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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 76-100 out of 3573.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 > >>

Public Release: 26-Jan-2015
High cholesterol during young adulthood raises heart disease risk
How long you have elevated cholesterol -- even if only mildly elevated -- affects your risk of heart attack. Every decade you have elevated cholesterol between the ages of 35 and 55 may increase your future risk of heart disease by 39 percent.
Duke Clinical Research Institute, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Carrie Thacker
American Heart Association

Public Release: 26-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Antiangiogenesis drugs could make major improvement in tuberculosis treatment
Use of the same antiangiogenesis drugs that have improved treatment of some cancers could also help surmount persistent difficulties in treating tuberculosis, improving the effectiveness of drug therapy and reducing the emergence of resistant bacterial strains.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Katie Marquedant
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 26-Jan-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Protein-based therapy shows promise against resistant leukemia
Researchers from Children's Hospital Los Angeles demonstrated the efficacy and safety of the new fusion protein in mouse models of aggressive human leukemia using leukemia cells taken directly from patients with ALL.
V-Foundation Translational Research Award, Department of Health and Human Services, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Debra Kain
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 26-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study reveals how a cancer-causing virus blocks human immune response
Scientists have revealed how a type of cancer-causing virus outwits the human body's immune response. The discovery might help explain why some cancer therapies that incorporate interferon fail to treat certain cancers and might lead to more effective treatments.
National Institutes of Health, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas

Contact: Marc Airhart
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 26-Jan-2015
Journal of Cell Biology
Cells take sole responsibility for Merkel cell maintenance
Researchers have identified a population of 'progenitor' cells in the skin that are solely responsible for the generation and maintenance of touch-sensing Merkel cells.
National Institutes of Health, Richard King Mellon Foundation Institute for Pediatric Research

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 26-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
3-D enzyme model provides new tool for anti-inflammatory drug development
To better understand PLA2 enzymes and help drive therapeutic drug development, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine developed 3-D computer models that show exactly how two PLA2 enzymes extract their substrates from cellular membranes. The new tool is described in a paper published online the week of Jan. 26 by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 26-Jan-2015
Pitt effort seeks to combat 'sitting disease,' diabetes with $3 million NIH grant
University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health researchers are flipping conventional thought on its head regarding how to improve the health of sedentary people at risk for diabetes and heart disease in a new study designed to combat a condition popularly called 'sitting disease.'
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 26-Jan-2015
Journal of General Physiology
Learning from scorpions to control impulses
Scorpions can teach us a lot about the benefits of prolonging nerve impulses, and we might now be better students. The results of a new study could pave the way for easier identification of drugs that function similarly to scorpion venom, but with happier results for the recipient.
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 23-Jan-2015
Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
Small study shows beetroot juice improves exercise function of COPD patients
A Wake Forest study to investigate the effects of acute beetroot juice ingestion on the exercise capacity of COPD patients shows some promise, but a larger clinical trial is needed to verify results.
Wake Forest University Translational Science Center, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bonnie Davis
Wake Forest University

Public Release: 23-Jan-2015
$3.9 million project will identify, treat Washington state toddlers at risk for autism
A $3.9 million, five-year project in Washington state will identify and treat toddlers with autism in the critical years before age 3 -- when specialized services can greatly improve their skills and behavior.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Deborah Bach
University of Washington

Public Release: 23-Jan-2015
Researchers discover genetic links to size of brain structures
Five genetic variants that influence the size of structures within the human brain have been discovered by an international team that included a Georgia State University researcher.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 23-Jan-2015
Nature Neuroscience
New brain pathway offers hope for treating hypogylcemia
A novel pathway buried deep within a region of the brain produces a brain hormone that acts as a crucial sensor of blood glucose levels. Learning how the hormone helps orchestrate responses around the body when levels drop too low offers hope for treating hypoglycemia.
National Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Association, The Wellcome Trust, AnimNational Institutes of Health, American Diabetes Assoal Phenotyping Core of the Michigan Diabetes Research Center and the Michigan Nutrition and Obesity Research Center.

Contact: Shantell Kirkendoll
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Developmental Biology
Mammalian heart regenerative capacity depends on severity of injury
Researchers have shown that neonatal mouse hearts have varying regenerative capacities depending upon the severity of injury. Approaches to extend this regenerative capacity in a mammalian model, from the neonatal period to the juvenile or adult period, could help identify new treatment options for humans.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, The Saban Research Institute, California Institute of Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Jennifer Jing
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Genome-wide search reveals new genes involved in long-term memory
Princeton University researchers have identified genes involved in long-term memory in the worm as part of research aimed at finding ways to retain cognitive abilities during aging.
National Institutes of Health, Paul F. Glenn Laboratory for Aging Research at Princeton University

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Journal of Adolescent Health
Pro-marijuana 'tweets' are sky-high on Twitter
Analyzing every marijuana-related Twitter message sent during a one-month period in early 2014, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine have found that the 'Twitterverse' is a pot-friendly place. In that time, more than 7 million tweets referenced marijuana, with 15 times as many pro-pot tweets sent as anti-pot tweets.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Pictured together for the first time: A chemokine and its receptor
Researchers at University of California, San Diego Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences and the Bridge Institute at the University of Southern California report the first crystal structure of the cellular receptor CXCR4 bound to an immune signaling protein called a chemokine. The structure, published Jan. 22 in Science, answers longstanding questions about a molecular interaction that plays an important role in human development, immune responses, cancer metastasis and HIV infections.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America Foundation

Contact: Heather Buschman
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Monell Center awarded grant to evaluate role of nasal airflow obstruction in smell loss
Monell Center scientist Kai Zhao, Ph.D., is principal investigator on a $1.5M NIH grant to further develop clinical methodology that can predict the path of air flow through a person's nasal passages. The methodology may someday help physicians evaluate treatment outcomes for patients undergoing surgery to reverse nasal obstruction and associated loss of smell.
NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Leslie Stein
Monell Chemical Senses Center

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Journal of Chemical Ecology
How malaria-spreading mosquitoes can tell you're home
Females of the malaria-spreading mosquito tend to obtain their blood meals within human dwellings. But is human odor enough as a reliable cue for the mosquitoes in finding humans to bite? Not quite, reports a team of entomologists at the University of California, Riverside. The researchers' experiments with female Anopheles gambiae show that the mosquitoes respond very weakly to human skin odor alone. Minute changes in concentrations of exhaled carbon dioxide are also required.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Research suggests anti-inflammatory protein may trigger plaque in Alzheimer's disease
Inflammation has long been studied in Alzheimer's, but in a counter-intuitive finding reported in a new paper, University of Florida researchers have uncovered the mechanism by which anti-inflammatory processes may trigger the disease.
NIH/Office of the Director, NIH/National Institute on Aging, Ellison Medical Foundation

Contact: Morgan Sherburne
University of Florida

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Low-income boys fare worse in wealth's shadow
Low-income boys fare worse, not better, when they grow up alongside more affluent neighbors, according to new research from Duke University. The greater the economic distance between boys and their neighbors, the worse the effects. In mixed-income neighborhoods, poor boys showed more antisocial behavior, such as lying, cheating, swearing and fighting. The findings reflect a dozen years of research on mixed-income neighborhoods in the UK.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Economic and Social Research Council, National Science Foundation

Contact: Alison Jones
Duke University

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Child Development
Study finds infants can learn to communicate from videos
Children under two years old can learn certain communication skills from a video, such as how to use signs in sign language, and perform similarly in tests when compared to babies taught by their parents, according to a new paper in the journal Child Development. Led by researchers at Emory University, the study is the first to isolate the effects of purportedly educational commercial videos on infant learning.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Megan McRainey
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing 2016
Noisy data facilitates Dartmouth investigation of breast cancer gene expression
Dartmouth researchers reported in Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing on the use of denoising autoencoders to effectively extract key biological principles from gene expression data and summarize them into constructed features with convenient properties.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society

Contact: kirk Cassels
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Contrary to popular belief, dental care for baby teeth is vital
Dental researchers hope to vastly improve oral health in children by countering a common myth that dental care for baby teeth isn't important because they just fall out anyway.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research

Contact: Susan Griffith
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Molecular Cell
Trust your gut: E. coli may hold one of the keys to treating Parkinson's
E. coli usually brings to mind food poisoning and beach closures, but researchers recently discovered a protein in E. coli that inhibits the accumulation of potentially toxic amyloids -- a hallmark of diseases such as Parkinson's.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Laura Bailey
University of Michigan

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Study projects unprecedented loss of corals in Great Barrier Reef due to warming
The coverage of living corals on Australia's Great Barrier Reef could decline to less than 10 percent if ocean warming continues, according to a new study that explores the short- and long-term consequences of environmental changes to the reef.
NIH/National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis

Contact: Catherine Crawley
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS)

Showing releases 76-100 out of 3573.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 > >>


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