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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 26-50 out of 146.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>

Public Release: 1-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Penn and German researchers help identify neural basis of multitasking
By studying networks of activity in the brain's frontal cortex, researchers have shown that the degree to which these networks reconfigure themselves while switching from task to task predicts people's cognitive flexibility.
MacArthur Foundation, Sloan Foundation, Army Research Laboratory, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Science Foundation, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Innovative Medicines Initiative Joint Undertaking

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 1-Sep-2015
Molecular Psychiatry
Gene may predict severity of post-traumatic stress disorder
A gene linked in previous research, appears to predict more severe post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as well as a thinner cortex in regions of the brain critical for regulating strong emotions and coping with stressful experiences. This study is believed to be the first to show that the spindle and kinetochore-associated complex subunit 2 gene may play a role in the development of PTSD.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Translational Research Center for TBI and Stress Disorders, VA Rehabilitation Research and Development Traumatic Brain

Contact: Kristen Perfetuo
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 31-Aug-2015
Psychiatric Services
Organized self-management support eases chronic depression
In a randomized trial, people with chronic or recurrent depression benefited from self-management support that included regular outreach care management and a self-care group with a combined behavioral and recovery-oriented approach. Over 18 months, patients improved significantly in all four measured outcomes. Compared to patients in usual care at Group Health and Swedish, they had less severe symptoms and less likelihood of having major depression, higher recovery scores, and higher likelihood of being much improved.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Rebecca Hughes
Group Health Research Institute

Public Release: 31-Aug-2015
Psychological Science
Close friendships in adolescence predict health in adulthood
Teens are often warned to beware the undue influence of peer pressure, but new research suggests that following the pack in adolescence may have some unexpected benefits for physical health in early adulthood.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 26-Aug-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Self-control saps memory, study says
You're about to switch lanes on a busy road when you realize there's a car in your blind spot. You have to put a stop to your lane change -- and quickly. A new study by Duke University researchers in the Journal of Neuroscience suggests that this type of scenario makes a person less likely to remember what halted the action -- for example, the make and model of the car in the blind spot.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 26-Aug-2015
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
Bright screens at night imperil sleep of young teens
A new study looked at the effect of light exposure at night -- like that from phones or tablets -- on the biology of teen sleep. The researchers found that children in early to middle puberty were especially vulnerable to suppression of a hormone key to sleep timing.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 26-Aug-2015
Who will develop psychosis? Automated speech analysis may have the answer
An automated speech analysis program correctly differentiated between at-risk young people who developed psychosis over a two-and-a-half year period and those who did not. In a proof-of-principle study, researchers at Columbia University Medical Center, New York State Psychiatric Institute, and the IBM T. J. Watson Research Center found that the computerized analysis provided a more accurate classification than clinical ratings.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Rachel Yarmolinsky
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Agricultural intervention improves HIV outcomes
A multifaceted farming intervention can reduce food insecurity while improving HIV outcomes in patients in Kenya, according to a randomized, controlled trial led by researchers at UC San Francisco.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, UC Global Health Institute Center of Expertise in Women's Health & Empowerment

Contact: Jeff Sheehy
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Sociology of Health & Illness
Anxious? Depressed? Blame it on your middle-management position
Individuals near the middle of the social hierarchy suffer higher rates of depression and anxiety than those at the top or bottom, according to researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. Nearly twice the number of supervisors and managers reported they suffered from anxiety compared to workers. Symptoms of depression were reported by 18 percent of supervisors and managers compared to 12 percent for workers.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Stephanie Berger
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Child Development
Quality counts in adolescents' and young adults' romantic relationships
According to a new longitudinal study, high quality romantic relationships are associated with fewer psychosocial difficulties across adolescence and into young adulthood.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Hannah Klein
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 13-Aug-2015
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
New information is easier to learn when composed of familiar elements
People have more difficulty recalling the string of letters BIC, IAJ, FKI, RSU and SAF than FBI, CIA, JFK, IRS and USA. The well-established reason is that the amount of information we can hold in our short-term or working memory is affected by whether the information can be 'chunked' into larger units. New research takes this learning principle one step further by uncovering how the strength -- or familiarity -- of those chunks plays a crucial role.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Shilo Rea
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics
C-sections could influence babies' ability to focus
Being delivered through a caesarean section influences at least one form of babies' ability to concentrate. It slows their spatial attention, which plays a role in how well they are able to prioritize and focus on a particular area or object that is of interest. These are the findings of Scott Adler and Audrey Wong-Kee-You of York University in Canada, published in Springer's journal Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, York University Faculty of Health

Contact: Joan Robinson

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research
Marriage can lead to dramatic reduction in heavy drinking in young adults
Research on alcohol-use disorders consistently shows problem drinking decreases as we age. Now, researchers collaborating between the University of Missouri and Arizona State University have found evidence that marriage can cause dramatic drinking reductions even among people with severe drinking problems. Scientists believe findings could help improve clinical efforts to help these people, inform public health policy changes and lead to more targeted interventions for young adult problem drinkers.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Even moderate picky eating can have negative effects on children's health
Picky eating among children is a common but burdensome problem that can result in poor nutrition for kids, family conflict, and frustrated parents. Although many families see picky eating as a phase, a new study from Duke Medicine finds moderate and severe picky eating often coincides with serious childhood issues such as depression and anxiety that may need intervention.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Samiha Khanna
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Jul-2015
Scripps Florida scientists win $1.4 million to study drug candidates for neurological disorders
Scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have been awarded $1.4 million from the National Institute of Mental Health of the National Institutes of Health to explore the development of drug candidates for a wide range of conditions, including circadian rhythm disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
New England Journal of Medicine
BIDMC research shows endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm is safe
A new study from researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center compared open surgical repair with a catheter-based procedure and found that the less invasive endovascular aortic repair has clear benefits for most patients.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, Harvard-Longwood Research Training in Vascular Surgery, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Kelly Lawman
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Jul-2015
8th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention
HPTN 067 demonstrates high-risk populations adhere well to daily PrEP regimen
Results from HPTN 067, a Phase II, randomized, open-label study, demonstrate most study participants had higher coverage of sex events and better adherence when they were assigned to the daily dosing arm, investigators from the HIV Prevention Trials Network reported today at the 8th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention in Vancouver, Canada. HPTN 067, also known as the ADAPT Study, was designed to evaluate the feasibility of non-daily pre-exposure prophylaxis regimens.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health and NIH/Office of AIDS Research

Contact: Eric Miller

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Making 'miniature brains' from skin cells to better understand autism
A larger head size -- or macrocephaly -- is seen in many children with severe autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A new stem cell study of these children by Yale School of Medicine researchers could help predict ASD and may lead to new drug targets for autism treatment. The findings are published in the July 16 issue of the journal Cell.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, State of Connecticut, Simons Foundation

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Device delivers drugs to brain via remote control
Tiny, implantable devices are capable of delivering light or drugs to specific areas of the brain, potentially improving drug delivery to targeted regions of the brain and reducing side effects. Eventually, the devices may be used to treat pain, depression, epilepsy and other neurological disorders in people.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, Common Fund of the National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Brain network that controls, redirects attention identified
Researchers at Columbia have found that key parts of the human brain network that give us the power to control and redirect our attention -- a core cognitive ability -- may be unique to humans.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Anne Holden, PhD
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
Scientists 'watch' rats string memories together
By using electrode implants to track nerve cells firing in the brains of rats as they plan where to go next, Johns Hopkins scientists say they have learned that the mammalian brain likely reconstructs memories in a way more like jumping across stepping stones than walking across a bridge. Their experiments shed light on what memories are and how they form, and gives clues about how the system can fail.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Catherine Kolf
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jul-2015
JAMA Psychiatry
Study links success in adulthood to childhood psychiatric health
Children with even mild or passing bouts of depression, anxiety and/or behavioral issues were more inclined to have serious problems that complicated their ability to lead successful lives as adults, according to research from Duke Medicine.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, William T. Grant Foundation

Contact: Samiha Khanna
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 14-Jul-2015
Two NIH grants support IU psychologist's effort to improve community mental health care
With a pair of National Institutes of Health grants totaling nearly $3 million, Indiana University clinical psychologist Cara Lewis will tackle two major issues in the effort to bring evidence-based mental health treatment into community mental health centers.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Kevin Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 9-Jul-2015
Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Researchers identify new spectrum disorder called ALPIM syndrome
Research by Jeremy D. Coplan, M.D., professor of psychiatry at SUNY Downstate Medical Center, and colleagues has documented a high rate of association between panic disorder and four domains of physical illness. The research could alter how physicians and psychiatrists view the boundaries within and between psychiatric and medical disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Ron Najman
SUNY Downstate Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Jul-2015
Scientific Reports
Neuroscientists establish brain-to-brain networks in primates, rodents
Neuroscientists at Duke University have introduced a new paradigm for brain-machine interfaces that investigates the physiological properties and adaptability of brain circuits, and how the brains of two or more animals can work together to complete simple tasks. These brain networks, or Brainets, were developed in rodents and primates, and are described in two articles to be published in the July 9, 2015, issue of Scientific Reports.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Fundacao BIAL

Contact: Susan Halkiotis
Duke University Medical Center

Showing releases 26-50 out of 146.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>


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