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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 376-400 out of 924.

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Public Release: 19-Apr-2016
Royal Society Open Science
Lemurs mix smelly secretions to make richer, longer-lasting scents
Humans aren't alone in their ability to mix perfumes and colognes. Lemurs, too, get more out of their smelly secretions by combining fragrances from different scent glands to create richer, longer-lasting scents, finds a study led by Duke University.
Duke University, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 19-Apr-2016
Nature Communications
Rough childhoods have ripple effects for wild baboons
Numerous studies show that childhood trauma can have far-reaching effects on adult health; new research finds the same is true for wild baboons. Baboons that experience multiple misfortunes in early life grow up to live shorter adult lives, researchers report. The results show that early adversity can have long-term negative effects even in the absence of factors commonly evoked to explain similar patterns in humans, such as smoking, drinking or medical care.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Aging, Duke University, Princeton University, Chicago Zoological Society, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, L.S.B. Leakey Foundation, National Geographic Society

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
Nature Genetics
Scientists ID genes connected to wellbeing, depression and neuroticism
In one of the largest genomic studies to date, a group of more than 190 scientists have identified genes that are tied to depression, neuroticism and subjective wellbeing. Some of these genes also have links to issues such as schizophrenia and anxiety disorder.
National Science Foundation, National Institute of Health, NIH/Office of Behavioral and Social Science Research, Ragnar Soderberg Foundation, Swedish Research Council, Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, European Research Council, others

Contact: Emily Gersema
University of Southern California

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Exfoliating thinner flakes of phosphorene at higher yield
By deoxygenating water, Northwestern University professor Mark Hersam discovered a new way to exfoliate phosphorene into atomically thin flakes.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface
Post-wildfire erosion can be major sculptor of forested western mountains
New Mexico's Las Conchas fire provided researchers with an unexpected chance to conduct before-and-after studies of how wildfire affected short and long-term erosion rates. More than 90 percent of long-term erosion happened in the geologically brief time intervals right after forest fires. The study is the first to assess the impact of wildfires on forested mountainous landscapes of the US Intermountain West by combining several different ways to measure short-term and long-term erosion rates.
National Science Foundation, Geological Society of America

Contact: Mari N. Jensen
University of Arizona

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
Nature Cell Biology
Newly discovered vulnerability in breast tumor cells points to new cancer treatment path
Cancer cells often devise ways to survive even in the presence of toxic chemotherapy. Now, a research team led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has found a way to attack a process that tumor cells use to escape the effects of standard cancer drugs. The discovery is published online today in the journal Nature Cell Biology.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Kritz
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
American Physical Society Meeting
HAWC Gamma-ray Observatory reveals new look at the very-high-energy sky
Today, scientists operating the High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-ray Observatory released a new survey of the sky made from the highest energy gamma rays ever observed. The new sky map, which uses data collected since the observatory began running at full capacity last March, offers a deeper understanding of high-energy processes taking place in our galaxy and beyond.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología

Contact: Abby Robinson
University of Maryland

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
Current Anthropology
Bigger brains led to bigger bodies in our ancestors
New research suggests that humans became the large-brained, large-bodied animals we are today because of natural selection to increase brain size. The work contradicts previous models that treat brain size and body size as independent traits. Instead, the study shows that brain size and body size are genetically linked and that selection to increase brain size will 'pull along' body size.
George Washington University/Selective Excellence Program, Fulbright Foundation, National Science Foundation, and National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kendra Snyder
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Thanks, actin, for the memories
Rice University research suggests a complex dance between actin filaments and aggregating proteins is key to the molecular machinery that forms and stores long-term memories.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
Nature Plants
The P tax cometh
A new analysis shows that if tropical farming intensifies, there could be a staggering cost: millions of tons of phosphorus 'tax' that must be paid to the soil.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Brown
University of Vermont

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
Researcher pioneers bacterial infection treatment using novel target: Vesicles
Angela Brown, assistant professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at Lehigh University, is pioneering a unique approach to treating bacterial infections focused on a novel target: outer membrane vesicle -- which are regularly shed by Gram negative bacteria, among the most challenging type of bacteria to treat. Her work has caught the attention of the National Science Foundation, which recently awarded her an NSF CAREER grant to fund the development of this transformative approach.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori Friedman
Lehigh University

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
Nature Plants
Phosphorus 'tax' could be huge if tropical farming intensifies
If the world turns to intensive farming in the tropics to meet food demand, it will require vast amounts of phosphorus fertilizer produced from Earth's finite, irreplaceable phosphate rock deposits, a new analysis shows.
National Science Foundation, Brown University

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
Scientific Reports
New technique could improve detection of concealed nuclear materials
Researchers have demonstrated proof of concept for a novel low-energy nuclear reaction imaging technique designed to detect the presence of 'special nuclear materials' -- weapons-grade uranium and plutonium -- in cargo containers arriving at US ports.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Homeland Security

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
Nature Materials
A new way to get electricity from magnetism
By showing that a phenomenon dubbed the 'inverse spin Hall effect' works in several organic semiconductors -- including carbon-60 buckyballs -- University of Utah physicists changed magnetic 'spin current' into electric current. The efficiency of this new power conversion method isn't yet known, but it might find use in future electronic devices including batteries, solar cells and computers.
National Science Foundation, University of Utah-NSF Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
University of Utah

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Which trees face death in drought?
William Anderegg and his colleagues looked for patterns in previous studies of tree mortality and found some common traits that characterized which species lived and which died during drought. The results, published today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, can help chart the future of forests.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
University of Utah

Public Release: 15-Apr-2016
Amlan Ganguly receives NSF CAREER Award for improving data center energy efficiencies
Amlan Ganguly, a faculty member at Rochester Institute of Technology, recently received a National Science Foundation CAREER Award expected to total $596,512 over five years for 'Energy-efficient data center with wireless interconnection networks.' The five-year grant award is being used toward further exploring the design of energy efficient data centers utilizing a communication infrastructure with wireless interconnections.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Cometa
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Apr-2016
Nature Communications
First-ever videos show how heat moves through materials at the nanoscale and speed of sound
Using a state-of-the-art ultrafast electron microscope, University of Minnesota researchers have recorded the first-ever videos showing how heat moves through materials at the nanoscale traveling at the speed of sound.
National Science Foundation, University of Minnesota Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

Contact: Rhonda Zurn
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Measuring drought impact in more than dollars and cents
Two Vanderbilt University doctoral students has assembled a multi-disciplinary team of graduate students from around the country to conduct a multi-faceted study of how people are affected by and responding to drought conditions in the United States.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David F Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Physical Review Letters
Probing the transforming world of neutrinos
These are the first results from the NOvA experiment, which aims to study neutrino oscillations.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Indian Department of Science and Technology, European Research Council, and others

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Europa's heaving ice might make more heat than scientists thought
A new set of experiments sheds light on how much heat is created when ice is deformed, which could help scientists understand the possibility of a subsurface ocean on one of Jupiter's moons.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Journal of Virology
Surface mutation lets canine parvovirus jump to other species
A key mutation in the protein shell of canine parvovirus -- a single amino acid substitution -- plays a major role in the virus' ability to infect hosts of different species.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Melissa Osgood
Cornell University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Cerebral Cortex
Electrical brain stimulation enhances creativity, researchers say
Safe levels of electrical stimulation can enhance your capacity to think more creatively, according to a new study by Georgetown researchers.
National Science Foundation, John Templeton Foundation, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, Pymetrics

Contact: Ryan King
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
A single-atom magnet breaks new ground for future data storage
EPFL scientists have built a single-atom magnet that is the most stable to date. The breakthrough paves the way for the scalable production of miniature magnetic storage devices.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Competence Centre for Materials Science and Technology, ETH Zurich, EPFL, Marie Curie Institute, Serbian Ministry of Education and Science

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Visualizing and predicting evolution by mapping the elusive 'fitness landscape'
Suppose you were trying to design a vaccine to combat next season's influenza virus. Having a detailed map that tells you exactly how various strains of the flu bug will evolve would be extremely helpful.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Cell Reports
Scientists crack secrets of the monarch butterfly's internal compass
Researchers have cracked the secret of the internal, genetically encoded compass that millions of monarch butterflies use to determine the direction -- southwest -- they should fly each fall to reach central Mexico.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Applied Research Laboratory, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Washington Research Fund

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Showing releases 376-400 out of 924.

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