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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 846.

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Public Release: 12-Jul-2015
Science Advances
How clouds get their brightness
How clouds form and how they help set the temperature of the earth are two of the big remaining questions in climate research. Now, a study of clouds over the world's remotest ocean shows that ocean life is responsible for up to half the cloud droplets that pop in and out of existence during summer.
US Department of Energy, NASA, US Department of Defense, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Beckman
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 10-Jul-2015
Science Advances
Study finds surprisingly high geothermal heating beneath West Antarctic Ice Sheet
The amount of heat flowing toward the base of the West Antarctic ice sheet from geothermal sources deep within the Earth is surprisingly high, according to a new study led by UC Santa Cruz researchers. The results provide important data for researchers trying to predict the fate of the ice sheet, which has experienced rapid melting over the past decade.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 9-Jul-2015
A jump for soft-bodied robots
Wyss Institute researchers and their collaborators used a novel multi-material, 3-D printing strategy to construct entire robots using a layer upon layer approach to seamlessly blend rigid to soft components. The strategy permits construction of highly complex and robust structures that can't be achieved using conventional nuts and bolts manufacturing. A proof-of-concept prototype -- a soft-bodied autonomous jumping robot -- is reported in the July 10 issue of Science.
National Science Foundation, Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University

Contact: Kat J. McAlpine
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

Public Release: 9-Jul-2015
Nature Neuroscience
'Conjunction junction' for brain's navigation function
The retrosplenial cortex is a critical interface for mental mapping and way-finding, according to electrophysiological study by UC San Diego cognitive scientists.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Inga Kiderra
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 9-Jul-2015
Bacteria use DNA replication to time key decision
Bacteria use their DNA replication cycle to time critical, once-in-a-lifetime decisions about whether to reproduce or form spores. The new finding by researchers from Rice University, the University of California at San Diego and the University of Houston appears this week in the journal Cell.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 9-Jul-2015
Where iron and water mix
A new study demonstrates that chemical-laden plumes erupted from vents at one section of Mid Ocean Ridge in the southeast Pacific can be traced all the way across the Pacific for more than 4,000 kilometers. It also shows how the iron can be brought to the surface oceans of Antarctica where it has the potential to serve as a key life-sustaining micronutrient, supporting removal of carbon from the sunlit upper waters of that ocean.
National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 9-Jul-2015
Science Advances
Research shows that genomics can match plant variety to climate stresses
A new study on the genomic signatures of adaptation in crop plants can help predict how crop varieties respond to stress from their environments. It is the first study to document that these genomic signatures of adaptation can help identify plants that will do well under certain stresses, such drought or toxic soils.
National Science Foundation, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Geoff Morris
Kansas State University

Public Release: 9-Jul-2015
Global sea levels have risen 6 meters or more with just slight global warming
A new review analyzing three decades of research on the historic effects of melting polar ice sheets found that global sea levels have risen at least six meters, or about 20 feet, above present levels on multiple occasions over the past three million years. What is most concerning is that amount of melting was caused by an increase of only 1-2 degrees (Celsius) in global mean temperatures.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anders Carlson
Oregon State University

Public Release: 9-Jul-2015
Hopping towards a better soft robot
Harvard engineers have developed one of the first 3-D printed, soft robots that moves autonomously. The design offers a new solution to an engineering challenge that has plagued soft robotics: the integration of rigid and soft materials.
National Science Foundation, Wyss Institute at Harvard University, US Army Research Office, National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard University

Public Release: 9-Jul-2015
Where does water go when it doesn't flow?
More than a quarter of the rain and snow that falls on continents reaches the oceans as runoff. Now a new study helps show where the rest goes.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Defense

Contact: Joe Rojas-Burke
University of Utah

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
Sensitive and specific: A new way of probing electrolyte/electrode interfaces
Researchers have developed a new technique that enables sensitive and specific detection of molecules at the electrode/electrolyte interface. This new method uses diffraction from graphene gratings to overcome key difficulties associated with traditional optical spectroscopy that employs infrared probing of buried interfaces.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Rachel Berkowitz
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
Bonelike 3-D silicon synthesized for potential use with medical devices
Researchers have developed a new approach for better integrating medical devices with biological systems. The researchers, led by Bozhi Tian, assistant professor in chemistry at the University of Chicago, have developed the first skeleton-like silicon spicules ever prepared via chemical processes.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Searle Scholar Program, UChicago Startup Fund

Contact: Steve Koppes
University of Chicago

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
Patent filings by women have risen fastest in academia, finds IU study
The number of women across the globe filing patents with the US Patent and Trade Office over the past 40 years has risen fastest within academia compared to all other sectors of the innovation economy, according to a new study from Indiana University.
National Science Foundation Science of Science and Innovation Policy Program, Canada Research Chairs Program, Fonds de Recherche du Québec-Société et Culture, Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

Contact: Kevin Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Hybrid cells cause chaos around cancers
Rice University researchers have built a simulation to understand how cancerous tumors manipulate blood-vessel growth.
National Science Foundation, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, São Paulo Research Foundation, Tauber Family Funds, Maguy-Glass Chair in Physics of Complex Systems at Tel Aviv University

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
New timeline links volcanic eruptions to centuries of cold temperature extremes
A new study reorders the timing and reveals the climate impact of nearly 300 major volcanic eruptions worldwide, dating back to the early Roman period.
National Science Foundation's Polar Program

Contact: Jim Shelton
Yale University

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
Ecology Letters
Study finds recent agricultural pest stems from one fly generation's big genetic shift
A new study involving a Kansas State University entomologist reveals that the genes of a fruit fly that has plagued American apple producers for more than 150 years is the result of an extremely rapid evolutionary change.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture, Environmental Change Initiative at Notre Dame

Contact: Greg Ragland
Kansas State University

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
Seafloor hot springs a significant source of iron in the oceans
A two-month voyage tracking a deep current flowing from one of the most active underwater volcanoes on Earth proves that iron released from hydrothermal vents travels thousands of miles, providing a significant source of iron to support life in the broader oceans.
NOAA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 8-Jul-2015
Volcanic eruptions that changed human history
It is well known that large volcanic eruptions contribute to climate variability. Published today in the journal Nature, a new study led by scientists from the Desert Research Institute and collaborating international institutions, uses new evidence found in both ice cores and corresponding tree rings to show the timing and associated radiative forcing of nearly 300 individual volcanic eruptions extending as far back as the early Roman period.
National Science Foundation's Polar Program, and others

Contact: Justin Broglio
Desert Research Institute

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study: Groundwater from aquifers important factor in food security
Thirsty cities, fields and livestock drink deeply from aquifers, natural sources of groundwater. But a study of three of the most-tapped aquifers in the United States shows that overdrawing from these resources could lead to difficult choices affecting not only domestic food security but also international markets, say researchers at the University of Illinois and Lehigh University.
US Department of Defense, National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Scientists develop free, online genetic research tool
For most genetic scientists, the lack of access to computer servers and programs capable of quickly handling vast amounts of data can hinder genetic advancements. Now, a group of scientists at the University of Missouri has introduced a game changer in the world of biological research. The online, free service, RNAMiner, has been developed to handle large datasets which could lead to faster results in the study of plant and animal genomics.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Privacy Enhancing Technologies Symposium
Proceedings on Privacy Enhancing Technologies
Fewer women than men are shown online ads related to high-paying jobs
Experiments by Carnegie Mellon University showed that significantly fewer women than men were shown online ads promising them help getting jobs paying more than $200,000, raising questions about the fairness of targeting ads online.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Byron Spice
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Bats do it, dolphins do it -- now humans can do it, too
Bats have been using sonar to navigate and communicate for ages, and now humans can do the same, thanks to lightweight and efficient ultrasound microphones and loudspeakers developed by UC Berkeley physicists. The devices owe their flat frequency response to graphene, which makes a stiff and responsive diaphragm far superior to those in today's ultrasound receivers and transmitters. Biologists can even slap one on a bat to record its nightly ultrasonic conversations.
US Department of Energy, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
NSF funds methane research with potential for greener energy, manufacturing
The National Science Foundation has awarded its most prestigious honor for young researchers to a new NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering faculty member who is trying to solve the difficult problem of controlling methane's carbon-hydrogen bonds at moderate temperatures -- a problem which, if solved, could lead to greener energy, improve the manufacture of commodities, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals, and perhaps even keep future intergalactic travelers healthy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
British Journal of Educational Technology
Smartphones may be detrimental to learning process
A yearlong study of first-time smartphone users by researchers at Rice University and the US Air Force found that users felt smartphones were actually detrimental to their ability to learn.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 7-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
The next anti-tuberculosis drug may already be in your local pharmacy
Testing thousands of approved drugs, EPFL scientists have identified an unlikely anti-tuberculosis drug: the over-the-counter antacid lansoprazole (Prevacid).
Swiss National Science Foundation, German Federal Ministry of Research and Education

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Showing releases 251-275 out of 846.

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