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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3426-3450 out of 3465.

<< < 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 > >>

Public Release: 4-Sep-2013
NIH grants Brown University $11 million for brain research
Brown University is launching five research projects on the neuroscience of attention and related disorders, part of a new COBRE Center for Central Nervous System Function. The new center, designed to launch research careers for junior faculty, pairs each junior faculty member with a senior mentor. The Center is funded by a five-year, $11-million federal grant.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Science

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 4-Sep-2013
American Journal of Community Psychology
Children benefit from positive peer influence in afterschool programs
Children in afterschool programs who have a sense of connectedness with their peers are less likely to report emotional problems, according to Penn State researchers. Children exhibited fewer behavior problems if they perceived their peers were willing to encourage them to behave well.
William T. Grant Foundation, Wallace Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Victoria M. Indivero
Penn State

Public Release: 4-Sep-2013
Child Development
Yelling doesn't help, may harm adolescents, Pitt-Led study finds
Most parents who yell at their adolescent children wouldn't dream of physically punishing their teens. Yet their use of harsh verbal discipline -- defined as shouting, cursing, or using insults -- may be just as detrimental to the long-term well-being of adolescents.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Adam Reger
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 4-Sep-2013
Emerging Microbes & Infections
Study: Simian foamy viruses readily occur between humans and macaques in urban Bangladesh
An international research team from the University of Washington, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and Jahangirnagar University has been examining transmission of a virus from monkeys to humans in Bangladesh, one of the world's most densely populated countries. The scientists have found that some people in urban Bangladesh are concurrently infected with multiple strains of simian foamy virus, including strains from more than one source (recombinant) -- and call for more surveillance to prevent another outbreak like HIV.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bobbi Nodell
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 4-Sep-2013
First study to investigate the human genome in multiple sclerosis
The National Institutes of Health awarded Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason a $1.9 million grant to find marks in the human genome which can explain why some white blood cells cause damage to the spinal cord and brain in multiple sclerosis (MS). This is the first study to look for molecular changes in the genome of specific immune cells responsible for the devastation caused by MS.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kay Branz
Immune Tolerance Network

Public Release: 4-Sep-2013
Children's Mercy receives $5 million NIH grant for 50-hour genomic diagnosis in critically ill newborns
A $5 million grant from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and the National Human Genome Research Institute at the National Institutes of Health allows Children's Mercy Hospital in Kansas City to assess the benefits of making STAT-Seq, currently the fastest whole genome analysis in the world, routine for diagnosis of acutely ill infants in neonatal intensive care units.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jake Jacobson
Children's Mercy Hospital

Public Release: 4-Sep-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Relationship of kidney function estimates to risk improves by measuring cystatin C in the blood
A new, international study that use of blood levels of cystatin C to estimate kidney function -- alone or in combination with creatinine -- strengthens the association between kidney function and risks of death and end-stage renal disease. The findings suggest that the use of cystatin C as a measurement of kidney function could lead to better staging and risk classification of chronic kidney disease.
National Kidney Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tim Parsons
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 4-Sep-2013
Alzheimer's missing link found
Yale School of Medicine researchers have discovered a protein that is the missing link in the complicated chain of events that lead to Alzheimer's disease, they report in the Sept. 4 issue of the journal Neuron. Researchers also found that blocking the protein with an existing drug can restore memory in mice with brain damage that mimics the disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bill Hathaway
Yale University

Public Release: 4-Sep-2013
CBE-Life Sciences Education
Outside mentoring support for science faculty at minority-serving institutions pays off
A matched-peer controlled study of science faculty at minority-serving institutions shows that an outside mentoring support program increased the number of peer-reviewed research publications, the number of federal grants, and the variety of professional and curricular activities of those who participated versus academic peers who did not.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: John Fleischman
American Society for Cell Biology

Public Release: 4-Sep-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Experimental compound reverses Down syndrome-like learning deficits in mice
Researchers at Johns Hopkins and the National Institutes of Health have identified a compound that dramatically bolsters learning and memory when given to mice with a Down syndrome-like condition on the day of birth. As they report in the Sept. 4 issue of Science Translational Medicine, the single-dose treatment appears to enable the cerebellum of the rodents' brains to grow to a normal size.
National Institutes of Health, Down Syndrome Research and Treatment Foundation, Research Down Syndrome

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 4-Sep-2013
Science Translational Medicine
New laser-based tool could dramatically improve the accuracy of brain tumor surgery
A new laser-based technology may make brain tumor surgery much more accurate, allowing surgeons to tell cancer tissue from normal brain at the microscopic level while they are operating, and avoid leaving behind cells that could spawn a new tumor.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 4-Sep-2013
DNA changes during pregnancy persist into childhood
Even before they are born, babies accumulate changes in their DNA through a process called DNA methylation that may interfere with gene expression, and in turn, their health as they grow up. But until now it's been unclear just how long these changes during the prenatal period persist. In a new study, researchers establish that signs of DNA methylation persist through early childhood.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Environmental Protection Agency, Neu Family Foundation, Blanchette Hooker Rockefeller Fund

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 4-Sep-2013
Child Development
Using harsh verbal discipline with teens found to be harmful
A longitudinal study of 967 two-parent families and their children has found that harsh verbal discipline, the psychological force causing emotional pain or discomfort to correct or control behavior, in early adolescence can be harmful to teens later. Researchers found that harsh verbal discipline can cause teens to misbehave at school, lie to parents, steal, or fight. Moreover, parents' hostility increases the risk of delinquency and fosters anger, irritability, and belligerence in adolescents.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Sarah Mandell
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 3-Sep-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Discovery helps to unlock brain's speech-learning mechanism
By studying songbirds, scientists are uncovering the mechanism that allows juveniles to learn speech through imitation.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, and others

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 3-Sep-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Stress-related protein speeds progression of Alzheimer's disease
A stress-related protein genetically linked to depression, anxiety and other psychiatric disorders contributes to the acceleration of Alzheimer's disease, a new study led by researchers at the University of South Florida has found.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Anne DeLotto Baier
University of South Florida (USF Health)

Public Release: 3-Sep-2013
Nucleic Acids Research
Proteins in histone group might influence cancer development, study shows
Spool-like proteins called histones play a crucial role in packaging the nearly seven feet of DNA found in most human cells. It has been thought that a particular group of histone isoforms were functionally identical. This study shows that these isoforms can have distinct functions, and that they might play a role in cancer development. The results provide a new mechanism for the regulation of chromatin structure.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Leukemia and Lymphoma Society

Contact: Darrell E. Ward
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 3-Sep-2013
Academy of Spinal Cord Injury Professionals Conference
Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine publishes Sept. conference issue
The Sept. issue of the Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine focuses on, "The Changing Face of Spinal Cord Injury," the theme for the 2013 meeting of the Academy of Spinal Cord Injury Professionals. Research articles address topics in urology, neuroscience, rehab psychology, physiology, gastroenterology, and infectious disease.
NIH/National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research

Contact: Carolann Murphy
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 3-Sep-2013
Preventing Chronic Disease
Ease of access improves fruit and vegetable consumption
A new study from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center shows that community-supported agriculture programs may be a feasible approach for providing fresh fruits and vegetables to under-resourced communities.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bonnie Davis
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 3-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study examines ways to restore immunity to chronic hepatitis C infection
The hepatitis C virus hijacks the body's immune system, leaving T cells unable to function. A new study in animal models suggests that blocking a protein that helps the virus thrive could restore immune function, allowing the body to fight infection. The work, led by teams at The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital and Emory University, was published online Aug. 26 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Gates Foundation, National Institutes of Health, New Iberia Research Center

Contact: Gina Bericchia
Nationwide Children's Hospital

Public Release: 3-Sep-2013
ACS Synthetic Biology
An easier way to control genes
MIT researchers have shown that they can turn genes on or off inside yeast and human cells by controlling when DNA is copied into messenger RNA -- an advance that could allow scientists to better understand the function of those genes.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, NIH/New Innovator Award, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Sep-2013
Journal of Neuroscience
Brain wiring quiets the voice inside your head
Researchers have developed the first diagram of the brain circuitry that enables a complex interplay between the motor system and the auditory system to occur. The research, which appears Sept. 4 in The Journal of Neuroscience, could lend insight into schizophrenia and mood disorders that arise when this circuitry goes awry and individuals hear voices other people do not hear.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 3-Sep-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Death by asexuality: IU biologists uncover new path for mutations to arise
Ground-breaking new research from a team of evolutionary biologists at Indiana University shows for the first time how asexual lineages of a species are doomed not necessarily from a long, slow accumulation of new mutations, but rather from fast-paced gene conversion processes that simply unmask pre-existing deleterious recessive mutations.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steve Chaplin
Indiana University

Public Release: 3-Sep-2013
BIDMC awarded NIH grant to study new treatment for spinal cord injuries
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has been awarded a grant from the National Institutes of Health to investigate the use of a new noninvasive neurophysiologic intervention for the treatment of spinal cord injuries.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 3-Sep-2013
Nature Communications
Size really does not matter when it comes to high blood pressure
Removing one of the tiniest organs in the body has shown to provide effective treatment for high blood pressure. The discovery, made by University of Bristol researchers and published in Nature Communications, could revolutionize treatment of the world's biggest silent killer.
British Heart Foundation, Cibiem, New York, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Caroline Clancy
University of Bristol

Public Release: 3-Sep-2013
Tissue loss triggers regeneration in planarian flatworms
By investigating regeneration in planarian flatworms, Whitehead Institute researchers have identified a mechanism -- involving the interplay of two wound-induced genes -- by which the animal can distinguish between wounds that require regeneration and those that do not. Because the genes identified in this study have homologs with conserved functions in most animals, this finding may provide insight into regeneration in other animals, including humans.
National Institutes of Health, Keck Foundation

Contact: Nicole Rura
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Showing releases 3426-3450 out of 3465.

<< < 133 | 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 > >>


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