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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 326-350 out of 900.

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Public Release: 23-Mar-2016
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
New research shows quasars slowed star formation
Research led by Johns Hopkins University scientists has found new persuasive evidence that could help solve a longstanding mystery in astrophysics: why did the pace of star formation in the universe slow down some 11 billion years ago?
National Science Foundation

Contact: Arthur Hirsch
ahirsch6@jhu.edu
443-997-9909
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 23-Mar-2016
Environmental Science & Technology
Protecting coral reefs with bubbles
Bubbles -- yes, bubbles -- could help protect coral reefs, oyster farms, and other coastal ecosystems from increasing ocean acidification, according to new research by Stanford scientists.
National Science Foundation, McGee research grant from the Stanford School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences

Contact: Ker Than
kerthan@stanford.edu
650-723-9820
Stanford's School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 23-Mar-2016
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
A new way to determine the age of stars?
Researchers have developed a new conceptual framework for understanding how stars similar to our Sun evolve. Their framework helps explain how the rotation of stars, their emission of x-rays, and the intensity of their stellar winds vary with time. According to first author Eric Blackman, professor of physics and astronomy at the University of Rochester, the work could also 'ultimately help to determine the age of stars more precisely than is currently possible.'
National Science Foundation, Simons Foundation, NASA, IBM

Contact: Leonor Sierra
lsierra@ur.rochester.edu
585-276-6264
University of Rochester

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
DNA molecules directly interact with each other based on sequence, study finds
Proteins play a large role in DNA regulation, but a new study finds that DNA molecules directly interact with one another in a way that's dependent on the sequence of the DNA and epigenetic factors. This could have implications for how DNA is organized in the cell and even how genes are regulated in different cell types, the researchers say.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
eahlberg@illinois.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
UMass Amherst astronomers report most 'outrageously' luminous galaxies ever observed
Astronomers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst report that they have observed the most luminous galaxies ever seen in the Universe, objects so bright that established descriptors such as 'ultra-' and 'hyper-luminous' used to describe previously brightest known galaxies don't even come close. Lead author and undergraduate Kevin Harrington says, 'We've taken to calling them 'outrageously luminous' among ourselves, because there is no scientific term to apply.'
National Science Foundation, UMass Amherst Commonwealth Honors College Research Fellowship and Honors Grants, William Bannick Student Travel Grant

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
American Museum Novitates
Discovery of extinct bat doubles diversity of native Hawaiian land mammals
The Hawaiian Islands have long been thought to support just one endemic land mammal in the archipelago's brief geologic history, the Hawaiian hoary bat. But new fossil evidence indicates that a second, very different species of bat lived alongside the hoary bat for thousands of years before going extinct shortly after humans arrived on the islands. The research describes the mysterious bat, whose remains were first discovered in a lava tube more than 30 years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kendra Snyder
ksnyder@amnh.org
212-496-3419
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
'Watchdog' for greenhouse gas emissions
Mistakes can happen when estimating emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane. Researchers from Empa, the University of Berne and ETH Zurich funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation have developed a method to independently validate national statistics.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Dr. Dominik Brunner
dominik.brunner@empa.ch
41-587-654-944
Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA)

Public Release: 22-Mar-2016
eLife
Scientists reveal how animals find their way 'in the dark'
Scientists have revealed the brain activity in animals that helps them find food and other vital resources in unfamiliar environments where there are no cues, such as lights and sounds, to guide them.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Marie Curie Fellowship, National Science Foundation (NSF)

Contact: Emily Packer
e.packer@elifesciences.org
eLife

Public Release: 21-Mar-2016
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Record-breaking ultraviolet winds discovered near black hole
The fastest winds at ultraviolet wavelengths have been discovered near a supermassive black hole. The winds have speeds of more than 200 million miles an hour, equivalent to a category 77 hurricane. The research team's discovery of the fastest ultraviolet winds ever confirmed from a quasar -- the disk of hot gas that surrounds the black hole -- is published in the 21 March 2016 print issue of the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, National Science Foundation of the United States, Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
science@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 21-Mar-2016
RIT/NTID researchers receive $450,000 grant for longitudinal study of vision in deaf children
Matthew Dye and Peter Hauser of Rochester Institute of Technology's National Technical Institute for the Deaf received a National Science Foundation grant to study how hearing levels and early-language experience influence deaf children's vision.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Vienna McGrain
vnccom@rit.edu
585-475-4952
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 21-Mar-2016
Journal of Ethnobiology
Production of butter from shea trees in West Africa pushed back 1,000 years
University of Oregon anthropologists have pushed back the history of harvesting shea trees in West Africa by more than 1,000 years earlier than previously believed. Oil from the trees' nuts is used for cooking by local populations and exported for use such things as skin moisturizers and soap.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 21-Mar-2016
Nature Chemical Biology
Survival of the hardest working
An engineering team at Washington University in St. Louis developed a cellular kill switch, a sensor that rewards hard working cells and eliminates their lazy counterparts. The high-tech engineering fix could help improve production of biofuels and pharmaceuticals.
Washington University in St. Louis, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation, Human Frontier Science Program, Washington University International Center for Advanced Renewable Energy and Sustainability

Contact: Erika Ebsworth-Goold
eebsworth-goold@wustl.edu
314-935-2914
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 21-Mar-2016
Advanced Materials
Video: Morphing metal shapes future of soft robotics
Cornell University engineering professor Rob Shepherd and his group have created a hybrid material featuring stiff metal and soft, porous rubber foam that combines the best properties of both -- stiffness when it's called for, and elasticity when a change of shape is required. The material also has the ability to self-heal following damage.
US Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

Contact: Daryl Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 21-Mar-2016
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
York University astrophysicists detect ultra-fast winds near supermassive black hole
Researchers have found the fastest winds ever seen at ultraviolet wavelengths near a supermassive black hole. Some are reaching as fast as 200 million kilometers, equivalent to a category 77 hurricane, says Jesse Rogerson of Toronto's York University who led the research. And there may be even faster quasar winds. As matter spirals toward a black hole, some is blown away. These are the winds that we are detecting, says York U Professor Patrick Hall.
National Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Government of Ontario, Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sandra McLean
sandramc@yorku.ca
416-736-2100 x22097
York University

Public Release: 21-Mar-2016
Developmental Cell
Technicolor zebrafish reveal how skin heals
Every cell on the surface of a transgenic 'Skinbow' zebrafish is genetically programmed to glow with a slightly different hue. But this fish wasn't bred to brighten up an aquarium; the colors effectively stamp each cell with a permanent barcode, letting scientists track its movements in a live animal for weeks at a time. The system is a powerful new tool for visualizing how hundreds of individual cells work together to regenerate skin tissue.
National Institutes of Health, Finalized Research and Founding for Investments in Basic Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kara Manke
kara.manke@duke.edu
919-681-8064
Duke University

Public Release: 21-Mar-2016
Nature Geoscience
Human carbon release rate is unprecedented in the past 66 million years of Earth's history
New research published today in Nature Geoscience by Richard Zeebe, professor at the University of Hawai'i - Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST), and colleagues looks at changes of Earth's temperature and atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) since the end of the age of the dinosaurs. Their findings suggest humans are releasing carbon about 10 times faster than during any event in the past 66 million years.
National Science Foundation and European Union

Contact: Richard Zeebe
zeebe@soest.hawaii.edu
808-956-6473
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 21-Mar-2016
Nature Materials
A new model for how twisted bundles take shape
In the current issue of Nature Materials, polymer scientists at the UMass Amherst and Virginia Tech identify for the first time the factors that govern the final morphology of self-assembling chiral filament bundles. They also report experimental results supporting their new model.
National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 18-Mar-2016
Scientists receive grant to sequence Cowpea genome
A team of University of California, Riverside scientists has received a nearly $1.6 million grant from the National Science Foundation to sequence the genome of the cowpea and further their research developing superior cowpea breeding lines.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-1287
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 18-Mar-2016
Scientific Reports
Stanford scientists develop new technique for imaging cells and tissues under the skin
A team of Stanford Bio-X scientists developed the first technique for viewing cells and tissues in three dimensions under the skin. The work could improve diagnosis and treatment for some forms of cancer and blindness.
US Air Force, NIH/Directors Office, National Science Foundation, Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation, Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation, Mary Kay Foundation, Donald E. and Delia B. Baxter Foundation

Contact: Amy Adams
amyadams@stanford.edu
650-796-3695
Stanford University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
Study sheds light on patterns behind brain, heart systems; circadian rhythms
A Washington University in St. Louis engineer has found a new way to control chemical oscillation that could help regulate biorhythms involving the heart, brain and circadian cycles.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Erika Ebsworth-Goold
eebsworth-goold@wustl.edu
314-935-2914
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 18-Mar-2016
Science Advances
China's forest recovery shows hope for mitigating global climate change
China's sweeping program to restore forests across the country is working. The vast destruction of China's forests, leveled after decades of logging, floods and conversion to farmland, has become a story of recovery, according to the first independent verification published in today's Science Advances by Michigan State University researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sue Nichols
nichols@msu.edu
517-432-0206
Michigan State University

Public Release: 17-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Galapagos lakes reveal tropical Pacific climate since Biblical times
Sediments track 2,000 years of El Niņo and tropical rain band history, showing the strength can vary over centuries.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 17-Mar-2016
Wrangler Supercomputer speeds through big data
A new kind of supercomputer called Wrangler is helping researchers speed through the bumpy terrain of big data and reach new discoveries, according to a special report at the Texas Advanced Computing Center. NSF-funded Wrangler is designed to be more user-friendly with a web-driven approach to high performance computing, including data analytics. The biologists, anthropologists, energy-efficiency experts, and astronomers profiled represent just a slice of the diverse community Wrangler supports.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Faith Singer-Villalobos
faith@tacc.utexas.edu
512-232-5771
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 17-Mar-2016
Genetics
Researchers generate whole-genome map of fruit fly genetic recombination
For the first time, researchers at the Stowers Institute have mapped where recombination occurs across the whole genome of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster after a single round of meiosis.
Stowers Institute for Medical Research, American Cancer Society, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kim Bland
ksb@stowers.org
816-926-4015
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Public Release: 17-Mar-2016
Astrophysical Journal Letters
VLA shows earliest stages of planet formation
VLA reveals details of the inner, thickest portion of a dusty disk surrounding a young star and provides new insight on the earliest stages of planet formation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
dfinley@nrao.edu
575-835-7302
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Showing releases 326-350 out of 900.

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