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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3326-3350 out of 3431.

<< < 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 > >>

Public Release: 13-Aug-2013
University of Louisville Diabetes & Obesity Center wins second multimillion-dollar COBRE grant
A center created with a five-year National Institutes of Health grant at the University of Louisville in 2008 has won its second five-year grant. The NIH's National Institute of General Medical Sciences has awarded an $11.25 million "Center of Biomedical Research Excellence" grant to UofL's Diabetes and Obesity Center.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Jill Scoggins
University of Louisville

Public Release: 13-Aug-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Newly discovered 'switch' plays dual role in memory formation
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have uncovered a protein switch that can either increase or decrease memory-building activity in brain cells, depending on the signals it detects. Its dual role means the protein is key to understanding the complex network of signals that shapes our brain's circuitry, the researchers say. A description of their discovery appears in the July 31 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 13-Aug-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Brain scans may help diagnose dyslexia
MIT study shows that differences in a key language structure can be seen even before children start learning to read.
National Institutes of Health, Poitras Center for Affective Disorders Research, Ellison Medical Foundation & Halis Family Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Aug-2013
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
DHA-enriched formula in infancy linked to positive cognitive outcomes in childhood
While the effect of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in infant formula on children's cognitive development may not always be evident on standardized developmental tasks at 18 months, significant effects may emerge later on more specific or fine-grained tasks.
National Institutes of Health, Mead Johnson Nutrition

Contact: Karen Salisbury Henry
University of Kansas

Public Release: 13-Aug-2013
Nature Communications
Sugar is toxic to mice in 'safe' doses
When mice ate a diet of 25 percent extra sugar -- the mouse equivalent of a healthy human diet plus three cans of soda daily -- females died at twice the normal rate and males were a quarter less likely to hold territory and reproduce, according to a toxicity test developed at the University of Utah.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Annalisa Purser
University of Utah

Public Release: 13-Aug-2013
2013 American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
More siblings means less chance of divorce as adult
Growing up with siblings may provide some protection against divorce as an adult, a new nationwide study reveals.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Jeff Grabmeier
Ohio State University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Developmental Cell
Multi-disciplinary Penn research identifies protein required for cell movement
A new multi-disciplinary study by University of Pennsylvania researchers has now illuminated a crucial step in the process of cell movement. The protein they examined, Exo70, induces a reshaping of the cell's plasma membrane, a necessary step in how a cell migrates from one location to another.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Development and Psychopathology
Study finds that some depressed adolescents are at higher risk for developing anxiety
Some adolescents who suffer with depression also may be at risk for developing anxiety, says psychologist Chrystyna Kouros, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, who led a new study of children's mental health. The study found that among youth who have depression symptoms, the possibility they'll also develop anxiety is greatest for those who have a pessimistic outlook, mothers with a history of anxiety, or poor family relationships. The findings suggest early intervention treatment.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, William T. Grant Foundation

Contact: Margaret Allen
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Lampreys provide hints to ancient immune cells
Lampreys have immune cells that resemble gamma delta T cells from mammals, birds and fish, researchers have found. This has implications for the evolution of the vertebrate immune system.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Stem Cells
There's life after radiation for brain cells
Scientists have long believed that healthy brain cells, once damaged by radiation designed to kill brain tumors, cannot regenerate. But new Johns Hopkins research in mice suggests that neural stem cells, the body's source of new brain cells, are resistant to radiation, and can be roused from a hibernation-like state to reproduce and generate new cells able to migrate, replace injured cells and potentially restore lost function.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Quality of Life Research
Perception of fertility affects quality of life in young, female cancer survivors
A recently published CU Cancer Center study shows that beyond the fact of fertility, a young woman's perception of fertility based on regular menstrual cycles after cancer treatment affects her quality of life long after treatment ends.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Garth Sundem
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Cell Stem Cell
Why early pregnancy conferes breast cancer protection
Harvard Stem Cell Institute researchers discover why breast cancer is less likely in women with pregnancy in early to mid-20s. Now testing screening test for breast cancer risk.
National Institutes of Health, and others

Contact: B. D. Colen
Harvard University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Nature Biotechnology
Scientists develop method that ensures safe research on deadly flu viruses
The strategy will enable healthy molecules in human lung cells to latch on to these viruses and cut the bugs up before they have a chance to infect the human host.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Mount Sinai Press Office
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Illinois researchers advance understanding of schistosome reproduction
University of Illinois researchers, including Institute for Genomic Biology Fellow Bo Wang, Professor of Cell and Developmental Biology Phil Newmark, and Department of Cell and Developmental Biology postdoctoral researcher James Collins are studying the unique mechanisms that allow schistosomes' germinal cells to create thousands of clonal larvae that can then infect humans.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Yerkes Research Center receives 5-year, $9.5 million grant to study oxytocin
The Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, has received a five-year, $9.5 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to establish a Silvio O. Conte Center in Neuroscience Research to study oxytocin, a brain chemical known for forming bonds between mother and baby.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Lisa Newbern
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Obesity and mortality association differs between individuals with and without diabetes
The relationship between body mass index and mortality appears to be stronger in adults without diabetes than those with existing diabetes. These findings are published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine in a study by Chandra Jackson of the Harvard School of Public Health and colleagues. The researchers suggest that studies on body weight and mortality should take into account the impact of diabetes status in the population.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, TREC

Contact: Renate Bayaz

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Oprah's and Einstein's faces help spot dementia
Simple tests that measure the ability to recognize and name famous people such as Albert Einstein, Bill Gates or Oprah Winfrey may help doctors identify early dementia in those 40 to 65 years old. Current tests exist but are outdated. These famous faces were chosen for their relevance to individuals under age 65, so that the test may diagnose dementia in younger people.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Hypertension: Journal of the American Heart Association
Your eyes may hold clues to stroke risk
Photographing the retina may help detect which high blood pressure patients are more likely to have a stroke. Retinal imaging may be an inexpensive and non-invasive way to assess risk.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Karen Astle
American Heart Association

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Electrical signatures of consciousness in the dying brain
About 20 percent of cardiac arrest survivors report having a near death experience with vivid, lucid visions and perceptions, but are the experiences real? Work by the U-M suggests the dying brain is capable of well-organized electrical activity during the early stages of clinical death. The study in PNAS provides the first scientific framework for the near-death experience.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Shantell M. Kirkendoll
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 12-Aug-2013
Cancer Cell
Estrogen enhancers tied to aggressive breast cancer
Adding to the picture of what prompts breast cancers to form, researchers from the Cancer Therapy & Research Center at The University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio today announced that "distant estrogen response elements" can act independently of oncogenes to spur tumor development.
National Institutes of Health, Cancer Therapy and Research Center Foundation, Max & Minnie Tomerlin Voelcker Fund

Contact: Elizabeth Allen
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 11-Aug-2013
Nature Genetics
Progress made in linking some forms of epilepsy to genetics
Some patients with a rare disorder called epilepsy aphasia have mutations in the same gene, GRIN2A. Epilepsy aphasia disorders are characterized by seizures and speech abnormalities.
National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome, National Health, Australia & New Zealand Medical Research Councils

Contact: Bobbi Nodell
University of Washington

Public Release: 11-Aug-2013
Nature Neuroscience
Neuroscientists identify protein linked to Alzheimer's-like afflictions
A team of neuroscientists has identified a modification to a protein in laboratory mice linked to conditions associated with Alzheimer's disease. Their findings also point to a potential therapeutic intervention for alleviating memory-related disorders.
National Institutes of Health, Alzheimer's Association

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 11-Aug-2013
Nature Neuroscience
Genetic mutations linked to Parkinson's disease
Researchers have discovered how genetic mutations linked to Parkinson's disease might play a key role in the death of brain cells, potentially paving the way for the development of more effective drug treatments. In the new study, published in Nature Neuroscience, a team of researchers showed how defects in the Parkinson's gene Fbxo7 cause problems with "mitaphagy" -- an essential process through which our bodies are able to get rid of damaged cells.
Wellcome Trust, Medical Research Council, NIH/National Institute for Health Research

Contact: David Weston
University College London

Public Release: 11-Aug-2013
Study to investigate mental health care for prisoners
An ongoing collaboration between Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistryand other collaborators, has received funding in the region of 2 million from the National Institute for Health Research Programme Grants for Applied Research to carry out a five-year program investigating the issues faced by prisoners with mental health problems near to and after release, and to develop and evaluate a system of care to address those issues.
NIH/National Institute for Health Research

Contact: Andrew Gould
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 11-Aug-2013
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Rethinking 'The Code'
A decade ago, gene expression seemed so straightforward: Genes were either switched on or off. Not both. Then in 2006, a blockbuster finding reported that developmentally regulated genes in mouse embryonic stem cells can have marks associated with both active and repressed genes, and that such genes, which were referred to as "bivalently marked genes," can be committed to one way or another during development and differentiation.
Stowers Institute for Medical Research, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Gina Kirchweger
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Showing releases 3326-3350 out of 3431.

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