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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3301-3325 out of 3713.

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Public Release: 9-Jul-2014
Depression in AMD patients with low vision can be halved by integrated therapies
The first clinical trial to examine integrated low vision and mental health treatment has shown that the approach can reduce the incidence of depression by half among people with low vision due to age-related macular degeneration. The results of the study were published online today in Ophthalmology, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Dayle Kern
American Academy of Ophthalmology

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Rockefeller scientists first to reconstitute the DNA 'replication fork'
While scientists have had an idea of the molecular tools that cells use to replicate DNA -- the enzymes that unzip the double-stranded DNA and create 'daughter' copies -- they did not have a clear picture of how the process works. Now, researchers at Rockefeller University have built the first model system to decipher what goes on at the 'replication fork' -- the point where DNA is split down the middle in order to create two exact copies.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Franklin Hoke
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology
Cinnamon may be used to halt the progression of Parkinson's disease
Neurological scientists at Rush University Medical Center have found that using cinnamon, a common food spice and flavoring material, can reverse the biomechanical, cellular and anatomical changes that occur in the brains of mice with Parkinson's disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Deb Song
Rush University Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Nature Immunology
LJI develops new approach to identify genes poised to respond in asthma patients
In a study published yesterday in the scientific journal Nature Immunology, a group at the La Jolla Institute led by Pandurangan Vijayanand, Ph.D., identify new genes that likely contribute to asthma, a disease that currently affects over 200 million people world wide.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Daniel Moyer
La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Hypertension: Journal of the American Heart Association
UI researchers find early predictor for preeclampsia
University of Iowa researchers have discovered a biomarker that could give expecting mothers and their doctors the first simple blood test to reliably predict that a pregnant woman may develop preeclampsia, at least as early as six weeks into the pregnancy.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Molly Rossiter
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Scripps Florida scientists uncover new compounds that could affect circadian rhythm
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have discovered a surprising new role for a pair of compounds that have the potential to alter circadian rhythm, the complex physiological process, present in most living things, that responds to a 24-hour cycle of light and dark. At least one of these compounds could be developed as a chemical probe to uncover new therapeutic approaches to a range of disorders, including diabetes and obesity.
National Institutes of Health, Florida Department of Health, State of Florida

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
American Journal of Psychiatry
Study shows link between inflammation in maternal blood and schizophrenia in offspring
Maternal inflammation as indicated by the presence in maternal blood of early gestational C-reactive protein -- an established inflammatory biomarker -- appears to be associated with greater risk for schizophrenia in offspring.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Recalled yogurt contained highly pathogenic mold
A sample isolated from Greek yogurt that was voluntarily recalled in September 2013 after consumers were sickened has been found to contain the most virulent form of a fungus called Mucor circinelloides, which is associated with infections in immune-compromised people. The Duke University study shows this fungus can survive in a mouse and be found in its feces as many as 10 days after ingestion, indicating it may be capable of opportunistic infection.
National Institutes of Health, Human Microbiome Project

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
International Union of Crystallography Journal
A possible pathway for inhibiting liver and colon cancer is found
A group of scientists from Spain, the UK and the United States has revealed the structure of a protein complex involved in liver and colon cancers.
National Institutes of Health, Plan Nacional of I+D, Diputación de Vizcaya

Contact: Dr. Jonathan Agbenyega
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Molecular Microbiology
When faced with some sugars, bacteria can be picky eaters
Researchers have found for the first time that genetically identical strains of bacteria can respond very differently to the presence of sugars and other organic molecules in the environment, with some individual bacteria devouring the sugars and others ignoring it.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Huntington's disease protein helps wire the young brain
A team led by Duke researchers has uncovered a surprising new role for the Huntington's disease protein: it helps wire connections in early brain development. Understanding more about how the protein works may help inform treatment for early stages of the disease.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Ruth K. Broad Biomedical Research Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Health Affairs
New technologies fuel patient participation and data collection in research
The changing dynamic of health studies driven by 'big data' research projects will empower patients to become active participants who provide real-time information such as symptoms, side effects and clinical outcomes, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.
National Institutes of Health, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Underage drinkers heavily exposed to magazine ads for alcohol brands they consume
Underage drinkers between the ages of 18 and 20 see more magazine advertising than any other age group for the alcohol brands they consume most heavily, raising important questions about whether current alcohol self-regulatory codes concerning advertising are sufficiently protecting young people.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
PLOS Medicine
Individuals who are extremely obese have higher rates of mortality
Class III obesity is linked to higher rates of mortality, according to a study published in this week's PLOS Medicine. Cari Kitahara and colleagues from National Cancer Institute, US, found that mortality rates for a wide range of diseases, particularly heart disease, cancer, and diabetes, were higher in individuals with class III obesity compared to those in the normal weight range.
Intramural Research Program of the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Maya Sandler

Public Release: 8-Jul-2014
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Underage drinkers overexposed to magazine advertising for the brands they consume
The brands of alcohol popular with underage drinkers also happen to be the ones heavily advertised in magazines that young people read, a new study finds.
NIH/National Instutute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Alicia Samuels
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Public Release: 7-Jul-2014
Slim down for the health of it and possibly reduce your hot flashes in the process
Now women have yet one more incentive to lose weight as a new study has shown evidence that behavioral weight loss can help manage menopausal hot flashes.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Eileen Petridis
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS)

Public Release: 7-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UGA researchers use nanoparticles to enhance chemotherapy
University of Georgia researchers have developed a new formulation of cisplatin, a common chemotherapy drug, that significantly increases the drug's ability to target and destroy cancerous cells.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Shanta Dhar
University of Georgia

Public Release: 7-Jul-2014
Journal of Medical Internet Research
Expectant moms turn to 'Dr. Google' for pregnancy advice
Pregnant women are using the Internet to seek answers to their medical questions more often than they would like, say Penn State researchers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Victoria Indivero
Penn State

Public Release: 7-Jul-2014
Infection and Immunity
Study reveals protective role for specialized cells in intestinal and respiratory systems
Ripping a page from the 'Star Trek' script, specialized cells of the barrier that lines the inside of the intestines and airways of humans have invoked a biological version of Captain Kirk's famous command 'shields up' as a first defense against invading microbes. Research in the laboratory of UC Riverside's David Lo found that certain cells of the epithelium have a potentially important role in immune surveillance -- creating an electrostatic repulsion field to microbial invasion.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Kathy Barton
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 7-Jul-2014
European Journal of Neuroscience
Dodging dots helps explain brain circuitry
In a new study, Brown University neuroscientists looked cell-by-cell at the brain circuitry that tadpoles, and possibly other animals, use to avoid collisions. The study produced a model of how individual inhibitory and excitatory neurons can work together to control a simple behavior.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Fox Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 7-Jul-2014
$12.6 million NIH grant to study genetics of Alzheimer's disease
Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania are part of a five-university collaboration receiving a $12.6 million, four-year grant from the National Institute on Aging to identify rare genetic variants that may either protect against, or contribute to Alzheimer's disease risk.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 7-Jul-2014
Annals of Emergency Medicine
Teen dating violence cuts both ways: 1 in 6 girls and guys are aggressors, victims or both
Dating during the teen years takes a violent turn for nearly one in six young people, a new study finds, with both genders reporting acts like punching and throwing things. The data, drawn from a survey of over 4,000 patients ages 14 to 20, indicate that dating violence is common and affects both genders.
NIH/National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 7-Jul-2014
Oncology Nursing Forum
Support team aiding caregivers of cancer patients shows success, CWRU researchers report
Many caregivers of terminal cancer patients suffer depression and report regret and guilt from feeling they could have done more to eliminate side effects and relieve the pain. So researchers from the nursing school at Case Western Reserve University devised and tested an intervention that quickly integrates a cancer support team to guide caregivers and their patients through difficult end-of-life treatment and decisions.
NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Susan Griffith
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 7-Jul-2014
Boston University researchers and collaborators receive $12.6 million NIH grant for AD
Researchers from the Biomedical Genetics division of the Boston University School of Medicine are part of a five-university collaboration receiving a $12.6 million, four-year grant from the National Institute on Aging, part of the National Institutes of Health, to identify rare genetic variants that may either protect against, or contribute to Alzheimer's disease risk.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Jul-2014
AIDS and Behavior
NYU researchers tackle racial/ethnic disparities in HIV medical studies
Study finds social/behavioral intervention vastly increased the number of African American and Latino individuals living with HIV/AIDS who enrolled in HIV/AIDS medical studies. Nine out of 10 participants who were found eligible for studies decided to enroll, compared to zero participants among a control group.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Center for Drug Use and HIV Research

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Showing releases 3301-3325 out of 3713.

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