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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 276-300 out of 851.

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Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
2-D materials' crystalline defects key to new properties
Understanding how atoms 'glide' and 'climb' on the surface of 2-D crystals like tungsten disulphide may pave the way for researchers to develop materials with unusual or unique characteristics, according to an international team of researchers.
US Army Research Office, Robert Welch Foundation, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Grant to help find why people reveal information online
Penn State researchers have received a $262,383 grant from the National Science Foundation to better understand why people disclose or withhold private information during online transactions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Researchers aim to improve educational software through speech and emotion detection
North Carolina State University researchers have won a $1.2 million grant from the National Science Foundation to improve educational software by enabling it to assess facial expression, body language, speech and other cues to better respond to a student's emotional state during the learning process.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Case Western Reserve University on track to become No. 1 synchrotron lab in world
Case Western Reserve University's synchrotron facility at Brookhaven National Laboratory is on its way to becoming the No. 1 beamline facility for biology in the world by early 2016, thanks to a jumpstart grant of $4.6 million from the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, a component of the National Institutes of Health.
NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
jeannette.spalding@case.edu
216-368-3004
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Immune system is key ally in cyberwar against cancer
Research by Rice University scientists who are fighting a cyberwar against cancer finds that the immune system may be a clinician's most powerful ally.
Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, National Science Foundation, Tauber Family Funds

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Water Resources Research
Water-quality trading can reduce river pollution
Allowing polluters to buy, sell or trade water-quality credits will reduce pollution in rivers and estuaries faster and at lower cost than requiring them to meet compliance costs on their own, a Duke-led study finds. Establishing trading markets at a river-basin scale and allowing interstate trades will yield optimal results, but regulators shouldn't let uncertainties over details bog down a program's launch, since trading at any scale will yield gains over no trading at all.
National Science Foundation, Property and Environment Research Center

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Biology Letters
A step in the right direction to avoid falls
Researchers have developed a mathematical model that lends new insight to how humans walk.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Nature Climate Change
State policies are effective in reducing power plant emissions, CU-led study finds
A new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder found that different strategies used by states to reduce power plant emissions -- direct ones such as emission caps and indirect ones like encouraging renewable energy -- are both effective. The study is the first analysis of its kind.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Don Grant
Don.GrantII@colorado.edu
303-492-6410
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
BU receives NSF grant to develop 'smart city' cloud platform
Boston University's Rafik B. Hariri Institute for Computing and Computational Science & Engineering has received funding from the National Science Foundation to develop a 'smart-city' cloud platform designed to streamline and strengthen multiple municipal functions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kira Jastive
kjastive@bu.edu
617-358-1240
Boston University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Recreating the stripe patterns found in animals by engineering synthetic gene networks
Researchers at the CRG try to understand how networks of genes work together to create specific patterns like stripes. They have gone beyond studying individual networks and have created computational and synthetic mechanisms for a whole 'design space' of networks in the bacteria Escherichia coli. The system proves to be more efficient and powerful than building networks one-by-one, and its results have been published in the journal Nature Communications.
Swiss National Science Foundation Fellowship, Marie Curie Action, MINECO/Plan Nacional, Fundació La Marató de TV3, Institut Catalan de Recerca i Estudis Avancats

Contact: Juan Manuel Sarasua
juan.sarasua@crg.eu
34-933-160-159
Center for Genomic Regulation

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Could suburban sprawl be good for segregation?
Racially and economically mixed cities are more likely to stay integrated if the density of households stays low, finds a new analysis of a now-famous model of segregation. By simulating the movement of families between neighborhoods in a virtual 'city,' Duke University mathematicians show that cities are more likely to become segregated along racial, ethnic or other lines when the proportion of occupied sites rises above a certain critical threshold -- as low as 25 percent.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2014
Geological Society of America Bulletin
Snail shells show high-rise plateau is much lower than it used to be
Geologists have long debated when and how the Tibetan Plateau reached a 14,000-foot-plus elevation, but new research shows it once was probably several thousand feet higher.
National Science Foundation, American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund, Comer Foundation, Natural Science Foundation of China.

Contact: Vince Stricherz
vinces@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 22-Sep-2014
Journal of Herpetology
Answer to restoring lost island biodiversity found in fossils
Many native species have vanished from tropical islands because of human impact, but University of Florida scientists have discovered how fossils can be used to restore lost biodiversity.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society

Contact: David Steadman
dws@flmnh.ufl.edu
407-913-7615
University of Florida

Public Release: 22-Sep-2014
Journal of Controlled Release
New chip promising for tumor-targeting research
Researchers have developed a chip capable of simulating a tumor's 'microenvironment' and plan to use the new system to test the effectiveness of nanoparticles and drugs that target cancer.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Emil Venere
venere@purdue.edu
765-494-4709
Purdue University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Graphene imperfections key to creating hypersensitive 'electronic nose'
Researchers have discovered a way to create a highly sensitive chemical sensor based on the crystalline flaws in graphene sheets. The imperfections have unique electronic properties that the researchers were able to exploit to increase sensitivity to absorbed gas molecules by 300 times.
National Science Foundation, DOE/National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, NSF/Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment

Contact: Jeanne Galatzer-Levy
jgala@uic.edu
312-996-1583
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 22-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Variability keeps the body in balance
Although the heart beats out a very familiar 'lub-dub' pattern that speeds up or slows down as our activity increases or decreases, the pattern itself isn't as regular as you might think. In fact, the amount of time between heartbeats can vary even at a 'constant' heart rate -- and that variability, doctors have found, is a good thing.
John G. Braun Professorship, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, Pfizer, National Institutes of Health, Institute of Collaborative Biotechnologies

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
debwms@caltech.edu
626-395-3227
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 22-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Platelets modulate clotting behavior by 'feeling' their surroundings
Platelets respond to surfaces with greater stiffness by increasing their stickiness, the degree to which they "turn on" other platelets and other components of the clotting system, Emory and Georgia Tech researchers found.
National Science Foundation, American Heart Association, NIH/National Heart Lung Blood Institute, NIH/National Eye Institute

Contact: Quinn Eastman
qeastma@emory.edu
404-727-7829
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 22-Sep-2014
Project launched to study evolutionary history of fungi
The University of California, Riverside is one of 11 collaborating institutions that are funded a total of $2.5 million by the National Science Foundation for a project focused on studying zygomycetes -- ancient lineages of fungi that include plant symbionts, animal and human pathogens and decomposers of a wide variety of organic compounds. Jason Stajich, an associate professor of plant pathology and microbiology, is principal investigator of the project called the 'Zygomycete Genealogy of Life.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 22-Sep-2014
IEEE Symposium on Security & Privacy
Dartmouth's new ZEBRA bracelet strengthens computer security
In a big step for securing critical information systems, such as medical records in clinical settings, Dartmouth College researchers have created a new approach to computer security that authenticates users continuously while they are using a terminal and automatically logs them out when they leave or when someone else steps in to use their terminal.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
John.Cramer@Dartmouth.edu
603-646-9130
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 22-Sep-2014
IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
New RFID technology helps robots find household objects
Researchers have created a new search algorithm that improves a robot's ability to find and navigate to tagged objects. The team has implemented their system on a PR2 robot, allowing it to travel through a home and correctly locate different types of tagged household objects, including a medication bottle, TV remote, phone and hair brush.
National Science Foundation, Willow Garage

Contact: Jason Maderer
maderer@gatech.edu
404-385-2966
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 22-Sep-2014
Pitt engineers receive grants to enhance additive manufacturing
Engineers at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering are proposing to develop enhanced modeling and simulation technology and new qualification standards that will further the adoption of additive manufacturing by industry.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 22-Sep-2014
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Finding hints of gravitational waves in the stars
Scientists have shown how gravitational waves -- invisible ripples in the fabric of space and time that propagate through the universe -- might be 'seen' by looking at the stars. The new model proposes that a star that oscillates at the same frequency as a gravitational wave will absorb energy from that wave and brighten, an overlooked prediction of Einstein's 1916 theory of general relativity. The study contradicts previous assumptions about the behavior of gravitational waves.
NASA, National Science Foundation, Borough of Manhattan Community College Faculty Development Grant, CUNY Chancellor's Research Fellowship, W.M. Keck Foundation

Contact: Kendra Snyder
ksnyder@amnh.org
212-496-3419
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 22-Sep-2014
Trends in Neurosciences
University of Chicago neuroscientists challenge long-held understanding of the sense of touch
Different types of nerves and skin receptors work in concert to produce sensations of touch, University of Chicago neuroscientists argue in a review article published Sept. 22, 2014, in the journal Trends in Neurosciences. Their assertion challenges a long-held principle in the field -- that separate groups of nerves and receptors are responsible for distinct components of touch, like texture or shape.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Wood
matthew.wood@uchospitals.edu
773-702-5894
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 22-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
University of Utah engineers unlock potential for faster computing
University of Utah engineers discovered a way to create a special material -- a metal layer on top of a silicon semiconductor -- that could lead to cost-effective, superfast computers that perform lightning-fast calculations but don't overheat. This new 'topological insulator' behaves like an insulator on the inside but conducts electricity on the outside and may pave the way for quantum computers and fast spintronic devices.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, University of Utah Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

Contact: Vince Horiuchi
vincent.horiuchi@utah.edu
801-585-7499
University of Utah

Public Release: 22-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study: Antifreeze proteins in Antarctic fishes prevent freezing ... and melting
Antarctic fishes that manufacture their own 'antifreeze' proteins to survive in the icy Southern Ocean also suffer an unfortunate side effect, researchers report: The protein-bound ice crystals that accumulate inside their bodies resist melting even when temperatures warm.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Showing releases 276-300 out of 851.

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