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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3326-3350 out of 3538.

<< < 129 | 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 > >>

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
U-M tinnitus discovery opens door to possible new treatment avenues
For tens of millions of Americans, a diagnosis of tinnitus means there's no such thing as the sound of silence. Now, new scientific findings may help explain what is going on inside these unquiet ears and brains.
National Institutes of Health, Coulter Translational Research Partnership

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Research shows how household dogs protect against asthma and infection
Children's risk for developing allergies and asthma is reduced when they are exposed in early infancy to a dog in the household, and now researchers have discovered a reason why.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
American Journal of Gastroenterology
Spurred by food allergies, 2 esophagus conditions stump doctors
Researchers at the UNC School of Medicine found that two on-the-rise esophagus conditions are so similar that even a biopsy is not enough to distinguish one disease from the other.
National Institutes of Health, American College of Gastroenterology

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Mind, Brain and Education
Bedtime for toddlers: Timing is everything, says CU-Boulder study
The bedtime you select for your toddler may be out of sync with his or her internal body clock, which can contribute to difficulties for youngsters attempting to settle in for the night, according to a new University of Colorado Boulder study.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Monique LeBourgeois
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
IU cancer researchers: Retinoblastoma dysfunction promotes pancreatic cancer cell growth
Indiana University cancer researchers have discovered that a protein that normally suppresses tumors actually promotes the growth and spread of pancreatic cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Schug
Indiana University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Researchers discover how a protein complex revs up T cell activation to fight infections
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have identified a protein complex that is essential for jumpstarting the immune response during the critical first 24 hours of an infection. The research appears in the current issue of the scientific journal Immunity. Researchers showed the protein complex mTORC1 helps to ensure that newly activated T cells have the energy necessary to launch proliferation. T cells are white blood cells that fight disease and promote immune system balance.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
PLOS Pathogens
WSU scientists find burglary-ring-like mechanism in lethal 'Contagion' virus
A team of scientists from Washington State University has discovered how one of the planet's most deadly known viruses employs burglary-ring-like teamwork to infiltrate the human cell. Nipah virus is so menacing that the nation's top infectious disease experts served as consultants in the filmmaking of the 2011 medical thriller, "Contagion," which is based on a global Nipah outbreak.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Hector Aguilar-Carreno
Washington State University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Nature Genetics
Penn-led team reduces toxicity associated with Lou Gehrig's disease in animal models
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, better known as Lou Gehrig's disease, is a devastating illness that gradually robs sufferers of muscle strength and eventually causes a lethal, full-body paralysis. Working with a powerful fruit fly model of the disease, University of Pennsylvania researchers and colleagues reduced disease toxicity and slowed the dysfunction of neurons. Their discoveries offer the possibility of a new strategy for treating ALS.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Packard Center for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, and others

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
International Journal of General Medicine
Regenstrief and IU investigators identify first biomarker linked to delirium duration
Researchers from the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University Center for Aging Research have identified the first biomarker that appears to be linked to the duration of delirium. This novel role for S100-beta as a biomarker for delirium duration in critically ill patients may have important implications for refining future delirium treatment in intensive care unit patients.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Indiana University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Health care costs steadily increase with body mass
According to a study published in the journal Obesity, health care costs increase in parallel with body mass measurements, even beginning at a recommended healthy weight.
Centers for Disease Control, NIH/National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

Contact: Rachel Harrison
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai garners $6 million NIH grant for concussion research
The Brain Injury Research Center of Mount Sinai has received a four-year, $6 million grant to study traumatic brain injuries in civilians.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sid Dinsay
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Nature Immunology
Scientists identify molecular biomarkers of vaccine immunity
Scientists at Emory Vaccine Center have taken an important step toward making a "vaccine gene chip," by comparing the molecular signatures induced by five very different vaccines in the immune systems of human volunteers.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Georgia Research Alliance

Contact: Holly Korschun
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics
Life's not a squeeze for pregnant women
Despite their changed body size, pregnant women are just as good as other people at judging whether they are able to fit through openings, such as doorways, or not. This is thanks to a process called perceptual-motor recalibration that helps people to adjust their spatial awareness of their environment based on changes in their body's size and abilities, say researchers in the US. Their study is published in Springer's journal Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics.
NIH/National Institute of Health and Human Development

Contact: Franziska Hornig

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Journal of Children's Services
5 effective parenting programs to reduce problem behaviors in children
University of Washington researchers evaluated about 20 parenting programs and found five that are especially effective at helping parents and children at all risk levels avoid adolescent behavior problems that affect not only individuals, but entire communities.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Molly McElroy
University of Washington

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Gene variant exacerbates inflammatory arthritis in mice
University of Utah researchers have discovered a naturally occurring genetic variation in mice that predisposes carriers toward developing severe, inflammatory arthritis.
National Institutes of Health, Arthritis Foundation

Contact: Julie Kiefer
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Wake Forest Baptist researchers study alcohol addiction using optogenetics
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center researchers are gaining a better understanding of the neurochemical basis of addiction with a new technology called optogenetics.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bonnie Davis
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
JAMA Internal Medicine
Physicians who prefer hospice care for themselves more likely to discuss it with patients
Although the vast majority of physicians participating in a multiregional study indicated that they would personally enroll in hospice care if they received a terminal cancer diagnosis, less than one-third would discuss hospice care early in the course of treating a terminally ill cancer patient.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, US Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Kristen Chadwick
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Journal of General Physiology
Tweaking energy consumption to combat muscle wasting and obesity
Using a new technique to evaluate working muscles in mice, researchers have uncovered physiological mechanisms that could lead to new strategies for combating metabolism-related disorders like muscle wasting and obesity.
National Institutes of Health, VA Merit Review Program, Carver Trust, Fraternal Order of Eagles

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Schizophrenia Bulletin
Heavy marijuana users have abnormal brain structure and poor memory
Teens who were heavy marijuana users had abnormal changes in their brains related to memory and performed poorly on memory tasks, reports a new study. The brain abnormalities and memory problems were observed in the subjects' early twenties, two years after they stopped smoking marijuana, possibly indicating long-term effects. Memory-related structures in their brains appeared to shrink. The younger drug abuse starts, the more abnormal the brain appeared. The marijuana-related brain abnormalities look similar to schizophrenia-related brain abnormalities.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Vanderbilt study: Ancient chemical bond may aid cancer therapy
A chemical bond discovered by Vanderbilt University scientists that is essential for animal life and which hastened the 'dawn of the animal kingdom' could lead to new therapies for cancer and other diseases.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
A mouse model to evaluate potential age-promoting compounds
Recently, a mouse strain (p16LUC mice) was developed that can be used to evaluate the transcription of p16INK4, which is increasingly expressed during aging and in age-associated diseases. In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Norman Sharpless and colleagues at the University of North Carolina evaluated potential age-promoting compounds, including arsenic, a high-fat diet, UV light, and cigarette smoke in p16LUC mice.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 15-Dec-2013
Nature Medicine
Pitt study: Lung lesions of TB variable, independent whether infection is active or latent
The lung lesions in an individual infected with tuberculosis are surprisingly variable and independent of each other, despite whether the patient has clinically active or latent disease, according to a new animal study led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. The findings, published online today in Nature Medicine, could point the way to new vaccines to prevent the hard-to-treat infection.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Otis Childs Trust, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Burroughs Wellcome Foundation, and others

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 13-Dec-2013
Journal of Biological Chemistry
UI researcher studies evolution on the molecular level
UI researchers describe the evolution of various forms of the enzyme "dihydrofolate reductase" as it occurred from bacteria to humans. Their paper, which appears in the Dec. 13 issue of the Journal of Biological Chemistry, may prove useful to scientists in the design of future drugs and catalysts.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gary Galluzzo
University of Iowa

Public Release: 13-Dec-2013
UTHealth named one of nation's NIH stroke network centers
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston has been named one of 25 regional stroke centers by the National Institutes of Health and the only one in Texas.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Deborah Lake
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston

Public Release: 13-Dec-2013
Nature Neuroscience
No 2 people smell the same
With about 400 odor receptors in the human nose, and more than 900,000 variations on the genes that build those receptors, it would appear that no two humans smell things the same way. Between any two individuals, they may vary by at least 30 percent in the population of receptors they have, according to a Duke University team led by Hiroaki Matsunami.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
Duke University

Showing releases 3326-3350 out of 3538.

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