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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 401-425 out of 795.

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Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
Nanophotonics
Progress on detecting glucose levels in saliva
Researchers from Brown University have developed a new biochip sensor that uses dye chemistry and plasmonic interferometry to selectively measure concentrations of glucose in a complex solution similar to human saliva. The advance is an important step toward a device that would enable people with diabetes to test their glucose levels without drawing blood.
National Science Foundation, Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
PARTNERS works to promote tropical forest regrowth
University of Connecticut researchers lead multi-disciplinary lineup representing 14 countries at launch of international reforestation project.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sheila Foran
sheila.foran@uconn.edu
860-486-5385
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
Limnology & Oceanography
UGA ecologists provide close-up of coral bleaching event
New research by University of Georgia ecologists sheds light on exactly what happens to coral during periods of excessively high water temperatures. Their study, published in the journal Limnology and Oceanography, documents a coral bleaching event in the Caribbean in minute detail and sheds light on how it changed a coral's community of algae -- a change that could have long-term consequences for coral health, as bleaching is predicted to occur more frequently in the future.
National Science Foundation, World Bank

Contact: Dustin Kemp
dkemp1@uga.edu
University of Georgia

Public Release: 3-Jun-2014
223rd AAS Meeting
Image release: A violent, complex scene of colliding galaxy clusters
Using the Very Large Array along with the Chandra X-ray Observatory and Hubble Space Telescope, astronomers see a fascinating, complex scene where clusters of galaxies are violently colliding.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
dfinley@nrao.edu
575-835-7302
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 2-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A new look at old forests
As forests age, their ability to grow decreases, because energy production (photosynthesis) and energy consumption (respiration) decrease with age, a new study by Marine Biological Laboratory scientists and colleagues has determined. Since most US forests are maturing from regeneration that began about 100 years ago when extensive clear-cutting occurred, the study suggests the future growth of US forests will decline.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Kenney
dkenney@mbl.edu
508-289-7139
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 2-Jun-2014
Paleoceanography
Modern ocean acidification is outpacing ancient upheaval, study suggests
In a new study published in the latest issue of Paleoceanography, scientists estimate that surface ocean acidity increased by about 100 percent during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum in a few thousand years or more, and stayed that way for the next 70,000 years.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim Martineau
kmartine@ldeo.columbia.edu
646-717-0134
The Earth Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 2-Jun-2014
Nature Climate Change
Decomposing logs show local factors undervalued in climate change predictions
In a long-term analysis conducted across several sites in the eastern US, a team of researchers found that local factors -- from levels of fungal colonization to the specific physical locations of the wood -- play a far greater role than climate in wood decomposition rates and the subsequent impacts on regional carbon cycling. Because decomposition of organic matter strongly influences the storage of carbon, or its release into the atmosphere, it is a major factor in potential changes to the climate.
National Science Foundation, Yale Climate & Energy Institute

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
kevin.dennehy@yale.edu
203-436-4842
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 2-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Solving the puzzle of ice age climates
Researchers look to the Southern Ocean for an explanation of the 'Last Glacial Maximum.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Rensselaer researchers predict the electrical response of metals to extreme pressures
Research published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences makes it possible to predict how subjecting metals to severe pressure can lower their electrical resistance, a finding that could have applications in computer chips and other materials that could benefit from specific electrical resistance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Martialay
martim12@rpi.edu
518-276-2146
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 2-Jun-2014
Wayne State University licenses technology to new start-up, Detroit Materials, Inc.
The Office of the Vice President for Research at Wayne State University announced today the finalization of a license agreement with a new start-up company, Detroit Materials, Inc., for a Wayne State University patented portfolio of high-strength low-alloy steels and cast irons for demanding applications in the defense, off-highway, tooling and automotive industries.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 2-Jun-2014
BMC Plant Biology
Blunting rice disease
A naturally occurring microbe in soil that inhibits the rice blast fungus has been identified by a team of researchers from the University of Delaware and the University of California at Davis.
NSF/Plant Genome Research Project

Contact: Donna O'Brien
dobrien@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 2-Jun-2014
Personality and Individual Differences
What finding out a child's sex before birth says about a mother
An expectant mother who chooses to find out her child's sex before birth may be giving subtle clues about her views on proper gender roles, new research suggests.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan
Schoppe-sullivan.1@osu.edu
Ohio State University

Public Release: 2-Jun-2014
Cell Biology Education—Life Sciences Education
ASU researcher leads national effort to transform undergraduate biology education
In an effort to both capture the diversity of biology and condense what is taught, an Arizona State University researcher is leading a grassroots effort to improve biology education throughout the United States. Sara Brownell and colleagues from UW have developed a detailed core concept template called BioCore Guide. The guide is provides an updated blueprint for educators to help them clarify the learning outcomes for undergraduate students majoring in general biology.
University of Washington, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sandra Leander
sandra.leander@asu.edu
480-965-9865
Arizona State University

Public Release: 2-Jun-2014
BioScience
Rolling old river is indeed changing
A team of ecologists has documented and summarized far-reaching changes in the Hudson since 1987, most as a result of human activity. Invasive species, pollution reductions, increased flow, and higher temperatures are among the most pronounced causes, but other changes are mysterious. Rivers must be understood over a decadal timescale, the researchers argue.
Hudson River Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Williams
jwilliams@aibs.org
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 2-Jun-2014
Language
New analysis contradicts findings published in Science
New research published in the June 2014 issue of Language presents evidence that the methods employed by the authors of articles published in prestigious international science journals are not supported by a more rigorous linguistic analysis. The Language article, 'A statistical comparison of written language and non-linguistic symbol systems,' was authored by Richard Sproat, a research scientist at Google, based on work he previously did at the Oregon Health & Science University.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alyson Reed
areed@lsadc.org
202-835-1714
Linguistic Society of America

Public Release: 1-Jun-2014
Nature Medicine
'Quadrapeutics' works in preclinical study of hard-to-treat tumors
A Rice University-led study in this week's Nature Medicine reports the first preclinical tests for a novel anti-cancer technology called 'quadrapeutics' that converts current clinical treatments to instantaneously detect and kill only cancer cells. Quadrapeutics combines clinically available drugs, colloidal gold, pulsed lasers and radiation in a novel and safe micro-treatment that improved standard therapy by 17-fold against aggressive, drug-resistant tumors.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Simmons Family Foundation

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 30-May-2014
Journal of Applied Polymer Science
New method of wormlike motion lets gels wiggle through water
A prestigious journal published a UC undergraduate's research on hydrogels -- a special substance that can be equipped to detect bacteria, carry cargo and deliver medicine.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Robinette
tom.robinette@uc.edu
513-556-1825
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 29-May-2014
Biomaterials
Engineering a better way to rebuild bone inside the body
A new technology under development at the Georgia Institute of Technology could one day provide more efficient delivery of the bone regenerating growth factors with greater accuracy and at a lower cost.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Brett Israel
brett.israel@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-1933
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 29-May-2014
An ecological risk research agenda for synthetic biology
Environmental scientists and synthetic biologists have for the first time developed a set of key research areas to study the potential ecological impacts of synthetic biology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Aaron Lovell
aaron.lovell@wilsoncenter.org
202-691-4320
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars/Science and Technology Innovation Program

Public Release: 29-May-2014
Science
When eradicating invasive species threatens endangered species recovery
Efforts to eradicate invasive species increasingly occur side by side with programs focused on recovery of endangered ones. But what should resource managers do when the eradication of an invasive species threatens an endangered species? In a new study, UC Davis scientists examine that conundrum now taking place in the San Francisco Bay.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alan Hastings
amhastings@ucdavis.edu
530-752-8116
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 28-May-2014
Physics of Fluids
A cure for dry eye could be a blink away
Kara Maki, assistant professor in Rochester Institute of Technology's School of Mathematical Sciences, contributed to a recent National Science Foundation study seeking to understand the basic motion of tear film traversing the eye. 'Tear Film Dynamic with Evaporation, Wetting and Time Dependent Flux boundary Condition on an Eye-shaped Domain,' published in the journal Physics of Fluids on May 6, is an extension of Maki's doctoral research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 28-May-2014
New Journal of Physics
Chapman University research article wins 'Best of 2013' award
The global scientific society Institute of Physics recently announced that their editors selected a research article by a team from Chapman University's Institute for Quantum Studies 'for inclusion in the exclusive 'Highlights of 2013' collection.' The paper, titled, 'The classical limit of quantum optics: not what it seems at first sight,' was originally published in the New Journal of Physics last year.
Binational Science Foundation, Israel Science Foundation

Contact: Sheri Ledbetter
sledbett@chapman.edu
714-289-3143
Chapman University

Public Release: 28-May-2014
NSF grant funds UCSC chemists developing alternatives to phthalate plasticizers
Rebecca Braslau, a professor of chemistry and biochemistry at UC Santa Cruz, has received a $480,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to support her research to develop a safe and affordable alternative to phthalate plasticizers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-2495
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 28-May-2014
IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
Crow or raven? New birdsnap app can help!
Columbia Engineering computer scientists have taken bird-watching to a new level. Using computer vision and machine learning techniques, they have developed Birdsnap, a new iPhone app that is an electronic field guide featuring 500 of the most common North American bird species. The free app, which enables users to identify bird species through uploaded photos, accompanies a visually beautiful, comprehensive website that includes some 50,000 images.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
347-453-7408
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 28-May-2014
Nature
New study finds Antarctic Ice Sheet unstable at end of last ice age
A new study has found that the Antarctic Ice Sheet began melting about 5,000 years earlier than previously thought coming out of the last ice age -- and that shrinkage of the vast ice sheet accelerated during eight distinct episodes, causing rapid sea level rise.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Clark
clarkp@geo.oregonstate.edu
541-740-5237
Oregon State University

Showing releases 401-425 out of 795.

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