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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 476-500 out of 838.

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Public Release: 23-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Carnegie Mellon's snake robots learn to turn by following the lead of real sidewinders
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University who develop snake-like robots have picked up a few tricks from real sidewinder rattlesnakes on how to make rapid and even sharp turns with their undulating, modular device. Working with colleagues at the Georgia Institute of Technology and Zoo Atlanta, they have analyzed the motions of sidewinders and tested their observations on CMU's snake robots.
National Science Foundation, Army Research Office, Georgia Tech School of Biology, Elizabeth Smithgall Watts Endowment

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 23-Mar-2015
CHI 2015 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
CMU study finds location sharing by apps prompts privacy action
Many smartphone users know that free apps sometimes share private information with third parties, but few, if any, are aware of how frequently this occurs. An experiment at Carnegie Mellon University shows that when people learn exactly how many times these apps share that information they rapidly act to limit further sharing.
National Science Foundation, Google, Samsung, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology.

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 23-Mar-2015
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
From blue pill to blue light
Taking men's concerns seriously: ETH biotechnologists are developing a biotech solution for erectile dysfunction that consists of a gene construct and a blue light.
European Research Council, Swiss National Science Foundation, National Centre of Competence in Research Molecular Systems Engineering

Contact: Martin Fussenegger
martin.fussenegger@bsse.ethz.ch
41-613-873-160
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 23-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study: Western forests decimated by pine beetles not more likely to burn
Western US forests killed by the mountain pine beetle epidemic are no more at risk to burn than healthy Western forests, according to new findings by the University of Colorado Boulder that fly in the face of both public perception and policy.
Wilberforce Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Hart
sarah.hart@colorado.edu
303-492-4986
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 23-Mar-2015
Nature Geoscience
A stiff new layer in Earth's mantle
By crushing minerals between diamonds, a University of Utah study suggests the existence of an unknown layer inside Earth: part of the lower mantle where the rock gets three times stiffer. The discovery may explain a mystery: why slabs of Earth's sinking tectonic plates sometimes stall and thicken 930 miles underground. The findings also may explain some deep earthquakes, hint that Earth's interior is hotter than believed, and suggest why magmas feeding midocean-ridge volcanoes differ chemically from magmas supplying hotpot island volcanoes.
German Science Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
lee.siegel@utah.edu
801-244-5399
University of Utah

Public Release: 23-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Comparing the genomes of the leprosy bacteria
EPFL scientists have compared for the first time the genomes of the two bacteria species that cause leprosy. The study shows how the two species evolved from a common ancestor 13.9 million years ago, and offers new insights into their biology that could lead to new treatments.
Fondation Raoul Follereau, Swiss National Science Foundation (Brazilian Swiss Joint Research Program)

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 23-Mar-2015
Nature Materials
Landmark study proves that magnets can control heat and sound
Researchers at the Ohio State University have discovered how to control heat with a magnetic field. In the March 23 issue of the journal Nature Materials, they describe how a magnetic field roughly the size of a medical MRI reduced the amount of heat flowing through a semiconductor by 12 percent. The study is the first ever to prove that acoustic phonons -- the elemental particles that transmit both heat and sound -- have magnetic properties.
US Army Research Office, US Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 23-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Discovery could yield more efficient portable electronics, solar cells
A team of chemists from the University of Wisconsin-Madison has set the stage for more efficient and sturdier portable electronic devices and possibly a new generation of solar cells based on organic materials.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mark Ediger
ediger@chem.wisc.edu
608-262-7273
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 20-Mar-2015
Journal of Hydrology
Conservation works: Forests for water in eastern Amazonia
A new study published in the Journal of Hydrology led by WHRC scientist Prajjwal Panday found that large protected areas in the Xingu River Basin have helped shield this Amazonian watershed from the effects observed in its less-protected neighbor, the Araguaia-Tocantins.
The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Eunice Youmans
eyoumans@whrc.org
508-524-2846
Woods Hole Research Center

Public Release: 20-Mar-2015
Natural Hazards
Levee detonations reduced 2011 flood risk on Mississippi River, UCI-led study finds
A controversial decision in 2011 to blow up Mississippi River levees reduced the risk of flooding in a city upstream, lowering the height of the rain-swollen river just before it reached its peak, according to a newly published computer modeling analysis led by UC Irvine scientists.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pat Brennan
hbrennan@uci.edu
949-824-8249
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 20-Mar-2015
eLife
Squid enrich their DNA 'blueprint' through prolific RNA editing
RNA editing of genomic information was thought to be sparingly used, based on a limited number of studies in mammals and flies. But recently, MBL Whitman Investigator Joshua Rosenthal and colleagues discovered the most prolific usage yet of RNA editing in the common squid, Doryteuthis pealeii, a behaviorally sophisticated marine organism that has long been prized for studies of the nervous system.
European Research Council, Israel Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Marine Biological Laboratory, and others

Contact: Diana Kenney
dkenney@mbl.edu
508-289-7139
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 20-Mar-2015
HAWC Observatory to study universe's most energetic phenomena
The High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma-Ray Observatory is the newest tool available to visualize the universe's most explosive events and learn more about the nature of high-energy radiation. Construction is now complete on HAWC's 300th and final detector tank, and the observatory will soon begin collecting data at full capacity. This milestone will be marked with an inaugural event at the observatory on March 19-20, 2015.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología (CONACyT), Mexico

Contact: Matthew Wright
mewright@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 20-Mar-2015
Science Advances
Shrinking habitats have adverse effects on world ecosystems
An extensive study of global habitat fragmentation -- the division of habitats into smaller and more isolated patches -- points to major trouble for a number of the world's ecosystems and the plants and animals living in them.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nick Haddad
nick_haddad@ncsu.edu
919-515-4588
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
Sharper nanoscopy
The advent of super-resolved microscopy with visible light won this year's chemistry Nobel. JQI scientists have discovered how to make nanoscale images even sharper.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation, Physics Frontier Center at the Joint Quantum Institute

Contact: Phillip F. Schewe
pschewe@umd.edu
301-405-0989
Joint Quantum Institute

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Advanced Materials
NC State researchers create 'nanofiber gusher'
Researchers at North Carolina State University and one of its start-up companies report a method that can produce unprecedented amounts of polymer nanofibers in liquid, which have potential applications in filtration, batteries and cell scaffolding.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dr. Orlin Velev
odvelev@ncsu.edu
919-513-4318
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Cell Stem Cell
UCSF team finds key to making neurons from stem cells
A research team at UC San Francisco has discovered an RNA molecule called Pnky that can be manipulated to increase the production of neurons from neural stem cells.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Veterans Affairs, National Science Foundation, UCSF, San Francisco State University, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Laura Kurtzman
laura.kurtzman@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Science
Even at a molecular level, taking it slow helps us cope with stress
UC Berkeley scientists have identified a new molecular pathway critical to aging. They found that by slowing down the activity of mitochondria in the blood stem cells of mice, they could enhance the cells' capacity to handle stress and rejuvenate old blood.
National Institutes of Health, Ellison Medical Foundation, Glenn Foundation, National Science Foundation, Siebel Stem Cell Institute

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Science
World Heritage Sites risk collapse without stronger local management
Without better local management, the world's most iconic ecosystems are at risk of collapse under climate change, say researchers in Science. Protecting places of global environmental importance such as the Great Barrier Reef and the Amazon rainforest from climate change will require reducing the other pressures they face, for example overfishing, fertilizer pollution or land clearing.
European Research Council, Spinoza, Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study, National Science Foundation, WIMEK, Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek, South American Institute for Resilience and Sustainability Studies

Contact: Marten Scheffer
marten.scheffer@wur.nl
31-641-804-880
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 19-Mar-2015
Current Biology
Our eyes multi-task even when we don't want them to, researchers find
Our eyes are drawn to several dimensions of an object -- such as color, texture, and luminance -- even when we need to focus on only one of them, researchers at NYU and the University of Pennsylvania have found.
National Institutes of Health, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
PLOS ONE
Robot model for infant learning shows bodily posture may affect memory and learning
Through observing the behavior of infants and robots, an Indiana University cognitive scientist and collaborators have found that posture is critical in the early stages of acquiring new knowledge.
European Union, Poeticon++, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
317-278-0088
Indiana University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
NSF grant will support Rocky Mountains research, expose minority teens to geosciences
Majie Fan, UT Arlington assistant professor of earth and environmental sciences, will use a $485,627 National Science Foundation grant to research the Rocky Mountains and to expose underrepresented youth to the geosciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bridget Lewis
blewis@uta.edu
817-272-3317
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
Interface
New research suggests insect wings might serve gyroscopic function
Gyroscopes are rarely found in nature. But University of Washington researchers have discovered that insect wings may act as gyroscopes, helping insects perform aerial acrobatics and maintain stability and direction.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Joan and Richard Komen Endowed Chair, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Deborah Bach
bach2@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
Chemistry of Materials
An improved method for coating gold nanorods
Researchers have fine-tuned a technique for coating gold nanorods with silica shells, allowing engineers to create large quantities of the nanorods and giving them more control over the thickness of the shell. Gold nanorods are being investigated for use in a wide variety of biomedical applications, and this advance paves the way for more stable gold nanorods and for chemically functionalizing the surface of the shells.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
MSU leads $7 million effort to improve science teaching
A Michigan State University professor created a successful model for teaching middle- and high-school students about carbon cycling, the primary driver of climate change. Now, Charles W. 'Andy' Anderson and partners are using a nearly $7 million grant from the National Science Foundation to help America's teachers put the program into action.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Press Office
henion@msu.edu
517-355-3294
Michigan State University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
Caltech scientists develop cool process to make better graphene
A new technique invented at Caltech to produce graphene -- a material made up of an atom-thick layer of carbon -- at room temperature could help pave the way for commercially feasible graphene-based solar cells and light-emitting diodes, large-panel displays, and flexible electronics.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Kavli Foundation, Taiwanese National Science Council

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
debwms@caltech.edu
626-395-3227
California Institute of Technology

Showing releases 476-500 out of 838.

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