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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 451-475 out of 807.

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Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
New device to change how Florida monitors sea level rise, water quality and hurricanes
Small wireless computing devices, ranging from the size of a matchbox to the size of a dime are going to change the way Florida monitors its water quality, sea level rise, hurricanes, agriculture, aquaculture, and even its aging senior population.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gisele Galoustian
ggaloust@fau.edu
561-297-2676
Florida Atlantic University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Nature
Global warming to increase ocean upwelling, but fisheries impact uncertain
A report to be published Thursday in the journal Nature suggests that global warming may increase upwelling in several ocean current systems around the world by the end of this century, especially at high latitudes, and will cause major changes in marine biodiversity.
Northeastern University, National Science Foundation

Contact: Bruce Menge
mengeb@science.oregonstate.edu
541-737-5358
Oregon State University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Psychoneuroendocrinology
How stress can lead to inequality
How does stress affect our self-confidence when we compete? An EPFL study shows how stress could actually be both a consequence and a cause of social and economic inequality, affecting our ability to compete and make financial decisions.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Science
New solder for semiconductors creates technological possibilities
A research team led by the University of Chicago's Dmitri Talapin has demonstrated how semiconductors can be soldered and still deliver good electronic performance.
II-VI Foundation, Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Keck Foundation.

Contact: Steve Koppes
skoppes@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
UM Rosenstiel School professor receives $2.5 million to study Agulhas Current
Scientists at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science received a $2.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to conduct a climate research study off the coast of South Africa.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Development Economics
Study: Manufacturing growth can benefit Bangladeshi women workers
The life of a Bangladeshi garment factory worker is not an easy one. But new research from the University of Washington indicates that access to such factory jobs can improve the lives of young Bangladeshi women -- motivating them to stay in school and lowering their likelihood of early marriage and childbirth.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Kelley
kellep@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
High-powered X-ray laser unlocks mechanics of pain relief without addiction
Scientists have solved the structure of a bifunctional peptide bound to a neuroreceptor that offers pain relief without addiction.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Science Foundation, and others

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Cell Stem Cell
State funding boosts stem cell research in California, other states
A new study analyzed stem cell funding programs in four states and found that in both California and Connecticut, state programs have contributed to an increase in the share of publications in the field produced in these states.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brett Israel
brett.israel@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-1933
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Nucleic Acids Research
Synthetic biology yields new approach to gene therapy
Bioengineers at the University of Texas at Dallas have created a novel gene-delivery system that shuttles a gene into a cell, but only for a temporary stay, providing a potential new gene-therapy strategy for treating disease. The approach offers distinct advantages over other types of gene therapies currently under investigation, said Richard Taplin Moore, a doctoral student in bioengineering and lead author of a study describing the new technique.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
amanda.siegfried@utdallas.edu
972-883-4335
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Wireless communications research at University of Akron inspired by ear of insect
What is being done to keep smartphones sleek, speedy, and powered up? The answer could lie in an insect's ear. With the help of an award of $400,000 from the NSF, engineers at The University of Akron are testing electrically small biomimetic antenna arrays inspired by one of the most sensitive auditory systems in the animal world: the ear of a fly. Research aims to reduce inter-antenna spacing of mobile devices without degrading performance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Craig
lmc91@uakron.edu
330-972-7429
University of Akron

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
The ISME Journal: Multidisciplinary Journal of Microbial Ecology
Study details impact of Deepwater Horizon oil on beach microbial communities
Using advanced genomic identification techniques, researchers studying the impact of the Deepwater Horizon spill on communities of beach microbes saw a succession of organisms and identified population changes in specific organisms that marked the progress of the oil's breakdown.
National Science Foundation, BP/Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative to the Deep-C Consortium

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Astrophysical Journal Letters
A close call of 0.8 light years
A group of astronomers from the US, Europe, Chile and South Africa have determined that 70,000 years ago a recently discovered dim star is likely to have passed through the solar system's distant cloud of comets, the Oort Cloud. No other star is known to have ever approached our solar system this close - five times closer than the current closest star, Proxima Centauri.
National Science Foundation, National Research Foundation of South Africa

Contact: Leonor Sierra
lsierra@ur.rochester.edu
585-276-6264
University of Rochester

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
New insight into how brain performs 'mental time travel'
A new brain mapping study pinpoints the areas of the brain responsible for 'mental time travel.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Tadpole model links drug exposure to autism-like effects
In utero exposure to the epilepsy drug VPA appears to elevate the risk to babies of developing an autism spectrum disorder. A new Brown University study used a tadpole model to investigate VPA's effects on developing neural physiology and behavior. Researchers now hope to use the model to develop an intervention and to learn more about the underlying causes of neurodevelopmental disorders more broadly.
NIH/National Eye Institute, National Science Foundation, Brown University

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 16-Feb-2015
IIMB Management Review
Terror attacks offer insights for first responders
When terrorists strike, emergency workers who have the proper training, information access and a positive work environment will make better decisions, according to research from the University at Buffalo School of Management.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Manne
kjmanne@buffalo.edu
716-645-5238
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 16-Feb-2015
Applied Physics Letters
Building a more versatile frequency comb
Northwestern University researchers developed a room temperature frequency comb with increased power based on quantum cascade lasers.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Homeland Security, Naval Air Systems Command, NASA

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 16-Feb-2015
Nature Materials
Researchers synthesize material for efficient plasmonic devices in mid-infrared range
A research team led by North Carolina State University has identified and synthesized a material that can be used to create efficient plasmonic devices that respond to light in the mid-infrared range. This is the first time anyone has demonstrated a material that performs efficiently in response to this light range, and it has applications in fields ranging from high-speed computers, to solar energy to biomedical devices.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 15-Feb-2015
2015 AAAS Annual Meeting
Proceedings of the Association for Computational Linguistics
Test your tweet skills with new website created by Cornell scientists
Using automated text analysis, Cornell University researchers have identified an array of features that can make a tweet more likely to get attention, and have created a website that will predict which version of a tweet will be more popular.
National Science Foundation, Google

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
vpk6@cornell.edu
607-255-7701
Cornell University

Public Release: 13-Feb-2015
Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Structure-based design used as tool for engineering deimmunized biotherapeutics
In the first experimental use of algorithms that employ structure-based molecular modeling to optimize deimmunized drug candidates, Dartmouth researchers complement their prior sequence-based deimmunizing algorithms and expand the tool kit of protein engineering technologies to use in next generation drug development.
National Institutes of Health, Luce Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kirk Cassels
kirk.A.Cassels@Hitchcock.org
603-653-6177
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 13-Feb-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Female pumas kill more, eat less when humans are near, UC Santa Cruz study finds
Female pumas kill more prey but consume less when their territories bump into human development, University of California Santa Cruz researchers report in a new study based on monitoring more than two dozen pumas in the Santa Cruz Mountains.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Nature Conservancy, Midpeninsula Regional Open Space District, University of California Santa Cruz, Felidae Conservation Fund

Contact: Guy Lasnier
lasnier@ucsc.edu
831-459-2955
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 13-Feb-2015
American Naturalist
Distant species produce love child after 60 million year breakup
A delicate woodland fern discovered in the mountains of France is the love child of two distantly-related groups of plants that haven't interbred in 60 million years, genetic analyses show. Reproducing after such a long evolutionary breakup is akin to an elephant hybridizing with a manatee, or a human with a lemur, the researchers say.
National Science Foundation, Duke University, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 13-Feb-2015
2015 AAAS Annual Meeting
Larger area analysis needed to understand patterns in ancient prehistory
Archaeologists need to study larger areas of land and link those studies to measurable environmental, societal and demographic changes to understand variations in prehistoric societies, according to Penn State anthropologists. The large areas are necessary to say anything meaningful about human behavioral response to social and environmental events.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 13-Feb-2015
Applied Physics Letters
Researchers glimpse distortions in atomic structure of materials
Researchers from North Carolina State University are using a technique they developed to observe minute distortions in the atomic structure of complex materials, shedding light on what causes these distortions and opening the door to studies on how such atomic-scale variations can influence a material's properties.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2015
Developmental Cell
Under pressure
Just as human relationships are a two-way street, fusion between cells requires two active partners: one to send protrusions into its neighbor, and one to hold its ground and help complete the process. Researchers have found that one way the receiving cell plays its role is by having a key structural protein come running in response to pressure on the cell membrane, rather than waiting for chemical signals to tell it that it's needed.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation, Muscular Dystrophy Association

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 12-Feb-2015
Current Directions in Psychological Science
Carnegie Mellon researchers reveal how mindfulness training affects health
Over the past decade, there have been many encouraging findings suggesting that mindfulness training can improve a broad range of mental and physical health problems. Yet, exactly how mindfulness positively impacts health is not clear. Carnegie Mellon University researchers have developed a model suggesting that mindfulness influences health via stress reduction pathways.
National Science Foundation, Pittsburgh Life Sciences Greenhouse

Contact: Shilo Rea
shilo@cmu.edu
412-260-0675
Carnegie Mellon University

Showing releases 451-475 out of 807.

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