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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 476-500 out of 818.

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Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Study will parse evolutionary shift between life in water and on land
University of Kansas researcher Andrew Short will analyze South American water scavenger beetles' transition between aquatic and terrestrial living -- and in the process learn more about the mechanics of evolution itself.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Angewandte Chemie
MIT sensor detects spoiled meat
MIT chemists have devised an inexpensive, portable sensor that can detect gases emitted by rotting meat, allowing consumers to determine whether the meat in their grocery store or refrigerator is safe to eat.
National Science Foundation and the Army Research Office through MIT's Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Shape-shifting molecule tricks viruses into mutating themselves to death
A newly developed spectroscopy method is helping to clarify the poorly understood molecular process by which an anti-HIV drug induces lethal mutations in the virus's genetic material. The findings from the University of Chicago and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology could bolster efforts to develop the next generation of anti-viral treatments.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steve Koppes
University of Chicago

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Scientific Reports
Scientists develop mesh that captures oil -- but lets water through
A stainless steel mesh with a high-tech coating captures oil, but water passes right through. With further development, the researchers say, 'you could potentially catch an oil spill with a net.'
American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund, National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Ohio State University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
New method increases accuracy of ovarian cancer prognosis and diagnosis
University of Utah scientists have uncovered patterns of DNA anomalies that predict a woman's outcome significantly better than tumor stage. In addition, these patterns are the first known indicator of how well a woman will respond to platinum therapy. Published in the journal PLOS ONE, the patterns were discovered by using a new mathematical technique in the analysis of DNA profiles from the Cancer Genome Atlas, a national database containing data from hundreds of ovarian cancer patients.
Utah Science, Technology, and Research Initiative, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Kiefer
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Typhoon Haiyan's storm surge may contaminate aquifer for years
In 2013, Typhoon Haiyan devastated the Philippines, killing more than 6,000 people and destroying nearly $3 billion worth of property. While the country is still recovering from the storm, researchers with The University of Texas at Austin have found that an aquifer on the island of Samar inundated with salt water by the storm surge could remain undrinkable for up to 10 years. But a second aquifer on the island that was also inundated has recovered much more quickly.
Jackson School of Geosciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Monica Kortsha
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Journal of Communication
Interactivity tools can boost persuasiveness of websites
Messages conveyed on websites may be more persuasive if these websites are interactive, according to researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Cancer Cell
Recruiting the entire immune system to attack cancer
MIT studies finds that stimulating both major branches of the immune system halts tumor growth more effectively.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute for General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Virginia Tech assistant professor addresses philosophical questions of machines, research
How might machines carry out scientific research on their own? A Virginia Tech assistant professor of philosophy has a solution, and the National Science Foundation is funding the research through a CAREER award.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jean Elliott
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Journal of Comparative Psychology
Chimpanzees show ability to plan route in computer mazes, research finds
Chimpanzees are capable of some degree of planning for the future, in a manner similar to human children, while some species of monkeys struggle with this task, according to researchers at Georgia State University, Wofford College and Agnes Scott College.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Polymer coating could let medical sensors communicate with body
Research at The University of Akron to develop a polymer coating for medical sensors implanted in the body has attracted a $499,995 grant from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Roger Mezger
University of Akron

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Coexisting in a sea of competition
Diversity of life abounds on Earth, and there's no need to look any farther than the ocean's surface for proof. There are over 200,000 species of phytoplankton alone, and all of those species of microscopic marine plants that form the base of the marine food web need the same basic resources to grow -- light and nutrients.
US Department of Defense, National Science Foundation, DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Contact: WHOI Media Relations Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
IU to lead first-ever investigation into subtle cues' influence on women's success in STEM
The National Science Foundation has awarded Indiana University's Mary C. Murphy more than $2.2 million work to investigate the subtle, environmental signals that may discourage some women from entering or remaining in careers in science, technology, engineering and math.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Lab on a Chip
New technology provides superior ability to rapidly detect volatile organic compounds
The quick analysis of volatile organic compounds is required for applications in environmental monitoring, homeland security, biomedical diagnostics, and food processing. Virginia Tech electrical engineering faculty member Professor Masoud Agah has developed new technology that will improve the speed and accuracy of detecting dangerous compounds.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lynn Nystrom
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Canadian Medical Association Journal
New strategy can help determine heart attack in patients within 1 hour
A new strategy to rule-out and rule-in heart attacks in emergency departments will help physicians treat patients faster, found a clinical trial published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Heart Foundation, Cardiovascular Research Foundation Basel, Abbott, Beckman Coulter, BRAHMS, Roche, Siemens, Universitätsspital Basel

Contact: Kim Barnhardt
613-520-7116 x2224
Canadian Medical Association Journal

Public Release: 10-Apr-2015
The Astrophysical Journal
Accelerating universe? Not so fast
A UA-led team of astronomers found that the type of supernovae commonly used to measure distances in the universe fall into distinct populations not recognized before. The findings have implications for our understanding of how fast the universe has been expanding since the Big Bang.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Daniel Stolte
University of Arizona

Public Release: 10-Apr-2015
Nature Communications
Research could usher in next generation of batteries, fuel cells
Scientists from South Carolina's leading public universities -- the University of South Carolina and Clemson University -- have made a discovery that could dramatically improve the efficiency of batteries and fuel cells. The research, which is published in the journal Nature Communications, involves improving the transport of oxygen ions, a key component in converting chemical energy into electricity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Stensland
University of South Carolina

Public Release: 10-Apr-2015
Nature Communications
Cosmic debris: Study looks inside the universe's most powerful explosions
A new study provides an inside look at the most powerful explosions in the universe.
NASA, German Research Foundation, US National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Ohio State University

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Vanderbilt biologist receives grant to study inheritable bacterial infections
Vanderbilt biologist Seth Bordenstein has been awarded a $950,000 grant from NSF for research into the regulation of bacterial infections passed from mother to offspring.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Ecological Applications
Make your home a home for the birds
The landscaping plants chosen by residents for their yards plays a much greater role in the diversity of native birds in suburban neighborhoods than do the surrounding parks, forest preserves, or streetside trees, say biologists at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
National Science Foundation, University of Illinois at Chicago's Department of Biological Sciences Elmer 461 Hadley Graduate Research Award

Contact: Jeanne Galatzer-Levy
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
UT Arlington nanopillar fabrication to lead to more efficient electronics
A University of Texas at Arlington engineering researcher will build nanoscale pillars that will lead to more energy-efficient transistors in electronic devices and gadgets.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Microbes help produce serotonin in gut
Although serotonin is well known as a brain neurotransmitter, it is estimated that 90 percent of the body's serotonin is made in the digestive tract. In fact, altered levels of this peripheral serotonin has been linked to diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and osteoporosis. New research at Caltech, published in the April 9 issue of Cell, shows that certain bacteria in the gut are important for the production of peripheral serotonin.
National Institutes of Health, Caltech Center for Environmental Microbial Interactions Award, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
American Physical Society April Meeting
Physical Review Letters
Flip-flopping black holes spin to the end of the dance
Researchers at Rochester Institute of Technology simulated the merger of binary black holes and noticed that one black hole completely changes the orientation of its spin. Their findings have could affect how we understand galactic evolution, cosmology and gravitational physics. Physical Review Letters published the research results, which the authors will present at the American Physical Society meeting on April 14.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
'Warm blob' in Pacific Ocean linked to weird weather across the US
An unusually warm patch of surface water, nicknamed 'the blob' when it emerged in early 2014, is part of a Pacific Ocean pattern that may be affecting everything from West Coast fisheries and water supplies to East Coast snowstorms.
NOAA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Every dogwood has its day: Dogwood Genome Project calls on citizen scientists for help
The flowering dogwood tree is associated with the beginning of spring throughout much of the US. Now, thanks in part to a $1.4 million grant from the National Science Foundation, a group of researchers from universities across the Southeast have joined forces to understand the genetics of this iconic tree. For their project to be a success, the researchers will have to collect data, and they're asking dogwood lovers and science enthusiasts to help.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Leebens-Mack
University of Georgia

Showing releases 476-500 out of 818.

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