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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 326-350 out of 851.

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Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
Judging a fish by its color: For female bluefin killifish, love is a yellow mate
Researchers used male replicas of bluefin killifish and controlled their movement with robotic arms to improve repeatability in experiments designed to determine how fertile female fish would respond to male courtship. The surprising result: The females preferred males with yellow fins, contrary to existing research that indicated a preference to blue and red.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering

Public Release: 16-Sep-2014
PLOS Biology
Meteorite that doomed dinosaurs remade forests
The impact decimated slow-growing evergreens and made way for fast-growing, deciduous plants, according to a study applying biomechanical analyses to fossilized leaves. The study provides much-needed evidence for how the extinction event unfolded in the plant communities at the time.
National Science Foundation, Geological Society of America

Contact: Daniel Stolte
University of Arizona

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
UT Arlington receives $800,000 NSF grant to better prepare new science, math teachers
A University of Texas Arlington education professor with a passion for supporting upcoming middle and high school science and mathematics teachers is getting major federal assistance for her efforts.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bridget Lewis
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Microbiome research shows each tree species has a unique bacterial identity
Each tree species has its own bacterial identity. That's the conclusion of University of Oregon researchers and colleagues from other institutions who studied the genetic fingerprints of bacteria on 57 species of trees growing on a Panamanian island.
Smithsonian Research Institute, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canada Research Chairs Program, National Science Foundation, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Mellon Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
University of Oregon

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Scientists discover RNA modifications in some unexpected places
Deploying sophisticated high-throughput sequencing technology, dubbed ψ-seq, a team of Whitehead Institute and Broad Institute researchers collaborated on a comprehensive, high-resolution mapping of ψ sites that confirms pseudouridylation, among the most common post-transcriptional modifications, does indeed occur naturally in mRNA.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Broad Institute Funds, Marie Curie IOF, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Fearer
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Grant to help commercialize silicon surgical blades
A UC Davis engineering professor has received a grant of $200,000 from the National Science Foundation 'Partnerships for Innovation: Accelerating Innovation Research-Technology Translation' program to move his silicon-based blades towards commercial development as surgical and shaving tools.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Early Earth less hellish than previously thought
Conditions on Earth during its first 500 million years may have been cool enough to form oceans of water instead of being too hot for life to form.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society, Keck Geology Consortium

Contact: David Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
'Nuclear disasters don't respect national boundaries'
A nuclear accident has no respect for lines drawn on a map. It becomes the world's problem. But for the most part, emphasis has been on prevention, not response. Until now.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jean Elliott
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Northeastern University researchers develop novel method for working with nanotubes
Northeastern University researchers have developed a novel method for controllably constructing precise inter-nanotube junctions and a variety of nanocarbon structures in carbon nanotube arrays. The researchers were able to tailor the physical properties of nanotube networks for use in applications from electronic devices to carbon nanotube-reinforced composite materials found in cars and sports equipment. The findings were published in a Nature Communications paper titled 'Sculpting carbon bonds for allotropic transformation through solid-state re-engineering of –sp2 carbon.'
National Science Foundation, The Republic of Korea Ministry of Industry

Contact: John O'Neill
Northeastern University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Social Science & Medicine
Long-term effects of childhood asthma influenced by socioeconomic status
Studies have shown that asthma is associated with attention and behavioral issues in children, yet little existing research examines how socioeconomic status may influence the ultimate effects of these difficulties. Now, a University of Missouri researcher has found that the overall outcomes for children with asthma are influenced by socioeconomic inequalities.
National Science Foundation, American Educational Research Association

Contact: Jesslyn Chew
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers control surface tension to manipulate liquid metals
Researchers have developed a technique for controlling the surface tension of liquid metals by applying very low voltages, opening the door to a new generation of reconfigurable electronic circuits, antennas and other technologies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Ecology and Society
Tigers, pandas and people a recipe for conservation insight
The first big revelation in conservation sciences was that studying the people on the scene as well as nature conservation was crucial. Now, as this science matures, researchers are showing that it's useful to compare apples and oranges. Or, more accurately, tigers and pandas. In this week's journal Ecology & Society, Michigan State University scientists show that useful insights and ways of scrutinizing wildlife and their habitat can be found in unlikely places.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Sue Nichols
Michigan State University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Gas leaks from faulty wells linked to contamination in some groundwater
A study has pinpointed the likely source of most natural gas contamination in drinking-water wells associated with hydraulic fracturing, and it's not the source many people may have feared.
National Science Foundation, Duke University

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Ohio State University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cancer and the immune system: A double-edged sword
During cancer development, tumor cells decorate their surfaces with sugar compounds called glycans that are different from those found on normal, healthy cells. Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report that sialic acids at the tips of these cancer cell glycans are capable of engaging with immune system cells and changing the latter's response to the tumor -- for good and bad.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Samuel and Ruth Engelberg Cancer Research Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Contaminated water in 2 states linked to faulty shale gas wells
Faulty well integrity, not hydraulic fracturing deep underground, is the primary cause of drinking water contamination from shale gas extraction in parts of Pennsylvania and Texas, according to a study by researchers from five universities. The study, which is the first to document methane contamination occurring in previously unaffected water wells, used both hydrocarbon and noble gas tracers to track the contamination back to leaks in gas well casings and cementing.
National Science Foundation, Duke University/Nicholas School of the Environment

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Public Release: 14-Sep-2014
Nature Materials
Study sheds new light on why batteries go bad
A comprehensive look at how tiny particles in a lithium ion battery electrode behave shows that rapid-charging the battery and using it to do high-power, rapidly draining work may not be as damaging as researchers had thought -- and that the benefits of slow draining and charging may have been overestimated. The results challenge the prevailing view that 'supercharging' batteries is always harder on battery electrodes than charging at slower rates.
Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Stanford University, the Samsung-MIT Program for Materials Design in Energy Applications, U.S. Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrew Gordon
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Public Release: 14-Sep-2014
Nature Biotechnology
Measuring modified protein structures
ETH-Zurich researchers have developed a new approach to measure proteins with structures that change. This could enable new diagnostic tools for the early recognition of neurodegenerative diseases to be developed.
Swiss National Science Foundation, EU Seventh Framework Program Reintegration, Promedica Stiftung

Contact: Paola Picotti
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 12-Sep-2014
Project prepares collection for 21st-century challenge of invasive species
At the Wisconsin State Herbarium, director Kenneth Cameron is spearheading a new, three-year project to 'digitize' images and data on aquatic and wetland plants, mollusks and fish from the Great Lakes basin. The $2.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation will also be disbursed to natural history museums at other UW campuses, and in every other Great Lakes state. Together, these institutions expect to digitize 1.73 million specimens related to Great Lakes invasives.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kenneth Cameron
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 12-Sep-2014
NJIT computer scientists win a major grant to network mobile devices in the cloud
A team of computer scientists at New Jersey Institute of Technology has won a multi-year grant from the National Science Foundation to come up with a platform that would allow mobile devices to interact with each other with help from the cloud. The technology they are developing is designed to support collaborative applications in areas such as healthcare, safety, and social interaction, potentially benefiting millions of users.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tanya Klein
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Sep-2014
Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
Getting hot and wet in Vermont
A fundamental challenge of climate change forecasting is how to bridge the gap between global-scale models and local impacts. A new study -- the first-of-its kind for the Lake Champlain region -- bridges this gap and forecasts that northern Vermont and southern Quebec by 2100 will get eight degrees Fahrenheit hotter; Burlington, Vt., will experience 10 more days in July above 90; and ski resorts will see 50 percent less snowfall.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Brown
University of Vermont

Public Release: 12-Sep-2014
PLOS Genetics
Corn spots: Study finds important genes in defense response
What gives corn its spots? NC State researchers scour corn genome to find candidate genes that control an important defense response.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: Dr. Peter Balint-Kurti
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Annual Review of Environment and Resources
Stanford-led study assesses the environmental costs and benefits of fracking
Rising supplies of natural gas could benefit the environment by replacing coal as a fuel for electricity, but hydraulic fracturing poses dangers for people living near the wells, a new analysis finds. We can do better, the authors say.
National Science Foundation, Duke University, DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Contact: Mark Golden
Stanford University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Southern Ocean's role in climate regulation, goal of $21 million federal grant
Researchers for the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science are part of a $21 million collaborative research program led by Princeton University to create a biogeochemical and physical portrait of the Southern Ocean using hundreds of robotic floats deployed around Antarctica and an expanded computational capacity.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NASA

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Ecological Applications
Volunteer 'eyes on the skies' track peregrine falcon recovery in California
Datasets from long-running volunteer survey programs, calibrated with data from sporadic intensive monitoring efforts, have allowed ecologists to track the recovery of peregrine falcons in California and evaluate the effectiveness of a predictive model popular in the management of threatened species
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alison Mize
202-833-8773 x205
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
NSF funds new method for making materials that can make lighter, more efficient vehicles
Diana Lados, associate professor of mechanical engineering at Worcester Polytechnic Institute and founding director of the university's Integrative Materials Design Center, has received a three-year, $424,000 award from the National Science Foundation to support the development of a new way to manufacture metal-ceramic composites, which can be used to make vehicles lighter and more energy efficient, while significantly increasing their performance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Dorsey
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Showing releases 326-350 out of 851.

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