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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 351-375 out of 959.

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Public Release: 16-May-2016
World's richest source of oceanographic data now operational at Rutgers
The data center for the pioneering Ocean Observatories Initiative, which collects and shares data from more than 800 sophisticated instruments and a transmission network across the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, is now operating at Rutgers University.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ed Tate
edward.tate@rutgers.edu
848-445-3153
Rutgers University

Public Release: 16-May-2016
American Chemical Society CERM 2016 47th Central Regional Meeting
UC geologists identify sources of methane, greenhouse gas, in Ohio, Colorado and Texas
Methane comes from various sources, like landfills, bacterial processes in water, cattle and fracking. In testing methane sources at three national sites, University of Cincinnati geologists found no evidence fracking affected methane concentrations in groundwater in Ohio. At sites in Colorado and Texas, methane sources were founded to be mixed, divided between fracking, cattle and/or landfills.
National Science Foundation, Deer Creek Foundation, David and Sara Weston Foundation, Environmental Defense Fund, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment

Contact: M.B. Reilly
reillymb@ucmail.uc.edu
513-556-1824
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 16-May-2016
IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
Robot's in-hand eye maps surroundings, determines hand's location
Before a robot arm can reach into a tight space or pick up a delicate object, the robot needs to know precisely where its hand is. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute have shown that a camera attached to the robot's hand can rapidly create a 3-D model of its environment and also locate the hand within that 3-D world.
Toyota USA, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 16-May-2016
Nature Geoscience
Polluted dust can impact ocean life thousands of miles away, study says
As climatologists closely monitor the impact of human activity on the world's oceans, researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have found yet another worrying trend impacting the health of the Pacific Ocean.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-May-2016
Nature Genetics
New stem cell pathway indicates route to much higher yields in maize, staple crops
Biologists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) have made an important discovery that helps explain how plants regulate the proliferation of their stem cells. The discovery has near-term implications for increasing the yield of maize and many other staple crops, perhaps by as much as 50 percent.
NSF/Plant Genome Research Program, Dupont Pioneer, Gatsby Charitable Foundation, Swedish Research Council, Rural Development Administration, Republic of Korea

Contact: Peter Tarr
tarr@cshl.edu
516-367-5055
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 13-May-2016
Advanced Materials
Under Pressure: New technique could make large, flexible solar panels more feasible
A new, high-pressure technique may allow the production of huge sheets of thin-film silicon semiconductors at low temperatures in simple reactors at a fraction of the size and cost of current technology. 'By putting the process under high pressure, our new technique could make it less expensive and easier to create the large, flexible semiconductors that are used in flat-panel monitors and solar cells,' said research leader John Badding at Penn State University.
National Science Foundation, Penn State Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
science@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 13-May-2016
2D Materials
This 'nanocavity' may improve ultrathin solar panels, video cameras and more
Recently, engineers placed a single layer of MoS2 molecules on top of a photonic structure called an optical nanocavity made of aluminum oxide and aluminum. The results are promising. The MoS2 nanocavity can increase the amount of light that ultrathin semiconducting materials absorb. In turn, this could help industry to continue manufacturing more powerful, efficient and flexible electronic devices.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, US Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
716-645-4614
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 13-May-2016
Science Advances
UW researchers unleash graphene 'tiger' for more efficient optoelectronics
In traditional light-harvesting methods, energy from one photon only excites one electron or none depending on the absorber's energy gap. The remaining energy is lost as heat. But in a paper released May 13 in Science Advances, UW associate professor Xiaodong Xu and colleagues at four other institutions describe one promising approach to coax photons into stimulating multiple electrons. Their method exploits some surprising quantum-level interactions to give one photon multiple potential electron partners.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: James Urton
jurton@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 13-May-2016
Science Advances
Proton-conducting material found in electrosensory organs of sharks
Sharks, skates, and rays can detect very weak electric fields produced by prey and other animals using an array of unusual organs known as the ampullae of Lorenzini. Exactly how these electrosensory organs work has remained a mystery, but a new study has revealed an important clue that may have implications for other fields of research.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 12-May-2016
Astrophysical Journal
Small blue galaxy could shed new light on Big Bang, IU astronomers say
A faint blue galaxy nicknamed Leoncino, or 'little lion,' about 30 million light-years from Earth and located in the constellation Leo Minor has been identified by Indiana University astronomers as possessing qualities that could shed new light on conditions at the birth of the universe.
National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Brinson Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 11-May-2016
Schizophrenia Bulletin
How urban living affects children's mental health
Lower social cohesion among neighbors and higher crime rates contribute to higher rates of psychotic symptoms in children, a new study from researchers at Duke University and King's College London finds. The study, available online this week in Schizophrenia Bulletin, is the first to look at what features of urban neighborhoods increase children's risk for experiencing psychotic symptoms.
UK Medical Research Council, Economic and Social Research Council, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Development, MQ: Transforming Mental Health, Google Streetview, British Academy, William T. Grant Foundation and Jacobs Foundation

Contact: Amy Dominello Braun
amy.d.braun@duke.edu
919-681-8504
Duke University

Public Release: 11-May-2016
8th International Conference on Porous Media
New technology detects blood clots with simple in-home test
NSF-Funded UC research leads to a screening test for patients on blood thinners to reduce the risk for a blood clot or stroke that's as easy as an in-home diabetes test.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melanie Schefft
titanimk@ucmail.uc.edu
51-355-652-135-132-62634
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 11-May-2016
Molecular Psychiatry
PTSD linked to low levels of fat hormone
Researchers in the School of Medicine at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio report a biological mechanism that might explain why individuals coping with post-traumatic stress disorder are less able to extinguish the fear of past dangers.
National Institutes of Health, NARSAD, National Science Foundation

Contact: Will Sansom
sansom@uthscsa.edu
210-567-2579
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 11-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
You are what you eat: IU biologists map genetic pathways of nutrition-based species traits
Biologists at Indiana University have significantly advanced understanding of the genetic pathways that control the appearance of different physical traits in the same species depending on nutritional conditions experienced during development.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 11-May-2016
Nature
Chemists find 'huge shortcut' for organic synthesis using C-H bonds
Chemists have demonstrated the ability to selectively functionalize the unreactive carbon-hydrogen (C-H) bonds of an alkane without using a directing group, while also maintaining virtually full control of site selectivity and the three-dimensional shape of the molecules produced.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carol Clark
carol.clark@emory.edu
404-727-0501
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 11-May-2016
Biomacromolecules
Study probes heart of synthetic heart valves
Rice University bioengineers are giving tissue engineers new tools to help develop synthetic replacement heart valves that mimic natural ones. New research from Rice finds that the natural polymer hyaluronan can serve as a tunable bioscaffold for growing spongiosa, the middle tissue layer in heart valve leaflets.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 11-May-2016
Studying global warming events from millions of years ago for insight into climate change
A team of scientists led by researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington is examining global warming events that happened millions of years ago in order to gain new insights into present-day climate change.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Louisa Kellie
louisa.kellie@uta.edu
817-524-8926
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 11-May-2016
Nature
Researchers unveil new, detailed images of DNA transcription
An unprecedented molecular view of the critical early events in gene expression, a process essential for all life, has been provided by researchers at Georgia State University, the University of California at Berkeley and Northwestern University.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: LaTina Emerson
lemerson1@gsu.edu
404-413-1354
Georgia State University

Public Release: 11-May-2016
Human Evolution
New research suggests climate change may have contributed to extinction of Neanderthals
A researcher at the University of Colorado Denver has found that Neanderthals in Europe showed signs of nutritional stress during periods of extreme cold, suggesting climate change may have contributed to their demise around 40,000 years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Emily Williams
emily.r.williams@ucdenver.edu
303-550-5789
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 11-May-2016
Science Translational Medicine
Brain imaging links Alzheimer's decline to tau protein
Using a new imaging agent that binds to the Alzheimer's-linked tau protein and makes it visible in positron emission tomography scans, scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that measures of tau are better markers of the cognitive decline characteristic of Alzheimer's than measures of amyloid beta seen in PET scans.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Judy Martin Finch
martinju@wustl.edu
314-286-0105
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 11-May-2016
Journal of Paleontology
Fossil dog represents a new species, Penn paleontology grad student finds
A doctoral student at the University of Pennsylvania has identified a new species of fossil dog. The specimen, found in Maryland, would have roamed the coast of eastern North America approximately 12 million years ago, at a time when massive sharks like megalodon swam in the oceans.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 11-May-2016
ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
In a connected world, privacy becomes a group effort
As the world grows more social and connects more online, privacy management is becoming more collaborative, according to Penn State researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 11-May-2016
NSF grant to enable research computing infrastructure dedicated to science and engineering
A $500,000 grant from the National Science Foundation will enable FAU to install networking infrastructure to amplify its ability to conduct data-intensive science and engineering research. Referred to as a DMZ, the network isolates research traffic from other university network operations to achieve high performance. With a tenfold increase in capacity, the DMZ will span the Boca Raton, Jupiter, and Harbor Branch campuses, as well as Scripps Florida and the Max Planck Florida Institute.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gisele Galoustian
ggaloust@fau.edu
561-297-2676
Florida Atlantic University

Public Release: 11-May-2016
Nature
Chicken coops, sewage treatment plants are hot spots of antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria most often are associated with hospitals and other health-care settings, but a new study indicates that chicken coops and sewage treatment plants also are hot spots of antibiotic resistance.
Edward Mallinckrodt Jr. Foundation, Children's Discovery Institute, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation, Department of Defense

Contact: Diane Duke Williams
williamsdia@wustl.edu
314-286-0111
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 10-May-2016
Physical Review X
New device steps toward isolating single electrons for quantum computing
Researchers at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory have integrated trapped electrons with superconducting quantum circuits.
National Science Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Steve Koppes
skoppes@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Showing releases 351-375 out of 959.

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