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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 151-175 out of 936.

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Public Release: 15-Jan-2016
Science Advances
Gregarious chimps harbor richer gut microbiomes
Spending time in close contact with others means risking catching germs and getting sick. But being sociable may also help transmit 'good' microbes, finds a new study. Researchers monitored changes in the gut microbiomes and social behavior of chimpanzees over eight years in Tanzania. The number of bacterial species in a chimp's GI tract increased when the chimps were more gregarious. The results help scientists understand the factors that maintain a healthy gut microbiome.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 14-Jan-2016
Nature Nanotechnology
New particle can track chemo
Tracking the path of chemotherapy drugs in real time and at a cellular level could revolutionize cancer care and help doctors sort out why two patients might respond differently to the same treatment. Researchers at The Ohio State University have found a way to light up a common cancer drug so they can see where the chemo goes and how long it takes to get there.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mingjun Zhang
Zhang.4882@osu.edu
614-292-3181
Ohio State University

Public Release: 14-Jan-2016
Risk Analysis
Study of altruism during the Ebola outbreak suggests good intentions are in the details
A study of risk communication as it relates to altruistic behavior has found that portraying an event as a distant risk, despite highlighting its importance and potential progression, fails to prompt altruistic behavior intention among the US public.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bert Gambini
gambini@buffalo.edu
716-645-5334
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 14-Jan-2016
PLOS ONE
Oh, snap! What snapping shrimp sound patterns may tell us about reef ecosystems
The tiny snapping shrimp's noisy habits could play a big role in reef ecology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tracey Peake
tracey_peake@ncsu.edu
919-515-6142
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 14-Jan-2016
Nature Materials
Flexible film may lead to phone-sized cancer detector
A thin, stretchable film that coils light waves like a Slinky could one day lead to more precise, less expensive monitoring for cancer survivors.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Defense

Contact: Gabe Cherry
gcherry@umich.edu
737-763-2937
University of Michigan

Public Release: 14-Jan-2016
Work on the mystery of the glass transition receives NSF CAREER grant
Why can some materials act like solids without crystallizing? This question - the central issue in the study of the 'glass transition' -- is one of the longest standing and most technologically important problems in materials science and soft matter physics. Dr. David S. Simmons, an assistant professor in the Department of Polymer Engineering at The University of Akron, has been awarded a prestigious National Science Foundation CAREER Award to study this problem.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Craig
lmc91@uakron.edu
330-972-7429
University of Akron

Public Release: 14-Jan-2016
Current Biology
IU study shows first evidence for independent working memory systems in animals
A new study from Indiana University is the first to confirm that animals possess multiple 'working memory' systems, or the ability to remember more information across two categories versus a single category.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 14-Jan-2016
Cell
Trio of autism-linked molecules orchestrate neuron connections
Duke University researchers reveal how three proteins work in concert to wire up a specific area of the developing brain that is responsible for processing visual information. The findings, published in Cell, may also lend insight into brain disorders including autism, depression and addiction.
National Institutes of Health, Swiss National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Ruth K. Broad Biomedical Research Foundation, Brumley Neonatal Perinatal Research Institute, and others

Contact: Karl Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 14-Jan-2016
Science
What is 10 miles across, but powers an explosion brighter than the Milky Way?
Astronomers have spotted what may be the brightest supernova ever seen -- and discovered a mysterious object at its center.
National Science Foundation, Center for Cosmology and Astro Particle Physics at The Ohio State University, Mt. Cuba Astronomical Foundation, Robert Martin Ayers Sciences Fund, and others

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 14-Jan-2016
Neuron
Remembering to the future: Researchers shed new light on how our memories guide attention
A team of researchers has discovered that differences in the types of memories we have influence the nature of our future encounters. Their findings show how distinct parts of the brain, underlying different kinds of memories, also influence our attention in new situations.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 13-Jan-2016
Journal of the Roayl Society Interface
Shiny fish skin inspires nanoscale light reflectors
A nature-inspired method to model the reflection of light from the skin of silvery fish and other organisms may be possible, according to Penn State researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 13-Jan-2016
Transportation Science
Cutting down runway queues
Engineers at MIT have developed a queuing model that predicts how long a plane will wait before takeoff, given weather conditions, runway traffic, and incoming and outgoing flight schedules. The model may help air traffic controllers direct departures more efficiently, minimizing runway congestion.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Jan-2016
Nature Microbiology
How bacterial communication 'goes with the flow' in causing infection, blockage
Researchers from Princeton University have found that fluid flow and environment have important consequences for how bacterial cells talk to each other and act collectively to cause diseases or clog pipes. The findings, published in the journal Nature Microbiology, provide a better understanding of where and when in a system scientists can interfere with bacterial communication to help prevent infections and blockages.
National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Institutes of Health, and Princeton/Eric and Wendy Schmidt Transformative Technology Fund

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 13-Jan-2016
BioScience
Plague-riddled prairie dogs a model for infectious disease spread
Sporadic outbreaks of plague among black-tailed prairie dogs is an ideal model for the study of infectious zoonotic disease, say Colorado State University biologists.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anne Ju Manning
anne.manning@colostate.edu
970-491-7099
Colorado State University

Public Release: 13-Jan-2016
Nature Communications
Fires burning in Africa and Asia cause high ozone in tropical Pacific
A new study suggests that the burning of forests and vegetation may play a larger role in climate change than previously realized. Based on aircraft observations, satellite data and models, the findings indicate 'biomass burning' may need to be addressed with future regulations. Following closely after COP21, the results could suggest a need to look at other sources of greenhouse gas emissions, in addition to industrial activities and fossil fuel combustion in industrialized nations.
Natural Environment Research Council, National Science Foundation, NASA, NOAA

Contact: Abby Robinson
abbyr@umd.edu
301-405-5845
University of Maryland

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Micromachines
Microbots individually controlled using 'mini force fields'
Researchers are using a technology likened to 'mini force fields' to independently control individual microrobots operating within groups, an advance aimed at using the tiny machines in areas including manufacturing and medicine.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Emil Venere
venere@purdue.edu
765-494-4709
Purdue University

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Harmful Algae
Ocean current in Gulf of Mexico linked to red tide
A new study found that a major ocean current in the Gulf of Mexico plays an important role in sustaining Florida red tide blooms. The University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science research team suggest that the position of the Loop Current can serve as an indicator of whether the algal bloom will be sustained, and provide warning of possible hazardous red tide conditions in coastal areas.
The Oceans and Human Health Center at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School, National Science Foundation grant, Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
New book highlights research in emerging field of video bioinformatics
The first book to review the emerging interdisciplinary field of video bioinformatics was published in December by Springer. Titled 'Video Bioinformatics: From Live Imaging to Knowledge,' the book was edited by Bir Bhanu, distinguished professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of California, Riverside, and Prue Talbot, professor of cell biology and director of the Stem Cell Center and Core at UCR.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
sarah.nightingale@ucr.edu
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Plant Ecology and Diversity
CU-Boulder study: Mountains west of Boulder continue to lose ice as climate warms
New research led by the University of Colorado Boulder indicates an ongoing loss of ice on Niwot Ridge and the adjacent Green Lakes Valley in the high mountains west of Boulder is likely to progress as the climate continues to warm.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mark Williams
markw.snobear@gmail.com
303-492-8830
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Scientific Reports
Uncovering oxygen's role in enhancing red LEDs
Last week, an international group of researchers shed light on oxygen's role in enhancing red LEDs and reported that the quantity and location of oxygen in gallium nitride (GaN) can be fine-tuned to improve the optical performance of europium-doped GaN devices. The group includes researchers from Lehigh, Osaka University in Japan, the Instituto Superior Técnico in Portugal, the University of Mount Union in Ohio, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee.
National Science Foundation, Grant-in-Aid for Creative Scientific Research, Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research

Contact: Lori Friedman
lof214@lehigh.edu
610-758-3224
Lehigh University

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Psychological Science
Basic ratio capacity may serve as building block for math knowledge
Understanding fractions is a critical mathematical ability, and yet it's one that continues to confound a lot of people well into adulthood. New research finds evidence for an innate ratio processing ability that may play a role in determining our aptitude for understanding fractions and other formal mathematical concepts.
Wisconsin Alumni Research Fund, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Nature Neuroscience
Researchers uncover 'predictive neuron orchestra' behind looking and reaching movements
Different groups of neurons 'predict' the body's subsequent looking and reaching movements, suggesting an orchestration among distinct parts of the brain, a team of neuroscientists has found. The study enhances our understanding of the decision-making process, potentially offering insights into different forms of mental illness -- afflictions in which this dynamic is typically impaired.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Biological Technologies Office

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 49
How black men can succeed in IT careers
Expanding the range of black men's career options in an increasingly technology-oriented world will help alleviate high unemployment and poverty they often experience, according to a study examining the career paths of successful black men in college.
National Science Foundation

Contact: K.D. Joshi
joshi@wsu.edu
206-405-0499
Washington State University

Public Release: 12-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Poison warmed over
University of Utah lab experiments found that when temperatures get warmer, woodrats suffer a reduced ability to live on their normal diet of toxic creosote -- suggesting that global warming may hurt plant-eating animals.
National Science Foundation, American Society of Mammalogists, Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
lee.siegel@utah.edu
801-244-5399
University of Utah

Public Release: 11-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Conflict among honey bee genes supports theory of altruism
Using modern genetic approaches, a team of researchers has provided strong support for the long-standing, but hotly debated, evolutionary theory of kin selection, which suggests that altruistic behavior occurs as a way to pass genes to the next generation.
National Science Foundation, John Templeton Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Showing releases 151-175 out of 936.

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