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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 76-100 out of 3685.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 > >>

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
Journal of Palliative Medicine
Stanford study reports ethnicity does not predict type of end-of-life care patients want
Ethnicity does not predict the type of end-of-life care people want, according to a study by researchers at Stanford University School of Medicine.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Tracie White
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
Science Translational Medicine
New method developed to predict response to nanotherapeutics
A collaboration between investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital has led to a new approach that uses an FDA-approved, magnetic nanoparticle and magnetic resonance imaging to identify tumors most likely to respond to drugs delivered via nanoparticles. The team's preclinical results are published in Science Translational Medicine Nov. 18.
National Institutes of Health, David H. Koch-Prostate Cancer Foundation Award in Nanotherapeutics

Contact: Haley Bridger
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Study finds high prevalence of incapacitated rape among college women
Some 15 percent of women are raped while incapacitated from alcohol or other drug use during their freshman year at college, according to new research.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: David Orenstein
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
New strategy reduces side effects in Parkinson's treatment
Scientists have identified a novel strategy and a drug lead for reducing the side effects of uncontrolled movement caused by the drug levodopa, commonly used to treat the stiffness, tremors and poor muscle control of Parkinson's disease. These unwanted movements caused by levodopa significantly diminish the quality of life for Parkinson's disease patients.
National Institutes of Health, JPB Foundation, Michael J. Fox Foundation

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
Psychiatry Research
Insulin-sensitizing drug relieves symptoms of chronic depression in some people
A drug that makes the body more sensitive to insulin helped to relieve symptoms of chronic depression in people resistant to the hormone, according to a study by researchers at the at the Stanford University School of Medicine.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bruce Goldman
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Nov-2015
Common pigeon: Not just a bird brain, but a brainy bird
A new study has found that pigeons are very good at distinguishing digitized microscope slides and mammograms of normal vs. cancerous breast tissue. With training and selective food reinforcement, pigeons were remarkably adept at identifying benign and malignant breast cancer slides at all magnification levels, a task that typically requires considerable training for humans to master. They also successfully identified microcalcifications on mammograms but had difficulty with classifying breast masses, a very challenging task even for humans.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Carole Gan
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 17-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists take aim at disease-carrying 'kissing bug'
An international research team, including scientists from Simon Fraser University, hopes its study of the vector Rhodnius prolixus -- also known as the 'kissing bug' and a major contributor to Chagas disease -- will further the development of innovative insect control methods to curb its impact on humans.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Carl Lowenberger
Simon Fraser University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2015
Ranibizumab found effective against diabetic retinopathy
In a randomized clinical trial of more than 300 participants, researchers from Johns Hopkins and elsewhere have found that ranibizumab -- a drug most commonly used to treat retinal swelling in people with diabetes -- is an effective alternative to laser therapy for treating the most severe, potentially blinding form of diabetic retinal disease.
NIH/National Eye Institute, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Marin Hedin
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 17-Nov-2015
To reduce risk of infant death, shed excess pounds before becoming pregnant
Achieving a healthy weight before becoming pregnant and gaining an appropriate amount of weight during pregnancy significantly reduce the risk of the baby dying in his or her first year of life, according to new research from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. The findings highlight the need for a comprehensive approach to obesity reduction among women of reproductive age that includes weight counseling before conception and during pregnancy.
National Institutes of Health, Thrasher Research Fund

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 17-Nov-2015
Clinical Nutrition
Vitamin D deficiency may limit immune recovery in HIV-positive adults
A University of Georgia researcher has found that low levels of vitamin D may limit the effectiveness of HIV treatment in adults. 'With antiretroviral drugs, people with HIV are beginning to live longer lives. Our goal was to understand whether vitamin D deficiency limits the amount of immune recovery benefit for persons on HIV treatment,' said study co-author Amara Ezeamama, an assistant professor of epidemiology and biostatistics.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Stephanie Schupska
University of Georgia

Public Release: 17-Nov-2015
ACS Chemical Biology
Scripps Florida team discovers compounds with potential to treat persistent tuberculosis
In a substantial number of cases -- some two billion, in fact -- the tuberculosis bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) isn't active at all. Instead, it hides inside cell aggregates, latent and persistent, waiting to break out.
National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Science and Technology of India, Wellcome-DBT India Alliance

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Nov-2015
Nondrug interventions improve quality of life for Chinese cancer patients
A meta-analysis of dozens of studies of traditional Chinese medicine and other nonpharmacological interventions meant to improve patients' quality of life affirms that these approaches, on the whole, help alleviate depression, fatigue, pain, anxiety, insomnia and gastrointestinal problems in Chinese cancer patients.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation of China, National Basic Research Program of China

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 17-Nov-2015
ACS Nano
Nanotech-based sensor developed to measure microRNAs in blood, speed cancer detection
A simple, ultrasensitive microRNA sensor developed and tested by researchers from the schools of science and medicine at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis and the Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center holds promise for the design of new diagnostic strategies and, potentially, for the prognosis and treatment of pancreatic and other cancers.
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indiana University, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 17-Nov-2015
TSRI scientists find surprising trait in anti-HIV antibodies
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have new weapons in the fight against HIV. Their new study, published Nov. 17, 2015, as the cover article of the journal Immunity, describes four prototype antibodies that target a specific weak spot on the virus.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Collaboration for AIDS Vaccine Discovery, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, US Agency for International Development

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Nov-2015
Science Signaling
Researchers identify a new mode of drug resistance to emerging therapies in prostate cancer
Advanced prostate cancer is a disease notoriously resistant to treatment. New research by scientists at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center and the University of California, San Francisco sheds light on a new mode of drug resistance to emerging therapies in metastatic prostate cancer. This discovery ultimately may help predict which patients may benefit most from treatment.
Burroughs Wellcome Fund Career Award for Medical Scientists, Prostate Cancer Foundation, National Institutes of Health, V Foundation, Stand Up to Cancer, Movember Foundation

Contact: Kristen Woodward
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Public Release: 17-Nov-2015
For kids prone to wheezing with respiratory infections, early antibiotics help
In children whose colds tend to progress and lead to severe wheezing and difficulty breathing -- such that they are given oral corticosteroids as rescue therapy -- research led by Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has shown that giving a common antibiotic at the first sign of cold symptoms can reduce the risk of the episode developing into a severe lower respiratory tract illness.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Judy Martin Finch
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 17-Nov-2015
Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
African-Americans with depression more likely to have strokes, heart attack
Major depressive symptoms -- perceived stress, neuroticism, life dissatisfaction -- are associated with nearly twice the increased risk of stroke and coronary heart disease among African-Americans. African-Americans with depressive symptoms suffered more chronic conditions, exercised less, and had lower levels of education and income.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Carrie Thacker
American Heart Association

Public Release: 17-Nov-2015
Circulation: Heart Failure
Social and practical barriers keep HF patients from benefits of exercise therapy
Lack of social support and barriers to exercise (such as lack of transportation) reduce the amount of time heart-failure patients exercise. Assessing and eliminating barriers to exercise may reduce hospitalizations and heart disease deaths in people with heart failure.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Darcy Spitz
American Heart Association

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
How to eliminate pain tied to tooth decay
An abundance of sweets during the holidays increases the threat of cavities and tooth sensitivity. USC researchers have found a way to regrow enamel to protect teeth. Perhaps one day their gel could be used as teeth strips or in a mouth guard.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, USC Coulter Translational Research Partnership Program via the Wallace Coulter Foundation

Contact: Zen Vuong
University of Southern California

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Alzheimer's & Dementia
Modulating brain's stress circuitry might prevent Alzheimer's disease
In a novel animal study design that mimicked human clinical trials, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that long-term treatment using a small molecule drug that reduces activity of the brain's stress circuitry significantly reduces Alzheimer's disease neuropathology and prevents onset of cognitive impairment in a mouse model of the neurodegenerative condition. The findings are described in Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association.
National Institutes of Health, Alzheimer's Association, Leona M. and Harry B. Helmsley Charitable Trust, Clayton Medical Research Foundation

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Human brains evolved to be more responsive to environmental influences, study finds
Human brains exhibit more plasticity, the tendency to be modeled by the environment, than chimpanzee brains, which may account for part of human evolution, according to researchers at Georgia State University, the George Washington University and the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
National Institutes of Health, James S. McDonnell Foundation

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Nicotine & Tobacco Research
New study on patterns of electronic cigarette use among adults in the US
Adding to a growing body of research on patterns of e-cigarette use, researchers from Rutgers School of Public Health and the Steven A. Schroeder Institute for Tobacco Research and Policy Studies at Truth Initiative have found evidence that among US adults, some recent cigarette quitters may have done so with the assistance of electronic cigarettes.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Molly Grote
Oxford University Press USA

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Children's Research Institute identifies emergency response system for blood formation
Scientists at the Children's Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern have determined how the body responds during times of emergency when it needs more blood cells. In a study published in Nature, researchers report that when tissue damage occurs, in times of excessive bleeding, or during pregnancy, a secondary, emergency blood-formation system is activated in the spleen.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Children's Medical Center Foundation

Contact: Mark Lane
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Nature Chemical Biology
New fat cell metabolism research could lead to new ways to treat diabetes and obesity
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego report new insights into what nutrients fat cells metabolize to make fatty acids. The findings pave the way for understanding potential irregularities in fat cell metabolism that occur in patients with diabetes and obesity and could lead to new treatments for these conditions.
National Institutes of Health, California Institute of Regenerative Medicine, US Department of Defense, American Diabetes Association, Medical Research Service, US Department of Veterans Affairs, VA San Diego Healthcare System, Seahorse Bioscience

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Stem Cells
UNC researchers find new way to force stem cells to become bone cells
Imagine you have a bone injury but you heal slowly. Instead of forming bone, you could form fat. University of North Carolina School of Medicine researchers may have found a way to tip the scale in favor of bone. They used cytochalasin D, a naturally occurring substance, to alter gene expression in stem cells to force them to become bone.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mark Derewicz
University of North Carolina Health Care

Showing releases 76-100 out of 3685.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 > >>


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