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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3326-3350 out of 3459.

<< < 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 > >>

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Study reinforces value of colonoscopy screening for colorectal cancer prevention
A team of researchers, including those from Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, will be reporting study findings that lend scientific backing to the recommendation that people receive a colonoscopy screening to prevent colorectal cancer. The study also provides insight on the long-debated question over how frequently most people should have colonoscopies.
National Institutes of Health, Bennett Family Fund, Entertainment Industry Foundation

Contact: Anne Doerr
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Hospital readmission rates linked with quality of surgical care
Researchers from Harvard School of Public Health found strong evidence of a relationship between surgical readmission rates and quality of surgical care.
NIH/National Cancer Institute-funded Program in Cancer Outcomes Research Train

Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Study shows colonoscopy better than sigmoidoscopy in protecting against colorectal cancer
A new study finds that colonoscopy appears to reduce the risk of developing or dying from colorectal cancer more powerfully than does sigmoidoscopy, a similar procedure that examines only a portion of the colon. The investigation also identifies molecular features that may help explain tumors that are diagnosed despite an individual's having recently undergone colonoscopy.
National Institutes of Health, Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation, Bennett Family Foundation, Entertainment Industry Fund

Contact: Katie Marquedant
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Genomic test accurately sorts viral vs. bacterial infections
A blood test developed by researchers at Duke Medicine showed more than 90 percent accuracy in distinguishing between viral and bacterial infections when tested in people with respiratory illnesses.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Sep-2013
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Study finds that a subset of children often considered to have autism may be misdiagnosed
Children with a genetic disorder called 22q11.2 deletion syndrome, who frequently are believed to also have autism, often may be misidentified because the social impairments associated with their developmental delay may mimic the features of autism, a study by researchers with the UC Davis MIND Institute suggests.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, and others

Contact: Phyllis Brown
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 17-Sep-2013
Journal of Virology
Novel vaccine approach to human cytomegalovirus found effective
An experimental vaccine against human cytomegalovirus infection, which endangers the developing fetus, organ transplant recipients, patients with HIV and others who have a weakened immune system, proved safe and more effective than previous vaccines developed to prevent infection by the ubiquitous virus.
National Institutes of Health, Margaret Deterding Infectious Disease Research Support Fund

Contact: Carole Gan
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 17-Sep-2013
Federal grant of $275,000 funds study of young adult attitudes toward flavored tobacco
Dr. Kymberle Sterling, assistant professor in the School of Public Health at Georgia State University, has received a two-year, $275,000 grant from the National Cancer Institute to study how young adult smokers perceive the risk of smoking flavored little cigars and cigarillos, which the Food and Drug Administration does not regulate.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Frances Marine
Georgia State University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2013
Predicting who will have chronic pain
Abnormalities in the structure of the brain predispose people to develop chronic pain after a lower back injury, according to new research. The findings could lead to changes in the way physicians treat patients' pain by treating it aggressively with medication early on to prevent the pain from becoming chronic. Most scientists have assumed chronic back pain stems from the injury site.
NIH/ National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2013
Cell Transplantation
Mesenchymal stem cell transplantation may heal a mother's childbirth injury
Vaginal delivery may cause injury for mothers that can lead to stress urinary incontinence. Female laboratory rats modeled with simulated childbirth injuries received injections of mesenchymal stem cells to see if the cells would home to and help repair damaged pelvic organs. The transplanted MSCs homed to the animals' spleens, suggesting that the transplanted cells could have a beneficial impact by releasing trophic factors and engrafting into the smooth muscle of the urethra and vagina.
State of Ohio, Department of Veterans Affairs, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Center for Research

Contact: Robert Miranda
Cell Transplantation Center of Excellence for Aging and Brain Repair

Public Release: 17-Sep-2013
Molecular Nutrition and Food Research
Red grapes, blueberries may enhance immune function
In an analysis of 446 compounds for their the ability to boost the innate immune system in humans, researchers discovered just two that stood out from the crowd -- the resveratrol found in red grapes and a compound called pterostilbene from blueberries.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Adrian Gombart
Oregon State University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Researchers gain insight into protective mechanisms for hearing loss
Researchers from the Eaton-Peabody Laboratories of the Massachusetts Eye and Ear and Harvard Medical School have created a new mouse model in which by expressing a gene in the inner ear hair cells -- the sensory cells that detect sound and sense balance -- protects the mice from age-related hearing loss and noise-induced hearing loss, the two most common forms of deafness.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and other Communication Disorders

Contact: Mary Leach
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Public Release: 17-Sep-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Mental fog with tamoxifen is real; URMC finds possible antidote
A team from the University of Rochester Medical Center has shown scientifically what many women report anecdotally: that the breast cancer drug tamoxifen is toxic to cells of the brain and central nervous system, producing mental fogginess similar to "chemo brain."
US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, Susan Komen Race for the Cure, Carlson Stem Cell Fund

Contact: Leslie Orr
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Sep-2013
Journal of Comparative Neurology
10-year project redraws the map of bird brains
Pursuing their interests in using the brains of birds as a model for the human brain, an international team of researchers led by Duke neuroscientist Erich Jarvis and his collaborators Chun-Chun Chen and Kazuhiro Wada have just completed a mapping of the bird brain based on a 10-year exploration of the tiny cerebrums of eight species of birds.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Human Frontiers in Science, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 16-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
MicroRNA molecule found to be a potent tumor-suppressor in lung cancer
New research shows that microRNA-486 is a potent tumor-suppressor molecule in lung cancer, and that the it helps regulate the proliferation and migration of lung-cancer cells, and the induction of programmed cell death, or apoptosis, in those cells.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Darrell E. Ward
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Sep-2013
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Immune system marker tied to improved bone marrow transplant outcomes
The risk of death following bone marrow transplantation can be reduced about 60 percent using a new technique to identify bone marrow donors who make the most potent cancer-fighting immune cells, according to research from St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.
National Institutes of Health, Assisi Foundation of Memphis, American-Lebanese-Syrian Associated Charities

Contact: Summer Freeman
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 16-Sep-2013
Nature Genetics
Rare gene variant linked to macular degeneration
An international team of researchers, led by scientists at The Genome Institute at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the University of Michigan School of Public Health in Ann Arbor, have identified a gene mutation linked to age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of blindness in Americans over age 50.
National Institutes of Health, Medical Research Council, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Alcon Research Institute

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 16-Sep-2013
Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
'Vicious cycle' shields, spreads cancer cells
A "vicious cycle" produces mucus that protects uterine and pancreatic cancer cells and promotes their proliferation, according to research at Rice University.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Sep-2013
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Yale researchers see decline in hospitalizations for serious heart infection
Hospitalizations for endocarditis, a deadly heart infection that disproportionately affects older heart patients, have declined in recent years despite recommendations for limited use of antibiotics to prevent the illness. These findings were recently published by Yale School of Medicine researchers in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Children's Cardiomyopathy Foundation

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 16-Sep-2013
NIH awards $2 million for engineering approach to understanding lymphedema
The National Institutes of Health has awarded Georgia Tech a $2 million research grant to unravel the mechanical forces at play in lymphedema, a poorly understood disease with no cure and little hope for sufferers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Brett Israel
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Sep-2013
Brain injury studies aim for new treatment targets
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences has awarded a five-year, $1.5 million grant extension to Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health to fund research into the function of a biomarker for brain injury called Translocator Protein 18 kDa, better known as TSPO, in order to better understand its function in brain injury and inflammation and discover targets for therapy.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 16-Sep-2013
ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Scientists create extremely potent and improved derivatives of successful anticancer drug
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have found a way to make dramatic improvements to the cancer cell-killing power of vinblastine, one of the most successful chemotherapy drugs of the past few decades. The team's modified versions of vinblastine showed 10 to 200 times greater potency than the clinical drug.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 16-Sep-2013
Journal of Hospital Medicine
Hospital study finds connection between dementia, delirium and declining health
More than half of all patients with pre-existing dementia will experience delirium while hospitalized. Failing to detect and treat their delirium early leads to a faster decline of both their physical and mental health, according to health researchers.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Victoria M. Indivero
Penn State

Public Release: 16-Sep-2013
Cell Host & Microbe
Tufts researchers identify how Yersinia spreads within infected organs
Researchers at Tufts have identified how one type of bacteria, Yersinia, immobilizes the immune system in order to grow in the organ tissues of mice. To do so, the researchers extended the use of a technique and suggest that it could be used to study other bacteria that use the same or similar means of infection.
NIH/National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Siobhan Gallagher
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 16-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Biologists develop new method for discovering antibiotics
Biologists at the University of California, San Diego have developed a revolutionary new method for identifying and characterizing antibiotics, an advance that could lead to the discovery of new antibiotics to treat antibiotic resistant bacteria.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kim McDonald
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 16-Sep-2013
Lancet Oncology
Lifestyle changes may lengthen telomeres, a measure of cell aging
A small pilot study shows for the first time that changes in diet, exercise, stress management and social support may result in longer telomeres, the parts of chromosomes that affect aging.
US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Elizabeth Fernandez
University of California - San Francisco

Showing releases 3326-3350 out of 3459.

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