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Back to EurekAlert! A Service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 376-400 out of 931.

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Public Release: 17-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Fat makes coral fit to cope with climate change
A year ago, researchers discovered that fat helps coral survive heat stress over the short term -- and now it seems that fat helps coral survive over the long term, too. The study offers important clues as to which coral species are most likely to withstand repeated bouts of heat stress, called 'bleaching,' as climate change warms world oceans.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Ohio State University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UW team refrigerates liquids with a laser for the first time
Since the first laser was invented in 1960, they've always given off heat, either as a useful tool, a byproduct or a fictional way to vanquish intergalactic enemies. University of Washington researchers are the first to solve a decades-old puzzle -- figuring out how to make a laser refrigerate water and other liquids.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, University of Washington, National Science Foundation, DOE/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Contact: Jennifer Langston
University of Washington

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Systematic Entomology
Scientists uncover re-evolution of disruptive camouflage in horned praying mantises
A scientist from The Cleveland Museum of Natural History led research that revised the horned praying mantis group and traced the evolution of its distinctive camouflage features.
US National Science Foundation

Contact: Glenda Bogar
Cleveland Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Agricultural Water Management
Study finds High Plains Aquifer peak use by state, overall usage decline
A new Kansas State University study finds that the over-tapping of the High Plains Aquifer's groundwater beyond the aquifer's recharge rate peaked in 2006. Its use is projected to decrease by roughly 50 percent in the next 100 years.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: David Steward
Kansas State University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Nano Letters
Rice makes light-driven nanosubmarine
Rice University scientists build nanoscale submarines powered by light.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Welch Foundation, North Carolina State University

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Second International Congress on Animal Computer Interaction
New tech helps handlers monitor health, well-being of guide dogs
Researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a device that allows people who are blind to monitor their guide dogs, in order to keep tabs on the health and well-being of their canine companions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Large-scale modeling shows confinement effects on cell macromolecules
Using large-scale computer modeling, researchers have shown the effects of confinement on macromolecules inside cells -- and taken the first steps toward simulating a living cell, a capability that could allow them to ask 'what-if' questions impossible to ask in real organisms.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Psychological Science
Information is contagious among social connections
New research using advanced computer modeling sheds light on how behaviors may become 'contagious' in large groups, showing that the memory of one individual can indirectly influence that of another via shared social connections. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Nature Geoscience
Study is first to map Earth's hidden groundwater
The first data-driven estimate of the Earth's total supply of groundwater shows that less than six per cent of groundwater in the upper two kilometers of the Earth's landmass is renewable within a human lifetime. The study, in Nature Geoscience, is led by Dr. Tom Gleeson of the University of Victoria with co-authors at the University of Texas at Austin, the University of Calgary and the University of G÷ttingen.
Natural Sciences and Research Council, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, National Science Foundation, American Geophysical Union

Contact: Suzanne Ahearne
University of Victoria

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
PLOS Biology
Bats use weighty wings to land upside down
In order to roost upside down on cave ceilings or tree limbs, bats need to perform an aerobatic feat unlike anything else in the animal world. Researchers from Brown University have shown that it's the extra mass in bats' beefy wings that makes the maneuver possible.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers discover sediment size matters in high-elevation erosion rates
Cold, steep, high-elevation slopes with less vegetation produce coarser and larger sediment than low-elevation, gentle slopes. This finding quantifies how sediment production varies with topography and suggests that variations in climate, topography and weathering rates may shape the evolution of mountain landscapes by influencing sediment size.
Ann and Gordon Getty Foundation, American Geophysical Union, Doris and David Dawdy Fund for Hydrologic Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Cliff Riebe
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers sequence genomes of parasite that is actually a 'micro jellyfish'
This week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers at the University of Kansas will reveal how a jellyfish -- those commonplace sea pests with stinging tentacles -- have evolved over time into 'really weird' microscopic organisms, made of only a few cells, that live inside other animals.
National Science Foundation, Binational Science Foundation, Israel Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 16-Nov-2015
Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Marijuana dependence influenced by genes, childhood sexual abuse
Genetic variation within the endocannabinoid system may explain why some survivors of childhood adversity go on to become dependent on marijuana, while others are able to use marijuana without problems, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Science Foundation, American Cancer Society, Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, and others

Contact: Ryan Bogdan
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 15-Nov-2015
Lancet Infectious Diseases
Child with drug-resistant TB successfully treated at Johns Hopkins Children's Center
Johns Hopkins Children's Center specialists report they have successfully treated and put in remission a 2-year-old, now age 5, with a highly virulent form of tuberculosis known as XDR TB, or extensively drug-resistant TB.
NIH Director's Transformative Research Award, NIH Director's New Innovator Award, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Taylor Graham
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Building with nature: Ecological design for next-generation cities
ESA's journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment celebrates the centennial of the society with perspectives on the potential for ecological science to influence the design of the next generation cities and their infrastructure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Liza Lester
202-833-8773 x211
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 13-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
3-D printing aids in understanding food enjoyment
Tasting food relies on food volatiles moving from the back of the mouth to the nasal cavity, but researchers have wondered why airflow doesn't carry them in the other direction, into the lungs. Now a team of engineers, using a 3-D printed model of the human airway from nostril to trachea, has determined that the shape of the airway preferentially transfers volatiles to the nasal cavity and allows humans to enjoy the smell of good food.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
Eating sweets forms memories that may control eating habits, study finds
Eating sweet foods causes the brain to form a memory of a meal, according to researchers at Georgia State University, Georgia Regents University and Charlie Norwood VA Medical Center.
National Science Foundation, Veterans Affairs Merit Award, Georgia State's Brains and Behavior Program

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
Analysis exposes faster disintegration of major Greenland glacier
'The acceleration rate of its ice velocity tripled, melting of its residual ice shelf and thinning of its grounded portion doubled, and calving is occurring at its grounding line,' the authors report on the the ZachariŠ Isstr°m glacier today in Science.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 12-Nov-2015
CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing: Check 3 times, cut once
CRISPR-Cas9 is a powerful tool to edit genomes, but off-target edits are a concern. UC Berkeley studies detail three checks the Cas9 protein makes to ensure it binds the right DNA and that the sequence matches the RNA primer sufficiently to warrant cutting. At most off-target sites, Cas9 binds for milliseconds. Once it sticks for about a minute, two distant regions of the protein come together like the blades of a scissors to trigger cutting.
National Science Foundation, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
ACS Nano
Quantum dots made from fool's gold boost battery performance
Vanderbilt engineers have discovered that adding quantum dots made from fool's gold to the electrodes of standard lithium batteries can substantially boost their performance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David F. Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
Human handouts could be spreading disease from birds to people
People feeding white ibises at public parks are turning the normally independent birds into beggars, and now researchers at the University of Georgia say it might also be helping spread disease. They recently launched a study to find out how being fed by humans is changing the health, ecology and behavior of white ibises in south Florida, where construction and land development is drying up their wetland habitats.
National Science Foundation's Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Program

Contact: Sonia Hernandez
University of Georgia

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
57th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Plasma Physics
Made to order: Researchers discover a new form of crystalline matter
The new Magnetized Dusty Plasma Experiment recently discovered a new form of crystalline-like matter in strongly magnetized dusty plasma.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Saralyn Stewart
American Physical Society

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Machine learning could solve riddles of galaxy formation
A new machine-learning simulation system developed at the University of Illinois promises cosmologists an expanded suite of galaxy models -- a necessary first step to developing more accurate and relevant insights into the formation of the universe.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Austin Keating
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
Nature Communications
Nanopores could take the salt out of seawater
University of Illinois engineers have found an energy-efficient material for removing salt from seawater that could provide a rebuttal to poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge's lament, 'Water, water, every where, nor any drop to drink.'
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 11-Nov-2015
$4.2 million NSF grant helps biologist gather large-scale river measurements
Walter Dodds, university distinguished professor of biology, is part of a collaborative five-year, $4.2 million National Science Foundation project to better understand how climate change affects river systems.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Walter Dodds
Kansas State University

Showing releases 376-400 out of 931.

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