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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 476-500 out of 878.

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Public Release: 14-Sep-2014
Nature Biotechnology
Measuring modified protein structures
ETH-Zurich researchers have developed a new approach to measure proteins with structures that change. This could enable new diagnostic tools for the early recognition of neurodegenerative diseases to be developed.
Swiss National Science Foundation, EU Seventh Framework Program Reintegration, Promedica Stiftung

Contact: Paola Picotti
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 12-Sep-2014
Project prepares collection for 21st-century challenge of invasive species
At the Wisconsin State Herbarium, director Kenneth Cameron is spearheading a new, three-year project to 'digitize' images and data on aquatic and wetland plants, mollusks and fish from the Great Lakes basin. The $2.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation will also be disbursed to natural history museums at other UW campuses, and in every other Great Lakes state. Together, these institutions expect to digitize 1.73 million specimens related to Great Lakes invasives.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kenneth Cameron
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 12-Sep-2014
NJIT computer scientists win a major grant to network mobile devices in the cloud
A team of computer scientists at New Jersey Institute of Technology has won a multi-year grant from the National Science Foundation to come up with a platform that would allow mobile devices to interact with each other with help from the cloud. The technology they are developing is designed to support collaborative applications in areas such as healthcare, safety, and social interaction, potentially benefiting millions of users.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tanya Klein
New Jersey Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Sep-2014
Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology
Getting hot and wet in Vermont
A fundamental challenge of climate change forecasting is how to bridge the gap between global-scale models and local impacts. A new study -- the first-of-its kind for the Lake Champlain region -- bridges this gap and forecasts that northern Vermont and southern Quebec by 2100 will get eight degrees Fahrenheit hotter; Burlington, Vt., will experience 10 more days in July above 90; and ski resorts will see 50 percent less snowfall.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Brown
University of Vermont

Public Release: 12-Sep-2014
PLOS Genetics
Corn spots: Study finds important genes in defense response
What gives corn its spots? NC State researchers scour corn genome to find candidate genes that control an important defense response.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: Dr. Peter Balint-Kurti
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Annual Review of Environment and Resources
Stanford-led study assesses the environmental costs and benefits of fracking
Rising supplies of natural gas could benefit the environment by replacing coal as a fuel for electricity, but hydraulic fracturing poses dangers for people living near the wells, a new analysis finds. We can do better, the authors say.
National Science Foundation, Duke University, DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Contact: Mark Golden
Stanford University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Southern Ocean's role in climate regulation, goal of $21 million federal grant
Researchers for the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science are part of a $21 million collaborative research program led by Princeton University to create a biogeochemical and physical portrait of the Southern Ocean using hundreds of robotic floats deployed around Antarctica and an expanded computational capacity.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NASA

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Ecological Applications
Volunteer 'eyes on the skies' track peregrine falcon recovery in California
Datasets from long-running volunteer survey programs, calibrated with data from sporadic intensive monitoring efforts, have allowed ecologists to track the recovery of peregrine falcons in California and evaluate the effectiveness of a predictive model popular in the management of threatened species
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alison Mize
202-833-8773 x205
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
NSF funds new method for making materials that can make lighter, more efficient vehicles
Diana Lados, associate professor of mechanical engineering at Worcester Polytechnic Institute and founding director of the university's Integrative Materials Design Center, has received a three-year, $424,000 award from the National Science Foundation to support the development of a new way to manufacture metal-ceramic composites, which can be used to make vehicles lighter and more energy efficient, while significantly increasing their performance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Dorsey
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
UTSA awarded $500,000 National Science Foundation grant to study cloud computing
Ram Krishnan, assistant professor of electrical engineering in the UTSA College of Engineering, and Ravi Sandhu, Lutcher Brown Distinguished Chair in Cyber Security in the College of Sciences and director of the UTSA Institute for Cyber Security, have been awarded a $500,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to improve the security of cloud-based infrastructures.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kris Rodriguez
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
LSU scientists lead research on speciation in the tropics
In a study that sheds light on the origin of bird species in the biologically rich rainforests of South America, LSU Museum of Natural Science Director and Roy Paul Daniels Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences, Robb Brumfield, and an international team of researchers funded by the National Science Foundation published a paper this week challenging the view that speciation -- the process by which new species are formed -- is directly linked to geological and climatic changes to the landscape.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tara Kistler
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Work and Occupations
Some male scientists willing to forsake careers for family
One-third of men in academic science are willing to scale back their careers to focus on family life, according to researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Nano Letters
Researchers create world's largest DNA origami
Researchers have created the world's largest DNA origami, which are nanoscale constructions with applications ranging from biomedical research to nanoelectronics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
Cell Reports
Compound protects brain cells after traumatic brain injury
A new class of compounds, given orally, protects brain cells from the damage caused by blast-induced traumatic brain injury and preserves normal brain functions, even when the compound is given 24 to 36 hours after the injury occurs. The researchers hope that this family of compounds might be developed into a new class of neuroprotective drugs for TBI and other currently untreatable forms of neurodegeneration, including Alzheimer's disease and ALS.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Brown
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 11-Sep-2014
'Hot Jupiters' provoke their own host suns to wobble
Blame the 'hot Jupiters.' These large, gaseous exoplanets can make their suns wobble when they wend their way through their own solar systems to snuggle up against their suns, according to new research to be published in Science, Sept. 11.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
Cornell University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
'Green wave' explains migratory bird routes
A new study shows bird migrations follow areas of new plant growth -- a so-called 'green wave' of new leaves and numerous insects. In fall, particularly in the western US, they stick to higher elevations and head directly southward, making fewer detours along the way for food.
National Science Foundation, Leon Levy Foundation, Wolf Creek Foundation

Contact: Pat Leonard
Cornell University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Sequencing and analysis of gibbon genome sheds light on its complex evolution
A team led by an Oregon Health & Science University researcher has sequenced and annotated the genome of the only ape whose DNA had yet to be sequenced -- the gibbon, an endangered small ape that inhabits the tropical forests of Southeast Asia.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, European Research Council

Contact: Todd Murphy
Oregon Health & Science University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
UT Arlington research uses nanotechnology to help cool electrons with no external sources
A team of researchers has discovered a way to cool electrons to -228 C without external means and at room temperature, an advancement that could enable electronic devices to function with very little energy.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
ASU astrophysicists to probe how early universe made chemical elements
In its first billion years, the universe used massive stars to create nearly a hundred chemical elements. ASU researchers are a key part of a new project to find out how that happened.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Burnham
Arizona State University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Nano Letters
Penn engineers advance understanding of graphene's friction properties
On the macroscale, adding fluorine atoms to carbon-based materials makes for water-repellant, non-stick surfaces, such as Teflon. However, on the nanoscale, adding fluorine to graphene had been reported to vastly increase the friction experienced when sliding against the material. Through a combination of physical experiments and atomistic simulations, a University of Pennsylvania team has discovered the mechanism behind this surprising finding, which could help researchers better design and control the surface properties of new materials.
National Science Foundation, Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Journal of Paleontology
Ancient swamp creature had lips like Mick Jagger
A swamp-dwelling, plant-munching creature that lived 19 million years ago in Africa has been named after Rolling Stones lead singer Sir Mick Jagger, because of its big, sensitive lips and snout. The name of the animal, Jaggermeryx naida, translates to 'Jagger's water nymph.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
How skin falls apart: Pathology of autoimmune skin disease is revealed at the nanoscale
University at Buffalo researchers and colleagues studying a rare, blistering disease have discovered new details of how autoantibodies destroy healthy cells in skin.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, University at Buffalo

Contact: Ellen Goldbaum
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Cloud-computing revolution applies to evolution
A $1.1 million National Science Foundation grant to two Rice University computer science groups will allow them to build cloud-computing tools to help analyze evolutionary patterns.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
Researchers discover 3 extinct squirrel-like species
Paleontologists have described three new small squirrel-like species that place a poorly understood Mesozoic group of animals firmly in the mammal family tree. The study supports the idea that mammals -- an extremely diverse group that includes egg-laying monotremes such as the platypus, marsupials such as the opossum, and placentals like humans and whales -- originated at least 208 million years ago in the late Triassic, much earlier than some previous research suggests.
National Basic Research Program of China, National Science Foundation of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Contact: Kendra Snyder
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 10-Sep-2014
US cityscapes show consistent patterns of 'urban evolution'
In a special issue of Biogeochemistry, scientists studying urban ecosystems say US urban landscapes are remarkably similar geologically and biochemically, share certain traits that can function as markers for urbanization, and evolve along similar pathways. The authors propose the concept of 'urban evolution.'
National Science Foundation, NASA, New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station, Maryland Sea Grant

Contact: Heather Dewar
University of Maryland

Showing releases 476-500 out of 878.

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