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Department of Health and Human Services

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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 99.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 > >>

Public Release: 26-Mar-2015
Science
Intergenerational transmission of abuse and neglect more complicated than previously believed
A study led by Cathy Spatz Widom, Distinguished Professor of Psychology at John Jay College, found that offspring of parents with histories of child abuse and neglect are themselves at risk for childhood neglect and sexual abuse but not physical abuse. Titled 'Intergenerational Transmission of Child Abuse and Neglect: Real or Detection Bias?' the study's findings were reported in the March 27 issue of the journal Science.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institute of Justice, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Doreen Vinas-Pineda
dvinas@jjay.cuny.edu
212-237-8645
John Jay College of Criminal Justice

Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
AIDS
For most children with HIV and low immune cell count, cells rebound after treatment
Most children with HIV who have low levels of a key immune cell eventually recover levels of this cell after they begin treatment.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/Office of AIDS Research, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Enrique Rivero
erivero@mednet.ucla.edu
310-794-2273
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
American Journal of Public Health
Suspension leads to more pot use among teens, study finds
The study found that students attending schools with suspension policies for illicit drug use were 1.6 times more likely than their peers at schools without such policies to use marijuana in the next year -- and that was the case with the student body as a whole, not just those who were suspended. By contrast, those attending schools with policies of sending marijuana users to a school counselor were 50 percent less likely to use the drug.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program

Contact: Deborah Bach
bach2@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 11-Mar-2015
Addictive Behaviors
Gender and race influences when teens start drinking, smoking and doing drugs
Cigarette use among white teenagers is substantially higher than among black and Hispanic teenagers, especially at 18 years old, according to Penn State researchers.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Victoria M. Indivero
vmi1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 9-Mar-2015
Substance Use and Misuse
Study shows teens and adults hazy on Washington marijuana law
Research by the University of Washington and Boys Town Research Institute found that only 57 percent of Washington parents surveyed knew the legal age for recreational marijuana use and just 63 percent knew that homegrown marijuana is illegal under the law.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Deborah Bach
bach2@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Journal of Medical Internet Research
Twitter helps smokers kick the habit, UCI-Stanford study finds
When subjects in a smoking cessation program tweet each other regularly, they're more successful at kicking the habit, according to a study by UC Irvine and Stanford University researchers. Specifically, daily 'automessages' that encourage and direct the social media exchanges may be more effective than traditional social media interventions for quitting smoking.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Anne Warde
awarde@uci.edu
949-824-7922
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
NYU study identifies teens at-risk for synthetic marijuana use
A new NYU study is one of the first national studies to examine risk factors for use of synthetic marijuana among a large, nationally representative sample of teens.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Christopher James
christopher.james@nyu.edu
212-998-6876
New York University

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Nature Communications
Epigenome orchestrates embryonic development
Studying zebrafish embryos, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that the epigenome plays a significant part in guiding development in the first 24 hours after fertilization. The research, which appears in the journal Nature Communications, may deepen understanding of congenital defects and miscarriage.
Washington University McDonnell International Scholars Program, Kwanjeong Educational Foundation, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, March of Dimes Foundation, American Cancer Society, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
straitj@wustl.edu
314-286-0141
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
High-powered X-ray laser unlocks mechanics of pain relief without addiction
Scientists have solved the structure of a bifunctional peptide bound to a neuroreceptor that offers pain relief without addiction.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Science Foundation, and others

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 16-Feb-2015
CWRU receives $2.5 million NIDA grant to study prenatal cocaine exposure on young adults
Since 1994, researchers at Case Western Reserve University's Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences have studied children prenatally exposed to cocaine and their mothers to track their development from birth through adolescence. With a four-year, $2.5 million grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health, those children -- now young adults -- enter the next phase of the long-term study, called Project Newborn.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Susan Griffith
susan.griffith@case.edu
216-368-1004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 16-Feb-2015
Pediatrics
Teens increasingly sleep deprived
A latest study found that female students, racial/ethnic minorities, and students of lower socioeconomic status are less likely to report regularly getting seven or more hours of sleep each night compared with their male counterparts, non-Hispanic white teenagers, and students of higher socioeconomic status, respectively. The largest decrease in the percentage getting seven hours of sleep per night was 15-year-olds, a particularly concerning trend for students at this important juncture in development.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 11-Feb-2015
PLOS ONE
UCI, Italian scientists limit accelerated cellular aging caused by methamphetamine use
The ravaged faces of methamphetamine addicts tell a terrible tale -- abusing the drug dramatically accelerates aging. Now scientists from UC Irvine and the Italian Institute of Technology have discovered how this occurs at the cellular level and identified methods to limit the process.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Tom Vasich
tmvasich@uci.edu
949-285-6455
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 10-Feb-2015
Temple researchers receive $7.4 million grant to explore brain impairment in HIV patients
Researchers at Temple University School of Medicine have been awarded a $7.4 million, five-year grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse to determine how cocaine and HIV-1 interact to cause brain impairment in patients infected with HIV. Kamel Khalili, Ph.D., Chair of the Department of Neuroscience and Director of Temple's Comprehensive NeuroAIDS Center, will lead a team examining how cocaine worsens the neurological deficits that can plague HIV patients as they age.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Jeremy Walter
Jeremy.Walter@tuhs.temple.edu
215-707-7882
Temple University Health System

Public Release: 9-Feb-2015
CWRU awarded $3.9 million for innovative HIV research
A researcher at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine has been awarded $3.9 million to determine if gut leakage caused by human immunodeficiency virus leads to disease and malfunction of vital organs commonly found in HIV patients, whether drug abuse exacerbates the problem, how to fix the leaks and whether gut repair improves overall health.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-534-7183
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 4-Feb-2015
Neuropsychopharmacology
Researchers identify peptide that reduces urge to eat
Researchers have identified a peptide and hormone that when administered to a specific area of the brain may reduce the desire for food. The study, which appears in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology, may one day lead to medications that treat obesity and binge eating disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Peter Paul Career Development Professorship, Peter McManus Charitable Trust, Boston University

Contact: Gina DiGravio
ginad@bu.edu
617-638-8480
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 3-Feb-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Cocaine users have impaired ability to predict loss
Cocaine addicted individuals may continue their habit despite unfavorable consequences like imprisonment or loss of relationships because their brain circuits responsible for predicting emotional loss are impaired, according to a study conducted at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and published today in The Journal of Neuroscience.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Mental Health

Contact: Sasha Walek
newsmedia@mssm.edu
212-241-9200
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 29-Jan-2015
Studies in Mycology
Researchers provide insights for reducing drug overdoses through community education
Results from a new study show that participants in drug overdose education programs tend to be parents (mostly mothers) who provide financial support for their son/daughter, have daily contact with their loved one, have applied for court-mandated treatment and have witnessed an overdose.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Gina DiGravio
ginad@bu.edu
617-638-8480
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 22-Jan-2015
Journal of Adolescent Health
Pro-marijuana 'tweets' are sky-high on Twitter
Analyzing every marijuana-related Twitter message sent during a one-month period in early 2014, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine have found that the 'Twitterverse' is a pot-friendly place. In that time, more than 7 million tweets referenced marijuana, with 15 times as many pro-pot tweets sent as anti-pot tweets.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Jim Dryden
jdryden@wustl.edu
314-286-0110
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 13-Jan-2015
Injury Epidemiology
Half of young victims of fatal crashes in 9 US states used alcohol or marijuana
Half of young drivers who died in car crashes in US states such as California, Hawaii and West Virginia were under the influence of either alcohol or marijuana, or both. This is according to the statistics for fatal road accidents involving 16- to 25-year-olds in nine US states. Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health analyzed the data to gauge how possible policy changes could influence substance use among adolescents and young adults.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Center for Disease Control

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Lancet Respiratory Medicine
How quickly smokers metabolize nicotine may point to most effective way to quit
In a first-of-its-kind randomized clinical trial, researchers from Penn Medicine and collaborators have shown that the most-suited treatment for each smoker may depend on how quickly they metabolize the nicotine in their body after quitting.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Steve Graff
stephen.graff@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5653
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 8-Jan-2015
Addictive Behaviors
Alcohol warnings from parents matter
Parenting practices and restrictions when it comes to alcohol use can make a difference with adolescent drinking, and there is considerable value to consistent and sustained parental attitudes about drinking, according to new research by a University at Buffalo psychologist.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Bert Gambini
gambini@buffalo.edu
716-645-5334
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 6-Jan-2015
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management
Children's vulnerability reflected in genes
Some children are more sensitive to their environments, for better and for worse. Now Duke University researchers have identified a gene variant that may serve as a marker for these children, who are among society's most vulnerable. The study found that children from high-risk backgrounds who carried a common gene variant were very likely to develop serious problems as adults, but were also more responsive to treatment.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Insitute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, Department of Educat

Contact: Alison Jones
Alison.jones@duke.edu
919-681-8052
Duke University

Public Release: 6-Jan-2015
Injury Epidemiology
Drug overdose epidemic to recede soon
Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health project that the drug overdose epidemic will peak at about 50,000 annual deaths in 2017 before declining to a non-epidemic state of approximately 6,000 deaths in the year 2035 -- at roughly the same rate seen before the start of the epidemic. Results appear online in the journal Injury Epidemiology.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control

Contact: Timothy Paul
tp2111@columbia.edu
212-305-2676
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 23-Dec-2014
Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Could playing Tchaikovsky's 'Nutcracker' and other music improve kids' brains?
In a study called 'the largest investigation of the association between playing a musical instrument and brain development,' Medicine Vermont child psychiatry team has found that musical training might also help kids focus their attention, control their emotions and diminish their anxiety.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

Contact: Jennifer Nachbur
jennifer.nachbur@uvm.edu
802-338-8316
University of Vermont

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Meth users face substantially higher risk for getting Parkinson's disease
In addition to incurring serious dental problems, memory loss and other physical and mental issues, methamphetamine users are three times more at risk for getting Parkinson's disease than non-illicit drug users, new research from the University of Utah and Intermountain Healthcare shows.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Phil Sahm
phil.sahm@hsc.utah.edu
801-581-2517
University of Utah Health Sciences

Showing releases 1-25 out of 99.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 > >>

     
   

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