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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 151-175 out of 859.

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Public Release: 6-Aug-2015
Science
New algorithm aimed at combating science's reproducibility problem
A research team that bridges academia and industry has developed a new tool that can help identify false discoveries made through adaptive analysis. In a study published in Science, they have outlined a method for successively testing hypotheses on the same data set without compromising statistical assurances that their conclusions are valid.
Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Rangeland Ecology and Management
Population changes, priorities cause woodlands to increase
Woody plant encroachment is one of the biggest challenges facing rangelands worldwide, but it consistently has been under-measured and poorly understood, said a Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientist in College Station. Dr. Matthew Berg, an AgriLife Research postdoctoral research associate in the Texas A&M department of ecosystem and science management, is trying to change both the understanding and measurement with his latest study.
US Department of Agriculture-National Institute of Food, National Science Foundation, and Texas A&M University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences/Tom Slick Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Dr. Matthew Berg
mattberg@tamu.edu
979-450-9671
Texas A&M AgriLife Communications

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
PLOS ONE
Making a better nitrate test kit
This little black box could change how we study one of the world's biggest water quality issues. Our Michigan Tech team joined up with the Nitrate Elimination Company to create this this new nitrate test kit.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Pearce
pearce@mtu.edu
906-487-1466
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Current Biology
Natural selection, key to evolution, also can impede formation of new species
An intriguing study involving walking stick insects led by the University of Sheffield in England and the University of Colorado Boulder shows how natural selection, the engine of evolution, can also impede the formation of new species.
European Research Council, National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Human Frontier Science Program, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Samuel Flaxman
samuel.flaxman@colorado.edu
303-492-7814
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Journal of Mammalogy
Pandas set their own pace, tracking reveals
When it comes to body clocks, pandas are the rugged individualists of the forest. The research team led by scientists at Michigan State University (MSU) that has spent years getting unprecedented peeks into panda habits courtesy of five animals with GPS collars has learned their daily routines fall out of the ordinary.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Sue Nichols
nichols@msu.edu
517-282-1093
Michigan State University

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
The Astrophysical Journal Letters
Milky Way-like galaxies may have existed in the early universe
A new, large-scale computer simulation has shown for the first time that large disk galaxies, much like our own Milky Way, may have existed in the early days of the universe. The simulation, created by physicists at Carnegie Mellon University's McWilliams Center for Cosmology and the University of California Berkeley, shows that the early universe -- a mere 500 million years after the Big Bang -- might have had more order and structure than previously thought.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Nature Materials
Sandcastles inspire new nanoparticle binding technique
In a paper published this week in Nature Materials, researchers from North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill show that magnetic nanoparticles encased in oily liquid shells can bind together in water, much like sand particles mixed with the right amount of water can form sandcastles.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office

Contact: Dr. Orlin Velev
odvelev@ncsu.edu
919-513-4318
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
How makerspaces can be more accessible to people with disabilities
University of Washington researchers have released new guidelines to make MakerSpaces more accessible to people with disabilities, as these communal spaces with soldering irons, 3-D printers, sewing machines and other 'making' tools pop up nationwide.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Journal of Experimental Biology
Parental experience may help coral offspring survive climate change
A new study from scientists at the University of Hawai'i - Mānoa's Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology reveals that preconditioning adult corals to increased temperature and ocean acidification resulted in offspring that may be better able to handle those future environmental stressors. This rapid trans-generational acclimatization may be able to 'buy time' for corals in the race against climate change.
National Science Foundation, National Marine Sanctuary Program and Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology Reserve Partnership, International Society for Reef Studies, Ocean Conservancy, American Fisheries Society, and US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
mworkman@hawaii.edu
808-956-3151
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Computer algorithm can forecast patients' deadly sepsis
A new computer-based method correctly predicts septic shock in 85 percent of cases, without increasing the false positive rate from screening methods that are common now.
National Science Foundation, Google Research, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering

Contact: Arthur Hirsch
ahirsch6@jhu.edu
443-997-9909
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
UT Arlington Research Institute teams with Dallas firm to build new solar optics system
The University of Texas at Arlington Research Institute and Dallas-based Skyven Technologies have been awarded a National Science Foundation's Small Business Innovation Research program grant to build and test a Phase 1 prototype of a novel optics system for concentrating sunlight more than 1,000 times the usual amplification.
NSF/Small Business Innovation Research Grant

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Nature Physics
World's quietest gas lets physicists hear faint quantum effects
Bose-Einstein Condensates have been cooled to a record 0.5 nanoKelvin, but the entropy of these gases are relatively high, meaning half the gas is normal, not quantum. UC Berkeley physicists found a way to reduce the entropy or noise in a BEC system at 1 nanoKelvin so that nearly all atoms are in the same quantum state, creating the quietest gas ever. It can be used to model quantum magnets and high-temperature superconductors.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, US Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
International Conference on Intelligent Robotics and Systems
Giving robots a more nimble grasp
Engineers at MIT have now hit upon a way to impart more dexterity to simple robotic grippers: using the environment as a helping hand. The team, led by Alberto Rodriguez, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering, and graduate student Nikhil Chavan-Dafle, has developed a model that predicts the force with which a robotic gripper needs to push against various fixtures in the environment in order to adjust its grasp on an object.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Sardines, anchovies, other fast-growing fish vulnerable to dramatic population plunges
A Rutgers marine biologist studying the rise and fall of fish populations worldwide recently made a counterintuitive discovery: ocean species that grow quickly and reproduce frequently are more likely to experience dramatic plunges in population than larger, slower growing fish such as sharks or tuna. In nearly all of the cases, overfishing was the culprit. Combining climate variability with high levels of fishing greatly increases the risk of population collapse.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carl Blesch
cblesch@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Animal Behaviour
Spiders quickly learn eavesdropping to gain ground on the mating competition
Results of an NSF-funded research partnership are revealed in the August issue of the prestigious international journal Animal Behaviour.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dawn Fuller
dawn.fuller@uc.edu
513-556-1823
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Parenting: Science and Practice
How new moms assess their partners' ability to parent
New mothers take a close look at their personal relationship with their husband or partner when deciding how much they want him involved in parenting, new research finds.
National Science Foundation, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan
Schoppe-Sullivan.1@osu.edu
Ohio State University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Environmental Science & Technology
Protecting the environment by re-thinking death
Scientists first had to re-think death before they could develop a way of testing the potential harm to the environment caused by thousands of chemicals humankind uses each day. Researchers led by Dr Roman Ashauer, of the Environment Department at the University of York, refined the technique of survival analysis used routinely by toxicologists, biologists, medical researchers and engineers. The research could pave the way for testing the estimated 15,000 substances discovered daily.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Federal Office for the Environment

Contact: David Garner
david.garner@york.ac.uk
44-019-043-22153
University of York

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Astrophysical Journal
Neutron stars strike back at black holes in jet contest
Radio observations with the Very Large Array showed a neutron star in a binary system with a normal companion producing strong jets of superfast material, rivaling those of their much-denser cousins, black holes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
dfinley@nrao.edu
575-835-7302
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Environmental Science and Technology
CU-Boulder researchers use wastewater treatment to capture CO2, produce energy
Cleaning up municipal and industrial wastewater can be dirty business, but engineers at the University of Colorado Boulder have developed an innovative wastewater treatment process that not only mitigates carbon dioxide emissions, but actively captures greenhouse gases as well.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Zhiyong Jason Ren
jason.ren@colorado.edu
303-492-4137
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study calculates the speed of ice formation
Researchers at Princeton University have for the first time directly calculated the rate at which water crystallizes into ice in a realistic computer model of water molecules. Understanding ice formation adds to our knowledge of how cold temperatures affect both living and non-living systems, including how living cells respond to cold and how ice forms in clouds at high altitudes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
LSU faculty lead efforts to win $20 million grant to form Louisiana Advanced Manufacturing Consortium
Faculty from LSU's Colleges of Engineering and Science spearheaded efforts through the Louisiana Board of Regents to win a $20 million grant from the National Science Foundation, or NSF, to create a national consortium supporting advanced manufacturing research. The Louisiana Board of Regents submitted the grant on behalf of Louisiana with support from five state universities: LSU, Louisiana Tech, Grambling, Southern and University of New Orleans.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ernie Ballard
eballa1@lsu.edu
225-578-5685
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Journal of the American Chemical Society
NYU scientists bring order, and color, to microparticles
A team of New York University scientists has developed a technique that prompts microparticles to form ordered structures in a variety of materials. The advance offers a method to potentially improve the makeup and color of optical materials used in computer screens along with other consumer products.
US Army Research Office, National Research Foundation of Korea, National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Nature Neuroscience
Character traits outweigh material benefits in assessing value others bring us
When it comes to making decisions involving others, the impression we have of their character weighs more heavily than do our assessments of how they can benefit us, a team of NYU researchers has found.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Small tilt in magnets makes them viable memory chips
Engineers have found a new way to switch the polarization of nanomagnets without the need for an external magnetic field. The advance brings the semiconductor industry a major step closer to moving high-density storage from hard disks onto integrated circuits, and could soon lead to instant-on computers that operate with far greater speed and use significantly less power.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Semiconductor Technology Advanced Research Network's Function Accelerated nanoMaterial Engineering Center

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 3-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ocean changes are affecting salmon biodiversity and survival
What happens at the Equator, doesn't stay at the Equator. El Niņo-associated changes in the ocean may be putting the biodiversity of two Northern Pacific salmon species at risk, according to a UC Davis study.
National Science Foundation, National Marine Fisheries Service/Sea Grant

Contact: Patrick Kilduff
dpkilduff@ucdavis.edu
530-304-7257
University of California - Davis

Showing releases 151-175 out of 859.

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