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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 176-200 out of 836.

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Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
PLOS ONE
Small, fast, and crowded: Mammal traits amplify tick-borne illness
'In our struggle to manage the ever-growing list of tick-borne diseases, we need to understand which animals magnify human disease risk. Our results suggest when generalist pathogens emerge, small mammals with large populations and a fast pace of life warrant careful monitoring.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori M. Quillen
quillenl@caryinstitute.org
845-677-7600 x121
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
Science
Changes in coastal upwelling linked to temporary declines in marine ecosystem
In findings of relevance to both conservationists and the fishing industry, new research links short-term reductions in growth and reproduction of marine animals off the California Coast to increasing variability in the strength of coastal upwelling currents -- currents which historically supply nutrients to the region's diverse ecosystem.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Marc Airhart
mairhart@austin.utexas.edu
512-232-1066
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 18-Sep-2014
Science
Nuclear spins control current in plastic LED
University of Utah physicists read 'spins' in hydrogen nuclei and used the data to control current in a cheap, plastic light emitting diode -- at room temperature and without strong magnetic fields. The study in Friday's issue of Science brings physics a step closer to practical machines that work 'spintronically:' super-fast quantum computers, more compact data storage devices and plastic or organic light-emitting diodes more efficient than those used today in displays for cell phones, computers and TVs.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
lee.siegel@utah.edu
801-244-5399
University of Utah

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Nature
A massive black hole has been found at the center of an ultra-compact galaxy
A team of researchers, including an astronomer from Michigan State University, has discovered a huge black hole at the center of an ultra-compact galaxy -- the smallest galaxy known to contain one.
National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation, Gemini Telescope Partnership

Contact: Tom Oswald
tom.oswald@cabs.msu.edu
517-432-0920
Michigan State University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Math model designed to replace invasive kidney biopsy for lupus patients
Mathematics might be able to reduce the need for invasive biopsies in patients suffering kidney damage related to the autoimmune disease lupus.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Avner Friedman
Friedman.158@osu.edu
614-292-5795
Ohio State University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
NSF computing network grant will bolster research at UT Arlington
The National Science Foundation Division of Advanced Cyberinfrastructure will give The University of Texas at Arlington $500,000 to improve networking capacity to support research into high energy physics and numerous other fields.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Traci Peterson
tpeterso@uta.edu
817-521-5494
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Biological Conservation
Cape Cod saltmarsh recovery looks good, falls short
In some places Cape Cod's imperiled saltmarsh grasses have been making a comeback, but a new study reports that their ability to protect the coast has not returned nearly as fast as their healthy appearance would suggest.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Nature
Chimpanzee lethal aggression a result of adaptation rather than human impacts
A new study using long-term data gathered on chimpanzee aggression is the first effort to test the human impact versus adaptive strategies hypothesis and finds that human impact is not the culprit.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ian Gilby
ian.gilby@asu.edu
480-965-3807
Arizona State University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2014
Nature
Smallest known galaxy with a supermassive black hole
A University of Utah astronomer and his colleagues discovered that an ultracompact dwarf galaxy harbors a supermassive black hole -- the smallest galaxy known to contain such a massive light-sucking object. The finding suggests huge black holes may be more common than previously believed.
National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation, Gemini Observatory

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
lee.siegel@utah.edu
801-244-5399
University of Utah

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Novel capability enables first test of real turbine engine conditions
Manufactures of turbine engines for airplanes, automobiles and electric generation plants could expedite the development of more durable, energy-efficient turbine blades thanks to a partnership between the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, the German Aerospace Center and the universities of Central Florida and Cleveland State. The ability to operate turbine blades at higher temperatures improves efficiency and reduces energy costs.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, German Science Foundation

Contact: Tona Kunz
tkunz@anl.gov
630-252-5560
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Diversity could lead to ethical behaviors among scientists
A group of Michigan State University researchers will use a five-year, $600,000 National Science Foundation grant to study how demographic and disciplinary diversity affects scientists' ethical behaviors.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kristen Parker
kristen.parker@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8942
Michigan State University

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Nature Photonics
UCI team is first to capture motion of single molecule in real time
UC Irvine chemists have scored a scientific first: capturing moving images of a single molecule as it vibrates, or 'breathes,' and shifts from one quantum state to another.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tatiana Arizaga
tarizaga@uci.edu
949-824-0218
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
For electronics beyond silicon, a new contender emerges
Using a quantum material called a correlated oxide, Harvard researchers have achieved a reversible change in electrical resistance of eight orders of magnitude, a result the researchers are calling 'colossal.' In short, they have engineered this material to perform comparably with the best silicon switches.
National Science Foundation, National Academy of Sciences

Contact: Caroline Perry
cperry@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard University

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Camera developed at WUSTL sheds light on mate choice of swordtail fish
A group of researchers have used a special camera developed by Viktor Gruev, PhD, to discover that female northern swordtail fish choose their mates based on polarization signals from the males.
Office of Naval Research, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Flory
Julie.Flory@WUSTL.EDU
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Cell Stem Cell
Scientists create therapy-grade stem cells using new cocktail to reprogram adult cells
Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a new cocktail that coaxes adult cells to become pluripotent stem cells of a high enough quality to be used in therapeutic applications. Their research showed that using a different combination of reprogramming factors can produce a much higher quality result, delivering fewer colonies of iPSCs of which 80 percent passed the toughest pluripotency test.
Israeli Centers of Research Excellence Program, Kirschstein National Research Service Award, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Chapman Foundation, Florence Brill Graduate Student Fellowship

Contact: Dov Smith
dovs@savion.huji.ac.il
972-258-82844
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
Judging a fish by its color: For female bluefin killifish, love is a yellow mate
Researchers used male replicas of bluefin killifish and controlled their movement with robotic arms to improve repeatability in experiments designed to determine how fertile female fish would respond to male courtship. The surprising result: The females preferred males with yellow fins, contrary to existing research that indicated a preference to blue and red.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
kathleen.hamilton@nyu.edu
718-260-3792
New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
PLOS Biology
Meteorite that doomed dinosaurs remade forests
The impact decimated slow-growing evergreens and made way for fast-growing, deciduous plants, according to a study applying biomechanical analyses to fossilized leaves. The study provides much-needed evidence for how the extinction event unfolded in the plant communities at the time.
National Science Foundation, Geological Society of America

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4402
University of Arizona

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
UT Arlington receives $800,000 NSF grant to better prepare new science, math teachers
A University of Texas Arlington education professor with a passion for supporting upcoming middle and high school science and mathematics teachers is getting major federal assistance for her efforts.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bridget Lewis
blewis@uta.edu
817-272-3317
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Microbiome research shows each tree species has a unique bacterial identity
Each tree species has its own bacterial identity. That's the conclusion of University of Oregon researchers and colleagues from other institutions who studied the genetic fingerprints of bacteria on 57 species of trees growing on a Panamanian island.
Smithsonian Research Institute, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canada Research Chairs Program, National Science Foundation, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Mellon Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Cell
Scientists discover RNA modifications in some unexpected places
Deploying sophisticated high-throughput sequencing technology, dubbed ψ-seq, a team of Whitehead Institute and Broad Institute researchers collaborated on a comprehensive, high-resolution mapping of ψ sites that confirms pseudouridylation, among the most common post-transcriptional modifications, does indeed occur naturally in mRNA.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Broad Institute Funds, Marie Curie IOF, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Fearer
fearer@wi.mit.edu
617-452-4630
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Grant to help commercialize silicon surgical blades
A UC Davis engineering professor has received a grant of $200,000 from the National Science Foundation 'Partnerships for Innovation: Accelerating Innovation Research-Technology Translation' program to move his silicon-based blades towards commercial development as surgical and shaving tools.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Early Earth less hellish than previously thought
Conditions on Earth during its first 500 million years may have been cool enough to form oceans of water instead of being too hot for life to form.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society, Keck Geology Consortium

Contact: David Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
'Nuclear disasters don't respect national boundaries'
A nuclear accident has no respect for lines drawn on a map. It becomes the world's problem. But for the most part, emphasis has been on prevention, not response. Until now.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jean Elliott
elliottj@vt.edu
540-231-5915
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Northeastern University researchers develop novel method for working with nanotubes
Northeastern University researchers have developed a novel method for controllably constructing precise inter-nanotube junctions and a variety of nanocarbon structures in carbon nanotube arrays. The researchers were able to tailor the physical properties of nanotube networks for use in applications from electronic devices to carbon nanotube-reinforced composite materials found in cars and sports equipment. The findings were published in a Nature Communications paper titled 'Sculpting carbon bonds for allotropic transformation through solid-state re-engineering of –sp2 carbon.'
National Science Foundation, The Republic of Korea Ministry of Industry

Contact: John O'Neill
j.oneill@neu.edu
617-373-5460
Northeastern University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Social Science & Medicine
Long-term effects of childhood asthma influenced by socioeconomic status
Studies have shown that asthma is associated with attention and behavioral issues in children, yet little existing research examines how socioeconomic status may influence the ultimate effects of these difficulties. Now, a University of Missouri researcher has found that the overall outcomes for children with asthma are influenced by socioeconomic inequalities.
National Science Foundation, American Educational Research Association

Contact: Jesslyn Chew
ChewJ@missouri.edu
573-882-8353
University of Missouri-Columbia

Showing releases 176-200 out of 836.

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