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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 526-550 out of 890.

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Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
UMass Amherst receives $4.2 million to train next national cybersecurity workforce
A team of cybersecurity researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst led by computer scientist Brian Levine has a received a $4.2 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to bring a CyberCorps Scholarship for Service (SFS) program to the campus, the first public university in New England to receive such an award.
NSF/CyberCorps Scholarship for Service Program

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Crouching protein, hidden enzyme
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and the University of California (UC), Berkeley shows how a crucial molecular enzyme starts in a tucked-in somersault position and flips out when it encounters the right target.
Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation, Pew Scholars program, NIH, Searle Scholars Program, NSF CAREER Program, HHMI and a NSF Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
New theory aids search for universe's origin
In a new study, scientists from The University of Texas at Dallas and their colleagues suggest a novel way for probing the beginning of space and time, potentially revealing secrets about the conditions that gave rise to the universe.
UT Dallas, Harvard, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
NSF CAREER award supports researcher's cyber-physical systems work
Pavithra Prabhakar, Kansas State University assistant professor of computing and information sciences, has received a five-year $446,000 CAREER award for her research on cyber-physical systems.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pavithra Prabhakar
Kansas State University

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
IEEE Communications Magazine
Living in the '90s? So are underwater wireless networks
University at Buffalo engineers are developing hardware and software tools to help underwater telecommunication catch up to its over-the-air counterpart.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cory Nealon
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Nature Materials
Novel 4-D printing method blossoms from botanical inspiration
A team of scientists at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences has evolved their microscale 3-D printing technology to the fourth dimension, time. Inspired by natural structures like plants, which respond and change their form over time according to environmental stimuli, the team has unveiled 4-D-printed hydrogel composite structures that change shape upon immersion in water.
Army Research Office, National Science Foundation's Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

Contact: Kat J. McAlpine
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A new model emerges for monsoons in a changing global climate
A Yale University study suggests that continent-scale monsoons will adapt to climate change gradually, without suddenly losing their watery oomph.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Jim Shelton
Yale University

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Physical Review Letters
In galaxy clustering, mass may not be the only thing that matters
An international team of researchers has shown that the relationship between galaxy clusters and their surrounding dark matter halo is more complex than previously thought. The researchers' findings, published in Physical Review Letters today (Jan. 25), are the first to use observational data to show that, in addition to mass, a galaxy cluster's formation history plays a role in how it interacts with its environment.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, World Premier International Research Center Initiative, FIRST program, National Science Foundation, NASA, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Nature Communications
A new quantum approach to big data
MIT research has found that systems for handling massive digital datasets could make impossibly complex problems solvable.
Army Research Office, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative of the Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Nature Microbiology
Study shows large variability in abundance of viruses that infect ocean microorganisms
Marine microorganisms play a critical role in capturing atmospheric carbon, but a new study finds much less certainty than previously believed about the populations of the viruses that infect these important organisms.
National Science Foundation, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Simons Foundation

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study shows animals with larger brains are best problem solvers
Despite decades of research, the idea that relative brain size predicts cognitive abilities remains highly controversial, because there is still little experimental evidence to support it. However, a paper released today describes a massive experiment that supports the theory.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Benson-Amram
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 22-Jan-2016
Nature Communications
Self-stacking nanogrids
In a new paper in the journal Nature Communications, MIT researchers describe the first technique for stacking layers of block-copolymer wires such that the wires in one layer naturally orient themselves perpendicularly to those in the layer below.
National Science Foundation, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Corporation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 22-Jan-2016
Scientific Reports
Call of the wild: Male geladas captivate females with moans, yawns
For female gelada monkeys, a grunt from a male primate won't suffice to get her attention. The call of the wild must involve moans, wobbles or yawns to entice these females, according to a new University of Michigan study involving the Ethiopian mammals.
National Geographic Society, Leakey Foundation, National Science Foundation, University of Michigan

Contact: Jared Wadley
University of Michigan

Public Release: 21-Jan-2016
University of Arizona sociologists: Teen pregnancy not an isolated issue
Christina Diaz and Jeremy E. Fiel made a telling discovery: Young motherhood has different consequences for different women, depending on socioeconomic and other factors. Findings from their nationwide study were published in which was published in a January 2016 issue of Demography, a peer-reviewed journal.
Ford Foundation, US Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences, National Science Foundation's Graduate Research Fellowship, Center of Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin

Contact: Christina Diaz
University of Arizona

Public Release: 21-Jan-2016
Cool science (very cool) examines how ice storms may shape the future of northern forests
While ice storms are a powerful force in forests, they are also inherently difficult to study because scientists have little lead time on when and where these storms are going to occur. Scientists at the USDA Forest Service's Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest are changing that equation, and instead of waiting for the next big storm to hit, they are creating their own artificial ice storms.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jane Hodgins
USDA Forest Service - Northern Research Station

Public Release: 21-Jan-2016
Ecology and Evolution
UI biologists find sexuality, not extra chromosomes, benefits animal
Why do animals engage in sexual reproduction? UI biologists sought answers with mud snails that breed both sexually and asexually. They found that asexual snails grow faster and reach reproductive age quicker than sexual snails, which raises new questions about sex's role in reproduction. Results published this month in the journal Ecology and Evolution.
US National Science Foundation, Research Council of Norway, Iowa Center for Research for Undergraduates

Contact: Richard Lewis
University of Iowa

Public Release: 21-Jan-2016
Zoologica Scripta
Tiny Australian leech named for best-selling author Amy Tan
Researchers have named a new leech after best-selling author Amy Tan based on an innovative method for peering inside soft-bodied animals. Chtonobdella tanae is the first new species of invertebrate without chitinous or calcified tissues (like a shell or exoskeleton) to be described with computed tomography (CT). The work opens possibilities for non-destructively studying a group of animals ranging from worms to jellyfish that represent a huge part of the tree of life.
National Science Foundation, Stavros Niarchos Foundation

Contact: Kendra Snyder
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 21-Jan-2016
New study zeros in on plate tectonics' start date
A new study from the University of Maryland suggests that plate tectonics -- the dynamic processes that formed Earth's mountains, volcanoes and continents -- began about 3 billion years ago. By analyzing trace element ratios that correlate to magnesium content in ancient Earth's crust, the researchers provide first-order geochemical evidence for when plate tectonics first got underway.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew Wright
University of Maryland

Public Release: 21-Jan-2016
Ecology Letters
Evolutionary clock ticks for snowshoe hares facing climate change
Snowshoe hare populations could decline steeply by mid-century unless the hares are able to adapt to winters with less snowfall, when their white coats make them easy prey. The good news: A wide range of molt times could enable snowshoe hares to evolve through natural selection.
National Science Foundation's Division of Environmental Biology, US Geological Survey National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center, Bureau of Land Management (Missoula Field Office), US Department of Interior's Southeast Climate Center

Contact: Marketa Zimova
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 20-Jan-2016
After repeated pounding, antihydrogen reveals its charge: Zero
Per the Standard Model of Particle Physics, the electrical charge of matter and antimatter should be opposite and equal. But is that true? A UC Berkeley-led team used the antihydrogen trap of the ALPHA collaboration at CERN to test this by measuring the charges of these anti-atoms. By randomly hitting trapped antihydrogen with an electric field, they were able to determine that the anti-atom is neutral to 0.7 ppb: 20 times better than earlier bounds.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 20-Jan-2016
Journal of Neural Engineering
Penn-engineered neural networks show hope for axonal repair with minimal disruption to brain tissue
Lab-grown neural networks have the ability to replace lost axonal tracks in the brains of patients with severe head injuries, strokes or neurodegenerative diseases and can be safely delivered with minimal disruption to brain tissue, according to new research from Penn Medicine's department of Neurosurgical Research. Their work is published in the Journal of Neural Engineering.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 20-Jan-2016
Like air traffic, information flows through neuron 'hubs' in the brain, finds IU study
A new study from Indiana University, reported today in the journal Neuroscience, shows that 70 percent of all information within cortical regions in the brain passes through only 20 percent of these regions' neurons.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 20-Jan-2016
Nano Letters
Switchable material could enable new memory chips
MIT researchers have found that small voltage can flip thin film between two crystal states -- one metallic, one semiconducting.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 20-Jan-2016
Soft Robotics
'Squishy' robot fingers aid deep sea exploration
Researchers have designed the first application of soft robotics for the non-destructive sampling of fauna from the ocean floor Their recent expedition in the Red Sea successfully demonstrated the new technology, which could enhance researchers' ability to collect samples from largely unexplored habitats thousands of feet beneath the ocean surface, areas that scientists believe are biodiversity hotspots teeming with unknown life. The soft grippers also could be useful in underwater archaeology.
National Geographic Innovation Challenge Grant, National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Karoff
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 19-Jan-2016
Nature Nanotechnology
Bismuth-based nanoribbons show 'topological' transport, potential for new technologies
Researchers have created nanoribbons of an emerging class of materials called topological insulators and used a magnetic field to control their semiconductor properties, a step toward harnessing the technology to study exotic physics and building new spintronic devices or quantum computers.
DARPA, National Science Foundation

Contact: emil venere
Purdue University

Showing releases 526-550 out of 890.

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