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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3301-3325 out of 3610.

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Public Release: 1-May-2014
Delving deep into the brain
An MRI sensor allows MIT neuroscientists to map neural activity with molecular precision.
NIH/National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-May-2014
Connection between genetic variation and immune system, risk for neurodegenerative and other disease
Researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Massachusetts General Hospital, and University of Chicago report findings demonstrating how genetic variations among healthy, young individuals can influence immune cell function.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 1-May-2014
Clinical Cancer Research
Vitamin D deficiency linked to aggressive prostate cancer
African-American and European-American men at high risk of prostate cancer have greater odds of being diagnosed with an aggressive form of the disease if they have a vitamin D deficiency.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense

Contact: Erin White
Northwestern University

Public Release: 1-May-2014
Science Signaling
'Achilles heel' of pancreatic cancer identified
A research team at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center reports that inhibiting a single protein completely shuts down growth of pancreatic cancer, a highly lethal disease with no effective therapy. 'We believe this is the true Achilles heel of pancreatic cancer ... This appears to be the critical switch that promotes cancer growth and progression,' says the study's senior investigator.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Burroughs Wellcome Clinical Scientist Award

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 1-May-2014
Clinical Cancer Research
Human fat: A trojan horse to fight brain cancer?
Johns Hopkins researchers say they have successfully used stem cells derived from human body fat to deliver biological treatments directly to the brains of mice with the most common and aggressive form of brain tumor, significantly extending their lives.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 1-May-2014
Cell Reports
Gene discovery links cancer cell 'recycling' system to potential new therapy
University of Rochester scientists have discovered a gene with a critical link to pancreatic cancer, and further investigation in mice shows that by blocking the gene's most important function, researchers can slow the disease and extend survival.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leslie Orr
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 1-May-2014
Clinical Cancer Research
Vitamin D deficiency may be linked to aggressive prostate cancer
Vitamin D deficiency was an indicator of aggressive prostate cancer and spread of the disease in European-American and African-American men who underwent their first prostate biopsy because of abnormal prostate-specific antigen and/or digital rectal examination test results, according to a study published in Clinical Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense

Contact: Jeremy Moore
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 1-May-2014
Cancer Research
New model can predict therapy outcomes in prostate cancer with bone metastasis
A new computational model that simulates bone metastasis of prostate cancer has the potential to rapidly assess experimental therapy outcomes and help develop personalized medicine for patients with this disease, according to data published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
US Department of Defense, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jeremy Moore
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Algae 'see' a wide range of light
Aquatic algae can sense an unexpectedly wide range of color, allowing them to sense and adapt to changing light conditions in lakes and oceans. The study by researchers at UC Davis was published earlier this year in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture, US Department of Defense, the Packard Foundation, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
American Academy of Neurology's 66th Annual Meeting
MS researchers find brain and cognitive reserve protect long-term against cognitive decline
MS researchers have found brain reserve and cognitive reserve confer long-term protective effect against cognitive decline. Dr. Sumowski presented this research at the 2014 AAN conference in Philadelphia.
National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Science of Serbia

Contact: Carolann Murphy
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Columbia engineers grow functional human cartilage in lab
Researchers at Columbia Engineering announced today that they have successfully grown -- for the first time -- fully functional human cartilage in vitro from human stem cells derived from bone marrow tissue. Their study, which demonstrates new ways to better mimic the enormous complexity of tissue development, regeneration, and disease, is published in the April 28 early online edition of PNAS.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Regenerative medicine approach improves muscle strength, function in leg injuries
Damaged leg muscles grew stronger and showed signs of regeneration in three out of five men whose old injuries were surgically implanted with extracellular matrix derived from pig bladder, according to a new study conducted by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine. Early findings from a human trial of the process and from animal studies were published today in Science Translational Medicine.
US Department of the Interior, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Academic Pediatrics
Parents just as likely to use cell phones while driving, putting child passengers at risk
More than 75 percent said they engaged in distractions like phone use, eating or feeding a child in University of Michigan study.
Michigan Center for Advancing Safe Transportation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mary Masson
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
In recognizing speech sounds, the brain does not work the way a computer does
How does the brain decide whether something is correct? When it comes to the processing of spoken language the common theory has been that the brain applies a set of rules to determine which combinations of sounds are permissible. Now the work of Massachusetts General Hospital investigators supports a different explanation -- that the brain decides whether a combination of sounds is acceptable based on words that are already known.
NIH/National Institute of Deafness and Communicative Disorders

Contact: Sue McGreevey
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Water-based 'engine' propels tumor cells through tight spaces in the body
Johns Hopkins researchers have discovered how cancer cells spread through extremely narrow three-dimensional spaces in the body, identifying a propulsion system based on water and charged particles.
National Science Foundatoin, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Phil Sneiderman
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Academic Pediatrics
Coached extracurricular activities may help prevent pre-adolescent smoking and drinking
Dartmouth researchers have found that tweens (preadolescents aged 10-14) who participate in a coached team sport a few times a week or more are less likely to try smoking. Their findings on the relationship between extracurricular activity and health risk behaviors are reported in 'The relative roles of types of extracurricular activity on smoking and drinking initiation among tweens,' which was recently published in Academic Pediatrics.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Robin Dutcher
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Light activity every day keeps disability at bay
Pushing a shopping cart or a vacuum doesn't take a lot of effort, but enough of this sort of light physical activity every day can help people with or at risk of knee arthritis avoid developing disabilities as they age, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Erin White
Northwestern University

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Mouse study points to potentially powerful tool for treating damaged hearts
A type of cell that builds mouse hearts can renew itself, Johns Hopkins researchers report. They say the discovery, which likely applies to such cells in humans as well, may pave the way to using them to repair hearts damaged by disease -- or even grow new heart tissue for transplantation.
Magic that Matters Fund, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund, Lundbeck Foundation, Fondation Leducq, Muscular Dystrophy Association

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Genes and Development
Damage control: Recovering from radiation and chemotherapy
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that a protein called beta-catenin plays a critical, and previously unappreciated, role in promoting recovery of stricken hematopoietic stem cells after radiation exposure.
National Institutes of Health, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Stem cell therapy regenerates heart muscle damaged from heart attacks in primates
Heart cells created from human embryonic stem cells successfully restored damaged heart muscles in monkeys. Stem-cell derived heart muscle cells infiltrated into damaged heart tissue, assembled muscle fibers and began to beat in synchrony with macaque heart cells. Scientists are working to reduce the risk of heart rhythm problems and to see if pumping action improves.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, National Health & Medical Research Council of Australia

Contact: Leila Gray
University of Washington

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Child Development
Working memory differs by parents' education; effects persist into adolescence
A new longitudinal study has found that differences in working memory- the ability to hold information in your mind, think about it, and use it to guide behavior -- that exist at age 10 persist through the end of adolescence. The study also found that parents' education -- one common measure of socioeconomic status -- is related to children's performance on tasks of working memory. The researchers studied more than 300 10- through 13-year-olds over four years.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Hannah Klein
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
Acta Neuropathologica
GWAS study ties ABCC9 anomalies, sulfonylurea exposure to HS-Aging
A genome-wide association study (GWAS) at the University of Kentucky has provided new insight into hippocampal sclerosis of aging (HS-A), a common disease affecting the elderly.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Laura Dawahare
University of Kentucky

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
Chronic stress heightens vulnerability to diet-related metabolic risk
New research out of UC San Francisco is the first to demonstrate that highly stressed people who eat a lot of high-fat, high-sugar food are more prone to health risks than low-stress people who eat the same amount of unhealthy food.
National Institutes of Health, Marchionne Foundation, Institute for Integrative Health

Contact: Juliana Bunim
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
Scripps Florida scientists reveal molecular secrets behind resveratrol's health benefits
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have now identified one of the molecular pathways that resveratrol, associated with positive health effects in aging, inflammation and metabolism, uses to achieve its beneficial action. They found that resveratrol controls the body's inflammatory response as a binding partner with the estrogen receptor without stimulating estrogenic cell proliferation, good news for its potential as a model for drug design.
National Institutes of Health, Florida Department of Health, State of Florida, James & Esther King Biomedical Research Program

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
ACS Nano
Brain tumor cells penetrated by tiny, degradable particles carrying genetic instructions
Working together, Johns Hopkins biomedical engineers and neurosurgeons report that they have created tiny, biodegradable 'nanoparticles' able to carry DNA to brain cancer cells in mice. The team says the results of their proof of principle experiment suggest that such particles loaded with 'death genes' might one day be given to brain cancer patients during neurosurgery to selectively kill off any remaining tumor cells without damaging normal brain tissue.
NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund, Technology Development Corporation

Contact: Catherine Kolf
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Showing releases 3301-3325 out of 3610.

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