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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3466.

<< < 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 > >>

Public Release: 3-Oct-2013
Science
Analysis of little-explored regions of genome reveals dozens of potential cancer triggers
A massive data analysis of natural genetic variants in humans and variants in cancer tumors has implicated dozens of mutations in the development of breast and prostate cancer, a Yale-led team has found. The newly discovered mutations are in regions of DNA that do not code for proteins but instead influence activity of other genes. These areas represent an unexplored world that will allow researchers and doctors to gain new insight into the causes and treatment of cancer, said the scientists.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bill Hathaway
william.hathaway@yale.edu
203-432-1322
Yale University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2013
NIH awards grant for new NYU step program created to bolster biomedical research training
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a five-year grant to Keith J. Micoli, postdoctoral program director, NYU School of Medicine, Sackler Institute of Graduate Biomedical Sciences, and Carol Shoshkes Reiss, professor, Departments of Biology and Neural Science at NYU, to enhance the training of biomedical graduate students and postdoctoral scholars to prepare them for a wide range of careers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2013
VCU receives federal grant to study genetic markers that may predict chronic depression
Virginia Commonwealth University has received a $3 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to study key molecular markers found in DNA that predict chronic depression.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Cassie Williams Jones
cwjones@vcu.edu
804-828-7028
Virginia Commonwealth University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2013
Erectile dysfunction drugs may prevent colon cancer
Erectile dysfunction drugs may be able to help prevent or even treat colon cancer, researchers say.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@gru.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2013
Scientific Reports
New method allows quantitative nanoscopic imaging through silicon
A team of scientists from The University of Texas at Arlington and MIT has figured out how to quantitatively observe cellular processes taking place on so-called "lab on a chip" devices in a silicon environment. The new technology, which is published in Nature's online journal Scientific Reports, will be useful in drug development as well as disease diagnosis, researchers say.
NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Contact: Traci Peterson
tpeterso@uta.edu
817-521-5494
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 2-Oct-2013
CWRU researchers probe brain implant failure and countermeasure
A team of researchers led by Case Western Reserve University has received a $1.8 million National Institutes of Health grant to investigate why brain implants fail, and to test a drug that may prevent such failure.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-368-4442
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2013
Researchers launch first-ever phase II safety study of rectal microbicide to prevent HIV
Taking an important step toward the development of a product to prevent HIV infections associated with unprotected anal sex, researchers today announced the launch of a global Phase II clinical trial of a potential rectal microbicide. The trial, led by the US National Institutes of Health-funded Microbicide Trials Network, is testing the rectal use of a reduced glycerin gel formulation of the antiretroviral drug tenofovir.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Clare Collins
collcx@upmc.edu
412-641-7299
Microbicide Trials Network

Public Release: 2-Oct-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Long-term cognitive impairment too common after critical illness
Patients treated in intensive care units across the globe are entering their medical care with no evidence of cognitive impairment but oftentimes leaving with deficits similar to those seen in patients with traumatic brain injury or mild Alzheimer's disease that persists for at least a year, according to a Vanderbilt study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.
National Institutes of Health, Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Centers

Contact: Craig Boerner
craig.boerner@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 2-Oct-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Newly identified biomarkers help predict outcome in deadly lung disease
A Yale-led study has identified a gene expression profile that can predict outcomes and lead to better treatment for one of the most lethal lung diseases, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. The study appears in Science Translational Medicine.
NIH/ National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Helen Dodson
helen.dodson@yale.edu
203-436-3984
Yale University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2013
Nature
Scientists find insect DEET receptors, develop safe alternatives to DEET
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have identified (1) DEET-detecting olfactory receptors in insects that cause repellency and (2) three safe compounds that mimic DEET and could one day be used to prevent the transmission of deadly vector-borne diseases. Until now, no one had a clue about which olfactory receptor insects used to avoid DEET. Without the receptors, it was impossible to apply modern technology to design new repellents to improve upon DEET.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 1-Oct-2013
Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Cocaine use can make otherwise resistant immune cells susceptible to HIV
Cocaine makes otherwise resistant immune cells susceptible to infection with HIV, causing both significant infection and new production of the virus.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Enrique Rivero
erivero@mednet.ucla.edu
310-794-2273
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 1-Oct-2013
UW-Madison researchers put grant review process under microscope
The National Institutes of Health's system for selecting research projects may be considered the gold standard for equitably awarding funding, but that hasn't kept the agency from dispatching three University of Wisconsin -- Madison professors to probe the system for bias.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Molly Carnes
mlcarnes@wisc.edu
608-263-9770
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 1-Oct-2013
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Lactation may be linked to aggressive cancer in Mexican women
A study led by the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and recently published online by Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, indicates that women of Mexican descent may not fit that profile. In fact, results suggest that women of Mexican descent with more children and those who breastfeed are more likely to be diagnosed with an aggressive form of breast cancer.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Avon Foundation, Susan G. Komen for the Cure

Contact: Yadira Galindo
ygalindo@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 1-Oct-2013
Human Molecular Genetics
New genetic discovery could reduce the guesswork in drug dosing
The discovery of genetic differences affecting up to a third of the population could take the guesswork out of prescribing the correct dose of 25 percent of drugs currently on the market, researchers say.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Wolfgang Sadee
wolfgang.sadee@osumc.edu
614-292-1597
Ohio State University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2013
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Renal risk index: A clinical tool to predict the risk of end-stage renal disease
Researchers created and validated a risk score called renal risk index based upon the liver transplant recipient's characteristics at the time of transplant to predict the post- transplant end-stage renal disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mary Masson
mfmasson@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 1-Oct-2013
eLife
Researchers identify traffic cop for meiosis--with implications for fertility and birth defects
Researchers at NYU and the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research have identified the mechanism that plays "traffic cop" in meiosis -- the process of cell division required in reproduction. Their findings shed new light on fertility and may lead to greater understanding of the factors that lead to birth defects.
National Institutes of Health, Alexander and Margaret Stewart Trust

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2013
Nature Chemistry
Scripps Florida scientists develop new process to create artificial cell membranes
Understanding the myriad biochemical roles of membranes requires the ability to prepare synthetic versions of these complex multi-layered structures, which has been a long-standing challenge. Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute report a highly programmable and controlled platform for preparing and experimentally probing synthetic cellular structures.
NIH/Pathway to Independence Career Development Award, National Science Foundation CAREER Award

Contact: Eric Sauter
esauter@scripps.edu
267-337-3859
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 1-Oct-2013
American Journal of Psychiatry
Smoking during pregnancy may increase risk of bipolar disorder in offspring
A study published today in the American Journal of Psychiatry suggests an association between smoking during pregnancy and increased risk for developing bipolar disorder in adult children. Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and the New York State Psychiatric Institute evaluated offspring from a large cohort of pregnant women and found that maternal smoking during pregnancy was associated with a twofold increased risk of bipolar disorder in their offspring.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 1-Oct-2013
Neurosurgery
Tests in mice identify compound that may keep survivors of brain aneurysms from succumbing to stroke
Johns Hopkins researchers, working with mice, say they have identified a chemical compound that reduces the risk of dangerous, potentially stroke-causing blood vessel spasms that often occur after the rupture of a bulging vessel in the brain.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 1-Oct-2013
Journal of Perinatology
Listening matters for mothers
A University of Iowa study shows that mothers with prematurely born babies benefit emotionally and mentally from one-on-one sessions with a hospital nurse. The pilot "listening visits" may provide a framework for helping pre-term infant mothers combat anxiety and depression. Results were published in the Journal of Perinatology.
National Institutes of Health, University of Iowa

Contact: Richard Lewis
richard-c-lewis@uiowa.edu
319-384-0012
University of Iowa

Public Release: 1-Oct-2013
Nature Methods
Search tool for gene expression databases could uncover therapeutic targets, biological processes
A new computational tool developed by US and Israeli scientists will help scientists exploit the massive databases of gene expression experimental results that have been created over the past decade. Researchers say it could uncover new links between diseases and treatments and provide new insights into biological processes.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2013
LSUHSC'S OCHOA 1 of 10 chosen by NIH director for Transformative Research Award
LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans' Dr. Augusto Ochoa is one of ten recipients nationally of the National Institutes of Health Transformative Research Award. The award comes with a $2.5 million grant to support the development of new treatments for severe viral diseases, including herpes infections, pandemic influenza and cancers caused viruses, by manipulating how the immune system responds to severe viral and inflammatory infections.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leslie Capo
lcapo@lsuhsc.edu
504-568-4806
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 1-Oct-2013
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Clinician observations of preschoolers' behavior help to predict ADHD at school age
Don't rely on one source of information about your preschoolers' inattention or hyperactivity. Rather, consider how your child behaves at home as well as information from his or her teacher and a clinician. This advice is found in Springer's Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. A study there examines how well parent, teacher, and clinician ratings of preschoolers' behavior are able to predict severity and diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder at age six.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Joan Robinson
joan.robinson@springer.com
49-622-148-78130
Springer

Public Release: 1-Oct-2013
BMJ
Study led by NYU Langone researchers finds the association between a high body mass index and the risk of death due to cardiovascular disease is stronger among east Asians than south Asians
A study led by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has found that the association between body fat and mortality due to cardiovascular disease differs between south and east Asians, a finding that has important implications for global health recommendations.
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, National Institutes of Health, and others

Contact: Lorinda Klein
lorindaann.klein@nyumc.org
212-404-3533
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine

Public Release: 1-Oct-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Decoding sound's source: Mass. Eye and Ear researchers unravel part of the mystery
Researchers from the Eaton-Peabody Laboratories of the Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Harvard Medical School, and Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology have gained new insight into how localized hearing works in the brain.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Mary Leach
Mary_Leach@meei.harvard.edu
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3466.

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