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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3677.

<< < 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 > >>

Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
PLOS ONE
Brain traffic jams that can disappear in 30 seconds
Motorists in Los Angeles, San Francisco, and other gridlocked cities could learn something from the fruit fly.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
716-645-4614
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology
Lower asthma risk is associated with microbes in infants' homes
Infants exposed to a diverse range of bacterial species in house dust during the first year of life appear to be less likely to develop asthma in early childhood, according to a new study published online on June 6, 2014, in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
jeffrey.norris@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
Acta Biomaterialia
Better tissue healing with disappearing hydrogels
When stem cells are used to regenerate bone tissue, many wind up migrating away from the repair site, which disrupts the healing process. But a University of Rochester research team makes use of hydrogel polymers in keeping the stem cells in place, resulting in faster and better tissue regeneration.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Peter Iglinski
peter.iglinski@rochester.edu
585-273-4726
University of Rochester

Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Endoscope with an oxygen sensor detects pancreatic cancer
An optical blood oxygen sensor attached to an endoscope is able to identify pancreatic cancer in patients via a simple lendoscopic procedure, according to researchers at Mayo Clinic in Florida.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Mayo Clinic Foundation for Medical Education & Research

Contact: Kevin Punsky
punsky.kevin@mayo.edu
904-953-0746
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
Three gene networks discovered in autism, may present treatment targets
A large new analysis of DNA from thousands of patients has uncovered several underlying gene networks with potentially important roles in autism. These networks may offer attractive targets for developing new autism drugs or repurposing existing drugs that act on components of these networks.
National Institutes of Health, AGRE Consortium

Contact: John Ascenzi
ascenzi@email.chop.edu
267-426-6055
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology
Newborns exposed to dirt, dander and germs may have lower allergy and asthma risk
Infants exposed to rodent and pet dander, roach allergens and a wide variety of household bacteria in the first year of life appear less likely to suffer from allergies, wheezing and asthma, according to results of a study conducted by scientists at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center and other institutions.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
epeshev1@jhmi.edu
410-502-9433
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Structure
Scientists find new targets that could increase effectiveness of breast cancer treatments
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have found new targets for potential intervention in breast cancer. These new targets could eventually increase effectiveness and reduce the undesirable side effects associated with current treatments.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Eric Sauter
esauter@scripps.edu
267-337-3859
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Frontiers in Psychiatry
New findings out on brain networks in children at risk for mental disorders
Attention deficits are central to psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder, and are thought to precede the presentation of the illnesses. A new study led by Wayne State University School of Medicine researcher Vaibhav Diwadkar, Ph.D., suggests that the brain network interactions between regions that support attention are dysfunctional in children and adolescents at genetic risk for developing schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Analytical Chemistry
Research could lead to new cancer assay, aid both dogs and humans
Veterinary researchers have identified a unique group of proteins that indicate the presence of transitional cell carcinoma -- the most common cause of bladder cancer -- and may lead to a new assay which could better diagnose this disease in both dogs and humans.
NIH/National Insitutes of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Shay Bracha
shay.bracha@oregonstate.edu
541-737-4844
Oregon State University

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Improved glucose control slows progression to end-stage renal disease in type 1 diabetes
The results of a 20-year study confirm that people with type 1 diabetes who have developed kidney complications can slow the progress of their complications by improving control of their blood glucose over the long term. This finding may lead to changes in clinical practice for this population.
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeffrey Bright
jeff.bright@joslin.harvard.edu
Joslin Diabetes Center

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Science
Brain circuit problem likely sets stage for the 'voices' that are symptom of schizophrenia
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have identified problems in a connection between brain structures that may predispose individuals to hearing the 'voices' that are a common symptom of schizophrenia. The work appears in the June 6 issue of the journal Science.
National Institutes of Health, American-Lebanese-Syrian Associated Charities

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
carrie.strehlau@stjude.org
901-595-2295
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Cell Metabolism
Team finds on-off switch to burning stored fat
Scientists' discovery of how white fat cells are converted to beige, and the on-off switch for the process, could lead to novel diabetes and obesity drugs.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association, and others

Contact: Will Sansom
sansom@uthscsa.edu
210-567-2579
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Cell Reports
University of Toronto biologists pave the way for improved epilepsy treatments
University of Toronto biologists leading an investigation into the cells that regulate proper brain function, have identified and located the key players whose actions contribute to afflictions such as epilepsy and schizophrenia. The discovery is a major step toward developing improved treatments for these and other neurological disorders.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, National Institutes of Health, Academy of Finland

Contact: Sean Bettam
s.bettam@utoronto.ca
416-946-7950
University of Toronto

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Cell
The connection between oxygen and diabetes
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have, for the first time, described the sequence of early cellular responses to a high-fat diet, one that can result in obesity-induced insulin resistance and diabetes. The findings also suggest potential molecular targets for preventing or reversing the process.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
SLEEP 2014
Couples sleep in sync when the wife is satisfied with their marriage
Couples are more likely to sleep in sync when the wife is more satisfied with their marriage. Results show that overall synchrony in sleep-wake schedules among couples was high, as those who slept in the same bed were awake or asleep at the same time about 75 percent of the time. When the wife reported higher marital satisfaction, the percent of time the couple was awake or asleep at the same time was greater.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Lynn Celmer
media@aasmnet.org
630-737-9700 x9364
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Cell Stem Cell
Stem cells hold keys to body's plan
Case Western Reserve researchers have discovered landmarks within pluripotent stem cells that guide how they develop to serve different purposes within the body. This breakthrough offers promise that scientists eventually will be able to direct stem cells in ways that prevent disease or repair damage from injury or illness. The study and its results appear in the June 5 edition of the journal Cell Stem Cell.
National Institutes of Health, New York Stem Cell Foundation, Mount Sinai Health Care Foundation, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, Case Western Reserve University

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
jeannette.spalding@case.edu
216-368-3004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Endocrine Society honors 2014 Early Investigators, FLARE Internship Award winners
The Endocrine Society is pleased to announce the recipients of the 2014 Early Investigators Awards and the Future Leaders Advancing Research in Endocrinology (FLARE) Internship Awards.
Endocrine Society, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Jenni Glenn Gingery
jgingery@endocrine.org
202-971-3655
The Endocrine Society

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
The EMBO Journal
Scripps Florida scientists unravel the molecular secret of short, intense workouts
The benefits of short, intense workouts have been extolled by researchers and exercise fans as a metabolic panacea capable of providing greater overall fitness, better blood sugar control and weight reduction -- all of it in periods as short as seven minutes a few times a week. In a new study, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute confirm something is molecularly unique about intense exercise: the activation of a single protein.
National Institutes of Health, State of Florida

Contact: Eric Sauter
esauter@scripps.edu
267-337-3859
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Breast Cancer Research
Can mice mimic human breast cancer? MSU study says 'yes'
Eran Andrechek, a physiology professor in the College of Human Medicine at Michigan State University, has discovered that many of the various models used in breast cancer research can replicate several characteristics of the human disease, especially at the gene level.
National Institutes of Health, Susan G. Komen Foundation

Contact: Sarina Gleason
sarina.gleason@cabs.msu.edu
517-355-9742
Michigan State University

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Science
Sleep after learning strengthens connections between brain cells and enhances memory
Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center show for the first time that sleep after learning encourages the growth of dendritic spines, the tiny protrusions from brain cells that connect to other brain cells and facilitate the passage of information across synapses, the junctions at which brain cells meet.
National Institutes of Health, Whitehall Foundation

Contact: Jim Mandler
Jim.Mandler@nyumc.org
212-404-3525
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Cell
Vanderbilt scientists discover that chemical element bromine is essential to human life
Twenty-seven chemical elements are considered to be essential for human life. Now there is a 28th -- bromine. In a paper published Thursday by the journal Cell, Vanderbilt University researchers establish for the first time that bromine, among the 92 naturally-occurring chemical elements in the universe, is the 28th element essential for tissue development in all animals, from primitive sea creatures to humans.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
craig.boerner@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Cell
Unmasking viral invaders
Using a technological platform commonly used in physics and chemistry called mass spectrometry, researchers describe the dynamics of a viral infection over a three-day course, discovering ways the pathogen evades the immune system and how certain viral proteins target and destroy human proteins that defend against infection.
Wellcome Trust Fellowship, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Cell
Research helps clarify how obesity leads to type 2 diabetes, cancer
In a study published online June 5 in the journal Cell, a researcher at The University of Texas at Dallas and colleagues at the University of California, San Diego found that a protein called HIF-1 alpha plays a key role in the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes in obese mice. The findings may also shed light on the connection between obesity and cancer.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
amanda.siegfried@utdallas.edu
972-883-4335
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Molecular Cell
New method reveals single protein interaction key to embryonic stem cell differentiation
Researchers from the University of Chicago have pioneered a new technique to simplify the study of protein networks and identify the importance of individual protein interactions. By designing synthetic proteins that can only interact with a pre-determined partner, and introducing them into cells, the team revealed a key interaction that regulates the ability of embryonic stem cells to change into other cell types.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Jiang
kevin.jiang@uchospitals.edu
773-795-5227
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Cell
Scientists generate long-sought molecular map of critical genetic machinery
A team led by researchers at The Scripps Research Institute has used advanced electron microscopy techniques to determine the first accurate structural map of Mediator, one of the largest and most complex 'molecular machines' in cells. The mapping of its structure -- which includes more than two dozen unique protein subunits--represents a significant advance in basic cell biology and should shed light on medical conditions involving Mediator's dysfunction, from cancer to inherited developmental disorders.
National Institutes of Health, Helen Nelson Medical Research Fund

Contact: Mika Ono
mikaono@scripps.edu
858-784-2052
Scripps Research Institute

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3677.

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