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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 476-500 out of 948.

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Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Chemical Biology
University of the Pacific researchers give peptides a longer life
Researchers at University of the Pacific have developed a biochemical trick that can significantly extend the lifespan of peptides, smaller cousins of proteins. The finding opens up new possibilities for creating peptides to treat cancer, infertility and other conditions. The research, led by Mamoun Alhamadsheh, assistant professor of pharmacy at Pacific, is featured in the November issue of Nature Reviews Drug Discovery, a publication that spotlights high-impact papers from Nature, Cell and other scientific journals.
American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Claudia Morain
cmorain@pacific.edu
209-946-2313
University of the Pacific

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Columbia to lead Northeast Big Data Innovation Hub
Columbia University will lead a $1.25 million NSF-funded project to share data, tools and ideas for tackling some of the big challenges facing the northeastern United States.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim Martineau
klm32@gmail.com
646-717-0134
Columbia University

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Geological Society of America's 2015 Annual Meeting & Expositon
Geology
New findings rock long-held assumptions about ancient mass extinction
In research to be presented Nov. 4 at the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America and published in the October issue of the journal Geology, a University of Texas at Dallas geologist and his colleagues describe new findings that challenge the currently accepted model of the 'Great Dying,' a catastrophic extinction event that occurred more than 250 million years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
amanda.siegfried@utdallas.edu
972-883-4335
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
Predicting cancer's growth from few clues
Duke mathematicians are developing ways to help doctors predict how different cancers are likely to progress when measurements of tumor growth are hard to come by. In a new study, they describe a way to compare common models of tumor growth, using only two time-point measurements of tumor size -- often the maximum available before patients begin treatment. Determining which models work best for different cancers is key to designing optimum treatment strategies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karl Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Georgia Tech and UNC to lead effort that applies big data solutions to regional challenges
The Georgia Institute of Technology and the University of North Carolina's Renaissance Computing Institute will co-direct a new, national effort to develop a Big Data Regional Innovation Hub serving 16 southern states and the District of Columbia.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tara La Bouff
tlabouff@cc.gatech.edu
404-769-5408
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Planting in clumps boosts wetland restoration success
A Duke-led study finds that when restoring coastal wetlands, clumping newly planted marsh grasses next to each other, with little or no space in between, can spur positive interactions between plants and boost growth and survival by up to 300 percent in one growing season, at no additional cost. The new planting design may be especially beneficial where conventionally planted wetlands have failed due to erosion, high salt levels, low soil oxygen and other risks.
National Science Foundation, Netherlands Royal Society of Arts and Sciences, Edward Stolarz Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Geoscience
Scientists map source of Northwest's next big quake
The Cascadia Initiative deployed 70 seabed seismometers at 120 sites covering the entire Juan de Fuca plate to record mantle movement relative to the plate. Team members led by UC Berkeley have confirmed what geophysicists expected, but one surprise is that a small appendage called the Gorda Plate moves independently of the Juan de Fuca, apparently too light to influence the mantle flow 100 miles down. This could explain earthquake segmentation at the subduction zone.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Physics
Calcium-48's 'neutron skin' thinner than previously thought
An international team led by Gaute Hagen of the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory used America's most powerful supercomputer, Titan, to compute the neutron distribution and related observables of calcium-48, an isotope with an atomic nucleus consisting of 20 protons and 28 neutrons. Computing the nucleus from first principles revealed that the difference between the radii of neutron and proton distributions (called the 'neutron skin') is considerably smaller than previously thought.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation, European Research Council, United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation, Government of Canada, Government of Italy, Government of Norway, Government of Sweden

Contact: Dawn Levy
levyd@ornl.gov
865-576-6448
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature
Chemistry in mold reveals important clue for pharmaceuticals
In a discovery that holds promise for future drug development, scientists have detected for the first time how nature performs an impressive trick to produce key chemicals similar to those in drugs that fight malaria, bacterial infections and cancer.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation, China's 973 Program

Contact: Christine Sinatra
christine.sinatra@austin.utexas.edu
512-853-0506
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Genetics
Pineapple genome offers insight into photosynthesis in drought-tolerant plants
By sequencing its genome, scientists are homing in on the genes and genetic pathways that allow the juicy pineapple plant to thrive in water-limited environments. The new findings, reported in the journal Nature Genetics, also open a new window on the complicated evolutionary history of grasses like sorghum and rice, which share a distant ancestor with pineapple.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Bat disease fungus found to be widespread in northeast China
Bats in northeast China are infected with the fungus that causes white-nose syndrome, a deadly disease that has decimated bat populations in North America since it first appeared in upstate New York in 2006. A team of American and Chinese researchers found the fungus in caves where bats hibernate and found bats infected with the fungus.
National Science Foundation, National Speleological Society Rapid Response Fund, US Fish and Wildlife Service, National Science and Technology Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 2-Nov-2015
Nature Climate Change
Rapidly acidifying waters pose major threat for Southern Ocean ecosystem
A study published this week in the journal Nature Climate Change uses a number of Earth System Models to explore how the uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide and the resulting ocean acidification will affect the Southern Ocean over the next century. The new research finds that for some organisms the onset of such critical conditions will be so abrupt, and the duration of events so long, that adaption may become impossible.
National Science Foundation Ocean Acidification Program

Contact: Rachel Lentz
rlentz@hawaii.edu
808-956-8175
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 1-Nov-2015
National Cancer Research Institute 2015
Cancer Cell
New treatment targets cancers with particular genetic signature
Oxford University's Dr Tim Humphrey and team found that cancer cells with a mutated SETD2 gene were killed by a drug called AZD1775 that inhibits a protein called WEE1.
Medical Research Council, Cancer Research UK, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Calver
news.office@admin.ox.ac.uk
44-186-527-0046
University of Oxford

Public Release: 30-Oct-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Arctic snow not darkening due to soot, dust, Dartmouth-led study finds
A new Dartmouth-led study shows that degrading satellite sensors, not soot or dust, are responsible for the apparent decline in reflectivity of inland ice across northern Greenland.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: John Cramer
john.cramer@dartmouth.edu
603-646-9130
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 30-Oct-2015
Experimental Biology and Medicine
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 dependent nuclear entry of factor inhibiting HIF-1
Factor inhibiting HIF-1 (FIH-1) regulates hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) transcriptional activity by hydrolyzing asparagine at the C-terminus of HIF-1α, preventing the interaction between HIF-1α and associated cofactors and leading to suppressed activation of HIF-1. This action takes place in the nucleus but FIH-1 is a cytoplasmic protein. Itís now realized that the nuclear entry of FIH-1 is triggered by the transportation of HIF-1α from cytoplasm to the nucleus, a process that requires the presence of copper.
National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Dr. Y. James Kang
yjkang01@louisville.edu
Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine

Public Release: 30-Oct-2015
Scientific Reports
New metal alloy could yield green cooling technologies
A promising metal alloy system could lead to commercially viable magnetic refrigerants and environmentally friendly cooling technologies, according to a scientist at Rochester Institute of Technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 30-Oct-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Solving 80-year-old mystery, chemist discovers way to isolate single-crystal ice surfaces
A Tufts University chemist has discovered a way to select specific surfaces of single-crystal ice for study, a long-sought breakthrough that could help researchers answer essential questions about climate and the environment.
US National Science Foundation

Contact: Patrick Collins
patrick.collins@tufts.edu
617-627-4173
Tufts University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Nature Communications
New concepts emerge for generating clean, inexpensive fuel from water
An inexpensive method for generating clean fuel is the modern-day equivalent of the philosopher's stone. One compelling idea is to use solar energy to split water into its constituent hydrogen and oxygen and then harvest the hydrogen for use as fuel. But splitting water efficiently turns out to be not so easy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Koppes
skoppes@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Science
Researchers advance understanding of mountain watersheds
Scientists may be able to predict the distribution of pore space in the subsurface of mountain watersheds by looking at the state of stress in the earth's crust.
NSF/Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research, US Army Research Office, NSF/Earth Sciences

Contact: Steve Holbrook
steveh@uwyo.edu
307-766-2427
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Current Biology
Study spells out why some insects kill their mothers
Among social insects, why does it pay for workers to help the queen in some situations but then also pay to kill her in others? What explains why some queens get killed and not others, and why kill her at all? Kevin Loope, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of California, Riverside, explored these questions, and found that by eliminating the queen, a matricidal worker frees the way for workers to lay male eggs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Caught in the act: New wasp species emerging
A new study from biologists at Rice University, the University of Notre Dame, Michigan State University, the University of Iowa and the University of Florida finds that recent evolutionary changes for the fruit fly known as the 'apple maggot' is having a domino effect on three predatory wasp species.
National Science Foundation, Indiana Academy of Science, Entomological Society of America, Sigma Xi

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Scientific Reports
Wimps or warriors? Honey bee larvae absorb the social culture of the hive, study finds
Even as larvae, honey bees are tuned in to the social culture of the hive, becoming more or less aggressive depending on who raises them, researchers report in the journal Scientific Reports.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Bioinformatics
Clemson researchers and IT scientists team up to tackle Big Data
Where should Big Data be stored and shared in a cost-effective manner? How can it be most efficiently transferred across advanced data networks? How will researchers be interacting with the data and global computing infrastructure? A team of trail-blazing scientists and information technologists at Clemson is working hard to answer these questions by studying ways to simplify collaboration and improve efficiency.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Melvin
jsmelvi@clemson.edu
864-784-1707
Clemson University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Physical Review E
Researchers find universality in protein locality
A team of researchers has mapped out a universal dynamic that explains the production and distribution of proteins in a cell, a process that varies in detail from protein to protein and cell to cell, but that always results in the same statistical pattern.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2015
Academy of Management Journal
Spinning out? What you're able to take with you to your new company will determine how well you do
To 'spin out,' you better have a big team with lots of experience. When it comes to leaving a company to start your own, whether you sink or swim could depend on how many good people you can bring with you.
National Science Foundation Grants, NIH/National Institute on Aging, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada

Contact: Ken McGuffin
mcguffin@rotman.utoronto.ca
University of Toronto, Rotman School of Management

Showing releases 476-500 out of 948.

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