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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 26-50 out of 859.

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Public Release: 1-Oct-2015
American Sociological Review
The media love men... bad news for women
Five out of every six names that appear in the media today are those of men, a McGill-led research team has discovered. That's because the media focuses nearly exclusively on individuals at the top of occupational and social hierarchies, who are mostly men: CEOs, politicians, movie directors, and the like the researchers discovered.
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, American Sociological Association/Advancement of the Discipline, National Science Foundation, and Google Faculty Research Awards

Contact: Eran Shor
McGill University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2015
Disease free water, a global health challenge, commands an international team effort
Peter Vikesland, an expert in the optimization of drinking water disinfection practices and a professor of civil and environmental engineering at Virginia Tech, is the principal investigator for a new five-year $3.6 million Partnerships in International Research and Education grant from the National Science Foundation that is aimed at mitigating the global public health threat of antibiotic resistance that affects drinking water.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lynn Nystrom
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 1-Oct-2015
Molecular Cell
Research connects specific variations in RNA splicing with breast cancer causation
Researchers have identified cellular changes traceable to an RNA splicing factor that's also an oncoprotein that may play a role in converting normal breast cells into tumors. Targeting these changes could potentially lead to therapies for some forms of breast cancer
NIH/National Cancer Institute, Swiss National Science Foundation, Susan B. Komen Foundation for the Cure, and Terri Brodeur Breast Cancer Foundation

Contact: Peter Tarr
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 1-Oct-2015
Tissue Engineering: Part C
An accessible approach to making a mini-brain
In a new paper in Tissue Engineering: Part C, Brown University researchers describe a relatively accessible method for making a working -- though not thinking -- sphere of central nervous system tissue. The advance could provide an inexpensive and easy-to-make 3-D testbed for biomedical research.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Brown Institute for Brain Science, US Department of Education

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2015
Scientific Reports
Researchers measure how specific atoms move in dielectric materials
Researchers have measured the behavior of specific atoms in dielectric materials when exposed to an electric field. The work advances our understanding of dielectric materials, which are used in a wide variety of applications -- from handheld electronics to defibrillators.
Department of Commerce, US Department of the Army, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2015
Study explores ancient ecosystem response to a 'big 5' mass extinction
This study explores one of the 'big five' mass extinctions, the Permian-Triassic event, revealing unexpected results about the types of animals that were most vulnerable to extinction, and the factors that might best predict community stability during times of great change. The authors say cutting-edge modeling techniques helped highlight the critical importance of understanding food webs (knowing 'who eats what') when trying to predict what communities look like before, during, and after a mass extinction.
NSF/Earth Life Transitions Program

Contact: Haley Bowling
California Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 1-Oct-2015
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
New, ultra-detailed maps of Great Lakes recreational use will inform restoration priorities
University of Michigan researchers and their colleagues have created exceptionally detailed maps of five Great Lakes recreational activities and say the information can be used to help prioritize restoration projects.
Erb Family Foundation, U-M Water Center, The Nature Conservancy, National Science Foundation and Packard Foundation

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 1-Oct-2015
New HOLODEC study in Science on using holography to better understand clouds
Michigan Tech researchers use a real life HOLODEC (yes, said like the Star Trek holodeck). The instrument creates a holographic model of water droplets in clouds. Check out the airborne laboratory the researchers fly with the National Center for Atmospheric Research and what the crew sees inside clouds.
National Science Foundation, DOE/Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility, NASA, and others

Contact: Raymond Shaw
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 30-Sep-2015
A flooding river moves more than just water
The National Science Foundation-funded study will investigate the underlying processes that link the environment, wildlife, domestic animals, and humans in dryland river systems in southern Africa.
NSF/Dynamics of Coupled Natural and Human Systems Program

Contact: Lynn Davis
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 30-Sep-2015
International Symposium on Memory Systems
'Performance cloning' techniques to boost computer chip memory systems design
Computer engineering researchers have developed software using two new techniques to help computer chip designers improve memory systems. The techniques rely on 'performance cloning,' which can assess the behavior of software without compromising privileged data or proprietary computer code.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 30-Sep-2015
Learning and Instruction
Math and me: Children who identify with math get higher scores
How strongly children identify with math (their math 'self-concept') can be used to predict how high they will score on a standardized test of math achievement, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Washington.
National Science Foundation, Singaporean Ministry of Education and University of Washington

Contact: Molly McElroy
University of Washington

Public Release: 30-Sep-2015
NSF CAREER award to improve data quality and data-driven processes
'Today, data is critical in almost every aspect of society, including healthcare, education, economy, and science,' says Meliou. 'However, because data is easily shared and reused, it has become less curated and less reliable. Data is often misused because its validity and origin are unclear, and mistakes easily propagate as data is often used to derive other data'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alexandra Meliou
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 30-Sep-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Gulf Stream ring water intrudes onto continental shelf like 'Pinocchio's nose'
Ocean robots installed off the coast of Massachusetts have helped scientists understand a previously unknown process by which warm Gulf Stream water and colder waters of the continental shelf exchange. The process occurs when offshore waters, originating in the tropics, intrude onto the Mid-Atlantic Bight shelf and meet the waters originating in regions near the Arctic. This process can greatly affect shelf circulation, biogeochemistry and fisheries.
National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
You are what you click
It's no secret that the things we click on, scroll across, swipe, tap or drag when we're browsing online or using a smartphone application can yield valuable information about us. Such data is a veritable goldmine to web browsers and online retailers who use it to assess our preferences and target advertising to our tastes. But, researchers at UC Santa Barbara suggest that studying users' online or smartphone actions could yield far more information about us than simply shopping habits.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sonia Fernandez
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Atmospheric Environment
Air quality and ozone pollution models for forested areas may be too simple
A new study assessing the influence of species diversity of canopy trees on the amount of ozone precursors a forest emits suggests that atmospheric chemistry models in use now may underestimate the importance of tree species mix and size to ozone pollution, says lead author Alexander Bryan, a postdoctoral fellow in the Northeast Climate Science Center at the University of Massachusetts Amherst.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alexander Bryan
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Rice news release: Smaller is better for nanotube analysis
Variance spectroscopy, invented at Rice University, lets researchers learn more about mixed batches of fluorescent nanotubes by focusing on small areas of samples and comparing their contents.
National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Advanced Materials
Wearable electronic health patches may now be cheaper and easier to make
A team of researchers in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin has invented a method for producing inexpensive and high-performing wearable patches that can continuously monitor the body's vital signs for human health and performance tracking. The researchers believe their new method is compatible with roll-to-roll manufacturing.
National Science Foundation CAREER grant

Contact: Sandra Zaragoza
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Modeling tool IDs genes that control stress response in plants
An interdisciplinary team of researchers from North Carolina State University and University of California, Davis has developed a modeling algorithm that is able to identify genes associated with specific biological functions in plants. The modeling tool will help plant biologists target individual genes that control how plants respond to drought, high temperatures or other environmental stressors.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
PLOS Biology
The brain perceives motion the same way through both vision and touch
The brain uses similar computations to calculate the direction and speed of objects in motion whether they are perceived visually or through the sense of touch. The notion that the brain uses shared calculations to interpret information from fundamentally different physical inputs has important implications for both basic and applied neuroscience, and suggests a powerful organizing principle for sensory perception.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Wood
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Scientists control rats' senses of familiarity, novelty
Brown University brain scientists didn't just study how recognition of familiarity and novelty arise in the mammalian brain, they actually took control, inducing rats to behave as if images they'd seen before were new, and images they had never seen were old.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Competing mice reveal genetic defects
In recent years, University of Utah biologists showed that when wild-type mice compete in seminatural 'mouse barns' for food, territory and mates, they can suffer health problems not revealed by conventional toxicity tests. This test previously found mouse reproduction and survival was harmed by inbreeding, certain medicines and fructose. Now, the sensitive toxicity test detected impaired reproduction in mice caused by genetic mutations that had seemed harmless when studied by developmental techniques.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
University of Utah

Public Release: 29-Sep-2015
Nature Communications
Researchers create first entropy-stabilized complex oxide alloys
Materials researchers have created the first entropy-stabilized alloy that incorporates oxides -- and demonstrated conclusively that the crystalline structure of the material can be determined by disorder at the atomic scale rather than chemical bonding.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
NSF supports Caltech-led global project to study cosmic flashes
An international project led by Caltech astrophysicist Mansi M. Kasliwal has been selected to receive $4.5 million over five years by the NSF through its Partnership for International Research and Education program. The project aims to improve our understanding of cosmic transients--extremely bright flashes of light that suddenly appear in the night sky, shining like new stars, a million to a billion times brighter than the sun, and then quickly fade away.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers discover key link in understanding billion-dollar pests in agriculture
Invisible to the naked eye, plant-parasitic nematodes are a huge threat to agriculture, causing billions in crop losses every year. Researchers at the University of Missouri and the University of Bonn have found the first genetic evidence linking one method these animals use to attack plants; they proved that nematodes use a specialized hormone to help them feed. This research could allow plant scientists to develop plants with enhanced resistance to these devastating agricultural pests.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 28-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Molecular 'kiss of death' flags pathogens
Disease-causing microorganisms hide in protective bubbles on the cell surface called vacuoles, making it difficult for the immune system to recognize and destroy them without causing harm to the rest of the cell. A Duke team has found that the body marks pathogen-containing vacuoles for destruction with a molecule called ubiquitin, commonly known as the 'kiss of death.' The finding could lead to new therapeutics that boost the immune system's response to pathogens.
American Heart Association Predoctoral Award, National Science Foundation Predoctoral award, Medical Research Council Studentship, Boehringer Ingelheim Fonds PhD Fellowship, Wellcome Trust Development Award, Medical Research Council Grant

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Showing releases 26-50 out of 859.

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