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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 839.

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Public Release: 26-Sep-2014
International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
Underwater robot for port security
Football-size robot can skim discreetly along a ship's hull to seek hollow compartments concealing contraband.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Analytical Chemistry
High-throughput cell-sorting method can separate 10 billion bacterial cells in 30 minutes
University of Hawaii at Manoa College of Engineering mechanical engineer Yi Zuo has developed a new, high-throughput method for sorting cells capable of separating 10 billion bacterial cells in 30 minutes. The finding has already proven useful for studying bacterial cells and microalgae, and could one day have direct applications for biomedical research and environmental science -- basically any field in which a large quantity of microbial samples need to be processed.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Talia S Ogliore
togliore@hawaii.edu
808-956-4531
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
CAREER grant to help UT Arlington professor study earthquakes, create teacher Geocorps
A UT Arlington assistant professor of earth and environmental sciences awarded up to $400,000 from the National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Program will study how rock structures react to events such as earthquakes, meteor impacts and explosions. He'll also use the new grant to partner with Teach for America -- Dallas-Fort Worth to create the TFA Geocorps.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Traci Peterson
tpeterso@uta.edu
817-521-5494
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Science
Longstanding bottleneck in crystal structure prediction solved
The various patterns that atoms of a solid material can adopt, called crystal structures, can have a huge impact on its properties. Being able to accurately predict the most stable crystal structure for a material has been a longstanding challenge for scientists. Researchers calculated the lattice energy of benzene, a simple yet important molecule in pharmaceutical and energy research, to sub-kilojoule per mole accuracy -- a level of certainty that allows polymorphism to be resolved.
Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Contact: Tien Nguyen
tienn@princeton.edu
609-258-6523
Princeton University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Cell
Researchers engineer 'Cas9' animal models to study disease and inform drug discovery
Researchers from the Broad Institute and Massachusetts Institute of Technology have created a new mouse model to simplify application of the CRISPR-Cas9 system for in vivo genome editing experiments. The researchers successfully used the new 'Cas9 mouse' model to edit multiple genes in a variety of cell types, and to model lung adenocarcinoma, one of the most lethal human cancers. A paper describing this new model and its initial applications appears this week in Cell.
National Science Foundation, The Damon Runyon Cancer Research Institute, MIT/Simons Center for the Social Brain, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Haley Bridger
hbridger@broadinstitute.org
617-714-7968
Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Plant Cell
Researchers uncover structure of enzyme that makes plant cellulose
Purdue researchers have discovered the structure of the enzyme that makes cellulose, a finding that could lead to easier ways of breaking down plant materials to make biofuels and other products and materials.
Center for the Direct Catalytic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Research Foundation of Korea

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoos@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
PLOS ONE
Water research tackles growing grassland threat: Trees
Two Kansas State University biologists are studying streams to prevent tallgrass prairies from turning into shrublands and forests.
National Science Foundation Konza Prairie Long-Term Ecological Research Program, Kansas Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research

Contact: Walter Dodds
wkdodds@k-state.edu
785-532-6998
Kansas State University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Genetic, developmental and anatomical basis of natural selection for sensory structures
Hoping to understand how the tremendous diversity of life on Earth evolved even as irreversible species and habitat loss rapidly proceeds, a research group of bat experts including biologist Elizabeth Dumont of the University of Massachusetts Amherst has received a five-year, $1.91 million grant from the National Science Foundation to study how bats sense their environment and other individuals, including potential mates, to ensure survival and reproduction.
NSF/Dimensions of Biodiversity Program

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
ChemBioChem
Chemists recruit anthrax to deliver cancer drugs
Researchers from MIT have found that with some tinkering, a deadly protein becomes an efficient carrier for antibody drugs.
MIT Reed Fund, Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s+mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Playing tag with sugars in the cornfield
Grasses and crops such as maize attach sugars to chemical defenses called benzoxazinoids to protect themselves from being poisoned by their own protective agents. Then, when an insect starts feeding, a plant enzyme removes the sugar to deploy the active toxin. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, have now discovered why this defensive strategy fails to work against Spodoptera larvae. Armyworms deactivate the maize chemical defense by reattaching the sugar in the opposite configuration.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Max Planck Society

Contact: Daniel Giddings Vassão
vassao@ice.mpg.de
49-364-157-1333
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Current Biology
Dinosaur family tree gives fresh insight into rapid rise of birds
The most comprehensive family tree of meat-eating dinosaurs ever created is enabling scientists to discover key details of how birds evolved from them.
European Commission, National Science Foundation, University of Edinburgh, Columbia University, American Museum of Natural History, Swarthmore College/Research Fund, James Michener Faculty Fellowship

Contact: Corin Campbell
Corin.Campbell@ed.ac.uk
44-131-650-2246
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Syracuse's new cooling system heats up physics research
A physicist in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences has received a major grant to support ongoing work in quantum information science. Britton Plourde, associate professor of physics, is the recipient of a $230,000 Defense University Research Instrumentation Program award from the Army Research Office. The award enables him to acquire a cryogen-free adiabatic demagnetization refrigerator for the College's Department of Physics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Rob Enslin
rmenslin@syr.edu
315-443-3403
Syracuse University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
'Skin-like' device monitors cardiovascular and skin health
A new wearable medical device can quickly alert a person if they are having cardiovascular trouble or if it's simply time to put on some skin moisturizer, reports a Northwestern University and University of Illinois study. The small device can be placed directly on the skin and worn 24/7 for around-the-clock health monitoring. The technology uses thousands of tiny liquid crystals on a flexible substrate to sense heat. When the device turns color, the wearer knows something is awry.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
PLOS ONE
Study: Biochar alters water flow to improve sand and clay
New research from Rice University and Colorado College could help settle questions about one of biochar's biggest benefits -- the seemingly contradictory ability to make clay soils drain faster and sandy soils drain slower. The research about the popular soil amendment appears this week in PLOS ONE.
City of Houston, National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, Rice's Faculty Initiative Fund, Rice's Shell Center for Sustainability, Rice's Institute of Bioscience and Bioengineering.

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology
Alzheimer's patients can still feel the emotion long after the memories have vanished
A new University of Iowa study further supports an inescapable message: caregivers have a profound influence -- good or bad -- on the emotional state of individuals with Alzheimer's disease. Patients may not remember a recent visit by a loved one or having been neglected by staff at a nursing home, but those actions can have a lasting impact on how they feel.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, Kiwanis International

Contact: John Riehl
john-riehl@uiowa.edu
319-384-3109
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Policies and Perspectives: Implications From the Religion Among Scientists in International Context
Indian scientists significantly more religious than UK scientists
Indian scientists are significantly more religious than United Kingdom scientists, according to the first cross-national study of religion and spirituality among scientists.
Templeton World Charity Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
The Astrophysical Journal
Most stars are born in clusters, some leave 'home'
New modeling studies demonstrate that most of the stars we see were formed when unstable clusters of newly formed protostars broke up. These protostars are born out of rotating clouds of dust and gas, which act as nurseries for star formation. Rare clusters of multiple protostars remain stable and mature into multi-star systems. The unstable ones will eject stars until they achieve stability and end up as single or binary stars.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alan Boss
aboss@carnegiescience.edu
202-478-8858
Carnegie Institution

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
PLOS ONE
Colorado's Front Range fire severity not much different than past, say CU study
The perception that Colorado's Front Range wildfires are becoming increasingly severe does not hold much water scientifically, according to a massive new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder and Humboldt State University in Arcata, Calif.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tania Schoennagel
tania.schoennagel@colorado.edu
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
2-D materials' crystalline defects key to new properties
Understanding how atoms 'glide' and 'climb' on the surface of 2-D crystals like tungsten disulphide may pave the way for researchers to develop materials with unusual or unique characteristics, according to an international team of researchers.
US Army Research Office, Robert Welch Foundation, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Grant to help find why people reveal information online
Penn State researchers have received a $262,383 grant from the National Science Foundation to better understand why people disclose or withhold private information during online transactions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Researchers aim to improve educational software through speech and emotion detection
North Carolina State University researchers have won a $1.2 million grant from the National Science Foundation to improve educational software by enabling it to assess facial expression, body language, speech and other cues to better respond to a student's emotional state during the learning process.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Case Western Reserve University on track to become No. 1 synchrotron lab in world
Case Western Reserve University's synchrotron facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory is on its way to becoming the No. 1 beamline facility for biology in the world by early 2016, thanks to a jumpstart grant of $4.6 million from the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, a component of the National Institutes of Health.
NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
jeannette.spalding@case.edu
216-368-3004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Immune system is key ally in cyberwar against cancer
Research by Rice University scientists who are fighting a cyberwar against cancer finds that the immune system may be a clinician's most powerful ally.
Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, National Science Foundation, Tauber Family Funds

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Water Resources Research
Water-quality trading can reduce river pollution
Allowing polluters to buy, sell or trade water-quality credits will reduce pollution in rivers and estuaries faster and at lower cost than requiring them to meet compliance costs on their own, a Duke-led study finds. Establishing trading markets at a river-basin scale and allowing interstate trades will yield optimal results, but regulators shouldn't let uncertainties over details bog down a program's launch, since trading at any scale will yield gains over no trading at all.
National Science Foundation, Property and Environment Research Center

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Biology Letters
A step in the right direction to avoid falls
Researchers have developed a mathematical model that lends new insight to how humans walk.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Showing releases 126-150 out of 839.

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