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News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3326-3350 out of 3757.

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Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Cellular 'power grid' failure triggers abnormal heart rhythms after a heart attack
Heart attack survivors often experience dangerous heart rhythm disturbances during treatment designed to restore blood flow to the injured heart muscle, a common and confounding complication of an otherwise lifesaving intervention. Now a duo of Johns Hopkins researchers working with rat heart cells have shown that such post-heart attack arrhythmias are likely triggered by something akin to a power grid failure inside the injured cardiac cells.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
More appropriate use of cardiac stress testing with imaging could reduce health costs
In a new study recently published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center concluded that overuse of cardiac stress testing with imaging has led to rising healthcare costs and unnecessary radiation exposure to patients.
NIHNational Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Lorinda Klein
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
GW professor aims to 3-D print smart vascularized tissue
A George Washington University researcher doing pioneering work toward the goal of 3-D printing complex tissues aims to help revolutionize the way the medical field conducts transplants.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Emily Grebenstein
George Washington University

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
UCLA researchers find that drug used for another disease slows progression of Parkinson's
A new study from University of California Los Angeles found that a drug being evaluated to treat an entirely different disorder helped slow the progression of Parkinson's disease in mice.
Amicus Therapeutics, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mark Wheeler
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Human Genetics
Researchers develop reproducibility score for SNPs associated with human disease in GWAS
Dartmouth researchers have identified nine traits that are not dependent on P values to predict single nucleotide polymorphisms reproducibility in genome-wide association studies and reduce false positives.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robin Dutcher
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Journals of Gerontology: Medical Sciences
Insomnia among older adults may be tied to sleep quality, not duration
Reports of insomnia are common among the elderly, but a new study finds that sleep problems may stem from the quality of rest and other health concerns more than the overall amount of sleep that patients get.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Jann Ingmire
University of Chicago

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Benaroya Research Institute receives $2.2 million to discover biomarker that triggers allergies
Scientists at Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason recently received a $2.2 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to find a unique biomarker that initiates and drives allergies. This grant expands on previous discoveries that led to the isolation of a type of white blood cells that show up only in people with allergic disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kay Branz
Benaroya Research Institute

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
UCI to lead $8 million effort to create library of brain cell activity
UC Irvine will receive $8 million from the National Institutes of Health to establish one of six national centers dedicated to creating a database of human cellular responses that will accelerate efforts to develop new therapies for many diseases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
More deadly than Ebola: Clemson biologist fights malaria parasite
A team of molecular biologists, jointly led by Clemson University professor Jim Morris, was awarded a grant from the National Institutes of Health to identify new compounds with anti-malarial activity for a deadly parasite species that kills hundreds of thousands of people each year.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Morris
Clemson University

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
Scientists question fundamental theory about education of immune police
A fundamental theory about how our thymus educates our immune police appears to be wrong, scientists say.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Tick-borne disease research aims to develop new vaccines
A Kansas State University researcher has received a four-year $1.8 million National Institutes of Health grant to continue studying the tick-borne bacterium Ehrlichia chaffeensis.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Roman Ganta
Kansas State University

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
In a battle of brains, bigger isn't always better
It's one of those ideas that seems to make perfect sense: the bigger the brain, the more intelligent the creature. Exceptions are becoming increasingly common, yet the belief persists even among scientists. Most biologists, for example, assume that rats are smarter than mice. CSHL scientists now challenge this belief. They compared mice and rats and found very similar levels of intelligence, a result that could have powerful implications for researchers studying complex behaviors and learning.
National Institutes of Health, The Swartz Foundation

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Neuroscientists use snail research to help explain 'chemo brain'
It is estimated that as many as half of patients taking cancer drugs experience a decrease in mental sharpness. While there have been many theories, what causes 'chemo brain' has eluded scientists.
National Institutes of Health, Zilkha Family Discovery Fellowship

Contact: Robert Cahill
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Colorado pediatrician helps lead new NIH-funded research network
Glenn T. Furuta, M.D., professor of pediatrics and director of the Gastrointestinal Eosinophilic Diseases Program at Children's Hospital Colorado, will serve as the administrative director and site investigator of the Consortium of Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disease Researchers, funded by a $6.25 million NIH grant to research eosinophilic and allergic disorders and to train investigators in how to conduct clinical research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mark Couch
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Robotic surgery: More complications, higher expense for some conditions
For benign gynecologic conditions, robot-assisted surgery involves more complications during surgery and may be significantly more expensive than conventional laparoscopic surgery, according to a study by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Lucky Tran
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Clinical Psychological Science
Teenage girls are exposed to more stressors that increase depression risk
Adolescence is often a turbulent time, and it is marked by substantially increased rates of depressive symptoms, especially among girls. New research indicates that this gender difference may be the result of girls' greater exposure to stressful interpersonal events, making them more likely to ruminate, and contributing to their risk of depression. The findings are published in Clinical Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
PLOS Biology
Gluing chromosomes at the right place
A new study by Raquel Oliveira, from the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of California, Santa Cruz, now shows that the dislocation of particular DNA segments perturbs proper chromosome separation. The results of this study, published now in the open access journal PLOS Biology, raise the possibility that chromosome rearrangements involving these regions, often seen in many cancers, can induce additional errors in cell division and thereby compromise genetic stability.
Marie Curie Career Integration Grant, European Union, National Institutes of Health, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Ines Domingues
Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Large chain restaurants appear to be voluntarily reducing calories in their menu items
New research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health finds that large chain restaurants, whose core menu offerings are generally high in calories, fat and sodium, introduced newer food and beverage options that, on average, contain 60 fewer calories than their traditional menu selections in 2012 and 2013.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Susan Murrow
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Academic Medicine
Online intervention tool for physician trainees may improve care of substance users
Online learning interventions and small group debriefings can improve medical residents' attitudes and communication skills toward patients with substance use disorders, and may result in improved care for these patients, according to a new study from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and Drexel University College of Medicine published online in Academic Medicine.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Anna Duerr
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Researchers capture images of elusive protein HIV uses to infect cells
HIV is adept at eluding immune system responses because the protein it uses to infect cells is constantly changing. Now a team of researchers including scientists from Yale have stripped the cloak from this master of disguise, providing a high resolution image of this surface spike protein and monitoring how it constantly changes its shape, information that suggests new ways to attack the virus through drugs and vaccines.
National Institutes of Health, The Cancer Research Institute, China Scholarships Council, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, United States Agency for International Development

Contact: Jim Shelton
Yale University

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Patient's dramatic response and resistance to cancer drug traced to unsuspected mutations
Patients with lethal thyroid cancer experienced response for 18 months on clinical trial of everolimus. Sequencing of the tumor before and after trials yielded information on why tumor responded to and eventually resisted treatment, identifying mutations that may help guide treatment of patients with cancers with similar mutations.
Next Generation Fund at the Broad Institute, Novartis Pharmaceuticals, Starr Cancer Consortium, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Teresa Herbert
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Novel protein in heart muscle linked to cardiac short-circuiting and sudden cardiac deaths
Cardiovascular scientists at NYU Langone Medical Center have identified in mouse models a protein known as Pcp4 as a regulator of the heart's rhythm. Additionally, when the Pcp4 gene is disrupted, it can cause ventricular arrhythmias. Results from this animal study were released online Oct. 8 in the peer-reviewed publication, The Journal of Clinical Investigation.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Clair
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Oct-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
New gene therapy for 'bubble boy' disease appears effective, safe, study in NEJM reports
A new form of gene therapy for boys with X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome, a life-threatening condition also known as 'bubble boy' disease, appears to be effective and safe, a collaborative international research team from Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center and other institutions report. Early data suggest the therapy may avoid the late-developing leukemia seen in a quarter of SCID-X1 patients in pioneering gene therapy trials in Europe more than a decade ago.
National Institutes of Health, Harvard Catalyst, Boston Children's Hospital, others

Contact: Irene Sege
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
Five UCSF researchers win NIH high-risk, high-reward grants
UC San Francisco researchers received five awards announced this week by the National Institutes of Health for high-risk, high-reward scientific research projects.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
Mark Andermann, Ph.D., receives NIH New Innovator Award to study cravings and hunger
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center neuroendocrinologist Mark Andermann, Ph.D., has been awarded a prestigious Director's New Innovator Award from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders and the NIH Common Fund to study how hunger drives cravings.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Showing releases 3326-3350 out of 3757.

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