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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 326-350 out of 838.

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Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Rice University computer scientists receive NSF grant to develop cloud-computing tools
A National Science Foundation grant of $1.2 million funds the development of new cloud computing resources by computer scientists at Rice University.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Journal of Family Psychology
Expectant parents' play with doll predicts later parenting behavior
Having expectant parents role-play interacting with an infant using a doll can help predict which couples may be headed for co-parenting conflicts when their baby arrives.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan
schoppe-sullivan.1@osu.edu
614-688-3437
Ohio State University

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Psychological Science
Anticipating experience-based purchases more enjoyable than material ones
To get the most enjoyment out of our dollar, science tells us to focus our discretionary spending on trips over TVs, on concerts over clothing, since experiences tend to bring more enduring pleasure than do material goods. New research shows that the enjoyment we derive from experiential purchases may begin before we even buy. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
National Science Foundation, John Templeton Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Robotics: Science and Systems Conference
'Robo Brain' will teach robots everything from the Internet
Robo Brain -- a large-scale computational system that learns from publicly available Internet resources -- is currently downloading and processing about 1 billion images, 120,000 YouTube videos, and 100 million how-to documents and appliance manuals. The information is being translated and stored in a robot-friendly format that robots will be able to draw on when they need it.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, Army Research Office, Google, Microsoft, Qualcomm, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Robotics Initiative

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
vpk6@cornell.edu
607-255-7701
Cornell University

Public Release: 25-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A long childhood feeds the hungry human brain
A study helps to solve the long-standing mystery of why human children grow so slowly compared with our closest animal relatives.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Erin White
ewhite@northwestern.edu
847-491-4888
Northwestern University

Public Release: 24-Aug-2014
Nature Geoscience
'Just right' plant growth may make river deltas resilient
Research by Indiana University geologists suggests that an intermediate amount of vegetation -- not too little and not too much -- is most effective at stabilizing freshwater river deltas.
National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

Contact: Steve Hinnefeld
slhinnef@iu.edu
812-856-3488
Indiana University

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
UW-Madison chosen for federally funded cloud computing research
Cloud computing, which allows users of technology to tap into remote, shared infrastructure and services, is a major facet of today's world. The University of Wisconsin-Madison has been chosen to be part of a National Science Foundation-funded project called CloudLab -- a joint effort of university and industry teams for the development of cloud infrastructure and fostering the high-level research that it supports.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer A. Smith
jensmith@cs.wisc.edu
608-262-0620
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Advanced Materials
ORNL scientists uncover clues to role of magnetism in iron-based superconductors
New measurements of atomic-scale magnetic behavior in iron-based superconductors are challenging conventional wisdom about superconductivity and magnetism.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Morgan McCorkle
mccorkleml@ornl.gov
865-574-7308
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Biomedical Optics Express
Laser device may end pin pricks, improve quality of life for diabetics
Princeton University researchers have developed a way to use a laser to measure people's blood sugar, and, with more work to shrink the laser system to a portable size, the technique could allow diabetics to check their condition without pricking themselves to draw blood.
Wendy and Eric Schmidt Foundation, National Science Foundation, Daylight Solutions Inc., Opto-Knowledge Systems

Contact: John Sullivan
js29@princeton.edu
609-258-4597
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
University of Houston receives $3.3 million grant to promote women in STEM fields
The University of Houston has received a $3.3 million grant from the National Science Foundation to increase the number of women faculty in science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields, as well as to ensure they have opportunities to move into leadership roles.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
jekever@uh.edu
713-743-0778
University of Houston

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Nature
800 meters beneath Antarctic ice sheet, subglacial lake holds viable microbial ecosystems
According to LSU's Brent Christner, the paper's lead author and a researcher with the NSF-funded Whillans Ice Stream Subglacial Access Research Drilling, or WISSARD, project, 'hidden beneath a half-mile of ice in Antarctica is an unexplored part of our biosphere. WISSARD has provided a glimpse of the nature of microbial life that may lurk under more than five million square miles of ice sheet.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dawn Jenkins
djenkins1@lsu.edu
225-578-2935
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Macromolecular Theory and Simulations
Researchers develop models to study polyelectrolytes, including DNA and RNA
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a novel and versatile modeling strategy to simulate polyelectrolyte systems. The model has applications for creating new materials as well as for studying polyelectrolytes, including DNA and RNA.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Science
Hot-spring bacteria reveal ability to use far-red light for photosynthesis
Bacteria growing in near darkness use a previously unknown process for harvesting energy and producing oxygen from sunlight, a research team led by a Penn State University scientist has discovered. The discovery lays the foundation for further research aimed at improving plant growth, harvesting energy from the sun, and understanding dense blooms like those now occurring on Lake Erie and other lakes worldwide.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
science@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Science
Sunlight, not microbes, key to CO2 in Arctic
The vast reservoir of carbon stored in Arctic permafrost is gradually being converted to carbon dioxide after entering the freshwater system in a process thought to be controlled largely by microbial activity. However, researchers say that sunlight and not bacteria is the key to triggering the production of CO2 from material released by Arctic soils.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Byron Crump
bcrump@coas.oregonstate.edu
541-737-4369
Oregon State University

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Science
Researchers map quantum vortices inside superfluid helium nanodroplets
Scientists have, for the first time, characterized so-called quantum vortices that swirl within tiny droplets of liquid helium. The research, led by scientists at the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory , the University of Southern California, and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, confirms that helium nanodroplets are in fact the smallest possible superfluidic objects and opens new avenues to study quantum rotation.
National Science Foundation, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences Division

Contact: Kate Greene
kgreene@lbl.gov
510-486-4404
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Current Biology
Alternate mechanism of species formation picks up support, thanks to a South American ant
A newly discovered species of ant supports a controversial theory of species formation.
National Science Foundation. Smithsonian Scholarly Studies Program, Smithsonian Restricted Endowments Fund

Contact: Peter Iglinski
peter.iglinski@rochester.edu
585-273-4726
University of Rochester

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Science
New properties of rotating superfluids discovered in helium nanodroplets
Scientists explore the strange properties of 'superfluids' -- a new state of matter.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Max Planck Society

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
PLOS Pathogens
From dandruff to deep sea vents, an ecologically hyper-diverse fungus
A ubiquitous skin fungus linked to dandruff, eczema and other itchy, flaky maladies in humans has now been tracked to even further global reaches -- including Hawaiian coral reefs and the extreme environments of arctic soils and deep sea vents.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Talia Ogliore
togliore@hawaii.edu
808-956-4531
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Science
How hummingbirds evolved to detect sweetness
Hummingbirds' ability to detect sweetness evolved from an ancestral savory taste receptor that is mostly tuned to flavors in amino acids.
National Science Foundation, Fulbright Commission and Science Foundation Ireland Research Frontiers Program, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Science
Cause of global warming hiatus found deep in the Atlantic Ocean
Observations shows that the heat absent from the Earth's surface for more than a decade is plunging deep in the north and south Atlantic Ocean, and is part of a naturally occurring cycle.
National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Science
Sunlight controls the fate of carbon released from thawing Arctic permafrost
Just how much Arctic permafrost will thaw in the future and how fast heat-trapping carbon dioxide will be released from those warming soils is a topic of lively debate among climate scientists.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bernie DeGroat
bernied@umich.edu
734-647-1847
University of Michigan

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Science
Marine protected areas might not be enough to help overfished reefs recover
Pacific corals and fish can both smell a bad neighborhood, and use that ability to avoid settling in damaged reefs.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Brett Israel
brett.israel@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-1933
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 21-Aug-2014
Science
JILA team finds first direct evidence of 'spin symmetry' in atoms
Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics physicists led by theorist Ana Maria Rey and experimentalist Jun Ye have observed the first direct evidence of symmetry in the magnetic properties -- or nuclear 'spins' -- of atoms. The advance could spin off practical benefits such as the ability to simulate and better understand exotic materials such as superconductors.
National Institute of Standards and Technology, National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Laura Ost
laura.ost@nist.gov
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
High school students discover stars at SMU research program
Two Dallas high school students discovered five stars as members of a Southern Methodist University summer physics research program, QuarkNet, which enabled them to analyze data gleaned from a high-powered telescope in Los Alamos, N.M. Their discoveries have been accepted into the American Association of Variable Star Observers International Variable Star Index. QuarkNet is a physics teacher development program funded by the National Science Foundation and the US Department of Energy.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, CERN, Fermilab

Contact: Nancy George
ngeorge@smu.edu
214-768-7674
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Annual Meeting of the American Bar Association
Many solve civil justice problems on their own, rarely involving attorneys, says study
Many of life's problems are also civil legal problems, but people don't see them that way. As a result, they often deal with them on their own, and rarely involve lawyers or courts, or even other third parties -- and it's rarely because of cost. Those were among the findings in a recent report by Rebecca Sandefur, a University of Illinois professor of sociology and of law, based on an extensive survey in a Midwestern city.
American Bar Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Craig Chamberlain
cdchambe@illinois.edu
217-333-2894
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Showing releases 326-350 out of 838.

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