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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3376-3400 out of 3552.

<< < 131 | 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 > >>

Public Release: 11-Dec-2013
Ethnicity and Disease
Eating burgers from restaurants associated with higher obesity risk in in African-American women
Americans are increasingly eating more of their meals prepared away from home, and this is particularly true among African-Americans, who also have higher rates of obesity than other Americans. Young adults tend to eat out more often at fast-food restaurants and these establishments are more often found in minority neighborhoods.
Aetna Foundation, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 11-Dec-2013
Mounting challenges undermine parenting
New findings from a long-running study of nearly 1,300 rural children by UNC's Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute reveal that parenting deteriorates when families face a number of risk factors at once. As a result, children's intellectual, emotional, and social development suffers.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Lynne Vernon-Feagans
Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute

Public Release: 11-Dec-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Johns Hopkins researchers identify a new way to predict the prognosis for heart failure patients
Johns Hopkins researchers have identified a new way to predict which heart failure patients are likely to see their condition get worse and which ones have a better prognosis. Their study is one of the first to show that energy metabolism within the heart, measured using a noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging test, is a significant predictor of clinical outcomes, independent of a patient's symptoms or the strength of the heart's ability to pump blood, known as the ejection fraction.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Ellen Beth Levitt
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 11-Dec-2013
Rare gene variants double risk for Alzheimer's disease
A team of researchers led by Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has identified variations in a gene that double a person's risk of developing Alzheimer's disease later in life. The newly identified variations occur rarely in the population, making them hard for researchers to identify. But they're important because individuals who carry them are at substantially increased risk.
National Institutes of Health, Alzheimer's Association, BrightFocus Foundation

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 11-Dec-2013
Cell Host & Microbe
Scientists discover chemical modification in human malaria parasite DNA
University of California, Riverside researchers who are trying to understand the biology of Plasmodium, the human malaria parasite, have discovered a potential weakness--low levels of DNA methylation in Plasmodium's genome that may be critical to the survival of the parasite. Until now, the existence of DNA methylation -- a biochemical process involving the modification of DNA -- in the Plasmodium parasite was disputable.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 11-Dec-2013
Brief laser-light treatment may significantly improve effectiveness of influenza vaccines
Pretreating the site of intradermal vaccination with near-infrared laser light may substantially improve vaccine effectiveness without the adverse effects of chemical additives currently used to boost vaccine efficacy.
NIH/National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Kristen Chadwick
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 11-Dec-2013
Multi-gene test could help spot breast cancer patients most at risk
A new test may help physicians identify patients with the most lethal forms of triple-negative breast cancer. It was able to distinguish between patients with a good or poor prognosis, even within groups of patients already stratified by existing tests. It also suggests potential targets for new drugs and therapies.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: John Easton
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 11-Dec-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Dietary amino acids relieve sleep problems after traumatic brain injury in animals
Scientists who fed a cocktail of key amino acids to mice improved sleep disturbances caused by brain injuries in the animals. These new findings suggest a potential dietary treatment for millions of people affected by traumatic brain injury -- a condition that is currently untreatable.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: John Ascenzi
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Public Release: 11-Dec-2013
2013 CTRC-AACR San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium
Exercise protects against aggressive breast cancer in black women
A nearly 20-year observational study involving more than 44,700 black women nationwide found that regular vigorous exercise offers significant protection against development of the most aggressive subtypes of breast cancer. The findings from the Black Women's Health Study are being presented Wednesday, Dec. 11 at the 2013 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 10-Dec-2013
Human Genetics
Scientists identify more powerful approach to analyze melanoma's genetic causes
There may be a better way to analyze the genetic causes of cutaneous melanoma according to a study published in Human Genetics conducted by researchers Yale and Dartmouth. A statistical analysis using the natural and orthogonal interaction model showed increased power over existing approaches for detecting genetic effects and interactions when applied to the genome-wide melanoma dataset.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Donna Dubuc
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 10-Dec-2013
Nursing Research
Motivating healthy adults to be more physically active improves their cardiorespiratory fitness
Fewer than half of adults in the United States meet the recommended physical activity guidelines set by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Often physical inactivity may be associated with overweight and obese individuals, but even healthy, normal-weight Americans sometimes fail to meet physical activity guidelines. Now, University of Missouri researchers have found that simply encouraging healthy adults to be more physically active can improve their cardiorespiratory fitness.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research

Contact: Jesslyn Chew
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 10-Dec-2013
Osteoporosis International
Low vitamin B12 levels increase the risk of fractures in older men
Older men who have low levels of vitamin B12 have a higher risk of having fractures. These are the findings of researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy as a part of an international study of a total of 1,000 older men.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Catharina Lewerin
University of Gothenburg

Public Release: 10-Dec-2013
Prevalence of chronic fatigue syndrome in youth is focus of Chicago-based study
The prevalence of chronic fatigue syndrome in children and the significant impairment it causes to their physical functioning, school attendance and performance, and extracurricular activities, are at the root of a new Chicago-based study led by DePaul University psychologist Leonard A. Jason.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Children Health and Human Development

Contact: Carol Hughes
DePaul University

Public Release: 10-Dec-2013
Cell Metabolism
SIRT5 regulation has dramatic effect on mitochondrial metabolism
The Sirtuin family of protein deacylases has received considerable attention due to its links to longevity, diabetes, cancer, and metabolic regulation. In a new study researchers identified widespread regulation of proteins involved in metabolism by the mitochondrial sirtuin, SIRT5. Using a novel method scientists identified hundreds of proteins that undergo modification by lysine succinylation and its subsequent regulation by SIRT5. These findings have widespread implications for understanding metabolic function in both normal and disease states.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kris Rebillot
Buck Institute for Age Research

Public Release: 10-Dec-2013
55th American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting
Less painful drug delivery for pediatric leukemia patients is safe, effective
Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, the most common form of pediatric cancer, can safely receive intravenous infusions of a reformulated mainstay of chemotherapy that has been delivered via painful intramuscular injection for more than 40 years, research suggests.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Enzon Pharmaceuticals

Contact: Irene Sege
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 10-Dec-2013
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Strong state alcohol policies protective against binge drinking
According to a new study, a novel composite measure consisting of 29 alcohol policies demonstrates that a strong alcohol policy environment is a protective factor against binge drinking in the U.S. The study was led by researchers at the Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health and Boston Medical Center, and is published in the current issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Dec-2013
Cancer Cell
Gene sequencing project finds family of drugs with promise for treating childhood tumor
Drugs that enhance a process called oxidative stress were found to kill rhabdomyosarcoma tumor cells growing in the laboratory and possibly bolstered the effectiveness of chemotherapy against this aggressive tumor of muscle and other soft tissue. The findings are the latest from the St. Jude Children's Research Hospital-Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project and appear in the Dec. 9 edition of the scientific journal Cancer Cell.
Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, Kay Jewelers, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Tully Family Foundation, American-Lebanese-Syrian Associated Charities

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 9-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
OHSU researchers develop new drug approach that could lead to cures for wide range of diseases
A team led by a longtime Oregon Health & Science University researcher has demonstrated in mice what could be a revolutionary new technique to cure a wide range of human diseases -- from cystic fibrosis to cataracts to Alzheimer's disease -- that are caused by "misfolded" protein molecules.
National Institutes of Health, Ben F. Love Endowment, American Heart Association

Contact: Todd Murphy
Oregon Health & Science University

Public Release: 9-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New sensor tracks zinc in cells
Shifts in zinc's location could be exploited for early diagnosis of prostate cancer.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Andrew Carleen
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Dec-2013
Kids movies send mixed messages about eating habits and obesity
Many of the most popular children's movies from recent years feature both "obesogenic" behaviors and weight-related stigmatizing content, a study by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers finds.
N.C. Children's Promise, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tom Hughes
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 9-Dec-2013
Grant supports creation of patient-derived stem cell lines for Alzheimer's research
Researchers at UC Irvine's Institute for Memory Impairments and Neurological Disorders have received a two-year, $600,000 grant from the National Institute on Aging to develop and study patient-derived stem cell lines.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 9-Dec-2013
Biological Psychiatry
How a concussion can lead to depression years later
A head injury can lead immune-system brain cells to go on "high alert" and overreact to later immune challenges by becoming excessively inflammatory -- a condition linked with depressive complications, a new animal study suggests.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Jonathan Godbout
Ohio State University

Public Release: 9-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The smoking gun: Fish brains and nicotine
In researching neural pathways, it helps to establish an analogous relationship between a region of the human brain and the brains of more-easily studied animal species. New work from a team led by Carnegie's Marnie Halpern hones in on one particular region of the zebrafish brain that could help us understand the circuitry underlying nicotine addiction.
European Molecular Biology Organization, University of Virginia, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marnie Halpern
Carnegie Institution

Public Release: 9-Dec-2013
Innovative drug-dispensing contact lens delivers glaucoma medication continuously for a month
Researchers at Massachusetts Eye and Ear/Harvard Medical School Department of Ophthalmology, Boston Children's Hospital, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are one step closer to an eye drop-free reality with the development of a drug-eluting contact lens designed for prolonged delivery of latanoprost, a common drug used for the treatment of glaucoma, the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide.
NIH/National Eye Institute, Massachusetts Eye Lions Research Fund, New England Cornea Transplant Fund, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Mary Leach
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Public Release: 9-Dec-2013
JAMA Pediatrics
Communities across US reduce teen smoking, drinking, violence and crime
Fewer high school students across the US started drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, committing crimes and engaging in violence before graduation when their towns used the Communities That Care prevention system during the teens' middle school years. A University of Washington study found that the positive influence of this community-led system was sustained through high school.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Molly McElroy
University of Washington

Showing releases 3376-3400 out of 3552.

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