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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3686.

<< < 130 | 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 > >>

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease
Insulin nasal spray shows promise as treatment for adults with dementia and Alzheimer's
A man-made form of insulin delivered by nasal spray may improve working memory and other mental capabilities in adults with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease dementia, according to a pilot study led by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.
NIH/National Institute of Aging, US Department of Veteran Affairs

Contact: Marguerite Beck
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Addictive Behaviors
Alcohol warnings from parents matter
Parenting practices and restrictions when it comes to alcohol use can make a difference with adolescent drinking, and there is considerable value to consistent and sustained parental attitudes about drinking, according to new research by a University at Buffalo psychologist.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Bert Gambini
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
Smoking, alcohol, gene variant interact to increase risk of chronic pancreatitis
Genetic mutations may link smoking and alcohol consumption to destruction of the pancreas observed in chronic pancreatitis, according to a 12-year study led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. The findings, published today in Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology, provides insight into why some people develop this painful and debilitating inflammatory condition while most heavy smokers or drinkers do not appear to suffer any problems with it.
National Institutes of Health, Conselleria de Industria e Innovación, Xunta de Galicia, Spain

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
New study findings help physicians and patients determine prostate cancer risk
A discovery by researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute shows that looking at whether a man's uncles and great-grandparents, among other second- and third-degree relatives, had prostate cancer could be as important as looking at whether his father had prostate cancer. A more complete family history would give physicians a new tool to decide whether or not a prostate-specific antigen test was appropriate.
US Department of Defense, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Huntsman Cancer Foundation

Contact: Linda Aagard
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Scientists illuminate mysterious molecular mechanism powering cells in most forms of life
A team led by structural biologists at The Scripps Research Institute has taken a big step toward understanding the intricate molecular mechanism of a metabolic enzyme produced in most forms of life on Earth. The finding concerns nicotinamide nucleotide transhydrogenase, an ancient evolutionary enzyme that is part of a process key to maintaining healthy cells and has also recently been linked to diseases such as diabetes and cancer.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Researchers grow functional tissue-engineered intestine from human cells
A new study by researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles has shown that tissue-engineered small intestine grown from human cells replicates key aspects of a functioning human intestine.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Debra Kain
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
PLOS Pathogens
Study links common human protein to adverse parasitic worm infections
Worm infections represent a major global public health problem, leading to a variety of debilitating diseases and conditions. Scientists at the University of California, Riverside and colleagues have made a discovery that could lead to more effective diagnostic and treatment strategies for worm infections and their symptoms. The researchers found that resistin, an immune protein commonly found in human serum, instigates an inappropriate inflammatory response to worm infections, impairing the clearance of the worm.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Kathy Barton
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Nutrition intervention leads to dietary behavior changes in Latina breast cancer survivors
An intervention designed to provide Latina breast cancer survivors with the knowledge and skills needed to change and sustain dietary behaviors helps survivors adhere to recommended guidelines to eat a diet high in fruits and vegetables. Using a culturally based hands-on educational approach, the program is geared toward Latina breast cancer survivors whose are at higher risk of high obesity rates, low physical activity rates, and poorer access to quality healthcare.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Molecular Cell
To trigger energy-burning brown fat, just chill
UC Berkeley researchers found that exposure to cold increases levels of a newly discovered protein that is critical for the formation of brown fat, the type of fat in our bodies that burns energy and generates heat. Mice with increased levels of this protein gained less weight than control mice after a month of eating a high-fat diet.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah Yang
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Cell Reports
Hacking fat cells' metabolism does not affect insulin resistance
In the race to find a safe and effective weight loss drug, much attention has focused on the chemical processes that store and use energy. But a new mouse study from Johns Hopkins suggests that tweaking these processes, even in a targeted way that affects only fat cells, may not yield a silver-bullet obesity cure. The study appears in the Jan. 13 issue of Cell Reports.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Journal of General Internal Medicine
BIDMC study suggests worsening trends in headache management
Each year more than 12 million Americans visit their doctors complaining of headaches, which result in lost productivity and costs of upward of $31 billion annually. A new study by researchers from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center suggests some of that cost could be offset by physicians ordering fewer tests and an increased focus on counseling about lifestyle changes.
US Health Services and Research Administration, Harvard Catalyst, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Jerry Berger
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Jan-2015
Nature Communications
Researchers make new discoveries in key pathway for neurological diseases
A new intermediate step and unexpected enzymatic activity in a metabolic pathway in the body, which could lead to new drug design for psychiatric and neurodegenerative diseases, has been discovered by researchers at Georgia State University.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 7-Jan-2015
Journal of Nutrition
Type 2 diabetes risk varies with magnesium intake, genes and ethnicity
A new study investigated the complex interactions between magnesium intake, genes and ethnicity in determining risk for type 2 diabetes in two populations of women. The specific associations yielded by the analysis illustrate how health guidance could become considerably more personalized.
National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 7-Jan-2015
Critical Care Medicine
Physical recovery in critically ill patients can predict remission of anxiety and PTSD symptoms
In a two-year longitudinal study involving 13 intensive care units in four US hospitals, researchers found that better physical functioning -- basic and complex activities considered essential for maintaining independence -- is associated with remission of general anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. These findings may help clinicians be better prepared for caring for the growing number of survivors of critical illness, potentially leading to a better quality of recovery for patients.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Johns Hopkins Institute for Clinical and Translational Research

Contact: Lauren Nelson
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 7-Jan-2015
Broad immune response may be needed to destroy latent HIV
A major barrier to finding a cure for HIV/AIDS is the presence of latent HIV in the cells of chronically infected individuals. But a team of Yale and Johns Hopkins researchers may have pinpointed a strategy for eliminating the residual virus.
National Institutes of Health, ARCHE Collaborative Research Grant from the Foundation for AIDS Research, Johns Hopkins Center for AIDS Research

Contact: Ziba Kashef or
Yale University

Public Release: 7-Jan-2015
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Analysis finds federal government under-funds chronic disease prevention research
The first comprehensive analysis of National Institutes of Health funding of research to prevent non-communicable chronic diseases shows that prevention research in the United States is severely underfunded. The study published today in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
The Vitality Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tom Langford
The Vitality Institute

Public Release: 7-Jan-2015
Psychological Science
Expressing anger linked with better health in some cultures
In the US and many Western countries, people are urged to manage feelings of anger or suffer its ill effects -- but new research with participants from the US and Japan suggests that anger may actually be linked with better, not worse, health in certain cultures. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 7-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New approach may lead to inhalable vaccines for influenza, pneumonia
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University have uncovered a novel approach to creating inhalable vaccines using nanoparticles that shows promise for targeting lung-specific diseases, such as influenza, pneumonia and tuberculosis.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Center for Translational Research, US Defense Threat Reduction Agency

Contact: Thania Benios
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Public Release: 7-Jan-2015
The best offense against bacteria is a good defense
A small protein active in the human immune response can disable bacterial toxins by exploiting a property that makes the toxins effective -- but also turns out to be a weakness.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Emily Caldwell
Ohio State University

Public Release: 7-Jan-2015
Scientists identify first nutrient sensor in key growth-regulating metabolic pathway
Whitehead Institute scientists have for the first time identified a protein that appears to act as a nutrient sensor in the key growth-regulating mTORC1 metabolic pathway.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense, American Cancer Society, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Fearer
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 7-Jan-2015
Nature Communications
Research findings have implications for regenerating damaged nerve cells
Two new studies involving the University of Colorado Boulder and the University of Queensland in Brisbane, Australia have identified a unique molecule that not only gobbles up bad cells, but also has the ability to repair damaged nerve cells.
Burroughs Wellcome Fund, National Institutes of Health, National Health and Medical Research Council, Australian Research Council

Contact: Ding Xue
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 7-Jan-2015
Brain scientists figure out how a protein crucial to learning and memory works
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have found out how a protein crucial to learning works: by removing a biochemical 'clamp' that prevents connections between nerve cells in the brain from growing stronger. The finding moves neuroscientists a step closer to figuring out how learning and memory work, and how problems with them can arise. A report on the discovery appears Jan. 7 in the journal Neuron.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Research Grant Council of Hong Kong, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 7-Jan-2015
JAMA Psychiatry
PTSD doubles diabetes risk in women
Women with post-traumatic stress disorder are nearly twice as likely to develop type 2 diabetes compared with women who don't have PTSD, according to researchers at the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University and Harvard School of Public Health. The longitudinal cohort study provides the strongest evidence to date of a causal relationship between PTSD and type 2 diabetes. Results are published online in the journal JAMA Psychiatry.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense

Contact: Tim Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 7-Jan-2015
Journal of the American Heart Association
An avocado a day may help keep bad cholesterol at bay
Individuals on a moderate-fat diet who ate an avocado every day had lower bad cholesterol than those on a similar diet without an avocado a day or on a lower-fat diet.
Hass Avocado Board, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Akeem Ranmal
American Heart Association

Public Release: 6-Jan-2015
International Journal of Cancer
Study suggests that dopamine is a safe anti-angiogenic drug in cancer treatment
A new study suggests that dopamine -- an inexpensive drug currently used to treat heart, vascular and kidney disorders -- can be safely used in cancer treatment to curb the growth of blood vessels in tumors.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Darrell E. Ward
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3686.

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