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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 852.

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Public Release: 25-Aug-2015
Rare nautilus sighted for the first time in 3 decades
In early August, biologist Peter Ward returned from the South Pacific with news that he encountered an old friend, one he hadn't seen in over three decades. The University of Washington professor had seen what he considers one of the world's rarest animals, a remote encounter that may become even more infrequent if illegal fishing practices continue.
National Geographic Society, Tiffany & Co. Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: James Urton
jurton@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 25-Aug-2015
Nova Southeastern University researcher and collaborators receive $1.1 million grant
Researchers are finding the hybrid corals are more resilient than their parents, and they are studying why and if this can help aid in coral reef restoration and preservation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joe Donzelli
jdonzelli@nova.edu
954-262-2159
Nova Southeastern University

Public Release: 25-Aug-2015
Nature Communications
Biophysicists take small step in quest for 'robot scientist'
Biophysicists have taken another small step forward in the quest for an automated method to infer models describing a system's dynamics -- a so-called robot scientist.
James S. McDonnell Foundation, John Templeton Foundation, DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program, National Science Foundation

Contact: Carol Clark
carol.clark@emory.edu
404-727-0501
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 25-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Foes can become friends on the coral reef
On the coral reef, knowing who's your friend and who's your enemy can sometimes be a little complicated. Take seaweed, for instance. Normally it's the enemy of coral, secreting toxic chemicals, blocking the sunlight, and damaging coral with its rough surfaces. But when hordes of hungry crown-of-thorns sea stars invade the reef, everything changes, reports a study published Aug. 25 in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Aug-2015
NIMBioS receives NSF grant to assess student learning in mathematics
The National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis has been awarded a two-year, $299,990 grant from the National Science Foundation to develop a new tool to assess whether using real-world biology examples in college-level mathematics courses enhances student understanding of quantitative concepts.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Catherine Crawley
ccrawley@nimbios.org
865-974-9350
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS)

Public Release: 24-Aug-2015
UI and WSU to help communities prepare for, recover from wildfires
More than 6,000 fires have burned more than a million acres in the Northwest so far in 2015, with experts predicting continuing severe wildfires in coming years. To help Northwest communities prepare for the future, University of Idaho and Washington State University researchers are studying ways to increase communities' ability to withstand and recover from wildfires with the support of a new $2.8 million grant from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tara Roberts
troberts@uidaho.edu
208-885-7097
Washington State University

Public Release: 24-Aug-2015
New NSF award will expand scope and impact of ASU water research
In the grips of long-term drought, the Colorado River Basin and the cities that rely on its water face unprecedented challenges with a warming climate and large-scale land use change. They are developing new water resource policies for a future of increasing uncertainty. Now, water managers of cities of the CRB will be able to take greater advantage of ASU's Decision Center for a Desert City thanks to a $4.5 million National Science Foundation award.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Skip Derra
skip.derra@asu.edu
480-965-4823
Arizona State University

Public Release: 24-Aug-2015
Symposium on the Foundations of Software Engineering
Researchers tackle issues surrounding security tools for software developers
For software programmers, security tools are analytic software that can scan or run their code to expose vulnerabilities long before the software goes to market. But these tools can have shortcomings, and programmers don't always use them. New research from National Science Foundation-funded computer science researcher Emerson Murphy-Hill and his colleagues tackles three different aspects of the issue.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 24-Aug-2015
NSF grant enables University of Akron polymer scientist to engineer noses, jaws and ears
Imagine an infantry solder with a gunshot wound that shattered his jaw, or a person born with a birth defect such as a missing nose. The absent bone is replaced by new bone, which grows on a polymer scaffold custom-designed via 3-D printing according to a patient's own MRI and CT scanned images. Applied under the skin by a reconstructive surgeon, the polymer scaffold breaks down into normal body metabolites when the new bone sets.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Craig
lmc91@uakron.edu
330-972-7429
University of Akron

Public Release: 24-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UMD-led study identifies the off switch for biofilm formation
When disease-causing bacteria establish a biofilm on hospital equipment, it can be impossible to sterilize the devices, raising infection rates and necessitating expensive replacements. Now, a University of Maryland-led team has found an enzyme that shuts down the signals bacteria use to form a biofilm. The findings, reported in the Aug. 24, 2015 Early Online Edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, could one day help make biofilm-related complications a distant memory.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew Wright
mewright@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 24-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Tiny antibodies point to vulnerability in disease-causing parasites
By teasing apart the structure of an enzyme vital to the parasites that cause toxoplasmosis and malaria, Whitehead Institute scientists have identified a potentially 'druggable' target that could prevent parasites from entering and exiting host cells.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, German Academic Exchange Service

Contact: Nicole Giese Rura
rura@wi.mit.edu
617-258-6851
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 24-Aug-2015
Methods in Ecology and Evolution
Study finds black bears in Yosemite forage primarily on plants and nuts
Black bears in Yosemite National Park that don't seek out human foods subsist primarily on plants and nuts, according to a study conducted by biologists at UC San Diego who also found that ants and other sources of animal protein, such as mule deer, make up only a small fraction of the bears' annual diet.
US Fish and Wildlife Service, National Science Foundation, Environmental Protection Agency, Center for the Dynamics and Evolution of the Land-Sea Interface, STEPS Institute for Innovation in Environmental Research, UC San Diego, Yosemite National Park

Contact: Kim McDonald
kmcdonald@ucsd.edu
858-534-7572
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 21-Aug-2015
Nature Communications
Graphene oxide's secret properties revealed at atomic level
A Northwestern University research team found that graphene oxide's inherent defects give rise to a surprising mechanical property caused by an unusual mechanochemical reaction.
Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 21-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How DNA 'proofreader' proteins pick and edit their reading material
Researchers have discovered how two important proofreader proteins know where to look for errors during DNA replication and how they work together to signal the body's repair mechanism.
American Cancer Society, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tracey Peake
tracey_peake@ncsu.edu
919-515-6142
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 21-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Inspired by venus flytrap, researchers develop folding 'snap' geometry
Inspired by natural 'snapping' systems like Venus flytrap leaves and hummingbird beaks, a team led by physicist Christian Santangelo at the University of Massachusetts Amherst has developed a way to use curved creases to give thin curved shells a fast, programmable snapping motion. The new technique avoids the need for complicated materials and fabrication methods when creating structures with fast dynamics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 21-Aug-2015
Nature Communications
As Ice Age ended, greenhouse gas rise was lead factor in melting of Earth's glaciers
A new analysis of boulders left by retreating glaciers around the Earth as the last Ice Age ended has pinpointed rising carbon dioxide levels as the driving factor behind the simultaneous meltdown. The findings foreshadow the consequences of rapidly rising levels of greenhouse gases and retreating glaciers today.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ed Hayward
ed.hayward@bc.edu
617-552-4826
Boston College

Public Release: 21-Aug-2015
Nature Communications
Greenhouse gases caused glacial retreat during last Ice Age
A recalculation of the dates at which boulders were uncovered by melting glaciers at the end of the last Ice Age has conclusively shown that the glacial retreat was due to rising levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, as opposed to other types of forces. The data helps to confirm predictions of future glacial retreat, and that most of the world's glaciers may disappear in the next few centuries.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Clark
clarkp@geo.oregonstate.edu
541-737-1247
Oregon State University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2015
Food Control
Chapman University research on meat species shows mislabeling in commercial products
Researchers in Chapman University's Food Science Program have just published two separate studies on meat mislabeling in consumer commercial products. One study focused on identification of species found in ground meat products, and the other focused on game meat species labeling. Both studies examined products sold in the US commercial market; and both study outcomes identified species mislabeling among the product samples.
National Science Foundation/Division of Earth Sciences, Chapman University

Contact: Sheri Ledbetter
sledbett@chapman.edu
714-289-3143
Chapman University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2015
Journal of Physical Chemistry
Making hydrogen fuel from water and visible light highly efficient
Michigan Tech researchers have streamlined a method to improve the splitting water into hydrogen molecules using visible light. Their work paves the way for more sustainable hydrogen fuels.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Yun Hang Hu
yunhangh@mtu.edu
906-487-2261
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2015
Environmental Science & Technology
Scientists turn oily soil into fertile ground
Rice University scientists are cleaning soil contaminated by oil spills in a way that saves energy and reclaims the soil's fertility.
Chevron, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Falk
jfalk@rice.edu
713-348-6775
Rice University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cellphone data can track infectious diseases
Tracking mobile phone data is often associated with privacy issues, but these vast datasets could be the key to understanding how infectious diseases are spread seasonally, according to a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Science Foundation, James S. McDonnell Foundation, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Homeland Security, Fogarty International Center, Models of Infectious Disease Agent Study

Contact: B. Rose Huber
brhuber@princeton.edu
609-258-0157
Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Public Release: 20-Aug-2015
Structure
Carnegie Mellon-led team identifies structure of tumor-suppressing protein
An international group of researchers led by Carnegie Mellon University physicists Mathias Lösche and Frank Heinrich have established the structure of an important tumor suppressing protein, PTEN. Their findings provide new insights into how the protein regulates cell growth and how mutations in the gene that encodes the protein can lead to cancer.
Department of Commerce, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Science Foundation, DOE/Office of Science, and others

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2015
Science
A detector shines in search for dark matter
Results of the XENON100 experiment are a bright spot in the search for dark matter. The team of international scientists involved in the project demonstrated the sensitivity of their detector and recorded results that challenge several dark matter models and a longstanding claim of dark matter detection. Papers detailing the results will be published in upcoming issues of the journals Science and Physical Review Letters.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, Swiss National Science Foundation, Volkswagen Foundation, Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, Max Planck Gesellschaft, Research Center Elementary Forces and Mathematical Foundations

Contact: Elizabeth K. Gardner
ekgardner@purdue.edu
765-494-2081
Purdue University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2015
Physical Review Letters
New data from Antarctic detector firms up cosmic neutrino sighting
Researchers using the IceCube Neutrino Observatory have sorted through the billions of subatomic particles that zip through its frozen cubic-kilometer-sized detector each year to gather powerful new evidence in support of 2013 observations confirming the existence of cosmic neutrinos. The evidence is important because it heralds a new form of astronomy using neutrinos, the nearly massless high-energy particles generated in nature's accelerators: black holes, massive exploding stars and the energetic cores of galaxies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Francis Halzen
francis.halzen@icecube.wisc.edu
608-262-2667
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 20-Aug-2015
Science
Experiment attempts to snare a dark energy 'chameleon'
Is dark energy hard to detect because it's hiding from us? According to a recent theory, hypothetical particles called chameleons vary in mass depending on nearby matter: in the vacuum of space, they have a small mass and large reach, pushing space apart. In the lab, surrounded by matter, they have a large mass and small reach, making them difficult to detect. A UC Berkeley experiment seeks to find chameleons by lessening the screening.
David and Lucile Packard Foundation, National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Showing releases 51-75 out of 852.

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