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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 852.

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Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
Research into mammal evolution focuses on pivotal Eocene interval in Turkey
With a five-year, $580,000 award from the NSF, scientists from the University of Kansas are departing this month to investigate how climate, plate tectonics and other factors influenced evolution by bringing species together in modern-day Turkey during the Eocene epoch.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M Lynch
brendan@ku.edu
785-864-8855
University of Kansas

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
SMU chemist wins prestigious NSF Career Award
SMU chemist Nicolay Tsarevsky's research into new polymer-building processes is boosted by NSF CAREER Award expected to total $650,000.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kenny Ryan
khryan@smu.edu
214-768-7641
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
Association for Computing Machinery's SIGGRAPH 2015
UMass Amherst computer scientists introduce new graphics software
The new first-of-its-kind structure-transcending software can benefit several computer graphics applications, Kalogerakis says. 'We hope that future 3-D modeling software tools will incorporate our approach to help designers create aesthetically and stylistically plausible 3-D scenes, such as indoor environments. Our approach could also be used by 3-D search engines on the web to help users retrieve 3-D models according to style tags.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
eLife
The brain is not as cramped as we thought
Using an innovative method, EPFL scientists show that the brain is not as compact as we have thought all along.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Scientific Reports
Non-native marine species' spread, impact explained by time since introduction
The time since the introduction of a non-native marine species best explains its global range, according to new research by an international team of scientists led by University of Georgia ecologist James E. Byers. The study, published in the open access journal Nature Scientific Reports, also contains a warning: The vast majority of marine invaders have not yet finished spreading.
Macquarie University, University of New South Wales, National Science Foundation, New Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries and National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, National Sea Grant Program, Smithsonian Institution

Contact: James E. Byers
jebyers@uga.edu
706-583-0012
University of Georgia

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Research shows catastrophic invertebrate extinction in Hawai'i and globally
A team of researchers recently published the first rigorous assessment of extinction of invertebrates in Hawai`i. In a companion study the team addressed invertebrate extinction globally. Based on their findings, the researchers show that the suspected biodiversity crisis is real and stressed the need to include assessments of invertebrates in order to obtain a more realistic picture of the current situation, known widely as the 'sixth mass extinction.'
The Ars Cuttoli Foundation, Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture, Oahu Army Natural Resources Program and French National Research Agency

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
mworkman@hawaii.edu
808-956-3151
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Scientists pioneer method to track water flowing through glaciers
Researchers for the first time have used seismic sensors to track meltwater flowing through glaciers and into the ocean, a critical step to understanding glaciers as climate changes. Meltwater moving through a glacier can increase melting and destabilize the glacier. It can speed the glacier's flow downhill. It can move boulders and other sediments toward the terminus of the glacier. And it can churn warm ocean water and bring it in contact with the glacier.
National Science Foundation, University of Texas Institute for Geophysics, NASA, US Geological Survey, US Department of Interior

Contact: Anton Caputo
anton.caputo@jsg.utexas.edu
210-602-2085
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Mussels inspire development of waterproof adhesives
Nature provides spectacular examples of adhesives that work extraordinarily well in wet and harsh conditions. Mussels stick to boats and rocks by secretion of protein-based adhesives that demonstrate adhesion even in the harsh marine environment. Inspired by these marine creatures, Dr. Abraham Joy and Dr. Ali Dhinojwala and their teams at The University of Akron have developed a synthetic mimic of mussel adhesives using soybean oil as a starting material, which is a renewable resource.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Craig
lmc91@uakron.edu
330-972-7429
University of Akron

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Optics Express
Portable ultra-broadband lasers could be key to next-generation sensors
Northwestern University professor Manijeh Razeghi and her team created a custom-tailored, compact laser diode by integrating multiple wavelength emitters into a single device.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Homeland Security, Naval Air Systems Command, NASA

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques
Depth-sensing camera gleans 3-D information in bright sunlight as well as darkness
Depth-sensing cameras, such as Microsoft's Kinect controller for video games, have become widely used 3-D sensors. Now, a new imaging technology invented by Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Toronto addresses a major shortcoming of these cameras: the inability to work in bright light, especially sunlight.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Laboratory, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Psychological Science
Parents' math anxiety can undermine children's math achievement
If the thought of a math test makes you break out in a cold sweat, Mom or Dad may be partly to blame, according to new research published in Psychological Science. A team of researchers at the University of Chicago found that children of math-anxious parents learned less math over the school year and were more likely to be math-anxious themselves -- but only when these parents provided frequent help on the child's math homework.
US Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences, National Science Foundation, NSF Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center

Contact: Alex Michel
amichel@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Rice, ASU, Yale, UTEP win NSF engineering research center
A Rice University-led consortium has won $18.5 million from the National Science Foundation to establish a national research center in Houston to develop mobile, off-grid water-treatment systems that can provide clean water to millions of people who lack it and make US energy production more sustainable and cost-effective.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Advanced Materials
Eliminating entanglements
A Harvard team of polymer physicists and chemists has developed a way to create an ultra-soft dry silicone rubber. This new rubber features tunable softness to match a variety of biological tissues, opening new opportunities in biomedical research and engineering.
National Science Foundation, Harvard Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Psychological Science
Parents' math anxiety can undermine children's math achievement
A team of researchers led by UChicago psychologists Sian Beilock and Susan Levine found that children of math-anxious parents learned less math over the school year and were more likely to be math-anxious themselves -- but only when these parents provided frequent help on the child's math homework.
US Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences, National Science Foundation, NSF Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center

Contact: Steve Koppes
s-koppes@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 7-Aug-2015
NSF funds industry/university center for atomically thin coatings
The study and development of atomically thin coatings will be the focus of a one of a kind National Science Foundation funded university/industry center.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 7-Aug-2015
UM researchers head to the clouds to study Earth's climate
Nearly 40 years after taking his first aircraft measurements of clouds off the California coast, University of Miami Professor Bruce Albrecht has returned again this month equipped with new state-of-the-art technologies to understand the effects of low-lying clouds on global climate.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 7-Aug-2015
How plants cope with stress, at the molecular level
Biochemist Elizabeth Vierling at the University of Massachusetts Amherst recently received a three-year, $682,982 National Science Foundation grant to study how plants respond, at the molecular and cellular level, to stress in their environment and the role of a regulatory protein called S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR).
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 6-Aug-2015
Tiny, light-activated crystal sponges fail over time. Why?
Hole-filled crystals called MOFs could one day serve as high-tech sponges, sopping up spilled oil, greenhouse gases and other chemicals. But first, scientists must overcome an obstacle: understanding why these minute contraptions lose their sponging capabilities over time.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
chsu22@buffalo.edu
716-645-4655
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 6-Aug-2015
Science
New algorithm aimed at combating science's reproducibility problem
A research team that bridges academia and industry has developed a new tool that can help identify false discoveries made through adaptive analysis. In a study published in Science, they have outlined a method for successively testing hypotheses on the same data set without compromising statistical assurances that their conclusions are valid.
Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Rangeland Ecology and Management
Population changes, priorities cause woodlands to increase
Woody plant encroachment is one of the biggest challenges facing rangelands worldwide, but it consistently has been under-measured and poorly understood, said a Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientist in College Station. Dr. Matthew Berg, an AgriLife Research postdoctoral research associate in the Texas A&M department of ecosystem and science management, is trying to change both the understanding and measurement with his latest study.
US Department of Agriculture-National Institute of Food, National Science Foundation, and Texas A&M University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences/Tom Slick Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Dr. Matthew Berg
mattberg@tamu.edu
979-450-9671
Texas A&M AgriLife Communications

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
PLOS ONE
Making a better nitrate test kit
This little black box could change how we study one of the world's biggest water quality issues. Our Michigan Tech team joined up with the Nitrate Elimination Company to create this this new nitrate test kit.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Pearce
pearce@mtu.edu
906-487-1466
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Current Biology
Natural selection, key to evolution, also can impede formation of new species
An intriguing study involving walking stick insects led by the University of Sheffield in England and the University of Colorado Boulder shows how natural selection, the engine of evolution, can also impede the formation of new species.
European Research Council, National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Human Frontier Science Program, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Samuel Flaxman
samuel.flaxman@colorado.edu
303-492-7814
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Journal of Mammalogy
Pandas set their own pace, tracking reveals
When it comes to body clocks, pandas are the rugged individualists of the forest. The research team led by scientists at Michigan State University (MSU) that has spent years getting unprecedented peeks into panda habits courtesy of five animals with GPS collars has learned their daily routines fall out of the ordinary.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Sue Nichols
nichols@msu.edu
517-282-1093
Michigan State University

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
The Astrophysical Journal Letters
Milky Way-like galaxies may have existed in the early universe
A new, large-scale computer simulation has shown for the first time that large disk galaxies, much like our own Milky Way, may have existed in the early days of the universe. The simulation, created by physicists at Carnegie Mellon University's McWilliams Center for Cosmology and the University of California Berkeley, shows that the early universe -- a mere 500 million years after the Big Bang -- might have had more order and structure than previously thought.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Nature Materials
Sandcastles inspire new nanoparticle binding technique
In a paper published this week in Nature Materials, researchers from North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill show that magnetic nanoparticles encased in oily liquid shells can bind together in water, much like sand particles mixed with the right amount of water can form sandcastles.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office

Contact: Dr. Orlin Velev
odvelev@ncsu.edu
919-513-4318
North Carolina State University

Showing releases 126-150 out of 852.

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