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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3796.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

Public Release: 28-Jul-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Research grasps how the brain plans gripping motion
A new study significantly advances neuroscientists' understanding of how a region of the brain formulates plans for the hand to grip an object. The findings could lead to direct application to improving brain-computer interface control over robotic arms and hands.
US Department of Veterans Affairs, National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Katie Samson Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2015
Specific cardiovascular risk factors may predict Alzheimer's disease
Specific cardiovascular risk factors, such as alcohol consumption, smoking, obesity and diabetes, are associated with smaller regional brain volumes that may be early indicators of Alzheimer's disease and dementia according to a study.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Linda Brooks
Radiological Society of North America

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Researchers create promising new mouse model for lung injury repair
Researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles and The Saban Research Institute of CHLA have created a dynamic functional mouse model for lung injury repair, a tool that will help scientists explain the origins of lung disease and provide a system by which new therapies can be identified and tested. Their findings have been published online by the American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology.
National Institutes of Health, Pasadena Guild, Garland Foundation, California Institute of Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Jennifer Marcus
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
NIH helps UC San Diego researchers repurpose Sanofi pain drug for tropical disease
The National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health, has awarded James McKerrow, M.D., Ph.D., dean of the University of California, San Diego Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, with a 2015 New Therapeutic Uses Award.
NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
One in 4 patients with defibrillators experiences boost in heart function over time
A Johns Hopkins-led study of outcomes among 1,200 people with implanted defibrillators -- devices intended to prevent sudden cardiac death from abnormal heart rhythms -- shows that within a few years of implantation, one in four experienced improvements in heart function substantial enough to put them over the clinical threshold that qualified them to get a defibrillator in the first place.
National Institutes of Health, Donald W. Reynolds Foundation

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Cell Reports
In lab tests, new therapy slows spread of deadly brain tumor cells
The rapid spread of a common and deadly brain tumor has been slowed down significantly in a mouse model by cutting off the way some cancer cells communicate, according to a team of researchers that includes UF Health faculty.
American Cancer Society, National Institutes of Health, Sontag Foundation, Lerner Research Institute, Florida Center for Brain Tumor Research

Contact: Doug Bennett
University of Florida

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
$4.8 million NIH study will teach an old drug to maintain its tricks
With the help of a nearly $4.9 million, 5-year grant from the National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health, Wayne State University School of Medicine researchers are leading a landmark multi-center, international study that will provide essential information to clinicians for use of polymoxin B in critically ill patients where no other treatments will work.
NIH/National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Study will explore taste changes related to obesity, gastric bypass surgery
Currently, one of the most effective surgical methods for treating obesity is the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, which limits the amount of food and drink that can be ingested at one time and the amount of calories and nutrients absorbed through the intestinal tract. An unintended side effect of RYGB is that it reduces the patient's taste for sweet and fatty foods -- but there is no scientific explanation for why these taste changes occur.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kat Gilmore
University of Georgia

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Developmental Neuropsychology
Babies' brains show that social skills linked to second language learning
Babies learn language best by interacting with people rather than passively through a video or audio recording. But it's been unclear what aspects of social interactions make them so important for learning. New findings by researchers at the Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences at the University of Washington demonstrate for the first time that an early social behavior called gaze shifting is linked to infants' ability to learn new language sounds.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Molly McElroy
University of Washington

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Nature Genetics
Yale study identifies 'major player' in skin cancer genes
A multidisciplinary team at Yale, led by Yale Cancer Center members, has defined a subgroup of genetic mutations that are present in a significant number of melanoma skin cancer cases. Their findings shed light on an important mutation in this deadly disease, and may lead to more targeted anti-cancer therapies.
Yale SPORE in Skin Cancer, NIH/National Cancer Institute, US National Institutes of Health, Melanoma Research Alliance, Gilead Sciences, Inc., Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Ziba Kashef
Yale University

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Tissue Engineering
Scientists' silk structure is secret to process of regenerating salivary cells
A research team led by Chih-Ko Yeh, B.D.S., Ph.D., from The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, is the first to use silk fibers as a framework to grow stem cells into salivary gland cells. The new process could provide relief for millions of individuals with dry mouth, including patients with Sjögren's syndrome, survivors of head and neck cancer, and those who take drugs with a side effect that limits saliva production.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Veterans Administration

Contact: Rosanne Fohn
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Narrowing in on pituitary tumors
In a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on July 27, investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital present a new technique that could help surgeons more precisely define the locations of pituitary tumors in near real-time.
National Institutes of Health, US Army Medical Research/CIMIT, National Center for Image Guided Therapy

Contact: Haley Bridger
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Scientists win $1.5 million to study new strategies for Parkinson's disease and other disorders
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have been awarded nearly $1.5 million from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences to explore the therapeutic potential of a class of proteins that play essential roles in the regulation and maintenance of human health.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Gene therapy may improve survival of patients with recurrent ovarian cancer
Use of gene therapy to deliver a protein that suppresses the development of female reproductive organs may improve the survival of patients with ovarian cancer that has recurred after chemotherapy, which happens 70 percent of the time and is invariably fatal.
Ovarian Cancer Research Fund, Sudna Gar Foundation, US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Katie Marquedant
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
In mice, experimental drug treatment for Rett syndrome suggests the disorder is reversible
A team at CSHL has developed a strikingly new approach for treating Rett syndrome, a devastating autism spectrum disorder. In a paper appearing today they demonstrate that treatment with small-molecule drug candidates significantly extends lifespan in male mice that model Rett and ameliorates several behavioral symptoms in females.
National Institutes of Health, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Cancer Center, American Diabetes Association

Contact: Peter Tarr
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Brain Research
Low-dose lithium reduces side effects from most common treatment for Parkinson's disease
Low-dose lithium reduced involuntary motor movements -- the troubling side effect of the medication most commonly used to treat Parkinson's disease (PD) -- in a mouse model of the condition that is diagnosed in about 60,000 Americans each year. The third in a series of studies from the Andersen lab involving PD and low-dose lithium, the results add to mounting evidence that low-doses of the psychotropic drug could benefit patients suffering from the incurable, degenerative condition.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kris Rebillot
Buck Institute for Research on Aging

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
In CRISPR advance, scientists successfully edit human T cells
In a project spearheaded by investigators at UC San Francisco, scientists have devised a new strategy to precisely modify human T cells using the genome-editing system known as CRISPR/Cas9. Because these immune-system cells play important roles in a wide range of diseases, from diabetes to AIDS to cancer, the achievement provides a versatile new tool for research on T cell function, as well as a path toward CRISPR/Cas9-based therapies for many serious health problems.
National Institutes of Health, National MS Society, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Pete Farley
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Lingering lymphocytes lash out against Leishmania
Immune cells that hang around after parasitic skin infection help ward off secondary attack. These skin squatters may prove to be the key to successful anti-parasite vaccines.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Malaria's key to the liver uncovered
Scientists uncover a port of liver entry for malaria parasites, and if these results hold up in humans, drugs that target this entry protein might help prevent the spread of disease.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Flow means 'go' for proper lymph system development
The lymph system provides a slow flow of fluid from tissues into the blood. It returns fluid and proteins that leak from blood vessels, provides passage for immune cells from the tissues to the blood, and hosts key niches for immune cells. How this system develops hasn't been well understood, but now researchers have found from that the early flow of lymph fluid is a critical factor in the development of mature lymphatic vessels.
National Institutes of Health, Leducq Foundation

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
PLOS Biology
Some vaccines support evolution of more-virulent viruses
Scientific experiments with the herpesvirus such as the one that causes Marek's disease in poultry have confirmed, for the first time, the highly controversial theory that some vaccines could allow more-virulent versions of a virus to survive, putting unvaccinated individuals at greater risk of severe illness. The research has important implications for food-chain security and food-chain economics, as well as for other diseases that affect humans and agricultural animals.
NIH/National Institutes of Health Institute of General Medical Sciences, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, NSF-NIH-USDA/Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Program

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Jul-2015
Journal of Pain
Know it's a placebo? CU-Boulder study shows the 'medicine' could still work
A new CU-Boulder study shoes that under certain conditions, research participants who know a treatment they are receiving to ease pain is a placebo with no medical value, it still works.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tor Wager
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 24-Jul-2015
Science Advances
Rice disease-resistance discovery closes the loop for scientific integrity
UC Davis researchers here identify a protein in a crop-attacking bacterial disease, showing how the presence of the protein alerts the plant that a microbial invasion is in progress and allows the plant to launch a defensive immune response. The discovery is especially important because it corrects an earlier error, which in 2013 led this laboratory to publicly retract two important research releases.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, European Molecular Biology Association, Human Frontiers Science Program, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research in India, Welch Foundation, Monsanto's Beachell-Borlaug International

Contact: Patricia Bailey
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Researchers find new method to halt the advance of liver cancer
Study suggests that drugs targeting the lymphotoxin-beta receptor may improve liver cancer treatment.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Susan Gammon
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
2015 International Conference on Robotics and Automation
Tiny mechanical wrist gives new dexterity to needlescopic surgery
A Vanderbilt research team has successfully created a mechanical wrist less than 1/16th of an inch thick -- small enough to use in needlescopic surgery, the least invasive form of minimally invasive surgery.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Showing releases 51-75 out of 3796.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>


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