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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3301-3325 out of 3508.

<< < 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 > >>

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Regenstrief and IU study: Older adults with severe mental illness challenge healthcare system
Although older adults with serious mental illness didn't have more recorded physical illness and had fewer outpatient visits to primary care physicians, they made more medical emergency department visits and had considerably longer medical hospitalizations than older adults without mental illness according to a study conducted by researchers from the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University Center for Aging Research.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
caisen@iupui.edu
317-843-2276
Indiana University

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Journal of Sleep Research
Bradley Hospital researchers link lack of sleep in teens to higher risk of illness
Newly released findings from Bradley Hospital published in the Journal of Sleep Research have found that acute illnesses, such as colds, flu, and gastroenteritis were more common among healthy adolescents who got less sleep at night. Additionally, the regularity of teens' sleep schedules was found to impact their health. The study, titled "Sleep patterns are associated with common illness in adolescents," was led by Kathryn Orzech, Ph.D. of the Bradley Hospital Sleep Research Laboratory.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jill Reuter
jreuter@lifespan.org
401-444-6863
Lifespan

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Cell, Host & Microbe
Bleeding symptom leads scientists to intracellular trafficker's role in virus propagation
Vermont researchers find a new important clue to how deadly rodent-borne viruses harness ERGIC-53 to ensure their reproductive success.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jennifer Nachbur
jennifer.nachbur@uvm.edu
802-656-7875
University of Vermont

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Social Science and Medicine
State child restraint laws leave many unprotected, NYU study finds
Child restraint laws across many states have gaps that leave unprotected passengers highly vulnerable to vehicle-crash injuries, a study by New York University has found. The findings show that many child restraint laws lag behind existing research on vehicular safety and fail to follow guidelines adopted by medical experts.
National Institutes of Health, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
PLOS Medicine
Genetic signature identified for RSV, the leading cause of infant hospitalizations worldwide
Scientists from Nationwide Children's Hospital have identified the genetic signature of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), the leading cause of infant hospitalizations around the world. The work is a key step toward a better understanding of the immune response to RSV, which will aid the development of a vaccine and a tool that could allow physicians to determine the severity of the infection when symptoms first develop.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, RGK Foundation

Contact: Gina Bericchia
Gina.Bericchia@NationwideChildrens.org
614-355-0495
Nationwide Children's Hospital

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
New statistical tools being developed for mining cancer data
Researchers at Rice University, Baylor College of Medicine and the University of Texas at Austin are working together to create new statistical tools that can find clues about cancer that are hidden like needles in enormous haystacks of raw data.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Cell Reports
Biologists ID new cancer weakness
MIT researchers find drugs that block new target gene could make many tumors more vulnerable to chemotherapy.
Austrian Science Fund, National Institutes of Health, Janssen Pharmaceutical, Koch Institute, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Center for Environmental Health Sciences, Volkswagenstiftung, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, and others

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Journal of Sex Research
Miriam Hospital study examines link in college women's use of substances and condoms
A new study from researchers at The Miriam Hospital finds a link between alcohol consumption and reduced condom use among college women. The findings also indicate that women who smoke marijuana with established romantic partners may use condoms less often. The study was recently published online in the Journal of Sex Research.
NIH/National Institutes on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Nancy Jean
njean@lifespan.org
401-305-5856
Lifespan

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Science
FDA approved immune-modulating drug unexpectedly benefits mice with fatal mitochondrial defect
In a lab devoted to increasing healthy lifespans, the transplant anti-rejection drug rapamycin showed unexpected health benefits and increased survival in a mouse model of a fatal mitochondrial defect. Children with the untreatable condition suffer from brain damage and muscle weakness, and rarely live beyond 6 or 7 years. The drug enables the body to bypass the mitochondrial defect by switching its metabolism to burn fats and amino acids instead of glucose, and thereby reduces toxic byproducts.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
NIH grant funds multi-center study of mysterious trauma-induced hemorrhaging
The Trans-Agency Consortium for Trauma-Induced Coagulopathy study is a cooperative effort funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute that establishes a unique collaboration between the NIH and the Department of Defense to study a deadly bleeding syndrome -- called coagulopathy -- that occurs without warning in some trauma patients.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jennifer Nachbur
jennifer.nachbur@uvm.edu
802-656-7875
University of Vermont

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine
Where someone drowns determines their chance of survival, according to new research
Two new research studies show that location is the most important factor in determining drowning survival.
Heart and Stoke Canada, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, US National Institutes of Health, Lifesaving Society of Ontario

Contact: Geoff Koehler
koehlerg@smh.ca
416-864-6060 x6537
St. Michael's Hospital

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Oncotarget
Molecule common in some cancers, rheumatoid arthritis leads to potential therapy for both
A molecule that helps cells stick together is significantly over-produced in two very different diseases -- rheumatoid arthritis and a variety of cancers, including breast and brain tumors, concludes a new study. The scientists who made the discovery also found candidate drugs to inhibit the molecule, cadherin-11, one of which is already in a clinical trial.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, US Department of Defense/Breast Cancer Research Program

Contact: Karen Mallet
km463@georgetown.edu
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
PLOS Genetics
Deciphering genetic echoes from the past: Illuminating human history
Historical records are often used to learn about ancestry but a new approach, using genetics, is currently being applied. In a recent study, published in PLOS Genetics, scientists from the Stanford University School of Medicine and the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine compared patterns of genetic variation found in populations in and around the Caribbean.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eden Martin
EMartin1@med.miami.edu
PLOS

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
USC study reveals a protein that keeps people -- and their skeletons -- organized
Most people think that their planners or their iPhones keep them organized, when proteins such as liver kinase b1 actually have a lot more to do with it. New research from postdoctoral fellow Lick Lai in the lab of USC scientist Andy McMahon published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences sheds light on how this important protein keeps people organized on a basic level by promoting orderly skeletal growth and preventing skeletal tumors.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Cristy Lytal
lytal@med.usc.edu
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
Molecular Cell
Deletion of any single gene provokes mutations elsewhere in the genome
Johns Hopkins researchers report that the deletion of any single gene in yeast cells puts pressure on the organism's genome to compensate, leading to a mutation in another gene. Their discovery, which is likely applicable to human genetics because of the way DNA is conserved across species, could have significant consequences for the way genetic analysis is done in cancer and other areas of research, they say.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Catherine Kolf
ckolf@jhmi.edu
443-287-2251
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
Experimental Biology and Medicine
Geranylgeraniol suppresses the viability of human prostate cancer cells and HMG CoA reductase
Geranylgeraniol may be a new weapon in the arsenal of mevalonate-suppressive isoprenoids with potential synergism in the fight against prostate cancer.
National Institutes of Health, Texas Woman's University/Research Enhancement Program

Contact: Huanbiao Mo
hmo@mail.twu.edu
Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
Nature
Northeastern researchers have discovered a new treatment to cure MRSA infection
Recent work from Northeastern University Distinguished Professor of Biology Kim Lewis promises to overcome one of the leading public health threats of our time. In a groundbreaking study published Wednesday in the journal Nature, Lewis' team presents a novel approach to treat and eliminate methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA, a potent bacterium whose resistance to antibiotics has kept it one step ahead of researchers. That is, until now.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases IAA, EMSL, US Department of Energy/BER

Contact: Kara Shemin
kara.shemin@neu.edu
617-373-2802
Northeastern University

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
Diabetes Care
Intranasal insulin improves cognitive function in patients with type 2 diabetes
A research team led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center finds that a single dose of intranasal insulin can improve cognitive function in patients with diabetes.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/National Institute on Aging, Veterans Administration, China Scholarship Council

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
bprescot@bidmc.harvard.edu
617-667-7306
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
Critical Care Medicine
BUSM/BMC study shows decrease in sepsis mortality rates
A recent study from Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center shows a significant decrease in severe sepsis mortality rates over the past 20 years. Looking at data from patients with severe sepsis enrolled in clinical trials, researchers found that in-hospital mortality rates decreased from 47 percent between 1991 and 1995 to 29 percent between 2006 and 2009, a time period when no new pharmacological treatments were developed for severe sepsis.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Jenny Eriksen
jenny.eriksen@bmc.org
617-638-6841
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
Clinical Cancer Research
Finding antitumor T cells in a patient's own cancer
In a paper recently published in Clinical Cancer Research, investigators in the lab of Daniel Powell, Ph.D., at the Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, demonstrated for the first time that a T cell activation molecule can be used as a biomarker to identify rare antitumor T cells in human cancers. The molecule, CD137, is a protein that is not normally found on the surface of resting T cells but its expression is induced when the T cell is activated.
NIH/Nationcal Cancer Institute, Sandy Rollman Ovarian Cancer Foundation, Ovarian Cancer Research Fund

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
JAMA Internal Medicine
Study finds few patients with newly-diagnosed hyperlipidemia receive recommended thyroid screening
Despite current guidelines that recommend newly diagnosed high-cholesterol patients have a TSH blood test done to make sure they do not have hypothyroidism, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine and Boston Medical Center have found that only about half of these patients were screened for thyroid dysfunction. The findings, which appear online in JAMA Internal Medicine, show the current guidelines may be underutilized.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gina DiGravio
gina.digravio@bmc.org
617-638-8480
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
mBio
Compound stymies polyomaviruses in lab tests
There is no approved medicine to treat polyomaviruses, which afflict those with weakened immune systems, but scientists have found that a chemical compound called Retro-2 is able to significantly reduce the infectivity and spread of the viruses in lab cell cultures. Now they are working to improve it further.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Johnson & Johnson

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Mystery explained: How a common chemo drug thwarts graft rejection in bone marrow transplants
Results of a Johns Hopkins study may explain why a chemotherapy drug called cyclophosphamide prevents graft-versus-host (GVHD) disease in people who receive bone marrow transplants. The experiments point to an immune system cell that evades the toxic effects of cyclophosphamide and protects patients from a lethal form of GVHD.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
wasta@jhmi.edu
410-614-2916
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Novel gene therapy works to reverse heart failure
Researchers at the Cardiovascular Research Center at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have successfully tested a powerful gene therapy, delivered directly into the heart, to reverse heart failure.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Lauren Woods
lauren.woods@mountsinai.org
212-241-2836
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
PLOS ONE
IU cognitive scientists ID new mechanism at heart of early childhood learning and social behavior
An Indiana University study provides compelling evidence for a new and possibly dominant way for social partners to coordinate joint attention, key for parent-child communication and early language learning. The findings open up new questions about language learning and the teaching of language. They could also have major implications for the treatment of children with early social-communication impairment, such as autism, where joint caregiver-child attention with respect to objects and events is a key issue.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Liz Rosdeitcher
rosdeitc@indiana.edu
812-855-4507
Indiana University

Showing releases 3301-3325 out of 3508.

<< < 128 | 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 > >>

     
   

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