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Back to EurekAlert! A Service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 101-125 out of 891.

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Public Release: 5-May-2016
Scientists watch bacterial sensor respond to light in real time
Researchers have made a giant leap forward in taking snapshots of ultrafast reactions in a bacterial light sensor. Using the world's most powerful X-ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, they were able to see atomic motions as fast as 100 quadrillionths of a second -- 1,000 times faster than ever before.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Helmholtz Association, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Academy of Finland, European Union

Contact: Andrew Gordon
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Sea star juveniles abundant, but recovery is anything but guaranteed
An unprecedented number of juvenile sea stars have been observed off the Oregon coast over the past several months -- just two years after one of the most severe marine ecosystem epidemics in recorded history nearly wiped the population out.
David and Lucile Packard Foundation, National Science Foundation, Kingfisher Foundation, Wayne and Gladys Valley Foundation

Contact: Bruce Menge
Oregon State University

Public Release: 5-May-2016
'Slow' NZ seabed quake sheds light on tsunami-earthquake mechanism
Seismologists recorded a slow slip event in a shallow area of plate boundary at the Hikurangi margin off the northeast shore of New Zealand, showing for the first time that such slippage can occur near troughs. This implies that subduction plates may be accumulating much more stress and strain than previously believed -- before they bounce back to set off tsunami earthquakes.
National Science Foundation, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japan Ministry of Education, Research, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, University of Tokyo Earthquake Research Institute

Contact: Anna Ikarashi
Kyoto University

Public Release: 5-May-2016
World's shallowest slow-motion earthquakes detected offshore of New Zealand
Research published in the May 6 edition of Science indicates that slow-motion earthquakes or 'slow-slip events' can rupture the shallow portion of a fault that also moves in large, tsunami-generating earthquakes. The finding has important implications for assessing tsunami hazards. The discovery was made by conducting the first-ever detailed investigation of centimeter-level seafloor movement at an offshore subduction zone.
National Science Foundation, Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Monica Kortsha
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Extreme rainfall doesn't always mean extreme erosion, Penn study finds
Research by University of Pennsylvania researchers shows that, though extreme precipitation events can greatly increase the amount of water traveling through a river, large storms only move about 50 percent more sediment than a typical rainfall. The overall contribution of these intense rainfalls to erosion, therefore, is smaller than might be expected.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 4-May-2016
Scientific Reports
Engineers create a better way to boil water -- with industrial, electronics applications
Engineers at Oregon State University have found a new way to induce and control boiling bubble formation, that may allow everything from industrial-sized boilers to advanced electronics to work better and last longer.
Oregon State University/Venture Development Fund, National Science Foundation

Contact: Chih-hung Chang
Oregon State University

Public Release: 4-May-2016
Science Advances
Study finds ice isn't being lost from Greenland's interior
Scientists studying data from the top of the Greenland ice sheet have discovered that during winter in the center of the world's largest island, temperature inversions and other low-level atmospheric phenomena effectively isolate the ice surface from the atmosphere -- recycling water vapor and halting the loss or gain of ice.
National Science Foundation, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Program, Danish Council for Independent Research

Contact: Bill Burton
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 4-May-2016
Nature Materials
Made better through science: Calcite tuned to be mollusk-tough
Cornell researchers, together with a team from the University of Leeds, have jointly led an expansive, years-long international collaboration that has resulted in a paper detailing the ability to control and increase resistance to deformation in pure calcite through the introduction of amino acids.
National Science Foundation, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Daryl Lovell
Cornell University

Public Release: 4-May-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Similarities in species diversity and range in both terrestrial birds and marine bivalves
An unusual new study led by researchers from the University of Chicago shows that while terrestrial birds and marine bivalves -- animals such as scallops, mussels, cockles, and oysters -- share a common pattern of species richness across latitudes, they arrive there quite differently.
NASA, National Science Foundation, Slovak VEGA Agency

Contact: Matt Wood
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 4-May-2016
Humans have faster metabolism than closely related primates, enabling larger brains
Loyola University Chicago researchers are among the co-authors of a groundbreaking study that found humans have a higher metabolism rate than closely related primates, which enabled humans to evolve larger brains. The findings may point toward strategies for combating obesity.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Leakey Foundation, Wenner-Gren Foundation, University of Arizona, Hunter College

Contact: Jim Ritter
Loyola University Health System

Public Release: 4-May-2016
Climatic Change
How to talk about climate change so people will act
What can you do about climate change? The better question might be: What can we? UC San Diego study suggests that framing the issue collectively is significantly more effective than emphasis on personal responsibility.
National Science Foundation, Skoll Global Threats Fund

Contact: Inga Kiderra
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 4-May-2016
JILA extends laser 'combing' method to identify large, complex molecules
JILA physicists have extended the capability of their powerful laser 'combing' technique to identify the structures of large, complex molecules of the sort found in explosives, pharmaceuticals, fuels and the gases around stars.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, NIH/National Institute of Standards and Technology, National Science Foundation

Contact: Laura Ost
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 3-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
ASU scientists discover how one microorganism erodes coral reefs
Researchers from Arizona State University have discovered how a particular type of cyanobacteria, a photosynthetic microbe, is able to bore into and live within solid carbonates, the main mineral that makes up coral skeletons and seashells -- hastening their erosion and causing trouble for shellfish farmers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sandra Leander
Arizona State University

Public Release: 3-May-2016
UM researcher lands CAREER grant to improve mass spectrometry
Mass spectrometry is a technique used to identify the chemical makeup of a given sample, and University of Montana researcher Robert Smith just earned funding that may improve the process.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Smith
The University of Montana

Public Release: 3-May-2016
Molecular Ecology
'Eve' and descendants shape global sperm whale population structure
Although sperm whales have not been driven to the brink of extinction as have some other whales, a new study has found a remarkable lack of diversity in the maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA within the species.
Mamie Markham Award, Lylian Brucefield Reynolds Award, International Fulbright Science & Technology, US Department of Defense, National Science Foundation

Contact: Scott Baker
Oregon State University

Public Release: 3-May-2016
UTSA professor receives grant to create more versatile legged robots
Pranav Bhounsule, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has received a $160,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to continue his top-tier research on bipedal robots. Bhounsule, head of UTSA's Robotics and Motion Laboratory, plans to create algorithms that enable legged robots to balance themselves while handling difficult terrain, an asset most robots currently lack.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joanna Carver
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 3-May-2016
Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth
UNC-Chapel Hill scientists find likely cause for recent southeast US earthquakes
The southeastern United States should, by all means, be relatively quiet in terms of seismic activity. It's located in the interior of the North American Plate, far away from plate boundaries where earthquakes usually occur. But the area has seen some notable seismic events -- most recently, the 2011 magnitude-5.8 earthquake near Mineral, Virginia that shook the nation's capital.
National Science Foundation EarthScopeProgram, American Recoveryand Reinvestment Act of 2009

Contact: Thania Benios
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Public Release: 3-May-2016
Nature Communications
Scientists reveal how cell corrects errors made in gene transcription
The dynamics of the RNA polymerase II (Pol II) backtracking process is poorly understood. HKUST scientists built a Markov State Model from extensive molecular dynamics simulations to identify metastable intermediate states and the dynamics of backtracking at atomistic detail. The results reveal that Pol II backtracking occurs in a stepwise mode where two intermediate states are involved.
Hong Kong Research Grants Council, National Science Foundation of China, Kimmel Scholars award, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, UCSD Academic Senate Research Award, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

Contact: Yui Kong heung
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Public Release: 3-May-2016
An experiment seeks to make quantum physics visible to the naked eye
Predictions from quantum physics have been confirmed by countless experiments, but no one has yet detected the quantum physical effect of entanglement directly with the naked eye. This should now be possible thanks to an experiment proposed by a team around a theoretical physicist at the University of Basel. The experiment might pave the way for new applications in quantum physics.
Swiss National Science Foundation, National Center of Competence in Research in Quantum Science and Technology, John Templeton Foundation

Contact: Reto Caluori
University of Basel

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Social Neuroscience
Children react physically to stress from their social networks
Research has shown the significance of social relationships in influencing adult human behavior and health; however, little is known about how children's perception of their social networks correlates with stress and how it may influence development. Now, a University of Missouri research team has determined that children and adolescents physically react to their social networks and the stress those networks may cause.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences
Hurricanes key to carbon uptake by forests
New research reveals that the increase in forest photosynthesis and growth made possible by tropical cyclones in the southeastern United States captures hundreds of times more carbon than is released by all vehicles in the US in a given year.
National Science Foundation, NOAA

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
New study found ocean acidification may be impacting coral reefs in the Florida keys
MIAMI -- In a new study, University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science researchers found that the limestone that forms the foundation of coral reefs along the Florida Reef Tract is dissolving during the fall and winter months on many reefs in the Florida Keys. The research showed that the upper Florida Keys were the most impacted by the annual loss of reef.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Nature Nanotechnology
Making invisible physics visible
Physicists create a radically new sensor technology that captures nanoscale images with precise spatial resolution and sensitivity.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers Award, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's Quantum-Assisted Sensing and Readout Program, National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Cohen
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Engineering student wins NSF research fellowship
A University of Houston student set to graduate this spring has been awarded a graduate research fellowship from the National Science Foundation, propelling him toward a graduate degree in chemical engineering.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 2-May-2016
International Journal of Human-Computer Studies
New tech uses hardware, software to train dogs more efficiently
Researchers have developed and used a customized suite of technologies that allows a computer to train a dog autonomously, with the computer effectively responding to the dog based on the dog's body language
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Showing releases 101-125 out of 891.

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