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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 526-550 out of 904.

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Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Optics Letters
Tunable windows for privacy, camouflage
Researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have developed a technique that can quickly change the opacity of a window, turning it cloudy, clear or somewhere in between with the flick of a switch.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Light illuminates the way for bio-bots
A new class of miniature biological robots, or bio-bots, has seen the light -- and is following where the light shines. The bio-bots are powered by muscle cells that have been genetically engineered to respond to light, giving researchers control over the bots' motion, a key step toward their use in applications for health, sensing and the environment.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
eahlberg@illinois.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
No dramatic shifts in BMI for overweight girls a year after receiving fitness assessment
Teens being classified as overweight in school fitness reports does not appear to have any impact on short-term changes in body mass index, finds a new study by NYU, Syracuse, and Columbia.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Rachel Harrison
rachel.harrison@nyu.edu
212-998-6797
New York University

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Newly found species reveals how T. rex became king of dinosaurs
The remains of a new species of horse-sized dinosaur reveal how Tyrannosaurus rex became one of Earth's top predators, a study suggests.
European Commission, National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society, Russian Scientific Fund Project

Contact: Catriona Kelly
Catriona.Kelly@ed.ac.uk
44-131-651-4401
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Carbon from land played a role during last deglaciation
As the Earth emerged from its last ice age several thousand years ago, atmospheric carbon dioxide increased and further warmed the planet. Scientists have long speculated that the primary source of this CO2 was from the deep ocean around Antarctica, though it has been difficult to prove. A study published this week confirmed that theory.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ed Brook
brook@geo.oregonstate.edu
541-737-8197
Oregon State University

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Newly discovered dinosaur reveals how T. rex became king of the Cretaceous
The fossilized remains of a new horse-sized dinosaur reveal how Tyrannosaurus rex and its close relatives became top predators, according to a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
European Commission, National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society

Contact: Ryan Lavery
laveryr@si.edu
202-633-2950
Smithsonian

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Journal of Cell Biology
ROBO1 helps cells put up stiff resistance
A protein called ROBO1 may delay the progression of breast cancer, according to a paper published in The Journal of Cell Biology. The study, 'Loss of miR-203 regulates cell shape and matrix adhesion through ROBO1/Rac/FAK in response to stiffness' by Lily Thao-Nhi Le and colleagues, identifies a signaling pathway that may protect breast cells from the tumorigenic effects of stiff extracellular matrices.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, US Department of Defense, University of California Office of The President

Contact: Ben Short
bshort@rockefeller.edu
212-327-7053
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 14-Mar-2016
Psychological Science
Where we live affects our bias against mixed-race individuals, psychology study finds
Whites living in areas where they are less exposed to those of other races have a harder time categorizing mixed-race individuals than do Whites with greater interracial exposure, a condition that is associated with greater prejudice against mixed-race individuals, a new experimental study shows.
National Science Foundation, Division of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 11-Mar-2016
Toward the IoT -- A framework for data analytics on digital device networks
With the support of the National Science Foundation, researcher Stacy Patterson is building tools that developers can use to easily perform data analytics over a multitude of devices.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mary Martialay
martim12@rpi.edu
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 11-Mar-2016
American Educational Research Journal
Science curriculum tailored to English language learners boosts student achievement
In a large-scale study involving more than 6,000 fifth graders, an innovative science curriculum was found to have a positive impact on science learning for students with different levels of English proficiency.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Rachel Harrison
rachel.harrison@nyu.edu
212-998-6797
New York University

Public Release: 11-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
A foldable material that can change size, volume and shape
Harvard researchers have designed a new type of foldable material that is versatile, tunable and self actuated. It can change size, volume and shape; it can fold flat to withstand the weight of an elephant without breaking, and pop right back up to prepare for the next task.
The Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, National Science Foundation, The Wyss Institute

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 11-Mar-2016
Science Advances
Experiment shows magnetic chips could dramatically increase computing's energy efficiency
UC Berkeley scientists show magnetic bits operating at one-millionth the energy of today's chips.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
Fighting world hunger: MU team receives $4 million NSF grant to advance crop research
Developing drought-tolerant corn varieties that make efficient use of available water is vital to sustain the estimated 9 billion global population by 2050. For the past several decades, University of Missouri researchers have been working to solve this world hunger problem and have made significant strides. Now, the National Science Foundation has awarded MU a $4.2 million grant to fund a four-year project to study how corn maintains root growth in drought conditions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
Science
Down the rabbit hole: How electrons travel through exotic new material
Researchers at Princeton University have observed a bizarre behavior in a strange new crystal that could hold the key for future electronic technologies. Unlike most materials in which electrons travel on the surface, in these new materials the electrons sink into the depths of the crystal through special conductive channels.
Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, DOE/Basic Energy Sciences, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
Developing multiline anchor system for floating offshore wind turbines
The principal goal of the research is to develop offshore floating wind farms where the individual floating wind turbines are moored using a networked series of anchors and cables that hold the entire wind farm in place. Currently, each floating wind turbine has its own individual anchoring system. The proposed networked system would save money and require fewer anchors and geotechnical site investigations, the researchers say.
National Science Foundation's, Vryhof Anchors

Contact: Patrick Callahan
pjcall@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
Climatic Change
Climate change less politicized among minority groups
Race and ethnicity as a function of climate-change attitudes is the subject of a recent study by Jonathon Schuldt, assistant professor of communication in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, and collaborator Adam Pearson, assistant professor of psychology at Pomona (Calif.) College.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melissa Osgood
mmo59@cornell.edu
607-255-2059
Cornell University

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
Insect Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
How stick insects handle indigestive food
Plant cell walls are comprised of many complex polymers that require multiple different enzymes to fully break down, such as cellulase to digest cellulose and xylanase to digest xylan. For decades scientists thought only microbes could produce cellulase, until cellulase genes were found in wood-feeding insects. Now, researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, discovered that stick insects produce cellulases that can handle several types of cell wall polymers equally.
National Science Foundation, University of California -- Davis, Max Planck Society

Contact: Matan Shelomi
mshelomi@ice.mpg.de
49-364-157-1560
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Early human habitat, recreated for first time, shows life was no picnic
Scientists have pieced together an early human habitat for the first time, and life was no picnic in Tanzania in East Africa 1.8 million years ago.
Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd B. Bates
tbates@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
CHI 2016
Smartphone security: Why doodling trumps text passwords
Someday soon, you may be able to log into your smartphone with sweeping gestures or doodling, using one or more fingers. Rutgers University researchers have performed the first study of free-form gesture passwords for smartphones in the field. Such passwords allow people to draw a password of any shape with any number of fingers. Gesture, or doodling, passwords are very suitable for touchscreens, faster to use, easy to remember and hard to guess.
National Science Foundation, Department of Defense through the National Defense Science & Engineering Graduate Fellowship Program

Contact: Todd B. Bates
tbates@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 10-Mar-2016
PLOS ONE
Major source of methanol in the ocean identified
As one of the most abundant organic compounds on the planet, methanol occurs naturally in the environment as plants release it as they grow and decompose. It is also found in the ocean, where it is a welcome food source for ravenous microbes that feast on it for energy and growth.
National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Relations Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
UTA alums receive NSF small-business grant to spur K-12 STEM interest through technology
A team of UTA engineering and business school graduates is designing a hands-on, reconfigurable Build-Teach-Play Robots package to stimulate STEM learning in kindergarten through 12th grades.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
The Science of Nature
Seeing the light: Army ants evolve to regain sight and more in return to surface
A study of army ants revealed that some species increased their brain size, including visual brain regions, after evolving above-ground behavior. Their ancestors had lived mainly underground for nearly 60 million years. Such increases in brain capacity are a rarely-studied evolutionary phenomenon.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Frank Otto
fmo26@drexel.edu
215-571-4244
Drexel University

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
Plant pathologist awarded nearly $2 million
Hailing Jin, a University of California, Riverside professor of plant pathology and microbiology, recently received two grants totaling $1.95 million to study molecular regulatory mechanisms of plant immunity and pathogen virulence, which will help with disease control and to ensure the quality and quantity of agricultural food production.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-1287
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
Announcing the PALM Network Spring 2016 Fellows
The Genetics Society of America takes an active and collaborative role in the Promoting Active Learning & Mentoring Network, along with our partners: the American Society for Cell Biology and the American Society of Plant Biologists. PALM funds one-on-one, long-term mentorships for faculty or postdocs new to the effective biology education approaches outlined in the Vision and Change recommendations.
NSF Research Coordination Network in Undergraduate Biology Education

Contact: Chloe Poston
cposton@genetics-gsa.org
301-634-7302
Genetics Society of America

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
NSF awards IU biologist $750,000 to study effect of environment on development
An Indiana University biologist has been awarded $750,000 to identify the genetic mechanism that makes up a 'switch' allowing some genetically identical species to develop strikingly different physical characteristics based on their environment, a phenomenon known as 'polyphenism.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Showing releases 526-550 out of 904.

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