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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 744.

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Public Release: 23-Mar-2014
Nature Chemical Biology
Shifting evolution into reverse promises cheaper, greener way to make new drugs
A proof-of-concept experiment has shown that, by shifting evolution into reverse, it may be possible to use 'green chemistry' to make a number of costly synthetic drugs as easily and cheaply as brewing beer.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: David Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 23-Mar-2014
Nature Materials
MIT engineers design 'living materials'
Hybrid materials combine bacterial cells with nonliving elements that can conduct electricity or emit light.
Office of Naval Research, US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Hertz Foundation, US Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, Presidential Early Career Awrd for Scientists & Engineers

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Mar-2014
Nature Nanotechnology
Could diamonds be a computer's best friend?
For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that information can flow through a diamond wire.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 21-Mar-2014
Ecology
Permafrost thaw: No upside
A new study published in the journal Ecology by Woods Hole Research Center assistant scientist, Susan Natali, finds that growing season gains do not offset carbon emissions from permafrost thaw.
Bonanza Creek LTER, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Eunice Youmans
eyoumans@whrc.org
508-444-1509
Woods Hole Research Center

Public Release: 21-Mar-2014
Nature Physics
Pushing and pulling: Using strain to tune a new quantum material
New research has revealed a method of controlling the surface electronic state of topological insulators -- an important step in realizing the material's potential use in energy efficient devices.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lian Li
lianli@uwm.edu
414-229-5108
University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Public Release: 21-Mar-2014
New Zealand Japan Workshop on Soil Liquefaction during Recent Large-Scale Earthquakes
Ground-improvement methods might protect against earthquakes
Researchers from the University of Texas at Austin's Cockrell School of Engineering are developing ground-improvement methods to help increase the resilience of homes and low-rise structures built on top of soils prone to liquefaction during strong earthquakes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Emil Venere
venere@purdue.edu
765-494-4709
Purdue University

Public Release: 21-Mar-2014
Science
Dust in the wind drove iron fertilization during ice age
A study published in Science by researchers at Princeton University and ETH Zurich confirms a longstanding hypothesis that wind-borne dust carried iron to the region of the globe north of Antarctica, driving plankton growth and eventually leading to the removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 20-Mar-2014
Physical Review Letters
Oregon physicists use geometry to understand 'jamming' process
University of Oregon physicists using a supercomputer and mathematically rich formulas have captured fundamental insights about what happens when objects moving freely jam to a standstill.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 20-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Plankton make scents for seabirds and a cooler planet
The top predators of the Southern Ocean, far-ranging seabirds, are tied both to the health of the ocean ecosystem and to global climate regulation through a mutual relationship with phytoplankton, according to newly published work from UC Davis.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 20-Mar-2014
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Size, personality matter in how Kalahari social spiders perform tasks
At first glance, colonies of thousands of social spiders all look the same and are busy with the same tasks. Not so, say researchers Carl Keiser and Devin Jones, after carefully studying various gatherings of a social spiders of the Kalahari Desert in South Africa. The size and condition of a particular spider's body indicates which task it generally performs within a colony. The study is published in Springer's journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.
University of Pittsburgh, National Science Foundation

Contact: Joan Robinson
joan.robinson@springer.com
49-622-148-78130
Springer

Public Release: 20-Mar-2014
Nature Physics
Research brings new control over topological insulator
An international team of scientists investigating the electronic properties of ultra-thin films of new materials -- topological insulators -- has demonstrated a new method to tune their unique properties using strain.
National Science Foundation, Royal Society

Contact: Caron Lett
caron.lett@york.ac.uk
44-019-043-22029
University of York

Public Release: 20-Mar-2014
17th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing
Parents should try to find middle ground to keep teens safe online
Parents might take a lesson from Goldilocks and find a balanced approach to guide their teens in making moral, safe online decisions, according to Penn State researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 20-Mar-2014
PLOS Genetics
3-D model links facial features and DNA
DNA can already tell us the sex and ancestry of unknown individuals, but now an international team of researchers is beginning to connect genetics with facial features, degrees of femininity and racial admixture.
National Science Foundation, National Institute of Justice, National Institutes of Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 19-Mar-2014
PLOS ONE
Oldest fossil evidence of modern African venomous snakes found in Tanzania
Ohio University scientists have found the oldest definitive fossil evidence of modern, venomous snakes in Africa, according to a new study published March 19 in the journal PLOS ONE.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society, Leakey Foundation

Contact: Andrea Gibson
gibsona@ohio.edu
740-597-2166
Ohio University

Public Release: 19-Mar-2014
Students to hack hardware, software and data to build security skills
Students at Case Western Reserve University and Cleveland State University will begin hacking computers -- for credit -- this fall. The universities are offering undergraduates a series of three classes that focus on hacking and learning to protect hardware, software and data from cyber attacks. The classes were developed and will be supported with help of a NSF grant.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-368-4442
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 19-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study finds forest corridors help plants disperse their seeds
A forest, a supercomputer and some glow-in-the-dark yarn have helped a team of field ecologists conclude that woodland corridors connecting patches of endangered plants not only increase seed dispersal from one patch to another, but also create wind conditions that can spread the seeds for much longer distances. Gil Bohrer, Ph.D., an environmental engineer at Ohio State University, leveraged Ohio Supercomputer Center systems to simulate a forest and the winds that flow through it.
National Science Foundation, others

Contact: Jamie Abel
jabel@oh-tech.org
614-292-6495
Ohio Supercomputer Center

Public Release: 19-Mar-2014
Langmuir
New technique makes LEDs brighter, more resilient
Researchers have developed a new processing technique that makes light emitting diodes brighter and more resilient by coating the semiconductor material gallium nitride with a layer of phosphorus-derived acid.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 19-Mar-2014
Nature
The Goldilocks principle: New hypothesis explains Earth's continued habitability
Scientists show how geologic process regulates the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
University of Southern California Dornsife, Center for Dark Energy Biosphere Investigations, National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 19-Mar-2014
PLOS ONE
Bighorn sheep went extinct on desert island in Gulf of California, study finds
Using ancient DNA analysis and other techniques, a research team led by conservation biologists at the University of California, Riverside has determined that bighorn sheep, so named for their massive spiral horns, became extinct on Tiburon Island, a large and mostly uninhabited island just off Sonora, Mexico, in the Gulf of California, sometime in the last millennium -- specifically between the 6th and 19th centuries.
UC MEXUS, National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Wayne State professor receives NSF CAREER award; research to impact Detroit-area schools
A Wayne State University researcher has been awarded a National Science Foundation Early Career Development Award, the agency's most prestigious award for up-and-coming researchers in science and engineering. The five-year, $550,000 grant was awarded to Ed Cackett, Ph.D., assistant professor of physics and astronomy in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, for the project 'Reflection and reverberation in neutron star low-mass X-ray binaries.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Geophysical Research Letters
New airborne GPS technology for weather conditions takes flight
A new technique led by a researcher at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego stands to improve weather models and hurricane forecasting by detecting precise conditions in the atmosphere through a new GPS system aboard airplanes. The first demonstration of the technique, detailed in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, is pushing the project's leaders toward a goal of broadly implementing the technology in the near future on commercial aircraft.
National Science Foundation, NASA, and others

Contact: Mario Aguilera or Robert Monroe
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Oceanography
New statistical models could lead to better predictions of ocean patterns
The world's oceans cover more than 72 percent of the earth's surface, impact a major part of the carbon cycle, and contribute to variability in global climate and weather patterns. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri applied complex statistical models to increase the accuracy of ocean forecasting that influences the ways in which forecasters predict long-range events such as El Nińo and the lower levels of the ocean food chain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Biophysical Journal
Nanopores control the inner ear's ability to select sounds
The inner-ear membrane uses tiny pores to mechanically separate sounds, researchers find.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Computational Particle Mechanics
Simulations predict blast scenarios, have crossover animation appeal in Disney's 'Frozen'
Simulation-based engineering science allows researchers to predict the effects of building explosions and analyze the response of building materials to those threats. Using a $400,000, five-year CAREER grant from the National Science Foundation, researchers at the University of Missouri developed the Material Point Method, a computer-generated tool that not only creates blast scenarios that informs blast and impact resistant materials and design, but also is crossing over into Hollywood animation -- most recently, Disney's Oscar-winning animated film, 'Frozen.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Researchers devise new, stretchable antenna for wearable health monitoring
Engineering researchers have developed a new, stretchable antenna that can be incorporated into wearable technologies, such as health monitoring devices.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Showing releases 126-150 out of 744.

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