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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 799.

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Public Release: 8-Aug-2014
SIGGRAPH 2014
Photo editing algorithm changes weather, seasons automatically
A computer algorithm being developed by Brown University researchers enables users to instantly change the weather, time of day, season, or other features in outdoor photos with simple text commands. Machine learning and a clever database make it possible. A paper describing the work will be presented at SIGGRAPH 2014.
National Science Foundation, Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity via Air Force Research Laboratory

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 8-Aug-2014
Scientific Reports
Study measures steep coastal costs of China's GDP growth
Economic reforms declared in 1978 led to a surge of growth in China, but resulting increases in human impact activities are seriously degrading the nation's coastal ecosystems, according to a newly published analysis of economic and environmental data. Some activities may have reached a turning point, but others will need policy changes, the authors project.
National Key Basic Research Program of China, China National Funds for Distinguished Young Scientists, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 8-Aug-2014
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
What does 'diversity' mean to you? The answer may depend on your race
Researchers from the University of California at Irvine, the University of Virginia, and the University of California at Los Angeles collaborated to study how whites, Asian-Americans, and African-Americans evaluate diversity. The research included three studies, and participants were asked to rate the diversity of various groups of people that were presented as a team at work.
National Science Foundation, University of California Council on Research Computing and Libraries

Contact: Jennifer Santisi
press@spsp.org
202-524-6543
Society for Personality and Social Psychology

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
Science
Northern Pacific's tropical anoxic zone might shrink from climate change
A commonly held belief that global warming will diminish oxygen concentrations in the ocean looks like it may not be entirely true. According to new research published in Science magazine, just the opposite is likely the case in the eastern tropical northern Pacific, with its anoxic zone expected to shrink in coming decades because of climate change.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steven Powell
803-777-1923
University of South Carolina

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
SLU scientists to examine regional climate change as part of $20 million Missouri consortium
Tim Eichler, Ph.D., assistant professor of earth and atmospheric sciences, is the principal investigator at SLU and will study changes to regional weather patterns as a part of the National Science Foundation study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carrie Bebermeyer
bebermcl@slu.edu
314-977-8015
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
Science
Origami robot folds itself up, crawls away
A prototype made almost entirely of printable parts demonstrates crucial capabilities of reconfigurable robots.
National Science Foundation, Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Research at Harvard,Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
Science
Robot folds itself up and walks away
A team of engineers used little more than paper and Shrinky dinks -- the classic children's toy that shrinks when heated -- to build a robot that assembles itself into a complex shape in four minutes flat, and crawls away without any human intervention. The advance, described in Science, demonstrates the potential to quickly and cheaply build sophisticated machines that interact with the environment, and to automate much of the design and assembly process.
National Science Foundation, Harvard University/Wyss Institute, US Department of Defense, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Felloship

Contact: Kristen Kusek
kristen.kusek@wyss.harvard.edu
617-432-8266
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
6th International Meeting on Origami in Science, Math and Education
Science
Learning from origami to design new materials
A challenge increasingly important to physicists and materials scientists in recent years has been how to design controllable new materials that exhibit desired physical properties rather than relying on those properties to emerge naturally, says University of Massachusetts Amherst physicist Christian Santangelo. Now he and physicist Arthur Evans and polymer scientist Ryan Hayward at University Massachusetts Amherst, with others, are using origami-based folding methods for 'tuning' the fundamental physical properties of any type of thin sheet.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
Genome Research
Gut microbes browse along a gene buffet
A detailed examination of gene expression in the guts of mice raised under three different microbial conditions shows that the host organism controls which genes are made available to gut microbes at various portions of the intestine. Usage of particular genes is regulated by the microbes, but access to the genes is determined by the host.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, PhRMA Foundation, Pew Scholars in the Biomedical Sciences Program

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
Science
Ocean's most oxygen-deprived zones to shrink under climate change
Weakening trade winds with climate change are shrinking the size of the Earth's lowest-oxygen waters, in the tropical Pacific and Indian oceans.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
Science
Small, origami-inspired pop-up robots function autonomously
Inspired by the traditional Japanese art form of origami or 'folding paper,' researchers have developed a way to coax flat sheets of composite materials to self-fold into complex robots that crawl and turn.
National Science Foundation, Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Research

Contact: Natasha D. Pinol
npinol@aaas.org
202-326-6440
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Public Release: 6-Aug-2014
UTSA researcher awarded NSF grant to create computer models for food insecurity project
Eric Jing Du, assistant professor of Construction Science in The University of Texas at San Antonio College of Architecture, has been awarded major funding from the National Science Foundation Interdisciplinary Behavioral and Social Science Research Program to complete a four-year research project about food security issues in West Africa using real-time simulation computer models. Du will apply models to predict human behavior in different scenarios relating to the food security issue.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jesus Chavez
jesus.chavez@utsa.edu
210-458-7904
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 6-Aug-2014
Nature
Mercury in the global ocean
Mercury is a naturally occurring element as well as a by-product of such distinctly human enterprises as burning coal and making cement. Estimates of 'bioavailable' mercury -- forms of the element that can be taken up by animals and humans -- play an important role in everything from drafting an international treaty designed to protect humans and the environment from mercury emissions, to establishing public policies behind warnings about seafood consumption.
National Science Foundation, European Research Council

Contact: WHOI Media Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 6-Aug-2014
Advanced Materials
A breath reveals a hidden image in anti-counterfeit drug labels
Terry Shyu, a doctoral student in chemical engineering at the University of Michigan, demonstrates a new high-tech label for fighting drug counterfeiting.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation, Korea Ministry of Science, Information and Communications Technology and Future Planning, Ministry of Knowledge Economy, Korea Evaluation Institute of Industry Technology

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
734-647-7087
University of Michigan

Public Release: 5-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers boost insect aggression by altering brain metabolism
Scientists report they can crank up insect aggression simply by interfering with a basic metabolic pathway in the insect brain. Their study, of fruit flies and honey bees, shows a direct, causal link between brain metabolism -- how the brain generates the energy it needs to function -- and aggression.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 5-Aug-2014
The next graphene?
Three University of California, Riverside engineers are part of team recently awarded a nearly $1.7 million grant from the National Science Foundation to characterize, analyze and synthesize a new class of ultra-thin film materials that could improve the performance of personal electronics, optoelectronic devices and energy conversion systems.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-1287
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 5-Aug-2014
Optics Express
Watching chemistry in motion: Chemical environments mapped using molecular vibrations
Scientists have long known that a molecule's behavior depends on its environment. Taking advantage of this phenomenon, a group of researchers at the University of Chicago developed a new technique to map microscopic environments using the vibrations of molecules.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Contact: Steve Koppes
skoppes@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 5-Aug-2014
Missouri research consortium receives $20 million grant from NSF to study impacts of climate variability
The National Science Foundation has awarded a $20 million grant to fund a five-year, multi-institutional project to study climate variability and its potential agricultural, ecological and social impacts in Missouri. 'The Missouri Transect: Climate, Plants and Community' project received funding from the Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research, a program initiated by the US Congress to support fundamental research, education in science, technology, engineering and mathematics, and workforce development in areas relevant to the economy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 5-Aug-2014
Journal of Experimental Biology
Butterflies could hold key to probes that repair genes
New discoveries about how butterflies feed could help engineers develop tiny probes that siphon liquid out of single cells for a wide range of medical tests and treatments, according to Clemson University researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Konstantin Kornev
kkornev@clemson.edu
864-656-6541
Clemson University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
Developmental Cell
An embryonic cell's fate is sealed by the speed of a signal
Early in development, chemical signals tell cells whether to turn into muscle, bone, brain or other tissue. By tracking cells' responses to signals, researchers found the speed at which the signal arrives has an unexpected influence on that decision.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, European Molecular Biology Organization, Human Frontier Science Program

Contact: Zach Veilleux
zveilleux@rockefeller.edu
212-327-8982
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
PLOS ONE
Newly discovered juvenile whale shark aggregation in Red Sea
Whale sharks (Rhincodon typus) -- which grow more than 30 feet long -- are the largest fish in the world's ocean, but little is known about their movements on a daily basis or over years. A newly discovered juvenile whale shark aggregation off Saudi Arabia is giving researchers a rare glimpse into the lives of these gentle giants.
National Science Foundation, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

Contact: WHOI Media Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
UTSA, Alamo Colleges partnership provides summer research opportunities for students
The University of Texas at San Antonio and Alamo Colleges have launched a new partnership this summer that is giving community college students the opportunity to gain hands-on experience in top-tier research laboratories.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kris Rodriguez
kris.rodriguez@utsa.edu
210-458-5116
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
ACM SIGCOMM 2014
No-power Wi-Fi connectivity could fuel internet of things reality
University of Washington engineers have designed a new communication system that uses radio frequency signals as a power source and reuses existing Wi-Fi infrastructure to provide Internet connectivity to battery-free devices.
University of Washington Commercialization Gap Fund, Qualcomm Innovation Fellowship, Washington Research Foundation, National Science Foundation, University of Washington

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
Transportation Research Record
CU Denver study shows excess parking at some Denver sports stadiums
Sports stadiums in Denver suffer from excess parking, creating unattractive concrete spaces, heat islands, and missed economic opportunities, according to a new study from the University of Colorado Denver.
National Science Foundation

Contact: david kelly
david.kelly@ucdenver.edu
303-315-6374
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 4-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Tricking plants to see the light may control the most important twitch on Earth
Copious corn growing in tiny backyard plots? Roses blooming in December? Thanks to technology that the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Richard Vierstra has been developing for years, these things may soon be possible. And now, new findings out of the genetics professor's lab promise to advance that technology even further.
National Science Foundation, University of Wisconsin College of Agricultural and Life Sciences

Contact: Richard Vierstra
vierstra@wisc.edu
608-262-8215
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Showing releases 126-150 out of 799.

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