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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3401-3425 out of 3494.

<< < 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 > >>

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
NEJM study evaluates early stem cell transplants for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Performing early stem cell transplants in patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma does not improve overall survival in high-risk patients, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. But early transplantation does appear to be beneficial among a small group of patients who are at the very highest risk, the study found.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jim Ritter
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Monoclonal antibodies show promise as effective HIV therapy
A research team led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has demonstrated that a group of recently discovered antibodies may be a highly effective therapy for the treatment of HIV.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Knowledge about incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse lower among women of color
Knowing what symptoms to look for may help women with pelvic floor disorders improve their chances of successful treatment. But knowledge of these disorders is lacking among most women, and especially among women of color, according to a new study by researchers at Yale School of Medicine.
Robert Wood Johnson, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Journal of Cell Science
Mechanisms of wound healing are clarified in MBL zebrafish study
A crucial component of wound healing in many animals, including humans, is the migration of nearby skin cells toward the center of the wound. How do these neighboring skin cells know which way to migrate? A new paper from MBL scientists clarifies the role of calcium signaling in wound healing.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Diana Kenney
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Weight at time of diagnosis linked to prostate cancer mortality
Men who are overweight or obese when they are diagnosed with prostate cancer are more likely to die from the disease than men who are of healthy weight, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in the journal Obesity Research & Clinical Practice.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Joshua Weisz
Kaiser Permanente

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
12th annual AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research
Sedentary behavior linked to recurrence of precancerous colorectal tumors
Men who spend the most time engaged in sedentary behaviors are at greatest risk for recurrence of colorectal adenomas, benign tumors that are known precursors of colorectal cancers. Although there is extensive evidence supporting an association between higher overall levels of physical activity and reduced risk of colorectal cancer, few studies have focused on the impact of sedentary behavior on colorectal cancer risk.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Estrogen protects women with NASH from severe liver fibrosis
New research suggests that estrogen protects women with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis from severe liver fibrosis. According to the study published online in Hepatology, a journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, men are at higher risk of more severe fibrosis compared to women prior to menopause, but liver fibrosis severity is similar in men and post-menopausal women.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Dawn Peters

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Miriam Hospital researcher awarded $2.9 million NIH grant to study impact of maternal smoking
Laura Stroud, Ph.D., a researcher with The Miriam Hospital's Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, was recently awarded a five-year, $2,885,481 grant from the National Institutes of Drug Abuse, part of the National Institutes of Health, to further her work on the physiological impact of maternal smoking on fetal development and behavior.
NIH/National Institutes of Drug Abuse

Contact: Nancy Jean

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
How a metamaterial might improve a depression treatment
A brain stimulation technique that is used to treat tough cases of depression could be considerably improved with a new headpiece designed by University of Michigan engineers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
University of Michigan

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
ER study finds 1 in 10 older teens misuse Rx painkillers & sedatives
With prescription drug abuse at epidemic levels nationwide, and overdoses killing more people than auto accidents in many states, a new study provides striking new data about the misuse of potent prescription painkillers and sedatives by teens and young adults. In all, 10.4 percent of the teens and young adults treated in the emergency room for any reason admitted to misusing a prescription painkiller or sedative at least once in the last year.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Molecular Psychiatry
A potential new class of fast-acting antidepressant
More than one in 10 Americans take antidepressants, but these medications can take weeks -- and for some patients, months -- before they begin to alleviate symptoms. Now, scientists from the University of Chicago have discovered that selectively blocking a serotonin receptor subtype induces fast-acting antidepressant effects in mice, indicating a potential new class of therapeutics for depression. The work was published Oct. 29 in Molecular Psychiatry.
NIH/National Institutes of Mental Health, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, Geraldi Norton Foundation

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Cancer Prevention Research
Pregnant rats exposed to obesity hormone lose birth's protective effect on breast cancer
Like humans, young rats that give birth have a reduced risk of breast cancer later in life. But a new study shows that this protective effect in animals is negated if they're exposed to an obesity-linked hormone during pregnancy.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Karen Mallet
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Genome Research
Human immune system shapes skin microbiome
Our skin plays host to millions of beneficial and potentially disease-causing microorganisms; however, whether our immune system influences these microbial communities to prevent disease is unknown. In a study published online in Genome Research, researchers have explored the microbes living on the skin of patients with primary immunodeficiencies with eczema-like skin conditions.
National Institutes of Health, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Cancer Institute

Contact: Peggy Calicchia
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
Nature Immunology
U of M researchers identify key proteins influencing major immune strategies
New research from the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, and the University of Minnesota Center for Immunology has identified key proteins that influence immune response strategies, a finding that could influence new vaccination approaches. The study, published in the latest edition of Nature Immunology, looked closely at the KLF2 and S1P1 genes, and how their expression impacted the immune strategy of a cell.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Caroline Marin
University of Minnesota Academic Health Center

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
American Economic Review
Common bias known as the 'endowment effect' not present in hunter-gatherer societies
Psychology and behavioral economics have experimentally identified a laundry list of common biases that cause people to act against their own apparent interests. One of these biases -- the mere fact of possessing something raises its value to its owner -- is known as the "endowment effect." A new interdisciplinary study from the University of Pennsylvania has delved into whether this bias is truly universal, and whether it might have been present in humanity's evolutionary past.
John Templeton Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
Model virus structure shows why there's no cure for common cold
In a pair of landmark studies that exploit the genetic sequencing of the "missing link" cold virus, rhinovirus C, scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have constructed a three-dimensional model of the pathogen that shows why there is no cure yet for the common cold.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ann C. Palmenberg
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics
Child brides at funerals
Having children early and in rapid succession are major factors fueling high infant mortality rates in the South Asian countries of Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan where one in 14 births to young mothers ends with the death of the child within the first year, say researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.
David and Lucile Packard Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes & Essential Fatty Acids
Excess omega-3 fatty acids could lead to negative health effects
A new review suggests that omega-3 fatty acids taken in excess could have unintended health consequences in certain situations, and that dietary standards based on the best available evidence need to be established.
National Institutes of Health, Canadian Diabetes Association

Contact: Norman Hord
Oregon State University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Reproductive biologists move in vitro fertilization knowledge forward
A "pill for men" may be a long way down the road, says Pablo Visconti, lead UMass Amherst author, but this new fundamental knowledge of how sperm acquire the ability to fertilize an egg, letting scientists either block or enhance the process, is at the heart of being able to control it.
National Institutes of Health, Akiyama Science Foundation, ANPCTA Argentina, University of Hawaii

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
Cancer Immunology Research
Researchers discover how cancer 'invisibility cloak' works
Researchers at National Jewish Health have discovered how a lipid secreted by cancer tumors prevents the immune system from mounting an immune response against it. When lysophosphatidic acid binds to killer T cells, it acts almost like an "invisibility cloak," preventing T cells from recognizing and attacking nascent tumors.
National Institutes of Health, Cancer League of Colorado, Cancer Research Institute

Contact: William Allstetter
National Jewish Health

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
JAMA Pediatrics
Nurturing may protect kids from brain changes linked to poverty
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine have identified changes in the brains of children growing up in poverty. Those changes can lead to lifelong problems like depression, learning difficulties and limitations in the ability to cope with stress. But the study showed that the extent of those changes was influenced strongly by whether parents were attentive and nurturing.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
12th annual AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research
HPV strains affecting African-American women differ from vaccines
Two subtypes of human papillomavirus prevented by vaccines are half as likely to be found in African-American women as in white women with precancerous cervical lesions, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Rachel Harrison
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 27-Oct-2013
ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting
Study identifies biomarker linked to poor outcomes in pregnant lupus patients
Pregnant women with lupus are at increased risk of preeclampsia and other pregnancy complications. Researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery found a biomarker associated with an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robin Frank
Hospital for Special Surgery

Public Release: 27-Oct-2013
Nature Medicine
Study finds new genetic error in some lung cancers
Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the University of Colorado Cancer Center report on a gene fusion that spurs the cells to divide rapidly. Treating the cells with a compound that blocks the protein caused the cells to die which may offer a targeted therapy in patients.
Colorado Bioscience Discovery Evaluation Grant Program, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robbin Ray
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 27-Oct-2013
Nature Genetics
International collaboration finds 11 new Alzheimer's genes to target for drug discovery
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine researchers played a key role in the largest international Alzheimer's disease genetics collaboration to date, which identified 11 new regions of the genome that contribute to late-onset Alzheimer's disease, doubling the number of potential genetics-based therapeutic targets to investigate. Published Oct. 27 in Nature Genetics, the study gives a broader view of the genetic factors contributing to Alzheimer's and expands the understanding of the disease to new areas.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Alzheimer's Association

Contact: Alexandra Bassil
University of Miami

Showing releases 3401-3425 out of 3494.

<< < 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 > >>


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