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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 805.

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Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
The light of fireflies for medical diagnostics
EPFL scientists have exploited the light of fireflies in a new method that detects biological molecules without the need for complex devices and high costs.
Swiss National Science Foundation, National Centre of Competence in Research in Chemical Biology

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Stanford researchers link HIV susceptibility to little-understood immune cell class
High diversity among certain cells that help fight viruses and tumors is strongly associated with the likelihood of subsequent infection by HIV, Stanford University School of Medicine researchers have found.
Beckman Young Investigator Award, National Institutes of Health New Innovator Award, National Science Foundation training grant

Contact: Bruce Goldman
goldmanb@stanford.edu
650-725-2106
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
BioScience
Readiness of America's biology teachers questioned
Data spanning 1987 to 2007 show changing demographics among public high school biology teachers. The workforce has become less experienced and has been destabilized by turnover, and biology teachers are more likely than other science teachers to work outside of their discipline.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James M Verdier
jverdier@aibs.org
205-286-8626
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Nature
Resolving social conflict is key to survival of bacterial communities
Far from being selfish organisms whose sole purpose is to maximize their own reproduction, bacteria in large communities work for the greater good by resolving a social conflict among individuals to enhance the survival of their entire community.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim McDonald
kmcdonald@ucsd.edu
858-534-7572
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Ecosystem Health and Sustainability
Researchers quantify nature's role in human well-being
The benefits people reap from nature -- or the harm they can suffer from natural disasters -- can seem as obvious as an earthquake. Yet putting numbers to changes in those ecosystem services and how human well-being is affected has fallen short, until now. A team of researchers from Michigan State University are advancing new modeling technology to quantify human dependence on nature, human well-being, and relationships between the two.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Sue Nichols
nichols@msu.edu
517-432-0206
Michigan State University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Animal Cognition
Stress 'sweet spot' differs for mellow vs. hyper dogs
People aren't the only ones who perform better on tests or athletic events when they are just a little bit nervous -- dogs do too. But in dogs as in people, the right amount of stress depends on disposition. A new study by researchers at Duke University finds that a little extra stress and stimulation makes hyper dogs crack under pressure but gives mellow dogs an edge.
AKC Canine Health Foundation, National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
UT Arlington research could yield more resilient ceramic material for future spacecraft
A University of Texas at Arlington engineer is modifying molecular structures and blending ceramics to create new material that would be less brittle but retain the strength of the original ceramic and could be used on spacecraft, in power plants and for other applications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Optica
Drawing a line between quantum and classical world
In a new paper, published in the July 20 edition of Optica, University of Rochester researchers show that a classical beam of light that would be expected to obey Bell's Inequality can fail this test in the lab, if the beam is properly prepared to have a particular feature: entanglement.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Leonor Sierra
lsierra@ur.rochester.edu
585-276-6264
University of Rochester

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Science
Genome analysis pins down arrival and spread of first Americans
An international team of researchers compared the genomes of 31 living Native Americans, Siberians and people from Oceania with 23 ancient Native American genomes to establish a timeline for the arrival and spread of Amerindian populations. They concluded that the first Americans arrived after about 23,000 years ago and diverged around 13,000 years ago into two populations. They found no admixture of Polynesian or European genes, but did find some East Asian gene flow.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Scientific Reports
Fertile corals discovered in deeper waters off US Virgin Islands
Researchers discovered a threatened coral species that lives in deeper waters off the US Virgin Islands is more fertile than its shallow-water counterparts. The new study showed that mountainous star corals (Orbicella faveolata) located at nearly 140 feet deep may produce one trillion more eggs per square kilometer than those on shallow reefs.
National Science Foundation, Black Coral Penalty Fund, Natural Environmental Research Council

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Exploring evolution via electric fish hybrid zone
Michigan State University is using a $700,000 National Science Foundation grant to study how electric fish signals evolve, research that could offer insights into the evolution of new species.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
Nature
American History 201
Native Americans living in the Amazon bear an unexpected genetic connection to indigenous people in Australasia, suggesting a previously unknown wave of migration to the Americas thousands of years ago, a new study has found.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Simons Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 21-Jul-2015
The BMJ
Low birth weight combined with unhealthy adult lifestyle may increase type 2 diabetes risk
People who are a low weight at birth and have unhealthy habits as adults, such as eating nutritionally poor diets or smoking, may have a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes than people born at an average weight who live similar lifestyles, according to a new study led by researchers from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Boston Obesity Nutrition Research Center, United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation

Contact: Marge Dwyer
mhdwyer@hsph.harvard.edu
617-432-8416
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 20-Jul-2015
MSU's BEACON Center nets $22.5 million grant to continue evolution research
Michigan State University has been awarded $22.5 million by the National Science Foundation to continue the research, education and outreach activities of the BEACON Center for the Study of Evolution in Action.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
Study: Property of non-stick pans improves solar cell efficiency
Study published July 20 in Nature Communications shows that a 'non-wetting' surface, like those to create non-stick cookware, improves solar cell efficiency.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jinsong Huang
jhuang2@unl.edu
402-472-2640
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Public Release: 20-Jul-2015
Nature Climate Change
Ocean acidification may cause dramatic changes to phytoplankton
A team of researchers from MIT, the University of Alabama, and elsewhere has found that such increased ocean acidification will dramatically affect global populations of phytoplankton -- microorganisms on the ocean surface that make up the base of the marine food chain.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 20-Jul-2015
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Finding the origins of life in a drying puddle
Anyone who's ever noticed a water puddle drying in the sun has seen an environment that may have driven the type of chemical reactions that scientists believe were critical to the formation of life on the early Earth.
National Science Foundation, NASA Astrobiology Institute, NSF/Center for Chemical Evolution

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 20-Jul-2015
Nature Chemistry
Spintronics just got faster
In a tremendous boost for spintronic technologies, EPFL scientists have shown that electrons can jump through spins much faster than previously thought.
Swiss National Science Foundation, National Centre of Competence in Research Molecular Ultrafast Science and Technology

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 20-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Stanford researchers find prawn solution to spread of deadly disease
New Stanford research shows that the river prawn, a natural predator of parasite-carrying snails, proves effective at curbing the spread of schistosomiasis in West Africa.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation and Grand Challenges Canada, Stanford Woods Institute Environmental Venture Projects

Contact: Susanne H. Sokolow
831-247-427-183-1515
Stanford University

Public Release: 17-Jul-2015
New device offers more detailed look at aquifers
The University of Wyoming's Center for Environmental Hydrology and Geophysics received a two-year, $408,000 National Science Foundation Major Instrument Research Award for a borehole nuclear magnetic resonance instrument.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrew Parsekian
aparseki@uwyo.edu
307-766-3603
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 17-Jul-2015
'PlankZooka' larval sampler may revolutionize deep-ocean research
Scientists have conducted the first high-volume collection of deep-ocean plankton, including animal larvae, using a robotic sampling device mounted on an autonomous underwater vehicle. The new device allows researchers to sample precise areas, at depth, for long periods of time, while gently filtering enough volume to collect rare organisms without damaging them. Researchers from Duke, Oregon and Woods Hole deployed the large-tubed device, nicknamed Plankzooka, earlier this month.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 17-Jul-2015
Centuries-old shipwreck discovered off North Carolina coast
Researchers have discovered a centuries-old shipwreck off the coast of North Carolina. Artifacts around the wreck, including bricks, bottles and navigation gear, appear to date it to the late 18th or early 19th century. Scientists from Duke University, North Carolina State University, the University of Oregon and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution were on an NSF-funded expedition using sonar scanning technology and the submersible vessel Alvin.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 17-Jul-2015
Physical Review Letters
Bringing back the magic in metamaterials
A research team out of Michigan Tech has found a way to solve one of the biggest challenges in making metamaterials. Their optical work is a big step towards creating a 'perfect lens'.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Durdu Güney
dguney@mtu.edu
906-487-2780
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Science Bulletin
New catalyst for selective oxidation of methanol to dimethoxymethane under mild conditions
The selective oxidation of methanol under mild conditions is demonstrated as an alternative synthetic pathway for dimethoxymethane (DMM), where V2O5/TiO2-Al2O3 with binary oxide supports (TiO2-Al2O3) is proposed as the catalyst. The excellent catalytic performance is attributed to an increased amount of V4+ species and improved electron transfer between the support and V2O5. The incorporation of titanium cation into the alumina structure could also help produce an appropriate amount of acidic sites, increasing the DMM selectivity.
The National Science Foundation of China, Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University, Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education

Contact: Gong Jinlong
jlgong@tju.edu.cn
Science China Press

Public Release: 16-Jul-2015
Scientific Reports
Carbon dioxide pools discovered in Aegean Sea
The location of the second largest volcanic eruption in human history, the waters off Greece's Santorini are the site of newly discovered opalescent pools forming at 250 meters depth. The interconnected series of meandering, iridescent white pools contain high concentrations of carbon dioxide and may hold answers to questions related to deep-sea carbon storage as well as provide a means of monitoring the volcano for future eruptions.
EU Eurofleets Program, Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, National Science Foundation, NASA's Astrobiology Program

Contact: WHOI Media Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Showing releases 51-75 out of 805.

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