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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 426-450 out of 923.

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Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Applications in Plant Sciences
Bringing 'dark data' into the light: Best practices for digitizing herbarium collections
North American herbaria curate approximately 74 million specimens, but only a fraction have been digitized. Imaging specimens and transcribing the related data into online databases can vastly increase available biodiversity data, allowing new discoveries. The National Science Foundation's Integrated Digitized Biocollections is facilitating an effort to unify digitization projects across the country through the development of digitization workflows. The workflows, along with details on their development, are available in Applications in Plant Sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Parada
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
UT Arlington computer scientist's research would make robots more observant
A University of Texas at Arlington engineer is seeking ways to program robots by having them observe a human performing a particular task, then imitate it to complete the same objective.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Nano Letters
SLAC's ultrafast 'electron camera' visualizes ripples in 2-D material
New research led by scientists from the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University shows how individual atoms move in trillionths of a second to form wrinkles on a three-atom-thick material. Revealed by a brand new 'electron camera,' one of the world's speediest, this unprecedented level of detail could guide researchers in the development of efficient solar cells, fast and flexible electronics and high-performance chemical catalysts.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, SLAC UED/UEM Program Development Fund, German National Academy of Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrew Gordon
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Astrophysical Journal
Massive galaxy cluster found to be bursting with new stars
An international team of astronomers has discovered a distant massive galaxy cluster with a core bursting with new stars. The discovery is the first to show that gigantic galaxies at the centers of massive clusters can grow significantly by feeding off gas stolen from other galaxies. Gillian Wilson at the University of California, Riverside is a key member of the research team.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Current Biology
People worldwide -- even nomads in Tanzania -- think of colors the same way
Would a color by any other name be thought of in the same way, regardless of the language used to describe it? According to new research, the answer is yes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Delwin Lindsey
Ohio State University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Needed: Soft robots to solve hard problems
Seeking to explore potential applications for soft, deformable robots, a largely unexplored area of robotics engineering, Dmitry Berenson, assistant professor of computer science at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, and Cagdas Onal, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at WPI, have secured nearly $600,000 from the National Science Foundation for two projects that could point toward practical uses in medicine, manufacturing, and disaster response.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Baron
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 10-Sep-2015
Clemson professor receives grant to delve into the foundation of scientific philosophy
Tom Oberdan, associate professor of science and technology in society, has received a Scholars Award of $128,000 from the National Science Foundation to explore the 20th-century origins of how philosophers think about science.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Oberdan
Clemson University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2015
Searching for the connections between art and science
As part of a growing scientific emphasis on understanding the brain, a University of Houston researcher is studying what happens as people create and contemplate art and beauty. Engineering professor Jose Luis Contreras-Vidal will use a grant from the National Science Foundation to track neural activity as people both make and view art.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 9-Sep-2015
ACS Nano
Science provides new way to peer into pores
Rice University scientists combine techniques to create a new way to characterize the nanoscale spaces in porous materials. The technique should be of value to materials and biological sciences.
Welch Foundation, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2015
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Study: Easy explanations for life's inequities lead to support for the status quo
What if you heard that on planet Teeku, the Blarks were a lot richer than the Orps, and you had to guess why? In a new study, participants were asked to select from several potential explanations for this fictional disparity. A majority focused on inherent traits of the Blarks and Orps (maybe the Blarks were smarter, or better workers than the Orps), rather than on external factors.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 9-Sep-2015
2015 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp 2015)
Android widgets may boost effectiveness of sleep-monitoring apps
An effective smartphone application should make data collection easy, but not so easy that the user forgets to access and reflect on that information, according to a team of researchers.
National Science Foundation, Intel Science and Technology Center for Pervasive Computing

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 9-Sep-2015
Physics Review Letters
Physicists catch a magnetic wave that offers promise for more energy-efficient computing
A team of physicists has taken pictures of a theorized but previously undetected magnetic wave, the discovery of which offers the potential to be an energy-efficient means to transfer data in consumer electronics.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, US Department of Energy

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2015
2015 ACM International Joint Conference on Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp 2015)
Battery-free smart camera nodes automatically determine their own pose and location
Scientists at Disney Research and the University of Washington have shown that a network of energy-harvesting sensor nodes equipped with onboard cameras can automatically determine each camera's pose and location using optical cues.
Intel Science and Technology Center for Pervasive Computing, Disney Corp., Google Faculty Research Award, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Liu
Disney Research

Public Release: 9-Sep-2015
Applications in Plant Sciences
Capturing introns: Targeting rapidly evolving regions of the genome for phylogenetics
Researchers have developed a technique to capture rapidly evolving genomic regions to understand evolutionary relationships among closely related species. Typically, studies use protein-coding genes, which evolve at a relatively slow rate. The current study, published in Applications in Plant Sciences, targets introns (the non-coding part of genes), which evolve at a much higher rate. Using publicly available genomic data, the technique was successfully tested on a recent, rapid radiation of plants in the Heuchera group.
American Society of Plant Taxonomists, National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grants program

Contact: Beth Parada
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 8-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A new factor in depression? Brain protein discovery could lead to better treatments
Low. Down. Less than normal. That's what the word depression means, and what people with depression often feel like. But sometimes, depression can mean too much of something -- as new research shows. The discovery, about a protein called fibroblast growth factor 9 or FGF9, goes against previous findings that depressed brains often have less of key components than non-depressed brains.
Pritzker Consortium, National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, National Institute of Mental Health, Hope for Depression Research Foundation

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 8-Sep-2015
Ocean waves may hold secret to efficient renewable energy
A National Science Foundation-funded UC researcher receives global recognition for improving methods to calculate electrical surface potential where air and water meet.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Robinette
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 8-Sep-2015
Trends in Cognitive Sciences
UW researchers are pioneering research on 'body maps' in babies' brains
Body maps, which show how certain parts of the brain correspond to the body's topography, have been studied extensively in adult humans and other primates. But University of Washington researchers are among the first scientists worldwide to study body maps in infants, which can provide crucial information about how babies develop a sense of their physical selves and their earliest social relationships.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Deborah Bach
University of Washington

Public Release: 8-Sep-2015
Clemson University researchers land $970,000 to develop clean water technology
A research team in Clemson University's College of Engineering and Science has received $970,000 to create new technology that could play a key role in providing safe water to a planet where one in six people still do not have access to it. Researchers will work toward developing the world's first computer models capable of testing the chemical coatings and geometric designs on membranes without having to create a prototype in the lab.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sapna Sarupria
Clemson University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2015
Nature Nanotechnology
Realizing carbon nanotube integrated circuits
A Northwestern University research team used newly developed, solution-based encapsulation layers to create air-stable, wafer-scale integrated circuits made from single-walled carbon nanotubes.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2015
Physical Review Letters
Untangling the mechanics of knots
Researchers at MIT and Pierre et Marie Curie University in Paris have analyzed the mechanical forces underpinning simple knots, and come up with a theory that describes how a knot's topology determines its mechanical forces.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 8-Sep-2015
Angewandte Chemie
Researchers find new clue to halting leukemia relapse
Rice researchers identify and validate a new molecular mechanism of action to overcome drug resistance in patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
National Institutes of Health, Robert A. Welch Foundation, National Science Foundation, Virginia and L.E. Simmons Family Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2015
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Reviving extinct Mediterranean forests, urban land-sparing, ocean noise pollution
Highlights from the September 2015 issue of Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment: Extinct Mediterranean forests of biblical times could return and thrive in warmer, drier future; getting a handle on ocean noise; large, continuous, green spaces (land-sparing) crucial for urban ecosystem services.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Liza Lester
202-833-8773 x211
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 8-Sep-2015
Nature Communications
Inspired by art, lightweight solar cells track the sun
Solar cells capture up to 40 percent more energy when they can track the sun across the sky, but conventional, motorized trackers are too heavy and bulky for pitched rooftops and vehicle surfaces.
National Science Foundation and NanoFlex Power Corporation

Contact: Katherine McAlpine
University of Michigan

Public Release: 7-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Paper tubes make stiff origami structures
From shipping and construction to outer space, origami could put a folded twist on structural engineering. Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Georgia Institute of Technology and the University of Tokyo have developed a new 'zippered tube' configuration that makes paper structures that are stiff enough to hold weight yet can fold flat for easy shipping and storage.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 7-Sep-2015
Nature Methods
Mathematical 'Gingko trees' reveal mutations in single cells that characterize diseases
Scientists at CSHL publish a new interactive analysis program called Gingko that reduces the uncertainty of single-cell analysis and provides a simple way to visualize patterns in copy number mutations across populations of cells. Detailed knowledge of CNVs can point to specific treatment regimens.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Starr Cancer Consortium, Breast Cancer Research Foundation, Simons Foundation, Susan G. Komen Foundation, Prostate Cancer Foundation, CSHL Cancer Center, WSBS

Contact: Peter Tarr
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Showing releases 426-450 out of 923.

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