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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 551-575 out of 952.

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Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Europa's heaving ice might make more heat than scientists thought
A new set of experiments sheds light on how much heat is created when ice is deformed, which could help scientists understand the possibility of a subsurface ocean on one of Jupiter's moons.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Journal of Virology
Surface mutation lets canine parvovirus jump to other species
A key mutation in the protein shell of canine parvovirus -- a single amino acid substitution -- plays a major role in the virus' ability to infect hosts of different species.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Melissa Osgood
Cornell University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Cerebral Cortex
Electrical brain stimulation enhances creativity, researchers say
Safe levels of electrical stimulation can enhance your capacity to think more creatively, according to a new study by Georgetown researchers.
National Science Foundation, John Templeton Foundation, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, Pymetrics

Contact: Ryan King
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
A single-atom magnet breaks new ground for future data storage
EPFL scientists have built a single-atom magnet that is the most stable to date. The breakthrough paves the way for the scalable production of miniature magnetic storage devices.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Competence Centre for Materials Science and Technology, ETH Zurich, EPFL, Marie Curie Institute, Serbian Ministry of Education and Science

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Visualizing and predicting evolution by mapping the elusive 'fitness landscape'
Suppose you were trying to design a vaccine to combat next season's influenza virus. Having a detailed map that tells you exactly how various strains of the flu bug will evolve would be extremely helpful.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Cell Reports
Scientists crack secrets of the monarch butterfly's internal compass
Researchers have cracked the secret of the internal, genetically encoded compass that millions of monarch butterflies use to determine the direction -- southwest -- they should fly each fall to reach central Mexico.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Applied Research Laboratory, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Washington Research Fund

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Chemical weathering controls erosion rates in rivers
Chemical weathering can control how susceptible bedrock in river beds is to erosion, according to new research. In addition to explaining how climate can influence landscape erosion rates, the results also may improve scientists' ability to interpret and predict feedbacks between erosion, plate tectonics and Earth's climate. The research, led by The University of Texas at Austin, was published in Nature on April 14, 2016.
National Science Foundation, Tulane Research Enhancement

Contact: Monica Kortsha
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Some frogs are adapting to deadly pathogen
Some populations of frogs are rapidly adapting to a fungal pathogen called Batrachochrytrium dendrobatridis (Bd) that has decimated many populations for close to half a century and causes the disease chytridiomycosis, according to a new study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melissa Osgood
Cornell University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Undergraduate students come to RIT for research experience in computational sensing
Undergraduate students from around the country will try their hand at research as part of an upcoming Research Experience for Undergraduates at Rochester Institute of Technology. The REU Site in Computational Sensing is funded by a nearly $360,000 grant from the National Science Foundation. The three-year program, starting in May, will allow 10 undergraduate students to attend a 10-week program at RIT each summer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Scott Bureau
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Physical Review Letters
Iowa State physicist analyzes first electron neutrino data from NOvA Experiment
Iowa State physicists are part of the huge NOvA Neutrino Experiment that just published two papers about the first experimental observations of muon neutrinos changing to electron neutrinos. The discovery could offer insight into fundamental neutrino properties such as mass and could help explain the dominance of matter in the universe.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mayly Sanchez
Iowa State University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Electrons slide through the hourglass on surface of bizarre material
A new state of matter in which current flows only through a set of surface channels that resemble an hourglass is the subject of new research by a team at Princeton University. The team theorized that a new particle, the 'hourglass fermion,' is responsible for this current flow. The tuning of the material's properties can sequentially create and destroy the hourglass fermions, suggesting a range of potential applications such as efficient transistor switching.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, W. M. Keck Foundation, Eric and Wendy Schmidt Transformative Technology Fund at Princeton University

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Environmental Science & Technology
Trap and neutralize: A new way to clean contaminated groundwater
A team of researchers from Washington University in St. Louis have helped discover a new chemical method to immobilize uranium in contaminated groundwater, which could lead to more precise and successful water remediation efforts at former nuclear sites.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Erika Ebsworth-Goold
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Global Change Biology
Using data to protect coral reefs from climate change
Coral reefs are early casualties of climate change, but not every coral reacts the same way to the stress of ocean warming. Northwestern University researchers have developed the first-ever quantitative 'global index' detailing which of the world's coral species are most susceptible to coral bleaching and most likely to die. Based on historical data, the index can be used to compare the bleaching responses of the world's corals and to predict which corals may be most affected by future bleaching events.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
25th World Wide Web Conference
ACM Digital Library
Location data on two apps enough to identify someone, says study
A team of researchers at Columbia University and Google demonstrate that location-tagged posts on just two social media apps are enough to link accounts held by the same person and identify him or her, raising new concerns about mobility metadata. The team will present its findings at the World Wide Web conference in Montreal on April 14, 2016.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim Martineau
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
Computers in your clothes? A milestone for wearable electronics
Researchers who are working to develop wearable electronics have reached a milestone: They are able to embroider circuits into fabric with 0.1 mm precision -- the perfect size to integrate electronic components such as sensors and computer memory devices into clothing.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Ohio State University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
The Science of Nature - Naturwissenschaften
Why bearcats smell like buttered popcorn
The bearcat. The binturong. Whatever you call this shy, shaggy-haired creature from Southeast Asia, many people who have met one notice the same thing: it smells like a movie theater snack bar. Most describe it as hot buttered popcorn. And for good reason -- the chemical compound that gives freshly made popcorn its mouthwatering smell is also the major aroma emitted by binturong pee, finds a new study.
Duke University, Hendrix College, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Bubbles lead to disaster
Why are volcanologists interested in vapour bubbles? Because they can accumulate in a magma reservoir underneath a volcano, priming it to explode. Researchers at ETH Zurich and Georgia Institute of Technology have now discovered how bubbles are able to accumulate in the magma.
Swiss National Science Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Dr. Andrea Parmigiani
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 12-Apr-2016
Applied Geochemistry
Oxygen key to containing coal ash contamination
The level of oxygen in a coal ash disposal site can greatly affect how much toxic selenium and arsenic can be leached from the system.
National Science Foundation, Environmental Research and Education Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 12-Apr-2016
Evolutionary Anthropology
The pyrophilic primate
Fire, a tool broadly used for cooking, constructing, hunting and even communicating, was arguably one of the earliest discoveries in human history. But when, how and why it came to be used is hotly debated among scientists. A new scenario crafted by University of Utah anthropologists proposes that human ancestors became dependent on fire as a result of Africa's increasingly fire-prone environment 2-3 million years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Chanapa Tantibanchachai
University of Utah

Public Release: 12-Apr-2016
PLOS Biology
How the brain produces consciousness in 'time slices'
EPFL scientists propose a new way of understanding of how the brain processes unconscious information into our consciousness. According to the model, consciousness arises only in time intervals of up to 400 milliseconds, with gaps of unconsciousness in between.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 12-Apr-2016
Environmental Research Letters
How climate change dries up mountain streams
The western United States relies on mountain snow for its water supply. Water stored as snow in the mountains during winter replenishes groundwater and drives river runoff in spring, filling reservoirs for use later in summer. But how could a warming globe and a changing climate interrupt this process?
National Science Foundation, Dean's Fellowship from the Colorado School of MInes

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
University of Utah

Public Release: 11-Apr-2016
UMass Amherst geoscientists to reconstruct climate at old Norse settlements in Greenland
The National Science Foundation has awarded $348,218 to climate researchers Raymond Bradley and Isla Castaneda at the University of Massachusetts Amherst to analyze sediment records from Greenland's lakes, where Vikings once settled. Researchers will use newly available organic geochemical techniques in the laboratory to reconstruct past temperature and estimate changes in evaporation over time. These analyses should shed light on climate variations during the period of Norse settlement.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 11-Apr-2016
Nature Geoscience
Fertilizer's legacy: Taking a toll on land and water
For the first time, an international group of scientists, including researchers from Arizona State University, has come up with a way to estimate on a large scale how phosphorus flows through an environment over many decades. By doing so, researchers are gaining a better understanding of how and where phosphorus accumulates.
NSF/Research Coordination Network Science, Engineering, and Education for Sustainability Program, University of Notre Dame/Environmental Change Initiative, National Basic Research Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Sandra Leander
Arizona State University

Public Release: 11-Apr-2016
Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Brittle is better for making cement
Rice University researchers model defects found in raw silicates used to make cement and affect the amount of energy used to manufacture concrete. Concrete manufacture is a major contributor of carbon dioxide emissions that impact climate change.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 11-Apr-2016
Journal of General Physiology
Face- and eye-muscle research sheds new light on Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Researchers at Basel University Hospital in Switzerland investigate the biochemical and physiological characteristics of orbicularis oculi, a group of facial muscles that control the eyelids and are selectively spared or involved in different neuromuscular disorders. What they found also helps to explain why another set of muscles -- the extraocular muscles that control the movement of the eye -- are not affected by Duchenne muscular dystrophy, congenital muscular dystrophy, and aging.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Basel University Hospital

Contact: Rory Williams
Rockefeller University Press

Showing releases 551-575 out of 952.

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