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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3431.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Stem cell advance may increase efficiency of tissue regeneration
A new stem-cell discovery might one day lead to a more streamlined process for obtaining stem cells, which in turn could be used in the development of replacement tissue for failing body parts, according to UC San Francisco scientists.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, National Institutes of Health, UCSF Program for Breakthrough Biomedical Research, Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, Sontag Foundation

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Forced mutations doom HIV
A new study from MIT researchers reveals how a potential HIV drug exacts its toll on viral populations.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Laser Biomedical Research Center

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Stimulation of brain region restores consciousness to animals under general anesthesia
Stimulating the ventral tegmental area, one of two dopamine-producing regions in the brain, was able to arouse animals receiving general anesthesia with either isoflurane or propofol. The same effect did not result from stimulation of the substantia nigra.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Terri Ogan
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Glucose 'control switch' in the brain key to both types of diabetes
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have pinpointed a mechanism in part of the brain that is key to sensing glucose levels in the blood, linking it to both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. The findings are published in the July 28 issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Strategies identified to improve oral contraceptive success with obese women
The findings of a new study suggest two ways to effectively address the problem that birth control pills may not work as well in obese women, compared to women of a normal body mass index. Either a higher-dose pill or skipping the 'one week off' regimen might work.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ganesh Cherala
Oregon State University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Annals of Neurology
Researchers identify potential biomarker for AD
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine report variants in a new gene, PLXNA4, which may increase the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. The discovery of this novel genetic association may lead to new drug treatment options that target PLXNA4 specifically. These findings appear in the Annals of Neurology.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, Alzheimer Association, Korean Health Technology R&D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scripps Florida scientists find genetic mutations linked to salivary gland tumors
Research conducted at the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute has discovered links between a set of genes known to promote tumor growth and mucoepidermoid carcinoma, an oral cancer that affects the salivary glands. The discovery could help physicians develop new treatments that target the cancer's underlying genetic causes.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, PGA National WCAD Cancer Research Fellowship, Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award, Margaret Q. Landerberger Research Foundation, Swiss National Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Unhealthy habits more than double risk of metabolic syndrome in childhood cancer survivors
A St. Jude Children's Research Hospital study found that 73 percent of adult survivors of childhood cancer more than doubled their risk of developing metabolic syndrome and related health problems by failing to follow a heart-healthy lifestyle.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, ALSAC

Contact: Summer Freeman
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Wyss Institute's technology translation engine launches 'Organs-on-Chips' company
The Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University today announced that its human 'Organs-on-Chips' technology will be commercialized by a newly formed private company to accelerate development of pharmaceutical, chemical, cosmetic, and personalized medicine products.
Harvard's Wyss Institute, National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Food and Drug Administration

Contact: Mary Tolikas
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Perspectives on Psychological Science
Motivation explains disconnect between testing and real-life functioning for seniors
A psychology researcher at North Carolina State University is proposing a new theory to explain why older adults show declining cognitive ability with age, but don't necessarily show declines in the workplace or daily life. One key appears to be how motivated older adults are to maintain focus on cognitive tasks.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cell's recycling center implicated in division decisions
Most cells do not divide unless there is enough oxygen present to support their offspring, but certain cancer cells and other cell types circumvent this rule. Researchers at The Johns Hopkins University have now identified a mechanism that overrides the cells' warning signals, enabling cancers to continue to divide even without a robust blood supply. In the process, the researchers found that lysosomes -- the cell's protein 'recycling centers' -- help govern cell division decisions.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society

Contact: Catherine Kolf
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
Dementia patients more likely to get implanted pacemakers, says Pitt study
People with dementia are more likely to get implanted pacemakers for heart rhythm irregularities, such as atrial fibrillation, than people who don't have cognitive difficulties, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. In a research letter published online in JAMA Internal Medicine, the researchers noted the finding runs counter to expectations that less aggressive interventions are the norm for patients with the incurable and disabling illness.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
Research letter examines pacemaker use in patients with cognitive impairment
Patients with dementia were more likely to receive a pacemaker then patients without cognitive impairment.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Anita Srikameswaranat
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Learning the smell of fear: Mothers teach babies their own fears via odor, research finds
Babies can learn what to fear in the first days of life just by smelling the odor of their distressed mothers', new research suggests. And not just 'natural' fears: If a mother experienced something before pregnancy that made her fear something specific, her baby will quickly learn to fear it too -- through the odor she gives off when she feels fear.
National Institutes of Health, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, University of Michigan

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 28-Jul-2014
Study suggests disruptive effects of anesthesia on brain cell connections are temporary
A study of juvenile rat brain cells suggests that the effects of a commonly used anesthetic drug on the connections between brain cells are temporary.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kim McDonald
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 27-Jul-2014
Scientists discover new, noncommittal mechanism of drug resistance
Microorganisms like bacteria and fungi can evade treatment by acquiring mutations in the genes targeted by antibiotics or antifungal drugs. These permanent mutations were once thought to be the only way for drug resistant strains to evolve. Now a new study has shown that microorganisms can use a temporary silencing of drug targets -- known as epimutations -- to gain the benefits of drug resistance without the commitment.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Jarmul
Duke University

Public Release: 25-Jul-2014
Journal of Parkinson's Disease
Anti-inflammatory drug can prevent neuron loss in Parkinson's model
An experimental anti-inflammatory drug can protect vulnerable neurons and reduce motor deficits in a rat model of Parkinson's disease.
Michael J Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 25-Jul-2014
Cell Metabolism
Manipulating key protein in the brain holds potential against obesity and diabetes
A protein that controls when genes are switched on or off plays a key role in specific areas of the brain to regulate metabolism, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found. The research potentially could lead to new therapies to treat obesity and diabetes, since the transcription factor involved spliced X-box binding protein 1 appears to influence the body's sensitivity to insulin and leptin signaling.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association, American Heart Association, Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation

Contact: Debbie Bolles
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 25-Jul-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Vanderbilt study examines bacteria's ability to fight obesity
A probiotic that prevents obesity could be on the horizon. Bacteria that produce a therapeutic compound in the gut inhibit weight gain, insulin resistance and other adverse effects of a high-fat diet in mice, Vanderbilt University investigators have discovered.
New Innovator Award, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 25-Jul-2014
Cancer Research
Total darkness at night is key to success of breast cancer therapy -- Tulane study
Exposure to light at night, which shuts off nighttime production of the hormone melatonin, renders breast cancer completely resistant to tamoxifen, a widely used breast cancer drug, says a new study by Tulane University School of Medicine cancer researchers.
National Institutes of Health, American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, Edmond and Lily Safra Endowed Chair for Breast Cancer Research at Tulane Cancer Center

Contact: Arthur Nead
Tulane University

Public Release: 25-Jul-2014
Cancer Research
Exposure to dim light at night may make breast cancers resistant to tamoxifen
For rats bearing human breast tumors, exposure to dim light at night made the tumors resistant to the breast cancer drug tamoxifen, according to data published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. The negative effects of dim light exposure on tamoxifen treatment were overcome by giving rats a melatonin supplement during the night.
National Institutes of Health, American Association for Laboratory Animal Science

Contact: Jeremy Moore
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 25-Jul-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Study shows epigenetic changes can drive cancer
Researchers at the United States Department of Agriculture/Agricultural Research Service Children's Nutrition Research Center at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital have now created a mouse model providing the first in vivo evidence that epigenetic alterations alone can cause cancer. Their report appears today in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.
Sidney Kimmel Foundation, US Department of Agriculture, March of Dimes, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Dipali Pathak
Baylor College of Medicine

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of Neuropsychology
Experiences at every stage of life contribute to cognitive abilities in old age
Early life experiences, such as childhood socioeconomic status and literacy, may have greater influence on the risk of cognitive impairment late in life than such demographic characteristics as race and ethnicity, a large study by researchers with the UC Davis Alzheimer's Disease Center and the University of Victoria, Canada, has found.
NIH/National Institure on Aging, Canadian Institutes of Health

Contact: Phyllis Brown
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
It takes two to court
Researchers at the Stowers Institute for Medical Research, have identified the functions of two classes of pheromone receptors, and found pheromones crucial to triggering the mating process in mice.
The Stowers Institute for Medical Research, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders o

Contact: Kim Bland
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Overweight and obese preschoolers lose more weight when parent is also treated
Primary care treatment of overweight and obese preschoolers works better when treatment targets both parent and child compared to when only the child is targeted.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ellen Goldbaum
University at Buffalo

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3431.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>


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