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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 476-500 out of 815.

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Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
NSF funds effort to market UT Arlington arsenic analyzer
National Science Foundation funding will help two University of Texas at Arlington faculty members work with a Texas company to market a more environmentally friendly field analyzer for arsenic in water. Millions worldwide, especially in developing countries, are at risk for chronic exposure to arsenic in drinking water.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Traci Peterson
tpeterso@uta.edu
817-521-5494
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
MU researcher receives $330,000 NSF grant to study African languages
In rural western Kenya, the oral traditions of several distinct varieties of Luyia, a cluster of Bantu languages of Kenya and Uganda, remain largely unstudied. With increasing pressure from the more widespread languages of Swahili and English, there are potential threats to the longevity of these languages. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri have received a four-year $330,000 National Science Foundation grant to investigate these under-studied languages and document their linguistic properties.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
Journal of Experimental Biology
Going inside an ant raft
Georgia Tech researchers froze ant rafts and scanned them with a miniature CT scan machine to look at the strongest part of the structure -- the inside -- to discover how opaque ants connect, arrange and orient themselves with each other.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office

Contact: Jason Maderer
maderer@gatech.edu
404-385-2966
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
SmartAmerica Challenge EXPO
Guarding against 'Carmageddon' cyberattacks
The tightly integrated computing and networking systems required to turn the nation's freeways in 'smart transportation systems' are currently under development. The efforts of the Smart Roads Cyber-Physical Systems project to identify cyber attacks against these systems and to develop software to protect them is dramatized by the video scenario 'Mitigating Carmageddon' featured at the SmartAmerica Expo in Washington, DC.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
Nature
Genome could unlock eucalyptus potential for paper, fuel and fiber
In a collaborative effort spanning five continents, scientists have announced the complete sequencing of one of the world's most widely planted trees, Eucalyptus grandis.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pankaj Jaiswal
jaiswalp@science.oregonstate.edu
541-737-8471
Oregon State University

Public Release: 11-Jun-2014
Journal of Experimental Biology
Tree ant family tree reveals ant swimming evolution
Tree ants often tumble off branches and during the rainy season many end up taking a dip in flooded rivers below, but what is their fate: do they sink or can they swim? Steve Yanoviak and Dana Frederick, from the University of Louisville, USA, have discovered that over 50 percent of tropical tree ants can swim to safety, with some reaching top speeds of 16cm/s, and that this ability has evolved on four different occasions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathryn Knight
kathryn.knight@biologists.com
44-012-234-25525
The Company of Biologists

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine
PLOS ONE
Researchers develop free online database for soybean studies
In the era of 'big data,' many scientific discoveries are being made without researchers ever stepping foot in traditional laboratories. Often, data from numerous experiments is gathered and disregarded, with only the desired results analyzed. Now researchers have developed the digital infrastructure needed to store previously disregarded data to take plant science to the next level. The Soybean Knowledge Base, a free online data resource, allows collaboration among researchers, scientists and farmers involved in soybean research.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
Cognition
The whole truth
Studies have shown that children can figure out when someone is lying to them, but cognitive scientists from MIT recently tackled a subtler question: Can children tell when adults are telling them the truth, but not the whole truth?
National Science Foundation, John Templeton Fndtn, James S. McDonnell Fndtn, Ewha Womans University 21st Century Fellowship

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Penn research develops 'onion' vesicles for drug delivery
University of Pennsylvania researchers have shown that a certain kind of dendrimer, a molecule that features tree-like branches, offers a simple way of creating vesicles and tailoring their diameter and thickness. Moreover, these dendrimer-based vesicles self-assemble with concentric layers of membranes, much like an onion.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Evolution and venomous snakes: Diet distinguishes look-alikes on 2 continents
On opposite sides of the globe over millions of years, the snakes of North America and Australia independently evolved similar body types that helped them move and capture prey more efficiently.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
734-647-1842
University of Michigan

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
New paper suggests High Tibet was cradle of evolution for cold-adapted mammals
A new study in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences identifies a newly discovered 3- to 5- million-year-old Tibetan fox from the Himalayan Mountains, Vulpes qiuzhudingi, as the likely ancestor of the living Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus), lending support to the idea that the evolution of present-day animals in the Arctic region is intimately connected to ancestors that first became adapted for life in cold regions in the high altitude environments of the Tibetan Plateau.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society, Chinese Academy of Science, Ministry of Science and Technology of China, and others

Contact: Kristin Friedrich
kfriedri@nhm.org
213-763-3532
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

Public Release: 10-Jun-2014
Molecular Ecology
Genetics reveal that reef corals and their algae live together but evolve independently
New research reveals that Caribbean corals and the algae that inhabit them form a remarkably stable relationship -- new knowledge that can serve as an important tool in preserving and restoring vital reef-building corals. The research could be used to decide which heat-tolerant corals to bring into nurseries, to grow, and to replant back on the reef to restore healthy coral populations.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
science@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Seafarers brought Neolithic culture to Europe, gene study indicates
Genetic evidence in modern populations suggests that Neolithic farmers from the Levant traveled mostly by sea to reach Europe. By 7,000 B.C., they were introducing their ideas and their genes to the native Paleolithic people, who had migrated to the continent 30,000 to 40,000 years before.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, European Union Social Fund

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How much fertilizer is too much for the climate?
Helping farmers around the globe apply more-precise amounts of nitrogen-based fertilizer can help combat climate change. In a new study published in this week's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Michigan State University researchers provide an improved prediction of nitrogen fertilizer's contribution to greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural fields.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Nature Materials
Designing ion 'highway systems' for batteries
Northwestern University professor Monica Olvera de la Cruz and her research group have married two traditional theories that advance the understanding of plastics for battery application.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Engineers design systems to help children with special needs
A group of Kansas State University engineers have developed technology that helps children with severe developmental disabilities.
National Science Foundation's General and Age-Related Disabilities Engineering program

Contact: Steven Warren
swarren@k-state.edu
785-532-4644
Kansas State University

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Using Twitter to track flu, Lady Gaga
Interested in the number of tweets about the flu in recent days, weeks or months? Whether the tweets are positive or negative? How they are dispersed geographically down to the street level? Words commonly used with flu? Or, even, predicting of the number of tweets about the flu in the coming days?
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-1287
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 9-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers find major West Antarctic glacier melting from geothermal sources
New research on the Thwaits Glacier will help ice sheet modeling efforts needed to determine when the collapse of the glacier will begin in earnest and at what rate the sea level will increase as it proceeds. The findings, from researchers at the Institute for Geophysics at The University of Texas at Austin, are published in the current edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anton Caputo
anton.caputo@jsg.utexas.edu
512-232-9623
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 8-Jun-2014
Nature Chemical Biology
New molecule enables quick drug monitoring
Scientists at EPFL have invented a molecule that can easily and quickly show how much drug is in a patient's system. The molecule, now the basis of a start-up company, is expected to enable point-of-care therapeutic drug monitoring.
École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, Swiss National Science Foundation, National Centre of Competence in Research Chemical Biology, Defense Threat Reduction

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 6-Jun-2014
Nano Letters
Opening a wide window on the nano-world of surface catalysis
A surface catalyst with a built-in sensor: that's what University of South Carolina chemist Hui Wang and co-workers built by bridging a size gap on the nano-scale. Their silver nanoparticles combine plasmon resonance with catalytic activity, making SERS and other analytical data available in real time on a surface catalyst.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steven Powell
spowell2@mailbox.sc.edu
803-777-1923
University of South Carolina

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
UH chemist's work could impact disease management, treatments
A University of Houston chemist hopes his work will one day impact the treatment of such diseases as cancer and malaria by better understanding how molecules react and how atoms come together to form bonds. Jeremy May, an assistant professor of chemistry at UH, received a five-year, $600,000 National Science Foundation CAREER Award to develop synthetic strategies to increase the efficiency and yields of chemical reactions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Merkl
lkmerkl@uh.edu
713-743-8192
University of Houston

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Social Science and Medicine
Demographics drive fitness partner decisions online, Penn study finds
According to a new study led by University of Pennsylvania's Damon Centola, participants in an online fitness program ignored the fitness aptitude of their potential partners, instead choosing partners based on age, gender and BMI.
James S. McDonnell Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Joseph J. Diorio
jdiorio@asc.upenn.edu
215-746-1798
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How do phytoplankton survive a scarcity of a critical nutrient?
How do phytoplankton survive when the critical element phosphorus is difficult to find? Researchers from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences conducted the most comprehensive survey of the content and distribution of a form of phosphorus called polyphosphate, or poly-P in the western North Atlantic. What they found was surprising.
National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Physical Review Letters
A new way to make laser-like beams using 250x less power
With precarious particles called polaritons that straddle the worlds of light and matter, University of Michigan researchers have demonstrated a new, practical and potentially more efficient way to make a coherent laser-like beam.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
734-647-7087
University of Michigan

Public Release: 5-Jun-2014
Applied Physics Letters
Team demonstrates continuous terahertz sources at room temperature
Northwestern University professor Manijeh Razeghi and her team are the first to develop a room-temperature, compact, continuous terahertz radiation source.
National Science Foundation, Department of Homeland Security, Naval Air Systems Command, NASA

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Showing releases 476-500 out of 815.

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