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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3609.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
Team discovers link between lifestyles of indigenous communities & gut microbial ecologies
An international team of researchers led by the University of Oklahoma has discovered a strong association between the lifestyles of indigenous communities and their gut microbial ecologies (gut microbiome), a study that may have implications for the health of all people.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jana Smith
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
EMBO Reports
Control switch that modulates cell stress response may be key to multiple diseases
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered a control switch for the unfolded protein response, a cellular stress relief mechanism drawing major scientific interest because of its role in cancer, diabetes, inflammatory disorders and several neural degenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bonnie Ward
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Study finds why drug for type II diabetes makes people fat
Medication used to treat patients with type II diabetes activates sensors on brain cells that increase hunger, causing people taking this drug to gain more body fat, according to researchers at Georgia State University, Oregon Health and Science University, Georgia Regents University and Charlie Norwood Veterans Administration Medical Center.
NIH/National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Experience saves lives: Advanced life-support study reveals differences in survival rates
An advanced form of life support that takes over for the failing hearts and lungs of critically ill patients saves lives. But for adults, the odds of surviving depend on which hospital provides the life-supporting treatment -- with the best odds at ones that use the technique dozens of times a year, a new study finds.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Human Development, Extracorporeal Life Support Organization, Charles Woodson Fund for Clinical Research

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
Annals of Neurology
Head injury patients show signs of faster aging in the brain
People who have suffered serious head injuries show changes in brain structure resembling those seen in older people, according to a new study.
EU Seventh Framework Programme, NIH/National Institute for Health Research

Contact: Sam Wong
Imperial College London

Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
Promising drug a 'new paradigm' for treating leukemia
Researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine have developed a compound that delays leukemia in mice and effectively kills leukemia cells in human tissue samples, raising hopes that the drug could lead to improved treatments in people. The researchers call it an exciting 'new paradigm' for treating leukemia.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Leukemia & Lymphoma Society

Contact: Josh Barney
University of Virginia Health System

Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
Pitt team identifies mutations associated with development of congenital heart disease
Fetal ultrasound exams on more than 87,000 mice that were exposed to chemicals that can induce random gene mutations enabled developmental biologists at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine to identify mutations associated with congenital heart disease in 61 genes, many not previously known to cause the disease. The study, published online today in Nature, indicates that the antenna-like cellular structures called cilia play a critical role in the development of these heart defects.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
New model for predicting cardiovascular disease risk worldwide
Researchers have developed the first global model for predicting cardiovascular disease risk. The model -- developed by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Imperial College London, and colleagues -- will be of particular help to public health professionals, clinicians, and patients in developing countries for prevention of CVD.
National Institutes of Health, UK Medical Research Council, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
JAMA Psychiatry
Prenatal exposure to common air pollutants linked to cognitive and behavioral impairment
Researchers have found a powerful relationship between prenatal PAH exposure and disturbances in parts of the brain that support information processing and behavioral control.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, US Environmental Protection Agency, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Debra Kain
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
JAMA Psychiatry
Autistic children more likely to have GI issues in early life
Scientists at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health report that children with autism spectrum disorder were two-and-a-half times more likely to have persistent gastrointestinal symptoms as infants and toddlers than children with typical development. Results are published in JAMA Psychiatry.
Norwegian Ministry of Health and Care Service, Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Tim Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
New autism-causing genetic variant identified
Using a novel approach that homes in on rare families severely affected by autism, a Johns Hopkins-led team of researchers has identified a new genetic cause of the disease. The rare genetic variant offers important insights into the root causes of autism, the researchers say. And, they suggest, their unconventional method can be used to identify other genetic causes of autism and other complex genetic conditions.
Simons Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Autism Speaks Dennis Weatherstone Predoctoral Fellowship

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
New England Journal of Medicine
Ebola more deadly for young children
Ebola progresses more quickly and is more likely to be fatal for children under five, according to new research.
Medical Research Council, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute for Health Research, Wellcome Trust, EU PREDEMICS, Fogarty International Center

Contact: Sam Wong
Imperial College London

Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
Nature Genetics
New insights into little known but common birth defect: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Although many genetic mutations have been linked to congenital diaphragmatic hernia, a new study from the University of Utah School of Medicine is the first to demonstrate a linkage between genetic variation and a physiological mechanism that gives rise to defects in the diaphragm. The research points to a crucial role for connective tissue in CDH, and in guiding normal development of the diaphragm. These findings will be published March 25, 2015, in Nature Genetics.
March of Dimes, National Institutes of Health, University of Utah

Contact: Julie Kiefer
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 24-Mar-2015
Computational Biology
Why some HPV infections go away and others become cancer
A Duke study finds that the body's ability to clear an infection by the cancer-causing human papilloma virus (HPV) may be largely due to unpredictable division patterns in HPV-infected stem cells, rather than the strength of the person's immune response as previously thought.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 24-Mar-2015
PLOS Genetics
Genetic discovery may offer new avenue of attack against schistosomiasis
Researchers have discovered a group of genes in one species of snail that provide a natural resistance to the flatworm parasite that causes schistosomiasis, and opens the door to possible new drugs or ways to break the transmission cycle of this debilitating disease. It's been called a neglected global pandemic.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Blouin
Oregon State University

Public Release: 24-Mar-2015
American Journal of Transplantation
Rapid testing for gene variants in kidney donors may optimize transplant outcomes
Kidney transplantation outcomes from deceased African-American donors may improve through rapid testing for apolipoprotein L1 gene renal risk variants at the time of organ recovery, according to a new study led by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marguerite Beck
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Mar-2015
New technique paints tissue samples with light
One infrared scan can give pathologists a window into the structures and molecules inside tissues and cells, enabling fast and broad diagnostic assessments, thanks to an imaging technique developed by University of Illinois researchers and clinical partners. Using a combination of advanced microscope imaging and computer analysis, the new technique can give pathologists and researchers precise information without using chemical stains or dyes.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 24-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers find link between genetic variation and alcohol dependence
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine researchers have discovered a biological clue that could help explain why some drinkers develop a dependence on alcohol and others do not.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Eric Beidel
Virginia Commonwealth University

Public Release: 24-Mar-2015
How to grow a human lung
Scientists from the University of Michigan have grown the first 3-D mini lungs from stem cells.
NIH/National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Jennifer Mitchell

Public Release: 24-Mar-2015
Gynecologic Oncology
Could a tampon one day help predict endometrial cancer? Mayo Clinic researchers say yes
Researchers at Mayo Clinic have shown that it is possible to detect endometrial cancer using tumor DNA picked up by ordinary tampons. The new approach specifically examines DNA samples from vaginal secretions for the presence of chemical 'off' switches -- known as methylation -- that can disable genes that normally keep cancer in check.
Mayo Clinic Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE) in Ovarian Cancer from the National Institutes of Health, the Office of Women's Health Research Building Interdisciplinary Careers in Women's Health (BIRCWH), Mayo Clinic's NCI Cancer Center S

Contact: Joe Dangor
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 24-Mar-2015
PLOS Medicine
Norovirus candidate vaccine induces broad antibody responses in trial participants
A multivalent candidate vaccine elicits broad antibody responses to a range of norovirus strains, including strains not included in the vaccine or previously encountered by participants, according to a new study published this week in PLOS Medicine. The results of the study, led by Lisa Lindesmith and Ralph Baric of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, indicate that a vaccine to norovirus may be available in the future.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Maya Sandler

Public Release: 24-Mar-2015
Mayo Clinic study of thousands of brains reveals tau as driver of Alzheimer's disease
By examining more than 3,600 postmortem brains, researchers at Mayo Clinic's campuses in Jacksonville, Florida, and Rochester, Minnesota, have found that the progression of dysfunctional tau protein drives the cognitive decline and memory loss seen in Alzheimer's disease.
National Institutes of Health, Mangurian Foundation, Robert H. and Clarice Smith and Abigail vanBuren Alzheimer's Disease Research Program, Elsie and Marvin Dekelboum Family Foundation, Donors Cure Foundation

Contact: Kevin Punsky
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 24-Mar-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
After learning new words, brain sees them as pictures
When we look at a known word, our brain sees it like a picture, not a group of letters needing to be processed. That's the finding from a new study that shows the brain learns words quickly by tuning neurons to respond to a complete word, not parts of it.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen Teber
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Mar-2015
Nature Immunology
Experiments reveal key components of the body's machinery for battling deadly tularemia
Research led by scientists at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital has identified key molecules that trigger the immune system to launch an attack on the bacterium that causes tularemia. The research was published online March 16 in Nature Immunology.
National Institutes of Health, ALSAC

Contact: Carrie Strehlau
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Public Release: 23-Mar-2015
Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Unraveling cystic fibrosis puzzle, taking it personally matters
A comprehensive bioinformatics analysis of human lung bacteria from a uniquely detailed, long-term data set has discovered a previously unknown relationship between population changes in a single bacterial species and subsequent flare-ups of disease in cystic fibrosis. The study was made possible by the unusual cooperation of a single cystic fibrosis patient -- the lead author in the study.
National Institutes of Health, Cystic Fibrosis Foundation

Contact: James Hathaway
University of North Carolina at Charlotte

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3609.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>


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