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Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3376-3400 out of 3767.

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Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
Cell Metabolism
Live and let-7: MicroRNA plays surprising role in cell survival
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified a microRNA molecule as a surprisingly crucial player in managing cell survival and growth. The findings, published in the Oct. 7 issue of Cell Metabolism, underscore the emerging recognition that non-coding RNAs -- small molecules that are not translated into working proteins -- help regulate basic cellular processes and may be key to developing new drugs and therapies.
National Institutes of Health, Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
PLOS Biology
How female flies know when to say 'yes'
A fundamental question in neurobiology is how animals, including humans, make decisions. A new study publishing in PLOS Biology on Oct. 7 reveals how fruit fly females make a very important decision: to either accept or reject male courtship. This decision appears to be generated by a very small number of excitatory neurons that use acetylcholine as their neurotransmitter located in three brain regions. This study provides the framework to understand how decisions are generated.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: PLOS Biology

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
JAMA findings reveal vaccine approach to fight pandemic bird flu
A Saint Louis University study in JAMA reveals a vaccination strategy researchers can continue to study to protect people from bird flu that has the potential to become epidemic.
NIH/National Insitite of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Nancy Solomon
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 7-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
A new pathway discovered regulating autoimmune diseases
Researchers found that NAD+, a natural molecule found in living cells, plants and food protects against autoimmune diseases by altering the immune response and turning 'destructive' cells into 'protective' cells.
National Institutes of Health, Slim Foundation

Contact: Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology
Asthma risk varies with ethnic ancestry among Latinos, UCSF team finds
Native-American ancestry is associated with a lower asthma risk, but African ancestry is associated with a higher risk, according to the largest-ever study of how genetic variation influences asthma risk in Latinos, in whom both African- and Native-American ancestry is common.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Program to reduce hospital readmissions doesn't have impact
Researchers at UC San Francisco have found that a nurse-led intervention program designed to reduce readmissions among ethnically and linguistically diverse older patients did not improve 30-day hospital readmission rates.
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott Maier
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Case Western Reserve scientist captures prestigious NIH director's New Innovator Award
For the second consecutive year, a Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine researcher has landed one of the year's much-coveted Director's New Innovator Awards from the National Institutes of Health. Principal investigator Rong Xu, Ph.D., assistant professor of medical informatics, will receive $2,377,000 for five years, starting immediately, to initiate computational analysis of thousands of drugs and their effects.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
High-sugar diet no problem for genetic mutants
Scientists find a genetic pathway for circumventing the weight gain that accompanies a high-sugar diet.
National Institutes of Health, Ellison Medical Foundation, American Federation of Aging Research

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Guang Yue, Ph.D., of Kessler Foundation awarded NIH grant for cancer rehabilitation research
Guang Yue, Ph.D., of Kessler Foundation has been awarded an NIH grant for $1,962,767 to study the impact of high-effort training on the muscle weakness that impairs quality life for individuals with cancer. Dr. Yue is the Foundation's director of Human Performance & Engineering Research. This five-year RO1 grant will enable him to pursue his preliminary findings that indicate that high-effort combined with low-intensity muscle exercise training can significantly improve muscle strength in women with breast cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Carolann Murphy
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
UCI stem cell scientist wins coveted NIH New Innovator Award
UC Irvine scientist Weian Zhao will receive a prestigious National Institutes of Health Director's New Innovator Award to further his efforts to create stem cell-based detection methods and treatments for cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Nature Scientific Reports
UT Arlington researchers demonstrate direct fluid flow influences neuron growth
Nature Scientific Reports has published a new report from UT Arlington scientists that describes using flow from a microtube to turn axonal growth cones that connect neurons.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Traci Peterson
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Penn Medicine study finds tongue fat and size may predict sleep apnea in obese adults
Obesity is a risk factor for many health problems, but a new Penn Medicine study published this month in the journal Sleep suggests having a larger tongue with increased levels of fat may be a sign of obstructive sleep apnea in obese adults.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Greg Richter
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Journal of Child Language
Children understand familiar voices better than those of strangers
Familiar voices can improve spoken language processing among school-age children, according to a study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development. However, the advantage of hearing a familiar voice only helps children to process and understand words they already know well, not new words that aren't in their vocabularies.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Rachel Harrison
New York University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Sesame Street teaches physicians a lesson
More than two million people are incarcerated in the United States, the world's highest incarceration rate. Scott A. Allen, M.D., a professor of medicine in the School of Medicine at the University of California, Riverside, and two colleagues report in Annals of Internal Medicine that while many people need to be in prison for the safety of society, a majority are incarcerated due to behaviors linked to treatable diseases such as mental illness and addiction.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/Centers for AIDS Research

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Brains in the balance: New $11.5 million grant fuels U-M Parkinson's disease research center
Deep in the brains of people with Parkinson's disease, changes to brain cells create a high risk of dangerous falls -- a problem that resists treatment. Now, an $11.5 million effort seeks to better understand the cause of these problems, and find new options based in the latest brain science.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors
Mother's behavior has strong effect on cocaine-exposed children
It is not only prenatal drug exposure, but also conditions related to drug use that can influence negative behavior in children, according to a new study from the University at Buffalo's Research Institute on Addictions.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Cathy Wilde
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Health Affairs
Cancer medicine: New, improved, expensive and exploited?
Two studies published in the October 2014 issue of Health Affairs by a University of Chicago health economist examine spending on oral anti-cancer drugs as well as a federal program designed to help the poor, which researchers say instead helps hospitals boost profits.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: John Easton
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Nature Chemical Biology
A novel roadmap through bacterial genomes leads the way to new drug discovery
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Northwestern University have innovated and demonstrated the value of an algorithm to analyze microbial genomic data and speed discovery of new therapeutic drugs.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
JAMA Pediatrics
Prenatal BPA exposure associated with diminished lung function in children
Prenatal exposure to bisphenol A, a common chemical used in some plastics, appears to be inconsistently associated with diminished lung function and the development of persistent wheeze in children.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: University of Maryland Medical Center Media Relations
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Effective treatments available for HIV patients not eligible for efavirenz regimens
A new national clinical trial found HIV drug regimens that do not include efavirenz are effective as first-line antiretroviral therapy. The finding is important for patients who are not eligible for treatment with efavirenz, including women considering becoming pregnant and patients with a history of severe psychiatric disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, AIDS Clinical Trials Group, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Contact: Holly Korschun
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Teen hormones and cellphones
Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston say that sexting may be the new 'normal' part of adolescent sexual development and is not strictly limited to at-risk teens. The findings, published in the journal Pediatrics, are from the first study on the relationship between teenage sexting, or sending sexually explicit images to another electronically, and future sexual activity.
National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Justice

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Stem Cell Research & Therapy
A new way to extract bone-making cells from fat tissue
By sorting human fat tissue cells by their expression of a certain gene, Brown University scientists were able to retrieve a high yield of cells that showed an especially strong propensity to make bone tissue. With more refinement, the method could improve the ability of surgeons to speed bone healing.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Education

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2014
Nature Medicine
Attacking type 2 diabetes from a new direction with encouraging results
New research led by Victor Shengkan Jin of Rutgers University shows promising evidence that a modified form the drug niclosamide -- now used to eliminate intestinal parasites -- may hold the key to battling type 2 diabetes at its source.
National Institutes of Health, Novo Nordisk Foundation for Basic Metabolic Research

Contact: Rob Forman
Rutgers University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2014
Nature Biotechnology
'Programmable' antibiotic harnesses an enzyme to attack drug-resistant microbes
Conventional antibiotics are indiscriminate about what they kill, a trait that can lead to complications for patients and can contribute to the growing problems of antibiotic resistance. But a a 'programmable' antibiotic being developed at Rockefeller would selectively target only the bad bugs, particularly those harboring antibiotic resistance genes, and leave beneficial microbes alone.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Zach Veilleux
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2014
Scientists develop barcoding tool for stem cells
A seven-year-project to develop a barcoding and tracking system for tissue stem cells has revealed previously unrecognized features of normal blood production: new data from Harvard Stem Cell Institute scientists at Boston Children's Hospital suggests, surprisingly, that the billions of blood cells that we produce each day are made not by blood stem cells, but rather their less pluripotent descendants, called progenitor cells.
National Institutes of Health, Harvard Stem Cell Institute

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Harvard University

Showing releases 3376-3400 out of 3767.

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