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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 326-350 out of 818.

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Public Release: 20-Mar-2015
Natural Hazards
Levee detonations reduced 2011 flood risk on Mississippi River, UCI-led study finds
A controversial decision in 2011 to blow up Mississippi River levees reduced the risk of flooding in a city upstream, lowering the height of the rain-swollen river just before it reached its peak, according to a newly published computer modeling analysis led by UC Irvine scientists.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pat Brennan
hbrennan@uci.edu
949-824-8249
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 20-Mar-2015
eLife
Squid enrich their DNA 'blueprint' through prolific RNA editing
RNA editing of genomic information was thought to be sparingly used, based on a limited number of studies in mammals and flies. But recently, MBL Whitman Investigator Joshua Rosenthal and colleagues discovered the most prolific usage yet of RNA editing in the common squid, Doryteuthis pealeii, a behaviorally sophisticated marine organism that has long been prized for studies of the nervous system.
European Research Council, Israel Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Marine Biological Laboratory, and others

Contact: Diana Kenney
dkenney@mbl.edu
508-289-7139
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 20-Mar-2015
HAWC Observatory to study universe's most energetic phenomena
The High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-Ray Observatory is the newest tool available to visualize the universe's most explosive events and learn more about the nature of high-energy radiation. Construction is now complete on HAWC's 300th and final detector tank, and the observatory will soon begin collecting data at full capacity. This milestone will be marked with an inaugural event at the observatory on March 19-20, 2015.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACyT), Mexico

Contact: Matthew Wright
mewright@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 20-Mar-2015
Science Advances
Shrinking habitats have adverse effects on world ecosystems
An extensive study of global habitat fragmentation -- the division of habitats into smaller and more isolated patches -- points to major trouble for a number of the world's ecosystems and the plants and animals living in them.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nick Haddad
nick_haddad@ncsu.edu
919-515-4588
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
Sharper nanoscopy
The advent of super-resolved microscopy with visible light won this year's chemistry Nobel. JQI scientists have discovered how to make nanoscale images even sharper.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation, Physics Frontier Center at the Joint Quantum Institute

Contact: Phillip F. Schewe
pschewe@umd.edu
301-405-0989
Joint Quantum Institute

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Advanced Materials
NC State researchers create 'nanofiber gusher'
Researchers at North Carolina State University and one of its start-up companies report a method that can produce unprecedented amounts of polymer nanofibers in liquid, which have potential applications in filtration, batteries and cell scaffolding.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dr. Orlin Velev
odvelev@ncsu.edu
919-513-4318
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Cell Stem Cell
UCSF team finds key to making neurons from stem cells
A research team at UC San Francisco has discovered an RNA molecule called Pnky that can be manipulated to increase the production of neurons from neural stem cells.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs, National Science Foundation, UCSF, San Francisco State University, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Laura Kurtzman
laura.kurtzman@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Science
Even at a molecular level, taking it slow helps us cope with stress
UC Berkeley scientists have identified a new molecular pathway critical to aging. They found that by slowing down the activity of mitochondria in the blood stem cells of mice, they could enhance the cells' capacity to handle stress and rejuvenate old blood.
National Institutes of Health, Ellison Medical Foundation, Glenn Foundation, National Science Foundation, Siebel Stem Cell Institute

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Science
World Heritage Sites risk collapse without stronger local management
Without better local management, the world's most iconic ecosystems are at risk of collapse under climate change, say researchers in Science. Protecting places of global environmental importance such as the Great Barrier Reef and the Amazon rainforest from climate change will require reducing the other pressures they face, for example overfishing, fertilizer pollution or land clearing.
European Research Council, Spinoza, Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study, National Science Foundation, WIMEK, Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek, South American Institute for Resilience and Sustainability Studies

Contact: Marten Scheffer
marten.scheffer@wur.nl
31-641-804-880
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Current Biology
Our eyes multi-task even when we don't want them to, researchers find
Our eyes are drawn to several dimensions of an object -- such as color, texture, and luminance -- even when we need to focus on only one of them, researchers at NYU and the University of Pennsylvania have found.
National Institutes of Health, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
PLOS ONE
Robot model for infant learning shows bodily posture may affect memory and learning
Through observing the behavior of infants and robots, an Indiana University cognitive scientist and collaborators have found that posture is critical in the early stages of acquiring new knowledge.
European Union, Poeticon++, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
317-278-0088
Indiana University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
NSF grant will support Rocky Mountains research, expose minority teens to geosciences
Majie Fan, UT Arlington assistant professor of earth and environmental sciences, will use a $485,627 National Science Foundation grant to research the Rocky Mountains and to expose underrepresented youth to the geosciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bridget Lewis
blewis@uta.edu
817-272-3317
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
Interface
New research suggests insect wings might serve gyroscopic function
Gyroscopes are rarely found in nature. But University of Washington researchers have discovered that insect wings may act as gyroscopes, helping insects perform aerial acrobatics and maintain stability and direction.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Joan and Richard Komen Endowed Chair, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Deborah Bach
bach2@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
Chemistry of Materials
An improved method for coating gold nanorods
Researchers have fine-tuned a technique for coating gold nanorods with silica shells, allowing engineers to create large quantities of the nanorods and giving them more control over the thickness of the shell. Gold nanorods are being investigated for use in a wide variety of biomedical applications, and this advance paves the way for more stable gold nanorods and for chemically functionalizing the surface of the shells.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
MSU leads $7 million effort to improve science teaching
A Michigan State University professor created a successful model for teaching middle- and high-school students about carbon cycling, the primary driver of climate change. Now, Charles W. 'Andy' Anderson and partners are using a nearly $7 million grant from the National Science Foundation to help America's teachers put the program into action.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Press Office
henion@msu.edu
517-355-3294
Michigan State University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
Caltech scientists develop cool process to make better graphene
A new technique invented at Caltech to produce graphene -- a material made up of an atom-thick layer of carbon -- at room temperature could help pave the way for commercially feasible graphene-based solar cells and light-emitting diodes, large-panel displays, and flexible electronics.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Kavli Foundation, Taiwanese National Science Council

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
debwms@caltech.edu
626-395-3227
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
Nature
How planthoppers got their wings
Each year, rice faces a big threat from a sesame seed-sized insect called the brown planthopper. Now, a study in the journal Nature reveals the molecular switch that enables some planthoppers to develop short wings and others long based on environmental conditions such as day length and temperature -- a major factor in their ability to invade new rice fields.
National Science Foundation of China, National Basic Research Program of China

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Beetles beat out extinction
A new study combs through fossil records to arrive at a unique new perspective: The rich diversity of beetles results more from low extinction rates rather than high origination rates. Through these fossils, researchers could plot the population fluxes of beetles as far back as their origins in the Premian period 284 million years ago.
National Science Foundation, National Evolutionary Synthesis Center

Contact: Nicole Duncan
pnicole.duncan@gmail.com
919-606-6650
National Evolutionary Synthesis Center (NESCent)

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
Nature
Protein sequencing solves Darwinian mystery of 'strange' South American mammals
Scientists have resolved pieces of a nearly 200-year-old evolutionary puzzle surrounding the group of mammals that Charles Darwin called the 'strangest animals ever discovered.' New research shows that South America's 'native ungulates' are related to mammals like horses rather than elephants and other species with ancient evolutionary ties to Africa. The findings are based on protein sequences, which allow researchers to peek back in time up to 10 times farther than they can with DNA.
National Science Foundation, Systematics and Taxonomy Research Scheme (SynTax), Systematics Association, Linnean Society, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Natural Environment Research Council

Contact: Kendra Snyder
ksnyder@amnh.org
212-496-3419
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 17-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Plants' defensive responses have downstream effects on nearby ecosystems
Chemical changes that occur in tree leaves after being attacked by insects and mammals can impact nearby streams, which rely on fallen plant material as a food source, report scientists from the University of Chicago Department of Ecology and Evolution. The study, published March 17 in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B, shows how interactions between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems are an essential part of understanding ecological responses to climate change.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Education, University of Chicago Hinds Fund, Olympic National Resources

Contact: Matt Wood
matthew.wood@uchospitals.edu
773-702-5894
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 17-Mar-2015
Genome Research
Cultivated papaya owes a lot to the ancient Maya, research suggests
A genetic study of papaya sex chromosomes reveals that the hermaphrodite version of the plant, which is of most use to growers, arose as a result of human selection, most likely by the ancient Maya some 4,000 years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 17-Mar-2015
18th ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing (CSCW 2015)
Teens' approach to social media risk is different from adults'
For every parent who ever wondered what the heck their teens were thinking when they posted risky information or pictures on social media, a team of Penn State researchers suggests that they were not really thinking at all, or at least were not thinking like most adults do.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 17-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
New anti-inflammatory molecule could halt MS progression
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute scientists have developed a new drug-like molecule that can halt inflammation and has shown promise in preventing the progression of multiple sclerosis. Dr. Ueli Nachbur, associate professor John Silke, associate professor Guillaume Lessene, professor Andrew Lew and colleagues developed the molecule inhibit a key signal that triggers inflammation.
Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, Swiss National Science Foundation, Australian Research Council, Victorian Government

Contact: Liz Williams
williams@wehi.edu.au
61-393-452-928
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute

Public Release: 17-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
'Smart bandage' detects bed sores before they are visible to doctors
UC Berkeley researchers have created a new 'smart bandage' that uses electrical currents to detect early tissue damage from pressure ulcers, or bedsores, before they can be seen by human eyes -- and while recovery is still possible.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
Supercomputers help solve puzzle-like bond for biofuels
Dr. Klaus Schulten and team discover one of life's strongest bonds with the help of supercomputers. The research discovery could boost efforts to develop catalysts for biofuel production from non-food waste plants. The bond holds together the proteins Dockerin and Cohesin in a way similar to the Chinese Finger Trap puzzle, tightening under stress.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Faith Singer
faith@tacc.utexas.edu
512-232-5771
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Showing releases 326-350 out of 818.

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