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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3603.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

Public Release: 24-Feb-2015
Nature Communications
Do genes play a role in peanut allergies? New study suggests yes
Researchers have pinpointed a region in the human genome associated with peanut allergy in US children, offering strong evidence that genes can play a role in the development of food allergies.
Bunning Family and Foundations, Food Allergy Research & Education, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhu.edu
410-955-7619
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Disparities in breast cancer care linked to net worth
Household net worth is a major and overlooked factor in adherence to hormonal therapy among breast cancer patients and partially explains racial disparities in quality of care.
American Cancer Society, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
ket2116@columbia.edu
212-342-0508
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
2015 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium
Sunitinib, sorafenib of no benefit in ECOG-ACRIN renal cell trial
Research results highlighted today at the press conference of a major medical meeting report no benefit from the use of either Sutent (sunitinib) or Nexavar (sorafenib) among patients with locally advanced renal cell carcinoma at high risk of recurrence, the ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group announced. Both of these oral drugs are widely used in helping patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, commonly called kidney cancer, live longer with their disease.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Diane M. Dragaud
ddragaud@ecog-acrin.org
215-789-3631
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
USF biologists: Reductions in biodiversity can elevate disease risk
Using a combination of experiments, field studies, and mathematical models, University of South Florida biologists and colleagues from four other universities show that having an abundance and diversity of predators -- such as dragonflies, damselflies, and aquatic bugs -- to eat parasites is good for the health of amphibians, a group of animals experiencing worldwide population declines.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Agriculture, US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Jason Rohr
jasonrohr@gmail.com
813-974-0156
University of South Florida (USF Health)

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Journal of American Society of Nephrology
Diet high in red meat may make kidney disease worse
An estimated 26 million people in the United States have chronic kidney disease, which can lead to complete kidney failure. Once the kidneys fail, patients either need to undergo dialysis treatments three times a week or have a kidney transplant to remain alive. In 2013, more than 47,000 Americans died from kidney disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Holly Lambert Shive
hshive@tamhsc.edu
979-436-0613
Texas A&M University

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Small predator diversity is an important part of a healthy ecosystem
Biodiversity, including small predators such as dragonflies and other aquatic bugs that attack and consume parasites, may improve the health of amphibians, according to a team of researchers. Amphibians have experienced marked declines in the wild around the world in recent decades, the team added.
US Department of Agriculture, US Environmental Protection Agency, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
Motor proteins prefer slow, steady movement
A new theoretical approach clarifies interactions between motor proteins and yields the discovery that both weak and strong forces influence how they keep a cell's transport system robust.
National Institutes of Health, Welch Foundation, Rice's Center for Theoretical Biological Physics

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Nature Medicine
Molecular link between obesity and type 2 diabetes reveals potential therapy
Researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have discovered that the inflammatory molecule LTB4 promotes insulin resistance, a first step in developing type 2 diabetes. What's more, the team found that genetically removing the cell receptor that responds to LTB4, or blocking it with a drug, improves insulin sensitivity in obese mice. The study is published Feb. 23 by Nature Medicine.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Merck, Inc.

Contact: Heather Buschman
hbuschman@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Nature Communications
Epigenome orchestrates embryonic development
Studying zebrafish embryos, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that the epigenome plays a significant part in guiding development in the first 24 hours after fertilization. The research, which appears in the journal Nature Communications, may deepen understanding of congenital defects and miscarriage.
Washington University McDonnell International Scholars Program, Kwanjeong Educational Foundation, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, March of Dimes Foundation, American Cancer Society, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
straitj@wustl.edu
314-286-0141
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Scientists find a key protein that allows Plavix to conquer platelets
UNC School of Medicine researchers found that the blood platelet protein Rasa3 is critical to the success of the common anti-platelet drug Plavix, which breaks up blood clots during heart attacks and other arterial diseases. The discovery details how Rasa3 is part of a cellular pathway crucial for platelet activity during clot formation. Understanding the protein's role could also prove vital in the development of new compounds aimed at altering platelet function.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association, European Hematology Association, International Society of Thrombosis and Hemostasis

Contact: Mark Derewicz
mark.derewicz@unch.unc.edu
919-923-0959
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Nature Neuroscience
How brain waves guide memory formation
MIT researchers found that two brain regions that are key to learning -- the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex -- use two different brain-wave frequencies to communicate as the brain learns to associate unrelated objects.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, The Picower Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Neuron
Brain makes decisions with same method used to break WW2 Enigma code
When making simple decisions, neurons in the brain apply the same statistical trick used by Alan Turing to help break Germany's Enigma code during World War II.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lucky Tran
lt2549@cumc.columbia.edu
212-305-3689
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Antioxidants and Redox Signaling
Study sheds light on a 'guardian' protein of brain function
The critical role of CHIP was reported recently in the journal Antioxidants and Redox Signaling by researchers at Vanderbilt University. Their report has spurred efforts to develop CHIP-enhancing drugs to help speed recovery from strokes and following neurosurgery, and prevent development of neurodegenerative disorders.
Walter and Suzanne Scott Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Scott Foundation, Dan Marino Foundation

Contact: Craig Boerner
craig.boerner@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
American Journal of Human Genetics
Researchers pin down genetic pathways linked to CF disease severity
Mutation of one gene is all it takes to get cystic fibrosis, but disease severity depends on many other genes and proteins. For the first time, UNC researchers identified genetic pathways that play major roles in why one person with CF might have severe symptoms while another person might not.
National Institutes of Health, US Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and CF Canada

Contact: Mark Derewicz
mark.derewicz@unch.unc.edu
919-923-0959
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Wisdom teeth stem cells can transform into cells that could treat corneal scarring
Stem cells from the dental pulp of wisdom teeth can be coaxed to become cells of the eye's cornea and could one day be used to repair corneal scarring due to infection or injury, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. The findings, published online today in STEM CELLS Translational Medicine, indicate they also could become a new source of corneal transplant tissue made from the patient's own cells.
National Institutes of Health, Research to Prevent Blindness, Eye and Ear Foundation of Pittsburgh

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
SrikamAV@upmc.edu
412-578-9193
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Small loop in human prion protein prevents chronic wasting disease
Chronic wasting disease affects North American elk and deer, but has not been observed in humans. Using a mouse model that expresses an altered form of the normal human prion protein, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have determined why the human proteins aren't corrupted when exposed to the elk prions. Their study identifies a small loop in the human prion protein that confers resistance to chronic wasting disease.
National Institutes of Health, Government of Spain, Morris Animal Foundation

Contact: Heather Buschman
hbuschman@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Small molecule might help reduce cancer in at-risk population, Stanford study finds
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have found that by changing the selectivity of an enzyme, a small molecule could potentially be used to decrease the likelihood of alcohol-related cancers in an at-risk population.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rosanne Spector
manishma@stanford.edu
650-725-5374
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Customized DNA rings aid early cancer detection in mice, Stanford study finds
Stanford University School of Medicine investigators administered a customized genetic construct consisting of tiny rings of DNA, called DNA minicircles, to mice. The scientists then showed that mice with tumors produced a substance that tumor-free mice didn't make. The substance was easily detected 48 hours later by a simple blood test.
Canary Foundation, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Ben and Catherine Ivy Foundation, Sir Peter Michael Foundation

Contact: Bruce Goldman
goldmanb@stanford.edu
650-725-2106
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Feb-2015
2015 AAAAI Annual Meeting
Breastfeeding, other factors help shape immune system early in life
Henry Ford Hospital researchers say that breastfeeding and other factors influence a baby's immune system development and susceptibility to allergies and asthma by what's in their gut.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: David Olejarz
David.Olejarz@hfhs.org
313-874-4094
Henry Ford Health System

Public Release: 20-Feb-2015
Science Advances
New research pinpoints crucial protein that keeps the heart beating on time
The average heart beats 35 million times a year -- 2.5 billion times over a lifetime. Those beats must be precisely calibrated; even a small divergence from the metronomic rhythm can cause sudden death. For decades, scientists have wondered exactly how the heart stays so precisely on rhythm. Now, researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine have helped identify how a particular protein plays a central role in this astonishing consistency. This is the first time the mechanism has been described.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Kohn
dkohn@som.umaryland.edu
410-706-7590
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Public Release: 20-Feb-2015
Science Advances
Keeping the heart's engine in sync: Contractions' efficiency depends on critical protein
Researchers have identified a remarkable protein that helps choreograph the highly specific series of events that ensure the heart beats consistently and accurately. Called myosin-binding protein C (cMyBP-C), this protein performs its masterpiece inside the sarcomere, a part of the heart muscle tissue that is one-fiftieth the diameter of a human hair. Trillions or more sarcomeres must contract simultaneously in order for the heart to maintain its beat. Problems with this protein can cause sudden death via a condition called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jennifer Nachbur
jennifer.nachbur@uvm.edu
802-656-7875
University of Vermont

Public Release: 20-Feb-2015
LSU researcher receives $1.8 million NIH grant to study proteins in rickettsial species
Juan J. Martinez, Ph.D., associate professor in the Department of Pathobiological Sciences at the LSU School of Veterinary Medicine, has been awarded a five-year grant from the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease to further understand the contribution of a family of outer-membrane proteins termed surface cell antigens, expressed by pathogenic rickettsial species to the initiation and progression of disease in animals and humans.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease

Contact: Ginger Guttner
ginger@lsu.edu
225-578-9922
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 20-Feb-2015
American College of Sports Medicine Northwest Regional Chapter Meeting
MARC travel awards announced for: The ACSM Northwest Regional Chapter Meeting
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the American College of Sports Medicine Northwest Regional Chapter Meeting from Feb. 27-28, 2015 in Bend, Ore.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kelly Husser
khusser@faseb.org
301-634-7109
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Public Release: 20-Feb-2015
Genetics Society of America 56th Annual Drosophila Research Conference
MARC Travel Awards announced for the GSA 56th Annual Drosophila Research Conference
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the Genetics Society of America 56th Annual Drosophila Research Conference from March 4-8, 2015, in Chicago, Ill.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kelly Husser
khusser@faseb.org
301-634-7109
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Public Release: 20-Feb-2015
Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities 2015 Annual Meeting
MARC Travel Awards Announced for ABRF 2015 Annual Meeting
FASEB MARC (Maximizing Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for the Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities 2015 Annual Meeting from March 28-31, 2015, in St. Louis, Mo.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kelly Husser
khusser@faseb.org
301-634-7109
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3603.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

     
   

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