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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3590.

<< < 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 > >>

Public Release: 25-Feb-2014
PLOS Medicine
Risk of HIV infection is high during pregnancy and the postpartum period
Women living in world regions where HIV infection is common are at high risk of acquiring HIV infection during pregnancy and the postpartum period, according to a study by US researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine. Alison Drake and colleagues from the University of Washington in Seattle also found that mothers who acquire HIV during pregnancy or postpartum are more likely to pass the infection on to their offspring than mothers with chronic HIV infections.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Fiona Godwin

Public Release: 25-Feb-2014
Better nurse staffing and education reduces patient deaths in European hospitals
Researchers found that every one patient increase in patient to nurse ratios was associated with a seven percent increase in deaths, while having a better educated nurse workforce is associated with fewer deaths.
European Union, NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Linda H. Aiken
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
New blood test could detect heart attacks more quickly
A new blood test can detect heart attacks hours faster than the current gold-standard blood test. The new test measures a protein called cMyBP-C that is released to the bloodstream by dying heart muscle. A study found cMyBP-C is released to the blood within just 15 minutes of cardiac damage.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Ritter
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Psychological Bulletin
Despite lower levels of drinking, African-Americans encounter more problems
A theoretical paper with lead author Tamika Zapolski, Ph.D., assistant professor of psychology in the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, examines a paradox in African-American drinking. African-Americans report initiation to drinking at an older age, lower rates of use and lower levels of use in nearly all age groups. Nonetheless, the group encounters higher levels of problems related to alcohol when compared to European-Americans.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Candace Beaty Gwaltney
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Study shows preventive ovarian surgery in BRCA1 mutation carriers should be performed early
The findings of a large international prospective study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology suggest for the first time that women with BRCA1 mutations should have preventive ovarian surgery (prophylactic oophorectomy) by age 35, as waiting until a later age appears to increase the risk of ovarian cancer before or at the time of the preventive surgery.
Canadian Breast Cancer Research Alliance, National Institutes of Health, Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation

Contact: Kate Blackburn
American Society of Clinical Oncology

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Nature Medicine
Acupuncture holds promise for treating inflammatory disease
Rutgers researchers have documented a direct connection between the use of acupuncture and physical processes that could alleviate sepsis, a condition that often develops in hospital intensive care units, springs from infection and inflammation, and takes an estimated 250,000 lives in the United States every year.
National Institutes of Health, Mexican National Council for Science and Technology

Contact: Rob Forman
Rutgers University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Cancer patients turning to mass media and non-experts for info
The increasing use of expensive medical imaging procedures in the US like positron emission tomography scans is being driven, in part, by patient decisions made after obtaining information from lay media and non-experts, and not from health care providers.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Joseph J. Diorio
University of Pennsylvania Annenberg School for Communication

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Mental health conditions in most suicide victims left undiagnosed at doctor visits
The mental health conditions of most people who commit suicide remain undiagnosed, even though many visit a primary care provider or medical specialist in the year before they die, according to a national study. Among those in the study, 83 percent received health care treatment in the year prior to dying, and they used medical and primary care services more frequently than any other health service. However, a mental health diagnosis was made in less than half (45 percent) of these cases.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Dwight Angell
Henry Ford Health System

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Preventing suicide should start in a general medical setting
The mental health conditions of most people who commit suicide remain undiagnosed, even though most visit a primary care provider or medical specialist in the year before they die. To help prevent suicides, health care providers should therefore become more attuned to their patients' mental health states and possible suicide ideations. These are the findings of Brian Ahmedani from the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Alexander Brown
Springer Science+Business Media

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Physical Review E
In the eye of a chicken, a new state of matter comes into view
Along with eggs, soup and rubber toys, the list of the chicken's most lasting legacies may eventually include advanced materials, according to researchers from Princeton University and Washington University in St. Louis. The researchers report that the unusual arrangement of cells in a chicken's eye constitutes the first known biological occurrence of a potentially new state of matter known as 'disordered hyperuniformity,' which has been shown to have unique physical properties.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, and others

Contact: Morgan Kelly
Princeton University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Costs vary widely for care of children with congenital heart defects across US hospitals
Variations as much as nine-fold in some cases, reinforces the need for standardized practices to cut costs and improve quality, says a new study.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Mary Masson
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Journal of Affective Disorders
Higher risks among perinatal women with bipolar disorder
Women with bipolar disorder often struggle with the illness during and after pregnancy. A new study finds that they were significantly more likely to face important psychiatric and childrearing challenges compared to women who were seeking treatment for other psychiatric disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Precursor of multiple myeloma more common in blacks than whites, Mayo study finds
Blacks may be twice as likely as whites to develop multiple myeloma because they are more likely to have a precursor condition known as monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), a Mayo Clinic study has found. Not only is MGUS more common in blacks, but the type seen in the black population is also more apt to have features associated with a higher risk of progression to full-blown multiple myeloma, a cancer of a type of white blood cell in bone marrow.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Jabbs Foundation, Henry J. Predolin Foundation

Contact: Joe Dangor
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Journal of American College of Cardiology
Cardiovascular Institute researcher: Cancer drug may lower sudden cardiac death risk
A researcher at the Cardiovascular Institute at Rhode Island Miriam and Newport hospitals has found that a new class of drugs, originally developed to treat cancer, reduces sudden cardiac death risk after a heart attack. Researchers evaluated mice that had sustained a heart attack and also had abnormal heartbeats and found that inhibition of a protein signal known as c-Src decreased the risk of abnormal heartbeats and sudden cardiac death.
National Institutes of Health, Veterans Admininistration Merit Award, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translation

Contact: Ellen Slingsby

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Diabetes Care
Specialized cognitive therapy improves blood sugar control in depressed diabetes patients
A program of cognitive behavioral therapy that addresses both mood and diabetes self-care led to improved blood sugar control and produced faster relief of depression in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Kristen Chadwick
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Parents' attitudes about helping their grown children affect their mental health
Older parents frequently give help to their middle-aged offspring, and their perceptions about giving this help may affect their mental health, according to a team of researchers.
NIH/National Institue on Aging, MacArthur Network on Transitions to Adulthood, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A paper diagnostic for cancer
A low-cost urine test developed by MIT engineers amplifies signals from growing tumors to detect disease.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, Mazumdar-Shaw International Oncology Fellowship, National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Advanced Functional Materials
New biological scaffold offers promising foundation for engineered tissues
Engineered tissues like artificial skin begin with a scaffold for cells to grow on. Now a team led by Michigan Technological University's Feng Zhao has coaxed cells called fibroblasts into creating a scaffold that mimics the body's own internal matrix, and in early tests, cells seem happy to set up residence.
National Institutes of Health, Flight Attendant Medical Research Institute

Contact: Marcia Goodrich
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Marine algae can sense the rainbow
A new study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences has shown for the first time that several types of aquatic algae can detect orange, green and blue light.
US Department of Agriculture, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Packard Foundation, and others

Contact: Lindsay Jolivet
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
For older hypertension patients, an unwelcome tradeoff
Medications used by many older people to control their blood pressure also increase the risk of serious fall injuries by 30 percent to 40 percent -- injuries that have a similar effect on mortality and functional loss as the strokes and heart attacks the blood pressure drugs are meant to prevent -- according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers in the Feb. 24 issue of JAMA Internal Medicine.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Developmental Cell
Like mom or dad? Some cells randomly express one parent's version of a gene over the other
Both of our parents contribute one copy of a gene to our genetic makeup. Generally, both copies are switched on or off together. Occasionally, a cell will begin to use of one copy over the other. Today, a team of researchers at CSHL shows that this random phenomenon is far more likely to be found in mature, developed cell types than in their stem cell precursors, offering an unexpected glimpse of variability in gene expression.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Blocking autophagy with malaria drug may help overcome resistance to melanoma BRAF drugs
A new preclinical study published online ahead of print in the Journal of Clinical Investigation from Penn Medicine researchers found that the root of BRAF drug resistance may lie in a never-before-seen autophagy mechanism induced by the BRAF inhibitors vermurafenib and dabrafenib.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steve Graff
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Two-pronged approach successfully targets DNA synthesis in leukemic cells
Researchers show that a novel two-pronged strategy targeting DNA synthesis can treat leukemia in mice while sparing damage to normal blood cells.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 23-Feb-2014
Nature Chemical Biology
Researchers create synthetic version of heparin for use in kidney patients
Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have created a synthetic form of low-molecular-weight heparin that can be reversed in cases of overdose and would be safer for patients with poor kidney function.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mary Martialay
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 23-Feb-2014
Nature Nanotechnology
Nanoparticles target anti-inflammatory drugs where needed
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have developed a system for precisely delivering anti-inflammatory drugs to immune cells gone out of control, while sparing their well-behaved counterparts. Their findings were published online Feb. 23 in Nature Nanotechnology.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Sharon Parmet
University of Illinois at Chicago

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3590.

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