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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 226-250 out of 789.

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Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Carnegie Mellon combines hundreds of videos to reconstruct 3D motion without markers
Carnegie Mellon University researchers have developed techniques for combining the views of 480 video cameras mounted in a two-story geodesic dome to perform large-scale 3D motion reconstruction, including volleyball games, the swirl of air currents and even a cascade of confetti.
National Science Foundation, Samsung

Contact: Byron Spice
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Journal of Extreme Events
Is the US National Flood Insurance Program affordable?
The paper examines the challenges in offering risk-based premiums and affordability of flood insurance through a case study of Ocean County, New Jersey, an area heavily damaged by Hurricane Sandy. The authors of the paper argue that the National Flood Insurance Program must address affordability concerns, but that this should not be done through discounted premiums.
Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events, Center for Research on Environmental Decisions, Travelers Foundation, National Science Foundation, Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center

Contact: Philly Lim
World Scientific

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cell membrane proteins give up their secrets
Rice scientists have succeeded in analyzing transmembrane proteins in the same way they study how globular proteins fold. The results should open up new possibilities for researchers who study proteins for their implications in disease and drug design.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Falk
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
70-foot-long, 52-ton concrete bridge survives series of simulated earthquakes
A 70-foot-long, 52-ton concrete bridge survived a series of earthquakes in the first multiple-shake-table experiment in the University of Nevada, Reno's new Earthquake Engineering Lab, the newest addition to the world-renowned earthquake and seismic engineering facility.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mike Wolterbeek
University of Nevada, Reno

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
Making a mental match: Pairing a mechanical device with stroke patients
Georgia Tech researchers have created a functional MRI-compatible hemiparesis rehab device that creates a long latency stretch reflex at the exact time as a brain signal. It is designed to assist stroke victims.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jason Maderer
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
Aqueous two-phase systems enable multiplexing of homogeneous immunoassays
A novel test simplifies disease detection by enabling simultaneous detection of multiple proteins in blood plasma.
University of Michigan, National Science Foundation, Amy Strelzer Manasevit Research Program, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Space and Naval Warfare Command Pacific

Contact: Philly Lim
World Scientific

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
New view of Rainier's volcanic plumbing
By measuring how fast Earth conducts electricity and seismic waves, a University of Utah researcher and colleagues made a detailed picture of Mount Rainier's deep volcanic plumbing and partly molten rock that will erupt again someday.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
University of Utah

Public Release: 16-Jul-2014
Study: Climate-cooling arctic lakes soak up greenhouse gases
New University of Alaska Fairbanks research indicates that arctic thermokarst lakes stabilize climate change by storing more greenhouse gases than they emit into the atmosphere.
National Science Foundation, US Geological Survey, University of Alaska Fairbanks, The Alfred Wegener Institute

Contact: Marmian Grimes
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
3-D nanostructure could benefit nanoelectronics, gas storage
A three-dimensional porous nanostructure would have a balance of strength, toughness and ability to transfer heat that could benefit nanoelectronics, gas storage and composite materials that perform multiple functions, according to engineers at Rice University.
Rice University, National Institutes of Health, IBM, CISCO, Qlogic, Adaptive Computing, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Journal of General Physiology
Protein's 'hands' enable bacteria to establish infection, research finds
Kansas State University biochemists have discovered how protein's 'hands' enable bacteria to establish infection. The research may help scientists develop targeted treatment and intervention methods.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Phillip Klebba
Kansas State University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Hidden variations in neuronal networks may explain traumatic brain injury outcomes
A team of researchers at the Neuroscience Institute at Georgia State University has discovered that hidden differences in the properties of neural circuits can account for whether animals are behaviorally susceptible to brain injury. These results could have implications for the treatment of brain trauma.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Natasha De Veauuse Brown
Georgia State University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Hidden variations in neuronal networks may explain differences in brain injury outcomes
A team of researchers at the Neuroscience Institute at Georgia State University has discovered that hidden differences in the properties of neural circuits can account for whether animals are behaviorally susceptible to brain injury. These results could have implications for the treatment of brain trauma.
March of Dimes Foundation, National Science Foundation, Brains and Behavior Program in Georgia State University's Neuroscience Institute

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 15-Jul-2014
Scientists launch far-ranging campaign to detail Front Range air pollution
Scientists at NCAR and partner organizations are launching a major field project across Colorado's Front Range this month to track ozone pollution. Results from the month-long study, which uses aircraft, ground sensors, and other instruments, will provide needed information to officials to ensure that air in the region is healthy.
Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Hosansky
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Rutgers chemists develop technology to produce clean-burning hydrogen fuel
Rutgers researchers have developed a technology that could overcome a major cost barrier to make clean-burning hydrogen fuel -- a fuel that could replace expensive and environmentally harmful fossil fuels. The new technology is a novel catalyst that performs almost as well as cost-prohibitive platinum for so-called electrolysis reactions, which use electric currents to split water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen. The Rutgers technology is also far more efficient than less-expensive catalysts investigated to-date.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carl Blesch
Rutgers University

Public Release: 14-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Months before their first words, babies' brains rehearse speech mechanics
University of Washington research in 7- and 11-month-old infants shows that speech sounds stimulate areas of the brain that coordinate and plan motor movements for speech. The study suggests that baby brains start laying down the groundwork of how to form words long before they actually begin to speak.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Molly McElroy
University of Washington

Public Release: 13-Jul-2014
Nature Chemistry
Researchers discover boron 'buckyball'
The discovery of buckyballs -- soccer-ball-shaped molecules of carbon -- helped usher in the nanotechnology era. Now, researchers from Brown University and universities in China have shown that boron, carbon's neighbor on the periodic table, can form a cage-like molecule similar to the buckyball. Until now, such a boron structure had only been a theoretical speculation. The researchers dubbed their new-found nanostructure 'borospherene.'
National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 13-Jul-2014
Nature Chemistry
Deep within spinach leaves, vibrations enhance efficiency of photosynthesis
Biophysics researchers at the University of Michigan have used short pulses of light to peer into the mechanics of photosynthesis and illuminate the role that molecule vibrations play in the energy conversion process that powers life on our planet.
Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, U-M Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion, Research Council of Lithuania

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
University of Michigan

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
Global Change Biology
Precipitation, not warming temperatures, may be key in bird adaptation to climate change
A new model analyzing how birds in western North America will respond to climate change suggests that for most species, regional warming is not as likely to influence population trends as will precipitation changes.
National Science Foundation, US Geological Survey

Contact: Matt Betts
Oregon State University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
MicroBooNE particle detector makes its move, with Yale's help
If you want to see neutrinos change flavors, you need a hefty detector. Yale University physicists and others at the Fermilab research facility in Illinois recently helped move a massive, 30-ton particle detector into a new building where it will be used to help scientists better understand the enigmatic particles known as neutrinos.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Shelton
Yale University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
PLOS Genetics
Scripps Florida scientists shed new light on nerve cell growth
In a new study, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have shed new light on the complex processes of nerve cell growth, showing that a particular protein plays a far more sophisticated role in neuron development than previously thought.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America 2014 Annual Conference
Your next Angry Birds opponent could be a robot
With the help of a smart tablet and Angry Birds, children can now do something typically reserved for engineers and computer scientists: program a robot to learn new skills. The Georgia Institute of Technology project is designed to serve as a rehabilitation tool and to help kids with disabilities.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jason Maderer
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
Biomedical Spectroscopy and Imaging
New technology reveals insights into mechanisms underlying amyloid diseases
Amyloid diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease and type 2 diabetes, share the common trait that proteins aggregate into long fibers which then form plaques. Yet in vitro studies have found that neither the amylin monomer precursors nor the plaques themselves are very toxic. New evidence using two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy has revealed an intermediate structure during the amylin aggregation pathway that may explain toxicity, opening a window for possible interventions.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Esther Mateike
IOS Press

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
The Astrophysical Journal
Radio-burst discovery deepens astrophysics mystery
The discovery of a split-second burst of radio waves by scientists using the Arecibo radio telescope in Puerto Rico provides important new evidence of mysterious pulses that appear to come from deep in outer space.
European Research Council, National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Fonds de recherche du Québec - Nature et technologies, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research

Contact: Chris Chipello
McGill University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
Scripps scientists discover evidence of super-fast deep earthquake
Scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego have discovered the first evidence that deep earthquakes, those breaking at more than 400 kilometers (250 miles) below Earth's surface, can rupture much faster than ordinary earthquakes. The finding gives seismologists new clues about the forces behind deep earthquakes as well as fast-breaking earthquakes that strike near the surface.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 10-Jul-2014
New research finds ocean's most abundant organisms have clear daily cycles
Researchers working at Station ALOHA, a deep ocean study site 100 km north of Oahu, observed different species of free-living, heterotrophic bacteria turning on diel cycling genes at slightly different times -- suggesting a wave of transcriptional activity that passes through the ocean microbial community each day.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Talia S. Ogliore
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Showing releases 226-250 out of 789.

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