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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 276-300 out of 923.

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Public Release: 1-Jul-2016
Researcher pursues new applications for 'hot' electrons
Three years after his discovery of porous gold nanoparticles -- gold nanoparticles that offer a larger surface area because of their porous nature -- a University of Houston researcher is continuing to explore the science and potential applications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
jekever@uh.edu
713-743-0778
University of Houston

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Physical Review B
Jupiter on a bench
Earlier this year, in an experiment about five-feet long, Harvard University researchers say they observed evidence of the abrupt transition of hydrogen from liquid insulator to liquid metal. It is one of the first times such a transition has ever been observed in any experiment.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Stockpile Stewardship Academic Alliance Program, NASA/Earth and Space Science Fellowship Program

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Grade-school students teach a robot to help themselves learn geometry
NYU, ASU, and Carleton U. researchers create rTAG, a tangible learning environment that utilizes teachable agent framing, together with a physical robotic agent to get students away from the traditional computer monitor, keyboard, and mouse.
National Science Foundation, CAPES Foundation, Ministry of Education of Brazil, Brasília

Contact: Christopher James
christopher.james@nyu.edu
212-998-6876
New York University

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Science
Climate change's effect on Rocky Mountain plant is driven by sex
For the valerian plant, higher elevations in the Colorado Rocky Mountains are becoming much more co-ed. And the primary reason appears to be climate change.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Vasich
tmvasich@uci.edu
949-824-6455
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Science
Study finds that plant growth responses to high carbon dioxide depend on symbiotic fungi
Research by an international team of environmental scientists from the United Kingdom, Belgium and United States, including Indiana University, has found that plants that associate with one type of symbiotic fungi grow bigger in response to high levels of carbon dioxide, or CO2, in the atmosphere, but plants that associate with the other major type of symbiotic fungi do not.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Renewable Energy
New technology could improve use of small-scale hydropower in developing nations
Engineers have created a new computer modeling package that people anywhere in the world could use to assess the potential of a stream for small-scale, 'run of river' hydropower, an option to produce electricity that's of special importance in the developing world.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kendra Sharp
Kendra.sharp@oregonstate.edu
541-737-5246
Oregon State University

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Wireless, wearable toxic-gas detector
Tim Swager and other MIT researchers developed wearable, wireless sensors, based on carbon nanotubes, that can detect toxic gases and can be worn by soldiers to detect hazardous chemical agents.
National Science Foundation, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Science
Scientists observe first signs of healing in the Antarctic ozone layer
Scientists have found the first 'fingerprints of healing' for the Antarctic ozone hole. The September ozone hole has shrunk by more than 4 million square kilometers since 2000, when ozone depletion was at its peak.
National Science Foundation, and US Department of Energy

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8293
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Science
Microbes, nitrogen and plant responses to rising atmospheric carbon dioxide
Plants can grow faster as atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations increase, but only if they have enough nitrogen or partner with fungi that help them get it, according to new research published this week in Science.
US Department of Energy, The European Research Council, National Science Foundation

Contact: Bruce Hungate
Bruce.Hungate@nau.edu
928-699-3998
Northern Arizona University

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Current Biology
MRI technique induces strong, enduring visual association
Volunteers in a brain science experiment learned associations between patterns and color such that when shown the patterns later, they were still biased to perceive the color even if it wasn't really there.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Government of Japan

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
UC Riverside anthropologist awarded NSF grant to excavate Maya households
An international team of researchers led by UC Riverside anthropologist Travis Stanton will begin excavating household sites in the ruins of Yaxuna, Coba and a rural community along a causeway on the Yucatán Peninsula next summer in an effort to determine how life changed for tens of thousands of people who lived along what was the longest road in the ancient Maya world.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bettye Miller
bettye.miller@ucr.edu
951-827-7847
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Ocean acidification affects predator-prey response
Ocean acidification makes it harder for sea snails to escape from their sea star predators, according to a study from UC Davis. The findings suggest that by disturbing predator-prey interactions, ocean acidification could spur cascading consequences for food web systems in shoreline ecosystems.
National Science Foundation, California Sea Grant, Bodega Marine Laboratory

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
Mechanical engineering team gets $200K to study increasing capacity of lithium batteries
The National Science Foundation has awarded $200,022 to a research team led by Likun Zhu, an associate professor of mechanical engineering with the School of Engineering and Technology at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, to overcome problems with one approach to increasing the capacity of lithium ion batteries.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Rich Schneider
rcschnei@iu.edu
317-278-4564
Indiana University

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
2016 AAAS NSF Conference
Findings show gender, not race, a factor in college engineering dropouts
Researchers from the University of Missouri and partner institutions are exploring how ethnic and gender variables affect retention rates, goal setting and satisfaction among engineering students. Preliminary findings in the middle of this five-year study found no differences in retention between Latino and white engineering students, but did show differences between men and women. Their study could help shape methods needed to retain students in engineering fields.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
Scientific Reports
Researchers develop key power-splitting component for terahertz waves
One of the most basic components of any communications network is a power splitter that allows a signal to be sent to multiple users and devices. Researchers from Brown University have now developed just such a device for terahertz radiation -- a range of frequencies that may one day enable data transfer up to 100 times faster than current cellular and Wi-Fi networks.
National Science Foundation, W. M. Keck Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
Nature
Motivation to bully is regulated by brain reward circuits
Researchers identify nerve cell communication between specific brain regions, providing insight for the development of new therapeutic strategies.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Natural National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Elizabeth Dowling
newsmedia@mssm.edu
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
Nature
Watching a forest breathe
For the first time, scientists traced carbon dioxide flows through a forest during photosynthesis and respiration, correcting long-standing assumptions about how plants exchange the greenhouse gas with the atmosphere on an ecosystem-wide level. The results could help make climate prediction models more accurate.
US Department of Energy, University of Arizona, National Science Foundation

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4402
University of Arizona

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
Journal of the American Heart Association
Men may face high lifetime risk of sudden cardiac death
One in nine men may be at higher risk of premature death due to sudden cardiac death - usually with no warning. One in 30 women may face the same risk. The study offers the first lifetime estimates for sudden cardiac death among Americans. High blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors were associated with a higher lifetime risk of sudden cardiac death -- a finding which could lead to screening methods for sudden cardiac death.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Bridgette McNeill
bridgette.mcneill@heart.org
214-706-1135
American Heart Association

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
NSF grants IU $525,000 to advance research on molecular transformation, carbon recycling
Two Indiana University chemists have received $525,000 from the National Science Foundation to advance research with applications to the emerging field of carbon recycling.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
Remote Sensing
New study shows impact of man-made structures on Louisiana's coastal wetlands
As Louisiana's wetlands continue to disappear at an alarming rate, a new study has pinpointed the man-made structures that disrupt the natural water flow and threaten these important ecosystems. The findings have important implications for New Orleans and other coastal cities that rely on coastal wetlands to serve as buffer from destructive extreme weather events.
National Science Foundation, Fulbright Scholarship, The National Council for Science and Technology, Mexico

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
See and sort: Developing novel techniques to visualize uncultured microbial cell activity
In a study published online the week of June 27, 2016 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Caltech and DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers utilized a recently refined technique to identify both individual active cells, and single clusters of active bacteria and archaea within microbial communities. The DOE is interested in learning how the planet's 'microbial dark matter' can be harnessed for energy and environmental challenges.
NSF/Center for Dark Energy Biosphere Investigations, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Austrian Science Fund, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: David Gilbert
degilbert@lbl.gov
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
Nature Communications
Building a better battery
An international team led by Texas A&M University chemist Sarbajit Banerjee is one step closer, thanks to new research published June 28 in the journal Nature Communications that has the potential to create more efficient batteries by shedding light on the cause of one of their biggest problems -- a 'traffic jam' of ions that slows down their charging and discharging process.
National Science Foundation, Research Corporation for Science Advancement

Contact: Shana Hutchins
shutchins@science.tamu.edu
979-862-1237
Texas A&M University

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
NYU Tandon to embed NYC teachers in industry so they can be engineering career advocates
Next year, a grant of $600,000 from the National Science Foundation will include funds to pay 30 middle and high school teachers for a six-week-long summer training program at the research laboratories of the NYU Tandon School of Engineering and a participating industry sponsor. This program will add hands-on industry experience at major businesses, enabling the educators of the next generation of technology workers to teach engineering, technology, and entrepreneurship from a firsthand perspective.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
kathleen.hamilton@nyu.edu
646-997-3792
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
Science Translational Medicine
New electric mesh device gives the heart an electromechanical hug
A research team led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) and Seoul National University has developed a new electric mesh device that can be wrapped around the heart to deliver electrical impulses and thereby improve cardiac function in experimental models of heart failure, a major public health concern and leading cause of mortality and disability.
Ministry of Science, Future Planning in Korea, National Science Foundation, Institute of Computer Engineering and Sciences, University of Texas, Austin

Contact: Jennifer Kritz
jkritz@bidmc.harvard.edu
617-667-7301
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
Video privacy software lets you select what others can see
Camera-equipped smartphones, laptops and other devices make it possible to share ideas and images with anyone, anywhere, often in real-time. But in our cameras-everywhere culture, the risks of accidentally leaking sensitive information are growing. Computer scientists at Duke University have developed software that helps prevent inadvertent disclosure of trade secrets and other restricted information within a camera's field of view by letting users specify what others can see.
Intel, Google, National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Showing releases 276-300 out of 923.

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