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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 226-250 out of 838.

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Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Nature
Sequencing and analysis of gibbon genome sheds light on its complex evolution
A team led by an Oregon Health & Science University researcher has sequenced and annotated the genome of the only ape whose DNA had yet to be sequenced -- the gibbon, an endangered small ape that inhabits the tropical forests of Southeast Asia.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, European Research Council

Contact: Todd Murphy
murphyt@ohsu.edu
503-494-8231
Oregon Health & Science University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
UT Arlington research uses nanotechnology to help cool electrons with no external sources
A team of researchers has discovered a way to cool electrons to -228 C without external means and at room temperature, an advancement that could enable electronic devices to function with very little energy.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
ASU astrophysicists to probe how early universe made chemical elements
In its first billion years, the universe used massive stars to create nearly a hundred chemical elements. ASU researchers are a key part of a new project to find out how that happened.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Burnham
robert.burnham@asu.edu
480-458-8207
Arizona State University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Nano Letters
Penn engineers advance understanding of graphene's friction properties
On the macroscale, adding fluorine atoms to carbon-based materials makes for water-repellant, non-stick surfaces, such as Teflon. However, on the nanoscale, adding fluorine to graphene had been reported to vastly increase the friction experienced when sliding against the material. Through a combination of physical experiments and atomistic simulations, a University of Pennsylvania team has discovered the mechanism behind this surprising finding, which could help researchers better design and control the surface properties of new materials.
National Science Foundation, Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Journal of Paleontology
Ancient swamp creature had lips like Mick Jagger
A swamp-dwelling, plant-munching creature that lived 19 million years ago in Africa has been named after Rolling Stones lead singer Sir Mick Jagger, because of its big, sensitive lips and snout. The name of the animal, Jaggermeryx naida, translates to 'Jagger's water nymph.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
PLOS ONE
How skin falls apart: Pathology of autoimmune skin disease is revealed at the nanoscale
University at Buffalo researchers and colleagues studying a rare, blistering disease have discovered new details of how autoantibodies destroy healthy cells in skin.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, University at Buffalo

Contact: Ellen Goldbaum
goldbaum@buffalo.edu
716-645-4605
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Cloud-computing revolution applies to evolution
A $1.1 million National Science Foundation grant to two Rice University computer science groups will allow them to build cloud-computing tools to help analyze evolutionary patterns.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Nature
Researchers discover 3 extinct squirrel-like species
Paleontologists have described three new small squirrel-like species that place a poorly understood Mesozoic group of animals firmly in the mammal family tree. The study supports the idea that mammals -- an extremely diverse group that includes egg-laying monotremes such as the platypus, marsupials such as the opossum, and placentals like humans and whales -- originated at least 208 million years ago in the late Triassic, much earlier than some previous research suggests.
National Basic Research Program of China, National Science Foundation of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Contact: Kendra Snyder
ksnyder@amnh.org
212-496-3419
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Biogeochemistry
US cityscapes show consistent patterns of 'urban evolution'
In a special issue of Biogeochemistry, scientists studying urban ecosystems say US urban landscapes are remarkably similar geologically and biochemically, share certain traits that can function as markers for urbanization, and evolve along similar pathways. The authors propose the concept of 'urban evolution.'
National Science Foundation, NASA, New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station, Maryland Sea Grant

Contact: Heather Dewar
hdewar@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Lady baboons with guy pals live longer
Numerous studies have linked social interaction to improved health and survival in humans, and new research confirms that the same is true for baboons. A long-term study of more than 200 wild female baboons finds that the most sociable females live two to three years longer than their socially isolated counterparts. Socializing with males gave females an even bigger longevity boost than socializing with other females, the researchers found.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
MobiCom 2014
Rice wireless experts tap unused TV spectrum
Rice University researchers have found a way to make the most of the unused UHF TV spectrum by serving up fat streams of data over wireless hotspots that could stretch for miles. Rice's team will present its multiuser, multiantenna transmission technology today at the MobiCom 2014 conference in Maui, Hawaii.
National Science Foundation, Cisco Systems Inc.

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Physical Review X
'Solid' light could compute previously unsolvable problems
Researchers at Princeton University have begun crystallizing light as part of an effort to answer fundamental questions about the physics of matter. As part of an effort to develop exotic materials such as room-temperature superconductors, the researchers have locked together photons, the basic element of light, so that they become fixed in place.
Eric and Wendy Schmidt Transformative Technology Fund, National Science Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, US Army Research Office, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: John Sullivan
js29@princeton.edu
609-258-4597
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
NSF grant supports the nation's TV weathercasters as local climate education
The nation's television weathercasters will have better tools to keep their viewers informed about the local consequences of climate change, thanks to a $3 million National Science Foundation grant awarded to George Mason University and Climate Central, a non-profit science and journalism organization.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michele McDonald
mmcdon15@gmu.edu
703-993-8781
George Mason University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Southern Ocean's role in climate regulation, ocean health is goal of $21 million project
A six-year, $21 million program by Princeton University and 10 partner institutions will seek to make the importance and health of the Southern Ocean encircling Antarctica better known scientifically and publicly. The Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling program, or SOCCOM, will create a biogeochemical and physical portrait of the ocean using an expanded computational capacity and hundreds of robotic floats deployed around Antarctica.
National Science Foundation, NASA, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Morgan Kelly
mgnkelly@princeton.edu
609-258-5729
Princeton University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
ECCV 2014-European Conference on Computer Vision
Carnegie Mellon's smart headlights spare the eyes of oncoming drivers
A smart headlight developed at Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute enables drivers to take full advantage of their high beams without fear of blinding oncoming drivers or suffering from the glare that can occur when driving in snow or rain at night.
Ford Motor Co., US Department of Transportation, Intel Science and Technology Center for Embedded Computing, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Global Change Biology
Sharks in acidic waters avoid smell of food
The increasing acidification of ocean waters caused by rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels could rob sharks of their ability to sense the smell of food, a new study suggests.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brett Israel
brett.israel@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-1933
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
10th Annual Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Digital Entertainment
Researchers advance artificial intelligence for player goal prediction in gaming
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed artificial intelligence software that is significantly better than any previous technology at predicting what goal a player is trying to achieve in a video game. The advance holds promise for helping game developers design new ways of improving the gameplay experience for players.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
The saplings go their own way
In tropical rainforests, most young trees grow spatially independent from their parent trees. This means that it is not possible to predict where seedlings will take root, and less specialized species therefore have an advantage even in the species-rich rainforests of the tropics.
European Research Council, National Science Foundation, Center for Tropical Forest Science, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Mellon Foundation, Celera Foundation

Contact: Dr. Stephan Getzin
stephan.getzin@ufz.de
49-034-123-51719
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Shift in Arabia sea plankton may threaten fisheries
Researchers have documented the rapid rise of an unusual plankton in the Arabian Sea that could be disastrous for the predator fish that sustain 120 million people living on the sea's edge.
National Science Foundation, NASA, Indian Space Research Organization, India's Council of Industrial Research

Contact: Kim Martineau
kmartine@ldeo.columbia.edu
646-717-0134
The Earth Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Cell
In one of nature's innovations, a single cell smashes and rebuilds its own genome
A study led by Princeton University researchers found that a pond-dwelling, single-celled organism has the remarkable ability to break its own DNA into nearly a quarter-million pieces and rapidly reassemble those pieces when it's time to mate. This elaborate process could provide a template for understanding how chromosomes in more complex animals such as humans break apart and reassemble, as can happen during the onset of cancer.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Morgan Kelly, Princeton Office of Communications
mgnkelly@princeton.edu
609-258-5729
Princeton University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
UT Arlington genomic data-mining framework to aid manufacturers discover desired materials
A UT Arlington computer and data scientist has won a $250,000 National Science Foundation grant to develop a scalable data-mining framework that will help manufacturers quickly discover desired materials for building their products.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Rice chemist wins rare NSF Special Creativity Award
Ounce for ounce, gold nanorods cost about 7,000 times more than bulk gold, but that may change, thanks to an award-winning research program in the laboratory of Rice University chemist Eugene Zubarev.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
Ohio University paleontologists discover new species of titanosaurian dinosaur in Tanzania
Ohio University paleontologists have identified a new species of titanosaurian, a member of the large-bodied sauropods that thrived during the final period of the dinosaur age, in Tanzania. Although many fossils of titanosaurians have been discovered around the globe, especially in South America, few have been recovered from the continent of Africa.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society, Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University Office of the Vice President for Research and Creative Activity

Contact: Andrea Gibson
gibsona@ohio.edu
740-597-2166
Ohio University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Co-flowing liquids can stabilize chaotic 'whipping' in microfluidic jets
Industrial wet spinning processes produce fibers from polymers and other materials by using tiny needles to eject continuous jets of liquid precursors. The electrically charged liquids ejected from the needles normally exhibit a chaotic 'whipping' structure as they enter a secondary liquid that surrounds the microscopic jets. Researchers have now learned how to control that chaotic structure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Hog workers carry drug-resistant bacteria even after they leave the farm
A new study suggests that nearly half of workers who care for animals in large industrial hog farming operations may be carrying home livestock-associated bacteria in their noses, and that this potentially harmful bacteria remains with them up to four days after exposure.
North Carolina Occupational Safety and Health Education and Research Center, CDC/National Institute for Occupational Health and Safety, Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future, National Science Foundation

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhu.edu
410-955-7619
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Showing releases 226-250 out of 838.

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