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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 151-164 out of 164.

<< < 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Study finds difference in way bipolar disorder affects brains of children versus adults
A new study from Bradley Hospital has found that bipolar children have greater activation in the right amygdala -- a brain region very important for emotional reaction -- than bipolar adults when viewing emotional faces. The study, now published online in JAMA Psychiatry, suggests that bipolar children might benefit from treatments that target emotional face identification, such as computer based 'brain games' or group and individual therapy.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jill Reuter

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Penn team links placental marker of prenatal stress to brain mitochondrial dysfunction
New findings by University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine scientists suggest that an enzyme found in the placenta is likely playing an important role in translating stress experienced by a mother early in pregnancy into a reprogramming of her developing baby's brain.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
British Medical Journal
Unintended danger from antidepressant warnings
Following 2003 FDA warnings about a potential danger to young people taking antidepressants, antidepressant use plummeted and attempted suicide by psychotropic drug poisoning increased proportionally by 22 percent.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Fight-or-flight chemical prepares cells to shift brain from subdued to alert
A new study from The Johns Hopkins University shows that the brain cells surrounding a mouse's neurons do much more than fill space. According to the researchers, the cells, called astrocytes because of their star-shaped appearance, can monitor and respond to nearby neural activity, but only after being activated by the fight-or-flight chemical norepinephrine. Because astrocytes can alter the activity of neurons, the findings suggest that astrocytes may help control the brain's ability to focus.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Multiple Sclerosis Society

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Scripps Florida scientists pinpoint how genetic mutation causes early brain damage
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have shed light on how a specific kind of genetic mutation can cause damage during early brain development that results in lifelong learning and behavioral disabilities. The work suggests new possibilities for therapeutic intervention.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, University of Califronia, Irvine, State of Florida

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 16-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How our brains store recent memories, cell by single cell
Confirming what neurocomputational theorists have long suspected, researchers at the Dignity Health Barrow Neurological Institute in Phoenix, Ariz., and University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that the human brain locks down episodic memories in the hippocampus, committing each recollection to a distinct, distributed fraction of individual cells.
US Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Research Service, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Synchronized brain waves enable rapid learning
The human mind can rapidly absorb and analyze new information as it flits from thought to thought. These quickly changing brain states may be encoded by synchronization of brain waves across different brain regions, according to a new study from MIT neuroscientists.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Jun-2014
Child Development
New study sheds light on what happens to 'cool' kids
A new study has found that teens who tried to act cool in early adolescence were more likely to experience a range of problems in early adulthood. Teens needed more and more extreme behaviors to appear cool, eventually engaging in serious criminal behaviors in addition to alcohol and drug use. By young adulthood, they were found to be less competent overall than their less 'cool' peers. Teens were followed from age 13 to age 23.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Hannah Klein
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
UO researchers use rhythmic brain activity to track memories in progress
Using EEG electrodes attached to the scalps of 25 student subjects, University of Oregon researchers have tapped the rhythm of memories as they occur in near real time in the human brain.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
American Journal of Psychiatry
Five-question clinical tool the first to help screen risk of violence in military veterans
A new brief, five-question screening tool can help clinicians identify which veterans may be at greater risk of violence, according to a new study.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Tom Hughes
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 2-Jun-2014
Health Affairs
Simple change to Medicare Part D would yield $5 billion in savings
The federal government could save over $5 billion in the first year by changing the way it assigns Part D plans for Medicare beneficiaries eligible for low-income subsidies, according to the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. The results of the study, funded by the National Institutes of Health and the US Department of Health and Human Services, will be published in the June issue of the journal Health Affairs.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 28-May-2014
Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
PTSD treatment cost-effective when patients given choice
A cost-analysis of post-traumatic stress disorder treatments shows that letting patients choose their course of treatment -- either psychotherapy or medication -- is less expensive than assigning a treatment and provides a higher quality of life for patients.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy

Contact: Molly McElroy
University of Washington

Public Release: 28-May-2014
Uncovering clues to the genetic cause of schizophrenia
The overall number and nature of mutations -- rather than the presence of any single mutation -- influences an individual's risk of developing schizophrenia, as well as its severity, according to a discovery by Columbia University Medical Center researchers published in the latest issue of Neuron. The findings could have important implications for the early detection and treatment of schizophrenia.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Lucky Tran
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 26-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sex-specific changes in cerebral blood flow begin at puberty, Penn study finds
Penn Medicine researchers have discovered that cerebral blood flow levels decreased similarly in males and females before puberty, but saw them diverge sharply in puberty, with levels increasing in females while decreasing further in males, which could give hints as to developing differences in behavior in men and women and sex-specific pre-dispositions to certain psychiatric disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Brain and Behavior Foundation

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Showing releases 151-164 out of 164.

<< < 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7


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