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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 76-100 out of 3436.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 > >>

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Transplant patients who receive livers from living donors more likely to survive
The first data-driven study in over a decade disputes the notion that deceased donor liver transplants offer patients better survival rates. Penn Medicine researchers found that living donor transplant outcomes are superior to those found with deceased donors with appropriate donor selection and when surgeries are performed at an experienced center. The research is published this week in the journal Hepatology.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
PLOS Genetics
Scripps Florida scientists identify gene that plays a surprising role in combating aging
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have found in animal models that a single gene plays a surprising role in aging that can be detected early in development, a discovery that could point toward the possibility of one day using therapeutics, even some commonly used ones, to manipulate the aging process itself.
Ellison Medical Foundation, Glenn Foundation for Medical Research, A-T Children's Project, NIH/National Institute of Aging, National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Crohn's disease research
University of Delaware researchers have identified a protein, hiding in plain sight, that acts like a bodyguard to help protect and stabilize another key protein, that when unstable, is involved in Crohn's disease. The fundamental research points to a possible pathway for developing an effective therapy for the inflammatory bowel disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Donna O'Brien
University of Delaware

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
International research team discovers genetic dysfunction connected to hydrocephalus
The mysterious condition once known as 'water on the brain' became less murky, thanks to a global research group led in part by a Case Western Reserve researcher. Anthony Wynshaw-Boris, MD, PhD, is the co-principal investigator on a study that illustrates how the domino effect of one genetic error can contribute to excessive cerebrospinal fluid surrounding the brains of mice -- a disorder known as hydrocephalus. The findings appear online July 17 in the journal Neuron.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Frontiers in Public Health
NYU research on persons w/ HIV/AIDS not taking medication and not engaged in care
The study describes factors believed to contribute to these critical public health issues, with a focus on African American and Latino/Hispanic PLHAs, the racial/ethnic groups most affected by HIV/AIDS.
NIH/National Institutes of Mental Health

Contact: Christopher James
New York University

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Potential new therapy with brain-on-a-chip axonal strain injury model
Researchers from the Biomedical Engineering Department of Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey recently demonstrated the use of their 'Brain-on-a-Chip' microsystem to assess specific effects of traumatic axonal injury.
New Jersey Commission for Brain Injury, Research, NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Philly Lim
World Scientific

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Scientists find protein-building enzymes have metamorphosed & evolved new functions
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute and Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and their collaborators have found that ancient enzymes, known for their fundamental role in translating genetic information into proteins, evolved myriad other functions in humans. The surprising discovery highlights an intriguing oddity of protein evolution as well as a potentially valuable new class of therapeutic proteins and therapeutic targets.
HHong Kong Government's Innovation and Technology Fund, National Foundation for Cancer Research, National Institutes of Health, aTyr Pharma, Pangu Biopharma

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
PLOS Genetics
Pitt-led study suggests cystic fibrosis is 2 diseases, 1 doesn't affect lungs
Cystic fibrosis could be considered two diseases, one that affects multiple organs including the lungs, and one that doesn't affect the lungs at all, according to a multicenter team led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. The research, published online today in PLOS Genetics, showed that nine variants in the gene associated with cystic fibrosis can lead to pancreatitis, sinusitis and male infertility, but leave the lungs unharmed.
National Institutes of Health, Ministry for Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea, Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Sciences, Seoul

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
PLOS Genetics
In development, it's all about the timing
Closely related organisms share most of their genes, but these similarities belie major differences in behavior, intelligence, and physical appearance. Scientists are beginning to appreciate that the timing of the events that happen during development plays a decisive role in defining an organism. Today, a team of scientists at CSHL has identified LIN-42 as a key regulator of developmental timing, governing a broad range of events throughout maturation.
Rita Allen Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Robertson Research Fund of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Faithful cell division requires tightly controlled protein placement at the centromeres
The protein CENP-A, which is integrated into human DNA at the centromere on each chromosome, has a vital role in cell division. Work from Whitehead Institute Member Iain Cheeseman's lab describes how the vital and tightly controlled replenishment of CENP-A progresses.
Leukemia and Lymphoma Society, National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society

Contact: Nicole Giese Rura
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Cell Reports
First comprehensive library of master genetic switches in plants
Researchers have created the first comprehensive library of genetic switches in plants, setting the stage for scientists around the globe to better understand how plants adapt to environmental changes and to design more robust plants for future food security.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Suzanne Wu
University of Southern California

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association
Sexual abuse in childhood linked to signs of atherosclerosis in midlife
Women sexually abused in childhood may show signs of atherosclerosis, an early marker of cardiovascular disease in midlife. Psychosocial factors are important to the development of cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death among women in the United States. Awareness of the long-term mental and physical consequences of sexual abuse in childhood needs to be heightened nationally.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute on Nursing Research, NIH/Office of Research on Women's Health

Contact: Karen Astle
American Heart Association

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
American Journal of Public Health
High rates of violence suffered by unstably housed women in San Francisco
New research from UC San Francisco found that 60 percent of the city's homeless and unstably housed women who are HIV-infected or at high risk to become infected have endured a recent experience of some form of violence.
NIH/National Institute of Drug Abuse

Contact: Jeff Sheehy
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Cell Reports
Study identifies molecular key to healthy pregnancy
Scientists have identified a crucial molecular key to healthy embryo implantation and pregnancy in a study that may offer new clues about the medical challenges of infertility/subfertility, abnormal placentation, and placenta previa.
National Institutes of Health, March of Dimes, Lalor Foundation

Contact: Jim Feuer
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Alcohol-programming outreach is especially important for female Black and Latina drinkers
Ethnic minorities and non-English speakers have more difficulty accessing needed health care services. New findings show that female Black and Latina drinkers in particular are at a disadvantage.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Sarah Zemore, Ph.D.
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Adolescent alcohol abuse disrupts transitions into early adulthood
Adolescent alcohol abuse is known to be associated with adverse outcomes in early adulthood. It is unclear how much of this association is due to the influence of differences in familial background and shared genetics. New findings implicate a significant causal relationship between elevated drinking problems at age 18.5 and more adverse life outcomes at age 25 that cannot be fully explained by shared genetic and environmental liabilities.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Academy of Finland

Contact: Richard J. Rose, Ph.D.
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cell membrane proteins give up their secrets
Rice scientists have succeeded in analyzing transmembrane proteins in the same way they study how globular proteins fold. The results should open up new possibilities for researchers who study proteins for their implications in disease and drug design.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Falk
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
Oregon study details brain pathways linking visual function, running
A new study by researchers at the University of Oregon published today in the journal Neuron describes a brainstem circuit in mice that may help explain how active movement impacts the way the brain processes sensory information.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lewis Taylor
University of Oregon

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
MedDiet has varied effects on cognitive decline among different races -- Ben-Gurion University researcher
'In a population of initially well-functioning older adults, we found a significant correlation between strong adherence to the Mediterranean diet and a slower rate of cognitive decline among African American, but not white, older adults. Our study is the first to show a possible race-specific association between the Mediterranean diet and cognitive decline.'
NIH/National Institute of Aging, Alzheimer's Association

Contact: Andrew Lavin
American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
Poor sleep quality linked to lower physical activity in people with PTSD
A new study shows that worse sleep quality predicts lower physical activity in people with post-traumatic stress disorder.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Irene Perstein Foundation, Mental Illness Research and Education Clinical Center of the US Veterans Health Administration

Contact: Lynn Celmer
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
Diabetes Care
Cholesterol-lowering drugs may reduce cardiovascular death in Type 2 diabetes
Heart disease and stroke are the leading causes of death and disability among people with Type 2 diabetes. In fact, at least 65 percent of people with diabetes die from some form of heart disease or stroke, according to the American Heart Association. However, a new study by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center suggests that the use of cholesterol-lowering statins may help prolong the lives of people with diabetic cardiovascular disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marguerite Beck
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Marijuana dependence alters the brain's response to drug paraphernalia
New research from The University of Texas at Dallas demonstrates that drug paraphernalia triggers the reward areas of the brain differently in dependent and non-dependent marijuana users. By letting users handle a marijuana pipe while in an fMRI, researchers found that areas of brain activation in the dependent users suggests a more emotional connection than in non-dependent users. Non-dependent users had greater activations in areas associated with memory and attention.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Ben Porter
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
American Journal of Transplantation
Live kidney donors face 'pointless' insurance troubles
Healthy living kidney donors often face pointless post-donation hurdles when seeking or changing health or life insurance, according to results of a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Lauren Nelson
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
Nicotine and Tobacco Research
Study: Smoking may contribute to suicide risk
Cigarette smokers are more likely to commit suicide than people who don't smoke, a relationship that has been attributed to the fact that numerous people with psychiatric disorders, who have higher suicide rates, also tend to smoke. But a new study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis finds that smoking itself may increase suicide risk and that policies to limit smoking reduce suicide rates.
American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society.

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
Potassium supplements may increase survival in patients taking diuretics for heart failure
Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania found that patients taking prescription potassium supplements together with loop diuretics for heart failure have better survival rates than patients taking diuretics without the potassium. Moreover, the degree of benefit increases with higher diuretic doses.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Kidney Diseases, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Steve Graff
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Showing releases 76-100 out of 3436.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 > >>


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