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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 551-575 out of 919.

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Public Release: 9-May-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
UCI sleuths search the seas for soot
UCI scientists have taken water samples from the north Pacific, north and south Atlantic, and Arctic oceans in search of repositories of black carbon, soot from burning biomass and diesel engines, among other sources. There is considerably less of the material than expected, and it exists in at least two varieties, a younger pool near the ocean's surface that cycles on a centennial scale and an ancient reserve that remains stable for millennia.
National Science Foundation, NSF/Chemical Oceanography Program and Arctic Research Opportunities

Contact: Brian Bell
bpbell@uci.edu
949-824-8249
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 9-May-2016
IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
This 5-fingered robot hand learns to get a grip on its own
A University of Washington team of computer science and engineering researchers has built a robot hand that can not only perform dexterous manipulation -- one of the most difficult problems in robotics to solve -- but also learn from its own experience.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 9-May-2016
Ecology Letters
Shellfish response to ocean acidification depends on other stressors
A study of California mussels, a key species in the rocky intertidal ecosystems of the West Coast, indicates that the effects of ocean acidification will vary from place to place along the coast depending on a range of interacting factors. Researchers found that the ability of mussels to cope with more acidic conditions depends largely on how much food is available to them, and both factors vary from place to place.
National Science Foundation, University of California, Packard Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 9-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
First single-enzyme method to produce quantum dots revealed
Three Lehigh University engineers have successfully demonstrated the first precisely controlled, biological way to manufacture quantum dots using a single-enzyme, paving the way for a significantly quicker, cheaper and greener production method. Their work was recently featured in an article in The New York Times called 'A curious tale of quantum dots.'
National Science Foundation under Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation-Photosynthetic Bioreactor Program

Contact: Lori Friedman
lof214@lehigh.edu
610-758-3224
Lehigh University

Public Release: 9-May-2016
IEEE RFID 2016
New techniques make RFID tags 25 percent smaller
Engineering researchers have developed a suite of techniques that allow them to create passive radio-frequency identification tags that are 25 percent smaller -- and therefore less expensive.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 9-May-2016
Nature Microbiology
Genetic potential of oil-eating bacteria from the BP oil spill decoded
Microbiologists have cracked the genetic code of how bacteria broke down oil to help clean up the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, revealing that some bacteria have far greater potential for consuming oil than was previously known. The findings have applications for responding to future oil spills.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Christine Sinatra
christine.sinatra@austin.utexas.edu
512-853-0506
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 9-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Pitt research yields insight into the mystery of smell
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have uncovered the mechanism underlying a phenomenon in how we smell that has puzzled researchers for several decades. In an article appearing online today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the team reports that, surprisingly, the mechanism follows a simple physics principle called cooperativity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gloria Kreps
KrepsGA@upmc.edu
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 6-May-2016
Science Advances
Study offers clues to better rainfall predictions
Seawater salinity depends largely on how much moisture is evaporated as winds sweep over the ocean. But pinpointing where the moisture rains back down is a complicated question scientists have long contended with. Scientists at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution have found a potential path to better seasonal rainfall predictions. Their study shows a clear link between higher sea surface salinity levels in the North Atlantic and increased rainfall on land in the African Sahel.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Relations
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 6-May-2016
Science Advances
Scientists track Greenland's ice melt with seismic waves
Researchers from MIT, Princeton University, and elsewhere have developed a new technique to monitor the seasonal changes in Greenland's ice sheet, using seismic vibrations generated by crashing ocean waves. The results, which will be published in the journal Science Advances, may help scientists pinpoint regions of the ice sheet that are most vulnerable to melting. The technique may also set better constraints on how the world's ice sheets contribute to global sea-level changes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 6-May-2016
Science Advances
Smartphones uncover how the world sleeps
A pioneering study of worldwide sleep patterns combines math modeling, mobile apps and big data to parse the roles society and biology each play in setting sleep schedules.
Army Research Laboratory, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Science Bulletin
The cause of high Tc superconductivity at the interface between FeSe and SrTiO3
In 2012 a superconductor with potentially very high critical temperature was discovered at the interface between an atomically thin iron selenide (FeSe) film grown on strontium titanate (SrTiO3) substrate. Now a research team made up of Beijing and Berkeley scientists have carried out the first approximation-free theoretical study to identify the cause of high critical temperature in such system.
National Science Foundation of China, US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division

Contact: Dung-Hai Lee
dunghai@berkeley.edu
Science China Press

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Free-standing 2-legged robot conquers terrain
An unsupported bipedal robot at the University of Michigan can now walk down steep slopes, through a thin layer of snow, and over uneven and unstable ground.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine McAlpine
kmca@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
IU-led study reveals new insights into light color sensing and transfer of genetic traits
An international team led by Indiana University researchers has uncovered the regulation of a system that allows a globally abundant bacterium to efficiently capture sunlight and perform photosynthesis. The study, conducted in collaboration with researchers in the United States and France, is reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Biological Conservation
Why vultures matter -- and what we lose if they're gone
The primary threat to vultures is the presence of toxins in the carrion they consume. Losses of vultures can allow other scavengers to flourish. And proliferation of such scavengers could bring bacteria and viruses from carcasses into human cities.
National Science Foundation, University of Utah/Office of Sustainability

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
paul.gabrielsen@utah.edu
801-505-8253
University of Utah

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Physical Review X
Getting a better measure of spin with diamond
Diamonds are one of the most coveted gemstones. But while some may want the perfect diamond for its sparkle, physicists covet the right diamonds to perfect their experiments. The gem is a key component in a novel system that enables precision measurements that could lead to the discovery of new physics in the sub-atomic realm -- the domain of the particles and forces that build the nucleus of the atom.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Kandice Carter
kcarter@jlab.org
757-269-7263
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
T cells use 'handshakes' to sort friends from foes
Chemists provide the first direct evidence that a T cell gives precise mechanical tugs to other cells, and demonstrate that these tugs are central to a T cell's process of deciding whether to mount an immune response.
National Institutes of Health, Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship, Camille Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award, National Science Foundation, National Multiple Sclerosis Society

Contact: Carol Clark
carol.clark@emory.edu
404-727-0501
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 5-May-2016
PeerJ
IU data scientists launch free tools to analyze online trends, memes
The power to explore social media trends, memes and viral bursts -- from the pop cultural to the political -- with the same algorithmic sophistication as top experts in the field is now available to journalists, researchers and members of the public from a free, user-friendly online software suite released today by scientists at Indiana University. The Web-based tools, called the Observatory on Social Media, or 'OSoMe' (pronounced 'awesome').
National Science Foundation, J.S. McDonnell Foundation, Swiss National Science Foundation281

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Science
Split-second imaging reveals molecular changes involved in vision
A team of UWM physicists image a never-before-seen molecular reaction as a light-sensitive protein responds to light. The work, using an X-ray laser, is unmasking how proteins carry out the chemistry necessary for life.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marius Schmidt
m-schmidt@uwm.edu
414-229-4338
University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Come to think of it or not: Study shows how memories can be intentionally forgotten
Context plays a big role in our memories, both good and bad. Bruce Springsteen's 'Born to Run' on the car radio, for example, may remind you of your first love -- or your first speeding ticket. But a Dartmouth- and Princeton-led brain scanning study shows that people can intentionally forget past experiences by changing how they think about the context of those memories.
John Templeton Foundation, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
john.cramer@dartmouth.edu
603-646-9130
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Nature Communications
Pond scum and the gene pool: A critical gene in green algae responsible for multicellularity
Brad Olson, assistant professor in the Division of Biology; Erik Hanschen, doctoral student at the University of Arizona; Hisayoshi Nozaki, University of Tokyo; and an international team of researchers found a single gene is responsible for the evolution of multicellular organisms and may be a possible origin of cancer.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Kansas State University's Johnson Cancer Research Center

Contact: Brad Olson
bjsco@k-state.edu
785-532-6149
Kansas State University

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Deep male voices not so much sexy as intimidating
Male voices are not deeply pitched in order to attract female mates, but instead serve to intimidate the competition, according to a team of researchers studying a wide variety of primates including humans.
NIH/National Institutes of Mental Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 5-May-2016
ACS Photonics
Molybdenum disulfide holds promise for light absorption
Using a layer of molybdenum disulfide less than 1 nanometer thick, Rice University researchers in Isabell Thomann's lab have designed a system that can absorb more than 35 percent of incident light in the 400- to 700-nanometer wavelength range.
National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Genetics
First gene linked to temperature sex switch
The sex of many reptile species is set by temperature. New research reported in the journal GENETICS identifies the first gene associated with temperature-dependent sex determination in any reptile. Variation at this gene in snapping turtles contributes to geographic differences in the way sex ratio is influenced by temperature. Understanding the genetics of sex determination could help predict how reptiles will evolve in response to climate change.
NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Science Foundation

Contact: Cristy Gelling
cgelling@thegsajournals.org
412-478-3537
Genetics Society of America

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Science
Significant portion of postdoc researchers eye non-academic careers, study shows
A new study from a Georgia Tech-Cornell University team shows that the research faculty path isn't the only reason students pursue a postdoc.
National Science Foundation, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Measuring a black hole 660 million times as massive as our sun
It's about 660 million times as massive as our sun, and a cloud of gas circles it at about 1.1 million mph. This supermassive black hole sits at the center of a galaxy dubbed NGC 1332, which is 73 million light years from Earth. And an international team of scientists that includes Rutgers associate professor Andrew J. Baker has measured its mass with unprecedented accuracy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd B. Bates
tbates@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Showing releases 551-575 out of 919.

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