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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 854.

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Public Release: 8-Oct-2015
Physical Review B
Caution: Shrinks when warm
Most materials swell when warm, and shrink when cool. But some weird materials do the opposite. Although thermal expansion, and the cracking and warping that often result, occurs everyday -- in buildings, electronics, and almost anything else exposed to wide temperature swings -- physicists have trouble explaining why solids behave that way. New research into a material that has negative thermal expansion may lead to a better understanding of why materials change volume with temperature at all.
National Science Foundation, Vicerrectoria de Investigacion, US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Kim Krieger
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 8-Oct-2015
Study: Fracking industry wells associated with premature birth
Expectant mothers who live near active natural gas wells operated by the fracking industry in Pennsylvania are at an increased risk of giving birth prematurely and for having high-risk pregnancies, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.
NIh/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Heath & Society Scholars Program, National Science Foundation Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 8-Oct-2015
NYU physicist Gershow receives NSF CAREER award
Marc Gershow, an assistant professor in NYU's Department of Physics, has received a National Science Foundation CAREER award, which will support research aimed at gaining new insights into the sense of smell.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 8-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
Room temperature magnetic skyrmions, a new type of digital memory?
An exotic, swirling object with the sci-fi name of a 'magnetic skyrmion' could be the future of nanoelectronics and memory storage. Physicists at UC Davis and the National Institute of Standards and Technology have now succeeded in making magnetic skyrmions, formerly found at temperatures close to absolute zero, at room temperature.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 8-Oct-2015
NSF grant funds purchase of new high-performance computer
A grant from the National Science Foundation will provide University of Houston research groups with faster computational power and offer invaluable training benefits for students. The $950,000 Major Research Instrument grant funds the purchase of a new high-performance computer that will be equipped with new technology, called accelerators, which promises to be the prevailing trend of the future.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Merkl
University of Houston

Public Release: 8-Oct-2015
Biology Letters
New study shows that varying walking pace burns more calories
Engineering researchers at the Ohio State University have found that walking at varying speeds can burn up to 20 percent more calories compared to maintaining a steady pace.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Candi Clevenger
Ohio State University

Public Release: 8-Oct-2015
The father effect
Inheritance is not just a matter of DNA. That's what a McGill University-led team has discovered. They believe that proteins known as histones, which have attracted relatively little attention until now, may play a crucial role in the process of transmitting a father's life experiences to his offspring and could play a determining role in the health of his children and grandchildren .
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Genome Quebec, the Reseau de Reproduction Quebecois, Fonds de recherche Nature et technologies, Boehringer Ingelheim Fond, Swiss National Science Foundation, Novartis Research Foundation

Contact: Sarah Kimmins
McGill University

Public Release: 8-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
NIST, UC Davis scientists float new approach to creating computer memory
A research team has created the exotic ring-shaped magnetic effects called skyrmions under ambient room conditions for the first time. The achievement brings skyrmions a step closer to use in real-world data storage as well as other novel magnetic and electronic technologies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Chad Boutin
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 8-Oct-2015
American Journal of Human Genetics
Genetic variation is key to fighting viruses
Using a genome-wide association study, EPFL scientists have identified subtle genetic changes that can cause substantial differences to how we fight viral infections.
Max Planck Society, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 7-Oct-2015
Student collaboration leads to first results describing sick sea star immune response
A group of marine-disease researchers from around the country has contributed key information about sea stars' immune response when infected with a virus that is thought to cause a deadly wasting disease. It's the first time researchers have tracked how genes behave when encountering this naturally occurring pathogen.
National Science Foundation's Ecology of Infectious Marine Diseases Research Coordination Network Workshop

Contact: Michelle Ma
University of Washington

Public Release: 7-Oct-2015
Royal Society Open Science
Research points to possible fungal control for leaf-cutter ants
Biologists from Rice University, the University of Texas at Austin and São Paulo State University in Brazil have found new types of specialized fungal parasites that attack the nests of leaf-cutter ants and their relatives. The discovery could provide clues for controlling the agricultural and garden pests.
São Paulo Research Support Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 7-Oct-2015
'Bootstrap' math/computer science curriculum gets $1.5 million from NSF
Bootstrap is a curriculum that helps kids learn algebra as they program their own video games. A new $1.5-million grant from the National Science Foundation will help researchers refine the curriculum and train more teachers to use it.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 7-Oct-2015
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics
Preventive care drops when government cuts close women's health clinics, research says
When women's health clinics close because of government funding cuts aimed at abortion providers, fewer women seek lifesaving preventive care that can identify health threats such as cancer, research from the University of Kansas shows. The findings also suggest that a clinic's closure affected less-educated women the most.
National Science Foundation, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Contact: Christine Metz Howard
University of Kansas

Public Release: 7-Oct-2015
Journal of Applied Remote Sensing
Remote sensing technology used to map habitat of monkey with hominid-like behavior
Scientists interested in the early-hominid-like behavior of capuchin monkeys in Brazil are concerned that the animals will lose critical habitat with the expansion of industrial agriculture in their region. An article by researchers from the University of Maryland, the University of Georgia, and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center describes the use of remote sensing technology in mapping capuchin habitat, in the current issue of the Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics.
National Science Foundation, American Society of Primatologists

Contact: Amy Nelson
SPIE--International Society for Optics and Photonics

Public Release: 6-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
How the brain's wiring leads to cognitive control
By using structural imaging techniques to convert brain scans into 'wiring diagrams' of connections between brain regions, researchers used the structure of these neural networks to reveal the fundamental rules that govern which parts of the brain are most able to exert 'cognitive control' over thoughts and actions.
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Public Health Service

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 6-Oct-2015
Project aims to help brain fix itself
A multidisciplinary team of Rice University scientists backed by the National Science Foundation studies how neuronal networks form in the brain. They hope to learn how to manipulate natural systems to help treat stroke and neurodegenerative disease.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
Slow and fast, but not furious -- NYU researchers trace how birds, fish go with the flow
Fish and birds, when moving in groups, could use two 'gears' -- one slow and another fast -- in ways that conserve energy, a team of NYU researchers has concluded. Its findings offer new insights into the contours of air and water flows -- knowledge that could be used to develop more energy-efficient modes of transportation.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Institute for Complex Adaptive Matter

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2015
Physical Review Letters
Laser-wielding physicists seize control of atoms' behavior
Physicists have wondered in recent years if they could control how atoms interact using light. Now they know that they can, by demonstrating games of quantum billiards with unusual new rules.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office

Contact: Steve Koppes
University of Chicago

Public Release: 5-Oct-2015
OU engineering professor leads NSF grant on infrastructure resilience
Whether it is malicious or an act of Mother Nature, an infrastructure attack could cripple the nation as more people depend on the interconnected services such as water, electricity, communication, transportation and health care.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen Kelly
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 5-Oct-2015
NSF PIRE grant to translate science of language learning to education
Speaking two or more languages makes minds more open to learning and more flexible, and a $5 million dollar grant over five years from the National Science Foundation's Partnerships in International Research and Education aims to translate the science of language learning for education and the classroom.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 5-Oct-2015
Advanced Materials
Research improves efficiency from larger perovskite solar cells
Perovskite solar cells are cheaper to make than traditional silicon cells and their electricity conversion efficiency is improving rapidly. To be commercially viable, perovskite cells need to scale up from lab size. Researchers from Brown and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory report a method for making perovskite cells larger while maintaining efficiency.
Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2015
True colors: Using molecular analysis to clarify dino color claims
How do we know that the melanosomes found in the fossils are actually melanosomes and not something else, like leftover impressions from the microbes (some of which also make melanin) that coated the feather during its decay and preservation?
National Science Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: Tracey Peake
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2015
Nature Neuroscience
Training by repetition actually prevents learning for those with autism
A new study published in Nature Neuroscience shows that training individuals with ASD to acquire new information by repeating the information actually harms their ability to apply that learned knowledge to other situations. This finding, by an international research team, challenges the popular educational approaches designed for ASD individuals that focus on repetition and drills.
The US-Israel Binational Science Foundation, Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative

Contact: Shilo Rea
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ancestors of land plants were wired to make the leap to shore
The genetic and developmental innovations plants used to make the leap to land have been enduring secrets of nature. Now, an international team of researchers, writing this week (Oct. 5, 2015) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, reveals that the aquatic algae from which terrestrial plant life first arose were genetically pre-adapted to form the symbiotic relationships with microorganisms that most land plants need to acquire nutrients from the soil.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jean-Michel Ane
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 5-Oct-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ancient alga knew how to survive on land before it left water & evolved into first plant
A team of scientists from the John Innes Centre, the University of Wisconsin - Madison and other international collaborators, has discovered how an ancient alga was able to inhabit land, before it went on to evolve into the world's first plant and colonize the earth.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, National Science Foundation

Contact: Geraldine Platten
John Innes Centre

Showing releases 1-25 out of 854.

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