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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 824.

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Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
NSF grant supports the nation's TV weathercasters as local climate education
The nation's television weathercasters will have better tools to keep their viewers informed about the local consequences of climate change, thanks to a $3 million National Science Foundation grant awarded to George Mason University and Climate Central, a non-profit science and journalism organization.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michele McDonald
mmcdon15@gmu.edu
703-993-8781
George Mason University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Southern Ocean's role in climate regulation, ocean health is goal of $21 million project
A six-year, $21 million program by Princeton University and 10 partner institutions will seek to make the importance and health of the Southern Ocean encircling Antarctica better known scientifically and publicly. The Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observations and Modeling program, or SOCCOM, will create a biogeochemical and physical portrait of the ocean using an expanded computational capacity and hundreds of robotic floats deployed around Antarctica.
National Science Foundation, NASA, NOAA

Contact: Morgan Kelly
mgnkelly@princeton.edu
609-258-5729
Princeton University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
ECCV 2014-European Conference on Computer Vision
Carnegie Mellon's smart headlights spare the eyes of oncoming drivers
A smart headlight developed at Carnegie Mellon University's Robotics Institute enables drivers to take full advantage of their high beams without fear of blinding oncoming drivers or suffering from the glare that can occur when driving in snow or rain at night.
Ford Motor Co., US Department of Transportation, Intel Science and Technology Center for Embedded Computing, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Global Change Biology
Sharks in acidic waters avoid smell of food
The increasing acidification of ocean waters caused by rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels could rob sharks of their ability to sense the smell of food, a new study suggests.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brett Israel
brett.israel@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-1933
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
10th Annual Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Digital Entertainment
Researchers advance artificial intelligence for player goal prediction in gaming
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed artificial intelligence software that is significantly better than any previous technology at predicting what goal a player is trying to achieve in a video game. The advance holds promise for helping game developers design new ways of improving the gameplay experience for players.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
The saplings go their own way
In tropical rainforests, most young trees grow spatially independent from their parent trees. This means that it is not possible to predict where seedlings will take root, and less specialized species therefore have an advantage even in the species-rich rainforests of the tropics.
European Research Council, National Science Foundation, Center for Tropical Forest Science, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Mellon Foundation, Celera Foundation

Contact: Dr. Stephan Getzin
stephan.getzin@ufz.de
49-034-123-51719
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ

Public Release: 9-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Shift in Arabia sea plankton may threaten fisheries
Researchers have documented the rapid rise of an unusual plankton in the Arabian Sea that could be disastrous for the predator fish that sustain 120 million people living on the sea's edge.
National Science Foundation, NASA, Indian Space Research Organization, India's Council of Industrial Research

Contact: Kim Martineau
kmartine@ldeo.columbia.edu
646-717-0134
The Earth Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Cell
In one of nature's innovations, a single cell smashes and rebuilds its own genome
A study led by Princeton University researchers found that a pond-dwelling, single-celled organism has the remarkable ability to break its own DNA into nearly a quarter-million pieces and rapidly reassemble those pieces when it's time to mate. This elaborate process could provide a template for understanding how chromosomes in more complex animals such as humans break apart and reassemble, as can happen during the onset of cancer.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Morgan Kelly, Princeton Office of Communications
mgnkelly@princeton.edu
609-258-5729
Princeton University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
UT Arlington genomic data-mining framework to aid manufacturers discover desired materials
A UT Arlington computer and data scientist has won a $250,000 National Science Foundation grant to develop a scalable data-mining framework that will help manufacturers quickly discover desired materials for building their products.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Rice chemist wins rare NSF Special Creativity Award
Ounce for ounce, gold nanorods cost about 7,000 times more than bulk gold, but that may change, thanks to an award-winning research program in the laboratory of Rice University chemist Eugene Zubarev.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
Ohio University paleontologists discover new species of titanosaurian dinosaur in Tanzania
Ohio University paleontologists have identified a new species of titanosaurian, a member of the large-bodied sauropods that thrived during the final period of the dinosaur age, in Tanzania. Although many fossils of titanosaurians have been discovered around the globe, especially in South America, few have been recovered from the continent of Africa.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society, Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine, Ohio University Office of the Vice President for Research and Creative Activity

Contact: Andrea Gibson
gibsona@ohio.edu
740-597-2166
Ohio University

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Co-flowing liquids can stabilize chaotic 'whipping' in microfluidic jets
Industrial wet spinning processes produce fibers from polymers and other materials by using tiny needles to eject continuous jets of liquid precursors. The electrically charged liquids ejected from the needles normally exhibit a chaotic 'whipping' structure as they enter a secondary liquid that surrounds the microscopic jets. Researchers have now learned how to control that chaotic structure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Hog workers carry drug-resistant bacteria even after they leave the farm
A new study suggests that nearly half of workers who care for animals in large industrial hog farming operations may be carrying home livestock-associated bacteria in their noses, and that this potentially harmful bacteria remains with them up to four days after exposure.
North Carolina Occupational Safety and Health Education and Research Center, CDC/National Institute for Occupational Health and Safety, Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future, National Science Foundation

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
sdesmon1@jhu.edu
410-955-7619
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Applied Physics Letters
A low-energy optical circuit for a new era of technology
Optical circuits use light instead of electricity, making them faster and more energy-efficient than electrical systems. Scientists at Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne have developed a first building-block for photonic 'transistors' that requires record-low energy to operate. The device is a big step forward in the development and implementation of optical circuits.
Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research Quantum Photonics, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 8-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study traces ecological collapse over 6,000 years of Egyptian history
Depictions of animals in ancient Egyptian artifacts have helped scientists assemble a detailed record of the large mammals that lived in the Nile Valley over the past 6,000 years. A new analysis of this record shows that species extinctions, probably caused by a drying climate and growing human population in the region, have made the ecosystem progressively less stable.
National Science Foundation, Sao Paolo Research Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-2495
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 7-Sep-2014
Nature Chemistry
'Pick 'n' Mix' chemistry to grow cultures of bioactive molecules
Chemists at ETH-Zuerich and ITbM, Nagoya University have developed a new method to build large libraries of bioactive molecules -- which can be used directly for biological assays -- by simply mixing a small number of building blocks in water.
Swiss National Science Foundation, ETH Zurich, David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: Dr. Ayako Miyazaki
press@itbm.nagoya-u.ac.jp
81-527-894-999
Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (ITbM), Nagoya University

Public Release: 7-Sep-2014
Nature Nanotechnology
Ultra-thin, high-speed detector captures unprecedented range of light waves
Research at the University of Maryland could lead to light detectors that can see below the surface of bodies, walls, and other objects, with applications in emerging terahertz fields such as mobile communications, medical imaging, chemical sensing, night vision, and security.
US Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity

Contact: Kathryn Tracey
ketracey@umd.edu
443-340-2299
University of Maryland

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Frontiers in Microbiology
Like weeds of the sea, 'brown tide' algae exploit nutrient-rich coastlines
A new study by researchers at Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory and Stony Brook University highlights up close the survival skills that have made Aureococcus anophagefferens the bane of fishermen, boaters and real-estate agents. Building on previous mapping of Aureococcus' genome, the study, published in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology this summer,confirms that the genes previously hypothesized to help Aureococcus survive in murky nutrient-rich waters, switch on in conditions typical of estuaries degraded by human activity.
US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Center for Sponsored Coastal Ocean Research, a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Kim Martineau
kmartine@ldeo.columbia.edu
646-717-0134
The Earth Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
American Journal of Botany
Thousands of nuclear loci via target enrichment and genome skimming
A new approach in next-generation sequencing, called Hyb-Seq, uses targeted sequence capture via hybridization-based enrichment and makes it possible to sequence hundreds of genes at one time. The new protocol is poised to become the standard for efficiently producing genome-scale data sets to advance our understanding of the evolutionary history of plants, and is available in the September 2014 issue of Applications in Plant Sciences.
US National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Parada
apps@botany.org
American Journal of Botany

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Kent State researchers to develop mobile app for Cuyahoga Valley National Park
A $972,000 NSF grant to researchers at Kent State University will result in a mobile device app to help visitors to Cuyahoga Valley National Park learn about the park's history and ecology and become 'citizen scientists' by sharing their findings. The study will focus on informal science learning. The app, once developed, could be adapted for other national parks.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cindy Weiss
lweiss4@kent.edu
330-672-0731
Kent State University

Public Release: 5-Sep-2014
Scientific Reports
Banked blood grows stiffer with age, study finds
It may look like fresh blood and flow like fresh blood, but the longer blood is stored, the less it can carry oxygen into the tiny microcapillaries of the body, says a new study from University of Illinois researchers. Using advanced optical techniques, the researchers measured the stiffness of the membrane surrounding red blood cells over time. They found that, even though the cells retain their shape and hemoglobin content, the membranes get stiffer, which steadily decreases the cells' functionality.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
eahlberg@illinois.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Science
Magnetic nanocubes self-assemble into helical superstructures
Collaborating with nanochemists led by Rafal Klajn at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel, who found that magnetite nanocubes can self-assemble into helical superstructures under certain conditions, UIC theoretical chemist Petr Kral and his students simulated the phenomenon and explained the conditions under which it can occur.
Israel Science Foundation, G.M.J. Schmidt-Minerva Center for Supramolecular Architectures, Minerva Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeanne Galatzer-Levy
jgala@uic.edu
312-996-1583
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
ACS Nano
UCSB researchers develop ultra sensitive biosensor from molybdenite semiconductor
UC Santa Barbara researchers demonstrate atomically thin, ultrasensitive and scalable molybdenum disulfide field-effect transistor based biosensors and establish their potential for single-molecule detection
National Science Foundation, California NanoSystems Institute, Materials Research Laboratory

Contact: Sonia Fernandez
sonia.fernandez@ucsb.edu
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Environmental Science & Technology
Research shows declining levels of acidity in Sierra Nevada lakes
A team led by an environmental scientist at the University of California, Riverside has conducted research on lakes in the Sierra Nevada -- the most sensitive lakes in the US to acid rain, according to the Environmental Protection Agency -- and described human impacts on them during the 20th century. The conclusion is the overall news is good: Air quality regulation has benefited aquatic ecosystems in the Sierra Nevada; controlling air pollution is benefiting nature in California.
National Park Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, National Science Foundation, University of California, Geological Society of America

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 4-Sep-2014
Optica
Atomically thin material opens door for integrated nanophotonic circuits
Researchers at the University of Rochester describe a new combination of materials that could be a step towards building computer chips capable of transporting digital information at the speed of light.
Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship

Contact: David Barnstone
dbarnsto@ur.rochester.edu
585-276-6264
University of Rochester

Showing releases 51-75 out of 824.

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