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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3479.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Pediatrics
After-school exercise program enhances cognition in 7-, 8- and 9-year-olds
A nine-month-long, randomized controlled trial involving 221 prepubescent children found that those who engaged in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity for at least 60 minutes a day after school saw substantial improvements in their ability to pay attention, avoid distraction and switch between cognitive tasks, researchers report in the journal Pediatrics.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study reveals new clues to help understand brain stimulation
A new study from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center suggests that brain networks -- the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another -- can help guide site selection for brain stimulation therapies.
National Institutes of Health, Sidney R. Baer Jr. Foundation, Michael J. Fox Foundation, National Football League Players Association, American Academy of Neurology/American Brain Foundation, Harvard Catalyst

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
bprescot@bidmc.harvard.edu
617-667-7306
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Landmark Medicare law had little impact on reducing chemotherapy cost
Legislation passed in 2003 to slow the spiraling costs of drugs paid for by the federal government to treat Medicare patients has had no meaningful impact on cancer chemotherapy drug costs. In this study, the authors note that not only did the policy fail, cancer care cost has skyrocketed. During the decade after the law passed, the aggregate cost of cancer care increased by as much as 60 percent, even though cancer rates had fallen.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, US Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Karen Teber
km463@georgetown.edu
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Sep-2014
Oncogene
Scientists discover a new role for estrogen in the pathology of breast cancer
Scientists have discovered a previously unknown mechanism by which estrogen prepares cells to divide, grow and, in the case of estrogen-positive breast cancers, resist cancer drugs. The researchers say the work reveals new targets for breast cancer therapy and will help doctors predict which patients need the most aggressive treatment.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 28-Sep-2014
Nature Medicine
Protein that causes frontotemporal dementia also implicated in Alzheimer's disease
Low levels of the naturally occurring protein progranulin exacerbate cellular and cognitive dysfunction, while raising levels can prevent abnormalities in an Alzheimer's model.
Consortium for Frontotemporal Dementia, National Institutes of Health, S.D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation

Contact: Dana Smith
dana.smith@gladstone.ucsf.edu
415-734-2512
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 28-Sep-2014
Nature
Human genome was shaped by an evolutionary arms race with itself
New findings by scientists at the University of California, Santa Cruz, suggest that an evolutionary arms race between rival elements within the genomes of primates drove the evolution of complex regulatory networks that orchestrate the activity of genes in every cell of our bodies. The arms race is between mobile DNA sequences known as 'retrotransposons' (a.k.a. 'jumping genes') and the genes that have evolved to control them.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 28-Sep-2014
Nature Medicine
Researchers identify early sign of pancreatic cancer
Scientists at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and other institutions have discovered a sign of the early development of pancreatic cancer -- an upsurge in certain amino acids that occurs before the disease is diagnosed and symptoms appear. The research is being published online today by the journal Nature Medicine.
The Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Lustgarten Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Nestle Research Center, Robert T. and Judith B. Hale Fund for Pancreatic Cancer, Perry S. Levy Fund

Contact: Anne Doerr
anne_doerr@dfci.harvard.edu
617-632-4090
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 27-Sep-2014
Science
Evolutionary biology: It's not just for textbooks anymore
UA scientists, including entomology expert Bruce Tabashnik, are on the leading edge of an approach to tackle global challenges in food security, emerging diseases and biodiversity loss.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station, National Research Centre for Growth and Development, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, others

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4402
University of Arizona

Public Release: 27-Sep-2014
ESMO 2014 Congress
New England Journal of Medicine
Crizotinib treatment effective against ROS1-positive lung cancer
Treatment with the targeted therapy drug crizotinib effectively halted the growth of lung tumors driven by rearrangements of the ROS1 gene in a small clinical trial.
Pfizer, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Uniting Against Lung Cancer, Swedish Research Council, Be a Piece of the Solution

Contact: Katie Marquedant
kmarquedant@partners.org
617-726-0337
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 26-Sep-2014
Global Society
Disease without borders
In a paper published this week online in Global Society, researchers with University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the Urban Studies and Planning Program, also at UC San Diego, present a bioregional guide that merges place-based (territorial) city planning and ecosystem management along the United States-Mexico border as way to improve human and environmental health.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Yadira Galindo
ygalindo@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 26-Sep-2014
Science
Geisel researchers contribute to study of trained immunity
A study published in the journal Science provides support for a new -- and still controversial -- understanding of the immune system. The research was conducted by collaborators in the US and Europe, including Robert Cramer, Ph.D., an assistant professor of microbiology and immunology at Dartmouth's Geisel School of Medicine.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Derik Hertel
kenneth.d.hertel@dartmouth.edu
603-650-1203
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 26-Sep-2014
PLOS ONE
Policies of NIH, other funders, have improved data-sharing by life-science investigators
Policies put into place by major funding agencies like the National Institutes of Health, and to a lesser extent by scientific journals, appear to be meeting the goal of increasing the sharing of scientific resources among life science investigators.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Terri Ogan
togan@partners.org
617-726-0954
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
With NIH grant, Cedars-Sinai helps bring big data to neuro disease research
Investigators at the Cedars-Sinai Board of Governors Regenerative Medicine Institute have received a grant from the National Institutes of Health to participate in a consortium taking the study of motor neuron disorders -- such as Lou Gehrig's disease and spinal muscular atrophy -- to a new, comprehensive perspective.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sandy Van
sandy@prpacific.com
808-526-1708
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
After watching disturbing video, CPAP usage soars
It's estimated that more than 20 million Americans have sleep apnea, and if you're one of them, you may have been given a mask to wear overnight to help you breathe. They're called CPAP masks, and even though they can be extremely effective, more than half of all patients who have them don't use them. Now, doctors at National Jewish Health have found a way to change that.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Shannon McCormick
shannon@mediasourcetv.com
614-477-2719
National Jewish Health

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
National team awarded $16 million NIH grant to study genetics of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder
A multi-institutional team of researchers studying schizophrenia and bipolar disorder has been awarded a $16 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to create the most extensive genetic resource to date for these two devastating psychiatric disorders, using data assembled by the University of Southern California.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Alison Trinidad
alison.trinidad@usc.edu
323-442-3941
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
BUSM researchers find NAS treatment needs standardization
When it comes to treating infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), researchers from Boston University School of Medicine believe the care for these infants should be consistent and objective, with standardized assessment tools and evidence to back up pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment choices.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Jenny Eriksen Leary
jenny.eriksen@bmc.org
617-638-6841
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Cell
Researchers engineer 'Cas9' animal models to study disease and inform drug discovery
Researchers from the Broad Institute and Massachusetts Institute of Technology have created a new mouse model to simplify application of the CRISPR-Cas9 system for in vivo genome editing experiments. The researchers successfully used the new 'Cas9 mouse' model to edit multiple genes in a variety of cell types, and to model lung adenocarcinoma, one of the most lethal human cancers. A paper describing this new model and its initial applications appears this week in Cell.
National Science Foundation, The Damon Runyon Cancer Research Institute, MIT/Simons Center for the Social Brain, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Haley Bridger
hbridger@broadinstitute.org
617-714-7968
Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Cancer Cell
USC researchers discover dual purpose of cancer drug in regulating expression of genes
Keck Medicine of USC scientists have discovered new clues about a drug instrumental in treating a certain blood cancer that may provide important targets for researchers searching for cures.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leslie Ridgeway
lridgewa@usc.edu
323-442-2823
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Risk of esophageal cancer decreases with height
Taller individuals are less likely to develop esophageal cancer and it's precursor, Barrett's esophagus, according to a new study in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rachel Steigerwald
media@gastro.org
301-272-1603
American Gastroenterological Association

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Genes causing pediatric glaucoma contribute to future stroke
A study from the University of Alberta, published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation extends knowledge of stroke's genetic underpinnings and demonstrates that in some cases it originates in infancy.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Heart and Stroke Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ross Neitz
rneitz@ualberta.ca
780-492-5986
University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Psychosomatic Medicine
Coping techniques help patients with COPD improve mentally, physically
Coaching patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to manage stress, practice relaxation and participate in light exercise can boost a patient's quality of life and can even improve physical symptoms, researchers at Duke Medicine report.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Samiha Khanna
samiha.khanna@duke.edu
919-419-5069
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Plant Cell
Researchers uncover structure of enzyme that makes plant cellulose
Purdue researchers have discovered the structure of the enzyme that makes cellulose, a finding that could lead to easier ways of breaking down plant materials to make biofuels and other products and materials.
Center for the Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Research Foundation of Korea

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoos@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Cell
How the ends of chromosomes are maintained for cancer cell immortality
Maintaining telomeres is a requisite feature of cells that are able to continuously divide and also a hallmark of human cancer. Telomeres are much like the plastic cap on the ends of shoelaces -- they keep the ends of DNA from fraying. In a new study published this week in Cell, researchers describe a mechanism for how cancer cells take over one of the processes for telomere maintenance to gain an infinite lifespan.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute for General Medical Sciences, Abramson Cancer Research Institute, Basser Research Center for BRCA

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Cell
Surprising diversity of antibody family provides clues for HIV vaccine design
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have described how a single family of antibodies that broadly neutralizes different strains of HIV has evolved remarkably diverse structures to attack a vulnerable site on the virus. The findings provide clues for the design of a future HIV vaccine.
International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology and Immunogen Discovery, HIV Vaccine Research and Design Program, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Cell Reports
NYU Langone scientists identify key factor that maintains stem cell identity
A protein implicated in several cancers appears to play a pivotal role in keeping stem cells in an immature 'pluripotent' state, according to a new study by NYU Langone Medical Center scientists.
New York Stem Cell Foundation, Lady Tata Memorial Trust for Leukemia, American Society of Hematology, Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Mandler
Jim.Mandler@nyumc.org
212-404-3525
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3479.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

     
   

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