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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 806.

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Public Release: 2-Jul-2015
Science
Tough tail of a seahorse may provide robotic solutions
One of the ocean's oddest little creatures, the seahorse, is providing inspiration for robotics researchers as they learn from nature how to build robots that have capabilities sometimes at odds with one another -- flexible, but also tough and strong. Their findings may soon help create technology that offers new approaches to surgery, search and rescue missions or industrial applications.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Agency for Innovation by Science and Technology

Contact: Ross Hatton
ross.hatton@oregonstate.edu
Oregon State University

Public Release: 1-Jul-2015
Soil Science Society of America Journal
A tale of 2 (soil) cities
Recent work showed that long-term differences in soil use and management influence not only the sizes and numbers of soil aggregates, but also what the pores inside them will look like.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation, Kellogg Biological Station, Michigan State University

Contact: Susan Fisk
sfisk@sciencesocieties.org
608-273-8091
American Society of Agronomy

Public Release: 1-Jul-2015
Astrophysical Journal Letters
We're not alone -- but the universe may be less crowded than we think
There may be far fewer galaxies further out in the universe then might be expected, according to a new study led by Michigan State University.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-355-2282
Michigan State University

Public Release: 1-Jul-2015
Water Resources Research
Researcher discovers groundwater modeling breakthrough
A newly discovered equation is expected to greatly improve the reliability and functionality for hundreds of important water models used by everyone from irrigators and city planners to climate scientists and botanists -- and trigger a new surge in data collection.
National Science Foundation, EPSCoR

Contact: Fred Ogden
fogden@uwyo.edu
307-766-6171
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 1-Jul-2015
Optics Express
Ultra-stable JILA microscopy technique tracks tiny objects for hours
JILA researchers have designed a microscope instrument so stable that it can accurately measure the 3-D movement of individual molecules over many hours -- hundreds of times longer than the current limit measured in seconds. The technology was designed to track the machinery of biological cells, down to the tiniest bits of DNA, a single 'base pair' of nucleotides among the 3 billion of these chemical units in human genes. But the instrument could be useful well beyond biology, biochemistry and biophysics, perhaps in manufacturing.
National Science Foundation, NIST

Contact: Laura Ost
laura.ost@nist.gov
303-497-4880
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 1-Jul-2015
PLOS ONE
Dagger-like canines of saber-toothed cats took years to grow
The fearsome teeth of the saber-toothed cat Smilodon fatalis fully emerged at a later age than those of modern big cats, but grew at a rate about double that of their living relatives. The findings, for the first time, provide specific ages for developmental dental events in Smilodon. The eruption rate of the cat's permanent upper canines was a speedy six millimeters per month, but the teeth weren't fully developed until three years of age.
Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, University of California-Berkeley's Department of Integrative Biology, American Museum of Natural History's Theodore Roosevelt Grant, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kendra Snyder
ksnyder@amnh.org
212-496-3419
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 30-Jun-2015
Environmental Science & Technology Letters
New study identifies organic compounds of potential concern in fracking fluids
A new University of Colorado Boulder framework used to screen hundreds of organic chemical compounds used in hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, shows that 15 may be of concern as groundwater contaminants based on their toxicity, mobility, persistence and frequency of use.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joseph Ryan
joseph.ryan@colorado.edu
303-492-0772
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 30-Jun-2015
Physical Review D
New model of cosmic stickiness favors 'Big Rip' demise of universe
Vanderbilt University mathematician Marcelo Disconzi, working with physicists Robert Scherrer and Tom Kephart, has come up with a new approach to calculate cosmic viscosity and the formulation favors the 'Big Rip' scenario for the end of the universe.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: David Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 30-Jun-2015
A win-win-win-win
With $1.5 million in NSF funding, a group of researchers will study the effects of a novel way of eradicating schistosomiasis.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sonia Fernandez
sonia.fernandez@ucsb.edu
805-893-4765
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 30-Jun-2015
ACS Synthetic Biology
UW team programs solitary yeast cells to say 'hello' to one another
University of Washington researchers have produced cell-to-cell communication in baker's yeast -- a first step in learning to build multicellular organisms or artificial organs from scratch.
National Science Foundation, Paul Allen Family Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 30-Jun-2015
Scientific Reports
Atomic force microscope advance leads to new breast cancer research
Researchers who developed a high-speed form of atomic force microscopy have shown how to image the physical properties of live breast cancer cells, for the first time revealing details about how deactivation of a key protein may lead to metastasis.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: emil Venere
venere@purdue.edu
765-494-4709
Purdue University

Public Release: 30-Jun-2015
Psychological Science
Longer acquaintance levels the romantic playing field
Partners who become romantically involved soon after meeting tend to be more similar in physical attractiveness than partners who get together after knowing each other for a while, according to new findings published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 30-Jun-2015
Nature Communications
Earthquakes in western Solomon Islands have long history, study shows
Researchers have found that parts of the western Solomon Islands, a region thought to be free of large earthquakes until an 8.1 magnitude quake devastated the area in 2007, have a long history of big seismic events. The team, led by researchers at The University of Texas Austin, analyzed corals for the study.
National Science Foundation, Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology, National Taiwan University

Contact: Monica Kortsha
mkortsha@jsg.utexas.edu
512-471-2241
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 30-Jun-2015
Nature Communications
New study reveals mechanism regulating methane emissions in freshwater wetlands
Though they occupy a small fraction of the Earth's surface, freshwater wetlands are the largest natural source of methane going into the atmosphere. New research from the University of Georgia identifies an unexpected process that acts as a key gatekeeper regulating methane emissions from these freshwater environments. The study, published in Nature Communications by Samantha Joye and colleagues, describes how high rates of anaerobic methane oxidation substantially reduce atmospheric emissions of methane from freshwater wetlands.
National Science Foundation, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft Research Center/Cluster of Excellence at the MARUM Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen

Contact: Samantha Joye
mjoye@uga.edu
706-542-5893
University of Georgia

Public Release: 30-Jun-2015
Journal of Mammalogy
Where the wild things aren't: Cats avoid places coyotes roam
Caught in the act: millions of images from citizen scientists show that free-ranging domestic cats do their hunting close to home in neighborhoods and small urban forests, avoiding areas with coyotes.
National Science Foundation, VWR Foundation, US Forest Service, North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, Smithsonian Institution

Contact: Roland Kays
rwkays@ncsu.edu
919-707-8250
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 29-Jun-2015
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
OU student use nation's weather radar network to track bird migration at night
Using the nation's weather radar network, two University of Oklahoma doctoral students have developed a technique for forecasting something other than the weather: the orientation behavior of birds as they migrate through the atmosphere at night. The students have discovered a way to use the latest dual-polarization radar upgrade to measure broad-scale flight orientation of nocturnal migrant birds -- a promising development for biologists and bird enthusiasts.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Jana Smith
jana.smith@ou.edu
405-325-1322
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 29-Jun-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Stuck on you: Research shows fingerprint accuracy stays the same over time
Fingerprints have been used by law enforcement and forensics experts to successfully identify people for more than 100 years. Though fingerprints are assumed to be infallible personal identifiers, there has been little scientific research to prove this claim to be true. As such, there have been repeated challenges to the admissibility of fingerprint evidence in courts of law.
National Science Foundation Center for Identification Technology Research

Contact: Kim Ward
kim.ward@cabs.msu.edu
517-432-0117
Michigan State University

Public Release: 29-Jun-2015
Biological Chemistry
OU professor developing vaccine to protect global communities from malaria
An OU professor studying malaria mosquito interaction has discovered a new mosquito protein for the development of a vaccine that is expected to stop the spread of the disease in areas where it is considered endemic. Malaria is transmitted by mosquitoes, and it infects millions of people in Africa, Asia and South America every year, causing a global health crisis. Local populations, US military personnel stationed in these areas and travelers to these malaria-prone areas are at risk of becoming infected.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Oklahoma Center for the Advancement of Science and Technology

Contact: Jana Smith
jana.smith@ou.edu
405-325-1322
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 29-Jun-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Atmospheric mysteries unraveling
It's been difficult to explain patterns of toxic mercury in some parts of the world, such as why there's so much of the toxin deposited into ecosystems from the air in the southeastern United States, even upwind of usual sources. Now, a new analysis led by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder shows that one key to understanding mercury's strange behavior may be the unexpected reactivity of naturally occurring halogen compounds from the ocean.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katy Human
kathleen.human@colorado.edu
303-735-0196
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 29-Jun-2015
Picturing the forecast: NWS graphics developed with NCAR research
The National Weather Service this summer is introducing new online forecasts based on research by a team of risk communication experts at NCAR. The new graphics will better communicate local forecasts and potential weather threats for the millions of Americans who rely on the NWS website.
National Weather Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Hosansky
hosansky@ucar.edu
303-497-8611
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 29-Jun-2015
Environmental Science & Technology
Recent mercury pollution on the rise, but quick to change, Dartmouth-led study shows
A Dartmouth-led study using a 600-year-old ice core shows that global mercury pollution increased dramatically during the 20th century, but that mercury concentrations in the atmosphere decreased faster than previously thought beginning in the late 1970s when emissions started to decline.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
john.cramer@dartmouth.edu
603-646-9130
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 29-Jun-2015
Journal of Biomedical Informatics
New role for Twitter: Early warning system for bad drug interactions
Vermont scientists have invented a new technique for discovering potentially dangerous drug interactions and unknown side-effects -- before they show up in medical databases like PubMed -- by searching millions of tweets on Twitter.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Brown
joshua.e.brown@uvm.edu
802-656-3039
University of Vermont

Public Release: 29-Jun-2015
AMBIO
Food for thought: Use more forages in livestock farming
Small-scale livestock farming in the tropics can become more intensive yet sustainable if more and better forage is used to feed the animals being reared. This could benefit farming endeavors in rural South Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, Central America and the Caribbean, and see a move away from the increased reliance on grain-based feeds, say scientists at CIAT (International Center for Tropical Agriculture) and Thomas Rudel of Rutgers University in the US, in Springer's journal Ambio.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Stefanie Eggert
stefanie.eggert@springer.com
49-622-148-78414
Springer

Public Release: 29-Jun-2015
PLOS Pathogens
TSRI and biotech partners find new antibody weapons against Marburg virus
A new study led by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute identifies new immune molecules that protect against deadly Marburg virus, a relative of Ebola virus. The research provides ingredients needed to develop treatments for future Marburg outbreaks.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Science Foundation, Japan Society for Promotion of Science, Uehara Memorial Foundation, Investigators in the Pathogenesis of Infectious Disease etc.

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 29-Jun-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers discover how petunias know when to smell good
A team of UW biologists has identified a key mechanism plants use to decide when to release their floral scents to attract pollinators. Their findings, published the week of June 29 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, connect the production and release of these fragrant chemicals to the innate circadian rhythms that pulse through all life on Earth.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: James Urton
jurton@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Showing releases 126-150 out of 806.

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