Over the course of the 20th century, genes began to play a greater role in the height and body mass index (BMI) of Americans, while their significance decreased in educational outcomes and occurrence of heart disease.
Researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine report they have identified a biochemical pathway linking oxidative stress and the amino acid cysteine in Huntington's disease.
A new appreciation for the interplay between two cell nucleus proteins that lead both intertwined and separate lives is helping researchers better understand fatty liver disease.
A Yale research team has designed a system to modify, or edit, multiple genes in the genome simultaneously, while also minimizing unintended effects. The gene-editing 'toolbox' provides a user-friendly solution that scientists can apply to research on cancer and other disciplines, the researchers said.
Researchers studied the relationship between health insurance coverage and tobacco and alcohol use among reproductive age women in the US, and whether there were differences according to pregnancy status. The findings showed that pregnant women with insurance coverage had lower odds of alcohol use in the past month; however the odds of tobacco use were not affected. For non-pregnant women, insurance coverage resulted in higher odds of alcohol use but lower odds of using tobacco.
The value of a healthy lifestyle isn't only reflected by the numbers on the scale or the blood pressure cuff. University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health researchers demonstrated that it can also be measured through improved 'health-related quality-of-life.'
Researchers from Columbia University have found that people with non-celiac wheat sensitivity have a weakened intestinal barrier, which leads to a systemic immune response after ingesting wheat and related cereals.
A newly identified requirement of a modified human protein in ebolavirus replication, may unlock the door for new approaches to treating Ebola.
New research sheds light on a critical decision every newly born cell makes: whether to continue to proliferate or exit the cell-division cycle. In cancer, the equivalent of an 'on' switch is stuck in that position. In healthy cells, the team has discovered, the opposing effects of proteins ORC1 and CDC6 in controlling the level of Cyclin E contributes to the stability of the genome.
An odor identification test may prove useful in predicting cognitive decline and detecting early-stage Alzheimer's disease, according to research presented at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference.