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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 807.

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Public Release: 31-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Isotope study shows which urban ants love junk food
Research finds that some -- but not all -- of the ant species on the streets of Manhattan have developed a taste for human food, offering insight into why certain ants are thriving in urban environments. The findings stem from a study that tested isotope levels in New York City ants to determine the makeup of their diet.
National Science Foundation, US Department of the Interior

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Massive study is first to explore historical ocean response to abrupt climate change
A new study reports that marine ecosystems can take thousands, rather than hundreds, of years to recover from climate-related upheavals. The study's authors -- including Peter Roopnarine, Ph.D., of the California Academy of Sciences -- analyzed thousands of invertebrate fossils to show that ecosystem recovery from climate change and seawater deoxygenation might take place on a millennial scale.
National Science Foundation, UC Multicampus Research Programs and Initiatives, UC Davis REACH IGERT, Mia Tegner Historical Ecology Grant, EPA STAR Fellowship, Switzer Environmental Fellowship

Contact: Haley Bowling
hbowling@calacademy.org
415-379-5123
California Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Journal of Zoology
Clues to aging from long-lived lemurs
Researchers combed through more than 50 years of medical records on hundreds of lemurs at the Duke Lemur Center for clues to their longevity. They found that how long these primates live and how fast they age correlates with the amount of time they spend in a state of suspended animation known as torpor. The research may eventually help scientists identify 'anti-aging' genes in humans.
Rufford Foundation, MMBF/Conservation International Primate Action Fund, Primate Conservation, Inc., Margot Marsh Biodiversity Foundation. German Research Foundation, US National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Journal of Neurophysiology
Carnegie Mellon researchers create 'Wikipedia' for neurons
To help scientists make sense of 'brain big data,' researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have used data mining to create www.neuroelectro.org, a publicly available website that acts like Wikipedia, indexing physiological information about neurons. The site will help to accelerate the advance of neuroscience research by providing a centralized resource for collecting and comparing data on neuronal function.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, NIH/National Institute for Mental Health, Pennsylvania Department of Health's Commonwealth Universal Research Enhancement Program

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Hidden costs: The unseen way organisms cope with climate change
Environmental stress from climate change forces an organism's metabolism into overdrive -- though it may not be immediately apparent, it nudges the organism ever closer to the brink of disaster.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
UMD's Physics Frontier Center renewed by National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation renewed its support for the Joint Quantum Institute's (JQI) Physics Frontier Center with a new five-year grant. JQI is a partnership between the University of Maryland and the National Institute of Standards and Technology, with support from the Laboratory for Physical Sciences. The center supports researchers in atomic and condensed matter physics. The center also hosts physics public outreach programs, including a hands-on summer program for high school students.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Robinson
abbyr@umd.edu
301-405-5845
University of Maryland

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Ecology Letters
Setting a dinner table for wildlife can affect their risk of disease
Supplemental feeding of wildlife can increase the spread of some infectious diseases and decrease the spread of others. A new study by University of Georgia ecologists finds that the outcome depends on the type of pathogen and the source of food. The findings, published in the journal Ecology Letters, have implications for human health and wildlife conservation, and contain practical suggestions for wildlife disease management and a roadmap for future study.
University of Georgia Graduate School, National Science Foundation, Wellcome Trust/Royal Society Sir Henry Dale Fellowship

Contact: Beth Gavrilles
bethgav@uga.edu
706-542-7247
University of Georgia

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
New NSF-funded Physics Frontiers Center joins the race to detect gravitational waves
The center will focus on the search for gravitational waves by measuring coordinated changes in the arrival times of radio signals from pulsars, nature's most stable clocks.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Xavier Siemens
siemens@gravity.phys.uwm.edu
414-229-6439
University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Journal of Physiology
Mother's diet influences weight-control neurocircuits in offspring
Maternal diet during pregnancy and lactation may prime offspring for weight gain and obesity later in life, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers, who looked at rats whose mothers consumed a high-fat diet and found that the offsprings' feeding controls and feelings of fullness did not function normally.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Solovey
msolovey@hmc.psu.edu
717-531-8606
Penn State

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Pitt designated an innovation corps site by National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has designated the University of Pittsburgh as an NSF I-Corps site. The award, which supports innovation activities at select academic institutions, comes with a three-year, $300,000 grant to be used to advance innovation, commercialization, and entrepreneurship at Pitt.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joe Miksch
jmiksch@pitt.edu
412-624-4356
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Smart phone app monitors depression in real time
A new phone app screens for depression with 24-hour monitoring of speech, walking pace and other behavioral cues.
National Science Foundation

Contact: William Weir
weir@engr.uconn.edu
860-486-1734
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Nature Methods
High-tech method allows rapid imaging of functions in living brain
Researchers studying cancer and other invasive diseases rely on high-resolution imaging to see tumors and other activity deep within the body's tissues. Using a new high-speed, high-resolution imaging method, Lihong Wang, Ph.D., and his team at Washington University in St. Louis were able to see blood flow, blood oxygenation, oxygen metabolism and other functions inside a living mouse brain at faster rates than ever before.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Flory
julie.flory@wustl.edu
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Nature Geoscience
Glimpses of the future: Drought damage leads to widespread forest death
The 2000-2003 drought in the American southwest triggered a widespread die-off of forests around the region. A team of scientists developed a new modeling tool to explain how and where trembling aspen forests died as a result of this drought, based on damage to the individual trees' ability to transport water. Their results suggest that more widespread die-offs of aspen forests triggered by climate change are likely by the 2050s.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, NOAA, Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan, National Taiwan University, and Carnegie Institution for Science

Contact: William Anderegg
970-739-4954
Carnegie Institution

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sea change: What took decades to destroy in oceans took millennia to recover
While climate change and the deoxygenation of seawater can alter ocean ecology very quickly, recovery can be on a 1,000-year scale, not the 100-year scale previously thought.
National Science Foundation, EPA STAR Fellowship, Switzer Environmental Fellowship

Contact: Sarah Moffitt
semoffitt@ucdavis.edu
808-381-9177
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Journal of Cell Biology
New molecular clues about mysterious brain blood vessel disorder
Yale researchers have uncovered new details about the relationship between two proteins associated with the formation of cerebral cavernous malformations, a little understood neurovascular disorder.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society, National Science Foundation, American Heart Association

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
news@rupress.org
212-327-8603
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 29-Mar-2015
UTA researcher earns NSF grant to study biodiversity in Africa
UT Arlington assistant biology professor Matthew Fujita has earned a National Science Foundation grant to study the rich species diversity in West and Central Africa.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bridget Lewis
blewis@uta.edu
817-272-3317
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 29-Mar-2015
Race, ethnicity, gender, family income to be studied as metrics for STEM success
Sarah Ovink, an assistant professor of sociology at Virginia Tech, will study inequalities in college achievement and subsequent career success among women and underrepresented minorities in STEM fields with a 2015 National Science Foundation Faculty Early Development CAREER Award.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jean Elliott
elliottj@vt.edu
540-231-5915
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Applications in Plant Sciences
The shortest DNA sequences reveal insights into the world's tallest trees
Coast redwoods (Sequioa sempervirens), famous for being the world's tallest trees, are also unusual for their ability to reproduce clonally from stumps, fallen logs, and roots. Researchers have outlined a new method in Applications in Plant Sciences to identify clonal lineages and study clonal diversity across the species' geographic range. Genetic data produced from this protocol could help guide sustainable forest management of commercial young-growth forests and also improve efforts to preserve ancient redwood populations.
National Science Foundation, Save the Redwoods League, University of California Berkeley

Contact: Beth Parada
apps@botany.org
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Journal of Climate
Climate change does not cause extreme winters
Cold snaps like the ones that hit the eastern United States in the past winters are not a consequence of climate change. Scientists at ETH Zurich and the California Institute of Technology have shown that global warming actually tends to reduce temperature variability.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tapio Schneider
tapio@ethz.ch
41-446-332-621
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
Big data allows computer engineers to find genetic clues in humans
Computer scientists at Washington University in St. Louis' School of Engineering & Applied Science tackled some big data about an important protein and discovered its connection in human history as well as clues about its role in complex neurological diseases.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Municipal Government of Wuhan, Hubei, China

Contact: Julie Flory
julie.flory@wustl.edu
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Journal of Mammalogy
A peek at the secret life of pandas
The world is fascinated by the reclusive giant pandas, yet precious little is known about how they spend their time in the Chinese bamboo forests. Until now. A team of Michigan State University (MSU) researchers who have been electronically stalking five pandas in the wild, courtesy of rare GPS collars, have finished crunching months of data and has published some panda surprises in this month's Journal of Mammalogy.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Sue Nichols
Nichols@msu.edu
517-282-1093
Michigan State University

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Metals used in high-tech products face future supply risks
Yale researchers have assessed the 'criticality' of all 62 metals on the Periodic Table of Elements, providing key insights into which materials might become more difficult to find in the coming decades, which ones will exact the highest environmental costs -- and which ones simply cannot be replaced as components of vital technologies.
A-1 Specialized Services and Supplies, BP International, General Electric Global Research Center, Grundfos Holding A/S, Renault Group, Shell Global Solutions, Volkswagen Group, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
kevin.dennehy@yale.edu
203-436-4842
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Science Advances
Nanoscale worms provide new route to nano-necklace structures
Researchers have developed a novel technique for crafting nanometer-scale necklaces based on tiny star-like structures threaded onto a polymeric backbone. The technique could provide a new way to produce hybrid organic-inorganic shish kebab structures from semiconducting, magnetic, ferroelectric and other materials that may afford useful nanoscale properties.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Minjiang Scholar Program, National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, China Scholarship Council

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 26-Mar-2015
PLOS Pathogens
Honey bees use multiple genetic pathways to fight infections
Honey bees use different sets of genes, regulated by two distinct mechanisms, to fight off viruses, bacteria and gut parasites, according to researchers at Penn State and the Georgia Institute of Technology. The findings may help scientists develop honey bee treatments that are tailored to specific types of infections.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 26-Mar-2015
Science
Using magnetic fields to understand high-temperature superconductivity
Taking our understanding of quantum matter to new levels, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory are exposing high-temperature superconductors to very high magnetic fields, changing the temperature at which the materials become perfectly conducting and revealing unique properties of these substances.
National Science Foundation Division of Materials Research, DOE/Office of Science, Florida State University, State of Florida, and Los Alamos National Laboratory/LDRD Program

Contact: Nancy Ambrosiano
nwa@lanl.gov
505-667-0471
DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Showing releases 251-275 out of 807.

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