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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 158.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Schizophrenia Bulletin
Heavy marijuana users have abnormal brain structure and poor memory
Teens who were heavy marijuana users had abnormal changes in their brains related to memory and performed poorly on memory tasks, reports a new study. The brain abnormalities and memory problems were observed in the subjects' early twenties, two years after they stopped smoking marijuana, possibly indicating long-term effects. Memory-related structures in their brains appeared to shrink. The younger drug abuse starts, the more abnormal the brain appeared. The marijuana-related brain abnormalities look similar to schizophrenia-related brain abnormalities.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 12-Dec-2013
Sniffing out danger: Rutgers scientists say fearful memories can trigger heightened sense of smell
Neuroscientists at Rutgers University studying the olfactory -- sense of smell -- system in mice have discovered that fear reaction can occur at the sensory level, even before the brain has the opportunity to interpret that the odor could mean trouble.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Robin Lally
732-932-7084 x652
Rutgers University

Public Release: 8-Dec-2013
52nd Annual Meeting of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Aging and gene expression -- possible links to autism and schizophrenia in offspring
Advanced paternal age has been associated with greater risk for psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia and autism. With an increase in paternal age, there is a greater frequency of certain types of mutations that contribute to these disorders in offspring. Recent research, however, looks beyond the genetic code to "epigenetic effects," which do not involve changes in the genes themselves, but rather in how they are expressed to determine one's characteristics.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Simon Foundation, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation/NARSAD Young Investigator Award

Contact: Laura Hill
American College of Neuropsychopharmacology

Public Release: 6-Dec-2013
Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
To improve foster care, add a psychiatric nurse to treatment team
Mental health nurses are a valuable addition to the team that treats teens who have psychiatric problems and are in the foster care system.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Nancy Solomon
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Cell Reports
Gene found to be crucial for formation of certain brain circuitry
Using a powerful gene-hunting technique for the first time in mammalian brain cells, researchers at Johns Hopkins report they have identified a gene involved in building the circuitry that relays signals through the brain. The gene is a likely player in the aging process in the brain, the researchers say.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 5-Dec-2013
Probiotic therapy alleviates autism-like behaviors in mice
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is diagnosed when individuals exhibit characteristic behaviors, decreased social interactions, and impaired communication. Curiously, many with ASD also suffer from gastrointestinal issues, like abdominal cramps and constipation. Guided by this co-occurrence of brain and gut problems, researchers at the California Institute Technology are investigating a bacterium that alleviates GI and behavioral symptoms in autistic-like mice, introducing a potentially transformative probiotic therapy for autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Brain connectivity study reveals striking differences between men and women
A new brain connectivity study from Penn Medicine published today in the Proceedings of National Academies of Sciences found striking differences in the neural wiring of men and women that's lending credence to some commonly-held beliefs about their behavior.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Steve Graff
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 25-Nov-2013
JAMA Neurology
Brain imaging differences in infants at genetic risk for Alzheimer's
Researchers at Brown University and Banner Alzheimer's Institute have found that infants who carry a gene associated with an increased risk for Alzheimer's disease tend to have differences in brain development compared to infants who do not carry the gene. The findings do not mean that these infants will get Alzheimer's, but they may be a step toward understanding how this gene confers risk much later in life.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 21-Nov-2013
AIDS Patient Care and STDs
High HIV knowledge and risky sexual behavior not associated with HIV testing in young adolescents
New research from Montefiore Medical Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine has found that teens most likely to be tested for HIV had strong partner communication about HIV and were in committed relationships. Having high knowledge about HIV and engaging in risky sexual activity did not increase testing. The study of nearly 1,000 Bronx, NY teens was published in the November issue of AIDS Patient Care and STDs.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Deirdre Branley
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 21-Nov-2013
UCLA first to map autism-risk genes by function
UCLA neuroscientists are the first to map groups of autism-risk genes by function, and uncover how mutations disrupt fetal brain development. Their findings prioritize genetic targets for future research and shed light on autism's molecular origins.
Simons Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Elaine Schmidt
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 20-Nov-2013
Focusing on faces
Difficulties in social interaction are considered to be one of the behavioral hallmarks of autism spectrum disorders. Previous studies have shown differences in how the brains of autistic individuals process sensory information about faces. Now, a team led Caltech neuroscientist Ralph Adolphs has made the first recordings of the firings of single neurons in the brains of autistic individuals, and has found specific neurons that show reduced processing of the eye region of faces.
Simons Foundation, Moore Foundation, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Autism Speaks, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 20-Nov-2013
JAMA Psychiatry
PTSD raises risk for obesity in women
Women with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) gain weight more rapidly and are more likely to be overweight or obese than women without the disorder, find researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and Harvard School of Public Health. It is the first study to look at the relationship between PTSD and obesity over time. Results appear online in JAMA Psychiatry.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 20-Nov-2013
2013 American Heart Association Scientific Session
Mental stress + heart disease: Stronger presence in women under 50
Researchers have found that women younger than 50 with a recent heart attack are more likely to experience restricted blood flow to the heart (myocardial ischemia) in response to psychological stress.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jennifer Johnson
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 20-Nov-2013
Neurons in brain's 'face recognition center' respond differently in patients with autism
In what are believed to be the first studies of their kind, Cedars-Sinai researchers recording the real-time firing of individual nerve cells in the brain found that a specific type of neuron in a structure called the amygdala performed differently in people who suffer from autism spectrum disorder than in those who do not.
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, and others

Contact: Sandy Van
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 19-Nov-2013
Animal Cognition
Monkeys can point to objects they do not report seeing
Are monkeys, like humans, able to ascertain where objects are located without much more than a sideways glance? Quite likely, says Lau Andersen of the Aarhus University in Denmark, lead author of a study conducted at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center of Emory University, published in Springer's journal Animal Cognition. The study finds that monkeys are able to localize stimuli they do not perceive.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Alexander Brown
Springer Science+Business Media

Public Release: 18-Nov-2013
Psychiatric Services
Most teen mental health problems go untreated
More than half of adolescents with psychiatric disorders receive no treatment of any sort, says a new study by E. Jane Costello, a Duke University professor of psychology and epidemiology and associate director of the Duke Center for Child and Family Policy. When treatment does occur, the providers are rarely mental health specialists.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Alison Jones
Duke University

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Regenstrief and IU study: Older adults with severe mental illness challenge healthcare system
Although older adults with serious mental illness didn't have more recorded physical illness and had fewer outpatient visits to primary care physicians, they made more medical emergency department visits and had considerably longer medical hospitalizations than older adults without mental illness according to a study conducted by researchers from the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University Center for Aging Research.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Indiana University

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Journal of Sleep Research
Bradley Hospital researchers link lack of sleep in teens to higher risk of illness
Newly released findings from Bradley Hospital published in the Journal of Sleep Research have found that acute illnesses, such as colds, flu, and gastroenteritis were more common among healthy adolescents who got less sleep at night. Additionally, the regularity of teens' sleep schedules was found to impact their health. The study, titled "Sleep patterns are associated with common illness in adolescents," was led by Kathryn Orzech, Ph.D. of the Bradley Hospital Sleep Research Laboratory.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jill Reuter

Public Release: 12-Nov-2013
Johns Hopkins research may improve early detection of dementia
Using scores obtained from cognitive tests, Johns Hopkins researchers think they have developed a model that could help determine whether memory loss in older adults is benign or a stop on the way to Alzheimer's disease.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 8-Nov-2013
Development and Psychopathology
Depression therapy effective for poor, minority moms
Faced with the dual demands of motherhood and poverty, as many as one-fourth of low-income minority mothers struggle with major depression. Now a new study shows that screening for the disorder and providing short-term, relationship-focused therapy through weekly home visits can relieve depression among minority mothers, even in the face of poverty and personal histories of abuse or violence.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Susan Hagen
University of Rochester

Public Release: 7-Nov-2013
OHSU Vollum Institute research gives new insight into how antidepressants work in the brain
Research from Oregon Health & Science University's Vollum Institute, published in the current issue of Nature, is giving scientists a never-before-seen view of how nerve cells communicate with each other. That new view can give scientists a better understanding of how antidepressants work in the human brain -- and could lead to the development of better antidepressants with few or no side effects.
American Heart Association, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, and others

Contact: Todd Murphy
Oregon Health & Science University

Public Release: 6-Nov-2013
Journal of Adolescent Research
Mothers' relationships can influence adolescent children's relationships, MU study finds
Gary Glick, doctoral candidate, the MU College of Arts & Science, Department of Psychological Sciences, found that mothers' relationships can influence adolescent children's relationships with their friends, particularly the negative and antagonistic aspects.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 6-Nov-2013
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
CWRU study finds mending ruptures in client-therapist relationship has positive benefits
In order for prolonged exposure therapy, an evidence-based psychotherapy for post traumatic stress disorder, to reach its full potential, any misperceptions or ruptures in trust and communication between therapist and client need fixing, according to a new Case Western Reserve University study.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Susan Griffith
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 6-Nov-2013
New study identifies signs of autism in the first months of life
Researchers have identified signs of autism present in the first months of life. The researchers followed babies from birth until 3 years of age, using eye-tracking technology, to measure the way infants look at and respond to social cues. Infants later diagnosed with autism showed declining attention to the eyes of other people, from the age of 2 months onwards.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Simons Foundation, Marcus Foundation, Whitehead Foundation

Contact: Carrie Edwards
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 5-Nov-2013
Interactive computer program helps patients talk with their physician about depression
Patients who used an interactive computer program about depression while waiting to see their primary-care doctor were nearly twice as likely to ask about the condition and significantly more likely to receive a recommendation for antidepressant drugs or a mental-health referral from their physician, according to a new study by researchers at UC Davis.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Charles Casey
University of California - Davis Health System

Showing releases 126-150 out of 158.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>


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