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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 576-600 out of 903.

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Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Physics: It's happening inside your body right now
Using a model blood vessel system built on a polymer microchip, researchers have shown that the relative softness of white blood cells determines whether they remain in a dormant state along vessel walls or enter blood circulation to fight infection.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Science Foundation, American Heart Association

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
Nature Biotechnology
Search technique helps researchers find DNA sequences in minutes rather than days
Database searches for DNA sequences that can take biologists and medical researchers days can now be completed in a matter of minutes, thanks to a new search method developed by computer scientists at Carnegie Mellon University.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Data-Driven Discovery Initiative, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
Early human ancestor didn't have the jaws of a nutcracker, study finds
Research published in 2012 garnered international attention by suggesting that a possible early human ancestor had lived on a diverse woodland diet including hard foods mixed in with tree bark, fruit, leaves and other plant products. But new research by an international team of researchers now shows that Australopithecus sediba didn't have the jaw and tooth structure necessary to exist on a steady diet of hard foods.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gerry Everding
gerry_everding@wustl.edu
314-935-6375
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 8-Feb-2016
Nature Climate Change
Scientists say window to reduce carbon emissions is small
At the rate humans are emitting carbon into the atmosphere, the Earth may suffer irreparable damage that could last tens of thousands of years, according to a new analysis. Sea level rise is a critical issue. With seven degrees (Celsius) warming at the high-end scenario of temperature increase, the sea level rise is estimated at 50 meters, over a period of several centuries to millennia.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Peter Clark
clarkp@geo.oregonstate.edu
541-737-1247
Oregon State University

Public Release: 5-Feb-2016
Environmental Science and Technology
Central Appalachia flatter due to mountaintop mining
Forty years of mountaintop coal mining have made parts of Central Appalachia 40 percent flatter than they were before excavation, researchers say. This study, which compares pre- and post-mining topographic data in southern West Virginia, is the first to examine the large-scale impact of mountaintop mining on landscape topography and how the changes influence water quality.
Foundation of the Carolinas, Wireless Intelligent Sensor Network IGERT, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program, NSF Hydrologic Sciences Program

Contact: Kara Manke
kara.manke@duke.edu
919-681-8064
Duke University

Public Release: 5-Feb-2016
Scientific Reports
The iron stepping stones to better wearable tech without semiconductors
The way to better wearable electronics is dotted with iron steppingstones. Check out how Michigan Tech researcher Yoke Khin Yap's nanotubes bridge the gap with quantum tunneling.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Yoke Khin Yap
ykyap@mtu.edu
906-487-2900
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 4-Feb-2016
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
New science helps put spotlight on unseen global impacts
As the world grows more connected, 'out of sight, out of mind' looms as a perilous consequence of globalization. A sustainability scholar presents an integrated way to track the many footprints that are made in global transactions in the journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment this month.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sue Nichols
nichols@msu.edu
517-432-0206
Michigan State University

Public Release: 4-Feb-2016
Chemistry of Materials
Lithium battery catalyst found to harm key soil microorganism
The material at the heart of the lithium ion batteries that power electric vehicles, laptop computers and smartphones has been shown to impair a key soil bacterium. The study by researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University of Minnesota is an early signal that the growing use of the new nanoscale materials used in the rechargeable batteries that power portable electronics and electric and hybrid vehicles may have untold environmental consequences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert J. Hamers
rjhamers@wisc.edu
608-262-6371
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 4-Feb-2016
ChiMag2016 Symposium
UCI researchers link compulsive Facebook checking to lack of sleep
If you find yourself toggling over to look at Facebook several dozen times a day, it's not necessarily because the experience of being on social media is so wonderful. It may be a sign that you're not getting enough sleep.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Bell
bpbell@uci.edu
949-824-8249
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 4-Feb-2016
Journal of Technology Transfer
'On-ramping' paves the way for women scientists, engineers to return to academia
Pursuing scientific or engineering careers in industry, government or private research after getting a Ph.D. used to be considered a one-way ticket out of academia. But new University of Washington research finds numerous benefits -- to students, researchers and academic institutions looking to diversify their faculty -- in making that return trip easier.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 4-Feb-2016
Science
Scientists map movement of Greenland Ice during past 9,000 years
Scientists have created the first map that shows how the Greenland Ice Sheet has moved over time, revealing that ice in the interior is moving more slowly toward the edges than it has, on average, during the past 9,000 years.
NSF/Arctic Natural Sciences Program, Center for Remote Sensing of Ice Sheets, NASA/Operation IceBridge

Contact: Anton Caputo
anton.caputo@jsg.utexas.edu
512-232-9623
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 4-Feb-2016
Cell Stem Cell
How gut inflammation sparks colon cancer
Duke biomedical engineers have shown how colon cancer development is intricately linked to a specific microRNA that dictates how cells divide. The new study points to a link between chronic gut inflammation and an increased risk of colon cancer. That link could not only serve as an early warning signal of colon cancer, but potentially be harnessed to counteract advanced forms of the disease, the second-largest cause of cancer death in the US.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, New York State Stem Cell Science, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 4-Feb-2016
PLOS Computational Biology
Individuals' medical histories predicted by their noncoding genomes, Stanford study finds
Identifying mutations in the control switches of genes can be a surprisingly accurate way to predict a person's medical history, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have found.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford Graduate Fellowship, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

Contact: Krista Conger
kristac@stanford.edu
650-725-5371
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Smithsonian scientists discover butterfly-like fossil insect in the deep Mesozoic
Large butterfly-like insects known as Kalligrammatid lacewings, which fluttered through Eurasian fern- and cycad-filled woodland during the Mesozoic Era, have been extinct for more than 120 million years. But with new fossil analyses, scientists at the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History have discovered that these ancient lacewings were surprisingly similar to modern butterflies, which did not appear on Earth for another 50 million years.
National Basic Research Program of China, National Science Foundation of China, Beijing Municipal Commission of Education

Contact: Ryan Lavery
laveryr@si.edu
202-633-2950
Smithsonian

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
PLOS Genetics
Same switches program taste and smell in fruit flies
A Duke study helps explain how fruit flies get their keen sense of smell. Researchers have identified a set of genetic control switches that interact early in a fly's development to generate dozens of types of specialized nerve cells for smell. The findings could reveal how the nervous systems of other animals -- including humans, whose brains have billions of neurons -- produce a dazzling array of cell types from just a few genes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
IUPUI chemist receives $1.1 million for research, training of future minority researchers
Supported by an NSF CAREER award, Lisa M. Jones of IUPUI is developing a novel approach to study of cell membrane proteins in their native cellular environment -- work fundamental to gaining a better understanding of protein misfolding, which has been linked to life-limiting human diseases including cystic fibrosis. Her work provides state-of-the-art research training for undergraduate students from historically black colleges and universities as well as both undergraduate and graduate students from IUPUI.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
caisen@iupui.edu
317-843-2276
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Indiana University paleobotanist plays role in discovery of 'Jurassic butterflies'
IU paleobotanist David Dilcher is a co-author on a study out today in the Proceedings of the Royal Society: B that identifies a Jurassic age insect whose behavior and appearance closely mimic a butterfly -- but whose emergence on Earth predates the butterfly by about 40 million years.
National Basic Research Program of China, National Science Foundation of China, National Institutes of Health, Swedish National Space Board

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
APL Materials
Researchers discover new phase of boron nitride and a new way to create pure c-BN
Researchers have discovered a new phase of the material boron nitride, which has potential applications for both manufacturing tools and electronic displays. The researchers have also developed a new technique for creating cubic boron nitride (c-BN) at ambient temperatures and air pressure, which has a suite of applications, including the development of advanced power grid technologies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Phosphine as a superconductor? Sure, but the story may be complicated
Phosphine, one of the newest materials to be named a superconductor, was reported in 2015 to exhibit superconductivity when squeezed under high pressure in a diamond vice. Now, a different group of researchers is providing insight into what may have happened to the phosphine as it underwent this intense compression.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Carnegie/DOE Alliance Center/DOE-National Nuclear Security Administration

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
chsu22@buffalo.edu
716-645-4655
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Wayne State chemistry professor earns NSF CAREER Award to examine unusual chemical structure
Wayne State University's Jennifer Stockdill, Ph.D., assistant professor of chemistry in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, has been awarded a $650,000 National Science Foundation (NSF) Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award. Her research will advance understanding of reactions that form novel chemical structures.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Physical Review Letters
Galactic center's gamma rays unlikely to originate from dark matter, evidence shows
Studies by two independent groups from the US and the Netherlands have found that gamma ray signals from the inner galaxy come from a new source rather than from the collision of dark matter particles. The new source is likely to be rapidly rotating pulsars, rather than the as-yet undetected invisible dark matter particles thought to make up 85 percent of the mass in the Universe.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Nature
Scripps-led team discovers 4 new deep-sea worm species
In the Feb. 4 issue of the journal Nature, the Scripps-led researcher team describes four newly discovered species living near deep-sea cold seeps, hydrothermal vents, and whale carcasses off the coasts of California and Mexico. The new discoveries have allowed the scientists to finally stabilize the placement of the five species, all in the genus Xenoturbella, on the animal tree of life.
David and Lucile Packard Foundation, NSF/Assembling the Tree of Life Program

Contact: Mario Aguilera
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Nature
Research may explain mysterious deep earthquakes in subduction zones
Geologists from Brown University may have finally explained what triggers certain earthquakes that occur deep beneath the Earth's surface in subduction zones, regions where one tectonic plate slides beneath another. The researchers have shown strong evidence that water squeezed out of a mineral called lawsonite could trigger these mysterious quakes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 3-Feb-2016
Nature Plants
Organic agriculture key to feeding the world sustainably
Washington State University researchers have concluded that feeding a growing global population with sustainability goals in mind is possible. Their review of hundreds of published studies provides evidence that organic farming can produce sufficient yields, be profitable for farmers, protect and improve the environment and be safer for farm workers.
National Science Foundation, USDA/National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: John Reganold
reganold@wsu.edu
509-335-8856
Washington State University

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Project embeds computer science lessons in math instruction for K-5 students
A two-year project funded by the National Science Foundation is laying the groundwork for meeting society's growing demand for citizens literate in computer science by integrating computing with elementary school mathematics -- an approach that holds promise for democratizing access to computer science education and promoting diversity within the U.S. technology workforce. The project is a collaborative partnership among researchers at the University of Illinois, the University of Chicago, and faculty and students at Champaign Unit 4 Schools.
National Science Foundation STEM+C

Contact: Sharita Forrest
slforres@illinois.edu
217-244-1072
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Showing releases 576-600 out of 903.

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