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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3451-3475 out of 3499.

<< < 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 > >>

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
PLOS Computational Biology
Automated system promises precise control of medically induced coma
Putting patients with severe head injuries or persistent seizures into a medically induced coma currently requires that a nurse or other health professional constantly monitor the patient's brain activity and manually adjust drug infusion to maintain a deep state of anesthesia. Now a computer-controlled system developed by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators promises to automate the process, making it more precise and efficient and opening the door to more advanced control of anesthesia.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sue McGreevey
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Biochemists find incomplete protein digestion is a useful thing for some bacteria
Protein degradation by energy-dependent proteases normally results in the complete destruction of target proteins, Chien notes. However, under particularly harsh artificial conditions in the test tube, these proteases can stall on certain targets. But until the recent UMass Amherst experiments, such an effect had never been seen inside a living bacterial cell, he adds.
NIH/National Institute for General Medical Sciences, University of Massachusetts Amherst

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Newly identified proteins make promising targets for blocking graft-vs.-host disease
Researchers from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center have identified new proteins that control the function of critical immune cell subsets called T-cells, which are responsible for a serious and often deadly side effect of lifesaving bone marrow transplants.
National Institutes of Health, Leukemia Lymphoma Society, American Society of Transplantation

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
CWRU researchers aim nanotechnology at micrometastases
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have received two grants totaling nearly $1.7 million to build nanoparticles that seek and destroy metastases too small to be detected with current technologies. They are targeting aggressive cancers that persist through traditional chemotherapy.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Ohio Cancer Research Associates

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
PLOS Genetics
'Flipping the switch' reveals new compounds with antibiotic potential
Researchers have discovered that one gene in a common fungus acts as a master regulator, and deleting it has opened access to a wealth of new compounds that have never before been studied -- with the potential to identify new antibiotics.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society

Contact: Michael Freitag
Oregon State University

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
Gene found to foster synapse formation in the brain
Researchers at Johns Hopkins say they have found that a gene already implicated in human speech disorders and epilepsy is also needed for vocalizations and synapse formation in mice. The finding, they say, adds to scientific understanding of how language develops, as well as the way synapses -- the connections among brain cells that enable us to think -- are formed. A description of their experiments appears in Science Express on Oct. 31.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
Critical gene in retinal development and motion sensing identified
Our vision depends on exquisitely organized layers of cells within the eye's retina, each with a distinct role in perception. Johns Hopkins researchers say they have taken an important step toward understanding how those cells are organized to produce what the brain "sees." Specifically, they report identification of a gene that guides the separation of two types of motion-sensing cells, offering insight into how cellular layering develops in the retina, with possible implications for the brain's cerebral cortex.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Eye Institute, Human Frontier Science Program

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
Study offers new theory of cancer development
Researchers have devised a way to understand patterns of aneuploidy -- an abnormal number of chromosomes -- in tumors and predict which genes in the affected chromosomes are likely to be cancer suppressors or promoters. They propose that aneuploidy is a driver of cancer rather than a result of it.
US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
Scientists capture most detailed picture yet of key AIDS protein
Collaborating scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and Weill Medical College of Cornell University have determined the first atomic-level structure of the tripartite HIV envelope protein—long considered one of the most difficult targets in structural biology and of great value for medical science.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences Biomedical Research Technology Program, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
NIH awards $1.7 million to neuroscientist for visual perception research
University of California, Riverside neuroscientist Aaron Seitz has been awarded a five-year, $1.7 million grant by the National Institutes of Health to continue groundbreaking research that may lead to new therapies for individuals with amblyopia (lazy eye), dry macular degeneration and cataracts.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bettye Miller
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
HPV vaccination rates alarmingly low among young adult women in South
Initiation and completion rates for the human papillomavirus vaccine series are significantly lower in the South than any other geographic region, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. The new findings are especially disconcerting because cervical cancer -- which is caused almost exclusively by HPV -- is more prevalent in the South than in any other region. Further, although vaccination rates have risen since 2008, the findings underscore the need for increased physician recommendation and vaccine assistance programs.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Molly Dannenmaier
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
New SARS-like coronavirus discovered in Chinese horseshoe bats
EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit organization that focuses on local conservation and global health issues, announced the discovery of a new SARS-like coronavirus (CoV) in Chinese horseshoe bats.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anthony M. Ramos
EcoHealth Alliance

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
American Journal of Epidemiology
Low vitamin D levels during pregnancy associated with preterm birth in non-white mothers
African-American and Puerto Rican women who have low levels of vitamin D during pregnancy are more likely to go into labor early and give birth to preterm babies, research led by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health reveals. The study, the largest to date to look at the association between vitamin D and preterm birth, is now available online in the American Journal of Epidemiology.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Journal of Cancer Survivorship
Qigong can help fight fatigue in prostate cancer survivors
Flowing movements and meditative exercises of the mind-body activity Qigong may help survivors of prostate cancer to combat fatigue. These are the findings of a study by Dr. Anita Y. Kinney at the University of New Mexico Cancer Center and Dr. Rebecca Campo at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The study took place at the Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah, and was published in Springer's Journal of Cancer Survivorship.
NIH/National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, University of Utah/Center on Aging Pilot Award

Contact: Joan Robinson

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Gladstone scientists identify molecular signals that rouse dormant HIV infection
Perhaps the single greatest barrier to curbing the spread of HIV/AIDS is the dormant, or "latent," reservoir of virus, which is out of reach of even the most potent medications. But now, scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have uncovered new clues that may help researchers awaken HIV from its slumber -- laying the foundation for purging all trace of the virus, and for one day finding a cure for the more than 34 million people worldwide living with HIV/AIDS.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anne Holden

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Psychological Science
Seeing in the dark
With the help of computerized eye trackers, a new cognitive science study finds that at least 50 percent of people can see the movement of their own hand even in the absence of all light.
National Institutes of Health, Korea Science and Engineering Foundation

Contact: Susan Hagen
University of Rochester

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Staph infections and eczema: What's the connection?
For the millions of people suffering from the intensely red, horribly itchy skin condition known as eczema, the only thing more maddening than their disease is the lack of understanding of what causes it, or makes it flare up from time to time. Now, a new finding made by University of Michigan Medical School researchers and their colleagues may bring that understanding closer -- and could help lead to better treatments.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Chiba University

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Science Translational Medicine
Incurable brain cancer gene is silenced
Glioblastoma multiforme, the brain cancer that killed Sen. Edward Kennedy, is aggressive and incurable. Northwestern University researchers are the first to demonstrate delivery of a drug that turns off a critical gene in this complex cancer, increasing survival rates significantly in animals with the disease. The therapeutic, based on nanotechnology, is nimble enough to cross the blood-brain barrier and get to the brain tumor. Once there, it flips the switch of the oncogene to "off," silencing the gene.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
A first step in learning by imitation, baby brains respond to another's actions
Imitation may be the sincerest form of flattery for adults, but for babies it's their foremost tool for learning. Now researchers from the University of Washington and Temple University have found the first evidence revealing a key aspect of the brain processing that occurs in babies to allow this learning by observation.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Molly McElroy
University of Washington

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Bacteria and fat: A 'perfect storm' for inflammation, may promote diabetes
A University of Iowa study shows that superantigens from staph bacteria trigger fat cells to produce pro-inflammatory molecules. Moreover, the study found that superantigens synergized with another toxin from E. coli to magnify fat cells' cytokine responses. The findings suggest that by promoting chronic inflammation through their effect on fat cells, staph superantigens may play a role in the development of diabetes.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jennifer Brown
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
Early HIV antiviral treatment found to be cost-effective in South Africa, India
"Treatment as prevention" -- early initiation of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected individuals with uninfected sexual partners to prevent viral transmission -- appears to make economic sense, along with meeting its clinical goals of helping infected patients stay healthy and reducing transmission.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, HIV Prevention Trials Network, AIDS Clinical Trials Group

Contact: Sue McGreevey
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
New England Journal of Medicine
NEJM study evaluates early stem cell transplants for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Performing early stem cell transplants in patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma does not improve overall survival in high-risk patients, according to a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. But early transplantation does appear to be beneficial among a small group of patients who are at the very highest risk, the study found.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jim Ritter
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Monoclonal antibodies show promise as effective HIV therapy
A research team led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has demonstrated that a group of recently discovered antibodies may be a highly effective therapy for the treatment of HIV.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Knowledge about incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse lower among women of color
Knowing what symptoms to look for may help women with pelvic floor disorders improve their chances of successful treatment. But knowledge of these disorders is lacking among most women, and especially among women of color, according to a new study by researchers at Yale School of Medicine.
Robert Wood Johnson, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2013
Journal of Cell Science
Mechanisms of wound healing are clarified in MBL zebrafish study
A crucial component of wound healing in many animals, including humans, is the migration of nearby skin cells toward the center of the wound. How do these neighboring skin cells know which way to migrate? A new paper from MBL scientists clarifies the role of calcium signaling in wound healing.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Diana Kenney
Marine Biological Laboratory

Showing releases 3451-3475 out of 3499.

<< < 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 > >>


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