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Department of Health and Human Services

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Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3427.

<< < 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 > >>

Public Release: 9-Aug-2013
Nature Communications
Bubbles are the new lenses for nanoscale light beams
Bending light beams to your whim sounds like a job for a wizard or an a complex array of bulky mirrors, lenses and prisms, but a few tiny liquid bubbles may be all that is necessary to open the doors for next-generation, high-speed circuits and displays, according to Penn State researchers.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 9-Aug-2013
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Cigarette taxation helps to reduce drinking among groups considered vulnerable
A new study has examined the effects of cigarette taxation on alcohol consumption. Results suggest that increases in cigarette taxes are associated with modest to moderate reductions in alcohol consumption among vulnerable groups. Vulnerable groups include hazardous drinkers, young adult smokers, and smokers in the lowest income category.
NIH/Office of Research on Women's Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Sherry McKee, Ph.D.
sherry.mckee@yale.edu
203-737-3529
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 9-Aug-2013
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Racial differences in types of alcohol drinks consumed by adolescent girls
Much more is known about racial differences in rates of alcohol use than types of alcohol consumed. A new study of racial differences in types of alcohol beverages consumed during adolescence has found that, in general, black and white girls report significantly different risk profiles. However, common predictors of heavier drinking profiles for both black and white girls include perceived ease in accessing alcohol, witnessing neighborhood drug dealing, and perceived peer alcohol use.
NIH/National Institute of Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Tammy Chung, Ph.D.
chungta@upmc.edu
412-246-5147
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 9-Aug-2013
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Women seek alcohol treatment between an average of 4 to 5 years earlier than men
The term "telescoping" refers to a more rapid progression of alcohol-related diseases in women. A new study looks at gender differences among individuals seeking treatment for a substance use disorder. While certain aspects of the findings confirm telescoping in women, others do not.
National Institutes of Health, University of Florida Department of Psychiatry

Contact: Ben Lewis, Ph.D.
benlewis@ufl.edu
352-294-4920
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
Health Psychology
Low childhood conscientiousness predicts adult obesity
Results from a longitudinal study show that children who exhibit lower conscientiousness (e.g., irresponsible, careless, not persevering) could experience worse overall health, including greater obesity, as adults. The Oregon Research Institute study examines the relationship between childhood personality and adult health and shows a strong association between childhood conscientiousness (organized, dependable, self-disciplined) and health status in adulthood.
NIH/National Institute of Aging

Contact: Kathryn Madden
kathryn@ori.org
Oregon Research Institute

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
Science
Helper cells aptly named in battle with invading pathogens
By tracking the previously unknown movements of a set of specialized cells, Whitehead Institute scientists are shedding new light on how the immune system mounts a successful defense against hostile, ever-changing invaders.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Fearer
fearer@wi.mit.edu
617-452-4630
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
Nature
HSCI researchers extend human epigenomic map
New research by the Harvard Stem Cell Institute's Alex Meissner, published online as a letter in the journal Nature, describes the dynamics of DNA methylation across a wide range of human cell types. Chemically, these marks are the addition of a methyl group -- one carbon atom surrounded by three hydrogen atoms -- anywhere a cytosine nucleotide sits next to a guanine nucleotide in the DNA sequence.
National Institutes of Health, New York Stem Cell Foundation

Contact: B. D. Colen
bd_colen@harvard.edu
617-495-7821
Harvard University

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
EMBO Journal
Scripps Research Institute study shows microRNAs can trigger lymphomas
A small group of immune-regulating molecules, when overproduced even moderately, can trigger the blood cancers known as lymphomas, according to a new study led by scientists from the Scripps Research Institute. The new study also identified the major biological pathways through which these microRNAs ignite and maintain cancerous growth.
Pew Charitable Trusts, Cancer Research Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mika Ono
mikaono@scripps.edu
858-784-2052
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Gene regulator is key to healthy retinal development and good vision in adulthood
Scientists are developing a clearer picture of how visual systems develop in mammals. The findings offer important clues to the origin of retinal disorders later in life.
Whitehall Foundation, NIH/National Eye Institute, SUNY/RF Research Collaboration Fund, Research to Prevent Blindness and others

Contact: Ellen Goldbaum
goldbaum@buffalo.edu
716-645-4605
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
Leukemia
Study suggests way to fight therapy resistant leukemia by blocking DNA repair
New research posted online by the Nature journal Leukemia suggests blocking part of a DNA repair complex that helps some types of leukemia resist treatment can increase the effectiveness of chemotherapy and enhance survival. Scientists from Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center report that their experimental combination treatment strategy -- using a small molecular inhibitor along with chemotherapy -- was particularly effective at stopping a stubborn leukemia called T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
National Institutes of Health, Leukemia and Lymphoma Society

Contact: Nick Miller
nicholas.miller@cchmc.org
513-803-6035
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
Scripps Florida team awarded $10.6 million to decipher root causes of human aging
Professor Paul Robbins of The Scripps Research Institute will be principal investigator of the new five-year study, which will focus on identifying just how damage that accumulates over time drives the human aging process. Scientists from the University of Pittsburgh and the University of California, Riverside, will also participate in the study.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Eric Sauter
esauter@scripps.edu
267-337-3859
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
Science
Muscle health depends on sugar superstructure
In a new study, published online Aug. 8 in the journal Science, a University of Iowa team led by Kevin Campbell, Ph.D., has pinpointed not just one, but three proteins that are required for constructing a key, early section of a critical sugar chain. Mutations affecting any one of these three proteins can cause congenital muscular dystrophies in humans.
National Institutes of Health, Muscular Dystrophy Campaign

Contact: Jennifer Brown
jennifer-l-brown@uiowa.edu
319-356-7124
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
New technology to guide people through healthcare decisions
The goal of a two-year, $460,000 National Institute of Nursing Research-supported project at Case Western Reserve University's school of nursing is to develop and test an avatar-based decision technology, called Electronic Surrogate Decision Maker Resources and Tailored Training.
NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research

Contact: Susan Griffith
susan.griffith@case.edu
216-368-1004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Chemists' work will aid drug design to target cancer and inflammatory disease
Chemists at Indiana University Bloomington have produced detailed descriptions of the structure and molecular properties of human folate receptor proteins, a key development for designing new drugs that can target cancer and inflammatory diseases without serious side effects.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steve Hinnefeld
slhinnef@iu.edu
812-856-3488
Indiana University

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
International Journal of Obesity
Kids born small should get moving
Female mice who were growth restricted in the womb were born at a lower birth weight, but were less active and prone to obesity as adults, said researchers from Baylor College of Medicine and the USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center at BCM and Texas Children's Hospital in a report that appears online in the International Journal of Obesity.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Dipali Pathak
pathak@bcm.edu
713-798-6826
Baylor College of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
Cell
Scientists devise innovative method to profile and predict the behavior of proteins
A team of researchers has found a way to map an enzyme's underlying molecular machinery, revealing patterns that could allow them to predict how an enzyme behaves -- and what happens when this process disrupted.
QB3, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Searles Scholars Program, W.M. Keck Foundation

Contact: Anne Holden
anne.holden@gladstone.ucsf.edu
415-734-2534
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
American Journal of Human Genetics
Latino genomes point way to hidden DNA
Researchers have discovered the hiding place of 20 million base pairs of human genome sequence, finding a home for 10 percent of the DNA that is thought to be missing from the standard reference map of the human genome.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, Stanley Center for Psychiatric Research at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
Nature Communications
Sanford-Burnham scientists identify key protein that modulates organismal aging
Scientists at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute have identified a key factor that regulates the autophagy process, a kind of cleansing mechanism for cells in which waste material and cellular debris is gobbled up to protect cells from damage, and in turn, modulates aging. The findings, published in Nature Communications today, could lead to the development of new therapies for age-related disorders that are characterized by a breakdown in this process.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Deborah Robison
drobison@sanfordburnham.org
407-615-0072
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
Molecular Cell
LEC: A multi-purpose tool
A little-studied factor known as the Little Elongation Complex plays a critical and previously unknown role in the transcription of small nuclear RNAs, according to a new study led by scientists at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research and published in the Aug. 22, 2013, issue of the journal Molecular Cell.
Stowers Institute for Medical Research, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Gina Kirchweger
gxk@stowers.org
816-806-1036
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
American Journal of Human Genetics
Genetic evidence shows recent population mixture in India
Researchers have found that modern-day India is the result of recent population mixture among divergent demographic groups.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, UKIERI Major Award, Network Project

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Tumor microenvironment allows cancer cells to hide from the immune system
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Gerard Blobe and colleagues at Duke University identify a mechanism by which tumors evade detection.
US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, Susan G. Komen for the Cure

Contact: Corinne Williams
press_releases@the-jci.org
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 8-Aug-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
JCI early table of contents for Aug. 8, 2013
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Aug. 8, 2013, in the JCI: Engineered rice protects against rotavirus infection;Tumor microenvironment allows cancer cells to hide from the immune system;Retinoids activate the irritant receptor TRPV1 and produce sensory hypersensitivity;Age-dependent hepatic lymphoid organization directs successful immunity to hepatitis B;Increased Fanconi C expression contributes to the emergency granulopoiesis response;Nanoparticle-based flow virometry for the analysis of individual virions
National Institutes of Health, CREST, US Department of Defense, Komen for the Cure

Contact: Corinne Williams
press_releases@the-jci.org
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 7-Aug-2013
International Journal of Cancer
Family members of children with cancer may also be at risk
When a child is diagnosed with cancer, one of the first questions the parents ask is "Will my other children get cancer?" A new study from Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah suggests the answer to that question depends on whether a family history of cancer exists.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Lida Aagard
801-587-7639
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 7-Aug-2013
Nature Nanotechnology
DNA nanorobots find and tag cellular targets
Researchers have created a fleet of molecular "robots" that can home in on specific human cells and mark them for drug therapy or destruction. The nanorobots -- a collection of DNA molecules, some attached to antibodies -- were designed to seek a specific set of human blood cells and attach a fluorescent tag to the cell surfaces. Details of the system were published July 28, 2013, in the online edition of Nature Nanotechnology.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
ket2116@columbia.edu
212-342-0508
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Aug-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Cognitive decline with age is normal, routine -- but not inevitable
Research on biochemical processes is making it clear that cognitive decline with age is a natural part of life, and scientists are tracking the problem down to highly specific components of the brain. Virtually everyone loses memory-making and cognitive abilities as they age. But of considerable interest is that it may not have to be that way.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kathy Magnusson
Kathy.magnusson@oregonstate.edu
541-737-6923
Oregon State University

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3427.

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