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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 176-200 out of 917.

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Public Release: 27-May-2016
Environmental Science & Technology
Appalachian coal ash richest in rare earth elements
The first comprehensive study of the content of rare earth elements in coal ashes from the United States shows that coal originating from the Appalachian Mountains has the highest concentrations of scarce elements like neodymium, europium, terbium, dysprosium, yttrium and erbium that are needed for alternative energy and other technologies. The study also reveals how important developing inexpensive, efficient extraction technologies will be to any future recovery program.
National Science Foundation, Environmental Research and Education Foundation, American Coal Ash Association

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 27-May-2016
Scientific Reports
Study finds that protein puts the brakes on melanin
Skin, eye and hair pigmentation requires a delicate balance of acidity within the cellular compartments where melanin is made -- that balance is partly regulated, scientists now know, by a protein called TPC2.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 26-May-2016
Neuroscience
Difficult decisions involving perception increase activity in brain's insular cortex, study finds
As the difficulty of making a decision based on sensory evidence increases, activity in the brain's insular cortex also increases, according to researchers at Georgia State University.
National Science Foundation

Contact: LaTina Emerson
lemerson1@gsu.edu
404-413-1353
Georgia State University

Public Release: 26-May-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
Spring snow a no-go?
Spring snowpack, relied on by ski resorts and water managers throughout the Western United States, may be more vulnerable to a warming climate in coming decades, according to a new University of Utah study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
paul.gabrielsen@utah.edu
801-505-8253
University of Utah

Public Release: 26-May-2016
Astrophysical Journal
Astronomers find giant planet around very young star
In contradiction to the long-standing idea that larger planets take longer to form, US astronomers today announced the discovery of a giant planet in close orbit around a star so young that it still retains a disk of circumstellar gas and dust.
NASA, National Science Foundation, Arizona Space Grant consortium

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 26-May-2016
Scientific Reports
'Phage' fishing yields new weapon against antibiotic resistance
Yale researchers were fishing for a new weapon against antibiotic resistance and found one floating in a Connecticut pond, they report May 26, 2016, in the journal Scientific Reports. The virus called a bacteriophage, found in Dodge Pond in East Lyme, attacks a common multi-drug resistant bacterial pathogen called Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which can lethally infect people with compromised immune systems.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bill Hathaway
William.hathaway@yale.edu
203-859-8903
Yale University

Public Release: 26-May-2016
Cell
Odor alternative
Harvard Medical School scientists have uncovered a new and different way that some odors are sensed in the 'olfactory necklace,' a subsystem of neurons they explored in mice that may have more in common with taste than with smell.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, European Molecular Biology Organization, and others

Contact: Angela Alberti
angela_alberti@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-3038
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 25-May-2016
Nature
Clouds provide clue to better climate predictions
A research group from the CERN Cloud experiment, including scientists from Carnegie Mellon University, have uncovered the processes behind the formation and evolution of small atmospheric particles free from the influence of pollution. Their findings are key to creating accurate models to understand and predict global climate change.
CERN, European Commission, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Swiss National Science Foundation, Academy of Finland, Nessling Foundation, and others

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 25-May-2016
40-year math mystery and 4 generations of figuring
In 1977, Princeton mathematician Paul Seymour made a conjecture about certain large graphs. Nearly 40 years later, Georgia Tech mathematicians have come up with a proof he was right. The conjecture is 13 words long; the proof covers 120 pages of math reasoning.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ben Brumfield
ben.brumfield@comm.gatech.edu
404-660-1408
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-May-2016
Wayne State aims to improve imaging and chemical sensing of disease biomarkers
With the help of a $341,694 grant from the National Science Foundation, 'Establishing the Crystallochemical Principles Governing Energy-Transfer Processes in Upconversion Nanocrystals,' a Wayne State University researcher aims to improve upconversion nanocrystals' composition and atomic structure to expand the library of bright and multicolor upconverters, while also generating fundamental understanding of light-matter interactions at the nanoscale.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 25-May-2016
IEEE Vehicular Technology Transactions
NYU WIRELESS study predicts trouble and solution for 5G cellular
Study by NYU WIRELESS researchers asserts that the three-parameter 'alpha-beta-gamma' (ABG) model used in the past by 3GPP for predicting signal coverage might spell trouble at frequencies above 6 gigahertz (GHz).
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karl Greenberg
karl.greenberg@nyu.edu
646-519-1996
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Public Release: 25-May-2016
Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan
Early use of 'hurricane hunter' data improves hurricane intensity predictions
Data collected via airplane when a hurricane is developing can improve hurricane intensity predictions by up to 15 percent, according to Penn State researchers who have been working with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the National Hurricane Center to put the new technique into practice.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, NASA

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 25-May-2016
Nature
Out of tune: Mismatch of vascular and neural responses suggests limits of fMRI
During sensory stimulation, increases in blood flow are not precisely 'tuned' to local neural activity, report investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina in an article published online on May 25, 2016, in Nature. This finding challenges the long-held view that vascular and local neural responses are tightly coupled and could suggest limitations for functional magnetic resonance imaging, which assumes that vascular changes reflect a proportional change in local neural activity.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Whitehall Foundation, Dana Foundation

Contact: Heather Woolwine
woolwinh@musc.edu
843-792-7669
Medical University of South Carolina

Public Release: 24-May-2016
Environmental Research Letters
Researchers find higher than expected carbon emissions from inland waterways
Washington State University researchers have found that greenhouse-gas emissions from lakes and inland waterways may be as much as 45 percent greater than previously thought.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Heping Liu
heping.liu@wsu.edu
509-335-1529
Washington State University

Public Release: 24-May-2016
High-speed camera captures amazing lightning flash
Scientists at Florida Tech have captured stunning footage of a lighting flash at 7,000 frames per second.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Adam Lowenstein
adam@fit.edu
321-674-8964
Florida Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-May-2016
Sex Roles
Study shows which new moms post the most on Facebook
A study shows which psychological characteristics of some new mothers may affect how they use Facebook to show off their baby.
National Science Foundation, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan
Schoppe-Sullivan.1@osu.edu
614-688-3437
Ohio State University

Public Release: 24-May-2016
NSF grant will help decipher cells' electric properties
A Michigan State University researcher will use a National Science Foundation grant to decipher the secrets of electric organs in fish and apply the insights to human electrically excitable tissue.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 24-May-2016
Astrophysical Journal Letters
OU astrophysicists detect most luminous diffuse gamma-ray emission from Arp 220
An OU team has detected for the first time the most luminous gamma-ray emission from the merging galaxy Arp 220 -- the nearest ultraluminous infrared galaxy to Earth reveals the hidden extreme energetic processes in galaxies. Luminous infrared galaxies and ultraluminous infrared galaxies are the most luminous of all galaxies.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jana Smith
jana.smith@ou.edu
405-325-1322
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 24-May-2016
Physical Review Letters
Revealing the nature of magnetic interactions in manganese oxide
A mathematical approach for studying local magnetic interactions has helped scientists understand the magnetic properties of a material with long-range magnetic order.
DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ariana Tantillo
atantillo@bnl.gov
631-344-2347
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 24-May-2016
Journal of Pathology
Vitamin A may help improve pancreatic cancer chemotherapy
The addition of high doses of a form of vitamin A could help make chemotherapy more successful in treating pancreatic cancer, according to an early study by Queen Mary University of London. The promising initial results have led to the potential treatment being tested in a new clinical trial.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council's Knowledge Transfer Network, Pancreatic Cancer Research Fund, Cancer Research UK, Barts Charity

Contact: Joel Winston
j.winston@qmul.ac.uk
44-207-882-7943
Queen Mary University of London

Public Release: 24-May-2016
Nature Communications
Light can 'heal' defects in new solar cell materials
Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere say they have made significant inroads toward understanding a process for improving perovskites' performance, by modifying the material using intense light. The new findings are being reported in the journal Nature Communications, in a paper by Samuel Stranks, a researcher at MIT; Vladimir Bulovic, the Fariborz Maseeh (1990) Professor of Emerging Technology and associate dean for innovation; and eight colleagues at other institutions in the US and the UK.
European Union, National Science Foundation, Center for Excitonics, US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-May-2016
eLife
Rutgers scientists help create world's largest coral gene database
An international team of scientists led by Rutgers University faculty has conducted the world's most comprehensive analysis of coral genes, focusing on how their evolution has allowed corals to interact with and adapt to the environment.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd B. Bates
tbates@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 23-May-2016
Molecular Systems Biology
Rice study decodes genetic circuitry for bacterial spore formation
A team led by Rice University bioengineering researchers has decoded the mechanism that bacteria use to make life-or-death decisions during extremely tough times. The fundamental find could have implications for controlling food-borne pathogens.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 23-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ivy's powerful grasp could lead to better medical adhesives, stronger battle armor
English ivy's natural glue might hold the key to new approaches to wound healing, stronger armor for the military and maybe even cosmetics with better staying power.
US Army, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Mingjun Zhang
Zhang.4882@osu.edu
614-292-3181
Ohio State University

Public Release: 23-May-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
A history of snowfall on Greenland, hidden in ancient leaf waxes
The history of Greenland's snowfall is chronicled in an unlikely place: the remains of aquatic plants that died long ago, collecting at the bottom of lakes in horizontal layers that document the passing years. Using this ancient record, scientists have determined that snowfall at one key location in western Greenland may have intensified from 6,000 to 4,000 years ago, a period when the planet's Northern Hemisphere was warmer than it is today.
National Science Foundation, Geological Society of America

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
chsu22@buffalo.edu
716-645-4655
University at Buffalo

Showing releases 176-200 out of 917.

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