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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 847.

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Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Interface
Social circles
An MIT study details the degree to which urban movement is linked to social activity.
Accenture-MIT Alliance in Business Analytics, Center for Complex Engineering Systems at MIT, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Looking into the light
Jon Schuller, professor of electrical and computer engineering, receives an NSF CAREER award to investigate the interactions between light and organic materials.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sonia Fernandez
sonia.fernandez@ucsb.edu
805-893-4765
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Science
Economic models provide insights into global sustainability challenges
Using models that blend global economics, geography, ecology and environmental sciences is essential to understanding how changes in trade and natural systems in one part of the world affect those in another, a review concludes.
National Science Foundation, International Network of Research on Coupled Human and Natural Systems, Michigan State University, Michigan AgBioResearch

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoos@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
How mantis shrimp evolved many shapes with same powerful punch
The miniweight boxing title of the animal world belongs to the mantis shrimp, a cigar-sized crustacean whose front claws can deliver an explosive 60-mile-per-hour blow akin to a bullet leaving the barrel of a gun. A study of 80 million years of mantis shrimp evolution reveals how these fast weapons evolved their dizzying array of shapes -- from spiny and barbed spears to hatchets and hammers -- while still managing to pack their characteristic punch.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Science
Interaction of Atlantic and Pacific oscillations caused 'false pause' in warming
The recent slowdown in climate warming is due, at least in part, to natural oscillations in the climate, according to a team of climate scientists, who add that these oscillations represent variability internal to the climate system. They do not signal any slowdown in human-caused global warming.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Scientific Reports
Amphibian chytrid fungus reaches Madagascar
The chytrid fungus, which is fatal to amphibians, has been detected in Madagascar for the first time. This means that the chytridiomycosis pandemic has now reached a biodiversity hotspot. Researchers from UFZ Leipzig and TU Braunschweig, together with international colleagues, are therefore proposing an emergency plan. This includes monitoring the spread of the pathogenic fungus, building amphibian breeding stations and developing probiotic treatments, say the scientists, writing in Scientific Reports.
National Science Foundation, VolkswagensStiftung, German Research Foundation, Era-Net Network 'BiodivERsA,' EU project RACE

Contact: Dr. Dirk S. Schmeller
dirk.schmeller@ufz.de
49-034-123-53282
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Physical Review Letters
New insight found in black hole collisions
New research by an astrophysicist at The University of Texas at Dallas provides revelations about the most energetic event in the universe -- the merging of two spinning, orbiting black holes into a much larger black hole.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
amanda.siegfried@utdallas.edu
972-883-4335
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Nature Communications
A mollusk of a different stripe
Optical features embedded in marine shells may help develop responsive, transparent displays.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, The Alexander von Humboldt Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Science
World's challenges demand science changes -- and fast, experts say
The world has little use -- and precious little time -- for detached experts. A group of scientists -- each of them experts -- makes a compelling case in this week's Science Magazine that the growing global challenges has rendered sharply segregated expertise obsolete. Disciplinary approaches to crises like air pollution, climate change, food insecurity, and energy and water shortages, are not only ineffective, but also making many of these crises worse.
National Science Foundation Dynamics of Coupled Natural and Human Systems, MacroSystems Biology

Contact: Sue Nichols
Nichols@msu.edu
517-432-0206
Michigan State University

Public Release: 26-Feb-2015
Science
Embrace unknowns, opt for flexibility in environmental policies
Two University of Washington researchers argue in a Science perspectives piece that conservation managers must learn to make decisions about managing ecosystems and natural resources based on an uncertain future.
National Science Foundation, University of Washington

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Molecular feedback loop gives clues to how flowers drop their petals
As Valentine's Day fades into the past, you may be noticing a surfeit of petals accumulate around your vase of flowers. A new study from the University of Missouri sheds new light on the process that governs how and when plants shed their petals, a process known as abscission. The findings are reported this week in the online Early Edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melody Kroll
krollmm@missouri.edu
573-884-4144
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
Nano Letters
Warming up the world of superconductors
Clusters of atoms known as 'superatoms' represent an entirely new family of superconductors -- one that appears to work at temperatures well above standard superconductors.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
Physics Review Letters
UCLA physicists offer a solution to the puzzle of the origin of matter in the universe
Most of the laws of nature treat particles and antiparticles equally, but stars and planets are made of particles, or matter, and not antiparticles, or antimatter. That asymmetry, which favors matter to a very small degree, has puzzled scientists for many years. UCLA physicists offer a possible solution to the mystery of the origin of matter in the universe.
US Department of Energy, World Premier International Research Center Initiative, National Science Foundation

Contact: Stuart Wolpert
swolpert@support.ucla.edu
310-206-0511
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
Environmental Science Water Research & Technology
New technology could make treatment of oil and gas wastewater simpler, cheaper
Oil and gas operations in the United States produce about 21 billion barrels of wastewater per year. The saltiness of the water and the organic contaminants it contains have traditionally made treatment difficult and expensive.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Casey Forrestal
Casey.Forrestal@colorado.edu
303-735-0528
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
NSF grant to impact understanding of vesicle transport system of cells
Wayne State University's Takeshi Sakamoto, biophysicist and assistant professor in the Department of Physics & Astronomy in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, has been awarded the National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Award, the agency's most prestigious award for up-and-coming researchers in science and engineering.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
Nature
Monster black hole discovered at cosmic dawn
The discovery of the brightest quasar in the early universe, powered by the most massive black hole yet known at that time presents a puzzle to researchers: How could something so massive and luminous form so early in the universe, only 900 million years after the Big Bang?
Natural Science Foundation of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences, National KeyBasic Research Program of China, National Science Foundation, People's Government of Yunnan Province, National Astronomical Observatories,

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4402
University of Arizona

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
BioScience
Isolated wetlands have significant impact on water quality
Geographically isolated wetlands play an outsized role in providing clean water and other environmental benefits even though they may lack the regulatory protections of other wetlands, according to an article by Indiana University researchers and colleagues.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Hinnefeld
slhinnef@iu.edu
812-856-3488
Indiana University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2015
Angewandte Chemie
In quest for better lithium-air batteries, chemists boost carbon's stability
Chemists Dunwei Wang, of Boston College, and Wei Fan, of the University of Massachusetts Amherst, report nano-coatings increased the stability of a unique form of carbon, yielding performance gains focused on next generation lithium-air batteries.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Ed Hayward
ed.hayward@bc.edu
617-552-4826
Boston College

Public Release: 24-Feb-2015
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Geysers have loops in their plumbing
University of California Berkeley volcanologist Michael Manga and his students threaded sensors and cameras into the superheated water of geysers in Chile and Yellowstone, and have come up with an explanation for why geysers erupt periodically. They've even built a laboratory geyser that erupts every 20 minutes to prove that loops and bends in the underground plumbing trap steam bubbles that slowly leak out, heating the water above until it suddenly boils from the top down.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 24-Feb-2015
ChemSusChem
Novel pretreatment could cut biofuel costs by 30 percent or more
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by about 30 percent or more by dramatically reducing the amount of enzymes needed to breakdown the raw materials that form biofuels.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-1287
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 24-Feb-2015
Royal Society Interface
Easy on the eyes: How eyelash length keeps your eyes healthy
Georgia Tech study finds that the optimal eyelash length is one-third the width of the eye for humans and 21 other mammals. Anything shorter or longer increases airflow around the eye and leads to more dust hitting the surface.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jason Maderer
maderer@gatech.edu
404-385-2966
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Feb-2015
Physical Review Letters
Ultra-thin nanowires can trap electron 'twisters' that disrupt superconductors
Superconductor materials carry electric current without resistance, but this valuable trait can be crippled by tiny tornado-like formations of electrons called vortices. To keep supercurrents flowing, scientists have figured out how to constrain troublesome vortices by trapping them within extremely short, ultra-thin nanowires.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Phil Sneiderman
prs@jhu.edu
443-997-9907
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2015
Nature Genetics
Key genes for symbiosis between mycorrhiza fungi and trees evolved several times
The life style of ectomycorrhiza fungi is some 100 million years younger than the one of their ancestors within white and brown rot fungi. The key genome adaptation enabling fungi to associate to roots for establishing a symbiosis evolved a repeatedly amount of time. This conclusion was drawn by an international team of researchers who performed the first comprehensive comparative phylogenomic analysis on mycorrhiza fungi, now appearing in the reputed scientific journal Nature Genetics.
Joint Genome Institute, DOE/Genomic Science Program, Laboratory of Excellence ARBRE, Lorraine Region Council, National Science Foundation, German Science Foundation, and others

Contact: Tilo Arnhold
presse@ufz.de
49-341-235-1635
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ

Public Release: 24-Feb-2015
Biology Letters
Boy or girl? Lemur scents have the answer
Dozens of pregnancy myths claim to predict whether a mom-to-be is carrying a boy or a girl. Some say you can tell by the shape of a woman's bump, or whether she craves salty or sweet. Even ultrasound doesn't always get it right. But for lemurs, the answer is in the mother's scent.
National Science Foundation, National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, University of California -- Berkeley, Research Council of Norway

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
USF biologists: Reductions in biodiversity can elevate disease risk
Using a combination of experiments, field studies, and mathematical models, University of South Florida biologists and colleagues from four other universities show that having an abundance and diversity of predators -- such as dragonflies, damselflies, and aquatic bugs -- to eat parasites is good for the health of amphibians, a group of animals experiencing worldwide population declines.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Agriculture, US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Jason Rohr
jasonrohr@gmail.com
813-974-0156
University of South Florida (USF Health)

Showing releases 1-25 out of 847.

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