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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 576-600 out of 919.

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Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
Nature
Greenhouse gas 'bookkeeping' turned on its head
For the first time scientists have looked at the net balance of the three major greenhouse gases -- carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide -- for every region of Earth's landmasses. They found surprisingly, that human-induced emissions of methane and nitrous oxide from ecosystems overwhelmingly surpass the ability of the land to soak up carbon dioxide emissions, which makes the terrestrial biosphere a contributor to climate change
NASA, Australian Climate Change Science Program, NOAA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Michalak
michalak@carnegiescience.edu
650-201-2667
Carnegie Institution for Science

Public Release: 9-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Bats in Asia found to have resistance to white-nose syndrome fungus
As the deadly bat disease called white-nose syndrome continues to spread across North America, scientists are studying bats in China to understand how they are able to survive infections with the same fungus that has wiped out millions of North American bats. By comparing disease dynamics in North American and Asian bat populations, researchers have found evidence that Asian bat species are resistant to the fungus.
National Science Foundation, US Fish and Wildlife Service, China National Science and Technology Foundation, Switzer Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How an artificial protein rescues dying cells
Researchers in the Hecht lab discovered the unexpected way in which a synthetic protein called SynSerB promotes the growth of cells that lack the natural SerB gene, offering insight into how life can adapt to survive and potentially be reinvented.
US National Science Foundation

Contact: Tien Nguyen
tienn@princeton.edu
919-961-4753
Princeton University

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
UTSA professor receives grant to study climate change in Earth's distant past
Marina Suarez, assistant professor of geology at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), has received a National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award. It includes a $478,000 grant to support her top-tier research in paleoclimatology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joanna Carver
joanna.carver@utsa.edu
210-243-4557
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
UTA researcher would transform sensor network into device with supercomputer power
Ioannis Schizas, an assistant professor in the Electrical Engineering Department, will create a sensing environment that will use many simple devices to process data that currently requires the use of a supercomputer as part of a three-year, $150,000 National Science Foundation grant.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
Researcher asks what makes a species by looking closely at lizards
Richard Glor hopes to determine the genetic basis for species differences and why these species diverged in the first place.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
brendan@ku.edu
895-864-8855
University of Kansas

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing
Family technology rules: What kids expect of parents
A new study on family technology rules is among the first to explore children's expectations for parents' technology use -- revealing kids' feelings about fairness and 'oversharing' and the most effective types of household technology rules.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
Geochemical Perspectives Letters
Geochemists show experimental verification of principle of detailed balance
Geochemists at Indiana University and Virginia Tech have developed and demonstrated a technique for assessing the validity of a principle that has long been important in thermodynamics and chemical kinetics but has proven resistant to experimental verification.
National Science Foundation, Zhejiang University

Contact: Steve Hinnefeld
slhinnef@iu.edu
812-856-3488
Indiana University

Public Release: 8-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
Syntax is not unique to human language
Human communication is powered by rules for combining words to generate novel meanings. Such syntactical rules have long been assumed to be unique humans. A new study, published in Nature Communications, show that Japanese great tits combine their calls using specific rules to communicate important compound messages. These results demonstrate that syntax is not unique to humans. Instead, syntax may be a general adaptation to social and behavioral complexity in communication systems.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science KAKENHI, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Wheatcroft
David.Wheatcroft@ebc.uu.se
46-722-238-327
Uppsala University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Macromolecules
Treeing it up: Research team documents design of wood-based polymers
The University of Delaware's Thomas Epps, III, and co-authors recently demonstrated the design of softwood lignin-based polymers with potential application as alternatives to petroleum-based polystyrene. These softwood materials can be obtained from sources such as pine, cedar, spruce, and cypress trees. The work is documented in a paper in Macromolecules, a journal of the American Chemical Society,
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
302-831-1418
University of Delaware

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Big data project aims to make breathing easier by mapping air quality
Heavy city traffic contributes significantly to air pollution and health problems such as asthma, but University of Texas at Dallas researchers think another kind of traffic -- data traffic -- might help citizens better cope with pollution.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
amanda.siegfried@utdallas.edu
972-883-4335
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Leaf mysteries revealed through the computer's eye
A computer program that learns and can categorize leaves into large evolutionary categories such as plant families will lead to greatly improved fossil identification and a better understanding of flowering plant evolution, according to an international team of researchers.
The David and Lucile Packard Foundation, National Science Foundation Early Career Award, DARPA, Office of Naval Research, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Trust your aha! moments, experiments show they're probably right
A series of experiments showed that sudden insight may yield more correct solutions than using gradual, methodical thinking.
National Institutes of Health, The John Templeton Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Frank Otto
fmo26@drexel.edu
215-571-4244
Drexel University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Ecology and Evolution
Even plant-supporting soil fungi affected by global warming, UCI study finds
On a cool, fog-shrouded mountain of Costa Rica, University of California, Irvine biologist Caitlin Looby is finding that warming temperatures are becoming an increasing problem for one of the most ecologically diverse places on Earth.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Education, US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Tom Vasich
tmvasich@uci.edu
949-824-6455
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Mechanism and Machine Theory
Surgical tools made smaller with origami to make surgery less invasive
BYU mechanical engineering professors Larry Howell and Spencer Magleby have made a name for themselves by applying the principles of origami to engineering. Now they're applying their origami skills to a new realm: the human body.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Todd Hollingshead
toddh@byu.edu
801-422-8373
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scaling up tissue engineering
A team at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and the Harvard John A. Paulson School for Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) has invented a method for 3-D bioprinting thick vascularized tissue constructs composed of human stem cells, extracellular matrix, and circulatory channels lined with endothelial blood vessel cells. The resulting network of vasculature contained within these deep tissues enables fluids, nutrients and cell growth factors to be controllably perfused uniformly throughout the tissue.
National Science Foundation, Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University

Contact: Kat J. McAlpine
katherine.mcalpine@wyss.harvard.edu
617-432-8266
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Research awards seen as milestone for Clemson University engineering and science
The College of Engineering and Science announced Monday that Feng Ding, Rachel Getman and Brandon Ross have won prestigious awards from the National Science Foundation, while Joseph Scott and Yue 'Sophie' Wang have won top awards from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Paul Alongi
palongi@clemson.edu
864-350-7908
Clemson University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
New findings suggest severe tornado outbreaks are increasingly common
Tornado outbreaks, in which multiple tornadoes arise within a limited time, are incredibly damaging. New research suggests that the number of tornadoes per outbreak has increased over the past 60 years, and that the likelihood of future extreme events is growing.
US National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research award, National Oceanic and Atmoshperic Administration Climate Program Office's Modeling, Analysis, Predictions and Projections

Contact: Katherine Fenz
kfenz@rockefeller.edu
212-327-7913
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms
New York harbor's oyster beds once protected against severe storm and extreme wave damage
A recent study of past disturbance of the oyster beds in New York Harbor led by geoscientist Jonathan Woodruff and his doctoral student Christine Brandon of the University of Massachusetts Amherst is the first to link Europeans' overharvesting and disturbance of the ancient shellfish beds to loss of natural coastal defenses against floods and storm waves.
Hudson River Foundation, National Science Foundation, Dalio Explore Fund, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, City University of New York's High Performance Computing Center

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Scientific Reports
Iowa State engineers develop flexible skin that traps radar waves, cloaks objects
Iowa State engineers have developed a 'meta-skin' that uses liquid-metal technology to trap radar waves and cloak objects from detection. By stretching the flexible meta-skin, the device can be tuned to reduce the reflection of a wide range of radar frequencies.
National Science Foundation, China Scholarship Council

Contact: Liang Dong
ldong@iastate.edu
515-294-0388
Iowa State University

Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Shipwrecks, tree rings reveal Caribbean hurricanes in buccaneer era
Records of Spanish shipwrecks combined with tree-ring records show the period 1645 to 1715 had the fewest Caribbean hurricanes since 1500, according to new University of Arizona-led research. The study is the first to use shipwrecks as a proxy for hurricane activity. The researchers found a 75 percent reduction in the number of Caribbean hurricanes from 1645-1715, a time that had little sunspot activity and cool temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere.
University of Southern Mississippi, National Science Foundation, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Agnese N. Haury Visiting Scholar Fellowship

Contact: Mari N. Jensen
mnjensen@email.arizona.edu
520-626-9635
University of Arizona

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Construction of Sacramento Kings arena using drone monitoring system developed at Illinois
A University of Illinois team has developed predictive visual data analytics tools, called 'Flying Superintendent' to automate and streamline today's time-consuming practices for construction progress monitoring. Their award-winning solution utilizes both images and videos taken with camera drones and four-dimensional Building Information Modeling to quickly identify and visually communicate the actual and potential performance problems during execution of construction projects via smartphones and tablets to project participants, on and off site.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Koon
mkoon@illinois.edu
217-244-1256
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Cornell opens $25 million NSF platform for discovering new materials
Cornell University is leading an effort that will empower scientists, engineers and entrepreneurs throughout the nation to design and create new interface materials -- materials that do not exist in nature and possess unprecedented properties -- thanks to a $25 million grant from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
vpk6@cornell.edu
607-255-3981
Cornell University

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
NSU researcher receives part of National Science Foundation grant to study deep-sea life
NSU researcher is part of a team that will study deep-sea life, and more specifically, bioluminescence.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joe Donzelli
jdonzelli@nova.edu
954-262-2159
Nova Southeastern University

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Stem Cell Reports
Scientists develop very early stage human embryonic stem cell lines for first time
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have for the first time shown that it is possible to derive from a human embryo so-called 'na´ve' pluripotent stem cells -- one of the most flexible types of stem cell, which can develop into all human tissue other than the placenta.
Medical Research Council, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Swiss National Science Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Craig Brierley
craig.brierley@admin.cam.ac.uk
44-012-237-66205
University of Cambridge

Showing releases 576-600 out of 919.

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