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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3401-3425 out of 3713.

<< < 132 | 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 > >>

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Brain Structure and Function
TSRI study shows how exercise could reduce relapse during meth withdrawal
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found that even brief workouts can reduce the risk of relapse in rats withdrawing from methamphetamine. In addition, the team found that exercise affected the neurons in a brain region that had never before been associated with meth withdrawal, suggesting a new direction for drug development.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse, Alcohol Beverage Medical Research Foundation

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Compared with apes, people's gut bacteria lack diversity, study finds
The microbes living in people's guts are much less diverse than those in humans' closest relatives, the African apes, an apparently long evolutionary trend that appears to be speeding up in more modern societies, with possible implications for human health, according to a new study.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Marc Airhart
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Telephone counseling leads more adult childhood cancer survivors to get heart screenings
Supplementing written heart screening guidelines with telephone counseling from specially trained nurses more than doubled the likelihood that adult survivors of childhood cancer received recommended heart checks, according to results from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators led the research, whose findings appear in the current issue of the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
National Institutes of Health, ALSAC

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
NSAIDs prevent colon cancer by inducing death of intestinal stem cells that have mutation
Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) protect against the development of colorectal cancer by inducing cell suicide pathways in intestinal stem cells that carry a certain mutated and dysfunctional gene, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute and the School of Medicine. The findings were published online today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
PNAS: From HIV to cancer, IL-37 regulates immune system
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published in this month's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences describes the activity of a recently discovered communication molecule of the body's immune system, Interleukin 37 or IL-37. It has been known to limit inflammation and the current study reports its activity in the adaptive immune system: IL-37 inhibits the ability of the immune system to recognize and target new antigens.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Garth Sundem
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
AAPS Annual Meeting and Exposition
Molecular Pharmaceutics
Inhaled Ebola vaccine may offer long-term protection from virus
A potentially breathable, respiratory vaccine in development has been shown to provide long-term protection against the Ebola virus for non-human primates, as reported this week in Molecular Pharmaceutics. Results from a recent pre-clinical study are first proof a single dose of a non-injectable vaccine platform for Ebola is long lasting. A breathable vaccine could surmount the logistical obstacles of storing, transporting and administering injectable vaccines in parts of Africa most afflicted by the virus.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: J.B. Bird
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Human Brain Mapping
Smoking is a pain in the back
A new Northwestern Medicine study has found that smokers are three times more likely than nonsmokers to develop chronic back pain, and dropping the habit may cut your chances of developing this often debilitating condition.
NIH/National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Erin White
Northwestern University

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
New study shows women have higher risk of injury than men
A new study of emergency department patients in 18 countries, made available online today by the scientific journal Addiction, shows that the risk of injury caused by acute alcohol consumption is higher for women compared with men.
NIH/National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Evelyn Martinez

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Cell Reports
Even when you're older you need chaperones
Aging is the most significant risk factor for developing neurodegenerative diseases, and the risk increases disproportionately with age. Now a team of scientists from Northwestern University, Proteostasis Therapeutics, Inc. and Harvard University has uncovered some clues as to why. The researchers are the first to find that the quality of protective genes called molecular chaperones declines dramatically in the brains of older humans, both healthy and not, and that the decline is accelerated even more in humans with neurodegenerative disease.
Proteostasis Therapeutics, Inc., National Institutes of Health, Ellison Medical Foundation, Daniel F. and Ada L. Rice Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Biological fat with a sugar attached essential to maintaining the brain's supply of stem cells
Fat and sugar aren't usually considered healthy staples, but scientists have found that a biological fat with a sugar attached is essential for maintaining the brain's store of stem cells.
National Institutes of Health, Veterans Administration

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Immunotherapy for cancer toxic with obesity
Immunotherapy that can be effective against tumors in young, thin mice can be lethal to obese ones, a new study by UC Davis researchers has found.
NIH/National Institute of Aging

Contact: Dorsey Griffith
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Psychological Science in the Public Interest
Gender fairness prevails in most fields of academic science
A comprehensive new report investigating women's underrepresentation in science, technology, math, and engineering (STEM) fields reveals that, despite many differences between the sexes prior to college -- reflected in occupational preferences, math ability, cultural attitudes, and amount of AP coursework taken, for example -- the playing field eventually levels for women who continue in most of these fields once they earn their PhD. The findings are published in Psychological Science in the Public Interest, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Environmental influences on autism the focus of new $1.6 million federal grant to U-M
University of Michigan researchers will use a new $1.6 million federal grant to probe potential social and environmental links to autism, collecting location-specific information from tens of thousands of affected individuals and their families nationwide.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Food allergy development linked to skin exposure
Food allergies are on the rise in the US and other developed countries. In patients, food allergies appear as a variety of symptoms, ranging from mild skin inflammation to severe asthma. Recent studies suggest that contact between inflamed skin and food proteins may trigger food allergy development. A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation provides a link between skin sensitization, gastrointestinal inflammation, and food allergy.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Corinne Williams
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Putting batteries in a kidsafe coat of armor
A Brigham and Women's Hospital led team has developed a simple 'coat of armor' to encase small batteries, rendering them harmless if they are ever swallowed.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jessica Caragher
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UT Dallas neuroscientists offer novel insight on brain networks
New research from the Center for Vital Longevity at UT Dallas offers a different approach for looking at the way the brain operates on a network level, and could eventually lead to new clinical diagnostic criteria for age-related memory disorders.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Alex Lyda
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New way to make batteries safer
A new battery coating from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital prevents electrical current from damaging the digestive tract after battery ingestion.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Nov-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Obesity a liability in cancer immunotherapy
Packing on the pounds may lead to dangerous inflammation in response to anti-cancer treatment. A University of California Davis study shows that overweight mice develop lethal inflammation in response to certain anti-cancer therapies, suggesting a possible link between body weight and adverse side effects.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 2-Nov-2014
Nature Methods
New technique efficiently turns antibodies into highly tuned 'nanobodies'
A new system, developed by researchers at Rockefeller University and their collaborators, promises to make nanobodies -- antibodies' tiny cousins -- dramatically more accessible for all kinds of research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Zach Veilleux
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 2-Nov-2014
Nature Genetics
Mutant models
Using mathematical toolkits traditionally considered the property of statistical physics and artificial intelligence, researchers have developed a way to identify important cancer mutations. This approach can model the effects that cancer mutations have on the intricate patterns of communication between groups of proteins involved in cell signaling. The model shows how mutations can alter signaling networks and points the way to a better understanding of cancer genomes.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 2-Nov-2014
Nature Photonics
Improving imaging of cancerous tissues by reversing time
Lihong Wang, Ph.D., the Gene K. Beare Distinguished Professor of Biomedical Engineering at the School of Engineering & Applied Science is applying a novel time-reversal technology that allows researchers to better focus light in tissue, such as muscles and organs.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julie Flory
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 2-Nov-2014
Study: 'Wimpy' antibody protects against kidney disease in mice
An antibody abundant in mice and previously thought to offer poor assistance in fighting against infection may actually play a key role in keeping immune responses in check and preventing more serious self-inflicted forms of kidney disease, according to research at the University of Cincinnati.
US Department of Veterans Affairs Merit Award, National Institutes of Health, University of Cincinnati and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Contact: Cedric Ricks
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 1-Nov-2014
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
More penalties on the way for hospitals that treat the poor? New U-M study suggests so
The federal government will fine more than 2,600 hospitals in the coming year, because too many Medicare patients treated at these hospitals for chronic lung disease and other conditions are ending up back in the hospital within 30 days of going home. Now, a new University of Michigan analysis shows that penalties for chronic lung disease will have a greater impact on hospitals that care for poor and minority patients.
National Institutes of Health, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 31-Oct-2014
168th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America
Are my muscular dystrophy drugs working?
People with muscular dystrophy could one day assess the effectiveness of their medication with the help of a smartphone-linked device, a new study in mice suggests. The study used a new method to process ultrasound imaging information that could lead to hand-held instruments that provide fast, convenient medical information.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Beckman
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 31-Oct-2014
PLOS Pathogens
Immune cells proposed as HIV hideout don't last in primate model
New research from Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, sheds light on the question of which cells support viral replication and persistence, and the answers have implications for future efforts to eliminate HIV from the body in human patients.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease

Contact: Lisa Newbern
Emory Health Sciences

Showing releases 3401-3425 out of 3713.

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