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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3690.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
PLOS Genetics
Sequencing algae's genome may aid biofuel production
University of Washington scientists have sequenced the complete genetic makeup of a species of ecologically important algae, which may aid in biofuel production.
United States Department of Energy, Washington Sea Grant, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Defense Threat Reduction Agency

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
Cell Reports
Yin and yang of serotonin neurons in mood regulation
Low levels of serotonin in the brain are known to play a role in depression and anxiety, and it is customary to treat these disorders with medications that increase the amount of this neurotransmitter. However, a new study carried out by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center suggests that this approach may be too simple. It appears that neighboring serotonin-producing brainstem regions exert different and sometimes opposing effects on behavior.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation

Contact: Rachel Yarmolinsky
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
Brains with autism adapt differently during implicit learning
Carnegie Mellon University scientists have discovered a crucial difference in the way learning occurs in the brains of adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Published in NeuroImage, Sarah Schipul and Marcel Just examined how the brains of typical and ASD individuals gradually became adapted to visual patterns they were learning, without awareness of the pattern, or implicit learning.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Shilo Rea
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
JAMA Psychiatry
Can a website keep suicidal thoughts away? Study in stressed young doctors suggests so
If you think your life is stressful, try being a new doctor. Their first year especially is a time of stress, sleeplessness and self-doubt - and four times the usual rate of suicidal thoughts. But a new study shows that a free web-based tool to support their mental health may cut that rate in half.
National Institutes of Health, American Foundation for Suicide Prevention

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
Walking faster or longer linked to significant cardiovascular benefits in older adults
In one of the first studies of its kind, Tufts researchers show that even among Americans in their mid-70's and older, being more active, including walking at a reasonable pace or distance, is linked to a lower risk of cardiovascular events.
US Department of Health and Human Services, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology

Contact: Siobhan Gallagher
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
Key molecular players in obesity-associated type 2 diabetes identified
There is strong evidence that inflammation promotes obesity-associated type 2 diabetes and diabetes complications. However, clinical trials with anti-inflammatory drugs have only been modestly effective for treating type 2 diabetes. A new fingerprint of inflammation that may be able to predict which patients with obesity may also develop type 2 diabetes has been identified by Boston University School of Medicine researchers.
National Institutes of Health, Boston University Genome Sciences Institute, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Institute for Collaborative Biotechnologies

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
Early Childhood Research Quarterly
Children from chaotic homes benefit from time in child care, study finds
Full-time child care was associated with cognitive, behavioral and social benefits for children in poverty who live in chaotic homes. Children from highly disorganized homes showed better executive functioning, vocabularies and ability to regulate their thoughts and attention if in child care 35+ hours weekly.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Drug Abuse, NIH/Office of Minority Health, NIH/Office of the Director, National Center on Minority Health and Health Disparities, and others

Contact: Sharita Forrest
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
IU biologists report method to calculate lifetime energy requirements of cells, genes
In a recently published paper, Indiana University biologists have calculated the lifetime energy requirements of multiple types of cells, as well as the energy required to replicate and express the genes within these cells.
US Department of Defense, US Army Research Office, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
Scripps Florida scientists unveil critical mechanism of memory formation
In a new study that could have implications for future drug discovery efforts for a number of neurodegenerative diseases, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have found that the interaction between a pair of brain proteins has a substantial and previously unrecognized effect on memory formation.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
Cell Metabolism
Animal study shows how exercise may energize brain cell function
As we age or develop neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, our brain cells may not produce sufficient energy to remain fully functional. Researchers discovered that an enzyme called SIRT3 that is located in mitochondria -- the cell's powerhouse -- may protect mice brains against the kinds of stresses believed to contribute to energy loss. Furthermore, mice that ran on a wheel increased their levels of this protective enzyme.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Glenn Foundation for Biomedical Research

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
Brainstem 'stop neurons' make us halt when we walk
A population of 'stop cells' in the brainstem is essential for the ability of mice to stop their locomotion, according to a new study by scientists at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. In an article published in the journal 'Cell', they report a brainstem pathway specifically dedicated to enforce locomotor arrest; its selective activation stops locomotion, while its silencing favors it.
Swedish Brain Foundation, Söderberg Foundations, Swedish Research Council, European Research Council, European Molecular Biology Organization, National Institutes of Health

Contact: KI Press Office
Karolinska Institutet

Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
Molecular Cell
Architecture of protein complex hints at its function in chromosome segregation
Whitehead Institute researchers have determined the organization of a protein complex that is critical during chromosome segregation. Without the solid foundation supplied by this complex, which is called the Constitutive Centromere-Associated Network, the link between chromosome and kinetochore would fail, as would chromosome segregation and cell division.
Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, American Cancer Society

Contact: Nicole Giese Rura
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Possible new mechanism for aspirin's role in cancer prevention
In a study published in the journal of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, and Prevention, Cornelia Ulrich from Huntsman Cancer Institute and her collaborators used a new technique, metabolite profiling, to identify a biochemical pathway previously unknown to be regulated by aspirin. Specifically, the researchers found that aspirin substantially decreases the level of a chemical called 2-hydroxyglutarate in the blood of healthy volunteers and in two colorectal cancer cell lines.
National Institutes of Health, Huntsman Cancer Foundation, German Cancer Research Center

Contact: Linda Aagard
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 19-Nov-2015
Cancer Cell
Researchers develop model to study, find ways to target rare tumor
Cancer researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) have found a new target that could lead to therapies for a rare type of tumor. These findings are being reported in the Nov. 9 advance online edition of the journal Cancer Cell.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Katie Pence
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Patients improve speech by watching 3-D tongue images
A new study done by University of Texas at Dallas researchers indicates that watching 3-D images of tongue movements can help individuals learn speech sounds. Researchers say the findings could be especially helpful for stroke patients seeking to improve their speech articulation.
UT Dallas Office of Sponsored Projects, Callier Center Excellence in Education Fund, NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Phil Roth
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Vanderbilt study finds erectile dysfunction drug may benefit patients at risk for diabetes
The drug sildenafil, sold as Viagra and other brand names, improves insulin sensitivity in people at risk for diabetes, researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center reported today.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
New England Journal of Medicine
New study suggests more than 8 percent of children with cancer have genetic predisposition
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital-Washington University Pediatric Cancer Genome Project completes the most comprehensive analysis yet of the role genes associated with cancer predisposition play in childhood cancer.
Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, Kay Jewelers, NIH/National Cancer Institute, ALSAC

Contact: Frannie Marmorstein
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Without prescription coverage, some cancer patients do without even low-cost drugs
A University of Colorado Cancer Center study published in the journal Breast Cancer Research and Treatment shows that breast cancer patients whose health insurance plans included prescription drug benefits were 10 percent more likely to start important hormonal therapy than patients who did not have prescription drug coverage. Women with household income below $40,000 were less than half as likely as women with annual household income greater than $70,000 to continue hormonal therapy.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Garth Sundem
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
Sound deprivation leads to irreversible hearing loss
Massachusetts Eye and Ear investigators have shown that sound deprivation in adult mice causes irreversible damage to the inner ear. The findings, published in PLOS ONE, suggest that chronic conductive hearing loss, such as that caused by recurrent ear infections, leads to permanent hearing impairment if it remains untreated.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Suzanne Day
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
Journal of Hepatology
Research yields potential treatment approach for glycogen storage disease
Researchers from the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School Singapore (Duke-NUS) and Duke Medicine have identified a potential treatment strategy for an often-fatal inherited glycogen storage disease.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Singapore Ministry of Health, National Research Foundation Singapore

Contact: Sarah Avery
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
Environmental Health Perspectives
Researchers find link between air pollution and heart disease
Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have found a link between higher levels of a specific kind of air pollution in major urban areas and an increase in cardiovascular-related hospitalizations such as for heart attacks in people 65 and older.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH/National Institute on Aging, US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
Forming planet observed for first time
An international team of scientists in Australia and the United States has captured the first-ever images of a planet in the making. The accumulation of dust and gas particles onto a new planet -- the process by which the planet continues to form and grow -- has been directly observed for the first time. None of the nearly 1,900 planets previously discovered and confirmed outside our Solar System are in the process of formation.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, California Institute of Technology

Contact: Vivienne Reiner
University of Sydney

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Strategy based on human reflexes may keep legged robots and prosthetic legs from tripping
Trips and stumbles too often lead to falls for amputees using leg prosthetics, but a robotic leg prosthesis being developed at Carnegie Mellon University promises to help users recover their balance by using techniques based on the way human legs are controlled.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Byron Spice
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
Study identifies patient's priorities in treating rare muscular dystrophy
A new study of individuals with myotonic dystrophy type 2 -- a rare form of muscular dystrophy -- has helped pinpoint the symptoms of the disease that are most important to patients. These findings, published today in the journal Neurology, could help create a roadmap for physicians to prioritize treatment of this complex, multi-system disease.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disorders, Muscular Dystrophy Association

Contact: Mark Michaud
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
Study in mice suggests coconut oil can control overgrowth of a fungal pathogen in GI tract
A new study from researchers at Tufts University found that coconut oil controlled the overgrowth of a fungal pathogen called Candida albicans (C. albicans) in mice. In humans, high levels of C. albicans in the gastrointestinal tract can lead to bloodstream infections, including invasive candidiasis. The research suggests that it might be possible to use dietary approaches as an alternative to antifungal drugs in order to decrease the risk of infections caused by C. albicans.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Tufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute, NIH/National Center for Research Resources, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Resources Disease, and others

Contact: Siobhan Gallagher
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3690.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>


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