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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 101-125 out of 752.

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Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Global Change Biology
Deforestation of sandy soils a greater climate threat
A new Yale-led study finds that tree removal has far greater consequences for climate change in some soils than in others, a finding that could provide key insights into which ecosystems should be managed with extra care.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
kevin.dennehy@yale.edu
203-436-4842
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Connection Science
Computers teach each other Pac-Man
Researchers in Washington State University's School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science have developed a method to allow a computer to give advice and teach skills to another computer in a way that mimics how a real teacher and student might interact.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew E. Taylor
taylorm@eecs.wsu.edu
509-335-6457
Washington State University

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Ancient nomads spread earliest domestic grains along Silk Road, study finds
Charred grains of barley, millet and wheat deposited nearly 5,000 years ago at campsites in the high plains of Kazakhstan show that nomadic sheepherders played a surprisingly important role in the early spread of domesticated crops throughout a mountainous east-west corridor along the historic Silk Road, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis.
National Science Foundation, Lambda Alpha National Honor Society, Mary Morris-Stein Foundation

Contact: Gerry Everding
gerry_everding@wustl.edu
314-935-6375
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
'Touched' female cockroaches reproduce faster
To speed up reproduction, there's no substitute for the tender touch of a live cockroach. That's the major takeaway from a North Carolina State University study examining whether artificial antennae -- in this case, duck feathers -- can mimic a cockroach antenna's capacity to hasten reproduction in cockroach females.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: Coby Schal
coby@ncsu.edu
919-515-1821
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Electrical engineering professor Javad Lavaei wins NSF Career Award
Javad Lavaei, assistant professor of electrical engineering, has won a National Science Foundation CAREER Award for his research on electrical power networks. The five-year, $400,000 award, National Science Foundation's preeminent recognition of exceptional junior faculty, will support his project, 'High-Performance Optimization Methods for Power Systems.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
347-453-7408
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Computer science professor Roxana Geambasu wins NSF CAREER Award
Roxana Geambasu, assistant professor of computer science, has won a National Science Foundation CAREER Award for her proposal to create new data protection abstractions for modern operating systems. The five-year, $499,000 grant, the most prestigious National Science Foundation award to recognize outstanding junior faculty, will help fund her project, 'New Abstractions for Responsible Sensitive Data Management in Modern Operating Systems.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
346-453-7408
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
UIC chemist awarded international sustainability grant
A University of Illinois at Chicago chemistry professor will lead the US effort in a three-nation project to develop efficient catalytic methods that replace rare metals with abundant and inexpensive metals such as iron and copper.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeanne Galatzer-Levy
jgala@uic.edu
312-996-1583
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
The Plant Cell
New functions for 'junk' DNA?
DNA encodes the information necessary to make all the proteins in a cell, but the vast majority of the DNA in a cell is non-coding DNA, in the past sometimes referred to as 'junk' DNA. Recent research published in The Plant Cell has identified non-coding DNA sequences that are found in nearly all plants and appear to have roles in basic processes such as tissue and organ development, response to hormones, and regulation of gene expression.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tyrone Spady
tspady@aspb.org
301-296-0934
American Society of Plant Biologists

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Climate Dynamics
Warming climate may spread drying to a third of earth, says study
A new study published this month in the journal Climate Dynamics estimates that 12 percent of land will be subject to drought by 2100 through rainfall changes alone; but the drying will spread to 30 percent of land if higher evaporation rates are considered. An increase in evaporative drying means that even regions expected to get more rain, including important wheat, corn and rice belts in the western United States and southeastern China, will be at risk of drought.
NOAA, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim Martineau
kmartine@ldeo.columbia.edu
646-717-0134
The Earth Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Where to get Viagra news? (Really, this isn't spam)
Do you want information on Viagra or ibuprofen? Check out general social networks such as Twitter and Pinterest. Interested in sleep disorders or depression? You're better off going to specialized health social networks such as WebMD or drugs.com.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-1287
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Work and Occupations
Academic workplace bias against parents hurts nonparents too
A new study from Rice University and the UC, San Diego, shows that university workplace bias against scientists and engineers who use flexible work arrangements may increase employee dissatisfaction and turnover even for people who don't have children.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
NYU physicist to study star deaths using stellar forensics under NSF CAREER Award
New York University physicist Maryam Modjaz will study the explosions of stars using a method she calls 'stellar forensics' under a National Science Foundation CAREER Award.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ancient whodunit may be solved: The microbes did it!
Methane-producing microbes may be responsible for the largest mass extinction in Earth's history.
NASA, National Science Foundation, Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Self-healing engineered muscle grown in the laboratory
Biomedical engineers at Duke University have grown living skeletal muscle that contracts powerfully and rapidly, integrates quickly into mice, and for the first time, demonstrates the ability to heal itself both inside the laboratory and inside an animal.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 30-Mar-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Scientists pinpoint why we miss subtle visual changes, and why it keeps us sane
Ever notice how Harry Potter's T-shirt abruptly changes from a crewneck to a henley shirt in 'The Order of the Phoenix,' or how in 'Pretty Woman,' Julia Roberts' croissant inexplicably morphs into a pancake? Don't worry if you missed those continuity bloopers. Vision scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have discovered an upside to the brain mechanism that can blind us to subtle changes in movies and in the real world.
National Insitutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Yasmin Anwar
yanwar@berkeley.edu
510-643-7944
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 30-Mar-2014
Nature Nanotechnology
Heat-conducting polymer cools hot electronic devices at 200 degrees C
By harnessing an electropolymerization process to produce aligned arrays of polymer nanofibers, researchers have developed a thermal interface material able to conduct heat 20 times better than the original polymer. The material can operate at up to 200 degrees Celsius.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 30-Mar-2014
Nature Geoscience
Earth's dynamic interior
Seeking to better understand the composition of the lowermost part of Earth's mantle, a team of Arizona State University researchers has developed new simulations that depict the dynamics of deep Earth.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nikki Cassis
ncassis@asu.edu
602-710-7169
Arizona State University

Public Release: 28-Mar-2014
Nature Nanotechnology
Fabricating nanostructures with silk could make clean rooms green rooms
Tufts University engineers have demonstrated that it is possible to generate nanostructures from silk in an environmentally friendly process that uses water as a developing agent and standard fabrication techniques. This approach provides a green alternative to the toxic materials commonly used in nanofabrication while delivering fabrication quality comparable to conventional synthetic polymers. Nanofabrication is at the heart of manufacture of semi-conductors and other electronic and photonic devices.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Kim Thurler
kim.thurler@tufts.edu
617-627-3175
Tufts University

Public Release: 28-Mar-2014
Scientific Reports
Rainbow-catching waveguide could revolutionize energy technologies
Breakthrough photonics research at the University at Buffalo. could lead to more efficient photovoltaic cells, improved radar and stealth technology and a new way to recycle waste heat generated by machines into energy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 28-Mar-2014
Nature Communications
Researchers develop technique to measure engineered nanomaterials delivered to cells
Scientists at the Center for Nanotechnology and Nanotoxicology at Harvard School of Public Health have discovered a fast, simple, and inexpensive method to measure the effective density of engineered nanoparticles in physiological fluids, thereby making it possible to accurately determine the amount of nanomaterials that come into contact with cells and tissue in culture. The method will be published in the March 28, 2014 Nature Communications.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Science Foundation, Harvard School of Public Health/Center for Nanotechnology and Nanotoxicology

Contact: Marge Dwyer
mhdwyer@hsph.harvard.edu
617-432-8416
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 27-Mar-2014
Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association
US clean-air efforts stay on target
National efforts in the last decade to clear the air of dangerous particulate matter have been so successful that most urban areas have already attained the next benchmark, according to new research by Rice University.
National Science Foundation, NASA Air Quality Applied Sciences Team

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
BioScience
Decline of natural history troubling for science, society
Seventeen North American scientists outline the importance of natural science and call for a revitalization of the practice.
National Science Foundation, University of Washington/College of the Environment

Contact: Sandra Hines
shines@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
Journal of Experimental Biology
Canal between ears helps alligators pinpoint sound
Alligators can accurately pinpoint the source of sounds. But it wasn't clear exactly how they did it because they lack external auditory structures. A new study shows that the alligator's ear is strongly directional because of large, air-filled channels connecting the two middle ears. This configuration is similar in birds, which have an interaural canal that increases directionality.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Danish National Science Foundation, Carlsberg Foundation

Contact: Heather Dewar
hdewar@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
West Virginia chemical spill into Elk River contaminating air and water quality
The complexities and implications of the chemical spill into West Virginia's Elk River keep growing, according to a study led by Virginia Tech professor of civil and environmental engineering Andrea Dietrich.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lynn Nystrom
tansy@vt.edu
540-231-4371
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 26-Mar-2014
BioScience
Natural history must reclaim its place
A group of scientists argues in the April BioScience that the study of natural history has waned in recent decades in developed countries. Declining course requirements and support for herbaria are among the documented evidence. Yet costly mistakes in policy relating to natural resources, agriculture, and health might have been avoided by paying attention to organisms' natural history, and future policies will be improved if natural history knowledge is used and expanded. New technologies offer ways to increase natural history research partnerships.
National Science Foundation, University of Washington, Prescott College, Walker Chair in Natural History, National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis

Contact: Jennifer Williams
jwilliams@aibs.org
703-674-2500 x209
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Showing releases 101-125 out of 752.

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