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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 376-400 out of 911.

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Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists sequence genome of worm that can regrow body parts, seeking stem cell insights
Tourists spending a recuperative holiday on the Italian coast may be envious of the regenerative abilities of locally found flatworm M. lignano. Named for an Italian beach town the tiny worm can regenerate almost its whole body following injury. Researchers have now sequenced its genome.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, The Swiss National Science Foundation, CSHL Cancer Center Support Grant

Contact: Peter Tarr
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Biologist David Lohman leads $2.5 million NSF-funded study on butterfly evolution
Dr. David J. Lohman, assistant professor of biology at The City College of New York, and his colleagues received $2.5 million in grants from the National Science Foundation for a collaborative study to resolve the evolutionary history of all butterfly species.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jay Mwamba
City College of New York

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Pairs of supermassive black holes in galaxies may be rarer than previously thought
Astronomers analyzing new images of 'X-shaped galaxies' conclude that their peculiar shape is less-commonly caused by mergers than was thought. This result could lower the level of gravitational waves coming from such galaxies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Ecology Letters
Study: It's not cheating unless a species gets hurt
A review of dozens of key ecological studies has found very little evidence to support one of the field's commonly held beliefs: Cheating is widespread among 'mutualists,' species that cooperate with one another for mutual benefit.
National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, State of California, University of California at Santa Barbara

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Scientific Reports
4-D technology allows self-folding of complex objects
Using components made from smart shape-memory materials with slightly different responses to heat, researchers have demonstrated a four-dimensional printing technology that allowed creation of complex self-folding structures.
US Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, Singapore National Research Foundation

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Acta Crystallographica Section D
Predicting X-ray diffuse scattering from translation-libration-screw structural ensembles
Protein flexibility is essential for enzymatic turnover, signalling regulation and protein-protein interactions. Multiple crystal structures are routinely compared to identify these motions and to derive hypotheses about the role of correlated motions in executing protein function. However, if only a single crystal form is available, evidence of concerted motion must be extracted from the spread in the electron density. Diffuse X-ray scattering can help by reporting on correlated atomic displacements.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Integrated Structural Biology

Contact: Dr. Jonathan Agbenyega
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A
Study: Fukushima disaster was preventable
Researchers distilled thousands of pages of government and industry reports and hundreds of news stories, focusing on the run-up to the disaster and found that a cascade of errors led to the accident.
ASTARTE, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security
'SafePay': First anti-fraud system to use existing credit card readers
For the first time, researchers have developed an inexpensive, secure method to prevent mass credit card fraud using existing magnetic card readers. The novel technique -- called SafePay -- works by transforming disposable credit card information to electrical current and driving a magnetic card chip to simulate the behavior of a physical magnetic card.
Qatar National Research Fun, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori Friedman
Lehigh University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Nature Materials
Proteins assemble and disassemble on command
Scientists have deciphered the genetic code that instructs proteins to either self-assemble or disassemble in response to environmental stimuli, such as changes in temperature, salinity or acidity. The discovery provides a new platform for drug delivery systems and an entirely different view of cellular functions.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Tree of life' for 2.3 million species released; U-M plays key role in project
A first draft of the 'tree of life' for the roughly 2.3 million named species of animals, plants, fungi and microbes has been released, and two University of Michigan biologists played a key role in its creation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Tree of life' for 2.3 million species released
A first draft of the tree of life for all 2.3 million named species of animals, plants, fungi and microbes has been released. Thousands of smaller trees have been published over the years for select branches, but this is the first time those results have been combined into a single tree. The end result is a digital resource that is available online for anyone to use or edit, much like a 'Wikipedia' for evolutionary relationships.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
IU psychologist leads $700,000 NSF grant to create machines that think like toddlers
An IU cognitive scientist and collaborators will lead a study to create of machines that recognize objects with the same ease as children as well as lead to new, more sophisticated digital object-recognition technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Improving collaboration between Native Americans and climate scientists
Hoping to improve Native American tribes' access to climate science tools, a Michigan State University researcher will use a four-year $450,000 National Science Foundation grant to foster better relations between tribes and scientific organizations when dealing with climate change.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kristen Parker
Michigan State University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Scientific Reports
Harvesting clues to GMO dilemmas from China's soybean fields
China's struggle -- mirrored across the globe -- to balance public concern over the safety of genetically modified crops with a swelling demand for affordable food crops has left a disconnect: In China's case, shrinking fields of domestic soybean -- by law non-GM -- and massive imports of cheaper soybeans that are the very GM crop consumers profess to shun.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sue Nichols
Michigan State University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
UTA computer scientist to develop software engineering methods that ensure good upgrades
Taylor T. Johnson, an assistant professor in the Computer Science and Engineering Department, will use a $174,634 grant from the National Science Foundation to develop novel software engineering methods that will enable safe upgrades of cyber-physical systems in the energy domain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Northwestern receives $5 million for nanoscale research
Northwestern University has received a five-year, $5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to establish, in collaboration with the University of Chicago, a new national resource that provides academic, small business and industry researchers access to cutting-edge nanotechnology facilities and expertise. The Soft and Hybrid Nanotechnology Experimental Resource enables the hybridization of soft (biological) nanostructures with rigid nanoparticles, for applications such as microfluidic modules for bio-sensors and synthetic scaffolds for tissue regeneration, among others.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Dynamic braces for kids with scoliosis now in development
A team led by Sunil Agrawal, professor of mechanical engineering and of rehabilitation and regenerative medicine at Columbia Engineering, has won a $1 million grant from the NSF's National Robotics Initiative to develop a dynamic spine brace that is more flexible than the rigid braces now in use for treatment of scoliosis.
National Science Foundation's National Robotics Initiative

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Push to dramatically broaden access to nanotech equipment in the Triangle
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC State and Duke are launching a partnership to dramatically broaden access to nanotechnology facilities and expertise to faculty, students, businesses and educators across the Triangle and nationwide. The goal is to encourage both traditional and non-traditional users of these highly specialized and expensive pieces of equipment across the three universities in order to mix ideas and push the limits of innovation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Thania Benios
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Physical Review X
Network control: Letting noise lead the way
Northwestern University researchers leverage randomness in a new computational approach to keep cells healthy.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
Pre-reptile may be earliest known to walk upright on all fours
Wandering an arid region of the ancient supercontinent of Pangea about 260-million years ago, the pre-reptile Bunostegos akokanensis is the oldest known creature to have walked upright on all fours, according to a newly published study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Physicists defy conventional wisdom to identify ferroelectric material
In a discovery that could open new pathways to find new materials for nanotechnology devices, physicists at the University of Wisconsin and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln found ferroelectricity could be induced in a thin sheet of strontium titanate. The material ordinarily is not ferroelectric. The finding contradicts conventional wisdom that materials lose ferroelectricity as they are made thinner.
National Science Foundation, NSF/Designing Materials to Revolutionize and Engineer our Future Program

Contact: Alexei Gruverman
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Birds that eat at feeders more likely to get sick, spread disease
The authors monitored the social and foraging behaviors of wild flocks of house finches, a common backyard songbird, and the spread of a naturally-occurring bird disease called Mycoplasmal conjunctivitis, which is similar to 'pink eye' in humans but cannot be contracted by humans.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lindsay Key
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 16-Sep-2015
Workforce report released summarizing the Geoscience Career Master's Preparation Survey
The results of a survey have been published in a report assessing the academic experiences of Master's candidates against the skill sets identified as valuable for non-academic working professionals.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Heather R. Houlton
American Geosciences Institute

Public Release: 16-Sep-2015
Nanotech expertise earns Virginia Tech a spot in National Science Foundation network
The award, which carries $2.5 million in funding for five years and is renewable for a second five-year period, will establish the Virginia Tech National Center for Earth and Environmental Nanotechnology Infrastructure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Eleanor Nelsen
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 16-Sep-2015
Cornell nanotech facility receives $8 million NSF grant
The National Science Foundation has selected the Cornell NanoScale Science and Technology Facility to be part of the newly established National Nanotechnology Coordinated Infrastructure. Cornell will receive $8 million from the federal agency over five years.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melissa Osgood
Cornell University

Showing releases 376-400 out of 911.

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