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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 276-300 out of 897.

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Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Big data project aims to make breathing easier by mapping air quality
Heavy city traffic contributes significantly to air pollution and health problems such as asthma, but University of Texas at Dallas researchers think another kind of traffic -- data traffic -- might help citizens better cope with pollution.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Leaf mysteries revealed through the computer's eye
A computer program that learns and can categorize leaves into large evolutionary categories such as plant families will lead to greatly improved fossil identification and a better understanding of flowering plant evolution, according to an international team of researchers.
The David and Lucile Packard Foundation, National Science Foundation Early Career Award, DARPA, Office of Naval Research, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Trust your aha! moments, experiments show they're probably right
A series of experiments showed that sudden insight may yield more correct solutions than using gradual, methodical thinking.
National Institutes of Health, The John Templeton Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Frank Otto
Drexel University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Ecology and Evolution
Even plant-supporting soil fungi affected by global warming, UCI study finds
On a cool, fog-shrouded mountain of Costa Rica, University of California, Irvine biologist Caitlin Looby is finding that warming temperatures are becoming an increasing problem for one of the most ecologically diverse places on Earth.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Education, US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Mechanism and Machine Theory
Surgical tools made smaller with origami to make surgery less invasive
BYU mechanical engineering professors Larry Howell and Spencer Magleby have made a name for themselves by applying the principles of origami to engineering. Now they're applying their origami skills to a new realm: the human body.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Todd Hollingshead
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scaling up tissue engineering
A team at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and the Harvard John A. Paulson School for Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) has invented a method for 3-D bioprinting thick vascularized tissue constructs composed of human stem cells, extracellular matrix, and circulatory channels lined with endothelial blood vessel cells. The resulting network of vasculature contained within these deep tissues enables fluids, nutrients and cell growth factors to be controllably perfused uniformly throughout the tissue.
National Science Foundation, Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University

Contact: Kat J. McAlpine
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Research awards seen as milestone for Clemson University engineering and science
The College of Engineering and Science announced Monday that Feng Ding, Rachel Getman and Brandon Ross have won prestigious awards from the National Science Foundation, while Joseph Scott and Yue 'Sophie' Wang have won top awards from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Paul Alongi
Clemson University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
New findings suggest severe tornado outbreaks are increasingly common
Tornado outbreaks, in which multiple tornadoes arise within a limited time, are incredibly damaging. New research suggests that the number of tornadoes per outbreak has increased over the past 60 years, and that the likelihood of future extreme events is growing.
US National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research award, National Oceanic and Atmoshperic Administration Climate Program Office's Modeling, Analysis, Predictions and Projections

Contact: Katherine Fenz
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms
New York harbor's oyster beds once protected against severe storm and extreme wave damage
A recent study of past disturbance of the oyster beds in New York Harbor led by geoscientist Jonathan Woodruff and his doctoral student Christine Brandon of the University of Massachusetts Amherst is the first to link Europeans' overharvesting and disturbance of the ancient shellfish beds to loss of natural coastal defenses against floods and storm waves.
Hudson River Foundation, National Science Foundation, Dalio Explore Fund, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, City University of New York's High Performance Computing Center

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Scientific Reports
Iowa State engineers develop flexible skin that traps radar waves, cloaks objects
Iowa State engineers have developed a 'meta-skin' that uses liquid-metal technology to trap radar waves and cloak objects from detection. By stretching the flexible meta-skin, the device can be tuned to reduce the reflection of a wide range of radar frequencies.
National Science Foundation, China Scholarship Council

Contact: Liang Dong
Iowa State University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Shipwrecks, tree rings reveal Caribbean hurricanes in buccaneer era
Records of Spanish shipwrecks combined with tree-ring records show the period 1645 to 1715 had the fewest Caribbean hurricanes since 1500, according to new University of Arizona-led research. The study is the first to use shipwrecks as a proxy for hurricane activity. The researchers found a 75 percent reduction in the number of Caribbean hurricanes from 1645-1715, a time that had little sunspot activity and cool temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere.
University of Southern Mississippi, National Science Foundation, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Agnese N. Haury Visiting Scholar Fellowship

Contact: Mari N. Jensen
University of Arizona

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Construction of Sacramento Kings arena using drone monitoring system developed at Illinois
A University of Illinois team has developed predictive visual data analytics tools, called 'Flying Superintendent' to automate and streamline today's time-consuming practices for construction progress monitoring. Their award-winning solution utilizes both images and videos taken with camera drones and four-dimensional Building Information Modeling to quickly identify and visually communicate the actual and potential performance problems during execution of construction projects via smartphones and tablets to project participants, on and off site.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Koon
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Cornell opens $25 million NSF platform for discovering new materials
Cornell University is leading an effort that will empower scientists, engineers and entrepreneurs throughout the nation to design and create new interface materials -- materials that do not exist in nature and possess unprecedented properties -- thanks to a $25 million grant from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
Cornell University

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
NSU researcher receives part of National Science Foundation grant to study deep-sea life
NSU researcher is part of a team that will study deep-sea life, and more specifically, bioluminescence.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joe Donzelli
Nova Southeastern University

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Stem Cell Reports
Scientists develop very early stage human embryonic stem cell lines for first time
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have for the first time shown that it is possible to derive from a human embryo so-called 'na´ve' pluripotent stem cells -- one of the most flexible types of stem cell, which can develop into all human tissue other than the placenta.
Medical Research Council, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Swiss National Science Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Craig Brierley
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
NSF funds national user facility for $17.8 million to develop 2-D crystals
The National Science Foundation announced today, March 4, the award of $17.8 million over 5 years to Penn State to fund one of only two Materials Innovation Platform national user facilities in the country. These MIP awards are the first of what will become a national infrastructure to support key scientific research areas.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Science Advances
Cosmochemists find evidence for unstable heavy element at solar system formation
University of Chicago scientists have discovered evidence in a meteorite that a rare element, curium, was present during the formation of the solar system. This finding ends a 35-year-old debate on the possible presence of curium in the early solar system, and plays a crucial role in reassessing models of stellar evolution and synthesis of elements in stars.áDetails of the discovery appear in the March 4 edition of Science Advances.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Koppes
University of Chicago

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
Study offers clearest picture yet of how HIV defeats a cellular defender
A new study offers the first atomic-scale view of an interaction between the HIV capsid -- the protein coat that shepherds HIV into the nucleus of human cells -- and a host protein known as cyclophilin A. This interaction is key to HIV infection, researchers say.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Israeli Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Science Advances
A proposed superconductivity theory receives exclusive experimental confirmation
Superconductivity is one of the most exciting problems in physics, which has resulted in investments worldwide of enormous brain power and resources since its discovery a little over a century ago. Scientists have proposed theories for new classes of superconducting materials discovered several decades later, followed by teams of experimentalists working to provide evidence for these theories. One theory proposed by a UC Riverside physicist has now been experimentally proven to be a consistent theory.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Winning the water war starts with winning the battle on data
'Smart' water meters won't help resource managers interpret usage data without new analysis tools and a dependable urban water cyberinfrastructure. Engineering researchers at Utah State University are leading new advancements in hydroinformatics and building the tools to collect, shrink and transform water data into useful information.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Horsburgh
Utah State University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
American Sociological Review
Accepting a job below one's skill level can adversely affect future employment prospects
Accepting a job below one's skill level can be severely penalizing when applying for future employment because of the perception that someone who does this is less committed or less competent, according to new research from a sociologist at The University of Texas at Austin.
National Science Foundation, Horowitz Foundation for Social Policy, Employment Instability, Family Well-Being, and Social Policy Network at the University of Chicago, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Princeton University

Contact: Rachel Griess
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Wayne State professor earns prestigious NSF CAREER Award
Chung-Tse Michael Wu of the Wayne State University College of Engineering has been awarded a National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Award, and aims to develop antennas made of novel transmission-line-based metamaterials that would enable a high-speed, microwave panoramic camera.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Quantum computer factors numbers, could be scaled up
Researchers from MIT and the University of Innsbruck report that they have designed and built a quantum computer from five atoms in an ion trap. The computer uses laser pulses to carry out Shor's algorithm on each atom, to correctly factor the number 15. The system is designed in such a way that more atoms and lasers can be added to build a bigger and faster quantum computer, able to factor much larger numbers.
Intelligence Advanced Research Project Activity, MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms, National Science Foundation Physics Frontier Center

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
How many types of neurons are there in the brain?
For decades, scientists have struggled to develop a comprehensive census of cell types in the brain. Now, researchers describe powerful new approaches to systematically identify individual classes of neurons in the spinal cord. In doing so, they reveal elements of the underlying circuit architecture through which these neurons shape movement -- and highlight how statistical approaches could provide neuroscientists with a critical tool to quantify the cellular diversity of any region of the brain.
NIH/National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes for Health, Department of Defense, Office of Naval Research, Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Brain Research Foundation

Contact: Anne Holden
The Zuckerman Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Super elastic electroluminescent 'skin' will soon create mood robots
A team of Cornell engineers have developed an electroluminescent 'skin' that stretches to more than six times its original size while still emitting light. The discovery could lead to significant advances in health care, transportation, electronic communication and other areas.
Army Research Office, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Daryl Lovell
Cornell University

Showing releases 276-300 out of 897.

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