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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 426-450 out of 810.

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Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Nature Photonics
New high-speed 3-D microscope -- SCAPE -- gives deeper view of living things
Columbia Engineering professor Elizabeth Hillman has developed SCAPE, a new microscope that images living things in 3-D at very high speeds. Her approach uses a simple, single-objective imaging geometry that requires no sample mounting or translation, making it possible to image freely moving living samples. SCAPE's ability to perform real-time 3-D imaging at cellular resolution in behaving organisms could be transformative for biomedical and neuroscience research.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Science Foundation, Human Frontier Science Program, Wallace H. Coulter Foundation, Dana Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@gmail.com
347-453-7408
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 16-Jan-2015
As Austin grows, so does its traffic woes
The Network Modeling Center is a group within The University of Texas at Austin's Center for Transportation Research that is working with city planners in Austin to address traffic issues in the city. The NMC worked with experts at the Texas Advanced Computing Center to create a web visualization tool to display their models and speed up the traffic simulation time. The group uses their information to support city planners and build an informed community in improving existing infrastructure and developing new proposals.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Faith Singer
faith@tacc.utexas.edu
512-232-5771
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 16-Jan-2015
Three nearly Earth-size planets found orbiting nearby star
NASA's Kepler Space Telescope has discovered a star with three planets only slightly larger than Earth. The outermost planet orbits in the 'Goldilocks' zone -- where surface temperatures could be moderate enough for liquid water and perhaps life to exist. The star ranks among the top 10 nearest stars known to have transiting planets. The star's close enough for astronomers to study the planets' atmospheres to determine if they could possibly be conducive to life.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Doug Carroll
dougcarroll@email.arizona.edu
520-621-9017
University of Arizona

Public Release: 16-Jan-2015
Nature Communications
Heart arrhythmias detected in deep-diving marine mammals
A new study of dolphins and seals shows that despite their remarkable adaptations to aquatic life, exercising while holding their breath remains a physiological challenge for marine mammals. The study, published Jan. 15 in Nature Communications, found a surprisingly high frequency of heart arrhythmias in bottlenose dolphins and Weddell seals during the deepest dives.
US Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Optica
Breakthrough lights up metamaterials
A City College of New York led-team has successfully demonstrated how to both enhance light emission and capture light from metamaterials embedded with light emitting nanocrystals. The breakthrough, headed by physicist Dr. Vinod Menon, could lead to a range of applications including ultrafast LEDs, nanoscale lasers and efficient single photon sources.
Army Research Office, National Science Foundation Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers program, Center for Photonic and Multiscale Nanomaterials

Contact: Vinod Menon
vmenon@ccny.cuny.edu
212-650-7443
City College of New York

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Shining a light on quantum dots measurement
Using the cadmium selenide quantum dot, researchers at Syracuse University collaborated to understand how protein corona forms and what is different about the quantum dot before and after the formation of the corona.
National Science Foundation, Syracuse University

Contact: Matt Wheeler
mrwheele@syr.edu
215-443-4777
Syracuse University

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Science
MIT team enlarges brain samples, making them easier to image
Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers have discovered a method that enlarges tissue samples by embedding them in a polymer that swells when water is added.
National Institutes of Health, New York Stem Cell Foundation, Jeremy and Joyce Wertheimer, National Science Foundation, Fannie and John Hertz Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Science
Rice-sized laser, powered one electron at a time, bodes well for quantum computing
Princeton University researchers have built a rice grain-sized microwave laser, or 'maser,' powered by single electrons that demonstrates the fundamental interactions between light and moving electrons. It is a major step toward building quantum-computing systems out of semiconductor materials.
National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency QuEST, Army Research Office, David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Plasma Processes and Polymers
Gold nanoparticles show promise for early detection of heart attacks
A novel colloidal gold test strip is demonstrating great potential for early detection of certain heart attacks. Researchers are developing the strip to test for cardiac troponin I (cTn-I); its level is several thousand times higher in patients experiencing myochardial infarctions. The new strip uses microplasma-generated gold nanoparticles. Compared to AuNPs produced by traditional chemical methods, the surfaces of thesenanoparticles attract more antibodies, which results in significantly higher detection sensitivity.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
kathleen.hamilton@nyu.edu
718-260-3792
New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Zootaxa
Undercover researchers expose new species of lizard for sale on Philippine black market
Amid the black-market pet trade in Manila, KU's Rafe Brown and colleagues discovered two species of water monitor lizard that previously were unknown to science.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M Lynch
brendan@ku.edu
785-864-8855
University of Kansas

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Science
Vaccine-induced CD4 T cells have adverse effect in a mouse model of infection
New findings demonstrate that vaccine-elicted CD4 T cells lead to overwhelming inflammatory response in mouse model of chronic infection.
National Institutes of Health, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Swiss National Science Foundation, European Research Council, Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Intramural Research Program

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
bprescot@bidmc.harvard.edu
617-667-7306
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Science
Charge instability detected across all types of copper-based superconductors
Superconductors made of copper-oxide ceramics called cuprates are capable of conducting electricity without resistance at record-high temperatures -- but still only at about one-third of room temperature. A phenomenon called charge ordering appears to compete with superconductivity and reduce the temperature at which cuprates demonstrate superconducting properties. The behavior, which had been previously observed in a class of cuprates known as hole-doped cuprates, has now been detected in electron-doped cuprate superconductors for the first time.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Robinson
abbyr@umd.edu
301-405-5845
University of Maryland

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Science
Study supports new explanation of gender gaps in academia
It isn't that women don't want to work long hours or can't compete in highly selective fields, and it isn't that they are less analytical than men, researchers report in a study of gender gaps in academia. It appears instead that women are underrepresented in academic fields whose practitioners put a lot of emphasis on the importance of being brilliant -- a quality many people assume women lack.
National Science Foundation, Spencer Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Science
Tiny plant fossils a window into Earth's landscape millions of years ago
A team led by the University of Washington has discovered a way to determine the tree cover and density of trees, shrubs and bushes in locations over time based on clues in the cells of plant fossils preserved in rocks and soil. Quantifying vegetation structure throughout time could shed light on how the Earth's ecosystems changed over millions of years.
National Science Foundation, Geological Society of America, University of Washington, Burke Museum

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 14-Jan-2015
Frontiers in Microbiology
New species discovered beneath ocean crust
Researchers have found a new species of sulfate-breathing microbes locked away in an aquifer that flows underneath the ocean floor.
National Science Foundation, NASA Astrobiology Institute

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 14-Jan-2015
ACS Nano
Carbon nanotube finding could lead to flexible electronics with longer battery life
University of Wisconsin-Madison materials engineers have made a significant leap toward creating higher-performance electronics with improved battery life -- and the ability to flex and stretch. The team has reported the highest-performing carbon nanotube transistors ever demonstrated. In addition to paving the way for improved consumer electronics, this technology could also have specific uses in industrial and military applications.
National Science Foundation, UW-Madison Center of Excellence for Materials Research and Innovation, US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation

Contact: Michael S. Arnold
msarnold@wisc.edu
608-262-3863
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 14-Jan-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Paradox revealed: Cues associated with infant abuse may help reduce stress in adult brain
Neurobiologists at New York University Langone Medical Center and elsewhere found a surprising and paradoxical effect of abuse-related cues in rat pups: those cues also can lower depressive-like behavior when the rat pups are fully grown. These properties may help shed light on why certain cues associated with early life abuse can sometimes reduce stress in those same individuals as adults.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David March
david.march@nyumc.org
212-404-3528
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine

Public Release: 14-Jan-2015
Nature
Chemical dial controls attraction between water-repelling molecules
A group of University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers has provided new insights on hydrophobic interactions within complex systems. In a study published today in the journal Nature, the researchers show how the nearby presence of polar substances can change the way the non-polar hydrophobic groups want to stick to each other.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicholas Abbott
abbott@engr.wisc.edu
608-265-5278
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 14-Jan-2015
Applied Materials and Interfaces
Atomic placement of elements counts for strong concrete
The forces that bind atoms and molecules can impact the strength of particulate materials like concrete. Rice University researchers carried out simulations to determine how the atomic placement of elements in concrete can be tuned to maximize its mechanical properties.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, IBM Shared University Research Award

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 14-Jan-2015
Ecology and Society
Sustainability challenged as many renewable resources max out
The days of assuming natural resources can be swapped in and out to solve shortages -- corn for oil, soy for beef -- may be over. An international group of scientists demonstrate that many key resources have peaked in productivity, pointing to the sobering conclusion that 'renewable' is not synonymous with 'unlimited.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sue Nichols
Nichols@msu.edu
517-432-0206
Michigan State University

Public Release: 14-Jan-2015
Environmental Science & Technology
New contaminants found in oil and gas wastewater
Duke University scientists have documented high levels of two potentially hazardous contaminants, ammonium and iodide, in wastewater being discharged into area streams and rivers from oil and gas operations in Pennsylvania. Levels of contamination were just as high in wastewater coming from conventional oil and gas wells as from hydraulically fractured shale gas wells.
National Science Foundation, Park Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 13-Jan-2015
Applied Materials and Interfaces
Crush those clinkers while they're hot
Clinkers pulverized to make cement should be processed right out of the kiln to save the most energy. The environmentally friendly advice is the result of a computational study by scientists at Rice University.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 13-Jan-2015
Lab on a Chip
New device allows for manipulation of differentiating stem cells
A new device developed by researchers at Northwestern University creates nanopores in adherent cell membranes, allowing researchers to deliver molecules directly into the cells during differentiation.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 13-Jan-2015
Royal Society Open Science
Men want commitment when women are scarce
The sexual stereotype, in line with evolutionary theory, is that women want commitment and men want lots of flings. But a study of the Makushi people in Guyana shows the truth is more complex, with men more likely to seek long-term relationships when women are in short supply.
National Science Foundation, Wenner-Gren Foundation

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
lee.siegel@utah.edu
801-244-5399
University of Utah

Public Release: 13-Jan-2015
PeerJ
Sizing up giants under the sea
Researchers sifted through multiple datasets and historical records to produce more accurate and comprehensive measurements for 25 species including the blue whale, giant squid, and great white shark. The team, comprised of a mix of scientists and students, also utilized social media to promote the research and reach potential collaborators from across the world.
National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicole Duncan
nicole.duncan@nescent.org
919-668-7993
National Evolutionary Synthesis Center (NESCent)

Showing releases 426-450 out of 810.

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