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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News


Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 158.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

Public Release: 18-Feb-2014
JAMA
Antidepressant holds promise in treating Alzheimer's agitation
The antidepressant drug citalopram, sold under the brand names Celexa and Cipramil and also available as a generic medication, significantly relieved agitation in a group of patients with Alzheimer's disease. In lower doses than those tested, the drug might be safer than antipsychotic drugs currently used to treat the condition, according to results of a clinical trial led by Johns Hopkins researchers that included seven other academic medical centers in the United States and Canada.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhmi.edu
410-955-8665
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 13-Feb-2014
Cell
Broad, MIT researchers reveal structure of key CRISPR complex
Researchers from the Broad Institute and MIT have teamed up with colleagues from the University of Tokyo to form the first high definition picture of the Cas9 complex -- a key part of the CRISPR-Cas system used by scientists as a genome-editing tool to silence genes and probe the biology of cells.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Haley Bridger
hbridger@broadinstitute.org
617-714-7968
Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Molecular Psychiatry
New evidence shows how chronic stress predisposes brain to mental disorders
UC Berkeley biologist Daniela Kaufer and colleagues have shown in rats that chronic stress makes stem cells in the brain produce more myelin-producing cells and fewer neurons, possibly affecting the speed of connections between cells as well as memory and learning. This could explain why stress leads to mental illness, such as PTSD, anxiety and mood disorders, later in life.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Brain & Behavior Research Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 11-Feb-2014
Behavior Therapy
RI Hospital: Cognitive behavioral therapy benefits patients with body dysmorphic disorder
In a recent study, researchers at Rhode Island Hospital found significant benefits of cognitive behavioral therapy as a treatment modality for patients with Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). BDD is a common, often severe, and under-recognized body image disorder that affects an estimated 1.7 percent to 2.4 percent of the population. This study demonstrated significant improvement in patients' BDD symptoms and level of disability, as well as high levels of patient satisfaction with the treatment.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Ellen Slingsby
eslingsby@lifespan.org
401-444-6421
Lifespan

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Psychiatric Services
Personal experience, work seniority improve mental health professionals' outlook
One might think that after years of seeing people at their worst, mental health workers would harbor negative attitudes about mental illness, perhaps associating people with mental health issues as less competent or dangerous. But a new study suggests the opposite.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Molly McElroy
mollywmc@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Psychiatry Research
Study finds high Rx burden for bipolar patients
Concerned about patients with bipolar disorder needing hospitalization despite treatment with four or more psychotropic medications, a team of researchers sought to quantify the rate of "complex polypharmacy." They found that 36 percent of patients admitted to the hospital with bipolar disorder in 2010 were receiving complex polypharmacy from their community providers The polypharmacy rate was significantly higher for women. Including for other conditions, the average patient was on six medications.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 4-Feb-2014
Health Psychology
Happy people, safer sex
In a new study, researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health report that HIV-positive men whose moods improved in a given week were more likely to have safe sex than they would in a normal week. In weeks where moods were worse than usual, they were more likely to have unprotected sex. Results appear online in the journal Health Psychology.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Timothy S. Paul
tp2111@columbia.edu
212-305-2676
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 3-Feb-2014
Health Psychology
Perceived control reduces mortality risk at low, not high, education levels
Personality researchers find having a sense of control over one's life can reduce mortality rates in people who have little education, but a sense of control does not influence mortality rates in people with higher levels of education.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Julie Philipp
julie_philipp@urmc.rochester.edu
585-275-1309
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Jan-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Less than half of children treated for anxiety achieve long-term relief
Fewer than one in two children and young adults treated for anxiety achieve long-term relief from symptoms, according to the findings of a study by investigators from the Johns Hopkins Children's Center and five other institutions.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
epeshev1@jhmi.edu
410-502-9433
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 28-Jan-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Low levels of pro-inflammatory agent help cognition in rats
Although inflammation is frequently a cause of disease in the body, research from the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio indicates that low levels of a pro-inflammatory cytokine in the brain are important for cognition. Cytokines are proteins produced by the immune system.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation

Contact: Will Sansom
sansom@uthscsa.edu
210-567-2579
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 27-Jan-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Permanent changes in brain genes may not be so permanent after all
In normal development, all cells turn off genes they don't need, often by attaching a chemical methyl group to the DNA, a process called methylation. Historically, scientists believed methyl groups could only stick to a particular DNA sequence: a cytosine followed by a guanine, called CpG. But in recent years, they have been found on other sequences, and so-called non-CpG methylation has been found in stem cells, and in neurons in the brain.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Vanessa McMains
vmcmain1@jhmi.edu
410-502-9410
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 24-Jan-2014
Perspectives on Psychological Science
Researchers use sensory integration model to understand unconscious priming
Priming, an unconscious phenomenon that causes the context of information to change the way we think or behave, has frustrated scientists as they have unsuccessfully attempted to understand how it works. But, recent failures to replicate demonstrations of unconscious priming have resulted in a heated debate within the field of psychology. In a breakthrough paper, Carnegie Mellon University researchers use a well-established human perception theory to illustrate the mechanisms underlying priming and explain how its effects do not always act as predicted.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Pittsburgh Life Sciences Greenhouse Opportunity Fund

Contact: Shilo Rea
shilo@cmu.edu
412-268-6094
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 23-Jan-2014
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
CWRU study finds depression symptoms and emotional support impact PTSD treatment progress
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University found that during PTSD treatments, rapid improvements in depression symptoms are associated with better outcomes.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Susan Griffith
susan.griffith@case.edu
216-368-1004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 23-Jan-2014
Nature Chemical Biology
Johns Hopkins scientists identify a key to body's use of free calcium
Scientists at Johns Hopkins report they have figured out a key step in how "free" calcium -- the kind not contained in bones -- is managed in the body, a finding that could aid in the development of new treatments for a variety of neurological disorders that include Parkinson's disease.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Catherine Kolf
ckolf@jhmi.org
443-287-2251
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 22-Jan-2014
Nature
New studies show that many rare mutations contribute to schizophrenia risk
Researchers from the Broad Institute and several partnering institutions have taken a closer look at the human genome to learn more about the genetic underpinnings of schizophrenia. In two studies published this week in Nature, scientists analyzed the exomes, or protein-coding regions, of people with schizophrenia and their healthy counterparts, pinpointing the sites of mutations and identifying patterns that reveal clues about the biology underlying the disorder.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Haley Bridger
hbridger@broadinstitute.org
617-714-7968
Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard

Public Release: 12-Jan-2014
Nature
Scientists solve 40-year mystery of how sodium controls opioid brain signaling
Scientists have discovered how the element sodium influences the signaling of a major class of brain cell receptors, known as opioid receptors. The discovery, from the Scripps Research Institute and the University of North Carolina, suggests new therapeutic approaches to a host of brain-related medical conditions.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute for General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Mika Ono
mikaono@scripps.edu
858-784-2052
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 9-Jan-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Novel biomarker approach suggests new avenues to improve schizophrenia disease management
Environmental effects of events such as oxygen deprivation and infections may be preserved as markers in blood that are associated to schizophrenia, according to an international study led by the Virginia Commonwealth University School of Pharmacy's Center for Biomarker Research and Personalized Medicine.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Eric Peters
petersem@vcu.edu
804-828-0563
Virginia Commonwealth University

Public Release: 9-Jan-2014
Neuron
SHY hypothesis explains that sleep is the price we pay for learning
Why do animals ranging from fruit flies to humans all need to sleep? After all, sleep disconnects them from their environment, puts them at risk and keeps them from seeking food or mates for large parts of the day.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Susan Lampert Smith
ssmith5@uwhealth.org
608-890-5643
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 7-Jan-2014
JAMA
Adults with mental illness have lower rate of decline in smoking
In recent years, the decline in smoking among individuals with mental illness was significantly less than among those without mental illness, although the rates of quitting smoking were greater among those receiving mental health treatment, according to a study in the Jan. 8 issue of JAMA.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Cecere
dcecere@challiance.org
617-591-4044
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 6-Jan-2014
Pediatrics
Suicide risk doesn't differ in children taking 2 types of commonly prescribed antidepressants
A Vanderbilt University Medical Center study released today shows there is no evidence that the risk of suicide differs with two commonly prescribed antidepressants prescribed to children and adolescents.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
craig.boerner@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 1-Jan-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Alcohol, tobacco, drug use far higher in severely mentally ill
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the University of Southern California have found that rates of smoking, drinking and drug use are significantly higher among those who have psychotic disorders than in the general population. And that finding is of particular concern because individuals with severe mental illness are more likely to die at younger ages than people who don't have psychiatric disorders.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society

Contact: Jim Dryden
jdryden@wustl.edu
314-286-0110
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 23-Dec-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers identify gene that influences the ability to remember faces
New findings suggest the oxytocin receptor, a gene known to influence mother-infant bonding and pair bonding in monogamous species, also plays a special role in the ability to remember faces. This research has important implications for disorders in which social information processing is disrupted, including autism spectrum disorder. In addition, the finding may lead to new strategies for improving social cognition in several psychiatric disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Marks Family Foundation

Contact: Lisa Newbern
lisa.newbern@emory.edu
404-727-7709
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 19-Dec-2013
Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association
Anxiety linked to higher long-term risk of stroke
This is the first study to link anxiety to a greater risk of stroke.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Darcy Spitz
darcy.spitz@heart.org
212-878-5940
American Heart Association

Public Release: 18-Dec-2013
JAMA Psychiatry
Markers of inflammation in the blood linked to aggressive behaviors
People with intermittent explosive disorder -- a psychiatric illness characterized by impulsivity, hostility and recurrent aggressive outbursts -- have elevated levels of two markers of systemic inflammation in their blood. The study documents a direct relationship between inflammatory markers and impulsive aggression that is not seen in people in good mental health or with other psychiatric disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, University of Colorado, Denver

Contact: John Easton
john.easton@uchospitals.edu
773-795-5225
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Dec-2013
Mind, Brain and Education
Bedtime for toddlers: Timing is everything, says CU-Boulder study
The bedtime you select for your toddler may be out of sync with his or her internal body clock, which can contribute to difficulties for youngsters attempting to settle in for the night, according to a new University of Colorado Boulder study.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Monique LeBourgeois
Monique.LeBourgeois@colorado.edu
303-492-4584
University of Colorado at Boulder

Showing releases 126-150 out of 158.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

     
   

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