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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 576-600 out of 923.

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Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Newly discovered brain network recognizes what's new, what's familiar
New research from Washington University in St. Louis has identified a novel learning and memory brain network that processes incoming information based on whether it's something we've experienced previously or is deemed to be altogether new and unknown, helping us recognize, for instance, whether the face before us is that of a familiar friend or a complete stranger.
NSF/Graduate Research Fellowship, Dart NeuroScience LLC, and Washington University in St Louis/McDonnell Center for Systems Neuroscience

Contact: Gerry Everding
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
GSA pleased to be a founding member of Plant Science Research Network
The Genetics Society of America is pleased to be a founding member of the Plant Science Research Network, which was launched this week. This effort, supported by a Research Coordination Network award from the National Science Foundation, will seek to unite the plant science community and to harness its collective vision and broad expertise to support agricultural sustainability and the growth of the bioeconomy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Adam Fagen
Genetics Society of America

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Annals of the Association of American Geographers
Greenland ice sheet's winds driving tundra soil erosion, Dartmouth study finds
Strong winds blowing off the Greenland Ice Sheet are eroding soil and vegetation in the surrounding tundra, making it less productive for caribou and other grazing animals, carbon storage and nutrient cycling, a Dartmouth College study finds.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Scientific Reports
Rice University bioengineers advance computing technique for health care and more
Rice University scientists have developed a big data technique that could have an impact on health care and more.
National Science Foundation, Leukemia and Lymphoma Society, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Med-Into-Grad Fellowship

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
CMU BrainHub engineers receive NSF grant to study neuron variability and motor learning
When we move, we rarely move in the exact same way twice. The National Science Foundation has awarded Carnegie Mellon engineers Steven Chase and Byron Yu, and their long-time collaborator, University of Pittsburgh engineer Aaron Batista, an $869,000 grant to conduct basic research that will establish how variability in movement is encoded in the brain and how this variability contributes to learning and performance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
How lipids are flipped
A team of researchers at ETH Zurich and the University of Bern has succeeded in determining the structure of a lipid flippase at high resolution, which has provided insight into how this membrane protein transports lipids by flipping.
Sinergia Project Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Kaspar Locher
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Better estimates of worldwide mercury pollution
An international team led by MIT researchers has conducted a new analysis that provides more accurate estimates of sources of mercury emissions around the world.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Decoding the genome of an alien
OIST researchers and collaborators have sequenced and analyzed an octopus genome, making it the first cephalopod to be decoded.
Molecular Genetics Unit of the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kaoru Natori
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) Graduate University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Octopus genome reveals cephalopod secrets
Researchers from UC Berkeley, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University and University of Chicago sequenced and annotated the first cephalopod genome, the California two-spot octopus. They found widespread rearrangements of genes and a dramatic expansion of a family of genes involved in neuronal development that was once thought to be unique to vertebrates. Study of this and other cephalopod genomes will help reveal the genetic basis for these creatures' unusual behavior and physiology.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Computer scientists find mass extinctions can accelerate evolution
Computer scientists have found that robots evolve more quickly and efficiently after a virtual mass extinction modeled after real-life disasters such as the one that killed off the dinosaurs. Beyond implications for artificial intelligence, the research supports the idea that mass extinctions actually speed up evolution by unleashing new creativity in adaptations.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marc Airhart
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 12-Aug-2015
Octopus genome sequenced
The first whole genome analysis of an octopus reveals unique genomic features that likely played a role in the evolution of traits such as large complex nervous systems and adaptive camouflage. The findings are published in Nature on Aug. 12, 2015.
National Science Foundation, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development of the National Institutes of Health, the Molecular Genetics Unit of the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
Illinois researchers construct atomic model of an immature retrovirus
Researchers from the Theoretical and Computational Biophysics Group at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois have constructed an atomic model of the immature retrovirus RSV in order to understand and block the virus.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Maeve Reilly
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
Journal of Medical Internet Research
Using online health forums to serve underserved communities
University of California, Riverside researchers believe results from their recently published paper on how people use social media and online health forums can help reach underserved communities and prevent the spread of misinformation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
Research into mammal evolution focuses on pivotal Eocene interval in Turkey
With a five-year, $580,000 award from the NSF, scientists from the University of Kansas are departing this month to investigate how climate, plate tectonics and other factors influenced evolution by bringing species together in modern-day Turkey during the Eocene epoch.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
SMU chemist wins prestigious NSF Career Award
SMU chemist Nicolay Tsarevsky's research into new polymer-building processes is boosted by NSF CAREER Award expected to total $650,000.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kenny Ryan
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
Association for Computing Machinery's SIGGRAPH 2015
UMass Amherst computer scientists introduce new graphics software
The new first-of-its-kind structure-transcending software can benefit several computer graphics applications, Kalogerakis says. 'We hope that future 3-D modeling software tools will incorporate our approach to help designers create aesthetically and stylistically plausible 3-D scenes, such as indoor environments. Our approach could also be used by 3-D search engines on the web to help users retrieve 3-D models according to style tags.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 11-Aug-2015
The brain is not as cramped as we thought
Using an innovative method, EPFL scientists show that the brain is not as compact as we have thought all along.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Scientific Reports
Non-native marine species' spread, impact explained by time since introduction
The time since the introduction of a non-native marine species best explains its global range, according to new research by an international team of scientists led by University of Georgia ecologist James E. Byers. The study, published in the open access journal Nature Scientific Reports, also contains a warning: The vast majority of marine invaders have not yet finished spreading.
Macquarie University, University of New South Wales, National Science Foundation, New Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries and National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, National Sea Grant Program, Smithsonian Institution

Contact: James E. Byers
University of Georgia

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Research shows catastrophic invertebrate extinction in Hawai'i and globally
A team of researchers recently published the first rigorous assessment of extinction of invertebrates in Hawai`i. In a companion study the team addressed invertebrate extinction globally. Based on their findings, the researchers show that the suspected biodiversity crisis is real and stressed the need to include assessments of invertebrates in order to obtain a more realistic picture of the current situation, known widely as the 'sixth mass extinction.'
The Ars Cuttoli Foundation, Museum national d'Histoire naturelle, National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture, Oahu Army Natural Resources Program and French National Research Agency

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Scientists pioneer method to track water flowing through glaciers
Researchers for the first time have used seismic sensors to track meltwater flowing through glaciers and into the ocean, a critical step to understanding glaciers as climate changes. Meltwater moving through a glacier can increase melting and destabilize the glacier. It can speed the glacier's flow downhill. It can move boulders and other sediments toward the terminus of the glacier. And it can churn warm ocean water and bring it in contact with the glacier.
National Science Foundation, University of Texas Institute for Geophysics, NASA, US Geological Survey, US Department of Interior

Contact: Anton Caputo
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Mussels inspire development of waterproof adhesives
Nature provides spectacular examples of adhesives that work extraordinarily well in wet and harsh conditions. Mussels stick to boats and rocks by secretion of protein-based adhesives that demonstrate adhesion even in the harsh marine environment. Inspired by these marine creatures, Dr. Abraham Joy and Dr. Ali Dhinojwala and their teams at The University of Akron have developed a synthetic mimic of mussel adhesives using soybean oil as a starting material, which is a renewable resource.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Craig
University of Akron

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Optics Express
Portable ultra-broadband lasers could be key to next-generation sensors
Northwestern University professor Manijeh Razeghi and her team created a custom-tailored, compact laser diode by integrating multiple wavelength emitters into a single device.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Homeland Security, Naval Air Systems Command, NASA

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques
Depth-sensing camera gleans 3-D information in bright sunlight as well as darkness
Depth-sensing cameras, such as Microsoft's Kinect controller for video games, have become widely used 3-D sensors. Now, a new imaging technology invented by Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Toronto addresses a major shortcoming of these cameras: the inability to work in bright light, especially sunlight.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Laboratory, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Byron Spice
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Psychological Science
Parents' math anxiety can undermine children's math achievement
If the thought of a math test makes you break out in a cold sweat, Mom or Dad may be partly to blame, according to new research published in Psychological Science. A team of researchers at the University of Chicago found that children of math-anxious parents learned less math over the school year and were more likely to be math-anxious themselves -- but only when these parents provided frequent help on the child's math homework.
US Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences, National Science Foundation, NSF Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center

Contact: Alex Michel
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Rice, ASU, Yale, UTEP win NSF engineering research center
A Rice University-led consortium has won $18.5 million from the National Science Foundation to establish a national research center in Houston to develop mobile, off-grid water-treatment systems that can provide clean water to millions of people who lack it and make US energy production more sustainable and cost-effective.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Showing releases 576-600 out of 923.

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