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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 151-175 out of 858.

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Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
New UT Arlington nursing robot to allow nurses time for more important duties
A University of Texas at Arlington electrical engineer is building a robotic nurse to help nurses and other healthcare providers perform the more routine duties that must be done daily such as sitting with a patient that is trying to get out of bed and walking a patient.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
Improving utility smart metering, energy services and conservation
The grant follows a pilot project funded last year by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and carried out by a UMass Amherst team at HG&E that demonstrated how smart electric meters save money and power. Shenoy, Hoque and Irwin, with others, will use anonymous data collected from several dozen volunteer HG&E customer homes to expand last year's project to improve electricity use based on meter data. High-speed processors at the Massachusetts Green High Performance Computing Center in Holyoke will manage data.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
Cerebral Cortex
IU scientist and collaborators chart a lost highway in the brain
A part of the brain lost from scientific literature for over a century may be responsible for a key component of perceptionm according to a new study from the IU neuroscientist who was part of the team that rediscovered the forgotten structure.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
Engineer receives rapid NSF support to probe water woes in Flint, Michigan
A Virginia Tech engineer is traveling to Flint, Michigan, this week as part of a National Science Foundation-funded $50,000 one-year study into a 'perfect storm' of water distribution system corrosion problems.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steven Mackay
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
Nature Climate Change
Sierra Nevada snowpack lowest in five centuries
Snowpack in California's Sierra Nevada in 2015 was at the lowest level in the past 500 years, according to a new report led by researchers from the University of Arizona's Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research. The research is the first to show how the 2015 snowpack compares with snowpack levels for the previous five centuries. California's current record-setting drought began in 2012, the researchers note in their report.
National Science Foundation, US Geological Survey, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Mari N. Jensen
University of Arizona

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
Nature Photonics
Researchers develop key component for terahertz wireless
Researchers at Brown University have developed what they believe to be the first viable strategy for multiplexing radiation in the terahertz range. Terahertz rays may one day enable wireless data networks that are many times faster than today's cellular or Wi-Fi networks. Multiplexing -- the ability to send multiple data streams down a single medium -- is critical for any communications network, including those that use terahertz waves.
National Science Foundation, W.M. Keck Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2015
Lab on a Chip
'Lab-on-a-Chip' technology to cut costs of sophisticated tests for diseases and disorders
Rutgers engineers have developed a breakthrough device that can significantly reduce the cost of sophisticated lab tests for medical disorders and diseases, such as HIV, Lyme disease and syphilis. The new device uses miniaturized channels and valves to replace 'benchtop' assays -- tests that require large samples of blood or other fluids and expensive chemicals that lab technicians manually mix in trays of tubes or plastic plates with cup-like depressions.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, New Jersey Commission on Brain Injury Research, Corning Inc.

Contact: Carl Blesch
Rutgers University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2015
Science and Public Policy
Making a difference with open source science equipment
Science can be expensive. But making customized scientific equipment doesn't have to be. Researchers at Michigan Technological University have compiled economic data on the effectiveness of open source hardware in the laboratory -- and the process looks promising.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Pearce
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
NYU researcher develops unique delivery system for dual gene and drug therapies
The National Science Foundation recently funded research at New York University aimed at developing an engineered protein-lipid system that simultaneously delivers genes and drugs for the potential treatment of multi-drug resistant cancer cells. The dual-delivery system could also apply to diabetes and other conditions requiring a variety of therapeutic approaches.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
MobiCom 2015
Watch out: If you've got a smart watch, hackers could get your data
Using a homegrown app on a Samsung Gear Live smart watch, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign were able to guess what a user was typing through data 'leaks' produced by the motion sensors on smart watches. The project, called Motion Leaks through Smartwatch Sensors, or MoLe, has privacy implications, as an app that is camouflaged as a pedometer, for example, could gather data from emails, search queries and other confidential documents.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Romit Roy Choudhury
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Applications in Plant Sciences
Bringing 'dark data' into the light: Best practices for digitizing herbarium collections
North American herbaria curate approximately 74 million specimens, but only a fraction have been digitized. Imaging specimens and transcribing the related data into online databases can vastly increase available biodiversity data, allowing new discoveries. The National Science Foundation's Integrated Digitized Biocollections is facilitating an effort to unify digitization projects across the country through the development of digitization workflows. The workflows, along with details on their development, are available in Applications in Plant Sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Parada
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
UT Arlington computer scientist's research would make robots more observant
A University of Texas at Arlington engineer is seeking ways to program robots by having them observe a human performing a particular task, then imitate it to complete the same objective.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Nano Letters
SLAC's ultrafast 'electron camera' visualizes ripples in 2-D material
New research led by scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University shows how individual atoms move in trillionths of a second to form wrinkles on a three-atom-thick material. Revealed by a brand new 'electron camera,' one of the world's speediest, this unprecedented level of detail could guide researchers in the development of efficient solar cells, fast and flexible electronics and high-performance chemical catalysts.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, SLAC UED/UEM Program Development Fund, German National Academy of Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrew Gordon
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Astrophysical Journal
Massive galaxy cluster found to be bursting with new stars
An international team of astronomers has discovered a distant massive galaxy cluster with a core bursting with new stars. The discovery is the first to show that gigantic galaxies at the centers of massive clusters can grow significantly by feeding off gas stolen from other galaxies. Gillian Wilson at the University of California, Riverside is a key member of the research team.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Current Biology
People worldwide -- even nomads in Tanzania -- think of colors the same way
Would a color by any other name be thought of in the same way, regardless of the language used to describe it? According to new research, the answer is yes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Delwin Lindsey
Ohio State University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Needed: Soft robots to solve hard problems
Seeking to explore potential applications for soft, deformable robots, a largely unexplored area of robotics engineering, Dmitry Berenson, assistant professor of computer science at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, and Cagdas Onal, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at WPI, have secured nearly $600,000 from the National Science Foundation for two projects that could point toward practical uses in medicine, manufacturing, and disaster response.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Baron
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Clemson professor receives grant to delve into the foundation of scientific philosophy
Tom Oberdan, associate professor of science and technology in society, has received a Scholars Award of $128,000 from the National Science Foundation to explore the 20th-century origins of how philosophers think about science.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Oberdan
Clemson University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2015
Searching for the connections between art and science
As part of a growing scientific emphasis on understanding the brain, a University of Houston researcher is studying what happens as people create and contemplate art and beauty. Engineering professor Jose Luis Contreras-Vidal will use a grant from the National Science Foundation to track neural activity as people both make and view art.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 9-Sep-2015
ACS Nano
Science provides new way to peer into pores
Rice University scientists combine techniques to create a new way to characterize the nanoscale spaces in porous materials. The technique should be of value to materials and biological sciences.
Welch Foundation, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2015
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Study: Easy explanations for life's inequities lead to support for the status quo
What if you heard that on planet Teeku, the Blarks were a lot richer than the Orps, and you had to guess why? In a new study, participants were asked to select from several potential explanations for this fictional disparity. A majority focused on inherent traits of the Blarks and Orps (maybe the Blarks were smarter, or better workers than the Orps), rather than on external factors.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 9-Sep-2015
2015 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp 2015)
Android widgets may boost effectiveness of sleep-monitoring apps
An effective smartphone application should make data collection easy, but not so easy that the user forgets to access and reflect on that information, according to a team of researchers.
National Science Foundation, Intel Science and Technology Center for Pervasive Computing

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 9-Sep-2015
Physics Review Letters
Physicists catch a magnetic wave that offers promise for more energy-efficient computing
A team of physicists has taken pictures of a theorized but previously undetected magnetic wave, the discovery of which offers the potential to be an energy-efficient means to transfer data in consumer electronics.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, US Department of Energy

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2015
2015 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp 2015)
Battery-free smart camera nodes automatically determine their own pose and location
Scientists at Disney Research and the University of Washington have shown that a network of energy-harvesting sensor nodes equipped with onboard cameras can automatically determine each camera's pose and location using optical cues.
Intel Science and Technology Center for Pervasive Computing, Disney Corp., Google Faculty Research Award, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Liu
Disney Research

Public Release: 9-Sep-2015
Applications in Plant Sciences
Capturing introns: Targeting rapidly evolving regions of the genome for phylogenetics
Researchers have developed a technique to capture rapidly evolving genomic regions to understand evolutionary relationships among closely related species. Typically, studies use protein-coding genes, which evolve at a relatively slow rate. The current study, published in Applications in Plant Sciences, targets introns (the non-coding part of genes), which evolve at a much higher rate. Using publicly available genomic data, the technique was successfully tested on a recent, rapid radiation of plants in the Heuchera group.
American Society of Plant Taxonomists, National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grants program

Contact: Beth Parada
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 8-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A new factor in depression? Brain protein discovery could lead to better treatments
Low. Down. Less than normal. That's what the word depression means, and what people with depression often feel like. But sometimes, depression can mean too much of something -- as new research shows. The discovery, about a protein called fibroblast growth factor 9 or FGF9, goes against previous findings that depressed brains often have less of key components than non-depressed brains.
Pritzker Consortium, National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, National Institute of Mental Health, Hope for Depression Research Foundation

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Showing releases 151-175 out of 858.

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