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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 76-100 out of 3717.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 > >>

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Schizophrenia Research
Identifying youth as 'at risk' for mental problems may be less a stigma than the symptoms
Little is known about the potential harm inherent in labeling young people at risk for schizophrenia. A study finds that those identified as at clinical risk described feeling stigmatized by the symptoms that led them to seek help to a stronger degree than the risk label. The study is the first to address the separate effects of symptoms and labeling on stigma in young people identified as at clinical high risk for psychotic disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, New York State Office of Mental Hygiene, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation Young Investigator Award, Rollin M. Gerstacker Foundation, and others

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How the retina marches to the beat of its own drum
Researchers at Johns Hopkins and the University of Washington report new research that sheds light on how the retina sets its own biological rhythm using a novel light-sensitive pigment, called neuropsin, found in nerve cells at the back of the eye.
NIH/National Eye Institute, Research to Prevent Blindness

Contact: Catherine Gara
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Scientific Reports
Tools for illuminating brain function make their own light
A variant on the optogenetics technique gives neuroscientists the choice of activating neurons with light or an externally supplied chemical.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Advanced Materials
Researchers disguise drugs as platelets to target cancer
Researchers have for the first time developed a technique that coats anticancer drugs in membranes made from a patient's own platelets, allowing the drugs to last longer in the body and attack both primary cancer tumors and the circulating tumor cells that can cause a cancer to metastasize. The work was tested successfully in an animal model.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
MIA grants $3.5 million for JAX Alzheimer's disease research
The National Institute on Aging (NIA) has announced a grant of $3,567,446 to Jackson Laboratory (JAX) Assistant Professor Gareth Howell, Ph.D., and Harvard University Assistant Professor Beth Stevens, Ph.D., for research in mechanisms of Alzheimer's disease.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Joyce Peterson
Jackson Laboratory

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Technology to crowdsource complex triggers of pediatric asthma
While pollution from cars and other sources is known to trigger asthma in some children, there are a number of lesser-understood factors that also increase their risk -- everything from viral infections, to stress, to playing soccer all day. A team of University of Utah researchers is developing an informatics platform that will make it possible to crowdsource scientific data and, eventually, pinpoint the cause of a child's wheezing.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julie Kiefer
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Nature Communications
Five genetic regions implicated in cystic fibrosis severity
If you have two faulty copies of the CFTR gene, you will have cystic fibrosis. But the severity of your disease will depend partly on many other genes. Now, researchers report that five regions of the human genome are home to the genetic variations that play major roles in disease severity.
National Institutes of Health, Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, Cystic Fibrosis Canada, and The Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Chimpanzee personality linked to anatomy of brain structures, study finds
Chimpanzees' personality traits are linked to the anatomy of specific brain structures, according to researchers at Georgia State University, the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and University of Copenhagen.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Biomarkers in maternal blood can identify pregnant women with lupus at low risk for adverse outcomes
Pregnant women with systemic lupus erythematosus, are at higher risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preeclampsia, placental insufficiency, fetal death, miscarriages, and other complications. A consortium of top researchers funded by NIH/NIAMS report that monitoring specific angiogenic biomarkers in maternal blood during early pregnancy can successfully predict patients who will likely have normal pregnancies and those at high risk for adverse outcomes. This will enable physicians to identify, counsel, and manage high risk patients at an early stage of pregnancy.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, Mary Kirkland Center for Lupus

Contact: Eileen Leahy
Elsevier Health Sciences

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Genome Biology
Your gut development during infancy can have lifelong implications
The suckling period (infancy) in mice is critical for epigenetic changes (changes that affect the way genes are expressed) in the development of stem cells in the intestine, potentially affecting intestinal health for life. Moreover, the intestinal microbiome guides these epigenetic processes, said researchers at the USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center at Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital in a report that appears today in the journal Genome Biology.
Sidney Kimmel Foundation, US Department of Agriculture, March of Dimes, National Institutes of Health, Bill & Melinda Gates Grand Challenges Explorations Grant

Contact: Dipali Pathak
Baylor College of Medicine

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Meningitis model shows infection's sci-fi-worthy creep into the brain
Scientists at Duke Medicine are using transparent fish to watch in real time as Cryptococcal meningitis takes over the brain. The resulting images are worthy of a sci-fi movie teaser, but could be valuable in disrupting the real, crippling brain infection that kills more than 600,000 people worldwide each year.
Duke University Center for AIDS Research, National Institutes of Health, Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, Mallinckrodt Scholar Award, Searle Scholar Award, Vallee Foundation, Medicine Research Collaboration Award

Contact: Samiha Khanna
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Scientists control rats' senses of familiarity, novelty
Brown University brain scientists didn't just study how recognition of familiarity and novelty arise in the mammalian brain, they actually took control, inducing rats to behave as if images they'd seen before were new, and images they had never seen were old.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Competing mice reveal genetic defects
In recent years, University of Utah biologists showed that when wild-type mice compete in seminatural 'mouse barns' for food, territory and mates, they can suffer health problems not revealed by conventional toxicity tests. This test previously found mouse reproduction and survival was harmed by inbreeding, certain medicines and fructose. Now, the sensitive toxicity test detected impaired reproduction in mice caused by genetic mutations that had seemed harmless when studied by developmental techniques.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
University of Utah

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists decode structure at root of muscular disease
Researchers at Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine have unlocked the structural details of a protein seen as key to treating nemaline myopathy, a neuromuscular disease that causes muscle weakness.
National Institutes of Health, Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Kessler researchers link spatial neglect after stroke with poor outcomes
Using the Kessler Foundation Neglect Assessment Process, Kessler researchers found a high rate of spatial neglect among inpatients with stroke. Affected patients had a higher risk for falls, longer lengths of stay and lesser likelihood of returning home after discharge. 'Impact of Spatial Neglect on Stroke Rehabilitation: Evidence from the Setting of an Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility' was published in the Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Healthcare Foundation of New Jersey, National Institute on Disability Independent Living and Rehabilitation Research, National Institutes of Health, Kessler Foundation, Wallerstein Foundation for Geriatric Improvement

Contact: Carolann Murphy
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
Experimental Physiology
A walk around the office can reverse vascular dysfunction caused by hours at a computer
Across the country, many employees are seated at desks for the majority of an eight-hour workday. As technology creates an increase in sedentary lifestyles, the impact of sitting on vascular health is a rising concern. Now, researchers from the University of Missouri have found that when a person sits for six straight hours, vascular function is impaired -- but by walking for just 10 minutes after a prolonged period of sitting, vascular health can be restored.
National Institutes of Health, American Physiological Society

Contact: Derek Thompson
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
NCI renews funding for San Diego Universities, community health centers to work together
A collaborative program aimed at reducing the burden of cancer among Hispanic/Latinos in San Diego and Imperial counties through research and community outreach has received a $13 million grant from the National Cancer Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health. The five-year grant renews funding for a partnership started in 2008 between San Diego State University and Moores Cancer Center at UC San Diego Health.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Yadira Galindo
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Finding about how water gets into neurons provides new treatment targets for deadly brain swelling
High-efficiency transporters that work like a shuttle system to constantly move ions into and out of neurons appear to slam into reverse following a stroke or other injury and start delivering instead too much water, scientists have found.
National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association and Thorberg's Foundation

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
Scientists identify promising drug candidate to treat chronic itch & avoid side effects
In a new study, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute describe a class of compounds with the potential to stop chronic itch without the adverse side effects normally associated with medicating the condition.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
Nature Biotechnology
A new single-molecule tool to observe enzymes at work
A team of scientists at the University of Washington and the biotechnology company Illumina have created an innovative tool to directly detect the delicate, single-molecule interactions between DNA and enzymatic proteins. Their approach provides a new platform to view and record these nanoscale interactions in real time.
National Institutes of Health $1,000 Genome Project

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
Two-drug combination helps older adults with hard-to-treat depression
More than half of older adults with clinical depression don't get better when treated with an antidepressant. But results from a multicenter clinical trial, including researchers at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, indicate that adding a second drug -- an antipsychotic medication -- to the treatment regimen helps many of those patients. The findings, from a study of 468 people over age 60 diagnosed with depression, are published in The Lancet.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, and others

Contact: Andrea Haman
416-535-8501 x34072
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
BIDMC receives $11.3M grant renewal for Kidney Cancer SPORE
BIDMC oversees the NCI's only Kidney Cancer SPORE.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
European Cancer Congress (ECC2015)
New England Journal of Medicine
New England Journal of Medicine publishes initial data from TAILORx breast cancer trial
Initial results announced today from the Trial Assigning IndividuaLized Options for Treatment (Rx), or TAILORx, a prospectively conducted global trial in 10,000+ women with early stage breast cancer, found that 1,626 trial participants with low Oncotype DX® Recurrence Score® results (≤ 10) who got hormonal therapy alone without chemotherapy had <1 percent chance of distant recurrence at five years, providing evidence that women in the future may effectively forego chemotherapy if their Recurrence Score is ≤10.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: ECOG-ACRIN Office of Communications
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
New England Journal of Medicine
Multi-gene test enables some breast cancer patients to safely avoid chemotherapy
A major study published in the New England Journal of Medicine is providing the best evidence to date that a 21-gene test done on the tumor can identify breast cancer patients who can safely avoid chemotherapy.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Jim Ritter
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
Early maturing girls at great risk of alcohol abuse without close parental supervision
Inadequate parental supervision during early adolescence forecasts a host of behavior problems, including problem drinking. A study at FAU tests the hypothesis that premature autonomy granting at the beginning of secondary school predicts escalating alcohol abuse across the critical ages of 13 to 16, when youth typically begin to consume alcohol. Early maturing girls given the most parental autonomy had the highest rates of alcohol abuse, with intoxication frequency increasing an average of 234 percent.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gisele Galoustian
Florida Atlantic University

Showing releases 76-100 out of 3717.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 > >>


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