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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 934.

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Public Release: 13-Jan-2016
Nature Communications
Fires burning in Africa and Asia cause high ozone in tropical Pacific
A new study suggests that the burning of forests and vegetation may play a larger role in climate change than previously realized. Based on aircraft observations, satellite data and models, the findings indicate 'biomass burning' may need to be addressed with future regulations. Following closely after COP21, the results could suggest a need to look at other sources of greenhouse gas emissions, in addition to industrial activities and fossil fuel combustion in industrialized nations.
Natural Environment Research Council, National Science Foundation, NASA, NOAA

Contact: Abby Robinson
University of Maryland

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Microbots individually controlled using 'mini force fields'
Researchers are using a technology likened to 'mini force fields' to independently control individual microrobots operating within groups, an advance aimed at using the tiny machines in areas including manufacturing and medicine.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Emil Venere
Purdue University

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Harmful Algae
Ocean current in Gulf of Mexico linked to red tide
A new study found that a major ocean current in the Gulf of Mexico plays an important role in sustaining Florida red tide blooms. The University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science research team suggest that the position of the Loop Current can serve as an indicator of whether the algal bloom will be sustained, and provide warning of possible hazardous red tide conditions in coastal areas.
The Oceans and Human Health Center at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School, National Science Foundation grant, Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
New book highlights research in emerging field of video bioinformatics
The first book to review the emerging interdisciplinary field of video bioinformatics was published in December by Springer. Titled 'Video Bioinformatics: From Live Imaging to Knowledge,' the book was edited by Bir Bhanu, distinguished professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of California, Riverside, and Prue Talbot, professor of cell biology and director of the Stem Cell Center and Core at UCR.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Plant Ecology and Diversity
CU-Boulder study: Mountains west of Boulder continue to lose ice as climate warms
New research led by the University of Colorado Boulder indicates an ongoing loss of ice on Niwot Ridge and the adjacent Green Lakes Valley in the high mountains west of Boulder is likely to progress as the climate continues to warm.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mark Williams
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Scientific Reports
Uncovering oxygen's role in enhancing red LEDs
Last week, an international group of researchers shed light on oxygen's role in enhancing red LEDs and reported that the quantity and location of oxygen in gallium nitride (GaN) can be fine-tuned to improve the optical performance of europium-doped GaN devices. The group includes researchers from Lehigh, Osaka University in Japan, the Instituto Superior Técnico in Portugal, the University of Mount Union in Ohio, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee.
National Science Foundation, Grant-in-Aid for Creative Scientific Research, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research

Contact: Lori Friedman
Lehigh University

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Psychological Science
Basic ratio capacity may serve as building block for math knowledge
Understanding fractions is a critical mathematical ability, and yet it's one that continues to confound a lot of people well into adulthood. New research finds evidence for an innate ratio processing ability that may play a role in determining our aptitude for understanding fractions and other formal mathematical concepts.
Wisconsin Alumni Research Fund, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Nature Neuroscience
Researchers uncover 'predictive neuron orchestra' behind looking and reaching movements
Different groups of neurons 'predict' the body's subsequent looking and reaching movements, suggesting an orchestration among distinct parts of the brain, a team of neuroscientists has found. The study enhances our understanding of the decision-making process, potentially offering insights into different forms of mental illness -- afflictions in which this dynamic is typically impaired.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Biological Technologies Office

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 49
How black men can succeed in IT careers
Expanding the range of black men's career options in an increasingly technology-oriented world will help alleviate high unemployment and poverty they often experience, according to a study examining the career paths of successful black men in college.
National Science Foundation

Contact: K.D. Joshi
Washington State University

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Poison warmed over
University of Utah lab experiments found that when temperatures get warmer, woodrats suffer a reduced ability to live on their normal diet of toxic creosote -- suggesting that global warming may hurt plant-eating animals.
National Science Foundation, American Society of Mammalogists, Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
University of Utah

Public Release: 11-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Conflict among honey bee genes supports theory of altruism
Using modern genetic approaches, a team of researchers has provided strong support for the long-standing, but hotly debated, evolutionary theory of kin selection, which suggests that altruistic behavior occurs as a way to pass genes to the next generation.
National Science Foundation, John Templeton Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 11-Jan-2016
NSF's iPlant Collaborative rebrands to CyVerse
The National Science Foundation-funded project expands its data management capabilities across several scientific disciplines.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Shelley Littin
University of Arizona

Public Release: 11-Jan-2016
Eftekharnejad secures grant to protect power systems from cyberattacks
Professor Sara Eftekharnejad has been awarded a National Science Foundation grant to investigate securing the smart grid from cyber threats. The findings of this research will establish the foundations for protecting the most critical assets in power grids.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew Wheeler
Syracuse University

Public Release: 11-Jan-2016
Polymer Physics
Polymer puts new medical solutions within reach
Combining the properties of liquid crystals and hydrogels in just the right proportions creates the potential for new materials that have the same mechanical properties as soft tissues in the body. A material that is water-loving and has structure opens up the door the possibility for artificial blood vessels that are mechanically stealth so they wouldn't be viewed as a foreign body. Professor Pat Mather has developed a process that can create this type of a polymer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ariel Duchene
Syracuse University

Public Release: 11-Jan-2016
West Coast study emphasizes challenges faced by marine organisms exposed to global change
Along the West Coast, ocean acidification and hypoxia combine with other factors, such as rising ocean temperatures, to create serious challenges for marine life, a new study finds.
California Ocean Protection Council, California Ocean Science Trust, Oregon State University/Institute for Natural Resources, National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Ma
University of Washington

Public Release: 11-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Single molecule detection of contaminants, explosives or diseases now possible
A technique that combines the ultrasensitivity of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) with a slippery surface invented by Penn State researchers will make it feasible to detect single molecules of a number of chemical and biological species from gaseous, liquid or solid samples. This combination of slippery surface and laser-based spectroscopy will open new applications in analytical chemistry, molecular diagnostics, environmental monitoring and national security.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 11-Jan-2016
Seismological Research Letters
Thousands of landslides in Nepal earthquake raise parallels for Pacific Northwest
An evaluation of the major 7.8 magnitude subduction zone earthquake in Gorkha, Nepal, in April 2015, has identified characteristics that may be of special relevance to the future of the Pacific Northwest. Most striking was the enormous number and severity of landslides.
National Science Foundation, US Geological Survey, United States Agency for International Development

Contact: Ben Mason
Oregon State University

Public Release: 11-Jan-2016
Nature Materials
Squeezing cells into stem cells
EPFL scientists have developed a new method that turns cells into stem cells by 'squeezing' them. The method paves the way for large-scale production of stem cells for medical purposes.
European Union,, European Research Council, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 11-Jan-2016
NCAR announces powerful new supercomputer for scientific discovery
NCAR has selected its next supercomputer for advancing atmospheric and Earth science. The new 5.34-petaflop system will help scientists nationwide lay the groundwork for improved predictions of a range of phenomena, from thunderstorm outbreaks to regional climate changes to the timing of the 11-year solar cycle.
National Science Foundation, State of Wyoming

Contact: Jeff Smith
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 11-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Growth rings on rocks give up North American climate secrets
A team led by UC Berkeley soil scientists use soil deposits that form growth rings on rocks to provide a detailed picture of North American climate over a 120,000-year time span.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Yang
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 8-Jan-2016
Scientific Reports
ASU scientists discover how blue and green clays kill bacteria
ASU scientists have discovered the two key ingredients that give some natural clays the power to kill even antibiotic-resistant microbes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Burnham
Arizona State University

Public Release: 8-Jan-2016
Harnessing computers to create a sustainable future
Harnessing the power of computers to help create an economically, environmentally and socially sustainable future -- that is the purpose of a major new grant issued by the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David F Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 7-Jan-2016
In rainforests, battle for sunlight shapes forest structure
Researchers have discovered that competition for sunlight among rainforest trees leads to the remarkably consistent pattern of tree sizes seen in tropical forests around the globe. The finding, published in the journal Science, could help refine models of how rainforests absorb carbon dioxide and hold back rising global temperatures.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 7-Jan-2016
Applied Physics Letters
Single-chip laser delivers powerful result
Northwestern University researchers have made a breakthrough in mid-infrared semiconductor laser technology that combines tunable wavelength emission with high-output power on a single chip.
Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate, National Science Foundation, Naval Air Systems Command, NASA

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 7-Jan-2016
ACS Nano
Researchers gauge quantum properties of nanotubes, essential for next-gen electronics
Today, a group of scientists from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Lehigh University and Harvard University are reporting on the discovery of an important method for measuring the properties of nanotube materials using a microwave probe.
National Reconnaissance Office Director's Innovation Initiative award, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation Civil Mechanical and Manufacturing Innovation Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry Award

Contact: Lori Friedman
Lehigh University

Showing releases 126-150 out of 934.

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