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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 51-75 out of 924.

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Public Release: 17-Aug-2016
JAMA Psychiatry
Antipsychotic medication poses little risk to developing fetus
Researchers found that the use of APMs in pregnancy does not meaningfully increase the risk of congenital malformations or cardiac malformations, with the possible exception of risperidone.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute of Child health and Human Development, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Elaine St. Peter
estpeter@partners.org
617-525-6375
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 17-Aug-2016
Neuron
A neuron's hardy bunch
The brain has exquisitely organized communication machinery that ensures ultrafast transmission of signals between neurons. Like cargo-carrying boats, tiny bubbles packed with neurotransmitters dock on standby, ready to unload their cargo upon demand. Research from Harvard Medical School reveals that even when these 'docking stations' are absent or destroyed, a fleet of signaling vessels remain intact and ready to carry their signals across when called upon.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Nancy Lurie Marks Foundation, Brain Research Foundation, Harvard Brain Initiative, Lefler Foundation

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
ekaterina_pesheva@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 17-Aug-2016
Nature
New techniques boost understanding of how fish fins became fingers
The cells that make fin rays in fish play a central role in forming the fingers and toes of four-legged creatures, one of the great transformations required for the descendants of fish to become creatures that walk on land.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Postdoctoral Research Fellowship, Uehara Memorial Foundation Research Fellowship, Marine Biological Laboratory, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Brinson Foundation

Contact: John Easton
john.easton@uchospitals.edu
773-795-5225
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
Slower snowmelt affects downstream water availability in western mountains
Western communities are facing effects of a warming climate with slower and earlier snowmelt reducing streamflows and possibly the amount of water reaching reservoirs used for drinking water and agriculture, according to a study published recently.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture, NASA Earth and space Science Fellowship

Contact: Mike Wolterbeek
mwolterbeek@unr.edu
University of Nevada, Reno

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
Syracuse University professor John Burdick to study social housing projects in Rio
Over three years, the team will observe a state-planned housing project that aims to provide housing titles to its residents; two buildings managed by a partnership between a housing rights organization and the state; a building physically occupied by squatters who are negotiating rights to turn the building into a self-managed cooperative; and a building of state-subsidized rentals.
National Science Foundation, Economic and Social Research Council

Contact: Jennifer Congel
jacongel@syr.edu
315-443-4286
Syracuse University

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
US taps NCAR technology for new water resources forecasts
As NOAA launches a comprehensive system this month for forecasting water resources, it's turning to NCAR technology. The new forecasting system uses a powerful, NCAR-based computer model, known as WRF-Hydro, to provide continuous predictions of water levels and potential flooding in rivers and streams from coast to coast.
National Science Foundation, NOAA, NASA

Contact: David Hosansky
hosansky@ucar.edu
303-497-8611
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Big fish -- and their pee -- are key parts of coral reef ecosystems
Large, carnivorous fish excrete almost half of the key nutrients, phosphorus and nitrogen, that are essential for the survival of coral reefs.
Environmental Protection Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
ACM SIGKDD Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
Data on taxi routes and points of interest may improve crime predictions
Data on how taxis travel through communities and on how people label points of interest on social media could help analysts and criminologists better understand neighborhood crime rates in a city, according to Penn State researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
Soybean science blooms with supercomputers
Soybean Knowledge Base (SoyKB) project finds and shares comprehensive genetic and genomic soybean data through support of NSF-sponsored XSEDE high performance computing. SoyKB helps scientists improve soybean traits. XSEDE Stampede supercomputer 370,000 core hour allocation used in resequencing of over 1,000 soybean germplasm lines. XSEDE ECSS established Pegasus workflow that optimized SoyKB for supercomputers. SoyKB migrated workflow to XSEDE Wrangler data intensive supercomputer. Scientific cloud environment Jetstream of XSEDE broadened user base.
National Science Foundation, Missouri Soybean Merchandising Council, United Soybean Board, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jorge Salazar
jorge@tacc.utexas.edu
512-471-3980
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
Pitt engineers receive grant to develop fast computational modeling for 3-D printing
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering and Pittsburgh-based manufacturer Aerotech, Inc. received a grant from the National Science Foundation to develop new, fast computational methods for additive manufacturing.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
Journal of Climate
Fewer low clouds in the tropics
With the help of satellite data, ETH scientists have shown that low-level cloud cover in the tropics thins out as the earth warms. Since this cloud cover has a cooling effect on the climate, the two-degree warming target may therefore be reached earlier than many models have predicted.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Tapio Schneider
tapio@ethz.ch
41-446-332-621
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Female fish can favor sperm from preferred males despite external fertilization
Biologists studying a small, colorful fish in the Mediterranean Sea have discovered a new way in which a female can choose the best father for her offspring. During spawning of the ocellated wrasse, ovarian fluid released with eggs favors sperm from the nest-tending males preferred by the females, limiting fertilization by 'sneaker' males.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
PeerJ
Scientists on the prowl for 'the ultimate Pokémon'
Researchers are on a real-life search for what one calls 'the ultimate Pokémon': Zenkerella, an elusive scaly-tailed squirrel that has never been spotted alive by scientists. However, biologists recently found three newly dead specimens that hint at how the 'living fossil' has evolved over the past 49 million years. Based on DNA results, the researchers determined that Zenkerella is a very distant cousin of two scaly-tailed squirrels that glide from tree to tree.
National Science Foundation, Research Foundation of SUNY, Turkana Basin Institute and ExxonMobil Foundation

Contact: Zen Vuong
zvuong@usc.edu
213-300-1381
University of Southern California

Public Release: 15-Aug-2016
Nature Chemistry
Unraveling knotty chemical structures enables rapid screening of anti-cancer compounds
It isn't often that a graduate student makes a spectacular technical leap in his field, or invents a process that can have a significant impact on a real-world problem. Di Liu did both. Liu, a chemistry graduate student at the University of Chicago, devised an ingenious way to make tiny knotted and interlocked chemical structures that have been impossible for chemists to fabricate until now.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Koppes
skoppes@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 15-Aug-2016
eLife
How mechanical force triggers blood clotting at the molecular scale
Using a unique single-molecule force measurement tool, a research team has developed a clearer understanding of how platelets sense the mechanical forces they encounter during bleeding to initiate the cascading process that leads to blood clotting.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Aug-2016
Scientific Reports
Nanoribbons in solutions mimic nature
Graphene nanoribbons twist and bend like DNA or proteins in a solution and their rigidity can be tuned, making them potentially useful for biomimetic applications, according to Rice University scientists.
Welch Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 15-Aug-2016
Evolution
CU Boulder study: Mate choices of barn swallows tied to diverging appearances
If you are a male barn swallow in the United States or the Mediterranean with dark red breast feathers, you're apt to wow potential mates. But if you have long outer tail feathers in the United States, or short ones in the Mediterranean, the females may not be so impressed.
National Science Foundation, Israel Science Foundation

Contact: Rebecca Safran
rebecca.safran@colorado.edu
303-735-1495
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 13-Aug-2016
Cerebral Cortex
This is your brain on sentences
Researchers at the University of Rochester have, for the first time, decoded and predicted the brain activity patterns of word meanings within sentences, and successfully predicted what the brain patterns would be for new sentences.
Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity, National Science Foundation

Contact: Monique Patenaude
monique.patenaude@rochester.edu
585-355-7906
University of Rochester

Public Release: 12-Aug-2016
Nature Communications
Vortex rings may aid cell delivery, cell-free protein production
Cornell researchers have devised a method for producing toroid-shaped particles through a process called vortex ring freezing. The particles are mass produceable through inexpensive electrospraying.
American Diabetes Association, SUNY Research Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Fleischman
tjf85@cornell.edu
Cornell University

Public Release: 11-Aug-2016
USENIX Security Symposium
RetroScope opens doors to the past in smart phone investigations
Researchers are working on a new technique to aid law enforcement in gathering data from smart phones when investigating crimes. A research team led by Professor Dongyan Xu, a computer science professor and interim executive director of Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security, and computer science professor Xiangyu Zhang will detail the technique, called RetroScope, during the USENIX Security Symposium in Austin, Texas, Friday.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Huchel
bhuchel@purdue.edu
765-494-2084
Purdue University

Public Release: 11-Aug-2016
Cell Stem Cell
Directly reprogramming a cell's identity with gene editing
Researchers have used a gene editing tool called CRISPR to turn cells isolated from mouse connective tissue directly into neuronal cells. Results indicate that the newly converted neuronal cells show a more complete conversion than previous techniques, which persists after the treatment has ended. These cells could be used for modeling neurological disorders, discovering new therapeutics, developing personalized medicines and, perhaps in the future, implementing cell therapy.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 11-Aug-2016
Physical Review Letters
Much ado about nothing: Astronomers use empty space to study the universe
In a paper to appear in upcoming issue of Physical Review Letters, the international team of astronomers reports that they were able to achieve four times better precision in measurements of how the universe's visible matter is clustered together by studying the empty spaces in between.
Institut Lagrange de Paris, French National Research Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 11-Aug-2016
UTA researcher wins grant to use data mining to improve depression diagnosis, treatment
Heng Huang, a professor in the Computer Science and Engineering Department, won a three-year, $500,000 National Science Foundation grant to use data mining to efficiently catalog and track depression patients' 'thought records' so that doctors and therapists can better identify patients' treatment needs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 11-Aug-2016
Cell Chemical Biology
Disrupting mitochondrial function could improve treatment of fungal infections
By identifying new compounds that selectively block mitochondrial respiration in pathogenic fungi, Whitehead Institute scientists have identified a potential antifungal mechanism that could enable combination therapy with fluconazole, one of today's most commonly prescribed fungal infection treatments. Severe, invasive fungal infections have a mortality rate of 30-50 percent and cause an estimated 1.5 million deaths worldwide annually. Current antifungal therapies are hampered by the increasingly frequent emergence of drug resistance and negative interactions that often preclude combination use.
Swiss National Science Foundation, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Mathers Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nicole Giese Rura
rura@wi.mit.edu
617-258-6851
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 10-Aug-2016
PLOS ONE
Study: Seawalls, coastal forests in Japan help reduce tsunami damage
Researchers who analyzed a history of tsunamis along the Pacific coast of Japan's Tohoku region have learned that seawalls higher than 5 meters reduce damage and death, while coastal forests also play an important role in protecting the public.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Emil Venere
venere@purdue.edu
765-494-4709
Purdue University

Showing releases 51-75 out of 924.

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