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Department of Health and Human Services

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Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3326-3350 out of 3621.

<< < 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 > >>

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Regenerative medicine approach improves muscle strength, function in leg injuries
Damaged leg muscles grew stronger and showed signs of regeneration in three out of five men whose old injuries were surgically implanted with extracellular matrix derived from pig bladder, according to a new study conducted by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine. Early findings from a human trial of the process and from animal studies were published today in Science Translational Medicine.
US Department of the Interior, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
SrikamAV@upmc.edu
412-578-9193
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Academic Pediatrics
Parents just as likely to use cell phones while driving, putting child passengers at risk
More than 75 percent said they engaged in distractions like phone use, eating or feeding a child in University of Michigan study.
Michigan Center for Advancing Safe Transportation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mary Masson
mfmasson@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
PLOS ONE
In recognizing speech sounds, the brain does not work the way a computer does
How does the brain decide whether something is correct? When it comes to the processing of spoken language the common theory has been that the brain applies a set of rules to determine which combinations of sounds are permissible. Now the work of Massachusetts General Hospital investigators supports a different explanation -- that the brain decides whether a combination of sounds is acceptable based on words that are already known.
NIH/National Institute of Deafness and Communicative Disorders

Contact: Sue McGreevey
smcgreevey@partners.org
617-724-2764
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Cell
Water-based 'engine' propels tumor cells through tight spaces in the body
Johns Hopkins researchers have discovered how cancer cells spread through extremely narrow three-dimensional spaces in the body, identifying a propulsion system based on water and charged particles.
National Science Foundatoin, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Phil Sneiderman
prs@jhu.edu
443-997-9907
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Academic Pediatrics
Coached extracurricular activities may help prevent pre-adolescent smoking and drinking
Dartmouth researchers have found that tweens (preadolescents aged 10-14) who participate in a coached team sport a few times a week or more are less likely to try smoking. Their findings on the relationship between extracurricular activity and health risk behaviors are reported in 'The relative roles of types of extracurricular activity on smoking and drinking initiation among tweens,' which was recently published in Academic Pediatrics.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Robin Dutcher
robin.Dutcher@hitchcock.org
603-653-9056
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
BMJ
Light activity every day keeps disability at bay
Pushing a shopping cart or a vacuum doesn't take a lot of effort, but enough of this sort of light physical activity every day can help people with or at risk of knee arthritis avoid developing disabilities as they age, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Erin White
ewhite@northwestern.edu
847-491-4888
Northwestern University

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
eLife
Mouse study points to potentially powerful tool for treating damaged hearts
A type of cell that builds mouse hearts can renew itself, Johns Hopkins researchers report. They say the discovery, which likely applies to such cells in humans as well, may pave the way to using them to repair hearts damaged by disease -- or even grow new heart tissue for transplantation.
Magic that Matters Fund, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund, Lundbeck Foundation, Fondation Leducq, Muscular Dystrophy Association

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Genes and Development
Damage control: Recovering from radiation and chemotherapy
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that a protein called beta-catenin plays a critical, and previously unappreciated, role in promoting recovery of stricken hematopoietic stem cells after radiation exposure.
National Institutes of Health, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Nature
Stem cell therapy regenerates heart muscle damaged from heart attacks in primates
Heart cells created from human embryonic stem cells successfully restored damaged heart muscles in monkeys. Stem-cell derived heart muscle cells infiltrated into damaged heart tissue, assembled muscle fibers and began to beat in synchrony with macaque heart cells. Scientists are working to reduce the risk of heart rhythm problems and to see if pumping action improves.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, National Health & Medical Research Council of Australia

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Child Development
Working memory differs by parents' education; effects persist into adolescence
A new longitudinal study has found that differences in working memory- the ability to hold information in your mind, think about it, and use it to guide behavior -- that exist at age 10 persist through the end of adolescence. The study also found that parents' education -- one common measure of socioeconomic status -- is related to children's performance on tasks of working memory. The researchers studied more than 300 10- through 13-year-olds over four years.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Hannah Klein
hklein@srcd.org
202-289-0320
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
Acta Neuropathologica
GWAS study ties ABCC9 anomalies, sulfonylurea exposure to HS-Aging
A genome-wide association study (GWAS) at the University of Kentucky has provided new insight into hippocampal sclerosis of aging (HS-A), a common disease affecting the elderly.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Laura Dawahare
laura.dawahare@uky.edu
University of Kentucky

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
Psychoneuroendocrinology
Chronic stress heightens vulnerability to diet-related metabolic risk
New research out of UC San Francisco is the first to demonstrate that highly stressed people who eat a lot of high-fat, high-sugar food are more prone to health risks than low-stress people who eat the same amount of unhealthy food.
National Institutes of Health, Marchionne Foundation, Institute for Integrative Health

Contact: Juliana Bunim
juliana.bunim@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
eLife
Scripps Florida scientists reveal molecular secrets behind resveratrol's health benefits
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have now identified one of the molecular pathways that resveratrol, associated with positive health effects in aging, inflammation and metabolism, uses to achieve its beneficial action. They found that resveratrol controls the body's inflammatory response as a binding partner with the estrogen receptor without stimulating estrogenic cell proliferation, good news for its potential as a model for drug design.
National Institutes of Health, Florida Department of Health, State of Florida, James & Esther King Biomedical Research Program

Contact: Eric Sauter
esauter@scripps.edu
267-337-3859
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
ACS Nano
Brain tumor cells penetrated by tiny, degradable particles carrying genetic instructions
Working together, Johns Hopkins biomedical engineers and neurosurgeons report that they have created tiny, biodegradable 'nanoparticles' able to carry DNA to brain cancer cells in mice. The team says the results of their proof of principle experiment suggest that such particles loaded with 'death genes' might one day be given to brain cancer patients during neurosurgery to selectively kill off any remaining tumor cells without damaging normal brain tissue.
NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund, Technology Development Corporation

Contact: Catherine Kolf
ckolf@jhmi.edu
443-287-2251
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
Journal of Neurotrauma
Model sheds new light on sports-related brain injuries
A new study has provided insight into the behavioral damage caused by repeated blows to the head. The research provides a foundation for scientists to better understand and potentially develop new ways to detect and prevent the repetitive sports injuries that can lead to the condition known as chronic traumatic encephalopathy.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, University of Rochester Clinical & Translational Science Institute

Contact: Mark Michaud
mark_michaud@urmc.rochester.edu
585-273-4790
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
Royal Society Interface
Molecular networks provide insights for computer security, Carnegie Mellon finds
The robust defenses that yeast cells have evolved to protect themselves from environmental threats hold lessons that can be used to design computer networks and analyze how secure they are, say computer scientists at Carnegie Mellon University.
National Institutes of Health, James S. McDonnell Foundation

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
You took the words right out of my brain
Our brain activity is more similar to that of speakers we are listening to when we can predict what they are going to say, a team of neuroscientists has found. The study provides fresh evidence on the brain's role in communication.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
mBio
Low cholesterol in immune cells tied to slow progression of HIV
People infected with HIV whose immune cells have low cholesterol levels experience much slower disease progression, even without medication, according to University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health research that could lead to new strategies to control infection. The Pitt Public Health researchers found that low cholesterol in certain cells, which is likely an inherited trait, affects the ability of the body to transmit the virus to other cells.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
mBio
Live virus implicates camels in MERS outbreak
Scientists at the Center for Infection and Immunity at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, King Saud University, and EcoHealth Alliance extracted a complete, live, infectious sample of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus from two camels in Saudi Arabia. The sample matched MERS coronavirus found in humans, indicating that the virus in camels is capable of infecting humans and that camels are a likely source of the outbreak.
King Saud University, National Institutes of Health, US Agency for International Development

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
tp2111@columbia.edu
212-305-2676
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 29-Apr-2014
Radiology
Diabetes duration and severity associated with brain atrophy
Type 2 diabetes may be associated with brain degeneration, according to a new multi-center study. The study also found that, contrary to common clinical belief, diabetes may not be directly associated with small vessel ischemic disease, where the brain does not receive enough oxygenated blood.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Linda Brooks
lbrooks@rsna.org
630-590-7762
Radiological Society of North America

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Fluorescent-based tool reveals how medical nanoparticles biodegrade in real time
For nanoparticles to deliver medicines to patients, the tiny structures must safely decompose so they can be cleared from the body after their job is done. Researchers present a unique, noninvasive method to measure that disassembly process.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, others

Contact: John Ascenzi
ascenzi@email.chop.edu
267-426-6055
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
AGA showcases its commitment to improving the pipeline of minority researchers
Showcasing its commitment to the support of underrepresented minority researchers, the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) Research Foundation is pleased to announce the 2014 AGA Investing in the Future Student Research Fellowship Award recipients.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Rachel Steigerwald
media@gastro.org
301-272-1603
American Gastroenterological Association

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
NYU Steinhardt researchers to study why male millennials risk HIV transmission
The number of new HIV infections in the United States had remained steady in recent years, but rates among urban millennial gay, bisexual, and other young men who have sex with men have steadily increased in the past decade. NYU researchers will study this population in order to better understand the reasons for this increase under a five-year, $3.1 million grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Nature
Researchers identify mechanism of cancer caused by loss of BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene function
Inherited mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 tumor suppressor genes are by far the most frequent contributors of hereditary cancer risk in the human population, often causing breast or ovarian cancer in young women of child-bearing age. Now investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center report a new mechanism by which BRCA gene loss may accelerate cancer-promoting chromosome rearrangements.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
bprescot@bidcm.harvard.edu
617-667-7306
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Nature
Overlooked cells hold keys to brain organization and disease, UCSF study shows
Scientists studying brain diseases may need to look beyond nerve cells and start paying attention to the star-shaped cells known as 'astrocytes,' because they play specialized roles in the development and maintenance of nerve circuits and may contribute to a wide range of disorders, according to a new study by UC San Francisco researchers.
NIH/National Institute for Neurological Diseases & Stroke, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
jeffrey.norris@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Showing releases 3326-3350 out of 3621.

<< < 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 > >>

     
   

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