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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 151-175 out of 878.

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Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
Nature
What agricultural 'ecosystems on steroids' are doing to the air
In a study that identifies a new, 'direct fingerprint' of human activity on Earth, scientists have found that agricultural crops play a big role in seasonal swings of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
734-647-7087
University of Michigan

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
Nature
Crops help to drive greater seasonal change in CO2 cycle
A team of researchers led by Boston University scientists has shown that agricultural production may generate up to a quarter of the increase in seasonal carbon cycle, with corn playing a leading role.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kira Jastive
kjastive@bu.edu
617-358-1240
Boston University

Public Release: 19-Nov-2014
Nature
Of mice, not men
For more than a century, the laboratory mouse (Mus musculus) has stood in for humans in experiments ranging from deciphering disease and brain function to explaining social behaviors and the nature of obesity. The small rodent has proven to be an indispensable biological tool, the basis for decades of profound scientific discovery and medical progress.
National Institutes of Health, Spanish Plan Nacional, National Science Foundation

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-5232
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Ecography
Fossils cast doubt on climate-change projections on habitats
Leave it to long-dead short-tailed shrew and flying squirrels to outfox climate-modelers trying to predict future habitats.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
The Anatomical Record
Were Neanderthals a sub-species of modern humans? New research says no
In an extensive, multi-institution study led by SUNY Downstate Medical Center, researchers have identified new evidence supporting the growing belief that Neanderthals were a distinct species separate from modern humans (Homo sapiens), and not a subspecies of modern humans.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ron Najman
ron.najman@downstate.edu
718-270-2696
SUNY Downstate Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Nature Communications
Two sensors in one
MIT chemists have developed new nanoparticles that can simultaneously perform magnetic resonance imaging and fluorescent imaging in animals.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense, National Science Foundation, Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Scientific Reports
Training can lead to synesthetic experiences, study shows
A new study has shown for the first time how people can be trained to 'see' letters of the alphabet as colors in a way that simulates how those with synesthesia experience their world.
Dr. Mortimer and Theresa Sackler Foundation, Swiss National Science Foundation, Holcim Foundation for the Advancement of Scientific Research

Contact: Jacqui Bealing
press@sussex.ac.uk
44-127-387-7437
University of Sussex

Public Release: 18-Nov-2014
Biology Letters
Warmer temperatures limit impact of parasites, boost pest populations
Research shows that some insect pests are thriving in warm, urban environments and developing earlier, limiting the impact of parasitoid wasps that normally help keep those pest populations in check.
US Department of Interior, US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Viruses impaired if their targets have diverse genes
When a viral infection spread through five genetically identical mice in a row, the virus replicated faster and became more virulent or severe. But when the infection spread one-by-one through five genetically diverse mice, the virus had trouble adapting and became less virulent. The University of Utah study suggests that increased genetic diversity should be promoted in livestock and in captive-bred endangered species so as to limit their risk of getting deadly infections.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
lee.siegel@utah.edu
801-244-5399
University of Utah

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering of the Biomedical Engineering Society
Thomas Gaborski named 2014 Young Innovator by international Biomedical Engineering Society
Thomas Gaborski, assistant professor of biomedical engineering at Rochester Institute of Technology, and his research team are developing ways to use ultra-thin nano-membranes and adipose stem cells to create the vascular network necessary in engineering tissue, skin and organs. For his work with thin membranes and cell culture on membranes, Gaborski received the 2014 Young Innovator Award in Cellular and Molecular Bioengineering given by the Biomedical Engineering Society.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Cometa
macuns@rit.edu
585-475-4954
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New paper identifies virus devastating sea stars on Pacific Coast
Specimens from the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County have helped explain the mysteriously sudden appearance of a disease that has decimated sea stars on the North American Pacific Coast.
National Science Foundation, Cornell University's David R. Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future

Contact: Kristin Friedrich
kfriedrich@nhm.org
213-763-3532
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Biomicrofluidics
New advance in cryopreservation could change management of world blood supplies
Engineers have identified a method to rapidly prepare frozen red blood cells for transfusions, which may offer an important new way to manage the world's blood supply.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Adam Higgins
adam.higgins@oregonstate.edu
541-737-4600
Oregon State University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Why lizards have bird breath
Biologists long assumed that one-way air flow was a special adaptation in birds driven by the intense energy demands of flight. But now University of Utah scientists have shown that bird-like breathing also developed in green iguanas -- reptiles not known for high-capacity aerobic fitness. The finding bolsters the case that unidirectional bird-like flow evolved long before the first birds.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joe Rojas
joe.rojas@utah.edu
801-585-6861
University of Utah

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Molecular Biology and Evolution
Tiny fish provides giant insight into how organisms adapt to changing environment
An Indiana University-Dartmouth College team has identified genes and regulatory patterns that allow some organisms to alter their body form in response to environmental change.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Department of Defense, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Hanchett
jimhanch@indiana.edu
812-856-5490
Indiana University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Nature Nanotechnology
Researchers create & control spin waves, lifting prospects for enhanced info processing
A team of NYU and University of Barcelona physicists has developed a method to control the movements occurring within magnetic materials, which are used to store and carry information. The breakthrough could simultaneously bolster information processing while reducing the energy necessary to do so.
National Science Foundation, Army Research Office, US Department of Energy

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Major brain pathway rediscovered after century-old confusion, controversy
Researchers recently rediscovered a mysterious major brain pathway that had long been absent from anatomy textbooks. Their findings are being published Nov. 17 by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Deborah Bach
bach2@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Nature Communications
Evolutionary constraints revealed in diversity of fish skulls
In the aquatic environment, suction feeding is far more common than biting as a way to capture prey. A new study shows that the evolution of biting behavior in eels led to a remarkable diversification of skull shapes, indicating that the skull shapes of most fish are limited by the structural requirements for suction feeding.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scripps Research Institute scientists reveal weak spots in Ebola's defenses
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have identified weak spots on the surface of Ebola virus that are targeted by the antibodies in ZMapp, the experimental drug cocktail administered to several patients during the recent Ebola outbreak.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation, Ray Thomas Edwards Foundation, Burroughs Welcome Fund

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Subtle shifts in the Earth could forecast earthquakes, tsunamis
Earthquakes and tsunamis can be giant disasters no one sees coming, but now an international team of scientists led by a University of South Florida professor have found that subtle shifts in the earth's offshore plates can be a harbinger of the size of the disaster.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Dixon
thd@usf.edu
305-323-1820
University of South Florida (USF Health)

Public Release: 14-Nov-2014
Rutgers engineers create smartphone app to cut risk of power outages
An easy-to-use smartphone app developed by Rutgers engineers will help keep the lights on in a heavily wooded New Jersey suburb that suffered widespread power outages during Superstorm Sandy. Volunteers in Warren Township used smartphones running the app to document 351 vulnerable spots along 317 miles of wire. The township presented these results to the utilities, which corrected the problems before the 2014 hurricane season.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carl Blesch
cblesch@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 14-Nov-2014
Nature Communications
New form of crystalline order holds promise for thermoelectric applications
A team of researchers from Vanderbilt University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory reports that it has discovered an entirely new form of crystalline order that simultaneously exhibits both crystal and polycrystalline properties and holds promise for improving the efficiency of thermoelectric devices.
National Science Foundation, United States Department of Energy

Contact: David Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 13-Nov-2014
Wearable tech for the battlefield and people at risk for heart attacks
Wearable devices can count the steps you take and the calories you burn. But can they help soldiers in the field? Or prevent someone from having a heart attack? Researchers at Sentient Science and the University at Buffalo say yes.
Office of Naval Research Small Business Technology Transfer Program

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
716-645-4614
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 13-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Symbiotic plants are more diverse, finds new study
A new study published in PNAS finds that when plants develop mutually beneficial relationships with animals, mainly insects, those plant families become more diverse by evolving into more species over time.
National Science Foundation, John Templeton Foundation, Society for the Study of Evolution

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
vpk6@cornell.edu
607-255-7701
Cornell University

Public Release: 13-Nov-2014
2014 IEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)
Cats and athletes teach robots to fall
Georgia Tech studies mid-air orientation and impact behavior in both cats and humans as it applies to reduced impact in falling robots, especially those that one day may be used for search-and-rescue missions in hazardous conditions.
National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Phillip Taylor
ptaylor@cc.gatech.edu
404-894-7253
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Nov-2014
ACS Nano
New way to move atomically thin semiconductors for use in flexible devices
Researchers have developed a new way to transfer thin semiconductor films, which are only one atom thick, onto arbitrary substrates, paving the way for flexible computing or photonic devices.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Showing releases 151-175 out of 878.

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