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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 201-225 out of 751.

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Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Nature Materials
Designing ion 'highway systems' for batteries
Northwestern University professor Monica Olvera de la Cruz and her research group have married two traditional theories that advance the understanding of plastics for battery application.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Engineers design systems to help children with special needs
A group of Kansas State University engineers have developed technology that helps children with severe developmental disabilities.
National Science Foundation's General and Age-Related Disabilities Engineering program

Contact: Steven Warren
swarren@k-state.edu
785-532-4644
Kansas State University

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Using Twitter to track flu, Lady Gaga
Interested in the number of tweets about the flu in recent days, weeks or months? Whether the tweets are positive or negative? How they are dispersed geographically down to the street level? Words commonly used with flu? Or, even, predicting of the number of tweets about the flu in the coming days?
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-1287
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers find major West Antarctic glacier melting from geothermal sources
New research on the Thwaits Glacier will help ice sheet modeling efforts needed to determine when the collapse of the glacier will begin in earnest and at what rate the sea level will increase as it proceeds. The findings, from researchers at the Institute for Geophysics at The University of Texas at Austin, are published in the current edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anton Caputo
anton.caputo@jsg.utexas.edu
512-232-9623
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 8-Jun-2014
Nature Chemical Biology
New molecule enables quick drug monitoring
Scientists at EPFL have invented a molecule that can easily and quickly show how much drug is in a patient's system. The molecule, now the basis of a start-up company, is expected to enable point-of-care therapeutic drug monitoring.
École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, Swiss National Science Foundation, National Centre of Competence in Research Chemical Biology, Defense Threat Reduction

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
Nano Letters
Opening a wide window on the nano-world of surface catalysis
A surface catalyst with a built-in sensor: that's what University of South Carolina chemist Hui Wang and co-workers built by bridging a size gap on the nano-scale. Their silver nanoparticles combine plasmon resonance with catalytic activity, making SERS and other analytical data available in real time on a surface catalyst.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steven Powell
spowell2@mailbox.sc.edu
803-777-1923
University of South Carolina

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
UH chemist's work could impact disease management, treatments
A University of Houston chemist hopes his work will one day impact the treatment of such diseases as cancer and malaria by better understanding how molecules react and how atoms come together to form bonds. Jeremy May, an assistant professor of chemistry at UH, received a five-year, $600,000 National Science Foundation CAREER Award to develop synthetic strategies to increase the efficiency and yields of chemical reactions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Merkl
lkmerkl@uh.edu
713-743-8192
University of Houston

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Social Science and Medicine
Demographics drive fitness partner decisions online, Penn study finds
According to a new study led by University of Pennsylvania's Damon Centola, participants in an online fitness program ignored the fitness aptitude of their potential partners, instead choosing partners based on age, gender and BMI.
James S. McDonnell Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Joseph J. Diorio
jdiorio@asc.upenn.edu
215-746-1798
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How do phytoplankton survive a scarcity of a critical nutrient?
How do phytoplankton survive when the critical element phosphorus is difficult to find? Researchers from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences conducted the most comprehensive survey of the content and distribution of a form of phosphorus called polyphosphate, or poly-P in the western North Atlantic. What they found was surprising.
National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Physical Review Letters
A new way to make laser-like beams using 250x less power
With precarious particles called polaritons that straddle the worlds of light and matter, University of Michigan researchers have demonstrated a new, practical and potentially more efficient way to make a coherent laser-like beam.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
734-647-7087
University of Michigan

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Applied Physics Letters
Team demonstrates continuous terahertz sources at room temperature
Northwestern University professor Manijeh Razeghi and her team are the first to develop a room-temperature, compact, continuous terahertz radiation source.
National Science Foundation, Department of Homeland Security, Naval Air Systems Command, NASA

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Science
New EU reforms fail European wildlife
Despite political proclamation of increased environmental focus, experts argue that the European Union's recent agricultural reforms are far too weak to have any positive impact on the continent's shrinking farmland biodiversity, and call on member states to take action.
European Commission, Swiss National Science Foundation, Hungarian Academy of Science, Arcadia Fund, Natural Environment Research Council

Contact: Tilo Arnhold
presse@ufz.de
49-341-235-1635
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
Nature
Design of self-assembling protein nanomachines starts to click
Biological systems produce an incredible array of self-assembling protein tools on a nanoscale, such as molecular motors, delivery capsules and injection devices. Inspired by sophisticated molecular machines naturally found in living things, scientists want to build their own with forms and functions customized to tackle modern day challenges. A new computational method, proven to accurately design protein nanomaterials that arrange themselves into a symmetrical, cage-like structure, may be an important step toward that goal.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Science Foundation, US Airforce, Department of Energy

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
MobiSys '14
Are squiggly lines the future of password security?
As more people use smart phones and tablets to store personal information and perform financial transactions, the need for robust password security is more critical than ever. A new Rutgers study shows that free-form gestures -- sweeping fingers in shapes across the screen -- can be used to unlock phones and grant access to apps. These gestures are less likely to be observed and reproduced by 'shoulder surfers' who spy on users to gain unauthorized access.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diane Reed
diane.reed@rutgers.edu
848-445-7359
Rutgers University

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
Testing the waters to fight infections like fish
A novel technology developed at Worcester Polytechnic Institute to block human infections by taking a lesson from fish has landed a $50,000 grant from the National Science Foundation's Innovation Corps program. The WPI team is engineering surfaces with molecules called antimicrobial peptides, several of which have been extracted from fish gills where they serve as the first line of defense against waterborne bacteria and other pathogens.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Cohen
mcohen@wpi.edu
508-868-4778
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
Team packs butterfly nets for summer research expedition
A project funded by the National Science Foundation highlights UC's undergraduate research on a global scale.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dawn Fuller
dawn.fuller@uc.edu
513-556-1823
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How red tide knocks out its competition
New research reveals how the algae behind red tide thoroughly disables -- but doesn't kill -- other species of algae. The study shows how chemical signaling between algae can trigger big changes in the marine ecosystem.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brett Israel
brett.israel@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-1933
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
WSU researchers confirm 60-year-old prediction of atomic behavior
Researchers at Washington State University have used a super-cold cloud of atoms that behaves like a single atom to see a phenomenon predicted 60 years ago and witnessed only once since.
National Science Foundation, Army Research Office, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Peter Engels
engels@wsu.edu
509-335-4674
Washington State University

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
PLOS ONE
You catch (and kill) more flies with this sweetener
In a study that began as a sixth-grade science fair project, researchers at Drexel University have found that a popular non-nutritive sweetener may be an effective and human-safe insecticide. Erythritol, the main component of the sweetener Truvia, was toxic to fruit flies in a dose-dependent manner in the study, published in PLOS ONE. Flies consumed erythritol when sugar was available and even seemed to prefer it. No other sweeteners tested had these toxic effects.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Rachel Ewing
raewing@drexel.edu
215-895-2614
Drexel University

Public Release: 4-Jun-2014
ASIACCS 2014
New proactive approach unveiled to malware in networked computers and data
Computer scientists at Virginia Tech have developed a unique anomaly protection security approach for the detection of malicious activities on networked computers. The work was performed using a National Science Foundation CAREER award and is being presented at an international conference in Tokyo, Japan.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lynn Nystrom
tansy@vt.edu
540-231-4371
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
224th AAS Meeting
Astrophysical Journal
Discovering a hidden source of solar surges
Cutting-edge observations with the 1.6-meter telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory in California have taken research into the structure and activity of the Sun to new levels of understanding. Operated by New Jersey Institute of Technology, the telescope at Big Bear is the most powerful ground-based instrument dedicated to studying the sun.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, NASA, National Science Foundation, New Jersey Institute of Technology

Contact: Tanya Klein
973-596-3433
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
224th AAS Meeting
Solving sunspot mysteries
Multi-wavelength observations of sunspots with the 1.6-meter telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory in California and aboard NASA's IRIS spacecraft have produced new and intriguing images of high-speed plasma flows and eruptions extending from the sun's surface to the outermost layer of the solar atmosphere, the corona.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, NASA, National Science Foundation, New Jersey Institute of Technology

Contact: Tanya Klein
973-596-3433
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
224th AAS Meeting
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Investigating unusual three-ribbon solar flares with extreme high resolution
The 1.6 meter telescope at Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO) in California has given researchers unparalleled capability for investigating phenomena such as solar flares. Operated by New Jersey Institute of Technology, the BBSO instrument is the most powerful ground-based telescope dedicated to studying the star closest to Earth.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tanya Klein
973-596-3433
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
Nanophotonics
Progress on detecting glucose levels in saliva
Researchers from Brown University have developed a new biochip sensor that uses dye chemistry and plasmonic interferometry to selectively measure concentrations of glucose in a complex solution similar to human saliva. The advance is an important step toward a device that would enable people with diabetes to test their glucose levels without drawing blood.
National Science Foundation, Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
PARTNERS works to promote tropical forest regrowth
University of Connecticut researchers lead multi-disciplinary lineup representing 14 countries at launch of international reforestation project.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sheila Foran
sheila.foran@uconn.edu
860-486-5385
University of Connecticut

Showing releases 201-225 out of 751.

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