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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 551-575 out of 758.

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Public Release: 20-Mar-2014
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Size, personality matter in how Kalahari social spiders perform tasks
At first glance, colonies of thousands of social spiders all look the same and are busy with the same tasks. Not so, say researchers Carl Keiser and Devin Jones, after carefully studying various gatherings of a social spiders of the Kalahari Desert in South Africa. The size and condition of a particular spider's body indicates which task it generally performs within a colony. The study is published in Springer's journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.
University of Pittsburgh, National Science Foundation

Contact: Joan Robinson
joan.robinson@springer.com
49-622-148-78130
Springer

Public Release: 20-Mar-2014
Nature Physics
Research brings new control over topological insulator
An international team of scientists investigating the electronic properties of ultra-thin films of new materials -- topological insulators -- has demonstrated a new method to tune their unique properties using strain.
National Science Foundation, Royal Society

Contact: Caron Lett
caron.lett@york.ac.uk
44-019-043-22029
University of York

Public Release: 20-Mar-2014
17th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing
Parents should try to find middle ground to keep teens safe online
Parents might take a lesson from Goldilocks and find a balanced approach to guide their teens in making moral, safe online decisions, according to Penn State researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 20-Mar-2014
PLOS Genetics
3-D model links facial features and DNA
DNA can already tell us the sex and ancestry of unknown individuals, but now an international team of researchers is beginning to connect genetics with facial features, degrees of femininity and racial admixture.
National Science Foundation, National Institute of Justice, National Institutes of Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 19-Mar-2014
PLOS ONE
Oldest fossil evidence of modern African venomous snakes found in Tanzania
Ohio University scientists have found the oldest definitive fossil evidence of modern, venomous snakes in Africa, according to a new study published March 19 in the journal PLOS ONE.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society, Leakey Foundation

Contact: Andrea Gibson
gibsona@ohio.edu
740-597-2166
Ohio University

Public Release: 19-Mar-2014
Students to hack hardware, software and data to build security skills
Students at Case Western Reserve University and Cleveland State University will begin hacking computers -- for credit -- this fall. The universities are offering undergraduates a series of three classes that focus on hacking and learning to protect hardware, software and data from cyber attacks. The classes were developed and will be supported with help of a NSF grant.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-368-4442
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 19-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study finds forest corridors help plants disperse their seeds
A forest, a supercomputer and some glow-in-the-dark yarn have helped a team of field ecologists conclude that woodland corridors connecting patches of endangered plants not only increase seed dispersal from one patch to another, but also create wind conditions that can spread the seeds for much longer distances. Gil Bohrer, Ph.D., an environmental engineer at Ohio State University, leveraged Ohio Supercomputer Center systems to simulate a forest and the winds that flow through it.
National Science Foundation, others

Contact: Jamie Abel
jabel@oh-tech.org
614-292-6495
Ohio Supercomputer Center

Public Release: 19-Mar-2014
Langmuir
New technique makes LEDs brighter, more resilient
Researchers have developed a new processing technique that makes light emitting diodes brighter and more resilient by coating the semiconductor material gallium nitride with a layer of phosphorus-derived acid.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 19-Mar-2014
Nature
The Goldilocks principle: New hypothesis explains Earth's continued habitability
Scientists show how geologic process regulates the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
University of Southern California Dornsife, Center for Dark Energy Biosphere Investigations, National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 19-Mar-2014
PLOS ONE
Bighorn sheep went extinct on desert island in Gulf of California, study finds
Using ancient DNA analysis and other techniques, a research team led by conservation biologists at the University of California, Riverside has determined that bighorn sheep, so named for their massive spiral horns, became extinct on Tiburon Island, a large and mostly uninhabited island just off Sonora, Mexico, in the Gulf of California, sometime in the last millennium -- specifically between the 6th and 19th centuries.
UC MEXUS, National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Wayne State professor receives NSF CAREER award; research to impact Detroit-area schools
A Wayne State University researcher has been awarded a National Science Foundation Early Career Development Award, the agency's most prestigious award for up-and-coming researchers in science and engineering. The five-year, $550,000 grant was awarded to Ed Cackett, Ph.D., assistant professor of physics and astronomy in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, for the project 'Reflection and reverberation in neutron star low-mass X-ray binaries.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Geophysical Research Letters
New airborne GPS technology for weather conditions takes flight
A new technique led by a researcher at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego stands to improve weather models and hurricane forecasting by detecting precise conditions in the atmosphere through a new GPS system aboard airplanes. The first demonstration of the technique, detailed in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, is pushing the project's leaders toward a goal of broadly implementing the technology in the near future on commercial aircraft.
National Science Foundation, NASA, and others

Contact: Mario Aguilera or Robert Monroe
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Oceanography
New statistical models could lead to better predictions of ocean patterns
The world's oceans cover more than 72 percent of the earth's surface, impact a major part of the carbon cycle, and contribute to variability in global climate and weather patterns. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri applied complex statistical models to increase the accuracy of ocean forecasting that influences the ways in which forecasters predict long-range events such as El Nińo and the lower levels of the ocean food chain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Biophysical Journal
Nanopores control the inner ear's ability to select sounds
The inner-ear membrane uses tiny pores to mechanically separate sounds, researchers find.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Computational Particle Mechanics
Simulations predict blast scenarios, have crossover animation appeal in Disney's 'Frozen'
Simulation-based engineering science allows researchers to predict the effects of building explosions and analyze the response of building materials to those threats. Using a $400,000, five-year CAREER grant from the National Science Foundation, researchers at the University of Missouri developed the Material Point Method, a computer-generated tool that not only creates blast scenarios that informs blast and impact resistant materials and design, but also is crossing over into Hollywood animation -- most recently, Disney's Oscar-winning animated film, 'Frozen.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Researchers devise new, stretchable antenna for wearable health monitoring
Engineering researchers have developed a new, stretchable antenna that can be incorporated into wearable technologies, such as health monitoring devices.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Educational Psychology Review
Rice study: Simple changes to homework improved student learning
A new educational study offers evidence that simple and inexpensive changes to existing courses can help students learn more effectively. The study from Rice University and Duke University found that making a few changes to homework assignments significantly boosted student learning in an undergraduate engineering course at Rice.
National Science Foundation, Google's Faculty Research Award Program

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Quaternary Science Reviews
The frozen truth about glaciers, climate change and our future
University of Cincinnati researchers use years of Tibet and Himalayas analysis to better predict glacial response to global climate change.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society

Contact: Tom Robinette
tom.robinette@uc.edu
513-556-1825
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 18-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Owl monkeys don't cheat, Penn study shows
A new study by University of Pennsylvania researchers shows that Azara's owl monkeys (Aotus azarae) are unusually faithful. The investigation of 35 offspring born to 17 owl monkey pairs turned up no evidence of cheating; the male and female monkeys that cared for the young were the infants' true biological parents.
Wenner-Gren Foundation, German Science Foundation, L.S.B. Leakey Foundation, National Geographic Society, National Science Foundation, University of Pennsylvania Research Foundation, Zoological Society of San Diego

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
iConference 2014
Hold that RT: Much misinformation tweeted after 2013 Boston Marathon bombing
University of Washington researchers have found that misinformation spread widely on Twitter after the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing despite efforts by users to correct rumors that were inaccurate. The researchers presented their findings at iConference 2014 in Berlin March 4-7, where they received a top award for their related publication.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
First direct evidence of cosmic inflation
Researchers from the BICEP2 collaboration today announced the first direct evidence for cosmic inflation. Their data also represent the first images of gravitational waves, or ripples in space-time. These waves have been described as the 'first tremors of the Big Bang.' Finally, the data confirm a deep connection between quantum mechanics and general relativity.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Christine Pulliam
cpulliam@cfa.harvard.edu
617-495-7463
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Lessons from a meadow
Presenting some of the most comprehensive information on blooming cycles over the course of four decades reveals that the timing of events within biological communities is more complex than previously thought. The results have implications for models designed to help predict how climate change may affect ecosystems.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4402
University of Arizona

Public Release: 17-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Rocky Mountain wildflower season lengthens by more than a month
A 39-year study of wildflower blooms in a Rocky Mountain meadow shows more than two-thirds of alpine flowers changed their blooming pattern in response to climate change. Half are beginning to bloom weeks earlier, more than a third are reaching peak bloom earlier, and others' last blooms are later. Records of more than two million blooms show flowering plants' response to climate change is more complex than previously believed. Species that depend on wildflowers are likely to be affected.
National Science Foundation, Earthwatch

Contact: Heather Dewar
hdewar@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 16-Mar-2014
Nature Climate Change
Researchers: Northeast Greenland ice loss accelerating
An international team of scientists has discovered that the last remaining stable portion of the Greenland ice sheet is stable no more. The finding, which will likely boost estimates of expected global sea level rise in the future, appears in the March 16 issue of the journal Nature Climate Change
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 16-Mar-2014
Nature Nanotechnology
Thermal vision: Graphene light detector first to span infrared spectrum
The first room-temperature light detector that can sense the full infrared spectrum has the potential to put heat vision technology into a contact lens.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kate McAlpine
kmca@umich.edu
734-763-4386
University of Michigan

Showing releases 551-575 out of 758.

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