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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 837.

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Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Link seen between seizures and migraines in the brain
Seizures and migraines have always been considered separate physiological events in the brain, but now a team of engineers and neuroscientists looking at the brain from a physics viewpoint discovered a link between these and related phenomena.
National Insitutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Nature
They know the drill: UW leads the league in boring through ice sheets
Hollow coring drills designed and managed by UW-Madison's Ice Drilling Design and Operations program are used to extract ice cores that can analyze the past atmosphere. Shaun Marcott, an assistant professor of geoscience at UW-Madison, was the first author of a paper published today in the journal Nature documenting carbon dioxide in the atmosphere between 23,000 and 9,000 years ago, based on data from an 11,000-foot hole in Antarctica.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kristina Slawny
kristina.slawny@ssec.wisc.edu
608-263-6178
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Nearly $1 million NSF grant will support UT Arlington doctoral students
A new grant from the National Science Foundation will help UT Arlington's Bridge to the Doctorate program increase diversity in science and engineering.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Traci Peterson
tpeterso@uta.edu
817-521-5494
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
IEEE Intelligent Systems
New tech aims to improve communication between dogs and humans
Researchers have developed a suite of technologies that can be used to enhance communication between dogs and humans, which has applications in everything from search and rescue to service dogs to training our pets.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 30-Oct-2014
Science
Emerging disease could wipe out American, European salamanders
A fungal disease from Asia wiped out salamanders in parts of Europe and will likely reach the US through the international wildlife trade in Asian newts sold as pets, say US experts. In an Oct. 31 Science paper, an international team reports the fungus arose in Asia 30 million years ago and is lethal to many European and American newt species. It has not yet been found in North American wild amphibians.
Ghent University Special Research Fund, University of Maryland-Smithsonian Institution Seed Grant, Illinois Department of Natural Resources State Wildlife Grant, National Science Foundation.

Contact: Heather Dewar
hdewar@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Researchers track ammonium source in open ocean
To understand the extent to which human activities are polluting Earth's atmosphere and oceans, it's important to distinguish human-made pollutants from compounds that occur naturally. A new study finds that deposition of ammonium, a source of nitrogen pollution, over the open ocean comes mostly from natural marine sources, and not from human activity.
National Science Foundation, NOAA Climate and Global Change Fellowship Program

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Technology
New technology shows promise for delivery of therapeutics to the brain
The researchers from the Virginia Tech -- Wake Forest University School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences described in their article in Technology published by the World Scientific Publishing Company that they have created 'a tool for blood-barrier-brain disruption that uses bursts of sub-microsecond bipolar pulses to enhance the transfer of large molecules to the brain.'
Golfers Against Cancer, Wake Forest School of Medicine, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lynn Nystrom
tansy@vt.edu
540-231-4371
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Advanced Functional Materials
Gentle caffeine boost for premature babies
Empa researchers have developed a UV-activated membrane which releases a gentle dose of medication to the skin of a patient. In future those who fear injections will be able to sleep soundly, as will premature babies too, since the new dosing technique will spare them additional stress.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Luciano F. Boesel
luciano.boesel@empa.ch
41-587-657-393
Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA)

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Nature
New study shows 3 abrupt pulse of CO2 during last deglaciation
A new study shows that the rise of atmospheric carbon dioxide that contributed to the end of the last ice age more than 10,000 years ago did not occur gradually, but was characterized by three 'pulses' in which C02 rose abruptly.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ed Brook
brooke@geo.oregonstate.edu
541-737-8197
Oregon State University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Boulder team wins International Water Prize
A groundbreaking technological development has been recognized this month with one of the world's most prestigious awards for innovations related to water resources. The research team, including the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research, has developed a way to use GPS to measure soil moisture, snow depth, and vegetation water content.
National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Contact: David Hosansky
hosansky@ucar.edu
303-497-8611
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Taming internet complexity for a more responsive user experience
The key to the future success of the Internet rests squarely on understanding the complex interactions between content providers, content distribution networks and ISPs. and in inventing new architectural and algorithmic mechanisms to coordinate them better. But this is no easy task because the Internet consists of thousands of organizations that often act independently with minimal coordination.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Nucleic Acids Research
Technique uses bacteria's own CRISPR-Cas system to turn off gene
Researchers have developed a technique that co-opts an immune system already present in bacteria and archaea to turn off specific genes or sets of genes -- creating a powerful tool for future research on genetics and related fields.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
UT Arlington School of Social Work receives grant to develop human assistive robot learning network
John Bricout, UT Arlington associate dean for research and community outreach in the School of Social Work, will use a federal grant to develop a human assistive robot learning network.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bridget Lewis
blewis@uta.edu
817-272-3317
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Marine Ecology Progress Series
University of Delaware study connects penguin chick weights to local weather conditions
Antarctica's Adélie penguins live in one of the most rapidly warming areas on Earth. A UD study connects chick weights to local weather.
NOAA-National Marine Fisheries Service, NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Donna O'Brien
dobrien@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Rice team sets sights on better voting machine
At the urging of county election officials in Austin, Texas, a group of Rice University engineers and social scientists has pulled together a team of US experts to head off a little-known yet looming crisis facing elections officials nationwide.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of the American Chemical Society
'Sticky' ends start synthetic collagen growth
Researchers at Rice University detail how synthetic collagen helices self-assemble into fibers and gels. The discovery could lead to better synthetic materials for medical applications.
National Science Foundation, Robert A. Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Conference Proceedings of the Transportation Research Board
Taxi GPS data helps researchers study Hurricane Sandy's effect on NYC traffic
The largest Atlantic hurricane on record, Hurricane Sandy, offered a chance for researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign to try out a new computational method they developed that promises to help municipalities quantify the resilience of their transportation systems to extreme events using only GPS data from taxis.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dan Work
dbwork@illinois.edu
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Medical Anthropology Quarterly
CWRU researcher finds training officers about mental illness benefits prison's safety
Case Western Reserve University mental health researcher Joseph Galanek spent a cumulative nine months in an Oregon maximum-security prison to learn first-hand how the prison manages inmates with mental illness. What he found, through 430 hours of prison observations and interviews, is that inmates were treated humanely and security was better managed when cell block officers were trained to identify symptoms of mental illness and how to respond to them.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Susan Griffith
susan.griffith@case.edu
216-368-1004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Nature
First time-lapse images of exploding fireball from a 'nova' star
A team of researchers including from the University of Sydney and Georgia State University have captured images of a thermonuclear fireball exploding from a star.
National Science Foundation, Georgia State University

Contact: Verity Leatherdale
verity.leatherdale@sydney.edu.au
61-242-529-6802
University of Sydney

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Angewandte Chemie
Cell membranes self-assemble
A self-driven reaction can assemble phospholipid membranes like those that enclose cells. The new process is specific and non-toxic, and can be used in the presence of biomolecules one might want to study within artificial cells. The technique could also be used to assemble packets for drug delivery.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, NIH/ational Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Susan Brown
sdbrown@ucsd.edu
858-246-0161
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Viral switches share a shape
A hinge in the RNA genome of the virus that causes hepatitis C works like a switch that can be flipped to prevent it from replicating in infected cells. Scientists have discovered that this shape is shared by several other viruses -- among them one that kills cancer cells.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Brown
sdbrown@ucsd.edu
858-246-0161
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 27-Oct-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
UCI scientists identify lesion-healing mechanism in psoriasis
A UC Irvine-led study has revealed the underlying genetic factors that help repair skin lesions caused by psoriasis, which could engender new methods of controlling the lingering condition.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Vasich
tmvasich@uci.edu
949-824-6455
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 26-Oct-2014
Nature Nanotechnology
Breakthrough in molecular electronics paves the way for DNA-based computer circuits in the future
An international group of scientists reports reproducible and quantitative measurements of electricity flow through long molecules made of four DNA strands. These findings signal the most significant breakthrough towards the development of DNA-based electrical circuits in the last decade, paving an original way towards a new generation of computer circuits that can be more sophisticated, cheaper and simpler to make.
European Commission, European Science Foundation, Israel Science Foundation, Binational Science Foundation, Minerva Center for Bio-Hybrid Complex Systems, Hebrew University of Jerusalem/Institute for Advanced Studies, Italian Institute of Technology

Contact: Dov Smith
dovs@savion.huji.ac.il
972-258-82844
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Public Release: 26-Oct-2014
Nature
Georgia State astronomers image the exploding fireball stage of a nova
Astronomers at Georgia State University's Center for High Angular Resolution Astronomy have observed the expanding thermonuclear fireball from a nova that erupted last year in the constellation Delphinus with unprecedented clarity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: LaTina Emerson
lemerson1@gsu.edu
404-413-1353
Georgia State University

Public Release: 26-Oct-2014
Nature Photonics
Turning loss to gain: Cutting power could dramatically boost laser output
Re-examining longstanding beliefs about the physics of lasers, engineers have shown that carefully restricting the delivery of power to certain areas within a laser could boost its output by many orders of magnitude.
National Science Foundation, Defense Advance Research Projects Agency

Contact: Steven Schultz
sschultz@princeton.edu
609-258-3617
Princeton University, Engineering School

Showing releases 1-25 out of 837.

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