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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 551-575 out of 912.

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Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
UMass Amherst neuroscientist receives grant to study how brain regulates locomotion
Neurobiologist Gerald Downes, with chemist James Chambers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and Amherst College neurobiologist Josef Trapani, have been awarded a three-year $824,025 collaborative research grant from the National Science Foundation to study the zebrafish brain to better understand how neurons regulate locomotion.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
Louisiana Tech University researchers to contribute to NSF-funded consortium
Through a $20 million National Science Foundation grant awarded to the Louisiana Board of Regents, Louisiana Tech University will play an important role in a new state-wide consortium that will focus on research and development of advanced manufacturing techniques based on metals and alloys.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Guerin
Louisiana Tech University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
Journal of Nanoparticle Research
'Quantum dot' technology may help light the future
Advances in manufacturing technology for 'quantum dots' may soon lead to a new generation of LED lighting that produces a more user-friendly white light, while using less toxic materials and low-cost manufacturing processes that take advantage of simple microwave heating. It could help the nation cut its lighting bill in half.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Greg Herman
Oregon State University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
PLOS Biology
The pronoun I is becoming obsolete
Recent microbiological research has shown that plants and animals, including humans, are not autonomous individuals but are holobionts: biomolecular networks that consist of visible hosts plus millions of invisible microbes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
Ecology and Evolution
Forgotten sex signals
Sending signals to the opposite sex isn't always a trait that's passed on to animals' offspring, according to new research conducted at Michigan State University.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
Michigan State University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
Ecological Applications
Drought implicated in slow death of trees in southeast's forests
Damage suffered by trees during a drought can reduce their long-term survival for up to a decade after the drought ends, a new study of tree mortality in southeastern forests finds. By identifying the symptoms that mark a tree for later death and the species that are at highest risk, the study's findings may give managers and scientists a way to recognize and reverse drought-induced declines before it's too late.
National Science Foundation, Coweeta Long Term Ecological Research

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Computer models show significant tsunami strength for Ventura and Oxnard, California
Ventura and Oxnard in California could be vulnerable to the effects of a local earthquake-generated tsunami, according to computer models used by research team, led by UC Riverside seismologists. According to their 3-D models, a magnitude 7.7 earthquake on faults located offshore Ventura would result in many parts of the regional coastline being inundated a few kilometers inland by a tsunami wave. Further, a southward moving tsunami would rotate and focus on the Ventura/Oxnard area.
National Science Foundation, US Geological Survey

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
Female fish genitalia evolve in response to predators, interbreeding
Female fish in the Bahamas have developed ways of showing males that 'No means no.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Langerhans
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
European Signal Processing Conference
Algorithm interprets breathing difficulties to aid in medical care
Researchers have developed an efficient algorithm that can interpret the wheezing of patients with breathing difficulties to give medical providers information about what's happening in the lungs. The work is part of a larger, ongoing project to develop wearable smart medical sensors for monitoring, collecting and interpreting personal health data.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2015
Scientific Reports
Introducing the single-cell maze runner
The findings of Virginia Tech's Biomedical and Engineering Mechanics Associate Professor Sunghwan 'Sunny' Jung and his students on somersaulting single-cell organisms could impact the study of how the containment affects the behavior of organisms, used in a wide variety of engineering and scientific applications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lynn Nystrom
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Association for Computing Machinery Special Interest Group on Data Communication (ACM SIGCOMM)
New internet routing method allows users to avoid sending data through undesired countries
University of Maryland computer scientists have developed a method for providing concrete proof to Internet users that their information did not cross through specified, undesired geographic areas. Called Alibi Routing, the system is immediately deployable and does not require knowledge of -- or modifications to -- the Internet's routing hardware or policies. The method will be presented on Aug. 20 at the Association for Computing Machinery Special Interest Group on Data Communication conference in London.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, Amazon Web Services in Education

Contact: Abby Robinson
University of Maryland

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Science of the Total Environment
Setting ground rules for nanotechnology research
In two new studies, researchers from across the country spearheaded by Duke University faculty have begun to design the framework on which to build the emerging field of nanoinformatics -- the combination of nanoscale research and informatics.
National Science Foundation, Environmental Protection Agency, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the 21st ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining
Cell phones help track of flu on campus
Personal health and lifestyle data captured through smartphone apps can help identify college students at risk of catching the flu. With help from a mobile app that monitors who students interact with and when, North Carolina researchers have developed a model that enables them to predict the spread of influenza infections. Unlike most models, their approach gives a personalized daily forecast for each patient.
National Science Foundation, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Environmental Science & Technology
Examining the fate of Fukushima contaminants
An international research team reports results of a three-year study of sediment samples collected offshore from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant in a new paper published Aug. 18, 2015, in the American Chemical Society's journal, Environmental Science and Technology. The research aids in understanding what happens to Fukushima contaminants after they are buried on the seafloor off coastal Japan.
National Science Foundation, Deerbook Charitable Trust, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Global warming lethal to baby lizards: Nests become heat traps
The expected impact of climate change on North American lizards is much worse than first thought. A team of biologists led by Arizona State University investigators has discovered that lizard embryos die when subjected to a temperature of 110 degrees Fahrenheit even for a few minutes. They also discovered a bias in previous studies, which ignored early life stages such as embryos. Embryonic lizards are immobile and cannot cool off when surrounding soil becomes hot.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sandra Leander
Arizona State University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Targeting HIV in semen to shut down AIDS
There may be two new ways to fight AIDS -- using a heat shock protein or a small molecule -- to attack fibrils in semen associated with HIV during the initial phases of infection. HIV is most commonly transmitted in semen, which contains amyloid fibrils. These can increase the transmission of HIV by helping the it attach to the membrane surrounding human cells.
NSF/Graduate Research Fellowship, NIH/Director's New Innovator Award, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Grand Challenges Explorations Award, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 18-Aug-2015
Nature Communications
Fossil study: Dogs evolved with climate change
A cooling, drying climate over the last 40 million years turned North America from a warm and wooded place into the drier, open plains we know today. A new study shows how dogs evolved in response to those changes, demonstrating that predators are sensitive to climate change because it alters the hunting opportunities in their habitat.
Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, Bushnell Foundation, National Science Foundation, and Frick Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Challenge to classic theory of 'organic' solar cells could improve efficiency
New research findings contradict a fundamental assumption about the functioning of 'organic' solar cells made of low-cost plastics, suggesting a new strategy for creating inexpensive solar technology.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, US Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Emil Venere
Purdue University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Controlling the uncontrollable
Soft machines and robots are capable of moving, jumping and gripping objects thanks to soft, inflatable segments called fluidic actuators. These actuators require large amounts of air or water to change shape, making the machines slow, bulky and difficult to untether but a team of researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Science have engineered a new, soft actuator that harnesses the power of instability to trigger instantaneous movement.
The Materials Research Science and Engineering Center, The National Science Foundation, The Wyss Institute of Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 17-Aug-2015
UMass Amherst to commercialize math tutoring software
University of Massachusetts Amherst computer scientist Beverly Woolf, an international leader in intelligent tutoring systems and expert in science and mathematics learning, recently received a one-year, $199,944 grant from the National Science Foundation to commercialize the intelligent tutor known as MathSpring for e-learning in mathematics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 17-Aug-2015
Physical Review Letters
Dancing droplets launch themselves from thin fibers
Researchers have observed droplets spontaneously fling themselves from thin fibers. The phenomenon occurs so long as the fibers are small enough relative to the coalescing droplets and moderately hydrophobic, and has applications ranging from water purification to oil refining.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2015
Neuroimage: Clinical
Carnegie Mellon BrainHub scientists visualize critical part of basal ganglia pathways
Certain diseases, like Parkinson's and Huntingdon's disease, are associated with damage to the pathways between the brain's basal ganglia regions. For the first time, Carnegie Mellon University BrainHub scientists have used a non-invasive brain-imaging tool to detect the pathways that connect the parts of the basal ganglia.
NSF/BIG DATA Grant,e Army Research Laboratory, and CNUP

Contact: Shilo Rea
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 17-Aug-2015
Nature Geoscience
1,800 years of global ocean cooling halted by global warming
Prior to the advent of human-caused global warming in the 19th century, the surface layer of Earth's oceans had undergone 1,800 years of a steady cooling trend, according to a new study in the Aug. 17, 2015 issue of the journal Nature Geoscience. The results also indicate that the coolest temperatures occurred during the Little Ice Age -- a period that spanned the 16th through 18th centuries and was known for cooler average temperatures over land.
National Science Foundation, NOAA, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew Wright
University of Maryland

Public Release: 17-Aug-2015
Nature Geoscience
Frequent volcanic eruptions likely cause of long-term ocean cooling
An international team of researchers found an 1800 year-long cooling trend in the surface layer of the Earth's oceans, and that volcanic eruptions were the likely cause of the cooling from 801 to 1800 AD. The coolest temperatures were during the Little Ice Age -- that was before man-made global warming erased the cooling trend in the 1800s.
National Science Foundation, NOAA, Swiss National Science Foundation via the PAGES Project

Contact: Dr Helen McGregor
Past Global Changes IPO

Public Release: 17-Aug-2015
Nature Methods
Stanford engineers develop a wireless, implantable device to stimulate nerves in mice
A blue glowing device the size of a peppercorn can activate neurons of the brain, spinal cord or limbs in mice and is powered wirelessly using the mouse's own body to transfer energy. Developed by a Stanford Bio-X team, the device is the first to deliver optogenetic nerve stimulation in a fully implantable format.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Science Foundation, Stanford Bio-X NeuroVentures, Stanford Bio-X Interdisciplinary Initiatives Program, Stanford Interdisciplinary Graduate Fellowship

Contact: Amy Adams
Stanford University

Showing releases 551-575 out of 912.

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