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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 526-550 out of 805.

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Public Release: 31-Mar-2015
Environmental Science & Technology
Methane monitoring method reveals high levels in Pennsylvania stream
A new stream-based monitoring system recently discovered high levels of methane in a Pennsylvania stream near the site of a reported Marcellus shale gas well leak, according to researchers at Penn State and the US Geological Survey. The system could be a valuable screening tool to assess the environmental impact of extracting natural gas using fracking.
US Geological Survey, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 31-Mar-2015
Frontiers in Neuroscience
University of Houston researchers build brain-machine interface to control prosthetic hand
A research team from the University of Houston has created an algorithm that allowed a man to grasp a bottle and other objects with a prosthetic hand, powered only by his thoughts.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 31-Mar-2015
Researchers aim to safeguard privacy on social networks
A researcher at the University of Kansas' Information and Telecommunication Technology Center is investigating solutions that could shore up personal privacy on leading social media sites.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 31-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
The nature of nurture is all about your mother, study says
When it comes to survival of the fittest, it's all about your mother -- at least in the squirrel world. New research from the University of Guelph shows that adaptive success in squirrels is often hidden in the genes of their mother. 'Some squirrels are genetically better at being mothers than others,' said Andrew McAdam, a professor in U of G's Department of Integrative Biology and co-author of the study published today in Proceedings of the Royal Society.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, National Science Foundation, Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation

Contact: Andrew McAdam
519-824-4120 x56826
University of Guelph

Public Release: 31-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Isotope study shows which urban ants love junk food
Research finds that some -- but not all -- of the ant species on the streets of Manhattan have developed a taste for human food, offering insight into why certain ants are thriving in urban environments. The findings stem from a study that tested isotope levels in New York City ants to determine the makeup of their diet.
National Science Foundation, US Department of the Interior

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Massive study is first to explore historical ocean response to abrupt climate change
A new study reports that marine ecosystems can take thousands, rather than hundreds, of years to recover from climate-related upheavals. The study's authors -- including Peter Roopnarine, Ph.D., of the California Academy of Sciences -- analyzed thousands of invertebrate fossils to show that ecosystem recovery from climate change and seawater deoxygenation might take place on a millennial scale.
National Science Foundation, UC Multicampus Research Programs and Initiatives, UC Davis REACH IGERT, Mia Tegner Historical Ecology Grant, EPA STAR Fellowship, Switzer Environmental Fellowship

Contact: Haley Bowling
California Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Journal of Zoology
Clues to aging from long-lived lemurs
Researchers combed through more than 50 years of medical records on hundreds of lemurs at the Duke Lemur Center for clues to their longevity. They found that how long these primates live and how fast they age correlates with the amount of time they spend in a state of suspended animation known as torpor. The research may eventually help scientists identify 'anti-aging' genes in humans.
Rufford Foundation, MMBF/Conservation International Primate Action Fund, Primate Conservation, Inc., Margot Marsh Biodiversity Foundation. German Research Foundation, US National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Journal of Neurophysiology
Carnegie Mellon researchers create 'Wikipedia' for neurons
To help scientists make sense of 'brain big data,' researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have used data mining to create, a publicly available website that acts like Wikipedia, indexing physiological information about neurons. The site will help to accelerate the advance of neuroscience research by providing a centralized resource for collecting and comparing data on neuronal function.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, NIH/National Institute for Mental Health, Pennsylvania Department of Health's Commonwealth Universal Research Enhancement Program

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Hidden costs: The unseen way organisms cope with climate change
Environmental stress from climate change forces an organism's metabolism into overdrive -- though it may not be immediately apparent, it nudges the organism ever closer to the brink of disaster.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
UMD's Physics Frontier Center renewed by National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation renewed its support for the Joint Quantum Institute's (JQI) Physics Frontier Center with a new five-year grant. JQI is a partnership between the University of Maryland and the National Institute of Standards and Technology, with support from the Laboratory for Physical Sciences. The center supports researchers in atomic and condensed matter physics. The center also hosts physics public outreach programs, including a hands-on summer program for high school students.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Robinson
University of Maryland

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Ecology Letters
Setting a dinner table for wildlife can affect their risk of disease
Supplemental feeding of wildlife can increase the spread of some infectious diseases and decrease the spread of others. A new study by University of Georgia ecologists finds that the outcome depends on the type of pathogen and the source of food. The findings, published in the journal Ecology Letters, have implications for human health and wildlife conservation, and contain practical suggestions for wildlife disease management and a roadmap for future study.
University of Georgia Graduate School, National Science Foundation, Wellcome Trust/Royal Society Sir Henry Dale Fellowship

Contact: Beth Gavrilles
University of Georgia

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
New NSF-funded Physics Frontiers Center joins the race to detect gravitational waves
The center will focus on the search for gravitational waves by measuring coordinated changes in the arrival times of radio signals from pulsars, nature's most stable clocks.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Xavier Siemens
University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Journal of Physiology
Mother's diet influences weight-control neurocircuits in offspring
Maternal diet during pregnancy and lactation may prime offspring for weight gain and obesity later in life, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers, who looked at rats whose mothers consumed a high-fat diet and found that the offsprings' feeding controls and feelings of fullness did not function normally.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Solovey
Penn State

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Pitt designated an innovation corps site by National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has designated the University of Pittsburgh as an NSF I-Corps site. The award, which supports innovation activities at select academic institutions, comes with a three-year, $300,000 grant to be used to advance innovation, commercialization, and entrepreneurship at Pitt.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joe Miksch
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Smart phone app monitors depression in real time
A new phone app screens for depression with 24-hour monitoring of speech, walking pace and other behavioral cues.
National Science Foundation

Contact: William Weir
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Nature Methods
High-tech method allows rapid imaging of functions in living brain
Researchers studying cancer and other invasive diseases rely on high-resolution imaging to see tumors and other activity deep within the body's tissues. Using a new high-speed, high-resolution imaging method, Lihong Wang, Ph.D., and his team at Washington University in St. Louis were able to see blood flow, blood oxygenation, oxygen metabolism and other functions inside a living mouse brain at faster rates than ever before.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Flory
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Nature Geoscience
Glimpses of the future: Drought damage leads to widespread forest death
The 2000-2003 drought in the American southwest triggered a widespread die-off of forests around the region. A team of scientists developed a new modeling tool to explain how and where trembling aspen forests died as a result of this drought, based on damage to the individual trees' ability to transport water. Their results suggest that more widespread die-offs of aspen forests triggered by climate change are likely by the 2050s.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, NOAA, Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan, National Taiwan University, and Carnegie Institution for Science

Contact: William Anderegg
Carnegie Institution

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sea change: What took decades to destroy in oceans took millennia to recover
While climate change and the deoxygenation of seawater can alter ocean ecology very quickly, recovery can be on a 1,000-year scale, not the 100-year scale previously thought.
National Science Foundation, EPA STAR Fellowship, Switzer Environmental Fellowship

Contact: Sarah Moffitt
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Journal of Cell Biology
New molecular clues about mysterious brain blood vessel disorder
Yale researchers have uncovered new details about the relationship between two proteins associated with the formation of cerebral cavernous malformations, a little understood neurovascular disorder.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society, National Science Foundation, American Heart Association

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 29-Mar-2015
UTA researcher earns NSF grant to study biodiversity in Africa
UT Arlington assistant biology professor Matthew Fujita has earned a National Science Foundation grant to study the rich species diversity in West and Central Africa.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bridget Lewis
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 29-Mar-2015
Race, ethnicity, gender, family income to be studied as metrics for STEM success
Sarah Ovink, an assistant professor of sociology at Virginia Tech, will study inequalities in college achievement and subsequent career success among women and underrepresented minorities in STEM fields with a 2015 National Science Foundation Faculty Early Development CAREER Award.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jean Elliott
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Applications in Plant Sciences
The shortest DNA sequences reveal insights into the world's tallest trees
Coast redwoods (Sequioa sempervirens), famous for being the world's tallest trees, are also unusual for their ability to reproduce clonally from stumps, fallen logs, and roots. Researchers have outlined a new method in Applications in Plant Sciences to identify clonal lineages and study clonal diversity across the species' geographic range. Genetic data produced from this protocol could help guide sustainable forest management of commercial young-growth forests and also improve efforts to preserve ancient redwood populations.
National Science Foundation, Save the Redwoods League, University of California Berkeley

Contact: Beth Parada
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Journal of Climate
Climate change does not cause extreme winters
Cold snaps like the ones that hit the eastern United States in the past winters are not a consequence of climate change. Scientists at ETH Zurich and the California Institute of Technology have shown that global warming actually tends to reduce temperature variability.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tapio Schneider
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
Big data allows computer engineers to find genetic clues in humans
Computer scientists at Washington University in St. Louis' School of Engineering & Applied Science tackled some big data about an important protein and discovered its connection in human history as well as clues about its role in complex neurological diseases.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Municipal Government of Wuhan, Hubei, China

Contact: Julie Flory
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Journal of Mammalogy
A peek at the secret life of pandas
The world is fascinated by the reclusive giant pandas, yet precious little is known about how they spend their time in the Chinese bamboo forests. Until now. A team of Michigan State University (MSU) researchers who have been electronically stalking five pandas in the wild, courtesy of rare GPS collars, have finished crunching months of data and has published some panda surprises in this month's Journal of Mammalogy.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Sue Nichols
Michigan State University

Showing releases 526-550 out of 805.

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