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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3401-3425 out of 3494.

<< < 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 > >>

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
Cancer Research
New approach to treating human brain cancer could lead to improved outcomes
A new approach to treating medulloblastoma has been developed by researchers at Sanford-Burnham. The method targets cancer stem cells--the cells that are critical for maintaining tumor growth--and halts their ability to proliferate by inhibiting enzymes that are essential for tumor progression. The process destroys the ability of the cancer cells to grow and divide, paving the way for a new type of treatment for patients with this disease.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute for Neurological Diseases and Stroke

Contact: Susan Gammon, Ph.D.
sgammon@sanfordburnham.org
310-610-3808
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
Wayne State receives $1.57 million grant to develop enhanced radiation therapy training
With the help of a five-year, $1.57 million grant from the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health, researchers at Wayne State University aim to develop an innovative and advanced education program integrating radiobiology with radiation physics for all oncologists.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Researchers use nanoparticles to deliver vaccines to lungs
Particles that deliver vaccines directly to mucosal surfaces could defend against many infectious diseases.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Andrew Carleen
acarleen@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
JAMA Psychiatry
Indiana University study shines new light on consequences of preterm births
A new study by Indiana University Bloomington researchers confirms the strong link between preterm birth and the risk of infant and young adult death, autism and ADHD. But it also suggests that other threats that have been closely tied to the issue, such as severe mental illness, learning problems, suicide and economic woes, may instead be more closely related to other conditions that family members share.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Liz Rosdeitcher
rosdeitc@indiana.edu
812-855-4507
Indiana University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2013
Environmental Science & Technology
Flame retardants in blood drop after state ban
A class of flame retardants that has been linked to learning difficulties in children has rapidly declined in pregnant women's blood since the chemicals were banned in California a decade ago, according to a study led by researchers at UC San Francisco.
Passport Foundation Science Innovation Fund, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Laura Kurtzman
laura.kurtzman@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Science
How the gut got its villi
The principles guiding the growth of intestinal structures called villi are surprisingly similar across chickens, frogs, mice, and snakes. The wrinkling of the inner gut, the researchers found, is intimately linked to the stages of muscle layer differentiation, which produce a series of different physical stresses.
National Institutes of Health, MacArthur Foundation, Academy of Finland

Contact: Caroline Perry
cperry@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Clinical Cancer Research
MicroRNA-31 might predict lung-cancer spread
A new study suggests that measuring levels of miR-31 in tumor tissue might accurately determine whether the most common form of lung cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes. The findings could lead to improvements in the ability of doctors to stage and treat certain patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Darrell E. Ward
Darrell.Ward@osumc.edu
614-293-3737
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
2013 Annual Scientific Meeting of the Heart Failure Society of America
Living better with heart failure by changing what you eat
Just 21 days of following a low-sodium DASH diet lowered blood pressure and improved heart function for older adults living with a common type of heart failure.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Shantell M. Kirkendoll
smkirk@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
JAMA
4-year repeat of bone mineral density screening in seniors offers limited value
Repeating bone mineral density tests after four years provides little clinical benefit when assessing bone fracture risk in seniors age 75 and older, according to a recent study led by researchers at the Harvard Medical School-affiliated Institute for Aging Research at Hebrew SeniorLife.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disease

Contact: Jennifer Davis
jdavis@hsl.harvard.edu
617-363-8282
Hebrew SeniorLife Institute for Aging Research

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Past weight loss an overlooked factor in disordered eating
The focus of eating disorder research has largely been on the state of patients' thoughts, beliefs and emotions, with historically little focus on how current and past body weights contribute. A flurry of studies, the most recent published in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology, suggest that past body weight and relative weight loss should be taken into account.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Rachel Ewing
raewing@drexel.edu
215-895-2614
Drexel University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Scientists discover possible way to turn fungus from foe to friend
Candida albicans is a double agent: In most of us, it lives peacefully, but for people whose immune systems are compromised by HIV or other severe illnesses, it is frequently deadly. Now a new study from Johns Hopkins and Harvard Medical School shows how targeting a specific fungal component might turn the fungus from a lion back into a kitten. Study results were reported this month in The Journal of Biological Chemistry.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/Search Results National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Neuron
Study confirms that rare mutations increase risk of late-onset Alzheimer's disease
Massachusetts General Hospital researchers have identified and validated two rare gene mutations that appear to cause the common form of Alzheimer's disease (AD) that strikes after the age of 60. The two mutations occur in a gene called ADAM10, which now becomes the second pathologically-confirmed gene for late-onset AD and the fifth AD gene overall.
Cure Alzheimer's Fund, NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute for Mental Health, American Health Assistance Foundation

Contact: Mike Morrison
mdmorrison@partners.org
617-724-6425
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
A shot of anxiety and the world stinks
In evolutionary terms, smell is among the oldest of the senses. In animals ranging from invertebrates to humans, olfaction exerts a primal influence as the brain continuously and subconsciously processes the steady stream of scent molecules that waft under our noses.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Wen Li
wenli@psych.wisc.edu
608-890-2924
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Nature Communications
Adjusting bacteria in intestines may lead to obesity treatments
A drug that appears to target specific intestinal bacteria in the guts of mice may create a chain reaction that could eventually lead to new treatments for obesity and diabetes in humans, according to a team of researchers.
Center for Cancer Research, National Institutes of Health, Pennsylvania Department of Health Research

Contact: Matthew Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Arthritis & Rheumatism
Recommendations guide physicians in treatment of systemic juvenile arthritis
In the US, there are nearly 300,000 children with juvenile arthritis and other rheumatic illnesses according to estimates from the American College of Rheumatology. For pediatric patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), effective treatment for this disabling disease is imperative. New treatment recommendations that guide physicians caring for children with systemic JIA are now published in the ACR journals, Arthritis & Rheumatism and Arthritis Care & Research.
American College of Rheumatology, National Institutes of Health, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Contact: Dawn Peters
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
781-388-8408
Wiley

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Development of autoimmunity in patients with common variable immune deficiency
In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Eric Meffre and colleagues at Yale University evaluated B cell activation and tolerance development in healthy individuals and CVID patients with one or two mutated copies of TACI.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Sigrid Juselius Foundation, Finnish Medical Foundation

Contact: Corinne Williams
press_releases@the-jci.org
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Child Development
Playing with blocks may help children's spatial and math thinking
Playing with blocks may help preschoolers develop the kinds of skills that support later learning in science, technology, engineering, and math, according to a new study that examined over a hundred three-year-olds of various socioeconomic levels. Researchers emphasized the importance of the study's implications because block building and puzzle play can improve children's spatial skills that in turn support complex mathematical problem solving in middle and high school.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Mandell
smandell@srcd.org
202-289-7903
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 24-Sep-2013
Child Development
Responsive interactions key to toddlers' ability to learn language
Responsive interactions are the key to toddlers' ability to learn language, according to a new study. Researchers studied 36 two-year-olds, who learned new verbs either through training with a live person, live video chat technology such as Skype, or prerecorded video instruction. Children learned new words only when conversing with a person live and in the video chat, both of which involve responsive social interactions, thus highlighting the importance of responsive interactions for language learning.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Mandell
smandell@srcd.org
202-289-7903
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Journal of Immunological Methods
UT Arlington researchers successfully test model for implant device reactions
A team from the University of Texas at Arlington has used mathematical modeling to develop a computer simulation they hope will one day improve the treatment of dangerous reactions to medical implants such as stents, catheters and artificial joints. Results from their computational model of foreign-body reactions to implants were consistent with biological models in lab tests. A new paper describing the results has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Immunological Methods.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Traci Peterson
tpeterso@uta.edu
817-521-5494
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Journal of Virology
Researchers discover a new way that influenza can infect cells
Scientists at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have uncovered a new mechanism by which influenza can infect cells -- a finding that ultimately may have implications for immunity against the flu.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Science

Contact: Kristen Woodward
media@fredhutch.org
206-667-2210
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
37th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics
Kessler Foundation researcher receives Clinical Biomechanics Award at Annual Meeting in Omaha
Peter Barrance, Ph.D., of Kessler Foundation received the 2013 Clinical Biomechanics Award at the 37th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Biomechanics. Dr. Barrance, senior research scientist in Human Performance & Engineering Research, is primary author of the winning abstract, "Tibiofemoral contact location changes associated with lateral heel wedging: A study using weight-bearing MRI." Sponsored by Elsevier Science, Ltd., publisher of Clinical Biomechanics, the award recognizes outstanding new biomechanics research targeting a contemporary clinical problem.
NIH/National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, Kessler Foundation, Elsevier Science Ltd.

Contact: Carolann Murphy
CMurphy@KesslerFoundation.org
973-324-8382
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
PLOS ONE
Data from across globe defines distinct Kawasaki disease season
After more than four decades of research, strong evidence now shows that Kawasaki disease has a distinct seasonal occurrence shared by regions across the Northern hemisphere.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute, La Marató de TV3 Foundation

Contact: Debra Kain
ddkain@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Oncotarget
Johns Hopkins researchers erase human brain tumor cells in mice
Working with mice, Johns Hopkins researchers have discovered that weeks of treatment with a repurposed FDA-approved drug halted the growth of -- and ultimately left no detectable trace of -- brain tumor cells taken from adult human patients.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
ASTRO's 55th Annual Meeting
Protecting specific area of the brain during radiation therapy substantially reduces memory loss
Protecting the stem cells that reside in and around the hippocampus -- a C-shaped area in the temporal lobe on both sides of the brain associated with the ability to form and store memories -- substantially reduces the rate of cancer patients' memory loss during whole-brain radiotherapy without a significant risk of recurrence in that area of the brain, a new study shows. Results of the Phase II clinical trial are being presented today at the American Society for Radiation Oncology annual meeting.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Karen Warmkessel
kwarmkessel@umm.edu
410-328-8919
University of Maryland Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2013
Annals of Neurology
Breakthrough offers first direct measurement of spinal cord myelin in multiple sclerosis
Researchers have made an exciting breakthrough -- developing a first-of-its-kind imaging tool to examine myelin damage in multiple sclerosis. Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine scientists have developed a novel molecular probe detectable by positron emission tomography imaging. The new molecular marker, MeDAS, offers the first non-invasive visualization of myelin integrity of the entire spinal cord at the same time, as published today in an article in the Annals of Neurology.
Department of Defense, National Multiple Sclerosis Society, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jessica Studeny
jessica.studeny@case.edu
216-368-4692
Case Western Reserve University

Showing releases 3401-3425 out of 3494.

<< < 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 > >>

     
   

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