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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3426-3450 out of 3715.

<< < 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 142 > >>

Public Release: 30-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists engineer nanoparticles to prevent bone cancer, strengthen bones
A research collaboration between Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute has utilized nanomedicine technologies to develop a drug-delivery system that can precisely target and attack cancer cells in the bone, as well as increase bone strength and volume to prevent bone cancer progression.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 30-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Clot-building nanoparticles raise survival rate following blast trauma
In preclinical tests led by a Case Western Reserve University researcher, artificial platelets, called 'hemostatic nanoparticles,' when injected after blast trauma increased survival rates to 95 percent from 60 percent, and showed no signs of interfering with healing or causing other complications weeks afterward.
US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 30-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
It may take guts to cure diabetes
By switching off a single gene, scientists at Columbia University's Naomi Berrie Diabetes Center have converted human gastrointestinal cells into insulin-producing cells, demonstrating in principle that a drug could retrain cells inside a person's GI tract to produce insulin. The new research was reported today in the online issue of the journal Nature Communications.
National Institutes of Health, Manpei Suzuki Diabetes Foundation, Swedish Society for Medical Research

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Jun-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Noninvasive brain control
MIT engineers have now developed the first light-sensitive molecule that enables neurons to be silenced noninvasively, using a light source outside the skull.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Human Frontiers Science Program, IET A. F. Harvey Prize, MIT McGovern Institute, New York Stem Cell Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Wallace H. Coulter Foundation, others

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 29-Jun-2014
Nature Medicine
Massachusetts General-developed protocol could greatly extend preservation of donor livers
A system developed by investigators at the Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Engineering in Medicine allowed successful transplantation of rat livers after preservation for as long as four days, more than tripling the length of time organs currently can be preserved.
National Institutes of Health, Shriners Hospitals for Children

Contact: Cassandra Aviles
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 29-Jun-2014
Nature Chemical Biology
Marine bacteria are natural source of chemical fire retardants
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered a widely distributed group of marine bacteria that produce compounds nearly identical to toxic man-made fire retardants.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 29-Jun-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Watching individual neurons respond to magnetic therapy
Duke researchers have developed a method to record an individual neuron's response to transcranial magnetic stimulation therapy. The advance will help researchers understand the underlying physiological effects of TMS -- a procedure used to treat psychiatric disorders -- and optimize its use as a therapeutic treatment.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 29-Jun-2014
Nature Genetics
A single gene separates aggressive and non-aggressive lymphatic system cancer
For a rare form of cancer called thymoma, researchers have discovered a single gene defining the difference between a fast-growing tumor requiring aggressive treatment and a slow-growing tumor that doesn't require extensive therapy.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
Herpes virus infection drives HIV infection among non-injecting drug users in New York
The study conducted among drug users entering the Mount Sinai Beth Israel drug treatment programs in NYC found that HIV infection among non-injecting drug users doubled over the last two decades.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Potential Alzheimer's drug prevents abnormal blood clots in the brain
The brains of Alzheimer's mice treated with the compound RU-505 showed less inflammation and improved blood flow than those of untreated mice. The treated mice also performed better on memory tests.
National Institutes of Health, Thome Memorial Medical Foundation, Alzheimer's Drug Discovery Foundation, Woodbourne Foundation, and others

Contact: Zach Veilleux
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
Research gives unprecedented 3-D view of important brain receptor
Researchers with Oregon Health & Science University's Vollum Institute have given science a new and unprecedented 3-D view of one of the most important receptors in the brain -- a receptor that allows us to learn and remember, and whose dysfunction is involved in a wide range of neurological diseases and conditions, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, schizophrenia and depression.
Bernard and Jennifer Lacroute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Todd Murphy
Oregon Health & Science University

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
Cell Reports
Some aggressive cancers may respond to anti-inflammatory drugs
New research raises the prospect that some cancer patients with aggressive tumors may benefit from a class of anti-inflammatory drugs used to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
USAMRIID research sheds light on how deadly lassa virus infects cells
An international team of scientists has discovered that the Lassa virus, endemic to West Africa, uses an unexpected two-step process to enter cells. The results, published in today's edition of Science, suggest that the mechanism by which Lassa virus causes infection is more complicated than previously known, and could lead to new approaches for preventing the disease. Collaborators included USAMRIID, the Netherlands Cancer Institute, the University of Kiel in Germany, and Harvard Medical School.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency, European Research Council, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Caree Vander Linden
US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
Nature Neuroscience
New form of brain signaling affects addiction-related behavior
University of Iowa researchers have discovered a new form of neurotransmission that influences the long-lasting memory created by addictive drugs, like cocaine and opioids, and the subsequent craving for these drugs of abuse. Loss of this type of neurotransmission creates changes in brains cells that resemble the changes caused by drug addiction. The findings suggest that targeting this type of neurotransmission might lead to new therapies for treating drug addiction.
National Institutes of Health, NARSAD, Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Jennifer Brown
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
Journal of Lipid Research
Sex hormone levels at midlife linked to heart disease risk in women
As hormone levels change during the transition to menopause, the quality of a woman's cholesterol carriers degrades, leaving her at greater risk for heart disease, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health discovered. The first-of-its-kind evaluation, supported by the National Institutes of Health, was done using an advanced method to characterize cholesterol carriers in the blood and is published in the July issue of the Journal of Lipid Research.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 27-Jun-2014
American Journal of Managed Care
Prevention incentives
A private South African health plan increased patient use of preventive care with an incentive program that rewards healthy behavior using discounts on retail goods and travel.
National Institutes of Health Common Fund

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
Sequencing electric eel genome unlocks shocking secrets
For the first time, the genome of the electric eel has been sequenced. This discovery has revealed the secret of how fishes with electric organs have evolved six times in the history of life to produce electricity outside of their bodies.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Layne Cameron
Michigan State University

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
Clinical Cancer Research
Researchers home in on way to predict aggressiveness of oral cancer
Studying mouth cancer in mice, researchers have found a way to predict the aggressiveness of similar tumors in people, an early step toward a diagnostic test that could guide treatment, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
New infections cause dormant viruses to reactivate
The famous slogan is 'A diamond is forever,' but that phrase might be better suited to herpes: Unlike most viruses, which succumb to the immune system's attack, herpes remains in the body forever, lying in wait, sometimes reactivating years later.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: April Frawley
University of Florida

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Blocking key enzyme minimizes stroke injury, UT Southwestern research finds
A drug that blocks the action of the enzyme Cdk5 could substantially reduce brain damage if administered shortly after a stroke, UT Southwestern Medical Center research suggests.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Debbie Bolles
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
Cancer Cell
Diabolical duo: Known breast cancer gene needs a partner to initiate and spread tumors
A team led by Princeton University researchers has found that a gene known as Metadherin promotes the survival of tumor-initiating cells via the interaction with a second molecule called SND1. The finding could suggest new treatment strategies.
US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, Cancer Institute of New Jersey

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
PLOS Pathogens
Salmonella's Achilles' heel: Reliance on single food source to stay potent
Scientists have identified a potential Achilles' heel for Salmonella -- the bacteria's reliance on a single food source to remain fit in the inflamed intestine.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Science

Contact: Brian Ahmer
Ohio State University

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
Scientists find the shocking truth about electric fish
Scientists have found how the electric fish evolved its jolt. Writing June 27, 2014, in the journal Science, a team of researchers led by Michael Sussman of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Harold Zakon of the University of Texas at Austin and Manoj Samanta of the Systemix Institute in Redmond, Wash., identifies the regulatory molecules involved in the genetic and developmental pathways that electric fish have used to convert a simple muscle into an organ capable of generating a potent electrical field.
National Science Foundation, W. M. Keck Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Sussman
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 26-Jun-2014
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Continued use of low-dose aspirin may lower pancreatic cancer risk
The longer a person took low-dose aspirin, the lower his or her risk for developing pancreatic cancer, according to a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jeremy Moore
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Biological Chemistry
UMN research uncovers structure, protein elements critical to human function and disease
New structures discovered within cilia show a relationship between certain proteins and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. The discovery, made at the University of Minnesota, was named paper of the week in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, and sheds new light on the microstructure of cilia.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Characterization Facility, UMN

Contact: Caroline Marin
University of Minnesota Academic Health Center

Showing releases 3426-3450 out of 3715.

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