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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3301-3325 out of 3776.

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Public Release: 15-Oct-2014
Cancer Research
Prostate cancer's penchant for copper may be a fatal flaw
Like discriminating thieves, prostate cancer tumors scavenge and hoard copper that is an essential element in the body. But such avarice may be a fatal weakness.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 14-Oct-2014
Genome Biology
House fly genome reveals expanded immune system
Scientists have sequenced the house fly genome for the first time, revealing robust immune genes, as one might expect from an insect that thrives in pathogen-rich dung piles and garbage heaps. The research, published Oct. 14 in the journal Genome Biology, will increase understanding of house fly genetics and biology and of how flies quickly adapt to resist insecticides, which could lead to novel control methods.
National Institutes of Health, Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station's USDA Hatch funds

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
Cornell University

Public Release: 14-Oct-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Orphanage care linked to thinner brain tissue in regions related to ADHD
Psychological studies of children who began life in Romanian orphanages shows that institutionalization is linked to physical changes in brain structure in areas related to working memory and attention.
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 14-Oct-2014
Scripps Research Institute team receives $6.6 million to investigate deadly Lassa virus
Scientists from The Scripps Research Institute have been awarded $6.6 million from the National Institutes of Health to lead an investigation of Lassa fever virus, the most prevalent virus-induced hemorrhagic fever disease in Africa. The study aims to understand how Lassa fever virus causes disease and why some patients die, while others survive the inflection.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 14-Oct-2014
Stem Cell Reports
Stem cell discovery challenges dogma on how fetus develops; holds insights for liver cancer and reg
A Mount Sinai-led research team has discovered a new kind of stem cell that can become either a liver cell or a cell that lines liver blood vessels, according to a study published today in the journal Stem Cell Reports.
Black Family Stem Cell Institute, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Greg Williams
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 14-Oct-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
The neuroscience of holding it
Scientists are surprised to find an involuntary link in the brain between the pelvic floor and other muscles.
NIH/National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research, USC Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy, Loma Linda University Physical Therapy Department

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 14-Oct-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Protein found in insect blood that helps power pests' immune responses
By studying a protein called beta-1,3-glucan recognition protein in the blood of a caterpillar, researchers have found a genetic mechanism that may help trigger an insect's immune system into killing pathogens in the insect's blood.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Kanost
Kansas State University

Public Release: 14-Oct-2014
Researchers identify potential drug that could help treat cystic fibrosis
By screening over 2,000 approved drugs and natural products, scientists have shown that tannic acid may help ease the impact of bacterial lung infections in cystic fibrosis patients. Tests completed using experimentally modified frog oocytes show that tannic acid counteracts the harmful effect of an enzyme produced by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). However, more research is needed to find out if tannic acid can help treat S. aureus infections in humans.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Jennifer Mitchell

Public Release: 14-Oct-2014
Journal of Sexual Medicine
Side effects of cancer prevention surgery can be helped with education program
More women are having ovary-removing surgery as a cancer prevention measure, but many are often unaware of sexual or psychological side effects of the procedure. A new study by researchers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute shows a half-day educational program can help successfully deal with these issues by educating women on how to address them.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Anne Doerr
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 14-Oct-2014
Nursing home quality not tied to risk of readmission or death following hospitalization, Penn study
Nursing home care quality does not impact the likelihood of patients being readmitted to the hospital or dying within 30 days of discharge from hospital to nursing home, according to a new analysis of Medicare data and nursing home performance measures by Penn Medicine researchers.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 13-Oct-2014
Penn Medicine researcher receives New Innovator Award from National Institutes of Health
Roberto Bonasio, Ph.D., an assistant professor of Cell and Developmental Biology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, and a core member of the Penn Epigenetics Program is one of the recipients of a 2014 New Innovator Award from the National Institutes of Health.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 13-Oct-2014
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Stress may be harder on women's hearts than men's
Researchers have known for decades that stress contributes to heart disease. But a new analysis by researchers at Duke Medicine shows mental stress may tax women's hearts more than men's. The research appears online Oct. 13, 2014, in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Samiha Khanna
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists link ALS progression to increased protein instability
A new study by scientists from The Scripps Research Institute, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and other institutions suggests a cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Center for Research Resources, NIH/National Institute of Aging, National Science Foundation, TSRI/Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, Buck Institute for Research on Aging

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 13-Oct-2014
Precise control over genes results from game-changing research
The application of a new, precise way to turn genes on and off within cells is likely to lead to a better understanding of diseases and possibly to new therapies, according to UC San Francisco scientists.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institutes

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 13-Oct-2014
Journal of Cell Biology
Out-of-step cells spur muscle fibrosis in Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients
Like a marching band falling out of step, muscle cells fail to perform in unison in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Researchers reveal how this breakdown leads to the proliferation of stiff fibrotic tissue that characterizes the disease.
US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, Children's National Medical Center Board of Visitors, Muscular Dystrophy Association USA

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 13-Oct-2014
Treating cancer: UI biologists find gene that could stop tumors in their tracks
UI researchers have found a gene in a soil amoeba that can overcompensate for the specific mutations of a similar gene. In humans, those genetic mutations can often lead to tumor growth. Researchers are now looking for a separate human gene that could overcompensate for mutations in the same way.
NIH/The Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank

Contact: Brittany Borghi
University of Iowa

Public Release: 13-Oct-2014
Would you eat that doughnut if you knew you had to walk 2 miles to burn it off?
The National Institutes of Health recently awarded researchers from the UNC School of Medicine and the UNC Gillings School of Public Health more than $2 million to study the effects of physical activity food labeling on consumer food choices and exercise.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Donna Parker
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 13-Oct-2014
Cancer Research
Oral drug reduces formation of precancerous polyps in the colon, UB researchers find
Inflammatory cells in the colon, or polyps, are very common after the age of 50. The average 60-year-old has an estimated 25 percent chance of having polyps. Most polyps are benign, but some will develop into colon cancer. Now, an oral drug has successfully treated chronic, precancerous inflammation in the intestine in an animal study.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Ellen Goldbaum
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 13-Oct-2014
Cancer Cell
New cancer drug to begin trials in multiple myeloma patients
Scientists at Imperial College London have developed a new cancer drug which they plan to trial in multiple myeloma patients by the end of next year.
Medical Research Council, National Institutes of Health, Cancer Research UK

Contact: Sam Wong
Imperial College London

Public Release: 13-Oct-2014
Developmental Cell
Moderate levels of 'free radicals' found beneficial to healing wounds
Long assumed to be destructive to tissues and cells, 'free radicals' generated by the cell's mitochondria -- the energy producing structures in the cell -- are actually beneficial to healing wounds.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Kim McDonald
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 13-Oct-2014
Molecular Metabolism
Paving the way for a fructose tolerance test
A new study finds that the hormone FGF21 is a reliable predictor of fructose metabolism and could, in essence, provide the basis for a 'fructose tolerance test.'
JPB Foundation, Harvard Catalyst/Harvard Clinical and Translational Science Grants, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Oct-2014
Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association
Living near major roads may increase risk of sudden cardiac death in women
Living near a major road was associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death in women. Environmental exposure may increase heart disease risk as much as smoking, poor diet or obesity.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Karen Astle
American Heart Association

Public Release: 10-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
Charged graphene gives DNA a stage to perform molecular gymnastics
When Illinois researchers investigated a method to control how DNA moves through a tiny sequencing device, they did not know they were about to witness a display of molecular gymnastics. The researchers found that a positive charge applied to a graphene nanopore speeds up DNA movement, while a negative charge stops the DNA in its tracks. However, the DNA seemed to dance across the graphene surface, pirouetting into sequence-specific shapes they had never seen.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 10-Oct-2014
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Antiretroviral therapy benefits HIV-infected stimulant users, UCSF study shows
'Patients with HIV who use stimulants and other substances often experience difficulties with accessing antiretroviral therapy, partially due to the concerns of healthcare providers that they will not be able take their medications as directed. Findings from this study demonstrate that many stimulant users take their antiretroviral therapy at levels sufficient to avoid negative clinical outcomes. When we look at overall mortality, antiretroviral therapy leads to similar clinical benefits for both stimulant users and non-users.'
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Communication Disorders

Contact: Jeff Sheehy
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 10-Oct-2014
Big data sharing for better health
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have been awarded a $9.2 million grant to help modernize and transform how researchers share, use, find and cite biomedical datasets.
National Institutes of Health Data to Knowledge program

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Showing releases 3301-3325 out of 3776.

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