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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3431.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Studying estrogens made by the brain may offer new insights in learning and memory
New studies being launched by neurobiologist Luke Remage-Healey at the University of Massachusetts Amherst will investigate how estrogens produced in the brains of young birds enhance their ability to learn songs during a critical window during development. This period has a parallel to universal language development in human children.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Try, try again? Study says no
MIT neuroscientists find that trying harder makes it more difficult to learn some aspects of language.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Mothers of children with autism benefit from peer-led intervention
Peer-led interventions that target parental well-being can significantly reduce stress, depression and anxiety in mothers of children with disabilities, according to new findings released today in the journal Pediatrics.
NIH/National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Jennifer Wetzel
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Vanderbilt discovery may advance colorectal cancer diagnosis and treatment
A Vanderbilt University-led research team has identified protein 'signatures' of genetic mutations that drive colorectal cancer, the nation's second leading cause of cancer deaths after lung cancer.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
JAMA Ophthalmology
Iodine may alleviate swelling in retinitis pigmentosa patients' retinas
Researchers from the Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Harvard Medical School, and Boston University School of Medicine tested whether the extent of retinal swelling due to cystoid macular edema was inversely related to dietary iodine intake in patients with retinitis pigmentosa and found that it was. This finding raises the possibility that an iodine supplement could help limit or reduce central foveal swelling in retinitis pigmentosa patients with cystoid macular edema.
NIH/National Eye Institute, Massachusetts Lions Eye Research Fund, Inc., Foundation Fighting Blindness

Contact: Mary Leach
Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Large twin study suggests that language delay due more to nature than nurture
A study of 473 sets of twins followed since birth found twins have twice the rate of language delay as do single-born children. Moreover, identical twins have greater rates of language delay than do non-identical twins, strengthening the case for the heritability of language.
NIH/National Institute for Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Karen Salisbury Henry
University of Kansas

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Journal of Cell Biology
When temperatures get cold, newly discovered process helps fruit flies cope
Cold-blooded animals cannot regulate their body temperature, so their cells are stressed when facing temperature extremes. Worse still, even at slightly colder temperatures, some biological processes in the cell are slowed down more than others, which should throw the cells' delicate chemical balance out of whack. Yet those cells manage to keep their biological processes coordinated. Now researchers from the University of Rochester and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory have found out how they do that.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Peter Iglinski/LeonorSierra
University of Rochester

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Mycobacteria metabolism discovery may pave way for new TB drugs
The mystery of why mycobacteria -- a family that includes the microbe that causes TB -- are extraordinarily hardy organisms is being unravelled by University of Otago, New Zealand, research that offers new hope for developing a revolutionary class of antibiotics to tackle TB.
Royal Society of New Zealand's Marsden Fund, James Cook Research Fellowship, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Greg Cook
University of Otago

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Developmental Science
Brain waves show learning to read does not end in 4th grade, contrary to popular theory
Teachers-in-training have long been taught that fourth grade is when students stop learning to read and start reading to learn. But a new Dartmouth study tested the theory by analyzing brain waves and found that fourth-graders do not experience a change in automatic word processing, a crucial component of the reading shift theory. Instead, some types of word processing become automatic before fourth grade, while others don't switch until after fifth.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Shea Drefs
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Scientists successfully generate human platelets using next-generation bioreactor
Scientists at Brigham and Women's Hospital have developed a scalable, next-generation platelet bioreactor to generate fully functional human platelets in vitro. The work is a major biomedical advancement that will help address blood transfusion needs worldwide.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Temple University researchers eliminate the HIV virus from cultured human cells for first time
The HIV-1 virus has proved to be tenacious, inserting its genome permanently into its victims' DNA, forcing patients to take a lifelong drug regimen to control the virus and prevent a fresh attack. Now, a team of Temple University School of Medicine researchers has designed a way to snip out the integrated HIV-1 genes for good.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeremy Walter
Temple University Health System

Public Release: 20-Jul-2014
Nature Genetics
Common gene variants account for most of the genetic risk for autism
Nearly 60 percent of the risk of developing autism is genetic and most of that risk is caused by inherited variant genes that are common in the population and present in individuals without the disorder, according to a study led by researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published in the July 20 edition of Nature Genetics.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Elizabeth Dowling
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 20-Jul-2014
Metabolic enzyme stops progression of most common type of kidney cancer
Researchers found that an enzyme called FBP1 -- essential for regulating metabolism -- binds to a transcription factor in the nucleus of certain kidney cells and restrains energy production in the cell body. What's more, they determined that this enzyme is missing from all kidney tumor tissue analyzed. These tumor cells without FBP1 produce energy at a much faster rate than their non-cancer cell counterparts.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 20-Jul-2014
New findings show strikingly early seeding of HIV viral reservoir
New research finds that the viral reservoir is established substantially earlier after HIV infection than previously recognized.
US Military Research and Material Command, US Military HIV Research Program, Henry M. Jackson Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Ragon Foundation

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Jul-2014
Nature Genetics
Genetic risk for autism stems mostly from common genes
Using new statistical tools, Carnegie Mellon University's Kathryn Roeder has led an international team of researchers to discover that most of the genetic risk for autism comes from versions of genes that are common in the population rather than from rare variants or spontaneous glitches.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Shilo Rea
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 19-Jul-2014
20th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014)
Drug that reduces abdominal fat in HIV patients also may reduce fat in liver
The only drug to receive Food and Drug Administration approval for reduction of the abdominal fat deposits that develop in some patients receiving antiviral therapy for HIV infection may also reduce the incidence of fatty liver disease in such patients. Massachusetts General Hospital investigators report that six months of daily injections of tesamorelin significantly reduced fat in the liver without affecting glucose metabolism.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Cassandra Aviles
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 18-Jul-2014
Immune cell's role in intestinal movement may lead to better understanding of IBS
Learning the role of immune-system cells in healthy digestive tracts and how they interact with neighboring nerve cells may lead to new treatments for irritable bowel syndrome.
National Institutes of Health, Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America

Contact: Matt Solovey
Penn State

Public Release: 18-Jul-2014
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology
Genetic variations may modify cardiovascular benefit of aspirin
A new study suggests that a common genetic variation in the COMT gene may modify the cardiovascular benefit of aspirin, and in some people, may confer slight harm.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute, National Center for Complementary Medicine, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
'Support' cells in brain play important role in Down syndrome
Researchers from UC Davis School of Medicine and Shriners Hospitals for Children -- Northern California have identified a group of cells in the brain that they say plays an important role in the abnormal neuron development in Down syndrome.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Multiple Sclerosis Society, Shriners Hospitals for Children, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Memorial Hermann Foundation (Staman Ogilvie Fund), Bents

Contact: Charles Casey
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
National Science Review
PIWI proteins and piRNAs regulate genes in the germline and beyond
PIWI proteins associate with PIWI-interacting RNAs, which are a class of 2432 nucleotide small non-coding RNAs. Current studies show that PIWI proteins and their interactors regulate piRNA biogenesis and diverse biological processes including transposon silencing, epigenetic programming, DNA rearrangements, mRNA turnover, and translational control, both in the germline and the soma. These discoveries on the PIWI-piRNA pathway have revealed an intriguing new dimension of sncRNA-mediated gene regulation in the cell.
National Institutes of Health, G. Harold & Leila Mathers Foundation, Ellison Medical Foundation Senior Scholar Award

Contact: Haifan Lin
Science China Press

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Huntsman Cancer Institute receives NIH grant to establish national clinical trials site
A team of physician-researchers from Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah has received nearly $3.6 million over the next five years in a cooperative agreement with the National Institutes of Health to establish a Network Lead Academic Participating Site.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Linda Aagard
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Health Psychology
Losing sleep over your divorce? Your blood pressure could suffer
It's normal for people to experience trouble sleeping after a divorce, but if sleep problems last too long, they can lead to potentially harmful increases in blood pressure, a new University of Arizona study finds. The research suggests that poor sleep quality might be one of the reasons divorce is linked to negative health effects.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Alexis Blue
University of Arizona

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Journal of Human Hypertension
Eating lean beef daily can help lower blood pressure
Contrary to conventional wisdom, a growing body of evidence shows that eating lean beef can reduce risk factors for heart disease, according to recent research by nutritional scientists.
Beef Checkoff Program, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Victoria Indivero
Penn State

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Journal of Immunology
GW researcher unlocks next step in creating HIV-1 immunotherapy using fossil virus
Douglas Nixon, chair of the Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine at the George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, was published in the Cutting Edge section of the Journal of Immunology for his discovery of an antibody that can neutralize the HIV-1 fossil virus. This may lead to finding a viable immunotherapy option for HIV-1.
National Institutes of Health, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, The Foundation for AIDS Research, The Peter And Shelagh Godsoe Family Foundation

Contact: Lisa Anderson
George Washington University

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Lipoic acid helps restore, synchronize the 'biological clock'
Researchers have discovered a possible explanation for the surprisingly large range of biological effects that are linked to a micronutrient called lipoic acid: It appears to reset and synchronize circadian rhythms, or the 'biological clock' found in most life forms.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tory Hagen
Oregon State University

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3431.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>


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