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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3668.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

Public Release: 21-Apr-2015
Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
New super-fast MRI technique demonstrated with song 'If I Only Had a Brain'
With a new magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique developed at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois, the vocal neuromuscular movements of singing and speaking can now be captured at 100 frames per second.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: August Cassens
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 21-Apr-2015
Researchers win $3.9 million in grants to study brain regions that suppress addiction cravings
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have been awarded two grants to study brain mechanisms that actively suppress relapse associated with cocaine and alcohol addiction. The studies will be funded by grants worth more than $2.1 million from the National Institute of Health's National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and $1.7 million from the agency's National Institute on Drug Abuse.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 21-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Messenger RNA-associated protein drives multiple paths in T-cell development
The lab of Kristen Lynch, Ph.D., studies how this splicing occurs in T cells and how it is regulated by multiple proteins. A new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences from her lab describes a cascade of events that may explain changes in gene expression that occur during the development of the human immune system.
NIH/National Institute for General Medical Sciences

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 21-Apr-2015
Scientific Reports
Global warming progressing at moderate rate, empirical data suggest
A study based on 1,000 years of temperature records suggests global warming is not progressing as fast as it would under the most severe emissions scenarios outlined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Natural decade-to-decade variability in surface temperatures can account for some much-discussed recent changes in the rate of warming. Empirical data, rather than climate models, were used to estimate this variability.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Public Release: 21-Apr-2015
Incidence of serious diabetes complication increases in Colorado youth
The incidence of a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes, called diabetic ketoacidosis, increased by 55 percent between 1998 and 2012 in youth in Colorado, according to a study by researchers from the Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes and the University of Colorado School of Medicine on the Anschutz Medical Campus. The finding is published in the April 21 issue of JAMA.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Children's Diabetes Foundation in Denver

Contact: Mark Couch
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 21-Apr-2015
Immune cells support good gut bacteria in fight against harmful bacteria
The immune cell protein ID2 is critical for the maintenance of healthy gut microbiota, helping good bacteria fight off harmful bacteria. This study, published in Immunity, shows how the immune system shapes the gut microbiota to limit infections.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ashley Heher
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Apr-2015
Science Signaling
Breathless: How blood-oxygen levels regulate air intake
Researchers have unraveled the precise mechanism that cells in the carotid bodies use to detect oxygen levels in the blood and send signals through the carotid sinus nerve to stimulate or relax breathing rates.
National Institutes of Health, United States Public Health Service

Contact: John Easton
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Apr-2015
Parent training can reduce serious behavioral problems in young children with autism
A multi-site study sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health finds young children with autism spectrum disorder and serious behavioral problems respond positively to a 24-week structured parent training. The benefits of parent training endured for up to six months post intervention.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Marcus Foundation, J.B. Whitehead Foundation

Contact: Holly Korschun
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 21-Apr-2015
Brain, Behavior and Immunity
Immune system protein regulates sensitivity to bitter taste
New research from the Monell Center reveals that tumor necrosis factor, an immune system regulatory protein that promotes inflammation, also helps regulate sensitivity to bitter taste. The finding may provide a mechanism to explain the taste system abnormalities and decreased food intake that can be associated with infections, autoimmune disorders, and chronic inflammatory diseases.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Leslie Stein
Monell Chemical Senses Center

Public Release: 21-Apr-2015
Parent training significantly reduces disruptive behavior in children with autism
A new study suggests that doctors may want to focus on parents and not just on their patients when it comes to caring for children with autism spectrum disorder. The study, published in the April edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association, found that parents who were trained to intervene at the first sign of behavior problems saw a dramatic improvement in their child's condition - an improvement of 70 percent.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Sherri Kirk
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Apr-2015
Immune cells help 'good bacteria' triumph over 'bad bacteria' in the gut
The body's immune system may be the keeper of a healthy gut microbiota, report scientists in the journal Immunity. They found that a binding protein on white blood cells could affect whether or not mice produced a balanced gut microbiota. Without the protein, harmful bacteria were more easily able to infect. Why this happens is unclear, but it may be that the immune system has a way to sense the presence of invading intestinal bacteria.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Public Release: 21-Apr-2015
American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2015
Maternal stress increases development of fetal neuroblastoma in animal model
While genetics play a substantial role in development of neuroblastoma, scientists say that something else is in play that elevates the risk: stress. Researchers have shown in mice genetically predisposed to develop neuroblastoma that maternal stress can push onset of the cancer.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, St. Baldrick's, and others

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Apr-2015
American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2015
Finding liver cancer early and reversing its course
Liver cancer is often lethal in humans because it is diagnosed in late stages, but new work in animal models has identified a potential diagnostic biomarker of the disease and a potential way to reverse the damage done.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, ONYX Pharmaceuticals

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study shows new technology may improve management of leading causes of blindness
Research published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences demonstrates that technology invented by researchers at Oregon Health & Science University's Casey Eye Institute can improve the clinical management of the leading causes of blindness. Optical coherence tomography angiography could largely replace current dye-based angiography in the management of these diseases.
National Institutes of Health, Clinical and Translational Science Award, Research to Prevent Blindness, Foundation Fighting Blindness, German Research Foundation

Contact: Ariane Le Chevallier
Oregon Health & Science University

Public Release: 20-Apr-2015
AIDS and Behavior
A bad buzz: Men with HIV need fewer drinks to feel effects
Researchers at Yale and the VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System compared the number of drinks that men with HIV infection, versus those without it, needed to get a buzz. They found that HIV-infected men were more sensitive to the effects of alcohol than uninfected men.
NIH/National Institutes on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, US Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Ziba Kashef
Yale University

Public Release: 20-Apr-2015
Living life in the third person
Imagine living a healthy, normal life without the ability to re-experience in your mind personal events from your past. You have learned details about past episodes from your life and can recite these to family and friends, but you can't mentally travel back in time to imagine yourself in any of them. Cognitive scientists had a rare opportunity to examine three middle-aged adults who essentially live their lives in the 'third person.'
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, and Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Kelly Connelly
Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care

Public Release: 20-Apr-2015
Journal of Biological Chemistry
New signaling pathway discovered in HER2-positive breast cancer, and 2 powerful drug targets
A team at CSHL has published results of experiments that lay bare a previously unknown pathway activated in a highly lethal form of breast cancer. The pathway, they discovered, contains at least two potentially powerful drug targets, according to the team leader. The breast cancer type is called HER2-positive, and affects about one cancer patient in four.
National Institutes of Health, The Gladowksy Breast Cancer Foundation, The Don Monti Memorial Research Foundation, Hansen Memorial Foundation, West Islip Breast Cancer Coalition for Long Island, Glen Cove CARES, Find a Cure today (FACT), and others

Contact: Peter Tarr
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 20-Apr-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
New study unravels why common blood pressure medicine can fail
Every year, more than 120 million prescriptions are written worldwide for thiazide drugs, a group of salt-lowering medicines used to treat high blood pressure. These drugs often work very well. But in some patients, thiazides are not effective. The reasons for this have remained a mystery. Now, a new study by researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine has revealed a key mechanism for this failure.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: David Kohn
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Public Release: 20-Apr-2015
Critical Care Medicine
PTSD common in ICU survivors
In a recent Johns Hopkins study, researchers found that nearly one-quarter of ICU survivors suffer from PTSD. They also identified possible triggers for PTSD and indicated a potential preventive strategy: having patients keep ICU diaries. The findings will be published in the May issue of Critical Care Medicine.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marin Hedin
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 20-Apr-2015
Nature Cell Biology
Breast tumor stiffness and metastasis risk linked by molecule's movement
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center have discovered a molecular mechanism that connects breast tissue stiffness to tumor metastasis and poor prognosis. The study may inspire new approaches to predicting patient outcomes and halting tumor metastasis.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense Breast Cancer Program, American Cancer Society, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, ARCS Foundation, Fondation pour la Recherche Médicale

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 20-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study shows early environment has a lasting impact on stress response systems
The study finds that children raised in Romanian orphanages had blunted stress response systems, while children placed with foster parents before the age of 2 showed stress responses similar to those of children raised in typical families.
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Binder Family Foundation, Help the Children of Romania Inc. Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Deborah Bach
University of Washington

Public Release: 20-Apr-2015
American Journal of Hematology
Decreased red blood cell clearance predicts development and worsening of serious diseases
Massachusetts General Hospital investigators have found the probable mechanism underlying a previously described biomarker associated with the risk of developing serious diseases ranging from cancer to cardiovascular disease and the risk of serious complications.
NIH/National Institute for Diabetes and Kidney Disease, National Institutes of Health, Abbott Hematology

Contact: McKenzie Ridings
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 20-Apr-2015
Nature Communications
Iowa State, Ames Lab scientists describe protein pumps that allow bacteria to resist drugs
Research teams led by Edward Yu of Iowa State University and the Ames Laboratory have described the structure of two closely related protein pumps that allow bacteria to resist certain medications. The findings have just been published by Nature Communications and as the April 7 cover paper in Cell Reports.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy/Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Iowa State University

Contact: Edward Yu
Iowa State University

Public Release: 20-Apr-2015
Nature Chemistry
Happily ever after: Scientists arrange protein-nanoparticle marriage
University at Buffalo researchers have discovered a way to easily and effectively fasten proteins to nanoparticles -- essentially an arranged marriage -- by simply mixing them together. The biotechnology, described April 20 online in the journal Nature Chemistry, is in its infancy. But it already has shown promise for developing an HIV vaccine and as a way to target cancer cells.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Cory Nealon
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 20-Apr-2015
Belly fat chatter may be what's raising your blood pressure
Michigan State University researchers, who were the first to suggest that high blood pressure could be caused by belly fat hormones 'talking' with blood vessels in the abdomen, have received a nearly $7 million National Institutes of Health grant to further their work.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarina Gleason
Michigan State University

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3668.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>


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