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Department of Health and Human Services

News from the National Institutes of Health

Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 146.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>

Public Release: 6-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Brain imaging shows how children inherit their parents' anxiety
A study in an extended family of monkeys provides important insights into how the risk of developing anxiety and depression is passed from parents to children. The study from the Department of Psychiatry and the Health Emotions Research Institute at the University of Wisconsin-Madison shows how an over-active brain circuit involving three brain areas inherited from generation to generation may set the stage for developing anxiety and depressive disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Susan Lampert Smith
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 29-Jun-2015
Researchers complete ASPIRE Phase III trial of vaginal ring for HIV prevention in women
In a first for HIV prevention, researchers have completed follow-up of participants in a pivotal Phase III trial that tested a vaginal ring for preventing HIV in women. The ring, which contains the ARV dapivirine, is meant to be worn for a month at a time. More than 2,600 African women took part in ASPIRE, one of two Phase III trials designed to support potential licensure of the ring. Results are expected early 2016.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Lisa Rossi
Microbicide Trials Network

Public Release: 23-Jun-2015
Clinical Psychological Science
Brain scans of passengers who experienced nightmare flight
Toronto -- A group of passengers who thought they were going to die when their plane ran out of fuel over the Atlantic Ocean in August, 2001 have had their brains scanned while recalling the terrifying moments to help science better understand trauma memories and how they are processed in the brain.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Kelly Connelly
Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care

Public Release: 22-Jun-2015
Penn: Mom's stress alters babies' gut and brain through vaginal microbiome
Stress during the first trimester of pregnancy alters the population of microbes living in a mother's vagina. Those changes are passed on to newborns during birth and are associated with differences in their gut microbiome as well as their brain development, according to a new study by University of Pennsylvania researchers.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 19-Jun-2015
Cerebral Cortex
Thick cortex could be key in Down syndrome
The thickness of the brain's cerebral cortex could be a key to unlocking answers about intellectual development in youth with Down syndrome. It could also provide new insights to why individuals with this genetic neurodevelopmental disorder are highly susceptible to early onset Alzheimer's disease later in life.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Rachel Ewing
Drexel University

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Child Development
Stress in low-income families can affect children's learning
Children living in low-income households who endure family instability and emotionally distant caregivers are at risk of having impaired cognitive abilities according to new research from the University of Rochester.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Monique Patenaude
University of Rochester

Public Release: 18-Jun-2015
Current Biology
Protein 'comet tails' propel cell recycling process
Neurodegenerative diseases, such as Lou Gehrig's, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, and Huntington's disease, all result in part from a defect in autophagy -- one way a cell removes and recycles misfolded proteins and pathogens. Researchers show for the first time that the formation of ephemeral compartments key in this process require actin polymerization by a complex of seven proteins, which creates 'comet tails.'
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, American Cancer Society

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
SLEEP 2015
College students who binge drink have more delayed sleep timing, variable sleep schedules
A new study suggests that students who initiate and/or continue drinking and engage in binge drinking in college have more delayed sleep timing and more variable sleep schedules.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Lynn Celmer
American Academy of Sleep Medicine

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
Child Neuropsychology
Movement in ADHD may help children think, perform better in school
The constant movement of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be distracting -- but the fidgeting also may improve their cognitive performance, a study by researchers with the UC Davis MIND Institute has found.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Children's Miracle Network, UC Davis MIND Institute Pilot Grant, MIND Institute Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center

Contact: Phyllis K. Brown
University of California - Davis Health System

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
JAMA Psychiatry
Youth on the autism spectrum overly sensitive to sensory stimuli have brains that react differently
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, a team of UCLA researchers has shown for the first time that children with autism spectrum disorder who are overly sensitive to sensory stimuli have brains that react differently.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Center for Research Resources, National Research Service

Contact: Kim Irwin
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 9-Jun-2015
Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Early intervention improves long-term outcomes for children with autism
Early intervention for toddlers with autism spectrum disorder helps improve their intellectual ability and reduces autism symptoms years after originally getting treatment, a new study shows.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Autism Center of Excellence, Autism Speaks

Contact: Michelle Ma
University of Washington

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Nature Neuroscience
Been there? Done that? If you are sure, thank your 'memory cells'
The witness on the stand says he saw the accused at the scene of the crime. Is he sure? How sure? The jury's verdict could hinge on that level of certainty. Many decisions we make every day are influenced by our memories and the confidence we have in them. But very little is known about how we decide whether we can trust a memory or not. A new Cedars-Sinai study provides some of the answers.
The Cedars-Sinai Department of Neurosurgery, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health Conte Center at Caltech, Pfeiffer Research Foundation

Contact: Sandy Van
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 3-Jun-2015
Long-term memory formation
A team of NYU neuroscientists has determined how a pair of growth factor molecules contributes to long-term memory formation.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 2-Jun-2015
Psychological Science
Kids' altruism linked with better physiological regulation, less family wealth
Children as young as four years old may reap better health from altruistic giving, a behavior that tends to be less common among kids from high-income families, according to new research on the nature and nurture of altruism published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Fetzer Institute

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 2-Jun-2015
Maternal use of antidepressants found to pose little risk to newborn
In new findings published in JAMA on June 2, 2015, researchers demonstrate that while the possibility of an increased risk of PPHN associated with maternal use of antidepressants in late pregnancy cannot be entirely excluded, the absolute risk is small and the risk increase, if present, appears more modest than suggested in previous studies.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Elaine St. Peter
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 28-May-2015
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Research links impulsivity and binge eating
Do you get impulsive when you're upset? If so, this could be putting you at risk for binge eating. According to Kelly Klump, professor of psychology at Michigan State University and senior author, the more impulsive you are, the more likely it is you'll binge eat when experiencing negative feelings.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Kim Ward
Michigan State University

Public Release: 28-May-2015
How we make emotional decisions
MIT neuroscientists identify a brain circuit that controls decisions that induce high anxiety.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, CHDI Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, US Army Research Office, Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia and Parkinson Foundation, and William N. and Bernice E. Bumpus Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Motivation and Emotion
Friendships start better with a smile
If you want to strike up a new relationship, simply smile. It works because people are much more attuned to positive emotions when forming new bonds than they are to negative ones. Don't try to fake it, however, because people can recognize a sincere smile a mile away. This is according to a study that sheds light on how relationships are formed and maintained. The findings are published in Springer's journal Motivation and Emotion.
National Science Foundation, Graduate Opportunity Fellowship at UCBerkeley, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Joan Robinson

Public Release: 19-May-2015
JAMA Pediatrics
Suicide trends in school-aged children reveal racial disparity
While suicide rates in children younger than 12 have remained steady for the past 20 years, a new study published in JAMA Pediatrics is the first to observe higher suicide rates among black children.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Shilo Rea
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 13-May-2015
European Journal of Epidemiology
No link found between PTSD and cancer risk
In the largest study to date that examines post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a risk factor for cancer, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine, have shown no evidence of an association.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Gina DiGravio
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 12-May-2015
Nature Genetics
Family genetics study reveals new clues to autism risk
A study of almost 2,400 children with autism, their parents and unaffected siblings has provided new insights into the genetics of the condition. Researchers found that certain inherited mutations that truncate the formation of proteins were more common in children with autism, compared to their unaffected brothers and sisters. These gene variations were more likely to be passed from mothers with no signs of the disorder to sons, who then developed the condition.
Simons Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Database of Autism Research

Contact: Leila Gray
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 6-May-2015
NIMH funds major schizophrenia project
Researchers at the University of Virginia School of Medicine will seek to identify the genetic causes of schizophrenia as part of a major project funded by the National Institute of Mental Health to better understand how genetic variation in brain cells affects human health and disease.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Josh Barney
University of Virginia Health System

Public Release: 5-May-2015
Psychiatric Services
Online training can teach psychotherapists evidence-based treatments, study finds
Psychotherapy treatments can lag years behind what research has shown to be effective because there simply are not enough clinicians trained in new methods. A new study proposes one solution to the problem. The findings show that employing online training programs to teach psychotherapists how to use newer evidence-based treatments can be as successful as in-person instruction.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Mueller Trust

Contact: Warren Robak
RAND Corporation

Public Release: 5-May-2015
Translational Psychiatry
Strategy found for safely prescribing antidepressants to children and adolescents
A multidisciplinary team of Johns Hopkins researchers has developed two new strategies to treat depression in young people using the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor class of medications. These strategies, published May 5 in the journal Translational Psychiatry, incorporate a new understanding of how to mitigate the risk of suicide while on SSRI treatment.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Heather Dewar
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 4-May-2015
'Fuzzy thinking' in depression & bipolar disorder: New research finds effect is real
People with depression or bipolar disorder often feel their thinking ability has gotten 'fuzzy', or less sharp than before their symptoms began. Now, researchers have shown in a very large study that effect is indeed real -- and rooted in brain activity differences that show up on advanced brain scans.
National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, University of Michigan Department of Psychiatry Research Committee and fMRI lab, Heinz C. Prechter Bipolar Research Fund at the U-M Depression Center

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Showing releases 51-75 out of 146.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 > >>


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