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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 101-125 out of 826.

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Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Comorbid conditions associated with worse lung cancer survival
Lung cancer patients with comorbid conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, or congestive heart failure had a higher risk of death than lung cancer patients without comorbid conditions.
Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute, Veterans Health Administration, Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services, UNMC College of Public Health, National Science Foundation, CDC Public Health Infrastructure

Contact: Lauren Riley
lauren.riley@aacr.org
215-446-7155
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
Science
Variations in atmospheric oxygen levels shaped Earth's climate through the ages
Variations in the amount of oxygen in Earth's atmosphere significantly altered global climate throughout the planet's history. Efforts to reconstruct past climates must include this previously overlooked factor, a new University of Michigan-led study concludes.
National Science Foundation/Sedimentary Geology and Paleobiology Program and Marine Geology and Geophysics Program

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
734-647-1842
University of Michigan

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
Science
Study examines 'joiners' who help make startups successful
Research highlighted this week in the journal Science analyzes a class of 'joiners,' employees who support the founders of startup companies. The joiners resemble founders in their willingness to take risks and their desire for the freedom of a startup, but there are important differences.
Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
Science
How the hawkmoth sees, hovers and tracks flowers in the dark
Using high-speed infrared cameras and robotic flowers, scientists have learned how the hawkmoth juggles the complex sensing and control challenges of seeing in the dark, hovering in mid-air and tracking moving flowers. The work shows that the creatures can slow their brains to improve vision under low-light conditions -- while continuing to perform demanding tasks.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Jun-2015
Neuron
Serotonin receptor is involved in eczema and other itch conditions
Scratching the itch of eczema, researchers have identified the serotonin receptor HTR7 as a key mediator of eczema and other forms of chronic itch. Eczema affects some 10 percent of the population and can involve intense, frequent itching and a flaming red rash. There is no cure and treatments are often not effective. The research, in mice, points to targets for new treatments and helps explain why itch can be a side effect of antidepressants.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kris Rebillot
krebillot@buckinstitute.org
415-209-2080
Buck Institute for Age Research

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
Marine Pollution Bulletin
New tool better protects beachgoers from harmful bacteria levels
An international team, led by researchers at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, has developed a new, timelier method to identify harmful bacteria levels on recreational beaches. The new model provides beach managers with a better prediction tool to identify when closures are required to protect beachgoers from harmful contaminates in the water.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
Applied Optics
University of Cincinnati, industry partners develop low-cost, 'tunable' window tintings
Technology developed by the University of Cincinnati and industry partners can do something that neither blinds nor existing smart windows can do. This patent-pending research, supported by the National Science Foundation, will lead to low-cost window tinting which dynamically adapts for brightness, color temperatures and opacity (to provide for privacy while allowing light in).
National Science Foundation

Contact: M.B. Reilly
reillymb@ucmail.uc.edu
513-556-1824
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
Physical Review Letters
MIT team creates ultracold molecules
Experimental physicists at MIT have successfully cooled molecules in a gas of sodium potassium to a temperature of 500 nanokelvins -- just a hair above absolute zero, and over a million times colder than interstellar space. The researchers found that the ultracold molecules were relatively long-lived and stable, resisting reactive collisions with other molecules. The molecules also exhibited very strong dipole moments -- strong imbalances in electric charge within molecules that mediate magnet-like forces between molecules over large distances.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Army Research Office, and The David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
Nano Energy
Binghamton engineer creates origami battery
Origami, the Japanese art of paper folding, can be used to create beautiful birds, frogs and other small sculptures. Now a Binghamton University engineer says the technique can be applied to building batteries, too.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ryan Yarosh
607-777-2174
Binghamton University

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
PLOS ONE
Gold-standard clinical trials fail to capture how behavior changes influence treatment
Double-blind clinical trials for new drugs are considered the 'gold standard' of medical research but one effect these trials fail to measure is how a medication's performance can vary based on patients' lifestyle choices, according to a new study in PLOS ONE. Researchers from Princeton University, the California Institute of Technology and Cambridge University propose a new trial design that can measure such interactions between behavior and treatment.
National Science Foundation

Contact: B. Rose Huber
brhuber@princeton.edu
609-258-0157
Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Public Release: 10-Jun-2015
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Boreal peatlands not a global warming time bomb
To some scientists studying climate change, boreal peatlands are considered a potential ticking time bomb. With huge stores of carbon in peat, the fear is that rising global temperatures could cause the release of massive amounts of CO2 from the peatlands into the atmosphere -- essentially creating a greenhouse gas feedback loop. A new study by researchers at the University of South Carolina and University of California Los Angeles challenges that notion.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Stensland
stenslan@mailbox.sc.edu
803-777-3686
University of South Carolina

Public Release: 9-Jun-2015
ACS Central Science
Researchers turn to the ocean to help unravel the mysteries of cloud formation
In a study published today in ACS Central Science, a research team led by University of Wisconsin-Madison chemistry professor Timothy Bertram peels back the mysteries of the structures of tiny aerosol particles at the surface of the ocean. The work shows how the particles' chemical composition influences their abilities to take in moisture from the air, which indicates whether the particle will help to form a cloud -- a key to many basic problems in climate prediction.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Timothy Bertram
tbertram@chem.wisc.edu
608-890-3422
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 9-Jun-2015
Nucleic Acids Research
Many experiments for the price of one -- a breakthrough in the study of gene regulation
Inside every cell that makes up a diminutive fruit fly is a vast, dynamic network of information -- the genome whose 15,000 genes allow that cell to function. In a study recently published as a breakthrough article in Nucleic Acid Research, computer scientists and molecular biologists demonstrated the utility of a novel approach to deciphering how networks of genes are regulated.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Cohen Graduate Fellowship

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
nvasi@illinois.edu
Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 9-Jun-2015
New Phytologist
Tree root research confirms that different morphologies produce similar results
Despite markedly different root morphologies and resulting disparities in nutrient-uptake processes, forest trees of different lineages show comparable efficiency in acquiring soil nutrients, according to researchers in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 9-Jun-2015
European Journal of Neuroscience
WSU Spokane researchers isolate smallest unit of sleep to date
Washington State University Spokane scientists have grown a tiny group of brain cells that can be induced to fall asleep, wake up and even show rebound sleep after 'staying up late.' The study -- the first to document that sleep originates in small neural networks -- opens the door to deeper understanding of the genetic, molecular and electrical aspects underlying sleep disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disease and Stroke, National Science Foundation

Contact: James M. Krueger
krueger@vetmed.wsu.edu
509-358-7808
Washington State University

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Ecological Society of America awarded NSF funding to retain diversity
The National Science Foundation has awarded a $597,643 grant to the Ecological Society of America's Strategies for Ecology Education, Diversity and Sustainability program, supporting a three-pronged approach to increase diversity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Teresa Mourad
teresa@esa.org
202-833-8773 x234
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
UT Arlington's new NSF center and industry partnership aims to lower infrastructure costs
A new National Science Foundation center at the University of Texas at Arlington will determine how to best use composite materials to extend the life-cycle of civil infrastructure, resulting in less maintenance and lower costs to taxpayers.
National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Cognition
Chimpanzees may know when they are right and move to prove it
Chimpanzees are capable of metacognition, or thinking about one's own thinking, and can adjust their behavior accordingly, researchers at Georgia State University, Agnes Scott College, Wofford College and the University at Buffalo, the State University of New York have discovered.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: LaTina Emerson
lemerson1@gsu.edu
404-413-1353
Georgia State University

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Making organic molecules in hydrothermal vents in the absence of life
For more than a decade, the scientific community has postulated that methane could be spontaneously produced by chemical reactions between hydrogen from hydrothermal vent fluid and carbon dioxide. New research by geochemists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution is the first to show that methane formation does not occur during the relatively quick fluid circulation process, despite extraordinarily high hydrogen contents in the waters.
NASA, National Science Foundation, NOAA, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Contact: WHOI Media Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Scientific Reports
Crossing a critical threshold in optical communications
Researchers from Lehigh University, Japan and Canada have advanced a step closer to the dream of all-optical data transmission by building and demonstrating what they call the 'world's first fully functioning single crystal waveguide in glass.' In an article published in Scientific Reports, the group said it had employed ultrafast femtosecond lasers to produce a three-dimensional single crystal capable of guiding light waves through glass with little loss of light.
National Science Foundation, Lehigh University's International Materials Institute for New Functionality in Glass

Contact: Jordan Reese
jor310@lehigh.edu
610-758-6656
Lehigh University

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences
California Academy of Sciences discovers 100 new species in the Philippines
Scientists from the California Academy of Sciences are celebrating World Ocean's Day with a slew of brand new marine discoveries -- more than 100 species that are likely new to science. Mysterious live animals from dimly-lit, deep-water reefs were also collected for a new exhibit at the Academy's Steinhart Aquarium, expected to open in the summer of 2016.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Haley Bowling
hbowling@calacademy.org
415-379-5123
California Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Nanomaterial self-assembly imaged in real time
A team of researchers from UC San Diego, Florida State University and Pacific Northwest National Laboratories has for the first time visualized the growth of 'nanoscale' chemical complexes in real time, demonstrating that processes in liquids at the scale of one-billionth of a meter can be documented as they happen.
US Department of Energy, US Department of Defense, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim McDonald
kmcdonald@ucsd.edu
858-534-7572
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 8-Jun-2015
Scientific Reports
The shape of a perfect fire
In a study published in Nature Scientific Reports, Adrian Bejan of Duke University shows that, all other variables being equal, the best fires are roughly as tall as they are wide. This is why, he argues, everyone has built fires that basically look the same since the dawn of time, allowing humanity to master fire and migrate across the globe.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 5-Jun-2015
PLOS ONE
Fruit fly genetics reveal pesticide resistance and insight into cancer
Thomas Werner at Michigan Technological University has bridged the miniscule and the massive in an effort to better understand the mechanisms behind several unique features of fruit fly genes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Thomas Werner
twerner@mtu.edu
906-487-1209
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 5-Jun-2015
Science Advances
Diverse coral communities persist, but bioerosion escalates in Palau's low-pH waters
A new study led by scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) found that the coral reefs in Palau seem to be defying the odds, showing none of the predicted responses to low pH except for an increase in bioerosion -- the physical breakdown of coral skeletons by boring organisms such as mollusks and worms. The paper is published June 5 in the journal Science Advances.
National Science Foundation's Division of Ocean Sciences, The Dalio Foundation, Inc., The Tiffany & Co. Foundation, The Nature Conservancy, the WHOI Access to the Sea Fund

Contact: WHOI Media Relations Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Showing releases 101-125 out of 826.

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