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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3376-3400 out of 3557.

<< < 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 > >>

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
Nature
U-M scientists & colleagues investigate the fiber of our being
New research begins to uncover how our gut bacteria metabolize the complex dietary carbohydrates found in fruits and vegetables.
National Institutes of Health, Global Probiotics Council

Contact: Kara Gavin
kegavin@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Scientists discover a new pathway for fear deep within the brain
Fear is primal. In the wild, it serves as a protective mechanism, but for humans, fear is more complex. A normal amount keeps us safe. But too much fear, like PTSD, can prevent people from living healthy lives. Researchers are working to understand how the brain translates fear into action. Today, CSHL scientists announce the discovery of a new neural circuit that links the site of fear memory with a brain area that controls behavior.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
jjansen@cshl.edu
516-367-8455
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
PLOS ONE
Many stroke patients on 'clot-busting' tPA may not need long stays in the ICU
A Johns Hopkins study of patients with ischemic stroke suggests that many of those who receive prompt hospital treatment with "clot-busting" tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) therapy can avoid lengthy, restrictive monitoring in an intensive care unit (ICU).
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
International Stroke Conference
Stroke
Use of mortality as measure of stroke care questioned
A new study disputes the effectiveness of mortality as a measure of the quality of care provided by hospitals to stroke patients. The paper found that use of do-not-resuscitate orders differ widely between hospitals and that this variation can significantly skew a hospital's quality "ranking" based on mortality.
Donald W. Reynolds Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mark Michaud
mark_michaud@urmc.rochester.edu
585-273-4790
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
International Stroke Conference
Sleep apnea common among stroke-related brainstem injuries
Stroke damage to the brainstem is associated with the presence and severity of sleep apnea.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen Astle
karen.astle@heart.org
214-706-1392
American Heart Association

Public Release: 12-Feb-2014
International Stroke Conference
Common infections linked to stroke in children; vaccines may reduce risk
Common infections are associated with a significantly greater risk of stroke in children. Recommended vaccinations may help decrease the risk of stroke in children.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen Astle
karen.astle@heart.org
214-706-1392
American Heart Association

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Nature
Researchers find source of new lineage of immune cells
The elusive progenitor cells that give rise to innate lymphoid cells -- a recently discovered group of infection-fighting white blood cells -- have been identified in fetal liver and adult bone marrow of mice.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: John Easton
john.easton@uchospitals.edu
773-795-5225
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Circulation
New imaging technique can diagnose common heart condition
A new imaging technique for measuring blood flow in the heart and vessels can diagnose a common congenital heart abnormality, bicuspid aortic valve, and may lead to better prediction of complications. The study revealed a previously unknown relationship between heart valve abnormalities, blood flow changes in the heart and aortic disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
marla-paul@northwestern.edu
312-503-8928
Northwestern University

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UNC study reveals potential route to bladder cancer diagnostics, treatments
UNC School of Medicine researchers conducted a genetic analysis of invasive bladder cancer tumors to discover that the disease shares genetic similarities with two forms of breast cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: William Davis
william_davis@med.unc.edu
919-966-5906
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Penn Medicine: Cognitive development 'growth charts' may help diagnose and treat psychosis-risk kids
Penn Medicine researchers have developed a better way to assess and diagnose psychosis in young children. By "growth charting" cognitive development alongside the presentation of psychotic symptoms, they have demonstrated that the most significant lags in cognitive development correlate with the most severe cases of psychosis. Their findings are published online this month in JAMA Psychiatry.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lee-Ann Landis Donegan
leeann.donegan@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5660
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Molecular Psychiatry
New evidence shows how chronic stress predisposes brain to mental disorders
UC Berkeley biologist Daniela Kaufer and colleagues have shown in rats that chronic stress makes stem cells in the brain produce more myelin-producing cells and fewer neurons, possibly affecting the speed of connections between cells as well as memory and learning. This could explain why stress leads to mental illness, such as PTSD, anxiety and mood disorders, later in life.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Brain & Behavior Research Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Leukemia
New target isolated for leukemia drug development
The protein WTAP and its relationship to Heat shock protein 90 are two discoveries at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio that open the door to developing more effective therapies in Acute Myeloid Leukemia.
Castella Endowment for Aging Research; NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Hyundai Hope on Wheels

Contact: Elizabeth Allen
allenea@uthscsa.edu
210-450-2020
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
FASEB Journal
Nanoparticles treat muscular dystrophy in mice
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have demonstrated a new approach to treating muscular dystrophy. Mice with a form of this muscle-weakening disease showed improved strength and heart function when treated with nanoparticles loaded with rapamycin, an immunosuppressive drug recently found to improve recycling of cellular waste.
National Institutes of Health, Muscular Dystrophy Association, American Heart Association

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
straitj@wustl.edu
314-286-0141
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Journal of Adolescent Health
Data on today's youth reveal childhood clues for later risk of STDs
Here's yet another reason to focus on kids' early years. Children who grow up in well-managed households, enjoy school, and have friends who stay out of trouble report fewer sexually transmitted diseases in young adulthood, according to a new analysis.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Contact: Molly McElroy
mollywmc@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Study: Resilience in parents of children undergoing stem cell transplant
After a child's stem cell transplant, parents feel increased distress at the time of the procedure, but eventually recover to normal levels of adjustment.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Garth Sundem
garth.sundem@ucdenver.edu
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Behavior Therapy
RI Hospital: Cognitive behavioral therapy benefits patients with body dysmorphic disorder
In a recent study, researchers at Rhode Island Hospital found significant benefits of cognitive behavioral therapy as a treatment modality for patients with Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). BDD is a common, often severe, and under-recognized body image disorder that affects an estimated 1.7 percent to 2.4 percent of the population. This study demonstrated significant improvement in patients' BDD symptoms and level of disability, as well as high levels of patient satisfaction with the treatment.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Ellen Slingsby
eslingsby@lifespan.org
401-444-6421
Lifespan

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
PLOS Pathogens
Could statins be used to fight a deadly viral infection?
Two Perelman School of Medicine microbiologists may have found a way to use statins, the well-known blockbuster cholesterol-lowering drugs, to fight the hantavirus, a mysterious and lethal microorganism that appeared suddenly in the US southwest over 20 years ago.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
mBio
A breast cancer drug to fight fungal disease?
The drug tamoxifen appears to kill a fungus associated with a deadly brain infection that afflicts HIV/AIDS patients, according to a University of Rochester study published online today by mBio, the journal of the American Society for Microbiology.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease

Contact: Leslie Orr
Leslie_Orr@urmc.rochester.edu
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Psychological Science
After committing a crime, guilt and shame predict re-offense
Within three years of being released from jail, two out of every three inmates in the US wind up behind bars again -- a problem that contributes to the highest incarceration rate of any country in the world. New research suggests that the degree to which inmates' express guilt or shame may provide an indicator of how likely they are to re-offend.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Brilliant blue G may shine in treating traumatic brain injuries
A close cousin of the dye that makes fabric, M&M's and sports drinks blue may improve recovery from traumatic brain injuries.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@gru.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Psychological Medicine
Smoking cessation may improve mental health
Although many health professionals who treat people with psychiatric problems overlook their patients' smoking habits, new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis shows that people who struggle with mood problems or addiction can safely quit smoking and that kicking the habit is associated with improved mental health.
NIH/National Center for Research Resources, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, American Cancer Society

Contact: Jim Dryden
jdryden@wustl.edu
314-286-0110
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Exercise may slow retinal degeneration
Moderate aerobic exercise helps to preserve retinal function in a model of age-related macular degeneration.
NIH/National Eye Institute, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Abraham J. and Phyllis Katz Foundation

Contact: Quinn Eastman
qeastma@emory.edu
404-727-7829
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
The Journal of Neuroscience
Exercise may slow progression of retinal degeneration
Moderate aerobic exercise helps to preserve the structure and function of nerve cells in the retina after damage, according a Feb. 12 in The Journal of Neuroscience. The findings suggest exercise may be able to slow the progression of retinal degenerative diseases. Age-related macular degeneration, one of the leading causes of blindness in the elderly, is caused by the death of light-sensing nerve cells in the retina called photoreceptors.
NIH/National Eye Institute, US Department of Veterans Administration Affairs, Katz Foundation

Contact: Anne Nicholas
media@sfn.org
202-962-4060
Society for Neuroscience

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
JAMA
Kidney failure risk for organ donors 'extremely low'
The risk of a kidney donor developing kidney failure in the remaining organ is much lower than in the population at large, even when compared with people who have two kidneys, according to results of new Johns Hopkins research.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
How our brain networks: Research reveals white matter 'scaffold' of human brain
For the first time, neuroscientists have systematically mapped the white matter "scaffold" of the human brain, the critical communications network that supports brain function.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Suzanne Wu
suzanne.wu@usc.edu
213-740-5552
University of Southern California

Showing releases 3376-3400 out of 3557.

<< < 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 > >>

     
   

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