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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 501-525 out of 906.

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Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Project embeds computer science lessons in math instruction for K-5 students
A two-year project funded by the National Science Foundation is laying the groundwork for meeting society's growing demand for citizens literate in computer science by integrating computing with elementary school mathematics -- an approach that holds promise for democratizing access to computer science education and promoting diversity within the U.S. technology workforce. The project is a collaborative partnership among researchers at the University of Illinois, the University of Chicago, and faculty and students at Champaign Unit 4 Schools.
National Science Foundation STEM+C

Contact: Sharita Forrest
slforres@illinois.edu
217-244-1072
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Study shows North Atlantic Ocean CO2 storage doubled over last decade
A University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science-led study shows that the North Atlantic absorbed 100 percent more man-made carbon dioxide over the last decade, compared to the previous decade. The findings show the impact that the burning of fossil fuels have had on the world's oceans in just 10 years.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
BioScience
U-Idaho researchers: The US must address the 'wicked problem' of wildfire
The United States must make preparing for and adapting to wildfire a top national priority, says a team of University of Idaho researchers and their international partners in a paper published today in the journal BioScience. The researchers issued a call for academia, government agencies, industries and communities to work together to address wildfire because it is a 'wicked problem' -- one so complex that a one-size-fits-all solution does not exist.
National Science Foundation, NASA, NSF/Idaho EPSCoR, NSF/Alaska EPSCoR

Contact: Tara Roberts
troberts@uidaho.edu
208-885-7097
University of Idaho

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
International genome research partnership uncovers bed bug resistance to pesticides
A comprehensive analysis of the bed bug genome finds that their hardy makeup is all in the genes.
National Human Genome Research Institute, Blanton J. Whitmire Endowment, Housing and Urban Development, National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Dawn Fuller
dawn.fuller@uc.edu
513-556-1823
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
Researchers sequence bedbug genome, find unique features
The word bedbug conjures fear and loathing. Now, the genome sequence of the common bedbug reveals the mechanisms behind the pest's ability to resist insecticides and to mitigate rough sexual insemination practices, among other characteristics.
US Department of Housing and Urban Development, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation, NC State's Blanton J. Whitmire endowment

Contact: Coby Schal
coby@ncsu.edu
919-515-1821
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
Bed bug genome uncovers biology of a pest on the rebound
Purdue University researchers participated in a multi-institute project that sequenced the genome of the common bed bug, a blood-sucking insect that has reemerged globally as a hardy pest capable of withstanding most major classes of insecticides.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, Blanton J. Whitmore Endowment, US Department of Housing and Urban Development, National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Royal Society of New Zealand Marsden Fast

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoos@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
PeerJ
Antiperspirant alters the microbial ecosystem on your skin
Wearing antiperspirant or deodorant doesn't just affect your social life, it substantially changes the microbial life that lives on you. New research finds that antiperspirant and deodorant can significantly influence both the type and quantity of bacterial life found in the human armpit's 'microbiome.'
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
A uniter and a divider
A USC-led study of moral values reveals issues related to purity can determine how close -- or how far -- we want to be with someone in social and political circles.
NSF/Interdisciplinary Behavioral and Social Sciences

Contact: Emily Gersema
gersema@usc.edu
213-361-6730
University of Southern California

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Living a 'mixotrophic' lifestyle
Some tiny plankton may have big effect on ocean's carbon storage.
Simons Foundation, The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, NASA, and National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
eLife
Disruptions to embryonic reprogramming alter adult mouse behavior
When the process of epigenetic reprogramming is defective in mouse development, the consequences in adulthood can include abnormal repetitive behaviors, Emory scientists have shown.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute for Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Quinn Eastman
qeastma@emory.edu
404-727-7829
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Journal of Climate
Long-term global warming not driven naturally
By examining how Earth restores equilibrium after periods of natural warming, a study by Duke University and NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory reinforces that long-term global temperature does not evolve chaotically but remains stable unless pushed by external factors. Large, sustained changes in global temperature, like those observed over the last century, cannot occur without drivers such as increased greenhouse gas concentrations. Estimates of natural climate cycles alone are insufficient to explain such changes.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
BMC Biology
Can animals thrive without oxygen?
In 2010, a research team garnered attention when it published evidence of finding the first animals living in permanently anoxic conditions at the bottom of the sea. But a new study, led by scientists at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, raises doubts.
National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Scientific Reports
Why do scientists chase unicorns?
Scientists chase unicorns because if they could prove the existence of the magical beasts, the world would be a better place. Take Maren Friesen, Michigan State University plant biologist, for example. Her quest was to find near-mythical bacteria that could fix their own nitrogen. Her search for such magical beasties was based on results from Germany published in the 1990s that seemed to confirm their existence.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Ecology
Major storm events play key role in biogeochemistry of watersheds
A new Yale-led study finds that heavy weather events cause an inordinate amount of organic material to bypass headwater systems, pushing them downstream into larger rivers and coastal waters and inland basins -- with profound implications for water quality through the watershed.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
kevin.dennehy@yale.edu
203-436-4842
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Scientific expedition to Antarctica will search for dinosaurs and more
An international team of researchers supported by the National Science Foundation will journey to Antarctica this month to search for evidence that the now-frozen continent may have been the starting point for some important species that roam the Earth today.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anton Caputo
anton.caputo@jsg.utexas.edu
512-232-9623
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A better model for Parkinson's disease
Scientists at EPFL solve a longstanding problem with modeling Parkinson's disease in animals. Using newfound insights, they improve both cell and animal models for the disease, which can propel research and drug development.
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Swiss National Science Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 29-Jan-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
Moon's tidal forces affect amount of rainfall on Earth
Satellite data shows that the moon's gravity puts a slight damper on rainfall on Earth.
National Science Foundation, Tanaka Ikueikai Scholarship Society, Iizuka Takeshi Scholarship Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 29-Jan-2016
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Ancient rocks of Tetons formed by continental collisions
Plate tectonics were operating in what is now western Wyoming long before the collisions that created the Himalayas starting 40 million years ago.
National Science Foundation, University of Wyoming/Grand Teton National Park

Contact: Carol Frost
frost@uwyo.edu
307-766-6254
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 29-Jan-2016
Science Advances
Cornell researchers create first self-assembled superconductor
Building on nearly two decades' worth of research, a multidisciplinary team at Cornell has blazed a new trail by creating a self-assembled, three-dimensional gyroidal superconductor.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Daryl Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 29-Jan-2016
Nature Communications
CU-Boulder study: Ancient extinction of giant Australian bird points to humans
The first direct evidence that humans played a substantial role in the extinction of the huge, wondrous beasts inhabiting Australia some 50,000 years ago -- in this case a 500-pound bird -- has been discovered by a University of Colorado Boulder-led team.
National Science Foundation, The Australian Research Council

Contact: Gifford Miller
gmiller@colorado.edu
303-492-6962
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Conservation Biology
Wildlife win when cash takes edge off 'park vs. people' conservation conflict
Conserving wildlife habitat sounds noble, but when it comes down to work or sacrifice, cold hard cash -- a decent amount of it -- goes a long way.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Sue Nichols
nichols@msu.edu
517-432-0206
Michigan State University

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Neurobiology of Disease
New therapy halts progression of Lou Gehrig's disease in mice
Researchers announced today that they have essentially stopped the progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's disease, for nearly two years in one type of mouse model used to study the disease -- allowing the mice to approach their normal lifespan. The findings are compelling and promising, scientists say.
National Institutes of Health, ALS Association, National Science Foundation, Department of Defense

Contact: Joe Beckman
joe.beckman@oregonstate.edu
541-737-8867
Oregon State University

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Circulation
Failing hearts use alternative fuel for energy
Findings suggest a new approach to treat early heart failure.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gammon
sgammon@sbpdiscovery.org
858-795-5012
Sanford-Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
UMass Amherst neuroscientist receives $599,000 grant to study brain function
Cognitive neuroscientist Rosie Cowell at UMass Amherst recently received a five-year, $599,619 NSF CAREER award to develop and test a theory of how memory interacts with fine-grained visual perception and how both brain functions depend on the medial temporal lobe, once thought to be critical for memory but not for visual perception. It has become clear that a segregated model of separate brain regions being responsible for single functions such as language or memory is not accurate.
National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development program

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Cell
Treating Parkinson's disease by solving the mysteries of movement
Two secrets of one of the brain's most enigmatic regions have finally been revealed. In a pair of studies published in Cell and Neuron, scientists from the Gladstone Institutes have discovered a specific neural circuit that controls walking, and they found that input to this circuit is disrupted in Parkinson's disease. The research reveals two potential new targets to treat movement disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Center for Research Resources, Swiss National Science Foundations, State of California

Contact: Dana Smith
dana.smith@gladstone.ucsf.edu
415-734-2532
Gladstone Institutes

Showing releases 501-525 out of 906.

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