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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 1-25 out of 911.

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Public Release: 27-Nov-2015
Science Advances
Soil pulled from deep under Oregon's unglaciated Coast Range unveils frosty past climate
Lush greenery rich in Douglas fir and hemlock trees covers the Triangle Lake valley of the Oregon Coast Range. Today, however, geologists are more focused on sediment samples dating back 50,000 years and which show the region, not covered by glaciers in the last ice age, was frost-covered and endured erosion rates must higher than those seen today.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 26-Nov-2015
Coming to a monitor near you: A defect-free, molecule-thick film
A research team led by engineers at UC Berkeley and Berkeley Lab has found a simple way to fix defects in atomically thin monolayer semiconductors. The development could open doors to transparent LED displays, ultra-high efficiency solar cells, photo detectors and nanoscale transistors.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation Center for Energy Efficient Electronics and Science at UC Berkeley, Samsung, Center for Low Energy System Technology

Contact: Sarah Yang
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 25-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Closing the loop on an HIV escape mechanism
A collaborative six-university research team finds that the motion of a specific protein in a human cell regulates whether HIV will infect other cells. The finding may lead to promising new ways to thwart the virus that causes AIDS.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
University of Delaware

Public Release: 25-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Peering into cell structures where neurodiseases emerge
In the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a Univeristy of Delaware-led research team reveals for the first time -- atom by atom -- the structure of CAP-Gly, a protein that binds to the latticework of microtubules in your cells. When mutations occur in CAP-Gly, neurological diseases and disorders occur, including Perry syndrome and distal spinal bulbar muscular dystrophy.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
University of Delaware

Public Release: 25-Nov-2015
Scientific Reports
Penn researchers discover why E. coli move faster in syrup-like fluids than in water
Swimming in a pool of syrup would be difficult for most people, but for bacteria like E. coli, it's easier than swimming in water. Scientists have known for decades that these cells move faster and farther in viscoelastic fluids, such as the saliva, mucus, and other bodily fluids they are likely to call home, but didn't understand why. New findings could inform disease models and treatments, or even help design microscopic swimming robots.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 25-Nov-2015
Osteoarthritis finding sheds new light on HA injection controversy
A discovery by Cornell University bioengineers is shedding new light on the controversy surrounding a common treatment for osteoarthritis that has divided the medical community over its effectiveness.
National Science Foundation, National Institute of Health

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
Cornell University

Public Release: 25-Nov-2015
MECP2 duplication syndrome is reversible
Research led by Huda Zoghbi, M.D., at Baylor College of Medicine and HHMI and published today in the journal Nature reveals that the MECP2 Duplication Syndrome is reversible. Importantly the study paves the way for treating duplication patients with an antisense oligonucleotide strategy.
Rett Syndrome Research Trust, National Institutes of Health, Carl C. Anderson, Sr. and Marie Jo Anderson Charitable Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Science Foundation, Baylor Intellectual Disabilities Research Center

Contact: Monica Coenraads
Rett Syndrome Research Trust

Public Release: 25-Nov-2015
Discovery could open door to frozen preservation of tissues, whole organs
Researchers have discovered a new approach to 'vitrification,' or ice-free cryopreservation, that could ultimately allow a much wider use of extreme cold to preserve tissues and even organs for later use.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Adam Higgins
Oregon State University

Public Release: 25-Nov-2015
'Material universe' yields surprising new particle
An international team of researchers has predicted the existence of a new type of particle called the type-II Weyl fermion in metallic materials. The discovery suggests a range of potential applications, from low-energy devices to efficient transistors.
Microsoft Research, Swiss National Science Foundation/National Competence Center in Research MARVEL, European Research Council/ERC Advanced Grant SIMCOFE, Office of Naval Research Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative etc.

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 24-Nov-2015
Nano Letters
New 'self-healing' gel makes electronics more flexible
Researchers in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin have developed a first-of-its-kind self-healing gel that repairs and connects electronic circuits.
National Science Foundation, American Chemical Society, Welch Foundation and 3M

Contact: Ashley Lindstrom
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 24-Nov-2015
UTA engineer to build device to capture lost heat energy
A University of Texas at Arlington engineer is co-leading a team that is seeking ways to harness heat energy lost from automobiles, buildings and other devices.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 24-Nov-2015
Rice wins $2.4 million to study many-antenna wireless
Rice University researchers have won $2.4 million from the National Science Foundation to conduct the most extensive experimental research yet of wireless technology that uses 100 or more antennas per base station to send tightly focused beams of data to each user, even as they move.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 24-Nov-2015
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Chemical design made easier
Rice University scientists have developed a metal-free process for the rapid synthesis of elusive small-molecule catalysts that promise to speed the making of novel chemicals, including drugs.
Rice University, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Robert A. Welch Foundation, Amgen

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Connector hubs' are the champions of brain coordination
Swinging a bat at a 90-mph fastball requires keen visual, cognitive and motor skills. But how do diverse brain networks coordinate well enough to hit the ball? A new University of California, Berkeley, study suggests the human brain's aptitude and versatility can be credited in large part to 'connector hubs,' which filter and route information.
National Institute of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Yasmin Anwar
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Engineering empathy: Faculty works to build empathy into engineering program
When Mark Hain decided to leave his job as an emergency medical technician to pursue a degree in environmental engineering at the University of Georgia, he assumed he would immediately get his hands dirty designing and building projects. Instead, he found himself in a design course analyzing and discussing in detail how his work as an engineer might impact others -- and questioning whether certain projects should be built at all.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Stephanie Schupska
University of Georgia

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Climate can grind mountains faster than they can be rebuilt, study indicates
Researchers for the first time have attempted to measure all the material leaving and entering a mountain range over millions of years and discovered that glacial erosion can, under the right circumstances, wear down mountains faster than plate tectonics can build them.
National Science Foundation, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program

Contact: Alan Mix
Oregon State University

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Next-generation infrared detectors win NSF funding
Scientists at Rochester Institute of Technology and Raytheon Vision Systems are getting closer to developing infrared detectors grown on silicon wafers for ground-based astronomy. Other application areas -- such as homeland security, remote sensing and biomedical imaging -- could also benefit from the technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Nature Communications
Tandem solar cells are simply better
Stacking two solar cells one over the other has advantages: Because the energy is 'harvested' in two stages, and overall the sunlight can be converted to electricity more efficiently. Empa researchers have come up with a procedure that makes it possible to produce thin film tandem solar cells in which a thin perovskite layer is used. The processing of perovskite takes place at just 50 degrees Celsius and such a process is potentially applicable for low cost roll-to-roll production in future.
Swiss National Science Foundation, SNF-NanoTera and Swiss Federal Office of Energy, Competence Center for Energy and Mobility

Contact: Dr. Ayodhya N. Tiwari
Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA)

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Plant Cell
Penn biologists characterize new form of mRNA regulation
In a new report in the journal Plant Cell, University of Pennsylvania biologists used material from both humans and plants to examine chemical modifications to messenger RNA, or mRNA, finding that the modifications appear to play a significant role in the process by which mRNAs either survive and become translated into protein or are targeted for degradation.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Journal of Human Evolution
New species of early anthropoid primate found amid Libyan strife
A team based at the University of Kansas last week published a description of a previously unknown anthropoid primate -- a forerunner of today's monkeys, apes and humans -- in the Journal of Human Evolution. They've dubbed their new find Apidium zuetina.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Mountain ranges evolve and respond to Earth's climate, study shows
Groundbreaking new research has shown that erosion caused by glaciation during ice ages can, in the right circumstances, wear down mountains faster than plate tectonics can build them.
National Science Foundation, Integrated Ocean Drilling Program

Contact: Duncan Sandes
University of Exeter

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
No lens? No problem for FlatCam
Rice University engineers introduce FlatCam, an extremely thin, lens-less camera system that uses sophisticated algorithms to record images and videos. It may enable such novel applications as large format, flexible and curved sensors.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Ancient genomes reveal natural selection in action
Genomic analysis of ancient human remains identifies specific genes that changed during and after the transition in Europe from hunting and gathering to farming about 8,500 years ago. Many of the genes are associated with height, immunity, lactose digestion, light skin pigmentation, blue eye color and celiac disease risk.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Irish Research Council/European Research Council, Australian Research Council, German Research Foundation, Human Frontier Science Program, Russian Foundation for Basic Research

Contact: David Cameron
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Nature Geoscience
Stretchy slabs found in the deep Earth
The study suggests that the common belief that the Earth's rigid tectonic plates stay strong when they slide under another plate, known as subduction, may not be universal.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Glenn Harris
University of Southampton

Public Release: 23-Nov-2015
Nature Nanotechnology
Using light-force to study single molecules
Scientists at EPFL show how a light-induced force can amplify the sensitivity and resolution of a technique used to study single molecules.
European Research Committee, NCCR of Quantum Engineering, Swiss National Science Foundation, Curie Institute, Max Planck-EPFL Center for Molecular Nanoscience and Technology

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Showing releases 1-25 out of 911.

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