National Science Foundation
Search NSF News:
 
{NSF_SLIDER}
NSF Main
NSF News
NSF Funded Research News
 
News by Research Area
Arctic & Antarctic
Astronomy & Space
Biology
Chemistry & Materials
Computing
Earth & Environment
Education
Engineering
Mathematics
Nanoscience
People & Society
Physics
 
At nsf.gov
Contacts Page
Multimedia Gallery
Media Advisories
Publications
Special Reports
Awards Search
Science & Engineering Stats
NSF & Congress
About NSF
RSS Feed RSS Feed
Back to EurekAlert! A Service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 925.

[ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 ]

Public Release: 2-Aug-2016
Nature
Bacteria show capacity for rapid, beneficial mutations
Researchers studying tens of thousands of generations of E. coli bacteria report that most new genetic mutations that were passed down were actually beneficial and occurred at much more variable rates than previously thought.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marc Airhart
mairhart@austin.utexas.edu
512-232-1066
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 2-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Patented bioelectrodes have electrifying taste for waste
New research at Michigan State University and published in the current issue of Nature Communications shows how Geobacter bacteria grow as films on electrodes and generate electricity -- a process that's ready to be scaled up to industrial levels.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 2-Aug-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists discover new function of FHY3 in plant meristem determinacy and maintenance
A research group led by Professor Liu Xigang from the Center for Agricultural Resources Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in collaboration with Professor Liu Renyi from the Shanghai Center for Plant Stress Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences of CAS discovered a new function of FAR-RED ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL3 (FHY3) in plant meristem determinacy and maintenance by regulating SEPALLATA2 (SEP2) and CLAVATA3 (CLV3) expression.
National Science Foundation of China, National Basic Research Program of China, Pioneer Hundred Talents Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences

Contact: Liu Xigang
xgliu@sjziam.ac.cn
Chinese Academy of Sciences Headquarters

Public Release: 2-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Crystallization frustration predicts metallic glass formation
Researchers have discovered a way to predict which alloys will form metallic glasses, materials with numerous desirable properties. The research could pave the way for new strong, conductive materials.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
Ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 2-Aug-2016
Scientific Reports
Trees on farms: The missing link in carbon accounting
While tropical forests continued to decline, a remarkable change is happening: tree cover on agricultural land has increased across the globe, capturing nearly 0.75 Gigatonnes carbon dioxide every year. A new study titled Global Tree Cover and Biomass Carbon on Agricultural Land: The contribution of agroforestry to global and national carbon budgets provides insights into the patterns of this tremendous change at global, regional and national scales.
National Key Basic Research Program of China, National Science Foundation China, CGIAR Research Programs on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry and Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security

Contact: Jianchu Xu
J.C.Xu@cgiar.org
86-871-652-23014
World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF)

Public Release: 1-Aug-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Mystery solved: The case of the slipping finger
Researchers discover that ultrasonic vibrations reduce friction on flat screens by causing the fingertip to bounce on pockets of trapped air.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pat Tremmel
p-tremmel@northwestern.edu
847-491-4892
Northwestern University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Trading changes how brain processes selling decisions
Experience in trading changes how the human brain evaluates the sale of goods, muting an economic bias known as the endowment effect in which people demand a higher price to sell a good than they're willing to pay for it. The findings by University of Chicago researchers to be published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences come from a set of experiments on why traders are less susceptible to the effect.
National Science Foundation, University of Chicago, John Templeton Foundation

Contact: Mark Peters
petersm@uchicago.edu
773-702-8356
University of Chicago

Public Release: 1-Aug-2016
Nature
Still changing after all these years
If Paul Simon were to write a song about the bacteria in Richard Lenski's long-term evolution experiment, or LTEE, it could be titled, 'Still Changing After All These Years.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 1-Aug-2016
Science
A new leaf: Scientists turn carbon dioxide back into fuel
In a new study from Argonne and the University of Illinois at Chicago, researchers have found a way to convert carbon dioxide into a usable energy source.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jared Sagoff
jsagoff@anl.gov
630-252-5549
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 1-Aug-2016
Association for Computational Linguistics
Researchers produce first major database of non-native English
After thousands of hours of work, MIT researchers have released the first major database of fully annotated English sentences written by non-native speakers. The researchers who led the project had already shown that the grammatical quirks of non-native speakers writing in English could be a source of linguistic insight. But they hope that their dataset could also lead to applications that would improve computers' handling of spoken or written language of non-native English speakers.
National Science Foundation, MIT's Center for Brains, Minds, and Machines

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Aug-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Lack of water likely caused extinction of isolated Alaska mammoths
A remnant population of woolly mammoths on a remote Alaska island was likely pushed to extinction by rising sea levels and a lack of access to fresh water, according to a newly published study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Richardson
jarichardson6@alaska.edu
907-474-6284
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 1-Aug-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
St. Paul Island mammoths most accurately dated 'prehistoric' extinction ever
While the Minoan culture on Crete was just beginning, woolly mammoths were disappearing from St. Paul Island, Alaska, according to an international team of scientists who have dated this extinction to 5,600 years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 29-Jul-2016
Science Advances
Diamonds help generate new record for static pressures for study
An international team working at the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory has devised a method for achieving 1 terapascal of static pressure -- vastly higher than any previously reached.
BES, National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, DOE/Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, & Biosciences

Contact: Richard Fenner
fenner@anl.gov
630-252-5280
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 29-Jul-2016
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
New fossil evidence supports theory that first mass extinction engineered by early animals
Newly discovered fossil evidence from Namibia strengthens the proposition that the world's first mass extinction was caused by 'ecosystem engineers' -- newly evolved biological organisms that altered the environment so radically it drove older species to extinction.
National Science Foundation, NASA Astrobiology Institute, National Geographic Society

Contact: David F. Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 29-Jul-2016
Nature Materials
Triple-therapy patch delivers local treatment, prevents recurrence in colon cancer model
Investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital have developed a hydrogel patch that can adhere to tumors in a preclinical model of colon cancer, delivering a local, combination treatment as the elastic gel breaks down over time.
National Institutes of Health, Koch Institute, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Haley Bridger
hbridger@partners.org
617-525-6383
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 29-Jul-2016
Journal of the Royal Society Interface
Inflammatory response to ceramic scaffolds promotes bone regeneration
Drexel University researchers have identified how inflammation, when precisely controlled, is crucial to bone repair.
Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, Australian Research Council, Rebecca Cooper Medical Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lauren Ingeno
lingeno@drexel.edu
215-895-2614
Drexel University

Public Release: 29-Jul-2016
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Novel 'repair system' discovered in algae may yield new tools for biotechnology
The algae C. reinhardtii uses a novel system for releasing an interrupting sequence from a protein -- a technique that may be useful for protein purification.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Patricia Waldron
pjw85@cornell.edu
607-254-7476
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 28-Jul-2016
Science
Vortex laser offers hope for Moore's Law
Like a whirlpool, a new light-based communication tool carries data in a swift, circular motion. Described in a study published July 28, 2016, by the journal Science, the optics advancement could become a central component of next generation computers designed to handle society's growing demand for information sharing. It may also be a salve to those fretting over the predicted end of Moore's Law.
US Army Research Office, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
716-645-4614
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 28-Jul-2016
OU physicists developing new systems for next generation solar cells
University of Oklahoma physicists are developing novel technologies with the potential to impact utility-scale energy generation, increase global energy capacity and reduce dependence on fossil fuels by producing a new generation of high efficiency solar cells. The OU team hopes to show that quantum-engineered systems can control thermal losses that restrict the performance of conventional solar cells and harness more of the sun's energy in practical 'hot' carrier solar cells.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jana Smith
jana.smith@ou.edu
405-325-1322
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 28-Jul-2016
Nature Geoscience
Earth's mantle appears to have a driving role in plate tectonics
Deep down below us is a tug of war moving at less than the speed of growing fingernails. Keeping your balance is not a concern, but how the movement happens has been debated among geologists.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 28-Jul-2016
Communication Research
Websites with history can be just as conversational as chatting with a person
A website with search and interaction history can be just as engaging as chatting with an online human agent, or robot helper, according to Penn State researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 28-Jul-2016
Current Biology
No dream: Electric brain stimulation during sleep can boost memory
For the first time, UNC School of Medicine scientists report using transcranial alternating current stimulation, or tACS, to target a specific kind of brain activity during sleep and strengthen memory in healthy people.
National Institutes of Health, UNC Department of Psychiatry, UNC School of Medicine, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Mark Derewicz
mark.derewicz@unch.unc.edu
984-974-1915
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 28-Jul-2016
Nature Communications
New material could advance superconductivity
Scientists have looked for different ways to force hydrogen into a metallic state for decades. Metallic hydrogen is a holy grail for materials science because it could be used for superconductors, materials that have no resistance to the flow of electrons, increasing efficiency many times over. For the first time researchers, led by Carnegie's Viktor Struzhkin, have experimentally produced a new class of materials blending hydrogen with sodium that could alter the superconductivity landscape.
US Department of Energy, Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments Center, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, DARPA, NSFC

Contact: Viktor Struzhkin
vstruzhkin@carnegiescience.edu
Carnegie Institution for Science

Public Release: 28-Jul-2016
Science
Breakthrough solar cell captures CO2 and sunlight, produces burnable fuel
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have engineered a potentially game-changing solar cell that cheaply and efficiently converts atmospheric carbon dioxide directly into usable hydrocarbon fuel, using only sunlight for energy.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Bill Burton
burton@uic.edu
312-996-2269
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 27-Jul-2016
PLOS ONE
Forests, species on 4 continents threatened by palm oil expansion
As palm oil production expands from Southeast Asia into the Americas and Africa, vulnerable tropical forests and species on four continents face increased risk of loss, a Duke-led study finds. The largest areas of vulnerable forest are in Africa and South America. But because forests in all 20 countries studied contain high concentrations of different mammal and bird species at risk of extinction, conservation efforts need to incorporate localized solutions tailored to each region.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Showing releases 126-150 out of 925.

[ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 ]

  Highlights
Science360 Science360 News Service
Sponsored by the National Science Foundation, Science360 News is an up-to-date view of breaking science news from around the world. We gather news from wherever science is happening, including directly from scientists, college and university press offices, popular and peer-reviewed journals, dozens of National Science Foundation science and engineering centers, and funding sources that include government agencies, not-for-profit organizations and private industry.
Science360 Science for Everyone
The Science360 Video Library immerses visitors in the latest wonders of science, engineering, technology and math. Each video is embeddable for use on your website, blog or social media page.
NAGC Winner - Jellyfish NSF Exclusive Special Reports
From "Understanding the Brain" to "Engineering Agriculture's Future", these in-depth, Web-based reports explore the frontiers of science and engineering.