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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 911.

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Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
Nature Communications
Scientists discover secret to highly efficient swimming in some animals, such as jellyfish
Previous studies have shown that jellyfish and eels can move using very low amounts of energy. In fact, these ocean denizens can go from point A to point B using less energy than any other swimmer, runner or flier ever measured. However the secret behind such amazing energetic efficiency has remained a mystery, until now. A team of scientists has revealed that these marine animals do something completely unexpected when they swim.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Brad Gemmell
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
Acta Crystallographica Section A
The complexity of modeling
In recent years, advances in materials synthesis techniques have enabled scientists to produce increasingly complex functional materials with enhanced or novel macroscopic properties.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Jonathan Agbenyega
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
$5 million for international neuroscience 'dream team'
A 'dream team' of experts in sensors, electronics, data analysis and neuroscience has been awarded a $5 million grant to help unravel the mysteries of the brain and cross-train an international group of neuroscientists and engineers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine McAlpine
University of Michigan

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ice-age lesson: Large mammals need room to roam
A study of life and extinctions among woolly mammoths and other ice-age animals suggests that interconnected habitats can help Arctic mammal species survive environmental changes.
National Science Foundation, Bureau of Land Management

Contact: Meghan Murphy
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ultrasensitive sensors made from boron-doped graphene
Ultrasensitive gas sensors based on the infusion of boron atoms into graphene -- a tightly bound matrix of carbon atoms -- may soon be possible, according to an international team of researchers from six countries.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Dartmouth, NSF aim to turn America's rural libraries into STEM centers
Dartmouth College will use a $3 million, five-year grant from the National Science Foundation to further help small, rural libraries nationwide to improve public understanding of science.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Chemical Biology
University of the Pacific researchers give peptides a longer life
Researchers at University of the Pacific have developed a biochemical trick that can significantly extend the lifespan of peptides, smaller cousins of proteins. The finding opens up new possibilities for creating peptides to treat cancer, infertility and other conditions. The research, led by Mamoun Alhamadsheh, assistant professor of pharmacy at Pacific, is featured in the November issue of Nature Reviews Drug Discovery, a publication that spotlights high-impact papers from Nature, Cell and other scientific journals.
American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Claudia Morain
University of the Pacific

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Columbia to lead Northeast Big Data Innovation Hub
Columbia University will lead a $1.25 million NSF-funded project to share data, tools and ideas for tackling some of the big challenges facing the northeastern United States.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim Martineau
Columbia University

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Geological Society of America's 2015 Annual Meeting & Expositon
New findings rock long-held assumptions about ancient mass extinction
In research to be presented Nov. 4 at the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America and published in the October issue of the journal Geology, a University of Texas at Dallas geologist and his colleagues describe new findings that challenge the currently accepted model of the 'Great Dying,' a catastrophic extinction event that occurred more than 250 million years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
Predicting cancer's growth from few clues
Duke mathematicians are developing ways to help doctors predict how different cancers are likely to progress when measurements of tumor growth are hard to come by. In a new study, they describe a way to compare common models of tumor growth, using only two time-point measurements of tumor size -- often the maximum available before patients begin treatment. Determining which models work best for different cancers is key to designing optimum treatment strategies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Georgia Tech and UNC to lead effort that applies big data solutions to regional challenges
The Georgia Institute of Technology and the University of North Carolina's Renaissance Computing Institute will co-direct a new, national effort to develop a Big Data Regional Innovation Hub serving 16 southern states and the District of Columbia.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tara La Bouff
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Planting in clumps boosts wetland restoration success
A Duke-led study finds that when restoring coastal wetlands, clumping newly planted marsh grasses next to each other, with little or no space in between, can spur positive interactions between plants and boost growth and survival by up to 300 percent in one growing season, at no additional cost. The new planting design may be especially beneficial where conventionally planted wetlands have failed due to erosion, high salt levels, low soil oxygen and other risks.
National Science Foundation, Netherlands Royal Society of Arts and Sciences, Edward Stolarz Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Geoscience
Scientists map source of Northwest's next big quake
The Cascadia Initiative deployed 70 seabed seismometers at 120 sites covering the entire Juan de Fuca plate to record mantle movement relative to the plate. Team members led by UC Berkeley have confirmed what geophysicists expected, but one surprise is that a small appendage called the Gorda Plate moves independently of the Juan de Fuca, apparently too light to influence the mantle flow 100 miles down. This could explain earthquake segmentation at the subduction zone.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Physics
Calcium-48's 'neutron skin' thinner than previously thought
An international team led by Gaute Hagen of the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory used America's most powerful supercomputer, Titan, to compute the neutron distribution and related observables of calcium-48, an isotope with an atomic nucleus consisting of 20 protons and 28 neutrons. Computing the nucleus from first principles revealed that the difference between the radii of neutron and proton distributions (called the 'neutron skin') is considerably smaller than previously thought.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation, European Research Council, United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation, Government of Canada, Government of Italy, Government of Norway, Government of Sweden

Contact: Dawn Levy
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Chemistry in mold reveals important clue for pharmaceuticals
In a discovery that holds promise for future drug development, scientists have detected for the first time how nature performs an impressive trick to produce key chemicals similar to those in drugs that fight malaria, bacterial infections and cancer.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation, China's 973 Program

Contact: Christine Sinatra
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Genetics
Pineapple genome offers insight into photosynthesis in drought-tolerant plants
By sequencing its genome, scientists are homing in on the genes and genetic pathways that allow the juicy pineapple plant to thrive in water-limited environments. The new findings, reported in the journal Nature Genetics, also open a new window on the complicated evolutionary history of grasses like sorghum and rice, which share a distant ancestor with pineapple.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Bat disease fungus found to be widespread in northeast China
Bats in northeast China are infected with the fungus that causes white-nose syndrome, a deadly disease that has decimated bat populations in North America since it first appeared in upstate New York in 2006. A team of American and Chinese researchers found the fungus in caves where bats hibernate and found bats infected with the fungus.
National Science Foundation, National Speleological Society Rapid Response Fund, US Fish and Wildlife Service, National Science and Technology Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Climate Change
Rapidly acidifying waters pose major threat for Southern Ocean ecosystem
A study published this week in the journal Nature Climate Change uses a number of Earth System Models to explore how the uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide and the resulting ocean acidification will affect the Southern Ocean over the next century. The new research finds that for some organisms the onset of such critical conditions will be so abrupt, and the duration of events so long, that adaption may become impossible.
National Science Foundation Ocean Acidification Program

Contact: Rachel Lentz
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 1-Nov-2015
National Cancer Research Institute 2015
Cancer Cell
New treatment targets cancers with particular genetic signature
Oxford University's Dr Tim Humphrey and team found that cancer cells with a mutated SETD2 gene were killed by a drug called AZD1775 that inhibits a protein called WEE1.
Medical Research Council, Cancer Research UK, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Calver
University of Oxford

Public Release: 30-Oct-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Arctic snow not darkening due to soot, dust, Dartmouth-led study finds
A new Dartmouth-led study shows that degrading satellite sensors, not soot or dust, are responsible for the apparent decline in reflectivity of inland ice across northern Greenland.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: John Cramer
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 30-Oct-2015
Experimental Biology and Medicine
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 dependent nuclear entry of factor inhibiting HIF-1
Factor inhibiting HIF-1 (FIH-1) regulates hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) transcriptional activity by hydrolyzing asparagine at the C-terminus of HIF-1α, preventing the interaction between HIF-1α and associated cofactors and leading to suppressed activation of HIF-1. This action takes place in the nucleus but FIH-1 is a cytoplasmic protein. Itís now realized that the nuclear entry of FIH-1 is triggered by the transportation of HIF-1α from cytoplasm to the nucleus, a process that requires the presence of copper.
National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Dr. Y. James Kang
Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine

Public Release: 30-Oct-2015
Scientific Reports
New metal alloy could yield green cooling technologies
A promising metal alloy system could lead to commercially viable magnetic refrigerants and environmentally friendly cooling technologies, according to a scientist at Rochester Institute of Technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 30-Oct-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Solving 80-year-old mystery, chemist discovers way to isolate single-crystal ice surfaces
A Tufts University chemist has discovered a way to select specific surfaces of single-crystal ice for study, a long-sought breakthrough that could help researchers answer essential questions about climate and the environment.
US National Science Foundation

Contact: Patrick Collins
Tufts University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
New concepts emerge for generating clean, inexpensive fuel from water
An inexpensive method for generating clean fuel is the modern-day equivalent of the philosopher's stone. One compelling idea is to use solar energy to split water into its constituent hydrogen and oxygen and then harvest the hydrogen for use as fuel. But splitting water efficiently turns out to be not so easy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Koppes
University of Chicago

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Researchers advance understanding of mountain watersheds
Scientists may be able to predict the distribution of pore space in the subsurface of mountain watersheds by looking at the state of stress in the earth's crust.
NSF/Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research, US Army Research Office, NSF/Earth Sciences

Contact: Steve Holbrook
University of Wyoming

Showing releases 126-150 out of 911.

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