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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3451-3475 out of 3645.

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Public Release: 12-May-2014
US cervical cancer rates higher than previously reported, especially among older women
Cervical cancer rates in the United States are higher than previously believed, particularly among 65- to 69-year-old women and African-American women, according to a study led by a researcher at the University of Maryland School of Medicine published in the journal Cancer. Current US cervical cancer screening guidelines do not recommend routine Pap smears for women over 65 if their prior test results have been normal.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, and others

Contact: Karen Warmkessel
University of Maryland Medical Center

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association
Living near foreclosed property linked to higher blood pressure
This study provides the first evidence that foreclosed properties may increase neighbors' blood pressure.
Harvard School of Public Health, National Institutes of Health, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Contact: Karen Astle
American Heart Association

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Children of nicotine-addicted parents more likely to become heavy smokers
We've known that children of parents who smoke are more likely to pick up a cigarette. This study shows that the more time a child is exposed to a parent addicted to smoking, the more likely the youth will not only take up cigarettes but also become a heavy smoker.
NIH/Transdisciplinary Tobacco Research Center Award

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 11-May-2014
Nature Chemical Biology
Galectins direct immunity against bacteria that employ camouflage
Our bodies produce a family of proteins that recognize and kill bacteria whose carbohydrate coatings resemble those of our own cells too closely. Called galectins, these proteins recognize carbohydrates from a broad range of disease-causing bacteria, and could potentially be deployed as antibiotics to treat certain infections.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 9-May-2014
Autism-related protein shown to play vital role in addiction
In a paper published in the latest issue of the neuroscience journal Neuron, McLean Hospital investigators report that a gene essential for normal brain development, and previously linked to Autism Spectrum Disorders, also plays a critical role in addiction-related behaviors.
Fragile X Association, Simons Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Scott O'Brien
McLean Hospital

Public Release: 9-May-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Discovery links rare, childhood neurodegenerative diseases to common problem in DNA repair
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists studying two rare, inherited childhood neurodegenerative disorders have identified a new, possibly common source of DNA damage that may play a role in other neurodegenerative diseases, cancer and aging. The findings appear in the current issue of the scientific journal Nature Neuroscience.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Geoffrey Beene Foundation, Goodwin Foundation, University of Manitoba, CancerCare Manitoba, and others

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 9-May-2014
Osteoporosis International
Calcium supplements not associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease in women
Calcium supplements are widely taken by women for bone health. Previous studies have suggested that calcium supplements may increase risk of cardiovascular disease, but the data has been inconsistent. A new study by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital did not find that calcium supplement intake increases risk of cardiovascular disease in women.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 9-May-2014
Multimillion-dollar grant propels lab toward HIV cure
A George Mason University researcher has won a $3.3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health that may lead to a way for curing HIV in the next five years.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michele McDonald
George Mason University

Public Release: 9-May-2014
American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Study identifies mechanism by which intestinal enzyme maintains microbial balance
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have identified the mechanism by which an enzyme produced in the intestinal lining helps to maintain a healthy population of gastrointestinal microbes. The research team describes finding that intestinal alkaline phosphatase promotes the growth of beneficial bacteria by blocking the growth-inhibiting action of adenosine triphosphate -- an action first described in this paper -- within the intestine.
National Institutes of Health, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Sue McGreevey
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 9-May-2014
Cell Reports
Scientists decode epigenetic mechanisms distinguishing stem cell function and blood cancer
Researchers at Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center have published results from a study in Cell Reports that discovers a new mechanism that distinguishes normal blood stem cells from blood cancers.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society, Gabriel's Angel Foundation

Contact: Donna Dubuc
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 9-May-2014
Angewandte Chemie
New method sneaks drugs into cancer cells before triggering release
Biomedical engineering researchers have developed an anti-cancer drug delivery method that essentially smuggles the drug into a cancer cell before triggering its release. The method can be likened to keeping a cancer-killing bomb and its detonator separate until they are inside a cancer cell, where they then combine to destroy the cell.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Mass number-crunching may help crack Alzheimer's disease code
George Mason University Alzheimer's disease researcher teams with software firm to ask volunteers to install software on their personal computers that will crunch numbers when the computer isn't in use.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michele McDonald
George Mason University

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Grape skin extract may soon be answer to treating diabetes
Preliminary studies by researchers at Wayne State University have demonstrated that grape skin extract (GSE) exerts a novel inhibitory activity on hyperglycemia and could be developed and used to aid in diabetes management. Recently funded by the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine of the National Institutes of Health, this $2.1 million transitional study will provide insights into the novel inhibitory action of GSE.
NIH/National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Investigating the role of aging and poor nutrition on colon cancer: NIH awards Einstein $3.2 million grant
Researchers, led by Leonard Augenlicht, Ph.D., at Albert Einstein College of Medicine have received a $3.2 million NIH grant to study the combined effect of aging and a Western-style diet on the development colon cancer.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Deirdre Branley
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Three Nova Southeastern University researchers receive patents
Three Nova Southeastern University's professors from three different colleges recently secured patents for their innovations.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Contact: Jeremy Katzman, M.B.A.
Nova Southeastern University

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Journal of Community Genetics
Few women at high-risk for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer receive genetic counseling
Mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes account for nearly 25 percent of hereditary breast cancers and most hereditary ovarian cancers, yet a study by cancer prevention and control researchers at Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center suggests an alarmingly small amount of women who qualify for BRCA genetic counseling actually receive the services. Additionally, they found that a significant proportion of women with a family history of breast and ovarian cancer underestimate their risk.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: John Wallace
Virginia Commonwealth University

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Anesthesia & Analgesia
Recycling a patient's lost blood during surgery better than using banked blood
Patients whose own red blood cells are recycled and given back to them during heart surgery have healthier blood cells better able to carry oxygen where it is most needed compared to those who get transfusions of blood stored in a blood bank, according to results of a small study at Johns Hopkins.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Small mutation changes brain freeze to hot foot
Duke scientists have found a point mutation that alters one protein sufficiently to turn a cold-sensitive receptor into one that senses heat. Understanding sensation and pain at this level could lead to more specific pain relievers that wouldn't affect the central nervous system, likely producing less severe side effects than existing medications.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Current Biology
Oregon researchers capture handoff of tracked object between brain hemispheres
When tracking a moving object, the two halves of the human brain operate much like runners successfully passing a baton during a relay race, according to a University of Oregon researcher. For a study now online ahead of print in Current Biology, researchers used EEG measurements in healthy young adults to see how information about the movement of an attended object from one brain hemisphere to the other.
National Institutes of Health, Office of Naval Research, National Geospatial Agency

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Experimental antibody shows early promise for treatment of childhood tumor
Tumors shrank or disappeared and disease progression was temporarily halted in 15 children with advanced neuroblastoma enrolled in a safety study of an experimental antibody produced at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.
National Institutes of Health, St. Baldrick's Foundation, ALSAC, and others

Contact: Summer Freeman
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 8-May-2014
PLOS Pathogens
Ending the perfect storm: Protein key to beating flu pandemics
A protein called SOCS4 has been shown to act as a handbrake on the immune system's runaway reaction to flu infection, providing a possible means of minimizing the impact of flu pandemics.
National Health and Medical Research Council, National Institutes of Health, Victorian Government

Contact: Alan Gill
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Nature Communications
Bioprinting a 3D liver-like device to detoxify the blood
Nanoengineers at the University of California, San Diego have developed a 3-D-printed device inspired by the liver to remove dangerous toxins from the blood. The device, which is designed to be used outside the body -- much like dialysis -- uses nanoparticles to trap pore-forming toxins that can damage cellular membranes and are a key factor in illnesses that result from animal bites and stings, and bacterial infections. Their findings were published May 8 in the journal Nature Communications.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Catherine Hockmuth
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Immune cells found to fuel colon cancer stem cells
A subset of immune cells directly target colon cancers, rather than the immune system, giving the cells the aggressive properties of cancer stem cells, a new study finds.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 8-May-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Mouse study offers new clues to cognitive decline
New research suggests that certain types of brain cells may be 'picky eaters,' seeming to prefer one specific energy source over others. The finding has implications for understanding the cognitive decline seen in aging and degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and multiple sclerosis.
National Institutes of Health, Hope Center for Neurological Disorders

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-May-2014
International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing
Listening to bipolar disorder: Smartphone app detects mood swings via voice analysis
A smartphone app that monitors subtle qualities of a person's voice during everyday phone conversations shows promise for detecting early signs of mood changes in people with bipolar disorder, a University of Michigan team reports. While the app still needs much testing before widespread use, early results from a small group of patients show its potential to monitor moods while protecting privacy.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Showing releases 3451-3475 out of 3645.

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