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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 501-525 out of 778.

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Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Ecology Letters
Studies affirm crabs killing Northeast saltmarshes
Two newly published studies by a team of Brown University researchers provide ample new evidence that the reason coastal saltmarshes are dying from Long Island to Cape Cod is that hungry crabs, left unchecked by a lack of predators, are eating the cordgrass.
National Science Foundation, Voss Environmental Fellowship Program

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Ecology
Urbanization, higher temperatures can influence butterfly emergence patterns
An international team of researchers has found that a subset of common butterfly species are emerging later than usual in urban areas located in warmer regions, raising questions about how the insects respond to significant increases in temperature.
Southeast Climate Science Center, US Geological Survey, Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Limnology & Oceanography
R.I. nitrogen cycle differs in bay and sound
A new study reports that anammox, a key process in the nitrogen cycle, is barely present in Narragansett Bay even though it's a major factor just a little farther out into Rhode Island Sound. Scientists traced that to differences between bay and sound sediments, but that raises new questions about what's going on in the Bay to account for those.
National Science Foundation, Rhode Island Sea Grant

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Success really does breed success, unique online experiments find
Success really does breed success -- up to a point -- found researchers from University College London and Stony Brook University, following a series of unique online experiments.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cher Thornhill
c.thornhill@ucl.ac.uk
020-310-83846
University College London

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Brazilian agricultural policy could cut global greenhouse gas emissions
Brazil may be able to curb up to 26 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation by encouraging the intensification of its cattle production, according to a new study from researchers at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis and international collaborators.
European Union, National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine Leitzell
leitzell@iiasa.ac.at
43-223-680-7316
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How Brazilian cattle ranching policies can reduce deforestation
A new study led by UC Berkeley researchers finds that policies to support sustainable cattle ranching practices in Brazil could reduce deforestation and the industry's greenhouse gas impact.
National Academy of Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 28-Apr-2014
Nature Methods
The scent of a man
Scientists' inability to replicate research findings using mice and rats has contributed to mounting concern over the reliability of such studies. Now, an international team of pain researchers led by scientists at McGill University in Montreal may have uncovered one important factor behind this vexing problem: the gender of the experimenters has a big impact on the stress levels of rodents.
Louise and Alan Edwards Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeffrey Mogil
jeffrey.mogil@mcgill.ca
McGill University

Public Release: 25-Apr-2014
Biofabrication
3-D printing cancer tumors
Wei Sun, Ph.D., a mechanical engineering researcher at Drexel University, has devised a method for 3-D printing tumors that could soon be taking cancer research out of the petri dish.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Britt Faulstick
bef29@drexel.edu
215-895-2617
Drexel University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling, Scripps scientists discover
Scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego have taken a leap forward in understanding the microscopic underpinnings of the ocean carbon cycle by pinpointing a bacterium that appears to play a dominant role in carbon consumption.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Marine Microbiology Initiative, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera or Robert Monroe
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Plants send out signals attracting harmful bacteria, MU study finds
When bacteria attack plants, they often inject harmful proteins into the host plants' cells to weaken and suppress natural defenses. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri have identified and replicated the process that allows the bacteria -- known mostly for attacking tomatoes -- to invade its host. This discovery could lead to natural anti-infective treatments that work with food-producing plants to enhance resistance to harmful bacteria in the field.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study: Altruistic adolescents less likely to become depressed
It is better to give than to receive -- at least if you're an adolescent and you enjoy giving, a new study suggests. The study found that 15- and 16-year-olds who find pleasure in pro-social activities, such as giving their money to family members, are less likely to become depressed than those who get a bigger thrill from taking risks or keeping the money for themselves.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Animals with bigger brains, broader diets have better self control
A new study representing the largest study of animal intelligence to-date finds that animals with bigger brains and broader diets have better self-control. Published this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the results are part of a long history of research aimed at understanding why some species are able to do things like make and use tools, read social cues, or even understand basic math, and others aren't.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
rsmith@nescent.org
919-668-4544
National Evolutionary Synthesis Center (NESCent)

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
LSUHSC awarded NSF grant for summer research experience for underrepresented undergrads
The National Science Foundation has awarded LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans a Research Experiences for Undergraduates Site grant in the amount of $295,635. The funding will support the training of undergraduates from diverse social and educational backgrounds, underrepresented in the sciences, especially from the New Orleans area. The project will provide students with training for 10 weeks during the summers of 2014-16.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leslie Capo
lcapo@lsuhsc.edu
504-568-4806
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How a plant beckons the bacteria that will do it harm
A common plant puts out a welcome mat to bacteria seeking to invade, and scientists have discovered the mat's molecular mix. The team showed that the humble and oft-studied plant Arabidopsis puts out a molecular signal that invites an attack from a pathogen. The study reveals new targets during the battle between microbe, which often infects tomatoes, and host that researchers can exploit to protect plants.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tom Rickey
tom.rickey@pnnl.gov
509-375-3732
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Science
Untangling Brazil's controversial new forest code
Brazil's new Forest Code has few admirers. A study, co-authored by Woods Hole Research Center scientists Michael Coe, Marcia Macedo and Brazilian colleagues, published this week in Science, seeks to clarify the new law.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, NASA, National Science Foundation, Climate and Land Use Alliance

Contact: Eunice Youmans
eyoumans@whrc.org
508-524-2846
Woods Hole Research Center

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Current Biology
Oldest pterodactyloid species discovered, named by international team of researchers
An international research team, including a George Washington University professor, has discovered and named the earliest and most primitive pterodactyloid -- a group of flying reptiles that would go on to become the largest known flying creatures to have ever existed -- and established they flew above the earth some 163 million years ago, longer than previously known.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kurtis Hiatt
kkhiatt@gwu.edu
202-735-6361
George Washington University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Cell
Researchers create comprehensive map of human B cell development
A Columbia and Stanford team describes a new method for mapping cellular development at the single cell level. By combining emerging technologies with a new, advanced computational algorithm, they created the most comprehensive map ever made of human B cell development. The approach will improve the ability to investigate development in cells of all types, help identify rare aberrations that lead to disease, and guide the next generation of research in regenerative medicine.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Packard

Contact: Christopher Williams
cmw2189@columbia.edu
212-851-5154
Columbia University

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Brookings Papers on Economic Activity Spring 2014 Conference
Princeton release: Not just the poor live hand-to-mouth
Thirty to 40 percent of US households live hand-to-mouth, but work by researchers at Princeton and New York University found that most of those people aren't poor.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Hotchkiss
mh14@princeton.edu
609-258-9522
Princeton University

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Economics = MC2 -- A portrait of the modern physics startup
In recent decades, many large high-tech companies have eliminated in-house research programs, turning instead to startup companies as their primary source of breakthrough innovations. AIP has released a new report on physics startups, based on interviews with 140 physicists and other professionals at some 91 startup companies in 14 states, companies which are engaged in making medical devices, manufacturing tools, nanotechnology, lasers and optical devices, renewable energy technologies and other products.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
jbardi@aip.org
240-535-4954
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Nature Nanotechnology
Gold nanoparticles help target, quantify breast cancer segments in a living cell
Purdue University researchers have developed a way to detect and measure cancer levels in a living cell by using tiny gold particles with tails of synthetic DNA.
National Science Foundation, Indiana Clinical Transitional Sciences Institute, Purdue Center for Cancer Research, Samsung

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoos@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Biology Letters
Scientists identify source of mysterious sound in the Southern Ocean
Scientists have conclusive evidence that the source of a unique rhythmic sound, recorded for decades in the Southern Ocean and called the 'bio-duck,' is the Antarctic minke whale (Balaenoptera bonaerensis). First described and named by submarine personnel in the 1960s who thought it sounded like a duck, the bio-duck sound has been recorded at various locations in the Southern Ocean, but its source has remained a mystery, until now.
NOAA Fisheries, NSF/Office of Polar Programs, US Navy Environmental Readiness Division

Contact: Shelley Dawicki
shelley.dawicki@noaa.gov
508-495-2378
NOAA Northeast Fisheries Science Center

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
Chemical Science
Following a protein's travel inside cells is key to improving patient monitoring, drug development
Virginia Tech chemical engineer Chang Lu and his colleagues have used a National Science Foundation grant to develop a technique to detect subcellular location of a protein.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lynn Nystrom
tansy@vt.edu
540-231-4371
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 23-Apr-2014
PLOS ONE
Scientists discover a new shape using rubber bands
While experimenting with elastic strips, Harvard researchers have stumbled upon a surprising discovery: a hemihelix with multiple perversions, a shape rarely seen in nature.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Karoff
karoff@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-0450
Harvard University

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
PLOS ONE
Best practices in communication for the animal world
Effective communication is not just about the signaler, according to the study, the receiver also needs to assess the signaler efficiently. For instance, one of the most effective strategies from the perspective of female birds is assessing groups of males called leks, where females can assess multiple males in a short period of time.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Annette Gallagher
a.gallagher1@umiami.edu
305-284-1121
University of Miami

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Connecticut River watershed study will assess impacts of extreme rain events
A team of Yale researchers will lead a five-year, $3 million study to determine whether an increase in extreme rain events is affecting the transport of dissolved organic matter through the Connecticut River watershed, a phenomenon they say could alter the chemical composition and water quality of the watershed and Long Island Sound. The grant is funded by the National Science Foundation's MacroSystems Biology program.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
kevin.dennehy@yale.edu
203-436-4842
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Showing releases 501-525 out of 778.

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