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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 101-125 out of 952.

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Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Scientists move closer to developing therapeutic window to the brain
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside are bringing their idea for a 'Window to the Brain' transparent skull implant closer to reality through the findings of two studies that are forthcoming in the journals Lasers in Surgery and Medicine and Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
sarah.nightingale@ucr.edu
951-827-4580
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Nature Communications
Disentangling the plant microbiome
With the human population expected to climb from 7.4 billion to more than 11 billion people by 2100, some scientists hope that manipulating the microbial communities in, on and around plants, the plant microbiome, could open up new ways to meet the growing demand for food. But breeding a better microbiome may be easier in some plant tissues and growing conditions than others, finds a study led by researchers at Duke University.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, American Philosophical Society, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Rice wins interdisciplinary 'big data' grant
A National Science Foundation grant will support a research training group that combines the talents of Rice University statistics and computer science students to better handle 'big data' challenges.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Plant Physiology
LobeFinder technology quantifies changes in shape-shifting plant cells
Purdue University researchers have developed an algorithm that quantifies and analyzes shape changes in puzzle piece-shaped plant cells, providing insights into the small-scale processes that control leaf size and crop yield.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoos@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
IEEE Computer
Social exchange app might help turn collaboration into currency
A focus on symmetrical activities -- and smart technology -- may be critical to creating applications that allow people to negotiate transactions with their time, rather than their money, according to Penn State researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence
Advancing self-driving car design, other shared human- and machine-controlled systems
University of Massachusetts Amherst computer science graduate students Kyle Wray and Luis Pineda, with their professor Shlomo Zilberstein, today described a new approach to managing the challenge of transferring control between a human and an autonomous system, in a paper they presented at the International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence in New York City.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
Nature Communications
Researchers develop novel microscope to study the underwater world
A new microscopic imaging system is revealing a never-before-seen view of the underwater world. Researchers from Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego have designed and built a diver-operated underwater microscope to study millimeter-scale processes as they naturally occur on the seafloor.
The W.M. Keck Foundation, National Science Foundation, Link Foundation for Ocean Engineering, US-Israel Binational Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 12-Jul-2016
PLOS Biology
These days fecal transplantation is no joke
Fecal transplants are increasingly being used to treat certain human illnesses and there has been a dramatic increase in animal experiments involving fecal material.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David F Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Nature Methods
Researchers improve method to 'swell' cell structures, bringing details into view
Scientists from the University of Washington recently reported a relatively simple method swell the tiny, complex structures within cells, bringing them within range of a common microscope's resolving range.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Burroughs-Wellcome Fund and University of Washington

Contact: James Urton
jurton@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
ACS Nano
Germs add ripples to make 'groovy' graphene
Graphene, a two-dimensional wonder-material composed of a single layer of carbon atoms linked in a hexagonal chicken-wire pattern, has attracted intense interest for its phenomenal ability to conduct electricity. Now University of Illinois at Chicago researchers have used rod-shaped bacteria -- precisely aligned in an electric field, then vacuum-shrunk under a graphene sheet -- to introduce nanoscale ripples in the material, causing it to conduct electrons differently in perpendicular directions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bill Burton
burton@uic.edu
312-996-2269
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Nature Materials
Reconfiguring active particles into dynamic patterns
Applying an electrostatic imbalance to Janus colloids causes them to self propel into swarms, clusters, and connected chains.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Chemistry of Materials
Researchers develop faster, precise silica coating process for quantum dot nanorods
Materials researchers have fine-tuned a technique that enables them to apply precisely controlled silica coatings to quantum dot nanorods in a day -- up to 21 times faster than previous methods. In addition to saving time, the advance means the quantum dots are less likely to degrade, preserving their advantageous optical properties.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Nature Nanotechnology
Physicists couple distant nuclear spins using a single electron
For the first time, researchers at the University of Basel in Switzerland have coupled the nuclear spins of distant atoms using just a single electron. Three research groups took part in this complex experiment, the results of which have now been published in the journal Nature Nanotechnology.
National Center of Competence in Research Quantum Science and Technology, Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Nanoscience Institute

Contact: Reto Caluori
reto.caluori@unibas.ch
41-612-672-495
University of Basel

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sources, occurrence rate of groundwater methane in Colorado's Denver-Julesburg Basin
The rate of groundwater contamination due to natural gas leakage from oil and gas wells has remained largely unchanged in northeastern Colorado's Denver-Julesburg Basin since 2001, according to a new University of Colorado Boulder study based on public records and historical data.
NSF/AirWaterGas Sustainability Research Network

Contact: Joseph Ryan
joseph.ryan@colorado.edu
303-492-0772
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Developmental Cell
Study shows a new role for B-complex vitamins in promoting stem cell proliferation
Folates can stimulate stem cell proliferation independently of their role as vitamins, according to a collaborative study from the University of Georgia and Tufts University, which used an in vitro culture and animal model system in their findings. Folates, whether supplemental B vitamins or natural folates found in food, are essential for the proper functioning of all cells in the body and are critical to prevent birth defects.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Alan Flurry
aflurry@uga.edu
706-542-3331
University of Georgia

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Nature Nanotechnology
Berkeley Lab scientists grow atomically thin transistors and circuits
In an advance that helps pave the way for next-generation electronics and computing technologies -- and possibly paper-thin gadgets -- scientists with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory developed a way to chemically assemble transistors and circuits that are only a few atoms thick.
Office of Naval Research and National Science Foundation

Contact: Jon Weiner
jrweiner@lbl.gov
510-486-4014
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Changes in primate teeth linked to rise of monkeys
UC Berkeley's Leslea Hlusko searches for simple inherited dental characteristics that could lead to genes controlling tooth development, and has ucovered an easy-to-measure trait that tracks primate evolution over the last 20 million years, shedding light on the mysterious decline of apes and the rise of monkeys 8 million years ago. She concludes that monkeys diversified and took over the dentition niche of the majority of apes. Apes with outlying dentition, including human ancestors, remained.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 8-Jul-2016
Scientific Reports
Ultrashort cell-free DNA reveals health of organ transplants
When cells die, whether through apoptosis or necrosis, the DNA and other molecules found in those cells don't just disappear. They wind up in the blood stream, where degraded bits and pieces can be extracted.
National Science Foundation, Noyce Foundation

Contact: Daryl Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-254-4799
Cornell University

Public Release: 8-Jul-2016
Nature Materials
Setting the gold standard
A team of University of Florida researchers has figured out how gold can be used in crystals grown by light to create nanoparticles, a discovery that has major implications for industry and cancer treatment and could improve the function of pharmaceuticals, medical equipment and solar panels.
Air Force Office of Science Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Wei David Wei
wwei@mail.ufl.edu
352-392-2050
University of Florida

Public Release: 8-Jul-2016
Nature Communications
A 'time switch' in the brain improves sense of smell 
When the brain processes olfactory stimuli, it differentiates between similar smells using subtly modulated signals. Brain examinations and behavioral studies in mice have now shown that neurons with inhibiting characteristics play a key role in this process.
German Research Foundation, NeuroCure Cluster of Excellence, European Research Council, Swiss National Science Foundation, Boehringer Ingelheim Fonds

Contact: Vera Glaßer
vera.glasser@mdc-berlin.de
49-309-406-2120
Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association

Public Release: 7-Jul-2016
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation
Sensing trouble: A new way to detect hidden damage in bridges, roads
University of Delaware engineers Erik Thostenson and Thomas Schumacher have documented a new approach for monitoring the structural health of roads, bridges and other structures. The method, which applies a noninvasive medical imaging technique to a carbon nanotube-based sensor, is reported in the Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation. , is documented in a paper published in the Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation in June.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 7-Jul-2016
Research aims to grasp complexities in plant-pollinator networks across tallgrass prairies
University of Kansas graduate student Kathy Denning has earned a grant from the National Science Foundation to support research centering on molecular genetic analysis of pollen grains recovered from bees across 10 prairie sites in Kansas.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
brendan@ku.edu
785-864-8855
University of Kansas

Public Release: 7-Jul-2016
Nano Letters
University of Illinois researchers demonstrate tunable wetting and adhesion of graphene
Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated doping-induced tunable wetting and adhesion of graphene, revealing new and unique opportunities for advanced coating materials and transducers. The study suggests for the first time that the doping-induced modulation of the charge carrier density in graphene influences its wettability and adhesion.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research/Asian Office of Aerospace Research Development, National Science Foundation

Contact: SungWoo Nam
swnam@illinois.edu
217-300-0267
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 7-Jul-2016
Science
New clues could help scientists harness the power of photosynthesis
A discovery has been made that could enable scientists to design better ways to use light energy and to engineer crop plants that more efficiently harness the energy of the Sun. The identification of a gene needed to expand light harvesting in photosynthesis into the far-red-light spectrum provides clues to the evolution of oxygen-producing photosynthesis, an evolutionary advance that changed the history of life on Earth.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, European Commission Marie Skodowska-Curie Global Fellowship

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
science@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 7-Jul-2016
Current Biology
Like humans, lowly cockroach uses a GPS to get around, scientists find
Rats, men and cockroaches appear to have a similar GPS in their heads that allows them to navigate new surroundings, researchers at Case Western Reserve University report.
National Science Foundation

Contact: William Lubinger
wxl289@case.edu
216-368-4443
Case Western Reserve University

Showing releases 101-125 out of 952.

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