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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 451-475 out of 914.

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Public Release: 3-Sep-2015
NSF awards maximum support to Iowa State-based Center for Biorenewable Chemicals
The National Science Foundation has awarded full and final funding to the NSF Engineering Research Center for Biorenewable Chemicals based at Iowa State. That funding will total $35.26 million over 10 years. Center leaders say the program has quickly built a legacy of innovation in research, technology-led entrepreneurship and education.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brent Shanks
Iowa State University

Public Release: 3-Sep-2015
Journal of Chemical Physics
Microscopic animals inspire innovative glass research
When Juan de Pablo and his collaborators set about to explain unusual peaks in what should have been featureless optical data, they thought there was a problem in their calculations. In fact, what they were seeing was real. The peaks were an indication of molecular order in a material thought to be entirely amorphous and random: their experiments had produced a new kind of glass.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Steve Koppes
University of Chicago

Public Release: 3-Sep-2015
PLOS Computational Biology
In analyzing a scene, we make the easiest judgments first
Psychologists have hypothesized that when we try to understand the scenery we see, we begin by assessing some preordained priorities. A new study questions that idea by providing evidence that people simply make the easiest distinctions first.
National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Office of Naval Research, Brown University

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
Zooplankton study could bridge gap between ecology and evolution
UT Arlington biologist Matthew Walsh hopes to bridge the gap between ecology and evolution through his study of zooplankton in more than 20 lakes in Alaska and Wisconsin.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bridget Lewis
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
Chemical Geology
Only above-water microbes play a role in cave development
Only the microbes located above the water's surface contribute to the development of hydrogen-sulfide-rich caves, suggests an international team of researchers. Since 2004, researchers have been studying the Frasassi cave system, an actively developing limestone cave system located 1500 feet underground in central Italy.
National Science Foundation, NASA Astrobiology Institute, Max-Planck Society

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
Decade-long Amazon rainforest burn yields new insight into wildfires
The longest and largest controlled burn experiment ever conducted in the Amazon rainforest has yielded new insight into the ways that tropical forests succumb to -- and bounce back from -- large-scale wildfires, according to new research co-authored by a University of Colorado Boulder professor.
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Packard Foundation, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Balch
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
Foundations of Digital Games Conference
Artificial intelligence authors crowdsourced interactive fiction
Georgia Institute of Technology researchers have developed a new artificially intelligent system that crowdsources plots for interactive stories, which are popular in video games and let players choose different branching story options.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Preston
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Evidence that Earth's first mass extinction was caused by critters not catastrophe
The Earth's first mass extinction event 540 million years ago was caused not by a meteorite impact or volcanic super-eruption but by the rise of early animals that dramatically changed the prehistoric environment.
Connaught Foundation, National Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada, NASA Astrobiology Institute, National Geographic Society, National Science Foundation

Contact: David F. Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
UM scientist earns grant to study carbon across North America
University of Montana researcher Ashley Ballantyne recently was awarded a nearly $300,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to study ecosystem carbon production and consumption across North America.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leana Schelvan
The University of Montana

Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
Environmental Science & Technology
Radioactive contaminants found in coal ash
A Duke University-led study has found radioactive contaminants in coal ash from all three major US coal-producing basins. Levels of radioactivity in the ash were five to eight times higher than in normal soil or in the parent coal itself. This finding raises concerns about the environmental and human health risks posed by coal ash, which currently is unregulated and is stored in coal-fired power plants' holding ponds and landfills nationwide.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
IU researchers lead $1.2 million effort to unlock economic potential of maker movement
Indiana University researchers have received $1.2 million from the National Science Foundation to study maker movements, repair collectives and 'hackerspaces' in the Midwest and Asia as a potential a driver of the US economy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
UMass Amherst to train students in use of soft materials for life sciences
Polymer scientist Kenneth Carter, who co-directs the program with colleague Gregory Tew, says the NRT will engage 74 students over five years in polymer science and engineering, immunology, food science and several engineering fields. One goal is to explore new models for graduate education.
National Science Foundation National Research Traineeship program

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
Nature Communications
Ancient cold period could provide clues about future climate change
Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin have found that a well-known period of abrupt climate change 12,000 years ago occurred rapidly in northern latitudes but much more gradually in equatorial regions, a discovery that could prove important for understanding and responding to future climate change.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Monica Kortsha
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
CT scan of Earth links deep mantle plumes with volcanic hotspots
Geophysicists have detected plumes of hot rock rising through the mantle from the core-mantle boundary, and hypothesized that they remain stationary for millions of years, generating volcanic island chains as the crust moves over them. UC Berkeley and Berkeley Lab scientists now have proof of this connection, after using seismic waves from large earthquakes to map Earth's interior to obtain a CT scan of the mantle. The plumes are much fatter than expected.
National Science Foundation, European Research Council

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 2-Sep-2015
Fire in the Amazon
A six-year controlled burn experiment in the Amazon reveals a forest that is initially resilient to fires but vulnerable in the face of drought and repeated fire, which produced high tree mortality and encouraged grassland incursion. These effects could lead to greater fire severity and reduced carbon storage.
National Science Foundation, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Contact: James Verdier
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 1-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Explaining crocodiles in Wyoming
Fifty million years ago, crocodiles lived from Wyoming to southern Canada. How the region stayed temperate winter months has long eluded scientists. Recently, those same high-latitude regions in North America are warming much faster than the rest of the world. Harvard researchers suggest that increased amounts of low clouds in the Arctic, due to rising temperatures, could amplify winter warming in high-latitude regions. This mechanism offers a possible explanation to past and future continental warming.
NOAA Climate and Global Change Postdoctoral Fellowship, Harvard University Center for the Environment, National Science Foundation

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 1-Sep-2015
How wind sculpted Earth's largest dust deposit
China's Loess Plateau was formed by wind alternately depositing dust or removing dust over the last 2.6 million years. The new study is the first to explain how the steep-fronted plateau formed, said lead author Paul Kapp of the University of Arizona. Wind blew dust from what is now the Mu Us Desert into the huge pile of consolidated dust known as the Loess Plateau. The plateau is the size of the state of Arizona.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mari N. Jensen
University of Arizona

Public Release: 1-Sep-2015
New UT Arlington-developed product could help concepts become working apps
A team of researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington has developed a computer program to automatically create a working app from an artist's concepts. The product, called PixeltoApp, may soon enter the marketplace, aided by a National Science Foundation I-Corps grant.
National Science Foundation I-Corps

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 1-Sep-2015
Oxygen oasis in Antarctic lake reflects Earth in the distant past
At the bottom of a frigid Antarctic lake, a thin layer of green slime is generating a little oasis of oxygen, a team including UC Davis researchers has found. It's the first modern replica discovered of conditions on Earth two and a half billion years ago, before oxygen became common in the atmosphere. The discovery is reported in a paper in the journal Geology.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Andy Fell
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 1-Sep-2015
Dogs, cats, and big-wave surfers: Healthy heart lessons from animals and athletes
For over 30 years, Terrie Williams has been studying exercise physiology in animals: African lions and wild dogs, dolphins and whales, coyotes and mountain lions, as well as a few human athletes. She has put mountain lions on treadmills and strapped heart-rate monitors onto big-wave surfers at Mavericks. These studies have given Williams a unique perspective on exercise and health, which she presents in an article titled 'The Healthy Heart: Lessons from Nature's Elite Athletes.'
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 1-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Penn and German researchers help identify neural basis of multitasking
By studying networks of activity in the brain's frontal cortex, researchers have shown that the degree to which these networks reconfigure themselves while switching from task to task predicts people's cognitive flexibility.
MacArthur Foundation, Sloan Foundation, Army Research Laboratory, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Science Foundation, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Innovative Medicines Initiative Joint Undertaking

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 1-Sep-2015
Nature Communications
Climate change will irreversibly force key ocean bacteria into overdrive
The levels of ocean acidification predicted for the year 2100 have been shown to cause an irreversible evolutionary change to a bacteria foundational to the ocean's food web.
National Science Foundation and G.B. Moore Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 1-Sep-2015
Scientific Reports
Water heals a bioplastic
A drop of water self-heals a multiphase polymer derived from the genetic code of squid ring teeth, which may someday extend the life of medical implants, fiber-optic cables and other hard to repair in place objects, according to an international team of researchers.
Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation, Walter Ahlström Foundation, Academy of Finland, the National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 1-Sep-2015
IEEE Energy Conversion Congress & Expo
New technique lowers cost of energy-efficient embedded computer systems
Electrical and computer engineers have developed a new technique for creating less-expensive, low-power embedded systems -- the computing devices found in everything from thermostats to automobiles.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-Sep-2015
Metabolic Engineering
'Bacterial litmus test' provides inexpensive measurement of micronutrients
A bacterium engineered to produce different pigments in response to varying levels of a micronutrient in blood samples could give health officials an inexpensive way to detect nutritional deficiencies in resource-limited areas of the world. This 'bacterial litmus test,' which currently measures levels of zinc, would require no electrical equipment and make results visible as simple color changes.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Showing releases 451-475 out of 914.

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