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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 151-175 out of 830.

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Public Release: 2-Jun-2015
BioScience
Coupled human and natural systems explain change on the Mongolian Plateau
Using well-established metrics of social, economic, and ecosystem functions, researchers have achieved a holistic view of coupled human and natural systems on the Mongolian Plateau. This view reveals a dynamic system of interacting factors, with widely varied results in the plateau's two geopolitical regions.
National Science Foundation, NASA, Natural Science Foundation of China, International Center for Ecology, Meteorology, and Environment

Contact: James Verdier
jverdier@aibs.org
205-286-8626
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 1-Jun-2015
Eight schools test-drive PULSE certification of undergraduate biology education
The organization PULSE has announced the results of a pilot certification program for undergraduate life science departments. PULSE is a collaborative effort to catalyze the adoption of the principles outlined in the 2011 Vision and Change Report: A Call to Action, published by the AAAS. The eight participants in the pilot program were chosen from among more than 70 applicants.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pamela Pape-lindstrom
ppape@everettcc.edu
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 1-Jun-2015
Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research
Ancient algae found deep in tropical glacier
Rice, Nebraska and Ohio State researchers looking for carbon in equatorial ice cores find diatoms, a type of algae. Their presence is evidence of what the landscape around the Andes in Peru might have been like more than a millennium ago.
Welch Foundation, Byrd Polar Research Center, Shared Equipment Authority at Rice, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 1-Jun-2015
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
At peak fertility, women who desire to maintain body attractiveness report they eat less
Women near peak fertility -- those nearing ovulation -- and who are motivated to manage their body appearance, reported they desire to lose weight and so ate fewer calories. Those are findings from three new independent studies, says lead author Andrea Meltzer, Southern Methodist University, Dallas. Previous ovulation research has attributed reduced eating solely to neuroendocrinological factors. The new findings indicate an additional factor is a woman's concern about her body appearance, say Meltzer and her co-authors.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Margaret Allen
mallen@smu.edu
214-768-7664
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 1-Jun-2015
Advanced Material Interfaces
New sensing tech could help detect diseases, fraudulent art, chemical weapons
Discovered in the 1970s, SERS is a sensing technique prized for its ability to identify chemical and biological molecules in a wide range of fields. It has been commercialized, but not widely. That may soon change. An international research team led by University at Buffalo engineers has developed nanotechnology that promises to make SERS simpler and more affordable.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
716-645-4614
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 1-Jun-2015
International Symposium on Mechanochemistry
All shook up for greener chemistry
UC research is the only American research at an international conference examining trends and benefits of mechanochemistry.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dawn Fuller
dawn.fuller@uc.edu
513-556-1823
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 1-Jun-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Hitchhiking to Caribbean coral
Recently-introduced algae in Caribbean offers short-term benefits but could have serious long-term negative effects. New evidence shows it likely arrived via cargo ships from the Pacific.
National Science Foundation, Canon Foundation, Pennsylvania State University, Florida International University, PADI Foundation

Contact: Andrea Boyle Tippett
aboyle@udel.edu
302-831-1421
University of Delaware

Public Release: 1-Jun-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Invasive microbe protects corals from global warming, but at a cost
An invasive species of symbiotic micro-alga has spread across the Caribbean Sea, according to an international team of researchers. These single-cell algae, which live within the cells of coral animals, are improving the resilience of coral communities to heat stress caused by global warming, but also are diminishing the abilities of corals to build reefs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 28-May-2015
Nature Physics
Physicists precisely measure interaction between atoms and carbon surfaces
Physicists at the University of Washington have conducted the most precise and controlled measurements yet of the interaction between the atoms and molecules that comprise air and the type of carbon surface used in battery electrodes and air filters -- key information for improving those technologies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Kelley
kellep@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 28-May-2015
Science Signaling
Understanding how cells follow electric fields
Weak electric fields may be important in guiding cells into wounds to heal them. Researchers at UC Davis and Johns Hopkins have developed a screen to search for genes linked to electrotaxis, the ability to move in response to electric fields.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, California Institute of Regenerative Medicine, NSF-China, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 28-May-2015
Nature Materials
OSU researchers prove magnetism can control heat, sound
Elemental particles that transmit both heat and sound -- known as acoustic phonons -- also have magnetic properties and can, therefore, be controlled by magnets, even for materials thought to be 'nonmagnetic,' such as semiconductors. This discovery 'adds a new dimension to our understanding of acoustic waves,' according to a landmark study confirmed by simulations conducted at the Ohio Supercomputer Center and recently published in the journal Nature Materials by researchers from The Ohio State University.
US Army Research Office, US Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, Materials Research Science and Engineering Center at The Ohio State University

Contact: Jamie Abel
jabel@oh-tech.org
614-292-6495
Ohio Supercomputer Center

Public Release: 28-May-2015
BMC Evolutionary Biology
In battle of the sexes, a single night with a New York male is enough to kill
Men and women often enter relationships with different long-term goals. In the animal world, differences in approaches to reproductive success can lead to sexual conflict. In a new study, scientists show that sexual conflicts can evolve rapidly in natural populations, driven by competition among males for mating success.
National Science Foundation, National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Undergraduate Science Program

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 28-May-2015
SDSC, UCSD focus on sustainable computer science courses
The San Diego Supercomputer Center at the University of California, San Diego, has been awarded a three-year National Science Foundation grant valued at almost $1 million to help three of the region's school districts develop model 'villages' for introducing and sustaining up-to-date computer science courses in their curriculum.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jan Zverina
jzverina@sdsc.edu
858-534-5111
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 28-May-2015
Nature Communications
Donuts, math, and superdense teleportation of quantum information
Quantum teleportation has been achieved by a number of research teams around the globe since it was first theorized in 1993, but current experimental methods require extensive resources and/or only work successfully a fraction of the time. Now, by taking advantage of the mathematical properties intrinsic to the shape of a donut -- or torus, in mathematical terminology -- a research team led by physicist Paul Kwiat of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has made great strides by realizing 'superdense teleportation.'
National Science Foundation, NASA/NIAC Program, NASA

Contact: Siv Schwink
sschwink@illinois.edu
217-300-2201
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 28-May-2015
Science
New study shows influence on climate of fresh water during last ice age
A new study shows how huge influxes of fresh water into the North Atlantic Ocean from icebergs calving off North America during the last ice age had an unexpected effect -- they increased the production of methane in the tropical wetlands.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Rachael Rhodes
rhodesra@geo.oregonstate.edu
541-737-1209
Oregon State University

Public Release: 27-May-2015
Child Development
Notre Dame paper examines how students understand mathematics
A new paper by McNeil and Emily Fyfe, a former Notre Dame undergraduate who's now a doctoral student at Vanderbilt University, examines if the labels educators use to identify patterns affects preschoolers' understanding of patterns.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicole McNeil
nmcneil@nd.edu
574-631-5678
University of Notre Dame

Public Release: 27-May-2015
Environmental Microbiology
Pinpointing natural cancer drug's true origins brings sustainable production a step closer
For decades, scientists have known that ET-743, a compound extracted from a marine invertebrate called a mangrove tunicate, can kill cancer cells. The drug has been approved for use in patients in Europe and is in clinical trials in the US.
International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups, Fogarty International Center, National Science Foundation, DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Contact: Ian Demsky
idemsky@umich.edu
734-647-9837
University of Michigan

Public Release: 27-May-2015
Nature
New human ancestor species from Ethiopia lived alongside Lucy's species
A new relative joins 'Lucy' on the human family tree. An international team of scientists, led by Dr. Yohannes Haile-Selassie of The Cleveland Museum of Natural History, has discovered a 3.3 to 3.5 million-year-old new human ancestor species. Upper and lower jaw fossils recovered from the Woranso-Mille area of the Afar region of Ethiopia have been assigned to the new species Australopithecus deyiremeda. This hominin lived alongside the famous 'Lucy's' species, Australopithecus afarensis.
National Science Foundation, Leakey Foundation, Wenner-Gren Foundation, National Geographic Society, Cleveland Museum of Natural History

Contact: Glenda Bogar
gbogar@cmnh.org
216-231-2071
Cleveland Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 27-May-2015
Nature
Invisible helpers of the sea: Marine bacteria boost growth of tiny ocean algae
A common diatom grows faster in the presence of bacteria that release a growth hormone known to benefit plants on land.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Motivation and Emotion
Friendships start better with a smile
If you want to strike up a new relationship, simply smile. It works because people are much more attuned to positive emotions when forming new bonds than they are to negative ones. Don't try to fake it, however, because people can recognize a sincere smile a mile away. This is according to a study that sheds light on how relationships are formed and maintained. The findings are published in Springer's journal Motivation and Emotion.
National Science Foundation, Graduate Opportunity Fellowship at UCBerkeley, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Joan Robinson
joan.robinson@springer.com
49-622-148-78130
Springer

Public Release: 26-May-2015
WIREs Water
Blueprint for a thirsty world from Down Under
The Millennium Drought in southeastern Australia forced Greater Melbourne, a city of 4.3 million people, to successfully implement innovations that hold critical lessons for water-stressed regions around the world, according to findings by UC Irvine and Australian researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Wilson
janethw@uci.edu
949-824-3969
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 26-May-2015
Nature Climate Change
Climate change debate fueled by 'echo chambers,' new study finds
A new study demonstrates the highly contentious debate on climate change is fueled in part by how information flows throughout policy networks. Researchers found that 'echo chambers' -- social network structures where individuals with the same viewpoint share information with each other -- may help explain why, despite a well-documented scientific consensus on the causes of global changes in climate, half of US senators voted earlier this year against an amendment affirming that climate change is human-induced.
National Science Foundation, National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center

Contact: Melissa Andreychek
mandreychek@sesync.org
410-919-4990
National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center

Public Release: 25-May-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Like Sleeping Beauty, some research lies dormant for decades, IU study finds
A new study from the Indiana University Bloomington School of Informatics and Computing's Center for Complex Networks and Systems explores 'sleeping beauties,' research papers that remain dormant for years and then suddenly explode with great impact upon the scientific community.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 25-May-2015
Nature Nanotechnology
One step closer to a single-molecule device
Columbia Engineering professor Latha Venkataraman has designed a new technique to create a single-molecule diode, and, in doing so, she has developed molecular diodes that perform 50 times better than all prior designs. Venkataraman's group is the first to develop a single-molecule diode that may have real-world technological applications for nanoscale devices.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Packard Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
347-453-7408
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 25-May-2015
Nature Genetics
Team pinpoints genes that make plant stem cells, revealing origin of beefsteak tomatoes
A team of scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory has identified a set of genes that control stem cell production in tomato. Mutations in these genes explain the origin of mammoth beefsteak tomatoes. More important, the research suggests how breeders can optimize fruit size in potentially any fruit-bearing crop.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Life Sciences Research Foundation, Energy Biosciences Institute, DuPont Pioneer, National Science Foundation, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: Peter Tarr
tarr@cshl.edu
516-367-8455
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Showing releases 151-175 out of 830.

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