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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 401-425 out of 921.

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Public Release: 16-Sep-2015
ESA receives NSF award to seed new Network for Next Generation Careers
The Ecological Society of America, in partnership with the Society for Conservation Biology, will create a new network of prospective employers, faculty and professional societies over the next eighteen months with a $48,000 grant from the National Science Foundation. The Next Generation Careers - Innovation in Environmental Biology Education incubator project will explore undergraduate college career progression into environmental biology, including fields such as ecology, evolution, conservation, and natural resource management.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alison Mize
202-833-8773 x205
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 16-Sep-2015
Gene editing study reveals possible 'Achilles heel' of sickle cell disease
Researchers from Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, using CRISPR-based gene-editing tools, have found that changes to a small stretch of DNA may circumvent the genetic defect behind sickle cell disease (SCD). The discovery, published in the journal Nature, creates a path for developing gene editing approaches for treating SCD and other hemoglobin disorders, such as thalassemia.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, National Science Foundation and others

Contact: Irene Sege
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 16-Sep-2015
New support for converging black holes in Virgo constellation
In a new study in Nature, astronomers at Columbia University provide additional evidence that a pair of closely orbiting black holes deep in the Virgo constellation is causing the rhythmic flashes of light coming from quasar PG 1302-102. Based on calculations of the pair's mass -- together, and relative to each other -- the researchers go on to predict a smashup 100,000 years from now, far sooner than previously predicted.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Kim Martineau
Columbia University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2015
UT Arlington research will lead to more efficient computer modeling
A group of UT Arlington engineers hopes to create a more rigorous, yet intuitive, design approach and eliminate the need to repeatedly rebuild models.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 15-Sep-2015
Link between Alzheimer's and type 2 diabetes could lead to new treatment
Could a new treatment for Alzheimer's be found by studying type 2 diabetes? Dr. Jie Zheng and his team believe they have found a link that could lead to a single drug that treats both diseases.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Craig
University of Akron

Public Release: 15-Sep-2015
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Young chum salmon may get biggest nutrition boost from Elliott Bay restored beaches
University of Washington researchers have found the types of organisms in Seattle's Elliott Bay change depending on the shoreline nearby, either armored or restored beaches. Young chum salmon adjusted their diets based on these changes.
National Science Foundation, Seattle Department of Transportation

Contact: Michelle Ma
University of Washington

Public Release: 15-Sep-2015
Biologists parse evolutionary 'arms race' between insects, predators and plants
Many scientists believe the very same dynamics that have shaped conflict between nations since the early 20th century also may govern how species evolve on Earth. Now, a University of Kansas researcher is studying how these questions from the 'arms-race' model of defenses are demonstrated among leaf beetles.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 15-Sep-2015
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
Making a smart material smarter
A team of researchers, including some from Michigan State University, is making a smart material smarter. Using a series of grants from the National Science Foundation, the team is manipulating a material known as vanadium dioxide, or VO2, making it usable in a size that is barely visible to the naked eye.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Oswald
Michigan State University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2015
Environmental Science & Technology Letters
How much water does US fracking really use?
Energy companies used nearly 250 billion gallons of water to extract shale gas and oil from hydraulically fractured wells in the US between 2005 and 2014, a new Duke University study finds. During the same period, the fracked wells generated about 210 billion gallons of wastewater. As large as those numbers seem, the study calculates that the water used in fracking makes up less than 1 percent of total industrial water use nationwide.
National Science Foundation, Duke University Energy Initiative

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Arctic mosquitoes thriving under climate change, Dartmouth study finds
Warming temperatures are causing Arctic mosquitoes to grow faster and emerge earlier, significantly boosting their population and threatening the caribou they feast on, a Dartmouth College study finds.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
Biology Letters
A more acidic ocean will bend the mermaid's wineglass
New research from the University of Washington's Friday Harbor Laboratories shows that a more acidic ocean can weaken the protective shell of a delicate alga. The findings, published Sept. 9 in the journal Biology Letters, come at a time when global climate change may increase ocean acidification.
National Science Foundation, Mediterranean Sea Acidification Program

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
NSF awards $2.2 million to Lehigh to study infrastructure system resilience
Lehigh University will receive $2.2 million from the NSF, part of its $20 million investment in fundamental research to strengthen the nation's infrastructure in coordination with the Obama administration's 'Smart Cities' initiative.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori Friedman
Lehigh University

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the Second (2015) ACM Conference on Learning @ Scale
Learning is not a spectator sport
MOOC providers currently offer thousands of courses and have enticed millions of students to enroll. The emphasis in MOOCs is often on lecture videos that students watch and learn from. However, a new study shows that this central approach of MOOCs -- having students watch to learn -- is ineffective. Instead, the emphasis on interactive activities as advocated by Carnegie Mellon University's Simon Initiative helps students learn about six times more.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Shilo Rea
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
Nature Communications
Building the electron superhighway
University of Vermont scientists have invented a new way to view and create what they are calling 'an electron superhighway' in an organic semiconductor. This approach promises to allow electrons to flow faster and farther -- aiding the hunt for flexible electronics, organic solar cells, and other low-cost alternatives to silicon.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Brown
University of Vermont

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Loss of cellular energy leads to neuronal dysfunction in neurodegenerative disease model
New research from the Gladstone Institutes shows for the first time that impairments in mitochondria -- the brain's cellular power plants -- can deplete cellular energy levels and cause neuronal dysfunction in a model of neurodegenerative disease. The study was chosen as the Paper of the Week in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.
National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, National Science Foundation, Pediatric Scientist Development Program

Contact: Dana Smith
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Research shows evolution in real time
In ongoing research to record the interaction of environment and evolution, a team led by University of California, Riverside biologist David Reznick has found new information illustrating the evolution of a population of guppies. Working in a river in Trinidad, the researchers determined which male guppies would contribute more offspring to the population as well as which would live longer and which would have a shorter lifespan.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
New UT Arlington nursing robot to allow nurses time for more important duties
A University of Texas at Arlington electrical engineer is building a robotic nurse to help nurses and other healthcare providers perform the more routine duties that must be done daily such as sitting with a patient that is trying to get out of bed and walking a patient.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
Improving utility smart metering, energy services and conservation
The grant follows a pilot project funded last year by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and carried out by a UMass Amherst team at HG&E that demonstrated how smart electric meters save money and power. Shenoy, Hoque and Irwin, with others, will use anonymous data collected from several dozen volunteer HG&E customer homes to expand last year's project to improve electricity use based on meter data. High-speed processors at the Massachusetts Green High Performance Computing Center in Holyoke will manage data.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
Cerebral Cortex
IU scientist and collaborators chart a lost highway in the brain
A part of the brain lost from scientific literature for over a century may be responsible for a key component of perceptionm according to a new study from the IU neuroscientist who was part of the team that rediscovered the forgotten structure.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
Engineer receives rapid NSF support to probe water woes in Flint, Michigan
A Virginia Tech engineer is traveling to Flint, Michigan, this week as part of a National Science Foundation-funded $50,000 one-year study into a 'perfect storm' of water distribution system corrosion problems.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steven Mackay
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
Nature Climate Change
Sierra Nevada snowpack lowest in five centuries
Snowpack in California's Sierra Nevada in 2015 was at the lowest level in the past 500 years, according to a new report led by researchers from the University of Arizona's Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research. The research is the first to show how the 2015 snowpack compares with snowpack levels for the previous five centuries. California's current record-setting drought began in 2012, the researchers note in their report.
National Science Foundation, US Geological Survey, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Mari N. Jensen
University of Arizona

Public Release: 14-Sep-2015
Nature Photonics
Researchers develop key component for terahertz wireless
Researchers at Brown University have developed what they believe to be the first viable strategy for multiplexing radiation in the terahertz range. Terahertz rays may one day enable wireless data networks that are many times faster than today's cellular or Wi-Fi networks. Multiplexing -- the ability to send multiple data streams down a single medium -- is critical for any communications network, including those that use terahertz waves.
National Science Foundation, W.M. Keck Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2015
Lab on a Chip
'Lab-on-a-Chip' technology to cut costs of sophisticated tests for diseases and disorders
Rutgers engineers have developed a breakthrough device that can significantly reduce the cost of sophisticated lab tests for medical disorders and diseases, such as HIV, Lyme disease and syphilis. The new device uses miniaturized channels and valves to replace 'benchtop' assays -- tests that require large samples of blood or other fluids and expensive chemicals that lab technicians manually mix in trays of tubes or plastic plates with cup-like depressions.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, New Jersey Commission on Brain Injury Research, Corning Inc.

Contact: Carl Blesch
Rutgers University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2015
Science and Public Policy
Making a difference with open source science equipment
Science can be expensive. But making customized scientific equipment doesn't have to be. Researchers at Michigan Technological University have compiled economic data on the effectiveness of open source hardware in the laboratory -- and the process looks promising.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Pearce
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
NYU researcher develops unique delivery system for dual gene and drug therapies
The National Science Foundation recently funded research at New York University aimed at developing an engineered protein-lipid system that simultaneously delivers genes and drugs for the potential treatment of multi-drug resistant cancer cells. The dual-delivery system could also apply to diabetes and other conditions requiring a variety of therapeutic approaches.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering

Showing releases 401-425 out of 921.

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