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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3451-3475 out of 3538.

<< < 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 142 > >>

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Nature Communications
Gene therapy bolsters enzyme activity to combat Alzheimer's disease in mice
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have identified an enzyme that can halt or possibly even reverse the build-up of toxic protein fragments known as plaques in the brains of mice with Alzheimer's disease. The research appeared in a recent edition of the scientific journal Nature Communications.
National Institutes of Health, Assisi Foundation of Memphis, National Tay-Sachs & Allied Disease Association, ALSAC

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
carrie.strehlau@stjude.org
901-595-2295
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Annals of Neurology
Molecular sensor detects early signs of multiple sclerosis, Gladstone study finds
For some, the disease multiple sclerosis (MS) attacks its victims slowly over a period of years. For others, it strikes in fits and starts. But all patients share one thing: the disease had long been present in their nervous systems, under the radar from the most sophisticated detection methods. But now, scientists at the Gladstone Institutes have devised a new sensor that can detect MS at its earliest stages -- even before the onset of physical signs.
National Multiple Sclerosis Society, Nancy Davis Foundation, March of Dimes, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anne Holden
anne.holden@gladstone.ucsf.edu
415-734-2534
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
$12.5 million, five-year research grant allows scientists to tackle melanoma from multiple angles
A team of melanoma scientists from The Wistar Institute and the University of Pennsylvania received a $12.5 M, five-year program project grant (P01) from the National Institutes of Health to continue trailblazing research on targeted therapies in melanoma.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Darien Sutton
dsutton@wistar.org
215-898-3988
The Wistar Institute

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
PLOS Pathogens
HIV-1 movement across genital tract cells surprisingly enhanced by usurping antibody response
Infectious disease researchers have identified a novel mechanism wherein HIV-1 may facilitate its own transmission by usurping the antibody response directed against itself. These results have important implications for HIV vaccine development and for understanding the earliest events in HIV transmission.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Tom Vasich
tmvasich@uci.edu
949-824-6455
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Ophthalmology
Higher case load lowers cost of repairing bones that protect eye
Adding to evidence that "high-volume" specialty care in busy teaching hospitals leads to efficiencies unavailable in community hospitals, a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers finds that patients undergoing repair of traumatic eye socket injuries at its busy academic medical center fared just as well at far less cost than those treated at all other Maryland hospitals.
NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Journal of Virology
1950s pandemic influenza virus remains a health threat, particularly to those under 50
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists have evidence that descendants of the H2N2 avian influenza A virus that killed millions worldwide in the 1950s still pose a threat to human health, particularly to those under 50. The research has been published in an advance online edition of the Journal of Virology.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, United States Department of Health and Human Services, American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
carrie.strehlau@stjude.org
901-595-2295
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Protein in prostate biopsies signals increased cancer risk
Researchers from Weill Cornell Medical College have shown that the presence of a particular protein in biopsied prostate tissue substantially increases the likelihood that cancer will develop in that organ. The discovery will likely help physicians decide how closely to monitor men potentially at risk for the cancer -- among the most confusing and controversial dilemmas in health care.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Early Detection Research Network, Prostate Cancer Foundation

Contact: Sarah Smith
sas2072@med.cornell.edu
646-317-7401
Weill Cornell Medical College

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Nature Methods
Manufacturing a new gut to treat GI diseases
Researchers grow extensive numbers of intestinal stem cells, then coax them to develop into different types of mature intestinal cells.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg
mmontemayor-quellenberg@partners.org
617-525-6383
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Cell Metabolism
Scientists discover new survival mechanism for stressed mitochondria
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have discovered a natural mechanism that cells use to protect mitochondria, the tiny but essential "power plants" that provide chemical energy for cells throughout the body. Damage to mitochondria is thought to be a significant factor in common neurodegenerative disorders, cancer and even the aging process. The TSRI researchers' discovery could lead to new methods for protecting mitochondria from such damage, thereby improving human health.
National Institutes of Health, Ellison Medical Foundation, Arlene and Arnold Goldstein

Contact: Mika Ono
mikaono@scripps.edu
858-784-2052
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 3-Dec-2013
Nature Communications
First real-time flu forecast successful
Scientists were able to reliably predict the timing of the 2012-2013 influenza season up to nine weeks in advance of its peak. The first large-scale demonstration of the flu forecasting system by scientists at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health was carried out in 108 cities across the United States.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Homeland Security

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
tp2111@columbia.edu
212-305-2676
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Federal grant to fund development of dental fillings that self-heal, fight cavity-causing bacteria
The American Dental Association and the ADA Foundation today announced that the foundation's Anthony Volpe Research Center received a five-year, $2.2 million grant from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research to develop new resin composite dental fillings.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Contact: Robert Raible
raibler@ada.org
202-789-5166
American Dental Association

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Behavioral Brain Research
Aerobic fitness and hormones predict recognition memory in young adults
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine have found further evidence that exercise may be beneficial for brain health and cognition. The findings, which are currently available online in Behavioural Brain Research, suggest that certain hormones, which are increased during exercise, may help improve memory.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gina DiGravio
gina.digravio@bmc.org
617-638-8480
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Journal of Adolescent Health
Energy drinks plus alcohol pose a public health threat
Mixing energy drinks with alcohol is riskier than just drinking alcohol alone, according to a new study that examines the impact of a growing trend among young adults.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Diane Swanbrow
swanbrow@umich.edu
734-647-9069
University of Michigan

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Lancet Oncology
New drug cuts risk of deadly transplant side effect in half
A new class of drugs reduced the risk of patients contracting a serious and often deadly side effect of lifesaving bone marrow transplant treatments, according to a study from researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.
Merck, Leukemia and Lymphoma Society, National Institutes of Health, St. Baldrick's Foundation

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
nfawcett@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
LSU receives $2 million from NIH for biomedical sciences training for underrepresented students
LSU Professor Graca Vicente was recently awarded a grant of more than $2 million from the National Institutes of Health, or NIH, to continue Phase III of the Initiative for Maximizing Student Development, or IMSD.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ashley Berthelot-Arceneaux
aberth4@lsu.edu
225-578-3870
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Difficult dance steps: Team learns how membrane transporter moves
Researchers have tried for decades to understand the undulations and gyrations that allow transport proteins to shuttle molecules from one side of a cell membrane to the other. Now scientists report that they have found a way to penetrate the mystery. They have worked out every step in the molecular dance that enables one such transporter to do its job.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Circulation: Arrhythmia & Electrophysiology
Cardiovascular Institute: Unfolded protein response contributes to sudden death in heart failure
A researcher at the Cardiovascular Institute (CVI) at Rhode Island, The Miriam and Newport hospitals has found a link to human heart failure that if blocked, may reduce the risk of sudden cardiac death. The paper, written by Samuel C. Dudley, M.D., Ph.D., chief of cardiology at the CVI, is published in the journal Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ellen Slingsby
eslingsby@lifespan.org
401-444-6421
Lifespan

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
ACS Nano
When aluminum outshines gold
Aluminum's plasmonic properties may make it far more valuable than gold and silver for certain applications. Rice University researchers provide experimental and theoretical proof of the metal's potential.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Army Research Office, Welch Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Army Research Lab

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Nature Methods
Researchers unlock a new means of growing intestinal stem cells
Researchers at MIT and Brigham and Women's Hospital have shown that they can grow unlimited quantities of intestinal stem cells, then stimulate them to develop into nearly pure populations of different types of mature intestinal cells.
National Institutes of Health, HITI/Helmsley Trust Pilot Grant in Crohn's Disease & European Molecular Biology Organization

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Brain connectivity study reveals striking differences between men and women
A new brain connectivity study from Penn Medicine published today in the Proceedings of National Academies of Sciences found striking differences in the neural wiring of men and women that's lending credence to some commonly-held beliefs about their behavior.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Steve Graff
stephen.graff@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5653
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Key found to restoring 'exhausted' HIV-fighting immune cells
Researchers have identified a protein that causes loss of function in immune cells combating HIV. The scientists report in a paper appearing online Dec. 2 in the Journal of Clinical Investigation that the protein, Sprouty-2, is a promising target for future HIV drug development, since disabling it could help restore the cells' ability to combat the virus that causes AIDS.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Department of Veterans Affairs, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
443-903-7607
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Science Translational Medicine
The Affordable Care Act: Translational research experiment to improve health
An editorial by Harry P. Selker, M.D., MS.P.H., William H. Frist, M.D., and Stuart Altman, Ph.D., published in the Nov. 27 issue of Science Translational Medicine says the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is an example of the role of experimentation in improving health at the public policy level.
NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Amy West
awest@tuftsmedicalcenter.org
617-636-6025
Tufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Mount Sinai study: Age-related cognitive decline linked to energy in synapses in prefrontal cortex
Mount Sinai scientists have demonstrated that synaptic health in the brain is closely linked to cognitive decline, and that estrogen restores synaptic health and also improves working memory.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Johanna Younghans
johanna.younghans@mountsinai.org
212-241-9200
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Secrets to 'extreme adaptation' found in Burmese python genome
The Burmese python's ability to ramp up its metabolism and enlarge its organs to swallow and digest prey whole can be traced to unusually rapid evolution and specialized adaptations of its genes and the way they work, an international team of biologists says in a new paper set to be published by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Todd Castoe, of the University of Texas at Arlington, is lead author.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, 454 Life Sciences

Contact: Traci Peterson
tpeterso@uta.edu
817-521-5494
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Epidemiology
Air pollution and genetics combine to increase risk for autism
Exposure to air pollution appears to increase the risk for autism among people who carry a genetic disposition for the neurodevelopmental disorder, according to newly published research led by scientists at the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, MIND Institute, Autism Speaks

Contact: Alison Trinidad
alison.trinidad@usc.edu
323-442-3941
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Showing releases 3451-3475 out of 3538.

<< < 134 | 135 | 136 | 137 | 138 | 139 | 140 | 141 | 142 > >>

     
   

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