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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 526-550 out of 903.

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Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Impact of climate change on parasite infections depends on host immunity
New research demonstrates how climate change and an individual's immune reaction can affect the dynamics of parasite infections. The study's results could lead to new strategies for the treatment and prevention of infections from soil-transmitted parasites in humans, livestock, and wildlife. A video is available at https://youtu.be/BVuUAyxOHPg.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
science@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
Combating the sinister side of crowdsourcing
Computer science researchers at Utah State University have secured a major grant for an ongoing study on crowdsource manipulation. This growing and lucrative corner of the Internet impacts everything from e-commerce sites to social media and threatens to undermine even basic online trustworthiness.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kyumin Lee
kyumin.lee@usu.edu
435-797-8420
Utah State University

Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society
Disease, warming oceans rock lobster and sea star populations
Two new Cornell University studies show how diverse marine organisms are susceptible to diseases made worse by warming oceans. The first study warns that warm sea temperatures in 2015 may increase the levels of epizootic shell disease in American lobster in the northern Gulf of Maine in 2016. The second provides the first evidence linking warmer ocean temperatures with a West Coast epidemic of sea star wasting disease that has infected more than 20 species and devastated populations since 2013.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melissa Osgood
mmo59@cornell.edu
607-255-2059
Cornell University

Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
Scientific Reports
Advance could aid development of nanoscale biosensors
A technique called plasmonic interferometry has the potential to enable compact, ultra-sensitive biosensors for a variety of applications. A fundamental advance made by Brown University engineers could help make such devices more practical.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 16-Feb-2016
Journal of Molecular Biology
Journal to publish paper by video-gamers based on Stanford online RNA game
A scientific paper written by video-gamers has been accepted for publication in a peer-reviewed journal, perhaps the first time since the days of Benjamin Franklin that work led by non-credentialed 'citizen scientists' will appear in such a format.
W.M. Keck Medical Research Foundation, Burroughs-Wellcome Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Bruce Goldman
goldmanb@stanford.edu
650-725-2106
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Feb-2016
Journal of The Royal Society Interface
Penn engineers use network science to predict how ligaments fail
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania's School of Engineering and Applied Science are using network science to gain new insights into 'subfailure' ligament injuries, which can lead to pain and dysfunction despite the lack of obvious physical evidence.
National Institutes of Health, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 15-Feb-2016
The science of jet noise
Daniel Bodony, at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), is looking into the science surrounding the aeroacoustics of jet engines and researching how to make them quieter.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Faith Singer
faith@tacc.utexas.edu
512-232-5771
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 15-Feb-2016
Nature
An international group synthesizes georgeite for first time
An international group of researchers has synthesized an extremely rare mineral and used it as a catalyst precursor to improve two reactions that are of great importance to the chemical industry. The results have been published today in an article in Nature.
UK Technology Strategy Board, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, UK Catalysis Hub, DOE/Argonne National Laboratory, NSF/Major Research Instrumentation Program

Contact: Lori Friedman
lof214@lehigh.edu
610-758-3224
Lehigh University

Public Release: 15-Feb-2016
Nano Letters
Light used to measure the 'big stretch' in spider silk proteins
While working to improve a tool that measures the pushes and pulls sensed by proteins in living cells, biophysicists at Johns Hopkins say they've discovered one reason spiders' silk is so elastic: Pieces of the silk's protein threads act like supersprings, stretching to five times their initial length. The investigators say the tool will shed light on many biological events, including the shifting forces between cells during cancer metastasis.
National Science Foundation Physics Frontier Centers, NIh/National Institute of General Medical Sciences , NIh/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, American Heart Association

Contact: Catherine Gara
ckolf@jhmi.edu
443-287-2251
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 14-Feb-2016
2016 AAAS Annual Meeting
What values are important to scientists?
While many people are marking today scrutinizing the virtues of their Valentines, Michigan State University revealed a first-of-its-kind study on the virtues and values of scientists. The study, presented at the meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Washington, D.C., surveyed nearly 500 astronomers, biologists, chemists, physicists and earth scientists to identify the core traits of exemplary scientists.
John Templeton Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Science Advances
A new form of frozen water?
A University of Nebraska-Lincoln-led research team has predicted a new molecular form of ice with a record-low density. If the ice can be synthesized, it would become the 18th known crystalline form of water and the first discovered in the US since before World War II.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Xiao Cheng Zeng, UNL chemistry professor
xzeng@unl.edu
402-472-9894
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Cell Stem Cell
Stem cell gene therapy could be key to treating Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Scientists at UCLA have developed a new approach that could eventually be used to treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy. The stem cell gene therapy could be applicable for 60 percent of people with Duchenne, which affects approximately 1 in 5,000 boys in the US and is the most common fatal childhood genetic disease.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program, NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, Rose Hills Foundation Research Award, California Institute for Regene

Contact: Mirabai Vogt-James
mvogt@mednet.ucla.edu
310-562-8664
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Rare beluga data show whales dive to maximize meals
As the Arctic continues to change due to rising temperatures, melting sea ice and human interest in developing oil and shipping routes, it's important to understand belugas' baseline behavior, argue the authors of a new paper.
NSF/Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship Program on Ocean Change

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Current Biology
Ants were socializing -- and sparring -- nearly 100 million years ago, Rutgers study finds
Like people, ants have often fought over food and territory. But ants began fighting long before humans: at least 99 million years ago, according to Phillip Barden, a fossil insect expert who works in the Insect and Evolution Lab of Jessica L. Ware, an assistant professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Rutgers University-Newark.
National Science Foundation, American Museum of Natural History, Richard Gilder Graduate School, University of Kansas

Contact: Todd B. Bates
tbates@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Science
UW scientists create ultrathin semiconductor heterostructures for new technologies
University of Washington scientists have successfully combined two different ultrathin semiconductors -- each just one layer of atoms thick and roughly 100,000 times thinner than a human hair -- to make a new two-dimensional heterostructure with potential uses in clean energy and optically-active electronics.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, University of Washington Clean Energy Institute

Contact: James Urton
jurton@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
PLOS Biology
On Darwin's birthday, IU study sheds new light on plant evolution
A study reported today in the journal PLOS Biology employs genome-wide sequencing to the reveal highly specific details about the evolutionary mechanisms that drove genetic divergence in 13 species of wild tomatoes that share a recent common ancestor. The in-depth genetic analysis was led by Leonie C. Moyle, professor in the IU Bloomington College of Arts and Sciences' Department of Biology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Scientific Reports
New CU study confirms giant flightless bird wandered the Arctic 50 million years ago
New research by the University of Colorado Boulder and the Chinese Academy of Sciences confirms there really was a giant, flightless bird with a head the size of a horse's wandering about in the winter twilight of the high Arctic some 53 million years ago.
National Science Foundation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Natural Science Foundation

Contact: Jaelyn Eberle
jaelyn.eberle@colorado.edu
303-492-8069
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-16)
UMD-led team first to solve well-known game theory scenario
A team of computer scientists from the University of Maryland, Stanford University and Microsoft Research is the first to solve a game theory scenario that has vexed researchers for nearly a century. The game, known as 'Colonel Blotto,' has been used to analyze the potential outcomes of elections and other similar two-party conflicts since its invention in 1921. Until now, however, the game has been of limited use because it lacked a definitive solution.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Google

Contact: Matthew Wright
mewright@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
PLOS ONE
Study finds fish larvae are better off in groups
A recent study provides new evidence that larvae swim faster, straighter and more consistently in a common direction when together in a group. The research led by scientists at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science is the first to observe group orientation behaviors of larval fish.
OTIC grant from the National Science Foundation.

Contact: Diana Udel
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
UM professor earns prestigious CAREER Award from National Science Foundation
University of Montana Assistant Professor John McCutcheon recently received the National Science Foundation's most prestigious award for junior faculty.
National Science Foundation, Murdock Trust

Contact: John McCutcheon
john.mccutcheon@umontana.edu
406-243-6071
The University of Montana

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
Current Biology
100-mllion-year-old amber preserves oldest animal societies
Fighting ants, giant solider termites, and foraging worker ants recently discovered in 100-million-year-old amber provide direct evidence for advanced social behavior in ancient ants and termites -- two groups that are immensely successful because of their ability to organize in hierarchies. The new work proves that advanced sociality in ants and termites was present tens of millions of years earlier than indicated by the previous fossil record.
National Science Foundation, University of Kansas, American Museum of Natural History/Richard Gilder Graduate School

Contact: Kendra Snyder
ksnyder@amnh.org
212-496-3419
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
'Electrospray' could revolutionize manufacturing; grant recipient to explore 3-D printing
Paul Chiarot, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Binghamton University, recently received a five-year, $500,000 grant from the National Science Foundation's most prestigious program for early-career researchers, and he aims to redefine 3-D printing at a very fine scale. His 'electrospray' technique puts tiny particles into a solvent and applies them to a surface, creating electronics in a process not unlike an inkjet printer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Brhel
jbrhel@binghamton.edu
607-777-3280
Binghamton University

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
Physical Review D
GGC physicist leads team in innovative black hole research
A first-ever computer simulation shows that, contrary to previous understandings, objects approaching a rotating black hole would not be crushed by the increasing gravity -- supporting some popular science fiction scenarios. The work also provides the first methodologies for computer simulations of rotating black holes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sally Ramey
sramey@ggc.edu
678-407-5426
Georgia Gwinnett College

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
Frontiers in Microbiology
Herpes outbreak, other marine viruses linked to coral bleaching event
A study has concluded that significant outbreaks of viruses may be associated with coral bleaching events, especially as a result of multiple environmental stresses. One such event was documented even as it happened in a three-day period. It showed how an explosion of three viral groups, including a herpes-like virus, occurred just as corals were bleaching in one part of the Great Barrier Reef off the east coast of Australia.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Rebecca Vega-Thurber
Rebecca.vega-thurber@oregonstate.edu
541-737-1851
Oregon State University

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
LIGO Scientific Collaboration news conference
Physical Review Letters
LIGO confirms RIT's breakthrough prediction of gravitational waves
LIGO's direct observation of a gravitational wave signal from a binary black-hole merger matches the numerical model of the waveform confirmed by RIT researchers and predicted in their breakthrough paper, 'Accurate Evolutions of Orbiting Black-Hole Binaries without Excision,' published in Physical Review Letters, on March 22, 2006. The LSC's upcoming paper prominently cites the earlier landmark research on binary black hole mergers led by Manuela Campanelli, director of RIT's Center for Computational Relativity and Gravitation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology

Showing releases 526-550 out of 903.

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