measure the ability to recognize and name famous people such as Albert Einstein, Bill Gates or Oprah Winfrey may help doctors identify early dementia in those 40 to 65 years old. Current tests exist but are outdated. These famous faces were chosen for their relevance to individuals under age 65, so that the test may diagnose dementia in younger people.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Hypertension: Journal of the American Heart Association
Your eyes may hold clues to stroke risk
Photographing the retina may help detect which high blood pressure patients are more likely to have a stroke. Retinal imaging may be an inexpensive and non-invasive way to assess risk.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Karen Astle
American Heart Association

Showing releases 3276-3300 out of 3437.

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