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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3401-3425 out of 3753.

<< < 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 > >>

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Sense of invalidation uniquely risky for troubled teens
A study of 99 teens hospitalized out of concern about suicide risk found that a high perception of family invalidation -- or lack of acceptance -- predicted future suicide events among boys, and peer invalidation predicted future self harm, such as cutting, among the teens in general.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
Development and Psychopathology
Strong working memory puts brakes on problematic drug use
Adolescents with strong working memory are better equipped to escape early drug experimentation without progressing into substance abuse issues, says a University of Oregon researcher.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
Diet affects mix of intestinal bacteria and the risk of inflammatory bone disease
Diet-induced changes in the gut's bacterial ecosystem can alter susceptibility to an autoinflammatory bone disease by modifying the immune response, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists reported. The findings appeared Sept. 28 as an advanced online publication of the scientific journal Nature.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
Journal of Infectious Diseases
MRSA biofilms in joint fluid make infections tough to tackle
Jefferson scientists come one step closer to understanding why joint infections are difficult to treat. Biofilms play a role.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Gail Benner
Thomas Jefferson University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
Researchers identify new pathway linking the brain to high blood pressure
New research by scientists at the Ottawa Heart Institute and the University of Maryland School of Medicine has uncovered a new pathway by which the brain uses an unusual steroid to control blood pressure. The study, which also suggests new approaches for treating high blood pressure and heart failure, appears today in the journal PLOS ONE.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, National Institutes of Health, University of Maryland School of Medicine

Contact: Vincent Lamontagne
University of Ottawa Heart Institute

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
PLOS Computational Biology
Falling asleep: Revealing the point of transition
How can we tell when someone has fallen asleep? To answer this question, scientists at Massachusetts General Hospital have developed a new statistical method and behavioral task to track the dynamic process of falling asleep.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bethany Coates
01-223-442-824 x6959

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
American Journal of Human Genetics
DNA 'bias' may keep some diseases in circulation, Penn biologists show
In a new study published in the American Journal of Human Genetics, University of Pennsylvania researchers Joseph Lachance and Sarah A. Tishkoff investigated the process known as gene conversion in the context of the evolution of human populations. They found that a bias toward certain types of DNA sequences during gene conversion may be an important factor in why certain heritable diseases persist in populations around the world.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
Molecular Cell
Ancient protein-making enzyme moonlights as DNA protector
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found that an enzyme best known for its fundamental role in building proteins has a second major function: to protect DNA during times of cellular stress. The finding is remarkable on a basic science level, but also points the way to possible therapeutic applications.
National Institutes of Health, National Foundation for Cancer Research

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
Sexually Transmitted Infections
High alcohol intake linked to heightened HPV infection risk in men
A high alcohol intake is linked to a heightened risk of human papillomavirus infection among men, suggests research in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections. The findings seem to be independent of other risk factors for the infection, such as number of sexual partners and smoking.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Emma Dickinson

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Diabetes in a dish
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine are co-recipients of a $4.1-million grant from the National Institutes of Health to advance treatments for type 1 diabetes. Using human stem cells, the team plans to culture bits of human pancreas in a dish and, using microfluidics, mimic blood flow through the islet.
National Institutes of Health Consortium on Human Islet Biomimetics

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
BRAIN Initiative to fund first decoding of a key brain circuit in mammals
Over the next three years, researchers will chart the complex connections between brain cells that allow us to make and retrieve lasting memories. That process, called consolidation, hinges on the brain's ability to replay stored memories.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: James Cohen
The Kavli Foundation

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Treatment of substance abuse can lessen risk of future violence in mentally ill
If a person is dually diagnosed with a severe mental illness and a substance abuse problem, are improvements in their mental health or in their substance abuse most likely to reduce the risk of future violence? A new study from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions suggests that reducing substance abuse has a greater influence in reducing violent acts by patients with severe mental illness.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Cathy Wilde
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Boston University receives NIH 'BEST' grant to promote biomedical careers beyond academia
Boston University is one of seven institutions to receive the prestigious Broadening Experience in Scientific Training award by the National Institutes of Health. The five-year, $1.8 million award will provide biomedical research trainees from across the University with enhanced training to help PhD students and postdoctoral trainees prepare for careers beyond conventional academic research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Acta Psychologica
Lift weights, improve your memory
Here's another reason why it's a good idea to hit the gym: It can improve memory. A new Georgia Institute of Technology study shows that an intense workout of as little as 20 minutes can enhance episodic memory, also known as long-term memory for previous events, by about 10 percent in healthy young adults.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Center for Research Resource

Contact: Jason Maderer
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
New drug-delivery capsule may replace injections
Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers find pill coated with tiny needles can deliver drugs directly into the lining of the digestive tract.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Psychiatric Services
Public feels more negative toward drug addicts than mentally ill
People are significantly more likely to have negative attitudes toward those suffering from drug addiction than those with mental illness, and don't support insurance, housing and employment policies that benefit those dependent on drugs, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.
American International Group, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Science Foundation, Indiana University

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Biomedical Optics Express
'Smart' bandage emits phosphorescent glow for healing below
Inspired by a desire to help wounded soldiers, a team of researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School has created a paint-on, see-through, 'smart' bandage that glows to indicate a wound's tissue oxygenation concentration. Because oxygen plays a critical role in healing, mapping these levels in severe wounds and burns can help significantly improve the success of surgeries to restore limbs and physical functions. The work was published today in Biomedical Optics Express.
US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Angela Stark
The Optical Society

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
The Journal of the American Dental Association
To improve oral health of adults with developmental disabilities, support caregivers
The first large-scale study in the US to investigate at-home oral care for adults with developmental disabilities suggests that future policy initiatives should focus on improving sources of support for caregivers, in addition to addressing access to care. Led by researchers at Tufts University, the study is published in The Journal of the American Dental Association.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Contact: Siobhan Gallagher
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
European Journal of Human Genetics
Gene interacts with stress and leads to heart disease in some people
A new genetic finding from Duke Medicine suggests that some people who are prone to hostility, anxiety and depression might also be hard-wired to gain weight when exposed to chronic stress, leading to diabetes and heart disease.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Gut bacteria are protected by host during illness
To protect their gut microbes during illness, sick mice produce specialized sugars in the gut that feed their microbiota and maintain a healthy microbial balance. This protective mechanism also appears to help resist or tolerate additional harmful pathogens, and its disruption may play a role in human diseases such as Crohn's disease, report scientists from the University of Chicago in Nature on Oct 1.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of the American Heart Association
Hypertension risk rises closer to major roadways
In a newly published analysis, the risk of high blood pressure among 5,400 post-menopausal women was higher the closer they lived to a major roadway. The result, which accounts for a wide variety of possible confounding factors, adds to concerns that traffic exposure may present public health risks.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Brown University

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Genetic secrets of the monarch butterfly revealed
Sequencing the genomes of monarch butterflies from around the world, a team of scientists has made surprising new insights into the monarch's genetics. They identified a single gene that appears central to migration -- a behavior generally regarded as complex -- and another that controls pigmentation. The researchers also shed light on the evolutionary origins of the monarch. They report their findings Oct. 1 in Nature.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Drug treats inherited form of intellectual disability in mice
Studying mice with a genetic change similar to what is found in Kabuki syndrome, a inherited disease of humans, Johns Hopkins researchers report they have used an anticancer drug to 'open up' DNA and improve mental function. Along with a potential treatment for the intellectual disability seen in Kabuki syndrome, the study's findings also suggest a new way of thinking about a category of genetic diseases known as Mendelian disorders of the epigenetic machinery, the researchers say.
William S. Smilow Center for Marfan Syndrome Research, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Institutes of Health, American Academy of Pediatrics' Section on Genetics and Birth Defects

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Decreased ability to identify odors can predict death
The inability of older adults to identify scents is a strong predictor of death within five years. Almost 40 percent of those who failed a smelling test died during that period, compared to 10 percent of those with a healthy sense of smell. Olfactory dysfunction predicted mortality better than a diagnosis of heart failure or cancer.
National Institutes of Health, McHugh Otolaryngology Research Fund, American Geriatrics Society, University of Chicago/Institute of Translational Medicine

Contact: John Easton
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 30-Sep-2014
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
New diagnostic approach for autism in Tanzania
Researchers at Brown University and the University of Georgia have developed and tested an approach for diagnosing autism in Tanzania, where such clinical assessment and intervention services are rare. The assessment battery combines several existing but culturally adapted techniques into a protocol that the researchers tested with 41 children at two Tanzanian sites.
Brown University, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Showing releases 3401-3425 out of 3753.

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