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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 157.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Controlling brain waves to improve vision
Researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois are using a novel technique to test brain waves to see how the brain processes external stimuli that do and don't reach our awareness.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Beckman Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Maeve Reilly
mjreilly@illinois.edu
217-244-7316
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Cell Reports
Researchers pinpoint protein crucial for development of biological rhythms in mice
Johns Hopkins researchers report that they have identified a protein essential to the formation of the tiny brain region in mice that coordinates sleep-wake cycles and other so-called circadian rhythms. By disabling the gene for that key protein in test animals, the scientists were able to home in on the mechanism by which that brain region, known as the suprachiasmatic nucleus or SCN, becomes the body's master clock while the embryo is developing.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Brain Science Institute

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 17-Apr-2014
Neuron
Neurons in the brain tune into different frequencies for different spatial memory tasks
Your brain transmits information about your current location and memories of past locations over the same neural pathways using different frequencies of a rhythmic electrical activity called gamma waves, report neuroscientists at The University of Texas at Austin. The research, published in the journal Neuron on April 17, may provide insight into the cognitive and memory disruptions seen in diseases such as schizophrenia and Alzheimer's, in which gamma waves are disturbed.
Klingenstein Fund, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Marc Airhart
mairhart@austin.utexas.edu
512-232-1066
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Computerized counseling reduces HIV-1 viral load, sexual transmission risk
New research shows that computerized counseling is a promising intervention for increased ART adherence and safer sex, especially for individuals with problems in these areas. This is the first intervention to report improved ART adherence, viral suppression, and reduced secondary sexual transmission risk behavior.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/ Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Christopher James
christopher.james@nyu.edu
212-998-6876
New York University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2014
Lancet Global Health
Community-based HIV prevention can boost testing, help reduce new infections
Study finds that communities in Africa and Thailand that worked together on HIV-prevention efforts saw not only a rise in HIV screening but a drop in new infections, demonstrating that programs such as this can encourage community-wide testing and help reduce HIV transmission.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, and others

Contact: Enrique Rivero
erivero@mednet.ucla.edu
310-794-2273
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 13-Apr-2014
Nature Genetics
Finding the switch: Researchers create roadmap for gene expression
In a new study, researchers from North Carolina State University, UNC-Chapel Hill and other institutions have taken the first steps toward creating a roadmap that may help scientists narrow down the genetic cause of numerous diseases. Their work also sheds new light on how heredity and environment can affect gene expression.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tracey Peake
tracey_peake@ncsu.edu
919-515-6142
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 9-Apr-2014
UCLA/RAND community research team win prestigious translational science award
A team of community leaders and researchers from UCLA and RAND has been awarded the 2014 Joint Team Science Award in recognition of a 10-year effort to conduct community engaged, population-based translational science to improve care for depression in low-income areas.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, UCLA Clinical and Translational Science Institute

Contact: Kim Irwin
kirwin@mednet.ucla.edu
310-794-2262
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Experimental cancer drug reverses schizophrenia in adolescent mice
Johns Hopkins researchers say that an experimental anticancer compound appears to have reversed behaviors associated with schizophrenia and restored some lost brain cell function in adolescent mice with a rodent version of the devastating mental illness.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Maryland Stem Cell Research Fund, and others

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 30-Mar-2014
Nature Neuroscience
A new approach to Huntington's disease?
Tweaking a specific cell type's ability to absorb potassium in the brain improved walking and prolonged survival in a mouse model of Huntington's disease, reports a University of California Los Angeles study published March 30 in the online edition of Nature Neuroscience. The discovery could point to new drug targets for treating the devastating disease, which strikes one in every 20,000 Americans.
CHDI Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Elaine Schmidt
eschmidt@mednet.ucla.edu
310-794-2272
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
The Journal of Neuroscience
Brain scans link concern for justice with reason, not emotion
People who care about justice are swayed more by reason than emotion, according to new brain scan research from the University of Chicago Department of Psychology and Center for Cognitive and Social Neuroscience.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, John Templeton Foundation

Contact: Jann Ingmire
jingmire@uchicago.edu
773-702-2772
University of Chicago

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
PLOS ONE
Neurobiologists find chronic stress in early life causes anxiety, aggression in adulthood
In experiments to assess the impacts of social stress upon adolescent mice, both at the time they are experienced and during adulthood, a Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory team conducted many different kinds of stress tests and means of measuring their impacts. The research indicates that a 'hostile environment in adolescence disturbs psychoemotional state and social behaviors of animals in adult life,' the team says.
Russian Foundation for Basic Research, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Peter Tarr
tarr@cshl.edu
516-367-5055
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 24-Mar-2014
Pediatrics
Integrating mental health services in pediatric practices feasible, effective, Pitt finds
Brief behavioral and mental health programs for children can be effectively provided within pediatric practices as an alternative to being referred to a community specialist, University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences researchers found in a National Institutes of Health-funded randomized trial.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
hydzikam@upmc.edu
412-647-9975
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 20-Mar-2014
Psychiatric Services
Lifestyle interventions can prevent major depression in adults with mild symptoms
Discussions with a dietary coach to learn about healthy eating were as effective as meeting with a counselor for problem-solving or 'talk' therapy in preventing major depression among older black and white adults with mild symptoms of the mood disorder, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh and the University of Maryland. Their findings were published online recently in Psychiatric Services.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Endowment in Geriatric Psychiatry, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
SrikamAV@upmc.edu
412-578-9193
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 14-Mar-2014
PLOS ONE
Contagious yawning may not be linked to empathy; still largely unexplained
While previous studies have suggested a connection between contagious yawning and empathy, new research from the Duke Center for Human Genome Variation finds that contagious yawning may decrease with age and is not strongly related to variables like empathy, tiredness and energy levels.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Ellison Medical Foundation

Contact: Rachel Harrison
rachel.harrison@duke.edu
919-419-5069
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 6-Mar-2014
Child Development
Iron deficiency important to assess in children adopted from institutional settings
A new longitudinal study finds that children who spent more time in institutional settings (like orphanages) prior to adoption, and had more severe iron deficiency at the time of adoption, were more likely to have lower IQs and poorer higher-order thinking skills a year later. The study -- which followed children adopted into US families from Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Asia -- suggests that iron supplements and cognitive interventions could be helpful in counteracting these effects.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Hannah Klein
hklein@srcd.org
202-289-0320
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Atypical development in the siblings of children with autism is detectable at 12 months
Atypical development can be detected as early as 12 months of age among the siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder, a study published by researchers with the University of California Davis MIND Institute and University of California Los Angeles has found.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Phyllis Brown
phyllis.brown@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu
916-734-9023
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 5-Mar-2014
Neuron
Similarity breeds proximity in memory, NYU researchers find
Researchers at New York University have identified the nature of brain activity that allows us to bridge time in our memories. Their findings offer new insights into the temporal nature of how we store our recollections and may offer a pathway for addressing memory-related afflictions.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 4-Mar-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Suicidal ideation among US soldiers begins before enlistment
A major new study found that a majority (58.2 percent) of soldiers who had ever thought of suicide had these thoughts before enlistment, 76.6 percent of US Army soldiers with current mental disorders had onsets of the disorders before enlistment, and nearly half (47 percent) of soldiers who had ever made a suicide attempt did so for the first time before enlistment.
Army STARRS, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 4-Mar-2014
British Medical Journal
Does palliative chemotherapy palliate?
Terminal cancer patients who receive chemotherapy in the last months of their lives are less likely to die where they want and are more likely to undergo invasive medical procedures than those who do not receive chemotherapy, according to research in this week's BMJ.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jennifer Gundersen
jeg2034@med.cornell.edu
646-317-7402
Weill Cornell Medical College

Public Release: 27-Feb-2014
Cell
Internal logic: 8 distinct subnetworks in mouse cerebral cortex
The mammalian cerebral cortex, long thought to be a dense single interrelated tangle of neural networks, actually has a 'logical' underlying organizational principle. Researchers have identified eight distinct neural subnetworks that together form the connectivity infrastructure of the mammalian cortex, the part of the brain involved in higher-order functions such as cognition, emotion and consciousness.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Suzanne Wu
suzanne.wu@usc.edu
213-740-0252
University of Southern California

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Mental health conditions in most suicide victims left undiagnosed at doctor visits
The mental health conditions of most people who commit suicide remain undiagnosed, even though many visit a primary care provider or medical specialist in the year before they die, according to a national study. Among those in the study, 83 percent received health care treatment in the year prior to dying, and they used medical and primary care services more frequently than any other health service. However, a mental health diagnosis was made in less than half (45 percent) of these cases.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Dwight Angell
dwight.angell@hfhs.org
313-850-3471
Henry Ford Health System

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Preventing suicide should start in a general medical setting
The mental health conditions of most people who commit suicide remain undiagnosed, even though most visit a primary care provider or medical specialist in the year before they die. To help prevent suicides, health care providers should therefore become more attuned to their patients' mental health states and possible suicide ideations. These are the findings of Brian Ahmedani from the Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Alexander Brown
alexander.brown@springer.com
917-710-8274
Springer Science+Business Media

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Journal of Affective Disorders
Higher risks among perinatal women with bipolar disorder
Women with bipolar disorder often struggle with the illness during and after pregnancy. A new study finds that they were significantly more likely to face important psychiatric and childrearing challenges compared to women who were seeking treatment for other psychiatric disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2014
Diabetes Care
Specialized cognitive therapy improves blood sugar control in depressed diabetes patients
A program of cognitive behavioral therapy that addresses both mood and diabetes self-care led to improved blood sugar control and produced faster relief of depression in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Kristen Chadwick
kschadwick@partners.org
617-643-3907
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 23-Feb-2014
Nature
Researchers pinpoint brain region essential for social memory
Researchers have determined that a small region of the hippocampus known as CA2 is essential for social memory, the ability of an animal to recognize another of the same species. A better grasp of the function of CA2 could prove useful in understanding and treating disorders characterized by altered social behaviors, such as autism, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. The findings, made in mice, were published today in the online edition of Nature.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Joannie Danielides
jcd2185@columbia.edu
917-539-4924
Columbia University Medical Center

Showing releases 1-25 out of 157.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

     
   

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