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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 451-475 out of 934.

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Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Nature
Duke study uncovers genetic elements that drive regeneration
Salamanders and fish possess genes that can enable healing of damaged tissue and even regrowth of missing limbs. The key to regeneration lies not only in the genes, but in the DNA sequences that regulate expression of those genes in response to an injury. Duke researchers have discovered regulatory sequences that they call 'tissue regeneration enhancer elements' or TREEs, which can turn on genes in injury sites.
American Heart Association, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Karl Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
UGA Skidaway Institute starts study on dynamic Cape Hatteras waters
Sometimes called the 'graveyard of the Atlantic' because of the large number of shipwrecks there, the waters off Cape Hatteras on the North Carolina coast are some of the least understood on US's eastern seaboard. University of Georgia Skidaway Institute of Oceanography scientist Dana Savidge is leading a team, which includes UGA Skidaway Institute scientist Catherine Edwards, to investigate the dynamic forces that characterize those waters.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mike Sullivan
mike.sullivan@skio.uga.edu
912-598-2325
University of Georgia

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
ACS Central Science
Stanford scientists improve perovskite solar-cell absorbers by giving them a squeeze
Solar cells made of perovskites have shown great promise in recent years. Now Stanford University scientists have found that applying pressure can change the properties of these inexpensive materials and how they respond to light.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Stanford Global Climate & Energy Project, Stanford Interdisciplinary Graduate Fellowship Program

Contact: Mark Shwartz
mshwartz@stanford.edu
650-723-9296
Stanford University

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Natural history museum professionals, biodiversity scientists identify needs
Today, the Biodiversity Collections Network released a report, 'Building a More Networked System for Communicating about Natural History Collections.' This report includes overarching recommendations for how the biodiversity sciences community can improve communication within the community and with key decision-makers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Palakovich Carr
jpalakovichcarr@aibs.org
202-628-1500
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Nature Communications
Enzyme discovery leads scientists further down path to pumping oil from plants
An enzyme responsible for making hydrocarbons has been discovered by Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientists studying a common green microalga called Botryococcus braunii.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Phillips
ka-phillips@tamu.edu
979-845-2872
Texas A&M AgriLife Communications

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Nature
Supermassive black holes may be lurking everywhere in the universe
One of the largest supermassive black holes on record has been discovered in an unexpected place: a relatively sparse region of the local universe where massive galaxies -- the typical home of these huge black holes -- are few and far between. According to UC Berkeley astronomer Chung-Pei Ma, there could be many more such black holes -- quiescent quasars -- hiding in the universe's deserts. This one may be or once was a binary black hole.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-528-1747
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
BioScience
Current methods cannot predict damage to coral reefs
Coral reefs are severely endangered by a warming and increasingly acidic ocean. Although species-level effects have been studied, these pieces of the puzzle have not been assembled into a broader view. Ecosystem-level effects may be more severe than is currently anticipated.
National Science Foundation, Moorea Coral Reef LTER, California State University -- Northridge

Contact: James Verdier
jverdier@aibs.org
205-286-8626
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
Fossil discovery suggests size poor predictor of maturity in ancient reptiles
Asilisaurus grew similarly to living crocodilians in that individuals of both species display varied growth patterns.
National Science Foundation's Research Experience for Undergraduates, Virginia Tech

Contact: Steven Mackay
smackay@vt.edu
540-231-5035
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Saving lives through real-time flood forecasting
David Maidment, a hydrologist and civil engineer at UT Austin, knows there is a better way to predict flooding using advanced technology. With a grant from the National Science Foundation, he developed the National Flood Interoperability Experiment. NFIE is a collaboration between the academic community, the National Weather Service and its government partners, and commercial partners to develop a transformational suite of science and services for national flood hydrology and emergency response.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Faith Singer-Villalobos
faith@tacc.utexas.edu
512-232-5771
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
NSF CAREER award focused on improving the 'broken movies' of biology
Anthony Gitter, a biostatistics expert with the Morgridge Institute for Research and the University of Wisconsin-Madison, has received a 2016 Faculty Early Career Development Award from the National Science Foundation to advance a central research challenge about the dynamic nature of cellular and genetic signaling.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anthony Gitter
agitter@morgridge.org
608-316-4442
Morgridge Institute for Research

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Nature Genetics
Scientists reveal endocardial origin of liver vasculature
On March 29, Nature Genetics published a research article entitled 'Genetic lineage tracing identifies endocardial origin of liver vasculature,' from Prof. ZHOU Bin's lab. Taking advantage of genetic lineage tracing and tissue specific gene knockout technology, they found that part of liver vasculature is derived from endocardium in the developing heart.
Ministry of Science and Technology of China, National Science Foundation of China, Shanghai Basic Research Key Project, China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, Shanghai Yangfan Project and AstraZeneca

Contact: ZHOU Bin
zhoubin@sibs.ac.cn
86-215-492-0974
Chinese Academy of Sciences Headquarters

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Journal of Experimental Biology
Researchers document how broadbills make loud wing song
Broadbills produce a startlingly loud sound that they make with their wings to mark off territory. Researchers have hypothesized that it is the outermost wing feathers that make the sound. Now a research team led by a biologist at the University of California, Riverside has found that it is not the outermost feather wings but the ones just inside of these feathers that make the klaxon-like sound.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Scientific Reports
Live fast, die young
In a new study published in Scientific Reports, a team of international paleontologists, including postdoctoral scholar Adam Huttenlocker of the Natural History Museum of Utah at the University of Utah, demonstrate that ancient mammal relatives known as therapsids were suited to the drastic climate change by having shorter life expectancies and would have had a better chance of success by breeding at younger ages than their predecessors.
National Science Foundation, National Research Foundation

Contact: Chanapa Tantibanchachai
chanapa.t@utah.edu
928-458-9656
University of Utah

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Scientific Reports
How to survive extinction: Live fast, die young
Two hundred and fifty-two million years ago, a series of Siberian volcanoes erupted and sent the Earth into the greatest mass extinction of all time. Billions of tons of carbon were propelled into the atmosphere, radically altering the Earth's climate. Yet, some animals thrived in the aftermath and scientists now know why.
National Research Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew Northey
mnorthey@fieldmuseum.org
312-665-7202
Field Museum

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Nature Chemistry
Researchers use single molecule of DNA to create world's smallest diode
Researchers at the University of Georgia and at Ben-Gurion University in Israel have demonstrated for the first time that nanoscale electronic components can be made from single DNA molecules. Their study, published in the journal Nature Chemistry, represents a promising advance in the search for a replacement for the silicon chip. The finding may eventually lead to smaller, more powerful and more advanced electronic devices, according to the study's lead author, Bingqian Xu.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Stephanie Schupska
schupska@uga.edu
706-542-6927
University of Georgia

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Developmental Science
Bilingual baby brains show increased activity in executive function regions
New findings from the University of Washington show that babies raised in bilingual households show brain activity associated with executive functioning as early as 11 months of age.
National Science Foundation UW LIFE Center

Contact: Molly McElroy
mollywmc@uw.edu
206-221-1684
University of Washington

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Botany 2014
American Journal of Botany
Small but not forgotten: New ideas on pollen's ecology and evolution
Although many only turn their thoughts to pollen as allergy season approaches, a new American Journal of Botany Special Issue shows that a diverse array of researchers are actively pursuing research in pollen performance. The collection of papers gathers together diverse perspectives on pollen performance and lays out clear examples of how to test these ideas. Representing a broad range of taxa and approaches to studying pollen performance, this Special Issue is likely to ignite renewed interest in pollen performance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Richard Hund
rhund@botany.org
314-577-9557
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
19th ACM conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing
The Twittersphere does listen to the voice of reason -- sometimes
In the maelstrom of information, opinion and conjecture that is Twitter, the voice of truth and reason does occasionally prevail. According to new University of Washington research, tweets from 'official accounts' can slow the spread of rumors on Twitter and correct misinformation that's taken on a life of its own.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Nature Communications
How crispy is your bonbon?
A theory and simple fabrication technique derived by MIT engineers may help chocolate artisans create uniformly smooth shells and precisely tailor their thickness.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
International Conference on Architectural Support for Programming Languages and Operating Systems
Hardware, software tools created to debug intermittently powered energy-harvesting devices
Researchers at Disney Research and Carnegie Mellon University have developed a system for finding computer bugs in small devices that scavenge their energy from their environment and are subject to intermittent power failures.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Liu
jennifer.c.liu@disney.com
Disney Research

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Bioengineer's gut biome sensors earn NSF backing
Rice synthetic biologist Jeffrey Tabor wins a National Science Foundation CAREER Award to engineer bacteria to detect early stage inflammation in the digestive tract.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Nature Chemistry
World's smallest diode, developed by U. of Georgia and Ben-Gurion U.
Dr. Dubi and his student, Elinor Zerah-Harush, constructed a theoretical model of the DNA molecule inside the electric circuit to better understand the results of the experiment. 'The model allowed us to identify the source of the diode-like feature, which originates from breaking spatial symmetry inside the DNA molecule after coralyne is inserted.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrew Lavin
andrewlavin@alavin.com
516-353-2505
American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Public Release: 2-Apr-2016
ENDO 2016
Engineered ovary implant restores fertility in mice
Northwestern University scientists created a prosthetic ovary using a 3-D printer -- an implant that allowed mice that had their ovaries surgically removed to bear live young. The results will be presented Saturday, April 2, at the Endocrine Society's annual meeting, ENDO 2016, in Boston.
National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund Career Award, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jenni Gingery
jgingery@endocrine.org
202-971-3655
The Endocrine Society

Public Release: 1-Apr-2016
Polymer researcher receives NSF grant for multifunctional tough hydrogels
Dr. Jie Zheng, associate professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at The University of Akron, has recently been awarded his fourth grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF). With this continuing grant of $121,979, Zheng will have received a total of $343,616 to design a new class of tough double-network hydrogels, which can be used for a wide range of biomedical and industrial applications including wastewater treatment, tissue engineering, drug delivery, and the food industry.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Craig
lmc91@uakron.edu
330-972-7429
University of Akron

Public Release: 1-Apr-2016
Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology
NYU Tandon researcher synthesizes hybrid molecule that delivers a blow to malignant cells
A new molecule developed at NYU Tandon School of Engineering shows promise for treating breast cancer. The protein/polymer-gold nanoparticle composite, besides being easy to synthesize, can load up with drugs, carry them to malignant cells, and unload them where they can do the most damage with the least amount of harm to the patient. It was developed by Jin Kim Montclare, an associate professor in Tandon's Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering.
National Science Foundation, Shiffrin Meyer Breast Cancer Discovery Fund, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Karl Greenberg
karl.greenberg@nyu.edu
646-519-1996
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Showing releases 451-475 out of 934.

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