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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 451-475 out of 897.

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Public Release: 4-Feb-2016
Journal of Technology Transfer
'On-ramping' paves the way for women scientists, engineers to return to academia
Pursuing scientific or engineering careers in industry, government or private research after getting a Ph.D. used to be considered a one-way ticket out of academia. But new University of Washington research finds numerous benefits -- to students, researchers and academic institutions looking to diversify their faculty -- in making that return trip easier.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
University of Washington

Public Release: 4-Feb-2016
Scientists map movement of Greenland Ice during past 9,000 years
Scientists have created the first map that shows how the Greenland Ice Sheet has moved over time, revealing that ice in the interior is moving more slowly toward the edges than it has, on average, during the past 9,000 years.
NSF/Arctic Natural Sciences Program, Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets, NASA/Operation IceBridge

Contact: Anton Caputo
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 4-Feb-2016
Cell Stem Cell
How gut inflammation sparks colon cancer
Duke biomedical engineers have shown how colon cancer development is intricately linked to a specific microRNA that dictates how cells divide. The new study points to a link between chronic gut inflammation and an increased risk of colon cancer. That link could not only serve as an early warning signal of colon cancer, but potentially be harnessed to counteract advanced forms of the disease, the second-largest cause of cancer death in the US.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, New York State Stem Cell Science, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 4-Feb-2016
PLOS Computational Biology
Individuals' medical histories predicted by their noncoding genomes, Stanford study finds
Identifying mutations in the control switches of genes can be a surprisingly accurate way to predict a person's medical history, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have found.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford Graduate Fellowship, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

Contact: Krista Conger
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Smithsonian scientists discover butterfly-like fossil insect in the deep Mesozoic
Large butterfly-like insects known as Kalligrammatid lacewings, which fluttered through Eurasian fern- and cycad-filled woodland during the Mesozoic Era, have been extinct for more than 120 million years. But with new fossil analyses, scientists at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History have discovered that these ancient lacewings were surprisingly similar to modern butterflies, which did not appear on Earth for another 50 million years.
National Basic Research Program of China, National Science Foundation of China, Beijing Municipal Commission of Education

Contact: Ryan Lavery

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
PLOS Genetics
Same switches program taste and smell in fruit flies
A Duke study helps explain how fruit flies get their keen sense of smell. Researchers have identified a set of genetic control switches that interact early in a fly's development to generate dozens of types of specialized nerve cells for smell. The findings could reveal how the nervous systems of other animals -- including humans, whose brains have billions of neurons -- produce a dazzling array of cell types from just a few genes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
IUPUI chemist receives $1.1 million for research, training of future minority researchers
Supported by an NSF CAREER award, Lisa M. Jones of IUPUI is developing a novel approach to study of cell membrane proteins in their native cellular environment -- work fundamental to gaining a better understanding of protein misfolding, which has been linked to life-limiting human diseases including cystic fibrosis. Her work provides state-of-the-art research training for undergraduate students from historically black colleges and universities as well as both undergraduate and graduate students from IUPUI.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Indiana University paleobotanist plays role in discovery of 'Jurassic butterflies'
IU paleobotanist David Dilcher is a co-author on a study out today in the Proceedings of the Royal Society: B that identifies a Jurassic age insect whose behavior and appearance closely mimic a butterfly -- but whose emergence on Earth predates the butterfly by about 40 million years.
National Basic Research Program of China, National Science Foundation of China, National Institutes of Health, Swedish National Space Board

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
APL Materials
Researchers discover new phase of boron nitride and a new way to create pure c-BN
Researchers have discovered a new phase of the material boron nitride, which has potential applications for both manufacturing tools and electronic displays. The researchers have also developed a new technique for creating cubic boron nitride (c-BN) at ambient temperatures and air pressure, which has a suite of applications, including the development of advanced power grid technologies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Phosphine as a superconductor? Sure, but the story may be complicated
Phosphine, one of the newest materials to be named a superconductor, was reported in 2015 to exhibit superconductivity when squeezed under high pressure in a diamond vice. Now, a different group of researchers is providing insight into what may have happened to the phosphine as it underwent this intense compression.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Carnegie/DOE Alliance Center/DOE-National Nuclear Security Administration

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Wayne State chemistry professor earns NSF CAREER Award to examine unusual chemical structure
Wayne State University's Jennifer Stockdill, Ph.D., assistant professor of chemistry in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, has been awarded a $650,000 National Science Foundation (NSF) Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award. Her research will advance understanding of reactions that form novel chemical structures.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Physical Review Letters
Galactic center's gamma rays unlikely to originate from dark matter, evidence shows
Studies by two independent groups from the US and the Netherlands have found that gamma ray signals from the inner galaxy come from a new source rather than from the collision of dark matter particles. The new source is likely to be rapidly rotating pulsars, rather than the as-yet undetected invisible dark matter particles thought to make up 85 percent of the mass in the Universe.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Scripps-led team discovers 4 new deep-sea worm species
In the Feb. 4 issue of the journal Nature, the Scripps-led researcher team describes four newly discovered species living near deep-sea cold seeps, hydrothermal vents, and whale carcasses off the coasts of California and Mexico. The new discoveries have allowed the scientists to finally stabilize the placement of the five species, all in the genus Xenoturbella, on the animal tree of life.
David and Lucile Packard Foundation, NSF/Assembling the Tree of Life Program

Contact: Mario Aguilera
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Research may explain mysterious deep earthquakes in subduction zones
Geologists from Brown University may have finally explained what triggers certain earthquakes that occur deep beneath the Earth's surface in subduction zones, regions where one tectonic plate slides beneath another. The researchers have shown strong evidence that water squeezed out of a mineral called lawsonite could trigger these mysterious quakes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Nature Plants
Organic agriculture key to feeding the world sustainably
Washington State University researchers have concluded that feeding a growing global population with sustainability goals in mind is possible. Their review of hundreds of published studies provides evidence that organic farming can produce sufficient yields, be profitable for farmers, protect and improve the environment and be safer for farm workers.
National Science Foundation, USDA/National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: John Reganold
Washington State University

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Project embeds computer science lessons in math instruction for K-5 students
A two-year project funded by the National Science Foundation is laying the groundwork for meeting society's growing demand for citizens literate in computer science by integrating computing with elementary school mathematics -- an approach that holds promise for democratizing access to computer science education and promoting diversity within the U.S. technology workforce. The project is a collaborative partnership among researchers at the University of Illinois, the University of Chicago, and faculty and students at Champaign Unit 4 Schools.
National Science Foundation STEM+C

Contact: Sharita Forrest
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Study shows North Atlantic Ocean CO2 storage doubled over last decade
A University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science-led study shows that the North Atlantic absorbed 100 percent more man-made carbon dioxide over the last decade, compared to the previous decade. The findings show the impact that the burning of fossil fuels have had on the world's oceans in just 10 years.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
U-Idaho researchers: The US must address the 'wicked problem' of wildfire
The United States must make preparing for and adapting to wildfire a top national priority, says a team of University of Idaho researchers and their international partners in a paper published today in the journal BioScience. The researchers issued a call for academia, government agencies, industries and communities to work together to address wildfire because it is a 'wicked problem' -- one so complex that a one-size-fits-all solution does not exist.
National Science Foundation, NASA, NSF/Idaho EPSCoR, NSF/Alaska EPSCoR

Contact: Tara Roberts
University of Idaho

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
International genome research partnership uncovers bed bug resistance to pesticides
A comprehensive analysis of the bed bug genome finds that their hardy makeup is all in the genes.
National Human Genome Research Institute, Blanton J. Whitmire Endowment, Housing and Urban Development, National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Dawn Fuller
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
Researchers sequence bedbug genome, find unique features
The word bedbug conjures fear and loathing. Now, the genome sequence of the common bedbug reveals the mechanisms behind the pest's ability to resist insecticides and to mitigate rough sexual insemination practices, among other characteristics.
US Department of Housing and Urban Development, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation, NC State's Blanton J. Whitmire endowment

Contact: Coby Schal
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
Bed bug genome uncovers biology of a pest on the rebound
Purdue University researchers participated in a multi-institute project that sequenced the genome of the common bed bug, a blood-sucking insect that has reemerged globally as a hardy pest capable of withstanding most major classes of insecticides.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, Blanton J. Whitmore Endowment, US Department of Housing and Urban Development, National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Royal Society of New Zealand Marsden Fast

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
Purdue University

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Antiperspirant alters the microbial ecosystem on your skin
Wearing antiperspirant or deodorant doesn't just affect your social life, it substantially changes the microbial life that lives on you. New research finds that antiperspirant and deodorant can significantly influence both the type and quantity of bacterial life found in the human armpit's 'microbiome.'
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
A uniter and a divider
A USC-led study of moral values reveals issues related to purity can determine how close -- or how far -- we want to be with someone in social and political circles.
NSF/Interdisciplinary Behavioral and Social Sciences

Contact: Emily Gersema
University of Southern California

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Living a 'mixotrophic' lifestyle
Some tiny plankton may have big effect on ocean's carbon storage.
Simons Foundation, The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, NASA, and National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Disruptions to embryonic reprogramming alter adult mouse behavior
When the process of epigenetic reprogramming is defective in mouse development, the consequences in adulthood can include abnormal repetitive behaviors, Emory scientists have shown.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute for Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Showing releases 451-475 out of 897.

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