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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 226-250 out of 889.

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Public Release: 7-Apr-2016
Nature Communications
Can corals keep up with ocean acidification?
An interdisciplinary team of researchers led by University of Delaware professors Wei-Jun Cai and Mark Warner has successfully measured both pH and carbonate ion concentration directly inside the calcifying fluid found in coral, an important development in the study of how ocean acidification will affect marine calcifying organisms such as corals and shellfish.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 7-Apr-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Protein SIRT5 linked to healthy heart function
Cornell researchers, working in collaboration with scientists in Switzerland, have identified a strong connection between a protein, SIRT5, and healthy heart function. SIRT5 has the ability to remove a harmful protein modification known as lysine succinylation, which robs the heart of its ability to burn fatty acids efficiently to generate the energy needed for pumping.
National Institutes of Health, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Daryl Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 7-Apr-2016
Science
Penn engineers develop first transistors made entirely of nanocrystal 'inks'
University of Pennsylvania engineers have shown a new approach for making transistors and other electrical devices: sequentially depositing their components in the form of liquid nanocrystal 'inks.'
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 7-Apr-2016
Science
UC Berkeley, Stanford find LA LGBT Center's canvassing conversations reduce transphobia
Stanford University and UC Berkeley researchers report that volunteer canvassers -- both transgender and not -- reduced voters' prejudice against transgender people. Last year the researchers triggered fierce debate about the need for transparency in social science research when they raised doubts about a now-retracted study of the Los Angeles LGBT Center's door-to-door canvassing on gay marriage by other researchers that appeared in Science. They discovered irregularities in that study's data while conducting this follow-up study.
Gill Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Maclay
kmaclay@berkeley.edu
510-643-5651
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 7-Apr-2016
Current Biology
Smithsonian and collaborators find that trap-jaw spiders strike prey with lightning speed
A team of researchers led by Smithsonian scientist Hannah Wood has discovered that trap-jaw spiders have a surprising ability to strike their prey at lightning speed and with super-spider power, according to new findings reported in the scholarly journal Current Biology.
National Science Foundation, The Lindsay Expedition, California Academy of Sciences/Exline-Frizzell Funds, The Schlinger Foundation

Contact: Ryan Lavery
laveryr@si.edu
202-633-0826
Smithsonian

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
UOG scientists seek genetic reasons for coral reef survival
Coral reefs around the world are increasingly under threat from coral bleaching which destroys colonies and interrupts the food chain they support. Scientists at the University of Guam Marine Laboratory are using a new genetic sequencer to search for the biological mechanisms that allow some colonies to survive and thrive while others die.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Laura Biggs
laura.guamepscor@gmail.com
University of Guam

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Journal of Neuroscience
Key advance: UC Davis neuroscientists get a new look into how we read
Neuroscientists at UC Davis have come up with a way to observe brain activity during natural reading. It's the first time researchers have been able to study the brain while reading actual texts, instead of individual words, and it's already helping settle some ideas about just how we read.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karen Nikos-Rose
kmnikos@ucdavis.edu
530-752-6101
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Network governance connects people to solve collective environmental problems
Ecological systems, and ecological problems, are not nicely contained within neat human boundaries. 'Network governance' can help big, agency- and border-spanning conservation alliances govern themselves, researchers argue in a special April issue of the Ecological Society of America's journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. The Special Issue explores the life cycle of networks, plumbs examples in cities and wilderness, and examines community-based conservation within larger governance networks.
National Science Foundation, School of Public Affairs and Administration at the University of Kansas, Maxwell School of Syracuse University, Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Lynn Scarlett

Contact: Liza Lester
LLester@esa.org
202-833-8773 x211
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Crab shell signaling helps control the many faces of cholera, study shows
A new study of more than 50 samples of Vibrio cholerae isolated from both patients and the environment demonstrates the diversity and resourcefulness of the organism.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Scientific Reports
How deep does life go? MBL study describes microbial neighborhood beneath ocean floor
A team led by MBL Associate Scientist Julie Huber offers the first description of an active microbial community buried in cold oceanic crust at North Pond, an isolated sediment pond on the western flank of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Kenney
dkenney@mbl.edu
508-289-7139
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Nature
Duke study uncovers genetic elements that drive regeneration
Salamanders and fish possess genes that can enable healing of damaged tissue and even regrowth of missing limbs. The key to regeneration lies not only in the genes, but in the DNA sequences that regulate expression of those genes in response to an injury. Duke researchers have discovered regulatory sequences that they call 'tissue regeneration enhancer elements' or TREEs, which can turn on genes in injury sites.
American Heart Association, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Karl Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
UGA Skidaway Institute starts study on dynamic Cape Hatteras waters
Sometimes called the 'graveyard of the Atlantic' because of the large number of shipwrecks there, the waters off Cape Hatteras on the North Carolina coast are some of the least understood on US's eastern seaboard. University of Georgia Skidaway Institute of Oceanography scientist Dana Savidge is leading a team, which includes UGA Skidaway Institute scientist Catherine Edwards, to investigate the dynamic forces that characterize those waters.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mike Sullivan
mike.sullivan@skio.uga.edu
912-598-2325
University of Georgia

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
ACS Central Science
Stanford scientists improve perovskite solar-cell absorbers by giving them a squeeze
Solar cells made of perovskites have shown great promise in recent years. Now Stanford University scientists have found that applying pressure can change the properties of these inexpensive materials and how they respond to light.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Stanford Global Climate & Energy Project, Stanford Interdisciplinary Graduate Fellowship Program

Contact: Mark Shwartz
mshwartz@stanford.edu
650-723-9296
Stanford University

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Natural history museum professionals, biodiversity scientists identify needs
Today, the Biodiversity Collections Network released a report, 'Building a More Networked System for Communicating about Natural History Collections.' This report includes overarching recommendations for how the biodiversity sciences community can improve communication within the community and with key decision-makers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Palakovich Carr
jpalakovichcarr@aibs.org
202-628-1500
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Nature Communications
Enzyme discovery leads scientists further down path to pumping oil from plants
An enzyme responsible for making hydrocarbons has been discovered by Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientists studying a common green microalga called Botryococcus braunii.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Phillips
ka-phillips@tamu.edu
979-845-2872
Texas A&M AgriLife Communications

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Nature
Supermassive black holes may be lurking everywhere in the universe
One of the largest supermassive black holes on record has been discovered in an unexpected place: a relatively sparse region of the local universe where massive galaxies -- the typical home of these huge black holes -- are few and far between. According to UC Berkeley astronomer Chung-Pei Ma, there could be many more such black holes -- quiescent quasars -- hiding in the universe's deserts. This one may be or once was a binary black hole.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-528-1747
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
BioScience
Current methods cannot predict damage to coral reefs
Coral reefs are severely endangered by a warming and increasingly acidic ocean. Although species-level effects have been studied, these pieces of the puzzle have not been assembled into a broader view. Ecosystem-level effects may be more severe than is currently anticipated.
National Science Foundation, Moorea Coral Reef LTER, California State University -- Northridge

Contact: James Verdier
jverdier@aibs.org
205-286-8626
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
Fossil discovery suggests size poor predictor of maturity in ancient reptiles
Asilisaurus grew similarly to living crocodilians in that individuals of both species display varied growth patterns.
National Science Foundation's Research Experience for Undergraduates, Virginia Tech

Contact: Steven Mackay
smackay@vt.edu
540-231-5035
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Saving lives through real-time flood forecasting
David Maidment, a hydrologist and civil engineer at UT Austin, knows there is a better way to predict flooding using advanced technology. With a grant from the National Science Foundation, he developed the National Flood Interoperability Experiment. NFIE is a collaboration between the academic community, the National Weather Service and its government partners, and commercial partners to develop a transformational suite of science and services for national flood hydrology and emergency response.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Faith Singer-Villalobos
faith@tacc.utexas.edu
512-232-5771
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
NSF CAREER award focused on improving the 'broken movies' of biology
Anthony Gitter, a biostatistics expert with the Morgridge Institute for Research and the University of Wisconsin-Madison, has received a 2016 Faculty Early Career Development Award from the National Science Foundation to advance a central research challenge about the dynamic nature of cellular and genetic signaling.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anthony Gitter
agitter@morgridge.org
608-316-4442
Morgridge Institute for Research

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Nature Genetics
Scientists reveal endocardial origin of liver vasculature
On March 29, Nature Genetics published a research article entitled 'Genetic lineage tracing identifies endocardial origin of liver vasculature,' from Prof. ZHOU Bin's lab. Taking advantage of genetic lineage tracing and tissue specific gene knockout technology, they found that part of liver vasculature is derived from endocardium in the developing heart.
Ministry of Science and Technology of China, National Science Foundation of China, Shanghai Basic Research Key Project, China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, Shanghai Yangfan Project and AstraZeneca

Contact: ZHOU Bin
zhoubin@sibs.ac.cn
86-215-492-0974
Chinese Academy of Sciences Headquarters

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Journal of Experimental Biology
Researchers document how broadbills make loud wing song
Broadbills produce a startlingly loud sound that they make with their wings to mark off territory. Researchers have hypothesized that it is the outermost wing feathers that make the sound. Now a research team led by a biologist at the University of California, Riverside has found that it is not the outermost feather wings but the ones just inside of these feathers that make the klaxon-like sound.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Scientific Reports
Live fast, die young
In a new study published in Scientific Reports, a team of international paleontologists, including postdoctoral scholar Adam Huttenlocker of the Natural History Museum of Utah at the University of Utah, demonstrate that ancient mammal relatives known as therapsids were suited to the drastic climate change by having shorter life expectancies and would have had a better chance of success by breeding at younger ages than their predecessors.
National Science Foundation, National Research Foundation

Contact: Chanapa Tantibanchachai
chanapa.t@utah.edu
928-458-9656
University of Utah

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Scientific Reports
How to survive extinction: Live fast, die young
Two hundred and fifty-two million years ago, a series of Siberian volcanoes erupted and sent the Earth into the greatest mass extinction of all time. Billions of tons of carbon were propelled into the atmosphere, radically altering the Earth's climate. Yet, some animals thrived in the aftermath and scientists now know why.
National Research Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew Northey
mnorthey@fieldmuseum.org
312-665-7202
Field Museum

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Nature Chemistry
Researchers use single molecule of DNA to create world's smallest diode
Researchers at the University of Georgia and at Ben-Gurion University in Israel have demonstrated for the first time that nanoscale electronic components can be made from single DNA molecules. Their study, published in the journal Nature Chemistry, represents a promising advance in the search for a replacement for the silicon chip. The finding may eventually lead to smaller, more powerful and more advanced electronic devices, according to the study's lead author, Bingqian Xu.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Stephanie Schupska
schupska@uga.edu
706-542-6927
University of Georgia

Showing releases 226-250 out of 889.

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