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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3326-3350 out of 3602.

<< < 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 > >>

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
How size splits cells
Contrary to previous findings suggesting a protein measures cell length, a different protein is found to measure the cell's surface area.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Zoe Dunford
Norwich BioScience Institutes

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
UT Southwestern cancer biologists link tumor suppressor gene to stem cells
Just as archeologists try to decipher ancient tablets to discern their meaning, UT Southwestern Medical Center cancer biologists are working to decode the purpose of an ancient gene considered one of the most important in cancer research.
Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, Ellison Foundation, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Welch Foundation

Contact: Patrick McGee
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
Journal of Experimental Biology
Canal between ears helps alligators pinpoint sound
Alligators can accurately pinpoint the source of sounds. But it wasn't clear exactly how they did it because they lack external auditory structures. A new study shows that the alligator's ear is strongly directional because of large, air-filled channels connecting the two middle ears. This configuration is similar in birds, which have an interaural canal that increases directionality.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Danish National Science Foundation, Carlsberg Foundation

Contact: Heather Dewar
University of Maryland

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
Journal of School Health
Study finds secret to cutting sugary drink use by teens
A new study shows that teenagers can be persuaded to cut back on sugary soft drinks -- especially with a little help from their friends.
NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Laureen Smith
Ohio State University

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Cereal flake size influences calorie intake
People eat more breakfast cereal, by weight, when flake size is reduced, according to Penn State researchers, who showed that when flakes are reduced by crushing, people pour a smaller volume of cereal into their bowls, but still take a greater amount by weight and calories.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
Pitt study examines benefits of depression treatment for heart failure patients
Can treating depression in patients with heart failure help them live longer? That's one of the questions that University of Pittsburgh researchers hope to answer with a new five-year, $7.3 million grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rick Pietzak
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Penn Dental Medicine-NIH team reverses bone loss in immune disorder
Patients with leukocyte adhesion deficiency, or LAD, suffer from frequent bacterial infections, including the severe gum disease known as periodontitis. These patients often lose their teeth early in life. New research by University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine researchers, teaming with investigators from the National Institutes of Health, has demonstrated a method of reversing this bone loss and inflammation.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, European Research Council, US Public Health Service

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
Society of Interventional Radiology 39th Annual Scientific Meeting
3-D MRI scans may offer better way to predict survival after chemo for liver tumors
In a series of studies involving 140 American men and women with liver tumors, researchers at Johns Hopkins have used specialized 3-D MRI scans to precisely measure living and dying tumor tissue to quickly show whether highly toxic chemotherapy -- delivered directly through a tumor's blood supply -- is working.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Some breast cancer tumors hijack patient epigenetic machinery to evade drug therapy
A breast cancer therapy that blocks estrogen synthesis to activate cancer-killing genes sometimes loses its effectiveness because the cancer takes over epigenetic mechanisms, including permanent DNA modifications in the patient's tumor, once again allowing tumor growth, according to an international team headed by the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute.
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, Susan G. Komen Foundation

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
Gut metabolism changes -- not stomach size -- linked to success of vertical sleeve gastrectomy
It's not the size of the stomach that causes weight loss after a specific type of bariatric surgery, but rather a change in the gut metabolism, say researchers from the University of Cincinnati, the University of Gothenburg in Sweden and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.
National Institutes of Health, Ethicon Endo-Surger, Novo Nordisk, and others

Contact: Dama Ewbank
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
Bamboo-loving giant pandas also have a sweet tooth
Despite the popular conception of giant pandas as continually chomping on bamboo to fulfill a voracious appetite for this reedy grass, new research from the Monell Center reveals that this highly endangered species also has a sweet tooth. A combination of behavioral and molecular genetic studies demonstrated that the giant panda both possesses functional sweet taste receptors and also shows a strong preference for some natural sweeteners, including fructose and sucrose.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Leslie Stein
Monell Chemical Senses Center

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
New drug successfully treats crizotinib-resistant, ALK-positive lung cancer
Now a new drug called ceritinib appears to be effective against advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, both in tumors that have become resistant to crizotinib and in those never treated with the older drug.
Novartis, NIH/National Cancer Institute, V Foundation for Cancer Research, Be a Piece of the Solution, Evan Spirito Memorial Founndation

Contact: Katie Marquedant
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Model predicts blood glucose levels 30 minutes later
A mathematical model created by Penn State researchers can predict with more than 90 percent accuracy the blood glucose levels of individuals with type 1 diabetes up to 30 minutes in advance of imminent changes in their levels -- plenty of time to take preventative action.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sensing gravity with acid
While probing how organisms sense gravity and acceleration, scientists at the Marine Biological Laboratory and the University of Utah uncovered evidence that acid (proton concentration) plays a key role in communication between neurons. The surprising discovery is reported this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Diana Kenney
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Haynes is first to identify cellular patterns of contraction in human hearts
Premi Haynes, a physiology Ph.D. candidate in the Campbell Muscle Lab at the University of Kentucky, has documented the different cellular patterns and mechanical functions in contractions of the human heart. The findings indicate possible therapeutic targets for treatment of disease and heart failure.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mallory Powell
University of Kentucky

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Brain differences in college-aged occasional drug users
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered impaired neuronal activity in the parts of the brain associated with anticipatory functioning among occasional 18- to 24-year-old users of stimulant drugs, such as cocaine, amphetamines and prescription drugs such as Adderall.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
The search is on for a hepatitis B drug, thanks to a million dollars in NIH grants to SLU
Two grants from the National Institutes of Health will allow Saint Louis University researchers to build on breakthroughs in understanding the hepatitis B virus and begin the search for a drug to cure -- not just halt -- the illness.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Carrie Bebermeyer
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Comparative Neurology
USF study: Blood-brain barrier repair after stroke may prevent chronic brain deficits
Following ischemic stroke, the integrity of the blood-brain barrier, which prevents harmful substances such as inflammatory molecules from entering the brain, can be impaired in cerebral areas distant from initial ischemic insult. This disruptive condition, known as diaschisis, can lead to chronic post-stroke deficits, University of South Florida researchers report in a recent issue of the Journal of Comparative Neurology.
National Institutes of Health, James and Esther King Biomedical Research Program

Contact: Anne DeLotto Baier
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Chemical Biology
MRI reveals genetic activity
New MIT technique could help decipher genes' roles in learning and memory.
Raymond & Beverly Sackler Foundation, National Institutes of Health, MIT-Germany Seed Fund

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Twenty-five percent of breast cancer survivors report financial decline due to treatment
Four years after being treated for breast cancer, a quarter of survivors say they are worse off financially, at least partly because of their treatment, according to a new study led by University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Advanced Healthcare Materials
Catheter innovation destroys dangerous biofilms
Duke University engineers have developed a new design that could help eliminate the threat of infection from millions of urinary catheters. The dual-channel design uses a mechanical method to uproot biofilms from their moorings so that they can easily be flushed away.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Mentally challenging jobs may keep your mind sharp long after retirement
A mentally demanding job may stress you out today but can provide important benefits after you retire, according to a new study.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, US Social Security Administration

Contact: Diane Swanbrow
University of Michigan

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
EEG study shows how brain infers structure, rules when learning
A new study documents the brain activity underlying our strong tendency to infer a structure of context and rules when learning new tasks (even when a structure isn't valid). The findings, which revealed individual differences, shows how we try to apply task knowledge to similar situations and could inform future research on learning disabilities.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Cell Host & Microbe
Research study takes deeper look at the role of gut microbes in the immune system
New research suggests that gut microorganisms do not merely influence immune cell function, but also support the production of immune cells that form the first line of defense against infection. By understanding the mechanisms responsible for maintaining and replacing immune cells, researchers hope to one day develop targeted therapies to support and boost immune function in humans.
National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Cedars-Sinai Regenerative Medicine Institute

Contact: Cara Martinez
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
New discovery finds missing hormone in birds
How does the Arctic tern (a sea bird) fly more than 80,000 miles in its roundtrip North Pole-to-South Pole migration? How does the Emperor penguin incubate eggs for months during the Antarctic winter without eating? These physiological gymnastics would usually be influenced by leptin, the hormone that regulates body fat storage, metabolism and appetite. However, leptin has gone missing in birds -- until now.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Denise Henry
University of Akron

Showing releases 3326-3350 out of 3602.

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