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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3376-3400 out of 3613.

<< < 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 > >>

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Teens who use alcohol and marijuana together are at higher risk for unsafe driving
Teenagers who drink alcohol and smoke marijuana may be at increased risk for unsafe driving, according to a study in the May issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Yvonne M. Terry-McElrath
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Public Release: 27-Apr-2014
American Academy of Neurology's 66th Annual Meeting
Penn Medicine experts identify geographic and gender disparities among stroke patients
Stroke researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania will unveil a map demonstrating geographic hotspots of increased stroke mortality across the United States, among a series of stroke studies being presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 66th Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, April 26 to May 3, 2014.
NIH/Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Contact: Kim Menard
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 25-Apr-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
Today's statin users consume more calories and fat than their predecessors
People who took statins in the 2009-10 year were consuming more calories and fat than those who used statins 10 years earlier. There was no similar increase in caloric and fat intake among non-statin users during that decade.
National Institutes of Health, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, and others

Contact: Enrique Rivero
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 25-Apr-2014
Nature Biotechnology
New genome-editing platform significantly increases accuracy of CRISPR-based systems
A next-generation genome editing system developed by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators substantially decreases the risk of producing unwanted, off-target gene mutations. In a paper receiving online publication in Nature Biotechnology, the researchers report a new CRISPR-based RNA-guided nuclease technology that uses two guide RNAs, significantly reducing the chance of cutting through DNA strands at mismatched sites.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sue McGreevey
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 25-Apr-2014
Rutgers gets up to $26 million grant to lead development of new antibiotics
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health has selected infectious disease expert David Perlin, executive director of the Public Health Research Institute at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, to lead a major research effort aimed at developing new forms of antibiotics to regain the upper hand over deadly bacteria that have become resistant to current treatments.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Rob Forman
Rutgers University

Public Release: 25-Apr-2014
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
'Beneficial inflammation' may promote healing in pulmonary fibrosis
Inflammation has long been considered an integral part of the biological process that leads to deadly scarring in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. New research at National Jewish Health, however, suggests that a little inflammation may also be crucial to the healing and repair processes in the lungs.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: William Allstetter
National Jewish Health

Public Release: 25-Apr-2014
Genome regions once mislabeled 'junk' linked to heart failure
Large sections of the genome that were once referred to as 'junk' DNA have been linked to human heart failure, according to research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Center for Research Resource

Contact: Diane Duke Williams
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 25-Apr-2014
Cell Reports
UNC researchers link aging to cellular interactions that occur across generations
By studying the reproductive cells of nematodes -- tiny worms found in soil and compost bins -- Shawn Ahmed, Ph.D., an associate professor of genetics, identified the Piwi/piRNA genome silencing pathway, the loss of which results in infertility after many generations. He also found a signaling pathway -- a series of molecular interactions inside cells -- that he could tweak to overcome infertility while also causing the worms to live longer adult lives.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 25-Apr-2014
New Translational Addiction Sciences Center poised to make headway in treatment of addiction
The National Institute on Drug Abuse has awarded a five-year, $6.6 million grant to the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston to establish the Translational Addiction Sciences Center. The center will investigate the mechanisms underlying addiction with the goal of discovering and validating novel treatment options.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Maureen Balleza
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Human-Animal Interaction Bulletin
'Horsing around' reduces stress hormones in youth
New research from Washington State University reveals how youth who work with horses experience a substantial reduction in stress -- and the evidence lies in kids' saliva.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Patricia Pendry
Washington State University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Controlling brain waves to improve vision
Researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois are using a novel technique to test brain waves to see how the brain processes external stimuli that do and don't reach our awareness.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Beckman Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Maeve Reilly
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Georgia State researcher gets $2.83 million grant to develop drugs for RSV infection
Dr. Richard Plemper, a professor in the new Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University, has received a five-year, $2.83 million federal grant to develop novel therapeutics against respiratory syncytial virus infection.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Childhood Obesity
Take the bat, leave the candy
'Take me out to the ballgame' doesn't exactly conjure up images of apple slices and kale chips. The more likely culprits include French fries, soda and the occasional box of Crackerjacks.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Marguerite Beck
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study: Altruistic adolescents less likely to become depressed
It is better to give than to receive -- at least if you're an adolescent and you enjoy giving, a new study suggests. The study found that 15- and 16-year-olds who find pleasure in pro-social activities, such as giving their money to family members, are less likely to become depressed than those who get a bigger thrill from taking risks or keeping the money for themselves.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Vanderbilt study finds physical signs of depression common among ICU survivors
Depression affects more than one out of three survivors of critical illness, according to a Vanderbilt study released in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, and the majority of patients experience their symptoms physically rather than mentally.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Dartmouth awarded lead role in NCI clinical trials network
Dartmouth will serve as a Lead Academic Participating Site in the National Cancer Institute's new National Clinical Trials Network, designed to improve speed and efficiency of cancer clinical trials.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Donna Dubuc
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control
New ultrasound device may add in detecting risk for heart attack, stroke
Researchers from North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have developed a new ultrasound device that could help identify arterial plaque that is at high risk of breaking off and causing heart attack or stroke.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
Motor skill deficiencies linked to autism severity in new research
An Oregon State University researcher has found a relationship between motor skill deficiencies and the severity of the symptoms of autism spectrum disorder in very young children. The findings indicate that development of motor skills should be included in treatment plans for young children with autism.
Blue Cross Blue Shield Foundation of Michigan, Simons Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Child Health

Contact: Megan MacDonald
Oregon State University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Genetic legacy from the Ottoman Empire: Single mutation causes rare brain disorder
An international team of researchers have identified a previously unknown neurodegenerative disorder and discovered it is caused by a single mutation in one individual born during the Ottoman Empire in Turkey about 16 generations ago.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, Gregory M. Kiez and Mehmet Kutman Foundation

Contact: Bill Hathaway
Yale University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
To mark territory or not to mark territory: Breaking the pheromone code
A team led by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute has deciphered the surprisingly versatile code by which chemical cues help trigger some of the most basic behaviors in mice. The findings shed light on the evolution of mammalian behaviors -- which include human behaviors -- and their underlying brain mechanisms.
National Institutes of Health, Skaggs Foundation, Ellison Medical Foundation, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Volkswagen Foundation

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Increasing daily coffee consumption may reduce type 2 diabetes risk
People who increased the amount of coffee they drank each day by more than one cup over a four-year period had a 11 percent lower risk for type 2 diabetes than those who made no changes to their coffee consumption, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health researchers. In addition, the study found that those who decreased their coffee consumption by more than a cup per day increased their type 2 diabetes risk by 17 percent.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, Nestec Ltd.

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Scientists reprogram blood cells into blood stem cells in mice
Researchers have reprogrammed mature blood cells from mice into blood-forming hematopoietic stem cells, using a cocktail of eight genetic switches called transcription factors. The reprogrammed cells are able to self-renew like HSCs and can give rise to all of the cellular components of the blood like HSCs. The findings mark a significant step toward a major goal of regenerative medicine: the ability to produce HSCs suitable for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from other cell types.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Aging, and others

Contact: Irene Sege
Boston Children's Hospital

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Researchers discover new genetic brain disorder in humans
A newly identified genetic disorder associated with degeneration of the central and peripheral nervous systems in humans, along with the genetic cause, is reported in the April 24, 2014, issue of Cell.
National Institutes of Health, Gregory M. Kiez and Mehmet Kutman Foundation

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Cell Reports
New type of protein action found to regulate development
Johns Hopkins researchers report they have figured out how the aptly named protein Botch blocks the signaling protein called Notch, which helps regulate development. In a report on the discovery, to appear online April 24 in the journal Cell Reports, the scientists say they expect the work to lead to a better understanding of how a single protein, Notch, directs actions needed for the healthy development of organs as diverse as brains and kidneys.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund, McKnight Endowment Fund for Neuroscience Brain Disorders

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Use of frozen material for fecal transplant successfully treats C. difficile infection
A pilot study by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators may lead to greater availability and acceptability of an unusual treatment for a serious medical problem -- use of fecal material from healthy donors to treat recurrent diarrhea caused by the Clostridium difficile bacteria. The researchers report that use of prescreened frozen material from donors unrelated to patients was as successful in curing recurrent C. difficile as was the use of fresh fecal material reported in previous studies.
NIH/National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Kristen Chadwick
Massachusetts General Hospital

Showing releases 3376-3400 out of 3613.

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