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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 161.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

Public Release: 2-Jun-2015
Maternal use of antidepressants found to pose little risk to newborn
In new findings published in JAMA on June 2, 2015, researchers demonstrate that while the possibility of an increased risk of PPHN associated with maternal use of antidepressants in late pregnancy cannot be entirely excluded, the absolute risk is small and the risk increase, if present, appears more modest than suggested in previous studies.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Elaine St. Peter
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 28-May-2015
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Research links impulsivity and binge eating
Do you get impulsive when you're upset? If so, this could be putting you at risk for binge eating. According to Kelly Klump, professor of psychology at Michigan State University and senior author, the more impulsive you are, the more likely it is you'll binge eat when experiencing negative feelings.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Kim Ward
Michigan State University

Public Release: 28-May-2015
How we make emotional decisions
MIT neuroscientists identify a brain circuit that controls decisions that induce high anxiety.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, CHDI Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, US Army Research Office, Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia and Parkinson Foundation, and William N. and Bernice E. Bumpus Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Motivation and Emotion
Friendships start better with a smile
If you want to strike up a new relationship, simply smile. It works because people are much more attuned to positive emotions when forming new bonds than they are to negative ones. Don't try to fake it, however, because people can recognize a sincere smile a mile away. This is according to a study that sheds light on how relationships are formed and maintained. The findings are published in Springer's journal Motivation and Emotion.
National Science Foundation, Graduate Opportunity Fellowship at UCBerkeley, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Joan Robinson

Public Release: 19-May-2015
JAMA Pediatrics
Suicide trends in school-aged children reveal racial disparity
While suicide rates in children younger than 12 have remained steady for the past 20 years, a new study published in JAMA Pediatrics is the first to observe higher suicide rates among black children.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Shilo Rea
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 13-May-2015
European Journal of Epidemiology
No link found between PTSD and cancer risk
In the largest study to date that examines post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a risk factor for cancer, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine, have shown no evidence of an association.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 12-May-2015
Nature Genetics
Family genetics study reveals new clues to autism risk
A study of almost 2,400 children with autism, their parents and unaffected siblings has provided new insights into the genetics of the condition. Researchers found that certain inherited mutations that truncate the formation of proteins were more common in children with autism, compared to their unaffected brothers and sisters. These gene variations were more likely to be passed from mothers with no signs of the disorder to sons, who then developed the condition.
Simons Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Database of Autism Research

Contact: Leila Gray
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 6-May-2015
NIMH funds major schizophrenia project
Researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine will seek to identify the genetic causes of schizophrenia as part of a major project funded by the National Institute of Mental Health to better understand how genetic variation in brain cells affects human health and disease.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Josh Barney
University of Virginia Health System

Public Release: 5-May-2015
Psychiatric Services
Online training can teach psychotherapists evidence-based treatments, study finds
Psychotherapy treatments can lag years behind what research has shown to be effective because there simply are not enough clinicians trained in new methods. A new study proposes one solution to the problem. The findings show that employing online training programs to teach psychotherapists how to use newer evidence-based treatments can be as successful as in-person instruction.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Mueller Trust

Contact: Warren Robak
RAND Corporation

Public Release: 5-May-2015
Translational Psychiatry
Strategy found for safely prescribing antidepressants to children and adolescents
A multidisciplinary team of Johns Hopkins researchers has developed two new strategies to treat depression in young people using the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor class of medications. These strategies, published May 5 in the journal Translational Psychiatry, incorporate a new understanding of how to mitigate the risk of suicide while on SSRI treatment.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Heather Dewar
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 4-May-2015
'Fuzzy thinking' in depression & bipolar disorder: New research finds effect is real
People with depression or bipolar disorder often feel their thinking ability has gotten 'fuzzy', or less sharp than before their symptoms began. Now, researchers have shown in a very large study that effect is indeed real -- and rooted in brain activity differences that show up on advanced brain scans.
National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, University of Michigan Department of Psychiatry Research Committee and fMRI lab, Heinz C. Prechter Bipolar Research Fund at the U-M Depression Center

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 1-May-2015
Parent training reduces serious behavioral problems in children with autism
Young children with autism spectrum disorder, who also have serious behavioral problems, showed improved behavior when their parents were trained with specific, structured strategies to manage tantrums, aggression, self-injury, and non-compliance. The findings from this parent training study by Yale and Emory University researchers were published recently in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, Marcus Foundation, Joseph B. Whitehead Foundation, and others

Contact: Karen N. Peart
Yale University

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
Light -- not pain-killing drugs -- used to activate brain's opioid receptors
Washington University School of Medicine neuroscientists have attached the light-sensing protein rhodopsin to opioid receptor parts to activate the receptor pathways using light from a laser fiber-optic device. They also influenced the behavior of mice using light, rather than drugs, to activate the reward response.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Jim Dryden
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 28-Apr-2015
Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting
Lancet Psychiatry
Victims of bullying fare worse in the long run than maltreated children
Children who have been bullied by peers have similar or worse long-term mental health outcomes than children maltreated by adults, according to a study to be presented Tuesday, April 28, at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting in San Diego, and to be published in The Lancet Psychiatry at the same time.
Economic and Social Research Council, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression, William T. Grant Foundation

Contact: Debbie Jacobson
American Academy of Pediatrics

Public Release: 27-Apr-2015
Nature Methods
Neuronal positioning system: A GPS to navigate the brain
Scientists from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and Harvard University have announced a 'Neuronal Positioning System' (NPS) that maps the brain's circuitry similar to how a Global Positioning System (GPS) triangulates our location on the planet. The new brain mapping method will help scientists understand the organizational principles of neuronal circuits and learn how their wiring changes during development and in a variety of pathological conditions.
Humans Frontiers Science Foundation, European Research Council/European Union's Seventh Framework Programme, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Dov Smith
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Public Release: 27-Apr-2015
Nature Neuroscience
Neurons constantly rewrite their DNA
Johns Hopkins scientists have discovered that neurons are risk takers: they use minor 'DNA surgeries' to toggle their activity levels all day, every day. Since these activity levels are important in learning, memory and brain disorders, the researchers think their finding will shed light on a range of important questions.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Simons Foundation, Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, Maryland Stem Cell Research Foundation, and others

Contact: Catherine Kolf
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 23-Apr-2015
Cell Reports
Fragile X syndrome: Building a case for an alternative treatment strategy
New results suggest that a drug strategy targeting PI3 kinase could improve learning and behavioral flexibility in people with fragile X syndrome. The approach represents an alternative to one based on drugs targeting glutamate receptors, which have had difficulty showing benefits in clinical trials.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, FRAXA Research Foundation, Brain & Behavior Research Foundation, Autism Speaks

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 21-Apr-2015
Parent training can reduce serious behavioral problems in young children with autism
A multi-site study sponsored by the National Institute of Mental Health finds young children with autism spectrum disorder and serious behavioral problems respond positively to a 24-week structured parent training. The benefits of parent training endured for up to six months post intervention.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Marcus Foundation, J.B. Whitehead Foundation

Contact: Holly Korschun
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 21-Apr-2015
Parent training significantly reduces disruptive behavior in children with autism
A new study suggests that doctors may want to focus on parents and not just on their patients when it comes to caring for children with autism spectrum disorder. The study, published in the April edition of the Journal of the American Medical Association, found that parents who were trained to intervene at the first sign of behavior problems saw a dramatic improvement in their child's condition - an improvement of 70 percent.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Sherri Kirk
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Apr-2015
Living life in the third person
Imagine living a healthy, normal life without the ability to re-experience in your mind personal events from your past. You have learned details about past episodes from your life and can recite these to family and friends, but you can't mentally travel back in time to imagine yourself in any of them. Cognitive scientists had a rare opportunity to examine three middle-aged adults who essentially live their lives in the 'third person.'
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, and Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Kelly Connelly
Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care

Public Release: 20-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study shows early environment has a lasting impact on stress response systems
The study finds that children raised in Romanian orphanages had blunted stress response systems, while children placed with foster parents before the age of 2 showed stress responses similar to those of children raised in typical families.
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Binder Family Foundation, Help the Children of Romania Inc. Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Deborah Bach
University of Washington

Public Release: 17-Apr-2015
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Study shows 2 drugs reduce teacher-rated anxiety, in addition to ADHD, aggression
A study led by researchers at the Nisonger Center at Ohio State's Wexner Medical Center is available online today in the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology and shows the addition of risperidone to parent training and a stimulant also improves teachers' assessments of anxiety and social avoidance. Improvement in teacher-rated anxiety and social withdrawal also contributed to improvements in parent-rated disruptive behavior. Children who showed reduced anxiety also showed less disruptive behavior.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Sherri Kirk
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Study: Amygdala encodes 'cooties' and 'crushes' in the developing brain
Scientists have found a signal in the brain that reflects young children's aversion to members of the opposite sex (the 'cooties' effect) and also their growing interest in opposite-sex peers as they enter puberty. These two responses to members of the opposite sex are encoded in the amygdala, the researchers report. The findings challenge traditional notions about the role of the amygdala, the researchers say.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Cell Reports
Gene loss creates eating disorder-related behaviors in mice
Building on their discovery of a gene linked to eating disorders in humans, a team of researchers at the University of Iowa has now shown that loss of the gene in mice leads to several behavioral abnormalities that resemble behaviors seen in people with anorexia nervosa.
Brain and Behavior Foundation, Klarman Family Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jennifer Brown
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Brain imaging explains reason for good and poor language outcomes in ASD toddlers
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine researchers say it may be possible to predict future language development outcomes in toddlers with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD), even before they've been formally diagnosed with the condition.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Foundation for Autism Research, Jesus College Cambridge, British Academy

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Showing releases 51-75 out of 161.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>


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