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Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 3451-3475 out of 3609.

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Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Pre-diabetes and diabetes nearly double over the past 2 decades
Cases of diabetes and pre-diabetes in the United States have nearly doubled since 1988, suggests new research from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, with obesity apparently to blame for the surge. The researchers also found that the burden of the disease has not hit all groups equally, with alarming increases in diabetes in blacks, Hispanics and the elderly.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Susan Sperry
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Study: SSRI use during pregnancy associated with autism and developmental delays in boys
In a study of nearly 1,000 mother-child pairs, researchers from the Bloomberg School of Public health found that prenatal exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), a frequently prescribed treatment for depression, anxiety and other disorders, was associated with autism spectrum disorder and developmental delays in boys.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Susan Sperry
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Nature Chemical Biology
Potent, puzzling and (now less) toxic: Team discovers how antifungal drug works
Scientists have solved a decades-old medical mystery -- and in the process have found a potentially less toxic way to fight invasive fungal infections, which kill about 1.5 million people a year. The researchers say they now understand the mechanism of action of amphotericin, an antifungal drug that has been in use for more than 50 years -- even though it is nearly as toxic to human cells as it is to the microbes it attacks.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Breaking bad mitochondria
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified a mechanism that explains why people with the hepatitis C virus get liver disease and why the virus is able to persist in the body for so long.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Biologists develop nanosensors to visualize movements and distribution of plant hormone
Biologists at UC San Diego have succeeded in visualizing the movement within plants of a key hormone responsible for growth and resistance to drought. The achievement will allow researchers to conduct further studies to determine how the hormone helps plants respond to drought and other environmental stresses driven by the continuing increase in the atmosphere's carbon dioxide, or CO2, concentration.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Department of Energy

Contact: Kim McDonald
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of American Geriatrics Society
Study examines vitamin D deficiency and cognition relationship
A study that looks at the vitamin D deficiency and cognition relationship in older adults adds to the existing literature on the subject.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Nursing

Contact: Bonnie Davis
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Targeting cancer with a triple threat
MIT chemists design nanoparticles that can deliver three cancer drugs at a time.
Royal Society of Chemistry, Ovarian Cancer Teal Innovator Award, National Institutes of Health, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canad, Koch Institute Support Grant from the National Cancer Institute

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
UC research illuminates 'touchy' subject
Jianguo Gu, Ph.D., at the University of Cincinnati, and his research colleagues have proved that Merkel cells -- which contact many sensory nerve endings in the skin -- are the initial sites for sensing touch.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Angela Koenig
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Cancer Research
Blood test spots recurrent breast cancers and monitors response to treatment
Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center investigators report they have designed a blood test that accurately detects the presence of advanced breast cancer and also holds promise for precisely monitoring response to cancer treatment.
Avon, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Brain changes are associated with casual marijuana use in young adults
The size and shape of two brain regions involved in emotion and motivation may differ in young adults who smoke marijuana at least once a week, according to a study published April 16 in the Journal of Neuroscience. The findings suggest that recreational marijuana use may lead to previously unidentified brain changes, and highlight the importance of research aimed at understanding the long-term effects of low to moderate marijuana use on the brain.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Anne Nicholas
Society for Neuroscience

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Prolonged and heavy bleeding during menopause is common
Women going through menopause most likely think of it as the time for an end to predictable monthly periods. Researchers at the University of Michigan say it's normal, however, for the majority of them to experience an increase in the amount and duration of bleeding episodes, which may occur at various times throughout the menopausal transition.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research

Contact: Laurel Thomas Gnagey
University of Michigan

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Casual marijuana use linked to brain abnormalities in students
Young adults who used marijuana only recreationally showed significant abnormalities in two key brain regions that that are important in emotion and motivation, scientists report. This is the first study to show casual use of marijuana is related to major brain changes. It showed the degree of brain abnormalities in these regions is directly related to the number of joints a person smoked per week.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
PLOS Medicine
Mouse model would have predicted toxicity of drug that killed 5 in 1993 clinical trial
Over 20 years after the fatal fialuridine trial, a study published this week in PLOS Medicine demonstrates that mice with humanized livers recapitulate the drug's toxicity. The work suggests that this mouse model should be added to the repertoire of tools used in preclinical screening of drugs for liver toxicity before they are given to human participants in clinical trials.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Fiona Godwin

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Computerized counseling reduces HIV-1 viral load, sexual transmission risk
New research shows that computerized counseling is a promising intervention for increased ART adherence and safer sex, especially for individuals with problems in these areas. This is the first intervention to report improved ART adherence, viral suppression, and reduced secondary sexual transmission risk behavior.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/ Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Lancet Global Health
Community-based HIV prevention can boost testing, help reduce new infections
Study finds that communities in Africa and Thailand that worked together on HIV-prevention efforts saw not only a rise in HIV screening but a drop in new infections, demonstrating that programs such as this can encourage community-wide testing and help reduce HIV transmission.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, and others

Contact: Enrique Rivero
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Nature Communications
Nano shake-up
Researchers in the University of Delaware Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering have shown that routine procedures in handling and processing can have a significant influence on the size, shape and delivery of drug nano carriers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Andrea Boyle Tippett
University of Delaware

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Cell Host & Microbe
Plague alters cell death to kill host
Research at Northwestern Medicine has uncovered how the bacteria that cause pneumonic plague can subvert apoptotic cell death by directly destroying Fas ligand. The effect is a disrupted immune response during infection, which allows Y. pestis to overwhelm the lungs, causing death.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Researchers identify children with emotional behavior difficulties
Research on children orphaned by HIV/AIDS in South Africa may provide insight on how to identify and help children with emotional behavior issues in other areas of the world, which may have limited access to healthcare and further research that could lead to successful interventions.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Melissa Carroll
University of Houston

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Young dads at high risk of depression, too
This study is the first to identify when young fathers are at increased risk of developing depressive symptoms. Craig Garfield, M.D., lead author of the paper, said the results of this longitudinal study are significant and could lead to more effective interventions and treatment for young men early in the fatherhood years.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute For Child Health and Development

Contact: Erin White
Northwestern University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Neuroscientists: Brain activity may mark the beginning of memories
By tracking brain activity when an animal stops to look around its environment, neuroscientists now can mark the birth of a memory.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Latarsha Gatlin
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Efficient analysis of small quantity of cells improves chances to understand disease
Chang Lu of Virginia Tech's Chemical Engineering Department has developed techniques that allow him to obtain reliable results over the course of disease development inside cells. The National Institutes of Health is a past supporter of this work, and just announced a new $1.3 million grant to further this work.
NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering

Contact: Lynn Nystrom
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Boston-area researchers develop new delirium severity measure for older adults
A new method for measuring delirium severity in older adults has been developed by researchers from Harvard, Brown, and UMass.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Dawn Peters
Hebrew SeniorLife Institute for Aging Research

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Study supports detrimental effects of television viewing on sleep in young children
A study following more than 1,800 children from ages 6 months to nearly 8 years found a small but consistent association between increased television viewing and shorter sleep duration. The presence of a television in the room where a child sleeps also was associated with less sleep, particularly in minority children.
National Institutes of Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Terri Ogan
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Cancer Cell
Study identifies a likely key driver of colorectal cancer development and progression
A new study identifies a molecule that is a probable driving force in colorectal cancer. The molecule could be an important target for colorectal cancer treatment and a valuable biomarker of tumor progression.
National Institutes of Health, Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America

Contact: Darrell E. Ward
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 13-Apr-2014
Genes & Development
Regenerating muscle in Duchenne muscular dystrophy: Age matters
Researchers reveal novel cellular and molecular elements of muscle repair. The study explains how drugs can induce regeneration, while preventing fibrosis and fat deposition, in dystrophic muscle at early stages of Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
National Institutes of Health, Muscular Dystrophy Association

Contact: Susan Gammon, Ph.D., M.B.A.
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute

Showing releases 3451-3475 out of 3609.

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