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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 818.

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Public Release: 22-May-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Deciphering clues to prehistoric climate changes locked in cave deposits
Jessica Oster and her colleagues have shown that the analysis of a stalagmite from a cave in north east India can detect the link between El Nino conditions in the Pacific Ocean and the Indian monsoon.
National Science Foundation, Cave Research Foundation, Geological Society of America, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: David Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 22-May-2015
Nonfriction literature
Friction and wear costs the US at least $500 billion every year. The National Science Foundation is supporting joint Lehigh-DuPont research into tribology through the GOALI Program, Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jordan Reese
jor310@lehigh.edu
610-758-6656
Lehigh University

Public Release: 22-May-2015
SIGGRAPH 2015 Los Angeles
New computational technique advances color 3D printing process
Columbia Engineering professor Changxi Zheng has developed a technique that enables hydrographic printing, a widely used industrial method for transferring color inks on a thin film to the surface of 3D objects, to color these surfaces with the most precise alignment ever attained. His new computational method, which simulates the printing process and predicts color film distortion during hydrographic immersion, generates a colored film that guarantees exact alignment of the surface textures to the object.
National Science Foundation, Intel

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
347-453-7408
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 22-May-2015
Nature Communications
This Slinky lookalike 'hyperlens' helps us see tiny objects
It looks like a Slinky suspended in motion. Yet this photonics advancement -- called a metamaterial hyperlens -- doesn't climb down stairs. Instead, it improves our ability to see tiny objects.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
716-645-4614
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 21-May-2015
International Conference on Robotics and Automation
Robot masters new skills through trial and error
UC Berkeley researchers have developed algorithms that enable robots to learn motor tasks through trial and error using a process that more closely approximates the way humans learn, marking a major milestone in the field of artificial intelligence.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Office of Naval Research, US Army Research Laboratory, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 21-May-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Penn researchers show that mental 'map' and 'compass' are two separate systems
In a new study in mice, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have shown that mental 'map' and 'compass' systems work independently. A cue that unambiguously provided both types of information allowed the mice to determine their location but not the direction they were facing.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 21-May-2015
Animal Behaviour
Lowly 'new girl' chimps form stronger female bonds
Low-ranking 'new girl' chimpanzees seek out other gal pals with similar status, finds a new study. The results are based on 38 years' worth of daily records for 53 adult females in Gombe National Park, Tanzania, where Jane Goodall first started studying chimpanzees in the 1960s. The researchers are still working out whether the low-ranking pairs are true buddies, friends of convenience, or merely acquaintances.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Jane Goodall Institute

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 21-May-2015
Advanced Materials
Mission possible: This device will self-destruct when heated
Where do electronics go when they die? Most devices are laid to eternal rest in landfills. But what if they just dissolved away, or broke down to their molecular components so that the material could be recycled? University of Illinois researchers have developed heat-triggered self-destructing electronic devices, a step toward greatly reducing electronic waste and boosting sustainability in device manufacturing. They also developed a radio-controlled trigger that could remotely activate self-destruction on demand.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
eahlberg@illinois.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 21-May-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Symbiosis turns messy in 13-year cicadas
Bacteria that live in the guts of cicadas have split into many separate but interdependent species in a strange evolutionary phenomenon that leaves them reliant on a bloated genome, a new paper by CIFAR Associate Fellow John McCutcheon's lab (University of Montana) has found.
National Institutes of Health, M. J. Murdoch Charitable Trust, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lindsay Jolivet
lindsay.jolivet@cifar.ca
416-971-4876
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research

Public Release: 21-May-2015
Science
Partly human yeast show a common ancestor's lasting legacy
Despite a billion years of evolution separating humans from the baker's yeast in their refrigerators, hundreds of genes from an ancestor that the two species have in common live on nearly unchanged in them both, say biologists at The University of Texas at Austin. The team created thriving strains of genetically engineered yeast using human genes and found that certain groups of genes are surprisingly stable over evolutionary time.
Cancer Prevention Research Institute of Texas, National Institutes of Health, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation

Contact: Marc Airhart
mairhart@austin.utexas.edu
512-232-1066
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 20-May-2015
National designation for USF to turn research into commercial products, launch start-ups
The University of South Florida has been named an I-Corps Site by the National Science Foundation, becoming the second site in Florida and one of only three dozen institutions around the country to earn the prestigious designation. USF will receive nearly $300,000 to build, train, and mentor teams of USF faculty and students to become successful entrepreneurs and commercialize their ideas over the next three years.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Judy Lowry
jhlowry@usf.edu
813-974-3181
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Public Release: 20-May-2015
American Journal of Botany
Study reveals how eastern US forests came to be
Spring visitors to Great Smoky Mountains or the Blue Ridge Parkway will see ridges and valleys covered in flowering mountain laurels, rhododendrons, tulip poplars, dogwoods, black locusts and silverbell trees. A new study of nearly all the trees and shrubs in the southern Appalachians suggests that roughly half of the species can trace their relatives to thousands of miles away in Asia. Most of the rest likely arose within North America, the researchers say.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 20-May-2015
Researchers help video gamers play in the cloud without guzzling gigabytes
Gamers might one day be able to enjoy the same graphics-intensive fast-action video games they play on their gaming consoles or personal computers from mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets without guzzling gigabytes, thanks to a new tool developed by researchers at Duke University and Microsoft Research. Named 'Kahawai' after the Hawaiian word for stream, the tool delivers graphics and gameplay on par with conventional cloud-gaming, while using one sixth of the bandwidth.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 20-May-2015
Scientists tackle mystery of thunderstorms that strike at night
From June 1 through July 15, NCAR researchers and their colleagues from across North America will fan out each evening across the Great Plains to study the mysterious phenomenon of nighttime thunderstorms.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, US Department of Energy

Contact: David Hosansky
hosansky@ucar.edu
303-497-8611
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 20-May-2015
New era of astronomy as gravitational wave hunt begins
Australian scientists are in the hunt for the last missing piece of Einstein's General Theory of Relativity, gravitational waves, as the Advanced LIGO Project in the United States comes online. LIGO (the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatories) aims to find gravitational waves, ripples in the fabric of space and time caused by the most violent events in the universe such as supernovae or collisions between black holes.
National Science Foundation, Australian Research Council, UK Science and Technology Facilities Council, Max Planck Society

Contact: Daniel Shaddock
61-261-252-810
Australian National University

Public Release: 20-May-2015
Nature
New class of swelling magnets have the potential to energize the world
A new class of magnets that expand their volume when placed in a magnetic field and generate negligible amounts of wasteful heat during energy harvesting, has been discovered. This transformative breakthrough has the potential to not only displace existing technologies but create altogether new applications due to the unusual combination of magnetic properties.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Preston M. Moretz
pmoretz@temple.edu
215-204-4380
Temple University

Public Release: 20-May-2015
Nature
Caltech astronomers observe a supernova colliding with its companion star
On May 3, 2014, Caltech astronomers working on a robotic observing system known as the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory discovered a Type Ia supernova -- supernova known as 'standardizable candles' because they allow astronomers to gauge cosmic distances -- located 300 million light-years away. The data collected offer unprecedented insight into the origin of this type of supernovae, and suggest the possibility that it actually comes in two distinct varieties.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
debwms@caltech.edu
626-395-3227
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 19-May-2015
Ecology Letters
Bugs and slugs ideal houseguests for seagrass health
A simultaneous experiment spanning 15 sites across the Northern Hemisphere shows biodiversity is as important as reducing fertilizer runoff for valuable seagrass ecosystems.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pamela Reynolds
plreynolds@ucdavis.edu
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 19-May-2015
Language Variation and Change
Thinking alike changes the conversation
As social creatures, we tend to mimic each other's posture, laughter, and other behaviors, including how we speak. Now a new study shows that people with similar views tend to more closely mirror, or align, each other's speech patterns. In addition, people who are better at compromising align more closely.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship, National Science Foundation

Contact: Monique Patenaude
monique.patenaude@rochester.edu
585-355-7906
University of Rochester

Public Release: 19-May-2015
Nature Nanotechnology
Nature inspires first artificial molecular pump
Using nature for inspiration, Northwestern University scientists are the first to develop an entirely artificial molecular pump, in which molecules pump other molecules. The machine mimics the pumping mechanism of proteins that move small molecules around living cells to metabolize and store energy from food. The pump draws its power from chemical reactions, driving molecules step-by-step from a low-energy state to a high-energy state. The pump one day might be used to power other molecular machines, such as artificial muscles.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 18-May-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
University of Montana research finds evidence of non-adaptive evolution within cicadas
University of Montana Assistant Professor John McCutcheon has once again discovered something new about the complex and intriguing inner workings of the cicada insect. The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences recently published his findings online. In a paper titled 'Genome expansion by lineage splitting and genome reduction in the cicada endosymbiont Hodgkinia,' McCutcheon and his team found that the nutritional symbionts living inside long-living cicadas have become a lot more complicated. And it's not necessarily a good thing for the insect.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: John McCutcheon
john.mccutcheon@umontana.edu
406-243-6071
The University of Montana

Public Release: 18-May-2015
UMD scientist to develop virtual 'CyberHeart' to test, improve implantable cardiac devices
A University of Maryland expert in the model-based testing of embedded software is working to accelerate the development of improved implantable medical devices used in the treatment of heart disease. W. Rance Cleaveland, a professor of computer science, is part of a multi-institutional team developing a 'CyberHeart' -- a sophisticated digital platform used for patient-specific testing of current devices like pacemakers, as well as prototyping the next generation of implantable cardiac devices now under development.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Ventsias
tomvent@umiacs.umd.edu
301-405-5933
University of Maryland

Public Release: 18-May-2015
Nature Climate Change
Exposure of US population to extreme heat could quadruple by mid-century
US residents' exposure to extreme heat could increase four- to six-fold by mid-century, due to both a warming climate and a population that's growing especially fast in the hottest regions of the country, according to new research by NCAR scientists.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: David Hosansky
hosansky@ucar.edu
303-497-8611
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 18-May-2015
Nature Geoscience
OU geologist collaborates on study to determine mechanism associated with fault weakening
A University of Oklahoma structural geologist and collaborators are studying earthquake instability and the mechanisms associated with fault weakening during slip. The mechanism of this weakening is central to understanding earthquake sliding.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jana Smith
jana.smith@ou.edu
405-325-1322
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 18-May-2015
Psychological Science
Imagination beats practice in boosting visual search performance
Practice may not make perfect, but visualization might. New research shows that people who imagined a visual target before having to pick it out of a group of distracting items were faster at finding the target than those who did an actual practice run beforehand. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Showing releases 1-25 out of 818.

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