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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3376-3400 out of 3618.

<< < 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 > >>

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Model predicts blood glucose levels 30 minutes later
A mathematical model created by Penn State researchers can predict with more than 90 percent accuracy the blood glucose levels of individuals with type 1 diabetes up to 30 minutes in advance of imminent changes in their levels -- plenty of time to take preventative action.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sensing gravity with acid
While probing how organisms sense gravity and acceleration, scientists at the Marine Biological Laboratory and the University of Utah uncovered evidence that acid (proton concentration) plays a key role in communication between neurons. The surprising discovery is reported this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Diana Kenney
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Haynes is first to identify cellular patterns of contraction in human hearts
Premi Haynes, a physiology Ph.D. candidate in the Campbell Muscle Lab at the University of Kentucky, has documented the different cellular patterns and mechanical functions in contractions of the human heart. The findings indicate possible therapeutic targets for treatment of disease and heart failure.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mallory Powell
University of Kentucky

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Brain differences in college-aged occasional drug users
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered impaired neuronal activity in the parts of the brain associated with anticipatory functioning among occasional 18- to 24-year-old users of stimulant drugs, such as cocaine, amphetamines and prescription drugs such as Adderall.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
The search is on for a hepatitis B drug, thanks to a million dollars in NIH grants to SLU
Two grants from the National Institutes of Health will allow Saint Louis University researchers to build on breakthroughs in understanding the hepatitis B virus and begin the search for a drug to cure -- not just halt -- the illness.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Carrie Bebermeyer
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Comparative Neurology
USF study: Blood-brain barrier repair after stroke may prevent chronic brain deficits
Following ischemic stroke, the integrity of the blood-brain barrier, which prevents harmful substances such as inflammatory molecules from entering the brain, can be impaired in cerebral areas distant from initial ischemic insult. This disruptive condition, known as diaschisis, can lead to chronic post-stroke deficits, University of South Florida researchers report in a recent issue of the Journal of Comparative Neurology.
National Institutes of Health, James and Esther King Biomedical Research Program

Contact: Anne DeLotto Baier
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Chemical Biology
MRI reveals genetic activity
New MIT technique could help decipher genes' roles in learning and memory.
Raymond & Beverly Sackler Foundation, National Institutes of Health, MIT-Germany Seed Fund

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Twenty-five percent of breast cancer survivors report financial decline due to treatment
Four years after being treated for breast cancer, a quarter of survivors say they are worse off financially, at least partly because of their treatment, according to a new study led by University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Advanced Healthcare Materials
Catheter innovation destroys dangerous biofilms
Duke University engineers have developed a new design that could help eliminate the threat of infection from millions of urinary catheters. The dual-channel design uses a mechanical method to uproot biofilms from their moorings so that they can easily be flushed away.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
Mentally challenging jobs may keep your mind sharp long after retirement
A mentally demanding job may stress you out today but can provide important benefits after you retire, according to a new study.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, US Social Security Administration

Contact: Diane Swanbrow
University of Michigan

Public Release: 25-Mar-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
EEG study shows how brain infers structure, rules when learning
A new study documents the brain activity underlying our strong tendency to infer a structure of context and rules when learning new tasks (even when a structure isn't valid). The findings, which revealed individual differences, shows how we try to apply task knowledge to similar situations and could inform future research on learning disabilities.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Cell Host & Microbe
Research study takes deeper look at the role of gut microbes in the immune system
New research suggests that gut microorganisms do not merely influence immune cell function, but also support the production of immune cells that form the first line of defense against infection. By understanding the mechanisms responsible for maintaining and replacing immune cells, researchers hope to one day develop targeted therapies to support and boost immune function in humans.
National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Cedars-Sinai Regenerative Medicine Institute

Contact: Cara Martinez
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
New discovery finds missing hormone in birds
How does the Arctic tern (a sea bird) fly more than 80,000 miles in its roundtrip North Pole-to-South Pole migration? How does the Emperor penguin incubate eggs for months during the Antarctic winter without eating? These physiological gymnastics would usually be influenced by leptin, the hormone that regulates body fat storage, metabolism and appetite. However, leptin has gone missing in birds -- until now.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Denise Henry
University of Akron

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Research reveals new depths of complexity in nerve cells
Using mutant C. elegans, scientists found the protein CaM Kinase II plays a significant role in controlling when and where neuropeptides are released from neurons.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Greg Elwell
Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
One in 10 male, same-sex Craigslist ads seek men who don't identify as gay
Online sexual hook-ups present a unique opportunity to explore many factors of decision-making that inform sexual health. A latest study conducted at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and the National Development and Research Institutes found evidence that men having sex with men use the Internet to find sexual partners who do not identify as gay, either to fulfill a fantasy or because it allows anonymous sexual encounters without discovery.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Adult day-care services boost beneficial stress hormones in caregivers
Family caregivers show an increase in the beneficial stress hormone DHEA-S on days when they use an adult day care service for their relatives with dementia, according to researchers at Penn State and the University of Texas at Austin.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Nature Methods
New technique for identifying gene-enhancers
Berkeley Lab researchers led the development of a new technique for identifying gene enhancers -- sequences of DNA that act to amplify the expression of a specific gene -- in the genomes of humans and other mammals. Called SIF-seq, this new technique complements existing genomic tools, such as ChIP-seq, and offers additional benefits.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lynn Yarris
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Obamacare: 42 percent of Americans can't explain a deductible
The week before open enrollment closes for new health care exchanges, a study shows that those who might potentially benefit the most from the Affordable Care Act -- including those earning near the federal poverty level -- are also the most clueless about health care policies.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Suzanne Wu
University of Southern California

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Protein plays key role in infection by oral pathogen
Scientists at Forsyth, along with a colleague from Northwestern University, have discovered that the protein, Transgultaminase 2 is a key component in the process of gum disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jennifer Kelly
Forsyth Institute

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Circulation Research
Protein called YAP gives blood vessels strength, shape
A protein known to promote cancer appears to give the blood vessels strength and shape, researchers report.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
University of Cincinnati to study impact of blood 'microparticles' in inflammation, injury
University of Cincinnati trauma and critical care researcher Timothy Pritts, M.D., Ph.D., has received a National Institutes of Health grant to better understand how 'microparticles' in stored blood can contribute to inflammation and injury after resuscitation from traumatic injury. The five-year, $1.5 million R01 research award from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences will allow Pritts' team to investigate the nature of microparticles that bud off of damaged or active blood cells during storage.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Katy Cosse
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
For neurons in the brain, identity can be used to predict location
There are many types of neurons of neurons, defined largely by the patterns of genes they use, and they 'live' in distinct brain regions. But researchers do not yet have a comprehensive understanding of these neuronal types and how they are distributed in the brain. A team of scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory describes a new mathematical model that combines large data sets to predict where different types of cells are located within the brain.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Annals of Rheumatic Diseases
Study finds gout drug may reduce risk of death
In a recently to be published study in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, researchers have found the use of the drug allopurinol was associated with a reduced risk of death in hyperuricemic (gout) patients. The study, the first in a general population, has found the overall benefit of allopurinol on survival may outweigh the impact of rare serious adverse effects.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, Arthritis Foundation

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Molecular Psychiatry
Diabetes drug shows promise in reducing Alzheimer's disease in an experimental model
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine have found that the diabetic drug, pramlintide, reduces amyloid-beta peptides, a major component of Alzheimer's disease in the brain and improves learning and memory in two experimental Alzheimer's disease models. These findings, which appear online in Molecular Psychiatry, also found Alzheimer's disease patients have a lower level of amylin in blood compared to those without this disease. These results may provide a new avenue for both treatment and diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Ignition Award, Boston University Alzheimer's Disease Center pilot grant

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists find a molecular clue to the complex mystery of auxin signaling in plants
Plants fine-tune the response of their cells to the potent plant hormone auxin by means of large families of proteins that either step on the gas or put on the brake in auxin's presence. Scientists at Washington University have learned that one of these proteins, a transcription factor, has an interaction region that, like a button magne, has a positive and negative face. Because of this domain, the protein can bind two other proteins or even chains of proteins arranged back to front.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Diana Lutz
Washington University in St. Louis

Showing releases 3376-3400 out of 3618.

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