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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3555.

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Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Journal of Ophthalmology
Mayo Clinic research finds risk of glaucoma blindness drops by half
A comparative long-range study by Mayo Clinic ophthalmology researchers shows that the probability of blindness from glaucoma 20 years after diagnosis has dropped by half in the last generation. The findings appear online in the "in press" section of the journal Ophthalmology.
Research to Prevent Blindness, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bob Nellis
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Common blood cancer may be initiated by single mutation in bone cells
AML is a blood cancer, but for many patients the cancer may originate from an unusual source: a mutation in their bone cells. In a study published today in the online edition of Nature, researchers at Columbia University Medical Center found that a mutation in the bone cells called osteoblasts, which build new bone, causes AML in mice. The mutation was found in nearly 40 percent of patients with AML or myelodysplastic syndrome, a precursor condition, who were examined as part of the study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Reducing liver protein SIRT1 levels
A new study led by Boston University School of Medicine demonstrates that the abnormal metabolism linked to obesity could be regulated in part by the interaction of two metabolic regulators, called the NAD-dependent deacetylase SIRT1 and fibroblast growth factor 21. Using experimental models, the researchers found that a lack of SIRT1 protein in the liver led to lower levels of a liver secreted protein FGF21, which resulted in an increased likelihood of developing fatty liver disease and obesity.
National Institutes of Health, Robert Dawson Evans Faculty Merit Award, Wing Tat Lee Award

Contact: Jenny Eriksen Leary
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Cerebral Cortex
New Penn index detects early signs of deviation from normal brain development
Researchers at Penn Medicine have generated a brain development index from MRI scans that captures the complex patterns of maturation during normal brain development. This index will allow clinicians and researchers for the first time to detect subtle, yet potentially critical early signs of deviation from normal development during late childhood to early adult.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steve Graff
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
Depressive symptoms linked to adult-onset asthma in African-American women
According to a new study from the Slone Epidemiology Center at Boston University, African-American women who reported high levels of depressive symptoms had a greater likelihood of adult-onset asthma compared to women who reported fewer depressive symptoms.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Environmental Research
Obese children more susceptible to asthma from air pollution
Obese children exposed to high levels of air pollutants were nearly three times as likely to have asthma, compared with non-obese children and lower levels of pollution exposure, report researchers at Columbia University Medical Center.
National Institutes of Health, Environmental Protection Agency, private foundations

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Women and Health
Miriam Hospital study links intimate partner violence and risk of HIV
Researchers from The Miriam Hospital and the University of Rochester have found a definitive link between violence among intimate partners and an increased risk of HIV infection. The study is online in the journal Women & Health.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nancy Jean

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Small elliptical exercise device may promote activity while sitting
People may be able to keep the weight off by using a compact elliptical device while sitting at a desk or watching TV, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matthew Solovey
Penn State

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
How to improve HPV vaccination rates? It starts with physicians, Moffitt researchers say
The risk of developing cervical cancer can be significantly decreased through human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. Despite calls from leading health and professional organizations for universal vaccination for girls ages 11 and 12, the most recently published national data indicate that only 14.5 percent of 11- and 12-year-old girls have received at least one dose of the HPV vaccine and 3 percent have completed the three-dose series.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kim Polacek
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Fast eye movements: A possible indicator of more impulsive decision-making
Using a simple study of eye movements, Johns Hopkins scientists report evidence that people who are less patient tend to move their eyes with greater speed. The findings, the researchers say, suggest that the weight people give to the passage of time may be a trait consistently used throughout their brains, affecting the speed with which they make movements, as well as the way they make certain decisions.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Human Frontier Science Program

Contact: Catherine Kolf
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Review of Economics and Statistics
Lasting consequences of World War II means more illness, less education for survivors
A novel examination of the long-lasting consequences that World War II had on continental Europeans finds that living in a war-torn country increased the likelihood of suffering from a chronic disease later in life and reduced survivor's educational attainment. The war also lowered the probability that women would marry and left many children to grow up without fathers. The study highlights the long-term consequences of military battles.
German Research Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Warren Robak
RAND Corporation

Public Release: 21-Jan-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Genetic counseling via telephone as effective as in-person counseling
The demand for genetic counseling is rapidly increasing as genetic testing for susceptibility to a vast range of diseases is now available. Can telephone counseling deliver the same quality and satisfaction as face-to-face interactions? A study lead by Georgetown researchers says yes, and there's an added bonus: "Counseling on the phone reduces costs and expands genetic counseling and testing access to rural areas, where counseling isn't always available," says lead author Marc Schwartz.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Jan-2014
Nature Communications
Novel nanotherapy breakthrough may help reduce recurrent heart attacks and stroke
New report in Nature Communications by Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai shows their new statin nanotherapy can target high-risk inflammation inside heart arteries that causes heart attacks or stroke.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research

Contact: Lauren Woods
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 20-Jan-2014
Psychological Medicine
Toddlers' aggression is strongly associated with genetic factors
The development of physical aggression in toddlers is strongly associated genetic factors and to a lesser degree with the environment, according to a new study led by Eric Lacourse of the University of Montreal and its affiliated Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine Hospital. Lacourse's worked with the parents of identical and non-identical twins to evaluate and compare their behaviour, environment and genetics.
NIH/National Health Research Development Program, Canada Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council

Contact: Julie Gazaille
University of Montreal

Public Release: 20-Jan-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Dispersal patterns key to invasive species' success
Using synthetic biology, engineers have tested the limits of the Allee effect, where a certain number of individuals are needed for a group to survive. While intuition suggests that the more places a species spreads, the more it will thrive, scattering a population too thin by forming too many new colonies could result in the ruin of them all. The results have implications for both ecologists dealing with invasive species and medical practitioners fighting infections.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 20-Jan-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Mount Sinai researchers find promising new drug targets for cocaine addiction
Mount Sinai researchers identify PARP-1 enzyme and Sidekick-1 gene as key in the brain reward system for cocaine addiction.
NIH/National Institute of Drug Abuse

Contact: Laura Newman
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 20-Jan-2014
JAMA Neurology
Boosting vitamin D could slow progression, reduce severity of multiple sclerosis
For patients in the early stages of multiple sclerosis, low levels of vitamin D were found to strongly predict disease severity and hasten its progression.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Diseases and Stroke, National Multiple Sclerosis Society

Contact: Karen Feldscher
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 20-Jan-2014
Physicians awarded $4 million to study effects of fertility treatments and obstetric care
Two Cedars-Sinai physician-researchers have been awarded grants totaling $4 million from the National Institutes of Health to study how the environment -- both in the womb and in the hospital where the baby is born -- can affect the newborn and the mother.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Laura Coverson
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Jan-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Uninsured patients less likely to be transferred between hospitals, Pitt researchers find
Uninsured patients with a variety of common medical diagnoses are significantly less likely to be transferred between hospitals for treatment, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. They also found that women, insured or not, are less likely to be transferred between hospitals.
US Department of Veterans Affairs, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andrea Stanford
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 20-Jan-2014
Journal of Cell Biology
FAK helps tumor cells enter the bloodstream
Cancer cells have something that every prisoner longs for -- a master key that allows them to escape. A new study describes how a protein that promotes tumor growth also enables cancer cells to use this key and metastasize.
National Institutes of Health, Italian Association for Cancer Research, and others

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 20-Jan-2014
Secondhand smoke exposure increases odds of hospital asthma readmission for children
A new study shows that exposure to secondhand smoke at home or in the car dramatically increases the odds of children being readmitted to the hospital within a year of being admitted for asthma.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Feuer
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Jan-2014
Canadian Medical Association Journal
People who enjoy life maintain better physical function as they age
People who enjoy life maintain better physical function in daily activities and keep up faster walking speeds as they age, compared with people who enjoy life less, according to a new study in Canadian Medical Association Journal.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Kim Barnhardt
613-520-7116 x2224
Canadian Medical Association Journal

Public Release: 19-Jan-2014
Nature Genetics
Decoded: DNA of blood-sucking worm that infects world's poor
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have decoded the genome of the hookworm, Necator americanus, finding clues to how it infects and survives in humans and to aid in development of new therapies to combat hookworm disease.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, Australian Research Council, National Health and Medical Research Council

Contact: Caroline Arbanas
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 19-Jan-2014
Nature Medicine
Researchers discover how heart arrhythmia occurs
Researchers have discovered the fundamental biology of calcium waves in relation to heart arrhythmias. The findings published this month in the Jan. 19 edition of Nature Medicine outlines the discovery of this fundamental physiological process that researchers hope will one day help design molecularly tailored medications that correct the pathophysiology.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, National Institutes of Health, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Alberta, Canada Foundation for Innovation

Contact: Marta Cyperli
University of Calgary

Public Release: 19-Jan-2014
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Overexpression of splicing protein in skin repair causes early changes seen in skin cancer
"Cancer resembles a state of chronic wound healing, in which the wound-healing program is erroneously activated and perpetuated," says Professor Adrian Krainer of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. In a paper published today in Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, a team led by Dr. Krainer reports that a protein they show is normally involved in healing wounds and maintaining homeostasis in skin tissue is also, under certain conditions, a promoter of invasive and metastatic skin cancers.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Shared Resources Cancer Center Support Grant, Danish Cancer Society

Contact: Peter Tarr
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3555.

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