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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3609.

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Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin
'Horsing around' reduces stress hormones in youth
New research from Washington State University reveals how youth who work with horses experience a substantial reduction in stress -- and the evidence lies in kids' saliva.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Patricia Pendry
Washington State University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Controlling brain waves to improve vision
Researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois are using a novel technique to test brain waves to see how the brain processes external stimuli that do and don't reach our awareness.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Beckman Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Maeve Reilly
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Georgia State researcher gets $2.83 million grant to develop drugs for RSV infection
Dr. Richard Plemper, a professor in the new Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University, has received a five-year, $2.83 million federal grant to develop novel therapeutics against respiratory syncytial virus infection.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Childhood Obesity
Take the bat, leave the candy
'Take me out to the ballgame' doesn't exactly conjure up images of apple slices and kale chips. The more likely culprits include French fries, soda and the occasional box of Crackerjacks.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Marguerite Beck
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study: Altruistic adolescents less likely to become depressed
It is better to give than to receive -- at least if you're an adolescent and you enjoy giving, a new study suggests. The study found that 15- and 16-year-olds who find pleasure in pro-social activities, such as giving their money to family members, are less likely to become depressed than those who get a bigger thrill from taking risks or keeping the money for themselves.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Vanderbilt study finds physical signs of depression common among ICU survivors
Depression affects more than one out of three survivors of critical illness, according to a Vanderbilt study released in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, and the majority of patients experience their symptoms physically rather than mentally.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Dartmouth awarded lead role in NCI clinical trials network
Dartmouth will serve as a Lead Academic Participating Site in the National Cancer Institute's new National Clinical Trials Network, designed to improve speed and efficiency of cancer clinical trials.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Donna Dubuc
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
New ultrasound device may add in detecting risk for heart attack, stroke
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have developed a new ultrasound device that could help identify arterial plaque that is at high risk of breaking off and causing heart attack or stroke.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
Motor skill deficiencies linked to autism severity in new research
An Oregon State University researcher has found a relationship between motor skill deficiencies and the severity of the symptoms of autism spectrum disorder in very young children. The findings indicate that development of motor skills should be included in treatment plans for young children with autism.
Blue Cross Blue Shield Foundation of Michigan, Simons Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Child Health

Contact: Megan MacDonald
Oregon State University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Genetic legacy from the Ottoman Empire: Single mutation causes rare brain disorder
An international team of researchers have identified a previously unknown neurodegenerative disorder and discovered it is caused by a single mutation in one individual born during the Ottoman Empire in Turkey about 16 generations ago.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, Gregory M. Kiez and Mehmet Kutman Foundation

Contact: Bill Hathaway
Yale University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
To mark territory or not to mark territory: Breaking the pheromone code
A team led by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute has deciphered the surprisingly versatile code by which chemical cues help trigger some of the most basic behaviors in mice. The findings shed light on the evolution of mammalian behaviors -- which include human behaviors -- and their underlying brain mechanisms.
National Institutes of Health, Skaggs Foundation, Ellison Medical Foundation, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Volkswagen Foundation

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Increasing daily coffee consumption may reduce type 2 diabetes risk
People who increased the amount of coffee they drank each day by more than one cup over a four-year period had a 11 percent lower risk for type 2 diabetes than those who made no changes to their coffee consumption, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health researchers. In addition, the study found that those who decreased their coffee consumption by more than a cup per day increased their type 2 diabetes risk by 17 percent.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, Nestec Ltd.

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Scientists reprogram blood cells into blood stem cells in mice
Researchers have reprogrammed mature blood cells from mice into blood-forming hematopoietic stem cells, using a cocktail of eight genetic switches called transcription factors. The reprogrammed cells are able to self-renew like HSCs and can give rise to all of the cellular components of the blood like HSCs. The findings mark a significant step toward a major goal of regenerative medicine: the ability to produce HSCs suitable for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from other cell types.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Aging, and others

Contact: Irene Sege
Boston Children's Hospital

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Researchers discover new genetic brain disorder in humans
A newly identified genetic disorder associated with degeneration of the central and peripheral nervous systems in humans, along with the genetic cause, is reported in the April 24, 2014, issue of Cell.
National Institutes of Health, Gregory M. Kiez and Mehmet Kutman Foundation

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Cell Reports
New type of protein action found to regulate development
Johns Hopkins researchers report they have figured out how the aptly named protein Botch blocks the signaling protein called Notch, which helps regulate development. In a report on the discovery, to appear online April 24 in the journal Cell Reports, the scientists say they expect the work to lead to a better understanding of how a single protein, Notch, directs actions needed for the healthy development of organs as diverse as brains and kidneys.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund, McKnight Endowment Fund for Neuroscience Brain Disorders

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Use of frozen material for fecal transplant successfully treats C. difficile infection
A pilot study by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators may lead to greater availability and acceptability of an unusual treatment for a serious medical problem -- use of fecal material from healthy donors to treat recurrent diarrhea caused by the Clostridium difficile bacteria. The researchers report that use of prescreened frozen material from donors unrelated to patients was as successful in curing recurrent C. difficile as was the use of fresh fecal material reported in previous studies.
NIH/National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Kristen Chadwick
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Fruit fly study identifies brain circuit that drives daily cycles of rest, activity
Researchers describe a circuit in the brain of fruit flies that controls their daily, rhythmic behavior of rest and activity. They also found that the fly version of the human brain protein known as corticotrophin releasing factor is a major coordinating molecule in this circuit.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Cell Reports
Researchers pinpoint protein crucial for development of biological rhythms in mice
Johns Hopkins researchers report that they have identified a protein essential to the formation of the tiny brain region in mice that coordinates sleep-wake cycles and other so-called circadian rhythms. By disabling the gene for that key protein in test animals, the scientists were able to home in on the mechanism by which that brain region, known as the suprachiasmatic nucleus or SCN, becomes the body's master clock while the embryo is developing.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Brain Science Institute

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Researchers create comprehensive map of human B cell development
A Columbia and Stanford team describes a new method for mapping cellular development at the single cell level. By combining emerging technologies with a new, advanced computational algorithm, they created the most comprehensive map ever made of human B cell development. The approach will improve the ability to investigate development in cells of all types, help identify rare aberrations that lead to disease, and guide the next generation of research in regenerative medicine.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Packard

Contact: Christopher Williams
Columbia University

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
New study links inflammation in those with PTSD to changes in microRNA
With a new generation of military veterans returning home from Iraq and Afghanistan, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has become a prominent concern in American medical institutions and the culture at-large. Estimates indicate that as many as 35 percent of personnel deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan suffer from PTSD. New research from the University of South Carolina School of Medicine is shedding light on how PTSD is linked to other diseases in fundamental and surprising ways.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeff Stensland
University of South Carolina

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Games for Health Journal
Cyber buddy is better than 'no buddy'
A Michigan State University researcher is looking to give exercise enthusiasts the extra nudge they need during a workout, and her latest research shows that a cyber buddy can help.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarina Gleason
Michigan State University

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Pollutants from coal-burning stoves strongly associated with miscarriages in Mongolia
Burning coal for domestic heating may contribute to early fetal death according to a new study by experts from the Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles and Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia -- the coldest capital city in the world.
NIH/Fogarty International Center, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Ellin Kavanagh
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Molecular Cell
Study identifies enzymes that help fix cancer-causing DNA defects
Purdue University researchers have identified an important enzyme pathway that helps prevent new cells from receiving too many or too few chromosomes, a condition that has been directly linked to cancer and other diseases.
National Institutes of Health, Purdue University Center for Cancer Research

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
Purdue University

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Novel compound halts cocaine addiction and relapse behaviors
A novel compound that targets an important brain receptor has a dramatic effect against a host of cocaine addiction behaviors, including relapse behavior, a University at Buffalo animal study has found.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ellen Goldbaum
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Psychological Science
ADHD drug may help preserve our self-control resources
Methylphenidate, also known as Ritalin, may prevent the depletion of self-control, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
National Institutes of Health, John Templeton Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Showing releases 3351-3375 out of 3609.

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