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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3460.

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Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
American Heart Association High Blood Pressure Research Scientific Sessions 2013
Testing child's urine may help doctors identify risk for high blood pressure
Testing children's urine samples for sodium retention may help doctors identify those at risk for high blood pressure.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Darcy Spitz
Darcy.spitz@heart.org
212-878-5940
American Heart Association

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
Current Biology
Study sheds light on genetics of how and why fish swim in schools
How and why fish swim in schools has long fascinated biologists looking for clues to understand the complexities of social behavior. A new study by a team of researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center may help provide some insight.
NIH/Center of Excellence in Genomic Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Deborah Bach
media@fhcrc.org
206-667-2210
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Better verbal development during childhood linked to later drinking and intoxication
Previous research has found contradictory linkages among cognition, verbal skills, and later alcohol use. A new study has found that better verbal development during childhood predicts more frequent drinking and intoxication during adolescence and young adulthood. Study authors speculate this verbal/alcohol association may be partially due to peer associations.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, The Academy of Finland, The Finnish Foundation

Contact: Antti Latvala, Ph.D.
antti.latvala@helsinki.fi
358-919-127-224
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Individuals with a dual diagnosis can benefit from 12-step programs too
Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous can play an important role in addiction recovery. A new study examines the suitability of 12-step organizations for young adults with co-occurring substance use and psychiatric disorders, referred to as dual diagnosis (DD). Findings indicate that young adult DD patients show similar benefits compared with those diagnosed only with a substance use disorder.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, The Hazelden Foundation

Contact: Brandon G. Bergman, Ph.D.
bgbergman@partners.org
617-643-7563
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 12-Sep-2013
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Sober drinking knowledge often fails 'in the moment' of intoxication
Approximately one-third of all fatal crashes each year in the US involve an alcohol-impaired driver. New research compares individuals' perceived dangerousness of driving after drinking while intoxicated with those perceptions while sober. Results show that sober knowledge does not necessarily translate into responsible judgment while intoxicated.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Denis M. McCarthy, Ph.D.
mccarthydm@missouri.edu
573-882-0426
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Researchers win $5.25 million NIH grant to develop new single molecule electronic DNA sequencing platform
A team of researchers led by Columbia Engineering professor Jingyue Ju has won a three-year $5.25 million NIH grant to develop a novel integrated miniaturized system for real-time single molecule electronic DNA sequencing. This will help them develop their approach into a robust miniaturized platform that will allow the entire human genome to be deciphered for about $100, creating an ideal platform for personalized medicine and basic biomedical research.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
347-453-7408
Columbia University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
NIH awards CCNY $1.5 million to train addiction researchers
Aiming to increase the number of scientists from underrepresented minority groups conducting addiction research, the National Institute on Drug Abuse has awarded $1.5 million to support a new training program at the City College of New York.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Ellis Simon
esimon@ccny.cuny.edu
212-650-6460
City College of New York

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Nature
Discovery of cell division 'master controller' may improve understanding and treatment of cancer
In a study to be published in the journal Nature, two Dartmouth researchers have found that the protein cyclin A plays an important but previously unknown role in the cell division process, acting as a master controller to ensure the faithful segregation of chromosomes during cell division.
NIH/National Institute for General Medical Sciences

Contact: Derik Hertel
derik.hertel@dartmouth.edu
603-650-1211
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Nature
OHSU AIDS vaccine candidate appears to completely clear virus from the body
An HIV/AIDS vaccine candidate developed by researchers at Oregon Health & Science University appears to have the ability to completely clear an AIDS-causing virus from the body. The promising vaccine candidate is being developed at OHSU's Vaccine and Gene Therapy Institute. The research results were published online today by the journal Nature.
National Institutes of Health, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Todd Murphy
murphyt@ohsu.edu
503-494-8231
Oregon Health & Science University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Molecular & Cellular Proteomics
First proteomic analysis of birth defect demonstrates power of a new technique
The first proteomic analysis of an animal model of a rare, sometimes deadly birth defect, Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome, has revealed that the molecular mechanisms that cause it are more complex than previously understood.
National Institutes of Health, Research to Prevent Blindness, American Heart Association

Contact: Ellen Goldbaum
goldbaum@buffalo.edu
716-645-4605
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Annals of Surgery
Trauma centers serving mostly white patients have lower death rates for patients of all races
Nearly 80 percent of trauma centers in the United States that serve predominantly minority patients have higher-than-expected death rates, according to new Johns Hopkins research. Moreover, the research shows, trauma patients of all races are 40 percent less likely to die -- regardless of the severity of their injuries -- if they are treated at hospitals with lower-than-expected mortality rates, the vast majority of which serve predominantly white patients.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Services, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Molecular Psychiatry
International study provides new genetic clue to anorexia
The largest DNA-sequencing study of anorexia nervosa has linked the eating disorder to variants in a gene coding for an enzyme that regulates cholesterol metabolism. The finding suggests that anorexia could be caused in part by a disruption in the normal processing of cholesterol, which may disrupt mood and eating behavior.
Price Foundation of Switzerland, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mika Ono
mikaono@scripps.edu
858-784-2052
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Cell
'Merlin' is a matchmaker, not a magician
Johns Hopkins researchers have figured out the specific job of a protein long implicated in tumors of the nervous system. Reporting on a new study described in the Sept. 12 issue of the journal Cell, they detail what they call the "matchmaking" activities of a fruit fly protein called Merlin, whose human counterpart, NF2, is a tumor suppressor protein known to cause neurofibromatosis type II when mutated.
NIH/National Eye Institute, US Department of Defense, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Catherine Kolf
ckolf@jhmi.edu
443-287-2251
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Pediatrics
Drug treatment means better, less costly care for children with sickle cell disease
The benefits of hydroxyurea treatment in people with sickle cell disease are well known -- fewer painful episodes, fewer blood transfusions and fewer hospitalizations. Now new research from the Johns Hopkins Children's Center and other institutions reveals that by preventing such complications, the drug can also considerably lower the overall cost of medical care in children with this condition.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
epeshev1@jhmi.edu
410-502-9433
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Transplanting fat may be effective treatment for metabolic disease
Transplanting fat may treat such inherited metabolic diseases as maple syrup urine disease by helping the body process the essential amino acids that these patients cannot, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matthew Solovey
msolovey@hmc.psu.edu
717-531-8606
Penn State

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Lancet Oncology
Gene-expression-based biomarker predicts long-term risk of breast cancer recurrence
A comparison of three methods of predicting the risk of recurrence in women treated for estrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer finds that only the breast cancer index -- a biomarker based on the expression levels of seven tumor-specific genes -- accurately identifies patients who continue to be at risk after five years of treatment with either tamoxifen or the aromatase inhibitor anastrozole.
Avon Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Breast Cancer Foundation, US Department of Defense Breast Cancer Research Program

Contact: Katie Marquedant
kmarquedant@partners.org
617-726-0337
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Autistic children with better motor skills more adept at socializing
In a new study looking at toddlers and preschoolers with autism, researchers found that children with better motor skills were more adept at socializing and communicating.
National Institutes of Health, Simons Foundation, First Words, Blue Cross Blue Shield Foundation

Contact: Megan MacDonald
megan.macdonald@oregonstate.edu
541-737-3273
Oregon State University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Cell Host & Microbe
Biologists uncover mechanisms for cholera toxin's deadly effects
Biologists at the University of California, San Diego have identified an underlying biochemical mechanism that helps make cholera toxin so deadly, often resulting in life-threating diarrhea that causes people to lose as much as half of their body fluids in a single day.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Kim McDonald
kmcdonald@ucsd.edu
858-534-7572
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Nature
'Desperation DNA' synthesis could explain genetic mutations
Researchers have discovered the details of how cells repair breaks in both strands of their DNA, a potentially devastating kind of DNA damage. The latest research reveals a mode of replication that can operate in non-dividing cells -- the state of most of the body's cells -- making this kind of replication a potential route for cancer formation.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Hosick
dhosick@iupiu.edu
317-274-4585
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Nature
Unusual mechanism of DNA synthesis could explain genetic mutations
Researchers have discovered the details of how cells repair breaks in both strands of DNA, a potentially devastating kind of DNA damage.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Brett Israel
brett.israel@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-1933
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Neurology
Fat marker predicts cognitive decline in people with HIV
Johns Hopkins scientists have found that levels of certain fats found in cerebral spinal fluid can predict which patients with HIV are more likely to become intellectually impaired.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Test could identify which prostate cancers require treatment
The level of expression of three genes associated with aging can be used to predict whether seemingly low-risk prostate cancer will remain slow-growing, according to researchers. Use of this three-gene biomarker, in conjunction with existing cancer-staging tests, could help physicians better determine which men with early prostate cancer can be safely followed with "active surveillance" and spared the risks of prostate removal or other invasive treatment. The findings were published today in the online edition of Science Translational Medicine.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, T.J. Martell Foundation for Leukemia, Cancer & AIDS Research, American Cancer Society

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
ket2116@columbia.edu
212-342-0508
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Variation in bitter receptor mRNA expression affects taste perception
New findings from the Monell Center reveal that a person's sensitivity to bitter taste is shaped not only by which taste genes that person has, but also by how much messenger RNA -- the gene's instruction guide that tells a taste cell to build a specific receptor -- their taste cells make.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorder

Contact: Leslie Stein
stein@monell.org
267-519-4707
Monell Chemical Senses Center

Public Release: 11-Sep-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Testosterone deficiency not the only cause of age-associated changes in men
Just as the symptoms of menopause in women are attributed to a sharp drop in estrogen production, symptoms often seen in middle-aged men -- changes in body composition, energy, strength and sexual function -- are usually attributed to the less drastic decrease in testosterone production that typically occurs in the middle years. However, a study by Massachusetts General Hospital researchers finds that insufficient estrogen could be at least partially responsible for some of these symptoms.
National Institutes of Health, Abbott Laboratories

Contact: Mike Morrison
mdmorrison@partners.org
617-724-6425
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 10-Sep-2013
PLOS ONE
Multiple sclerosis appears to originate in different part of brain than long believed
A physician and scientist at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School has found an important clue why the search for the cause of multiple sclerosis has been slow -- it appears that most research on the origins of MS has focused on the wrong part of the brain. Look more to the gray matter and less to the white.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rob Forman
robert.forman@rutgers.edu
973-972-7276
Rutgers University

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3460.

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