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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3326-3350 out of 3701.

<< < 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 > >>

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sound mind, strong heart: Same protein sustains both
A Roman philosopher was the first to note the relationship between a sound mind and a sound body. Now the findings of a new Johns Hopkins study reveal a possible biochemical explanation behind this ancient observation.
American Heart Association, National Institutes of Health, Magic That Matters Fund

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Lancet Oncology
FDA approved drug extends survival for patients with rare cancer
Sunitinib, an agent approved for use in several cancers, provides unprecedented antitumor activity in thymic carcinoma, a rare but aggressive tumor of the thymus gland, according to a phase II clinical trial.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Molecular Cancer Research
Potentially targetable signaling pathway generates slowly proliferating, chemo-resistant cancer cells
A signaling pathway responsible for the generation of slowly proliferating cancer cells, which are hard to eradicate with current treatments and thought to be a cause of subsequent disease relapse, has been reported in a Rapid Impact study published in Molecular Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
Stand Up To Cancer, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Susan G. Komen, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Prostate Cancer Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Council for Scientific and Technological Development in Brazil

Contact: Jeremy Moore
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Brain, Behavior and Immunity
WSU scientists find brain protein aids influenza recovery
Washington State University Spokane scientists have found a brain protein that boosts the healing power of sleep and speeds an animal's recovery from the flu. Krueger said the discovery could lead to alternative treatments for influenza and other infectious diseases, possibly by using intranasal sprays to stimulate the production of the brain protein, called AcPb.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Christopher Davis
Washington State University

Public Release: 12-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
People watching: Different brain pathways responsible for person, movement recognition
Researchers from University College London, Carnegie Mellon University and the University of California, San Diego have found that the ability to understand different movements, such as walking, skipping and jumping, engages different brain mechanisms from those that recognize who is initiating the action. Published in the Jan. 12 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the study illustrates for the first time how individuals with prosopagnosia, or face blindness, are still able to recognize other people's movements.
The Royal Society, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Wellcome Trust, Marie-Curie

Contact: Shilo Rea
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 11-Jan-2015
Black women working night shifts have an increased risk of developing diabetes
Data from a large ongoing study into the health of African-American women show that those who work night shifts are significantly more likely to develop diabetes than those who have never worked night shifts, with more years working the night shift resulting in a higher risk. Furthermore, the increased risk of diabetes seen in shift workers was more pronounced in younger women than older women. The study is published in Diabetologia.
NIH/National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Varsha Vimalananda

Public Release: 9-Jan-2015
Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology , Experimental Brain Research
Playing catch can improve balance, prevent falls in seniors
The simple training exercise of catching a weighted medicine ball can improve balance and may help prevent falls in the elderly, according to research at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
National Institutes of Health grant

Contact: Jeanne Galatzer-Levy
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 9-Jan-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Researchers uncover cellular mechanism that protects lungs during severe infections
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have discovered a novel molecular mechanism that tightens the bonds between the cells that line blood vessels to form a leak-proof barrier. The mechanism presents a potential new target to treat acute respiratory distress syndrome, an often fatal condition in which fluid leaks out of blood vessels into the lungs.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Sharon Parmet
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 9-Jan-2015
Health Behavior & Policy Review
Optimistic people have healthier hearts, study finds
Using the American Heart Association's criteria, a study of 5,000 adults found that the most optimistic people had twice the odds of being in ideal cardiovascular health as their pessimistic counterparts.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Sharita Forrest
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 9-Jan-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Alterations in fatty acid synthesis linked to sepsis inflammation
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation identifies a metabolic pathway that underlies sepsis inflammation.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 9-Jan-2015
Coupling head and neck cancer screening and lung cancer scans could improve survival
Adding head and neck cancer screenings to newly recommended lung cancer screenings would likely improve early detection and survival, according to a multidisciplinary team led by scientists affiliated with the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Lancet Respiratory Medicine
How quickly smokers metabolize nicotine may point to most effective way to quit
In a first-of-its-kind randomized clinical trial, researchers from Penn Medicine and collaborators have shown that the most-suited treatment for each smoker may depend on how quickly they metabolize the nicotine in their body after quitting.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Steve Graff
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
Insulin nasal spray shows promise as treatment for adults with dementia and Alzheimer's
A man-made form of insulin delivered by nasal spray may improve working memory and other mental capabilities in adults with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease dementia, according to a pilot study led by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.
NIH/National Institute of Aging, US Department of Veteran Affairs

Contact: Marguerite Beck
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Addictive Behaviors
Alcohol warnings from parents matter
Parenting practices and restrictions when it comes to alcohol use can make a difference with adolescent drinking, and there is considerable value to consistent and sustained parental attitudes about drinking, according to new research by a University at Buffalo psychologist.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Bert Gambini
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
Smoking, alcohol, gene variant interact to increase risk of chronic pancreatitis
Genetic mutations may link smoking and alcohol consumption to destruction of the pancreas observed in chronic pancreatitis, according to a 12-year study led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. The findings, published today in Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology, provides insight into why some people develop this painful and debilitating inflammatory condition while most heavy smokers or drinkers do not appear to suffer any problems with it.
National Institutes of Health, Conselleria de Industria e Innovación, Xunta de Galicia, Spain

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
New study findings help physicians and patients determine prostate cancer risk
A discovery by researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute shows that looking at whether a man's uncles and great-grandparents, among other second- and third-degree relatives, had prostate cancer could be as important as looking at whether his father had prostate cancer. A more complete family history would give physicians a new tool to decide whether or not a prostate-specific antigen test was appropriate.
US Department of Defense, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Huntsman Cancer Foundation

Contact: Linda Aagard
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Scientists illuminate mysterious molecular mechanism powering cells in most forms of life
A team led by structural biologists at The Scripps Research Institute has taken a big step toward understanding the intricate molecular mechanism of a metabolic enzyme produced in most forms of life on Earth. The finding concerns nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase, an ancient evolutionary enzyme that is part of a process key to maintaining healthy cells and has also recently been linked to diseases such as diabetes and cancer.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Researchers grow functional tissue-engineered intestine from human cells
A new study by researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles has shown that tissue-engineered small intestine grown from human cells replicates key aspects of a functioning human intestine.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Debra Kain
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
PLOS Pathogens
Study links common human protein to adverse parasitic worm infections
Worm infections represent a major global public health problem, leading to a variety of debilitating diseases and conditions. Scientists at the University of California, Riverside and colleagues have made a discovery that could lead to more effective diagnostic and treatment strategies for worm infections and their symptoms. The researchers found that resistin, an immune protein commonly found in human serum, instigates an inappropriate inflammatory response to worm infections, impairing the clearance of the worm.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Kathy Barton
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Nutrition intervention leads to dietary behavior changes in Latina breast cancer survivors
An intervention designed to provide Latina breast cancer survivors with the knowledge and skills needed to change and sustain dietary behaviors helps survivors adhere to recommended guidelines to eat a diet high in fruits and vegetables. Using a culturally based hands-on educational approach, the program is geared toward Latina breast cancer survivors whose are at higher risk of high obesity rates, low physical activity rates, and poorer access to quality healthcare.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Molecular Cell
To trigger energy-burning brown fat, just chill
UC Berkeley researchers found that exposure to cold increases levels of a newly discovered protein that is critical for the formation of brown fat, the type of fat in our bodies that burns energy and generates heat. Mice with increased levels of this protein gained less weight than control mice after a month of eating a high-fat diet.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah Yang
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Cell Reports
Hacking fat cells' metabolism does not affect insulin resistance
In the race to find a safe and effective weight loss drug, much attention has focused on the chemical processes that store and use energy. But a new mouse study from Johns Hopkins suggests that tweaking these processes, even in a targeted way that affects only fat cells, may not yield a silver-bullet obesity cure. The study appears in the Jan. 13 issue of Cell Reports.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Journal of General Internal Medicine
BIDMC study suggests worsening trends in headache management
Each year more than 12 million Americans visit their doctors complaining of headaches, which result in lost productivity and costs of upward of $31 billion annually. A new study by researchers from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center suggests some of that cost could be offset by physicians ordering fewer tests and an increased focus on counseling about lifestyle changes.
US Health Services and Research Administration, Harvard Catalyst, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Jerry Berger
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Jan-2015
Nature Communications
Researchers make new discoveries in key pathway for neurological diseases
A new intermediate step and unexpected enzymatic activity in a metabolic pathway in the body, which could lead to new drug design for psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases, has been discovered by researchers at Georgia State University.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 7-Jan-2015
Journal of Nutrition
Type 2 diabetes risk varies with magnesium intake, genes and ethnicity
A new study investigated the complex interactions between magnesium intake, genes and ethnicity in determining risk for type 2 diabetes in two populations of women. The specific associations yielded by the analysis illustrate how health guidance could become considerably more personalized.
National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Showing releases 3326-3350 out of 3701.

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