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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 895.

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Public Release: 4-May-2016
Scientific Reports
Engineers create a better way to boil water -- with industrial, electronics applications
Engineers at Oregon State University have found a new way to induce and control boiling bubble formation, that may allow everything from industrial-sized boilers to advanced electronics to work better and last longer.
Oregon State University/Venture Development Fund, National Science Foundation

Contact: Chih-hung Chang
changch@che.orst.edu
541-737-8548
Oregon State University

Public Release: 4-May-2016
Science Advances
Study finds ice isn't being lost from Greenland's interior
Scientists studying data from the top of the Greenland ice sheet have discovered that during winter in the center of the world's largest island, temperature inversions and other low-level atmospheric phenomena effectively isolate the ice surface from the atmosphere -- recycling water vapor and halting the loss or gain of ice.
National Science Foundation, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Program, Danish Council for Independent Research

Contact: Bill Burton
burton@uic.edu
312-996-2269
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 4-May-2016
Nature Materials
Made better through science: Calcite tuned to be mollusk-tough
Cornell researchers, together with a team from the University of Leeds, have jointly led an expansive, years-long international collaboration that has resulted in a paper detailing the ability to control and increase resistance to deformation in pure calcite through the introduction of amino acids.
National Science Foundation, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Daryl Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 4-May-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Similarities in species diversity and range in both terrestrial birds and marine bivalves
An unusual new study led by researchers from the University of Chicago shows that while terrestrial birds and marine bivalves -- animals such as scallops, mussels, cockles, and oysters -- share a common pattern of species richness across latitudes, they arrive there quite differently.
NASA, National Science Foundation, Slovak VEGA Agency

Contact: Matt Wood
matthew.wood@uchospitals.edu
773-702-5894
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 4-May-2016
Nature
Humans have faster metabolism than closely related primates, enabling larger brains
Loyola University Chicago researchers are among the co-authors of a groundbreaking study that found humans have a higher metabolism rate than closely related primates, which enabled humans to evolve larger brains. The findings may point toward strategies for combating obesity.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Leakey Foundation, Wenner-Gren Foundation, University of Arizona, Hunter College

Contact: Jim Ritter
jritter@lumc.edu
708-216-2445
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 4-May-2016
Climatic Change
How to talk about climate change so people will act
What can you do about climate change? The better question might be: What can we? UC San Diego study suggests that framing the issue collectively is significantly more effective than emphasis on personal responsibility.
National Science Foundation, Skoll Global Threats Fund

Contact: Inga Kiderra
ikiderra@ucsd.edu
858-822-0661
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 4-May-2016
Nature
JILA extends laser 'combing' method to identify large, complex molecules
JILA physicists have extended the capability of their powerful laser 'combing' technique to identify the structures of large, complex molecules of the sort found in explosives, pharmaceuticals, fuels and the gases around stars.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, NIH/National Institute of Standards and Technology, National Science Foundation

Contact: Laura Ost
laura.ost@nist.gov
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 3-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
ASU scientists discover how one microorganism erodes coral reefs
Researchers from Arizona State University have discovered how a particular type of cyanobacteria, a photosynthetic microbe, is able to bore into and live within solid carbonates, the main mineral that makes up coral skeletons and seashells -- hastening their erosion and causing trouble for shellfish farmers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sandra Leander
sandra.leander@asu.edu
480-965-9865
Arizona State University

Public Release: 3-May-2016
UM researcher lands CAREER grant to improve mass spectrometry
Mass spectrometry is a technique used to identify the chemical makeup of a given sample, and University of Montana researcher Robert Smith just earned funding that may improve the process.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Smith, UM computer science assistant professor
robert2.smith@umontana.edu
406-243-2833
The University of Montana

Public Release: 3-May-2016
Molecular Ecology
'Eve' and descendants shape global sperm whale population structure
Although sperm whales have not been driven to the brink of extinction as have some other whales, a new study has found a remarkable lack of diversity in the maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA within the species.
Mamie Markham Award, Lylian Brucefield Reynolds Award, International Fulbright Science & Technology, US Department of Defense, National Science Foundation

Contact: Scott Baker
scott.baker@oregonstate.edu
541-867-0255
Oregon State University

Public Release: 3-May-2016
UTSA professor receives grant to create more versatile legged robots
Pranav Bhounsule, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has received a $160,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to continue his top-tier research on bipedal robots. Bhounsule, head of UTSA's Robotics and Motion Laboratory, plans to create algorithms that enable legged robots to balance themselves while handling difficult terrain, an asset most robots currently lack.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joanna Carver
mallratbitsy@gmail.com
210-612-4211
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 3-May-2016
Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth
UNC-Chapel Hill scientists find likely cause for recent southeast US earthquakes
The southeastern United States should, by all means, be relatively quiet in terms of seismic activity. It's located in the interior of the North American Plate, far away from plate boundaries where earthquakes usually occur. But the area has seen some notable seismic events -- most recently, the 2011 magnitude-5.8 earthquake near Mineral, Virginia that shook the nation's capital.
National Science Foundation EarthScopeProgram, American Recoveryand Reinvestment Act of 2009

Contact: Thania Benios
thania_benios@unc.edu
919-962-8596
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Public Release: 3-May-2016
Nature Communications
Scientists reveal how cell corrects errors made in gene transcription
The dynamics of the RNA polymerase II (Pol II) backtracking process is poorly understood. HKUST scientists built a Markov State Model from extensive molecular dynamics simulations to identify metastable intermediate states and the dynamics of backtracking at atomistic detail. The results reveal that Pol II backtracking occurs in a stepwise mode where two intermediate states are involved.
Hong Kong Research Grants Council, National Science Foundation of China, Kimmel Scholars award, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, UCSD Academic Senate Research Award, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

Contact: Yui Kong heung
sherryno@ust.hk
852-235-86317
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Public Release: 3-May-2016
Optica
An experiment seeks to make quantum physics visible to the naked eye
Predictions from quantum physics have been confirmed by countless experiments, but no one has yet detected the quantum physical effect of entanglement directly with the naked eye. This should now be possible thanks to an experiment proposed by a team around a theoretical physicist at the University of Basel. The experiment might pave the way for new applications in quantum physics.
Swiss National Science Foundation, National Center of Competence in Research in Quantum Science and Technology, John Templeton Foundation

Contact: Reto Caluori
reto.caluori@unibas.ch
41-612-672-495
University of Basel

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Social Neuroscience
Children react physically to stress from their social networks
Research has shown the significance of social relationships in influencing adult human behavior and health; however, little is known about how children's perception of their social networks correlates with stress and how it may influence development. Now, a University of Missouri research team has determined that children and adolescents physically react to their social networks and the stress those networks may cause.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences
Hurricanes key to carbon uptake by forests
New research reveals that the increase in forest photosynthesis and growth made possible by tropical cyclones in the southeastern United States captures hundreds of times more carbon than is released by all vehicles in the US in a given year.
National Science Foundation, NOAA

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
New study found ocean acidification may be impacting coral reefs in the Florida keys
MIAMI -- In a new study, University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science researchers found that the limestone that forms the foundation of coral reefs along the Florida Reef Tract is dissolving during the fall and winter months on many reefs in the Florida Keys. The research showed that the upper Florida Keys were the most impacted by the annual loss of reef.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Nature Nanotechnology
Making invisible physics visible
Physicists create a radically new sensor technology that captures nanoscale images with precise spatial resolution and sensitivity.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers Award, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's Quantum-Assisted Sensing and Readout Program, National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Cohen
805-893-7220
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Engineering student wins NSF research fellowship
A University of Houston student set to graduate this spring has been awarded a graduate research fellowship from the National Science Foundation, propelling him toward a graduate degree in chemical engineering.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
jekever@uh.edu
713-743-0778
University of Houston

Public Release: 2-May-2016
International Journal of Human-Computer Studies
New tech uses hardware, software to train dogs more efficiently
Researchers have developed and used a customized suite of technologies that allows a computer to train a dog autonomously, with the computer effectively responding to the dog based on the dog's body language
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Californian sudden oak death epidemic 'unstoppable,' new epidemics must be managed earlier
New research shows the sudden oak death epidemic in California cannot now be stopped, but that its tremendous ecological and economic impacts could have been greatly reduced if control had been started earlier. The research also identifies new strategies to enhance control of future epidemics, including identifying where and how to fell trees, as 'there will be a next time.'
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Hayward
jennifer.hayward@admin.cam.ac.uk
122-374-8174
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Nature Physics
How DNA can take on the properties of sand or toothpaste
When does DNA behave like sand or toothpaste? When the genetic material is so densely packed within a virus, it can behave like grains of sand or toothpaste in a tube. That's essentially what biophysicists at UC San Diego discovered when they began closely examining the physical properties of DNA jammed inside viruses
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kim McDonald
kmcdonald@ucsd.edu
858-534-7572
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Nature Neuroscience
Neuroscientists find evidence for 'visual stereotyping'
The stereotypes we hold can influence our brain's visual system, prompting us to see others' faces in ways that conform to these stereotypes, neuroscientists at New York University have found.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Indiana University researchers find Earth may be home to 1 trillion species
Earth could contain nearly 1 trillion species, with only one-thousandth of 1 percent now identified, according to a study from biologists at Indiana University. The estimate, based on the intersection of large datasets and universal scaling laws, appears today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 29-Apr-2016
Advanced Optical Materials
Light-powered 3-D printer creates terahertz lens
Created from a 3-D printed metamaterial, the new lens could be used for biomedical research and security imaging.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Showing releases 1-25 out of 895.

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