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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 151-163 out of 163.

<< < 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7

Public Release: 28-May-2014
Uncovering clues to the genetic cause of schizophrenia
The overall number and nature of mutations -- rather than the presence of any single mutation -- influences an individual's risk of developing schizophrenia, as well as its severity, according to a discovery by Columbia University Medical Center researchers published in the latest issue of Neuron. The findings could have important implications for the early detection and treatment of schizophrenia.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Lucky Tran
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 26-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sex-specific changes in cerebral blood flow begin at puberty, Penn study finds
Penn Medicine researchers have discovered that cerebral blood flow levels decreased similarly in males and females before puberty, but saw them diverge sharply in puberty, with levels increasing in females while decreasing further in males, which could give hints as to developing differences in behavior in men and women and sex-specific pre-dispositions to certain psychiatric disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Brain and Behavior Foundation

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Role of calcium in familial Alzheimer's disease clarified, pointing to new therapeutics
Mutations in two presenilin proteins associated with familial Alzheimer's disease disrupt the flow of calcium ions within neurons. Researchers have found that suppressing the hyperactivity of the calcium channels alleviated FAD-like symptoms in mice models of the disease. These new observations suggest that approaches based on modulating calcium signaling could be explored for new AD therapies.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 13-May-2014
Molecular Psychiatry
Researchers identify genetic marker linked to OCD
A group of researchers led by Johns Hopkins scientists say they have identified a genetic marker that may be associated with the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder, whose causes and mechanisms are among the least understood among mental illnesses.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Psychological Science
Having a sense of purpose may add years to your life
Feeling that you have a sense of purpose in life may help you live longer, no matter what your age, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. The research has clear implications for promoting positive aging and adult development, says lead researcher Patrick Hill of Carleton University in Canada.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 12-May-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Bullying may have long-term health consequences
Bullied children may experience chronic, systemic inflammation that persists into adulthood, while bullies may actually reap health benefits of increasing their social status through bullying, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Brain & Behavior Research Foundation, William T. Grant Foundation, Economic and Social Research Council

Contact: Rachel Harrison
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 8-May-2014
International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing
Listening to bipolar disorder: Smartphone app detects mood swings via voice analysis
A smartphone app that monitors subtle qualities of a person's voice during everyday phone conversations shows promise for detecting early signs of mood changes in people with bipolar disorder, a University of Michigan team reports. While the app still needs much testing before widespread use, early results from a small group of patients show its potential to monitor moods while protecting privacy.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 7-May-2014
Obstetrics & Gynecology
New care approach eases depression among women
Women who received collaborative care for depression at an obstetrics and gynecology clinic showed fewer symptoms after treatment than women receiving usual depression care in the same setting, University of Washington research found. In this model, the patient's physician, a mental health professional, and a depression manager work together with the patient. The collaborative approach comprises counseling, greater patient engagement, and more frequent followup than is typical of mental health care at specialty clinics.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: McKenna Princing
University of Washington

Public Release: 5-May-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Study finds family-based exposure therapy effective treatment for young children with OCD
A new study from the Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center has found that family-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is beneficial to young children between the ages of five and eight with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The study, now published online in JAMA Psychiatry, found developmentally sensitive family-based CBT that included exposure/response prevention was more effective in reducing OCD symptoms and functional impairment in this age group than a similarly structured relaxation program.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jill Reuter

Public Release: 5-May-2014
Genetic, environmental influences equally important risk for autism spectrum disorder
Researchers led by Mount Sinai found that individual risk of ASD and autistic disorder increased with greater genetic relatedness in families -- that is, persons with a sibling, half-sibling or cousin diagnosed with autism have an increased likelihood of developing ASD themselves.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Sid Dinsay
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 5-May-2014
American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Dementia diagnosis twice as likely if older adult has schizophrenia; cancer less likely
Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University researchers who followed over 30,000 older adults for a decade have found the rate of dementia diagnosis for patients with schizophrenia to be twice as high as for patients without this chronic, severe and disabling brain disorder. Cancer, however, was less likely.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Indiana University

Public Release: 30-Apr-2014
Child Development
Working memory differs by parents' education; effects persist into adolescence
A new longitudinal study has found that differences in working memory- the ability to hold information in your mind, think about it, and use it to guide behavior -- that exist at age 10 persist through the end of adolescence. The study also found that parents' education -- one common measure of socioeconomic status -- is related to children's performance on tasks of working memory. The researchers studied more than 300 10- through 13-year-olds over four years.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Hannah Klein
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Overlooked cells hold keys to brain organization and disease, UCSF study shows
Scientists studying brain diseases may need to look beyond nerve cells and start paying attention to the star-shaped cells known as 'astrocytes,' because they play specialized roles in the development and maintenance of nerve circuits and may contribute to a wide range of disorders, according to a new study by UC San Francisco researchers.
NIH/National Institute for Neurological Diseases & Stroke, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
University of California - San Francisco

Showing releases 151-163 out of 163.

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