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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3426-3450 out of 3494.

<< < 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 > >>

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
How a metamaterial might improve a depression treatment
A brain stimulation technique that is used to treat tough cases of depression could be considerably improved with a new headpiece designed by University of Michigan engineers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
734-647-7087
University of Michigan

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Pediatrics
ER study finds 1 in 10 older teens misuse Rx painkillers & sedatives
With prescription drug abuse at epidemic levels nationwide, and overdoses killing more people than auto accidents in many states, a new study provides striking new data about the misuse of potent prescription painkillers and sedatives by teens and young adults. In all, 10.4 percent of the teens and young adults treated in the emergency room for any reason admitted to misusing a prescription painkiller or sedative at least once in the last year.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Kara Gavin
kegavin@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Molecular Psychiatry
A potential new class of fast-acting antidepressant
More than one in 10 Americans take antidepressants, but these medications can take weeks -- and for some patients, months -- before they begin to alleviate symptoms. Now, scientists from the University of Chicago have discovered that selectively blocking a serotonin receptor subtype induces fast-acting antidepressant effects in mice, indicating a potential new class of therapeutics for depression. The work was published Oct. 29 in Molecular Psychiatry.
NIH/National Institutes of Mental Health, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, Geraldi Norton Foundation

Contact: Kevin Jiang
kevin.jiang@uchospitals.edu
773-795-5227
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Cancer Prevention Research
Pregnant rats exposed to obesity hormone lose birth's protective effect on breast cancer
Like humans, young rats that give birth have a reduced risk of breast cancer later in life. But a new study shows that this protective effect in animals is negated if they're exposed to an obesity-linked hormone during pregnancy.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Karen Mallet
km463@georgetown.edu
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Genome Research
Human immune system shapes skin microbiome
Our skin plays host to millions of beneficial and potentially disease-causing microorganisms; however, whether our immune system influences these microbial communities to prevent disease is unknown. In a study published online in Genome Research, researchers have explored the microbes living on the skin of patients with primary immunodeficiencies with eczema-like skin conditions.
National Institutes of Health, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Cancer Institute

Contact: Peggy Calicchia
calicchi@cshl.edu
516-422-4012
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
Nature Immunology
U of M researchers identify key proteins influencing major immune strategies
New research from the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, and the University of Minnesota Center for Immunology has identified key proteins that influence immune response strategies, a finding that could influence new vaccination approaches. The study, published in the latest edition of Nature Immunology, looked closely at the KLF2 and S1P1 genes, and how their expression impacted the immune strategy of a cell.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Caroline Marin
crmarin@umn.edu
612-624-5680
University of Minnesota Academic Health Center

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
American Economic Review
Common bias known as the 'endowment effect' not present in hunter-gatherer societies
Psychology and behavioral economics have experimentally identified a laundry list of common biases that cause people to act against their own apparent interests. One of these biases -- the mere fact of possessing something raises its value to its owner -- is known as the "endowment effect." A new interdisciplinary study from the University of Pennsylvania has delved into whether this bias is truly universal, and whether it might have been present in humanity's evolutionary past.
John Templeton Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
Virology
Model virus structure shows why there's no cure for common cold
In a pair of landmark studies that exploit the genetic sequencing of the "missing link" cold virus, rhinovirus C, scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have constructed a three-dimensional model of the pathogen that shows why there is no cure yet for the common cold.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ann C. Palmenberg
acpalmen@wisc.edu
608-262-7519
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics
Child brides at funerals
Having children early and in rapid succession are major factors fueling high infant mortality rates in the South Asian countries of Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan where one in 14 births to young mothers ends with the death of the child within the first year, say researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.
David and Lucile Packard Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes & Essential Fatty Acids
Excess omega-3 fatty acids could lead to negative health effects
A new review suggests that omega-3 fatty acids taken in excess could have unintended health consequences in certain situations, and that dietary standards based on the best available evidence need to be established.
National Institutes of Health, Canadian Diabetes Association

Contact: Norman Hord
norman.hord@oregonstate.edu
541-737-5923
Oregon State University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Reproductive biologists move in vitro fertilization knowledge forward
A "pill for men" may be a long way down the road, says Pablo Visconti, lead UMass Amherst author, but this new fundamental knowledge of how sperm acquire the ability to fertilize an egg, letting scientists either block or enhance the process, is at the heart of being able to control it.
National Institutes of Health, Akiyama Science Foundation, ANPCTA Argentina, University of Hawaii

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
Cancer Immunology Research
Researchers discover how cancer 'invisibility cloak' works
Researchers at National Jewish Health have discovered how a lipid secreted by cancer tumors prevents the immune system from mounting an immune response against it. When lysophosphatidic acid binds to killer T cells, it acts almost like an "invisibility cloak," preventing T cells from recognizing and attacking nascent tumors.
National Institutes of Health, Cancer League of Colorado, Cancer Research Institute

Contact: William Allstetter
allstetterw@njhealth.org
303-398-1002
National Jewish Health

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
JAMA Pediatrics
Nurturing may protect kids from brain changes linked to poverty
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine have identified changes in the brains of children growing up in poverty. Those changes can lead to lifelong problems like depression, learning difficulties and limitations in the ability to cope with stress. But the study showed that the extent of those changes was influenced strongly by whether parents were attentive and nurturing.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jim Dryden
jdryden@wustl.edu
314-286-0110
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 28-Oct-2013
12th annual AACR International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research
HPV strains affecting African-American women differ from vaccines
Two subtypes of human papillomavirus prevented by vaccines are half as likely to be found in African-American women as in white women with precancerous cervical lesions, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Rachel Harrison
rachel.harrison@duke.edu
919-419-5069
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 27-Oct-2013
ACR/ARHP Annual Meeting
Study identifies biomarker linked to poor outcomes in pregnant lupus patients
Pregnant women with lupus are at increased risk of preeclampsia and other pregnancy complications. Researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery found a biomarker associated with an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robin Frank
frankr@hss.edu
516-773-0319
Hospital for Special Surgery

Public Release: 27-Oct-2013
Nature Medicine
Study finds new genetic error in some lung cancers
Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and the University of Colorado Cancer Center report on a gene fusion that spurs the cells to divide rapidly. Treating the cells with a compound that blocks the protein caused the cells to die which may offer a targeted therapy in patients.
Colorado Bioscience Discovery Evaluation Grant Program, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robbin Ray
robbin_ray@dfci.harvard.edu
617-632-4090
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 27-Oct-2013
Nature Genetics
International collaboration finds 11 new Alzheimer's genes to target for drug discovery
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine researchers played a key role in the largest international Alzheimer's disease genetics collaboration to date, which identified 11 new regions of the genome that contribute to late-onset Alzheimer's disease, doubling the number of potential genetics-based therapeutic targets to investigate. Published Oct. 27 in Nature Genetics, the study gives a broader view of the genetic factors contributing to Alzheimer's and expands the understanding of the disease to new areas.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Alzheimer's Association

Contact: Alexandra Bassil
a.bassil@miami.edu
305-284-1092
University of Miami

Public Release: 27-Oct-2013
Nature Genetics
11 new genetic susceptibility factors for AD discovered through the largest study
The largest international study ever conducted on Alzheimer's disease (AD), the I-GAP (International Genomics Alzheimer's Project) consortium has identified 11 new regions of the genome involved in the onset of this neurodegenerative disease. This study gives an overview of the molecular mechanisms underlying the disease, opening up to a better understanding of the pathophysiology of AD. These results detailed currently in Nature Genetics, could not have been obtained without this unique worldwide collaborative effort.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Gina DiGravio
gina.digravio@bmc.org
617-638-8480
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 27-Oct-2013
Nature Genetics
International group finds 11 new Alzheimer's genes to target for drug discovery
The largest international Alzheimer's disease genetics collaboration to date has found 11 new genetic areas of interest that contribute to late onset Alzheimer's Disease, doubling the number of potential genetics-based therapeutic targets to interrogate. The study, published in Nature Genetics, provides a broader view of genetic factors contributing to the disease and expands the scope of disease understanding to include new areas including the immune system.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Alzheimer's Association

Contact: Kim Menard
kim.menard@uphs.upenn.edu
215-662-6183
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 27-Oct-2013
Nature
Cell nucleus protein in brown fat cells governs daily control of body temperature
Body temperature follows a 24-hour rhythm, peaking during the day, low at night. The benefit might be the conservation of energy while sleeping. It is also critical to be able to adapt to changes in ambient temperature regardless of the time of day. A new mouse study shows how body temperature rhythms are synchronized while maintaining the ability to adapt to changes in environmental temperature day or night.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive, and Kidney Diseases, JPB Foundation

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 25-Oct-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Enzyme restores function with diabetic kidney disease
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine say that, while a prevailing theory suggests elevated cellular levels of glucose ultimately result in diabetic kidney disease, the truth may, in fact, be quite the opposite. The findings could fundamentally change understanding of how diabetes-related diseases develop -- and how they might be better treated.
Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Veterans Administration

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 25-Oct-2013
Psycho-Oncology
New study shows positive personal growth following breast cancer diagnosis
Although being diagnosed with breast cancer is usually an extremely stressful experience for most women, a new study by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center has found that there also can be unexpected benefits.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, US Department of Defense

Contact: Marguerite Beck
marbeck@wakehealth.edu
336-716-2415
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 25-Oct-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
BUSM researchers identify molecule that could aid lung cancer detection, treatment
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine have discovered a molecule that could help lead to the non-invasive detection of lung cancer as well as its treatment.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jenny Eriksen Leary
jenny.eriksen@bmc.org
617-638-6841
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 25-Oct-2013
Cell
IUPUI physicist collaborates in new study of the cell's 'shredder'
Steve Pressť, Ph.D., assistant professor of physics in the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, collaborates as the theorist of a new University of California-Berkeley study that provides novel insight into how proteins function in cells.
Searle Scholars Program, National Institutes of Health, Department of Energy, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
caisen@iupui.edu
317-843-2276
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 25-Oct-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Oregon researchers say supplement cuts muscle loss in knee replacements
Twenty grams of essential amino acids taken twice daily for a week before and for two weeks after knee-replacement surgeries helped 16 patients, mean age 69, recover faster and with much less muscle atrophy than a control group ingesting a placebo.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Showing releases 3426-3450 out of 3494.

<< < 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 > >>

     
   

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