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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 201-225 out of 808.

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Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Simulating superconducting materials with ultracold atoms
Rice University physicist Randy Hulet and his collaborators have used ultracold lithium atoms to create a state of matter that may help solve some of the mysteries of high-temperature superconductivity. Their results are described this week in the journal Nature.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation, Robert Welch Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Perfect colors, captured with one ultra-thin lens
A completely flat, ultrathin lens developed at Harvard can focus different wavelengths of light at the same point, achieving instant color correction in one extremely thin, miniaturized device.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Draper Lab, National Science Foundation

Contact: Caroline Perry
Harvard University

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Nature Communications
Penn researchers develop new technique for making molybdenum disulfide
University of Pennsylvania researchers have made an advance in manufacturing molybdenum disulphide, a 2-D material that could compete with graphene for replacing silicon in next-generation electronics. By growing flakes of the material around 'seeds' of molybdenum oxide, they have made it easier to control the size, thickness and location of the material.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Army Research Office

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Journal of American Chemical Society
Beyond silicon: New semiconductor moves spintronics toward reality
A new semiconductor compound is bringing fresh momentum to the field of spintronics, an emerging breed of computing device that may lead to smaller, faster, less power-hungry electronics.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Gabe Cherry
University of Michigan

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Current Biology
Evolving a bigger brain with human DNA
The human brain expanded dramatically in size during evolution, imparting us with unique capabilities. Duke scientists have now shown that it's possible to pick out key changes in the genetic code between chimpanzees and humans and visualize their respective contributions to early brain development in mouse embryos. The findings may lend insight what makes the human brain special and why people get some neurological disorders, such as autism and Alzheimer's disease, whereas chimpanzees don't.
Duke Institute for Brain Sciences, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
NYU receives $14.4 million NSF grant to expand its Materials Research Center
New York University has received a $14.4 million, six-year grant from the National Science Foundation to expand its Materials Research Science and Engineering Center.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Nature Materials
Nanotechnology: Better measurements of single molecule circuits
A new technique developed at UC Davis gives better measurements of the properties of electrical circuits made of single molecules. The method should enable more research in nanotechnology.
National Science Foundation, UC Davis RISE program

Contact: Andy Fell
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
New insights into origins of the world's languages
Linguists have long agreed that languages from English to Greek to Hindi, known as 'Indo-European languages', are the modern descendants of a language family which first emerged from a common ancestor spoken thousands of years ago. Now, a new study gives us more information on when and where it was most likely used. Using data from over 150 languages, linguists at UC-Berkeley provide evidence that this ancestor language originated 5,500 - 6,500 years ago on the Pontic-Caspian steppe.
Diebold Fund for Indo-European Studies at University of California Berkeley, Google Ph.D. Fellowship, National Science Foundation

Contact: Brice Russ
Linguistic Society of America

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Molecular Ecology
Discovery: Tropical fire ants traveled the world on 16th century ships
Thanks to a bit of genetic sleuthing, researchers now know the invasion history of the tropical fire ant (Solenopsis geminata), the first ant species known to travel the globe by sea.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
In a warmer world, ticks that spread disease are arriving earlier, expanding their ranges
In the northeastern United States, warmer spring temperatures are leading to shifts in the emergence of the blacklegged ticks that carry Lyme disease and other tick-borne pathogens. At the same time, milder weather is allowing ticks to spread into new geographic regions.
National Science Foundation, US Environmental Protection Agency, Dutchess County, NY.

Contact: Lori Quillen
845-677-7600 x121
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Epigenomics of Alzheimer's disease progression
An MIT study of epigenomic modifications reveals the immune basis of Alzheimer's disease.
NIH Roadmap Epigenomics Program, Belfer Neurodegeneration Consortium, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
New device to change how Florida monitors sea level rise, water quality and hurricanes
Small wireless computing devices, ranging from the size of a matchbox to the size of a dime are going to change the way Florida monitors its water quality, sea level rise, hurricanes, agriculture, aquaculture, and even its aging senior population.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gisele Galoustian
Florida Atlantic University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Global warming to increase ocean upwelling, but fisheries impact uncertain
A report to be published Thursday in the journal Nature suggests that global warming may increase upwelling in several ocean current systems around the world by the end of this century, especially at high latitudes, and will cause major changes in marine biodiversity.
Northeastern University, National Science Foundation

Contact: Bruce Menge
Oregon State University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
How stress can lead to inequality
How does stress affect our self-confidence when we compete? An EPFL study shows how stress could actually be both a consequence and a cause of social and economic inequality, affecting our ability to compete and make financial decisions.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
New solder for semiconductors creates technological possibilities
A research team led by the University of Chicago's Dmitri Talapin has demonstrated how semiconductors can be soldered and still deliver good electronic performance.
II-VI Foundation, Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Keck Foundation.

Contact: Steve Koppes
University of Chicago

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
UM Rosenstiel School professor receives $2.5 million to study Agulhas Current
Scientists at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science received a $2.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to conduct a climate research study off the coast of South Africa.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Development Economics
Study: Manufacturing growth can benefit Bangladeshi women workers
The life of a Bangladeshi garment factory worker is not an easy one. But new research from the University of Washington indicates that access to such factory jobs can improve the lives of young Bangladeshi women -- motivating them to stay in school and lowering their likelihood of early marriage and childbirth.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Kelley
University of Washington

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
High-powered X-ray laser unlocks mechanics of pain relief without addiction
Scientists have solved the structure of a bifunctional peptide bound to a neuroreceptor that offers pain relief without addiction.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Science Foundation, and others

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Cell Stem Cell
State funding boosts stem cell research in California, other states
A new study analyzed stem cell funding programs in four states and found that in both California and Connecticut, state programs have contributed to an increase in the share of publications in the field produced in these states.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brett Israel
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Nucleic Acids Research
Synthetic biology yields new approach to gene therapy
Bioengineers at the University of Texas at Dallas have created a novel gene-delivery system that shuttles a gene into a cell, but only for a temporary stay, providing a potential new gene-therapy strategy for treating disease. The approach offers distinct advantages over other types of gene therapies currently under investigation, said Richard Taplin Moore, a doctoral student in bioengineering and lead author of a study describing the new technique.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Wireless communications research at University of Akron inspired by ear of insect
What is being done to keep smartphones sleek, speedy, and powered up? The answer could lie in an insect's ear. With the help of an award of $400,000 from the NSF, engineers at The University of Akron are testing electrically small biomimetic antenna arrays inspired by one of the most sensitive auditory systems in the animal world: the ear of a fly. Research aims to reduce inter-antenna spacing of mobile devices without degrading performance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Craig
University of Akron

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
The ISME Journal: Multidisciplinary Journal of Microbial Ecology
Study details impact of Deepwater Horizon oil on beach microbial communities
Using advanced genomic identification techniques, researchers studying the impact of the Deepwater Horizon spill on communities of beach microbes saw a succession of organisms and identified population changes in specific organisms that marked the progress of the oil's breakdown.
National Science Foundation, BP/Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative to the Deep-C Consortium

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Astrophysical Journal Letters
A close call of 0.8 light years
A group of astronomers from the US, Europe, Chile and South Africa have determined that 70,000 years ago a recently discovered dim star is likely to have passed through the solar system's distant cloud of comets, the Oort Cloud. No other star is known to have ever approached our solar system this close - five times closer than the current closest star, Proxima Centauri.
National Science Foundation, National Research Foundation of South Africa

Contact: Leonor Sierra
University of Rochester

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
New insight into how brain performs 'mental time travel'
A new brain mapping study pinpoints the areas of the brain responsible for 'mental time travel.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Tadpole model links drug exposure to autism-like effects
In utero exposure to the epilepsy drug VPA appears to elevate the risk to babies of developing an autism spectrum disorder. A new Brown University study used a tadpole model to investigate VPA's effects on developing neural physiology and behavior. Researchers now hope to use the model to develop an intervention and to learn more about the underlying causes of neurodevelopmental disorders more broadly.
NIH/National Eye Institute, National Science Foundation, Brown University

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Showing releases 201-225 out of 808.

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