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Back to EurekAlert! A Service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 426-450 out of 931.

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Public Release: 9-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers find way to make metals stronger without sacrificing ductility
Materials science researchers have developed a technique to make titanium stronger without sacrificing any of the metal's ductility -- a combination that no one has achieved before. The researchers believe the technique could also be used for other metals, and the advance has potential applications for creating more energy-efficient vehicles.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 6-Nov-2015
Positive emotions more contagious than negative ones on Twitter
New study shows that emotions spread like a virus through Twitter; some people are more susceptible than others to this 'emotional contagion;' positive emotions are much more contagious than negative ones.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 6-Nov-2015
Tomatoes get boost in growth, antioxidants from nano-sized nutrients
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis are using nano-sized nutrients to boost production of food without straining natural resources.
Lopata Endowment, National Science Foundation

Contact: Erika Ebsworth-Goold
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 6-Nov-2015
When less is really more
ETH researchers have found that therapeutic iron supplements may be less effective when given in brief intervals: A peptide molecule blocks iron absorption in the intestine even 24 hours after the iron administation.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Laboratory of Human Nutrition ETH Zurich

Contact: Dr. Diego Moretti
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 5-Nov-2015
UCI-led study offers model to predict how microbiomes may respond to change
Scientists studying microbiomes have created a framework for predicting how the composition of these complex microbial communities may respond to changing conditions.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, US Army Research Office

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 5-Nov-2015
The astounding genome of the dinoflagellate
Dinoflagellates live free-floating in the ocean or symbiotically with corals, serving up -- or as -- lunch to a host of mollusks, tiny fish and coral species. But when conditions are wrong, dinoflagellates poison shellfish beds with red tides and abandon coral reefs to a slow, bleached death. Globally, this is happening more and more often. Seeking answers, a team of researchers sequenced the complete genome of a dinoflagellate species for the first time.
Natural Science Foundation of China, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Kim Krieger
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 5-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study: Ground-level ozone reduces maize and soybean yields
Despite government regulations, ground-level ozone -- an odorless gas that forms as polluting nitrogen oxides drift in sunlight across the countryside -- continues to threaten crop quality and yield. In a new study, researchers quantify this loss from historical yield data for the first time. They show that over the last 30 years, ozone emissions have reduced soybean and corn yields by 5 percent and 10 percent, respectively.
National Science Foundation, University of Illinois

Contact: Sarah Banducci, News Bureau intern
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 5-Nov-2015
Geological Society of America's 2015 Annual Meeting & Expositon
Climate change is moving mountains, research says
UC research points to strong interaction between climate shifts and increased internal movement in the North American St. Elias Mountain Range.
National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation

Contact: Tom Robinette
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 5-Nov-2015
Current Biology
Watching a memory form
Neuroscientists at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science have discovered a novel mechanism for memory formation. Voltage-sensitive dye imaging of the swim motor program of the sea slug Tritonia reveals that some neurons possess characteristics that predispose them to join neural networks in which learning is taking place. The findings represent a shift from the field's long-term focus on synaptic plasticity.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Judy Masterson
Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science

Public Release: 5-Nov-2015
It's a beauty: JILA's quantum crystal is now more valuable
Physicists at JILA have made their 'quantum crystal' of ultracold molecules more valuable than ever by packing about five times more molecules into it. The denser crystal will help scientists unlock the secrets of magnets and other, more exotic materials.
National Institute of Standards and Technology, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Laura Ost
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Shape of bird wings depends on ancestors more than flight style
In a finding that could change the way scientists think about bird evolution, researchers have found that the shape of bird wings is influenced more by how closely related species are to one another than by flight style. The research challenges scientific beliefs that assume the way a bird species flies -- whether it primarily dives, glides or flaps, for instance -- plays the primary role in the evolution of its wing shape.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Monica Kortsha
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Study of cloud cover in tropical Pacific reveals future climate changes
A new analysis using changes in cloud cover over the tropical Indo-Pacific Ocean showed that a weakening of a major atmospheric circulation system over the last century is due, in part, to increased greenhouse gas emissions. The findings from researchers at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science provide new evidence that climate change in the tropical Pacific will result in changes in rainfall patterns in the region and amplify warming near the equator in the future.
NSF/Climate and Large Scaled Dynamics, NOAA/Climate Program Office, DOE/Biological and Environmental Research

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
Geological Society of America's 2015 Annual Meeting & Expositon
Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Supervolcanoes likely triggered externally, study finds
Supervolcanoes, massive eruptions with potential global consequences, appear not to follow the conventional volcano mechanics of internal pressure building until the volcano blows. Instead, a new study finds, such massive magma chambers might erupt when the roof above them cracks or collapses.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
Environmental Science & Technology Letters
Study shows some 3-D printed objects are toxic
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have found parts produced by some commercial 3-D printers are toxic to certain fish embryos. Their results have raised questions about how to dispose of parts and waste materials from 3-D printers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
GSA 2015 Annual Meeting & Exposition
Nature Scientific Reports
Newly discovered fossil sea urchin is the oldest of its kind
A fossil sea urchin found in the Smithsonian's collections is the oldest of its kind, pushing back a fork in the sea urchin family tree by 10 million years.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
OU collaborating in NSF South Big Data Regional Innovation Hub
The University of Oklahoma will play an active role in the South Big Data Regional Innovation Hub -- a new National Science Foundation initiative to build innovative public-private partnerships that address regional challenges with big data analysis. The South Big Data Regional Innovation Hub, led by the Georgia Institute of Technology and the University of North Carolina's Renaissance Computing Institute, serves Oklahoma and 15 other states as well as the District of Columbia.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jana Smith
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
Psychological Science
Math anxiety doesn't equal poor math performance
Experiencing math anxiety -- nervousness and discomfort in relation to math -- impairs math performance for some students, but new research shows that it's linked with improved performance for others, at least to a degree. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
Comparative Physiology A
NSF-funded research reveals new discoveries on a bug with bifocals
Researchers announce findings from the first-of-its-kind analysis on an invertebrate sight system.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dawn Fuller
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
Student scientists, dusty data, and dirty discoveries
Students participating in a revolutionary virtual class leveraged previously unanalyzed pilot data from the National Ecological Observation Network. The class developed a scheme of analyzing effects of geography and temperature on soil bacteria communities in four different biomes. The group determined that key properties, such as soil temperature, soil chemistry and vegetation, could explain most variation in soil bacteria across the four biomes. The project resulted in a student-authored research paper published in PLOS ONE.
National Science Foundation, National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: Rachel Gallery
University of Arizona

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
PLOS Medicine
Relapsing infections could challenge malaria eradication
Eliminating malaria in the Asia-Pacific could prove more challenging than previously thought, with new research showing that most childhood malaria infections in endemic areas are the result of relapsed, not new, infections.
TransEPI Consortium, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, National Health and Medical Research Council, Swiss National Science Foundation, Cellex Foundation, and others

Contact: Liz Williams
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute

Public Release: 4-Nov-2015
Journal of Experimental Biology
Kangaroos are not super low gas producers
Kangaroos have been proposed as a low-methane alternative to cattle, however, it now turns out that kangaroos produce as much methane as many other herbivores that digest food by fermentation, so there is nothing special about kangaroo methane production.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathryn Knight
The Company of Biologists

Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
Electrical engineer's work may signal better wireless connections
The National Science Foundation has awarded more than $2 million to support three projects by electrical engineering professor Dr. Aria Nosratinia and his scientific collaborators.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Chaz lIlly
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
The new wave in wireless communication
UCSB researchers take aim at the potential bottleneck created by the flood of shared multimedia content on wireless networks.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sonia Fernandez
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
Latin American Antiquity
CU-Boulder study: Ancient Salvadoran village buried by ash freezes daily life in time
A continuing look at a Maya village in El Salvador frozen in time by a blanket of volcanic ash 1,400 years ago shows the farming families who lived there went about their daily lives with virtually no strong-arming by the elite royalty lording over the valley.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Payson Sheets
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 3-Nov-2015
Nature Communications
Scientists discover secret to highly efficient swimming in some animals, such as jellyfish
Previous studies have shown that jellyfish and eels can move using very low amounts of energy. In fact, these ocean denizens can go from point A to point B using less energy than any other swimmer, runner or flier ever measured. However the secret behind such amazing energetic efficiency has remained a mystery, until now. A team of scientists has revealed that these marine animals do something completely unexpected when they swim.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Brad Gemmell
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Showing releases 426-450 out of 931.

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