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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 201-225 out of 839.

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Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
'Nuclear disasters don't respect national boundaries'
A nuclear accident has no respect for lines drawn on a map. It becomes the world's problem. But for the most part, emphasis has been on prevention, not response. Until now.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jean Elliott
elliottj@vt.edu
540-231-5915
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Northeastern University researchers develop novel method for working with nanotubes
Northeastern University researchers have developed a novel method for controllably constructing precise inter-nanotube junctions and a variety of nanocarbon structures in carbon nanotube arrays. The researchers were able to tailor the physical properties of nanotube networks for use in applications from electronic devices to carbon nanotube-reinforced composite materials found in cars and sports equipment. The findings were published in a Nature Communications paper titled 'Sculpting carbon bonds for allotropic transformation through solid-state re-engineering of –sp2 carbon.'
National Science Foundation, The Republic of Korea Ministry of Industry

Contact: John O'Neill
j.oneill@neu.edu
617-373-5460
Northeastern University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Social Science & Medicine
Long-term effects of childhood asthma influenced by socioeconomic status
Studies have shown that asthma is associated with attention and behavioral issues in children, yet little existing research examines how socioeconomic status may influence the ultimate effects of these difficulties. Now, a University of Missouri researcher has found that the overall outcomes for children with asthma are influenced by socioeconomic inequalities.
National Science Foundation, American Educational Research Association

Contact: Jesslyn Chew
ChewJ@missouri.edu
573-882-8353
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers control surface tension to manipulate liquid metals
Researchers have developed a technique for controlling the surface tension of liquid metals by applying very low voltages, opening the door to a new generation of reconfigurable electronic circuits, antennas and other technologies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Ecology and Society
Tigers, pandas and people a recipe for conservation insight
The first big revelation in conservation sciences was that studying the people on the scene as well as nature conservation was crucial. Now, as this science matures, researchers are showing that it's useful to compare apples and oranges. Or, more accurately, tigers and pandas. In this week's journal Ecology & Society, Michigan State University scientists show that useful insights and ways of scrutinizing wildlife and their habitat can be found in unlikely places.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Sue Nichols
nichols@msu.edu
517-432-0206
Michigan State University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Gas leaks from faulty wells linked to contamination in some groundwater
A study has pinpointed the likely source of most natural gas contamination in drinking-water wells associated with hydraulic fracturing, and it's not the source many people may have feared.
National Science Foundation, Duke University

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cancer and the immune system: A double-edged sword
During cancer development, tumor cells decorate their surfaces with sugar compounds called glycans that are different from those found on normal, healthy cells. Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that sialic acids at the tips of these cancer cell glycans are capable of engaging with immune system cells and changing the latter's response to the tumor -- for good and bad.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Samuel and Ruth Engelberg Cancer Research Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
slafee@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Contaminated water in 2 states linked to faulty shale gas wells
Faulty well integrity, not hydraulic fracturing deep underground, is the primary cause of drinking water contamination from shale gas extraction in parts of Pennsylvania and Texas, according to a study by researchers from five universities. The study, which is the first to document methane contamination occurring in previously unaffected water wells, used both hydrocarbon and noble gas tracers to track the contamination back to leaks in gas well casings and cementing.
National Science Foundation, Duke University/Nicholas School of the Environment

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 14-Sep-2014
Nature Materials
Study sheds new light on why batteries go bad
A comprehensive look at how tiny particles in a lithium ion battery electrode behave shows that rapid-charging the battery and using it to do high-power, rapidly draining work may not be as damaging as researchers had thought -- and that the benefits of slow draining and charging may have been overestimated. The results challenge the prevailing view that 'supercharging' batteries is always harder on battery electrodes than charging at slower rates.
Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Stanford University, the Samsung-MIT Program for Materials Design in Energy Applications, U.S. Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrew Gordon
agordon@slac.stanford.edu
650-926-2282
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Public Release: 14-Sep-2014
Nature Biotechnology
Measuring modified protein structures
ETH-Zurich researchers have developed a new approach to measure proteins with structures that change. This could enable new diagnostic tools for the early recognition of neurodegenerative diseases to be developed.
Swiss National Science Foundation, EU Seventh Framework Program Reintegration, Promedica Stiftung

Contact: Paola Picotti
paola.picotti@bc.biol.ethz.ch
41-446-332-558
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 12-Sep-2014
Project prepares collection for 21st-century challenge of invasive species
At the Wisconsin State Herbarium, director Kenneth Cameron is spearheading a new, three-year project to 'digitize' images and data on aquatic and wetland plants, mollusks and fish from the Great Lakes basin. The $2.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation will also be disbursed to natural history museums at other UW campuses, and in every other Great Lakes state. Together, these institutions expect to digitize 1.73 million specimens related to Great Lakes invasives.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kenneth Cameron
kmcameron@wisc.edu
608-265-9237
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 12-Sep-2014
NJIT computer scientists win a major grant to network mobile devices in the cloud
A team of computer scientists at New Jersey Institute of Technology has won a multi-year grant from the National Science Foundation to come up with a platform that would allow mobile devices to interact with each other with help from the cloud. The technology they are developing is designed to support collaborative applications in areas such as healthcare, safety, and social interaction, potentially benefiting millions of users.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tanya Klein
973-596-3433
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Sep-2014
Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
Getting hot and wet in Vermont
A fundamental challenge of climate change forecasting is how to bridge the gap between global-scale models and local impacts. A new study -- the first-of-its kind for the Lake Champlain region -- bridges this gap and forecasts that northern Vermont and southern Quebec by 2100 will get eight degrees Fahrenheit hotter; Burlington, Vt., will experience 10 more days in July above 90; and ski resorts will see 50 percent less snowfall.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Brown
joshua.e.brown@uvm.edu
802-656-3039
University of Vermont

Public Release: 12-Sep-2014
PLOS Genetics
Corn spots: Study finds important genes in defense response
What gives corn its spots? NC State researchers scour corn genome to find candidate genes that control an important defense response.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: Dr. Peter Balint-Kurti
pjbalint@ncsu.edu
919-515-3516
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Annual Review of Environment and Resources
Stanford-led study assesses the environmental costs and benefits of fracking
Rising supplies of natural gas could benefit the environment by replacing coal as a fuel for electricity, but hydraulic fracturing poses dangers for people living near the wells, a new analysis finds. We can do better, the authors say.
National Science Foundation, Duke University, DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Contact: Mark Golden
mark.golden@stanford.edu
650-724-1629
Stanford University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Southern Ocean's role in climate regulation, goal of $21 million federal grant
Researchers for the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science are part of a $21 million collaborative research program led by Princeton University to create a biogeochemical and physical portrait of the Southern Ocean using hundreds of robotic floats deployed around Antarctica and an expanded computational capacity.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NASA

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Ecological Applications
Volunteer 'eyes on the skies' track peregrine falcon recovery in California
Datasets from long-running volunteer survey programs, calibrated with data from sporadic intensive monitoring efforts, have allowed ecologists to track the recovery of peregrine falcons in California and evaluate the effectiveness of a predictive model popular in the management of threatened species
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alison Mize
alison@esa.org
202-833-8773 x205
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
NSF funds new method for making materials that can make lighter, more efficient vehicles
Diana Lados, associate professor of mechanical engineering at Worcester Polytechnic Institute and founding director of the university's Integrative Materials Design Center, has received a three-year, $424,000 award from the National Science Foundation to support the development of a new way to manufacture metal-ceramic composites, which can be used to make vehicles lighter and more energy efficient, while significantly increasing their performance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Dorsey
mwdorsey@wpi.edu
508-831-5609
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
UTSA awarded $500,000 National Science Foundation grant to study cloud computing
Ram Krishnan, assistant professor of electrical engineering in the UTSA College of Engineering, and Ravi Sandhu, Lutcher Brown Distinguished Chair in Cyber Security in the College of Sciences and director of the UTSA Institute for Cyber Security, have been awarded a $500,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to improve the security of cloud-based infrastructures.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kris Rodriguez
kris.rodriguez@utsa.edu
210-458-5116
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Nature
LSU scientists lead research on speciation in the tropics
In a study that sheds light on the origin of bird species in the biologically rich rainforests of South America, LSU Museum of Natural Science Director and Roy Paul Daniels Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences, Robb Brumfield, and an international team of researchers funded by the National Science Foundation published a paper this week challenging the view that speciation -- the process by which new species are formed -- is directly linked to geological and climatic changes to the landscape.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tara Kistler
tkistler@lsu.edu
225-578-3869
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Work and Occupations
Some male scientists willing to forsake careers for family
One-third of men in academic science are willing to scale back their careers to focus on family life, according to researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Nano Letters
Researchers create world's largest DNA origami
Researchers have created the world's largest DNA origami, which are nanoscale constructions with applications ranging from biomedical research to nanoelectronics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Cell Reports
Compound protects brain cells after traumatic brain injury
A new class of compounds, given orally, protects brain cells from the damage caused by blast-induced traumatic brain injury and preserves normal brain functions, even when the compound is given 24 to 36 hours after the injury occurs. The researchers hope that this family of compounds might be developed into a new class of neuroprotective drugs for TBI and other currently untreatable forms of neurodegeneration, including Alzheimer's disease and ALS.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Brown
jennifer-l-brown@uiowa.edu
319-356-7124
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Science
'Hot Jupiters' provoke their own host suns to wobble
Blame the 'hot Jupiters.' These large, gaseous exoplanets can make their suns wobble when they wend their way through their own solar systems to snuggle up against their suns, according to new research to be published in Science, Sept. 11.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
vpk6@cornell.edu
607-255-7701
Cornell University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
'Green wave' explains migratory bird routes
A new study shows bird migrations follow areas of new plant growth -- a so-called 'green wave' of new leaves and numerous insects. In fall, particularly in the western US, they stick to higher elevations and head directly southward, making fewer detours along the way for food.
National Science Foundation, Leon Levy Foundation, Wolf Creek Foundation

Contact: Pat Leonard
pel27@cornell.edu
607-254-2137
Cornell University

Showing releases 201-225 out of 839.

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