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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 601-625 out of 819.

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Public Release: 21-Jan-2015
Freshwater Science
Researchers introduce macrosystems approach to study stream ecology
Kansas State University researchers have collaborated to create the Stream Biome Gradient Concept, which is a way to compare streams in different climates and different continents. The concept can improve how researchers study streams worldwide.
National Science Foundation, Konza Long-Term Ecological Research program, International Grasslands Center

Contact: Walter Dodds
wkdodds@k-state.edu
785-532-6998
Kansas State University

Public Release: 21-Jan-2015
VCU researcher receives NSF grant to extend lifespan of Li-ion batteries
A Virginia Commonwealth University professor has received a five-year, $505,000 award from the National Science Foundation to make lithium-ion batteries -- which power electric vehicles and portable electronic devices -- far more efficient, sustainable and environmentally friendly.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian McNeill
bwmcneill@vcu.edu
804-827-0889
Virginia Commonwealth University

Public Release: 21-Jan-2015
Psychological Science
Seeing is not remembering
People may have to 'turn on' their memories in order to remember even the simplest details of an experience, according to Penn State psychologists. This finding, which has been named 'attribute amnesia,' indicates that memory is far more selective than previously thought.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Victoria M. Indivero
vmi1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 21-Jan-2015
BioScience
Next-generation sequencing offers insight into how species adapt to climate change
Next-generation sequencing allows for the creation and analysis of vast amounts of data about populations and their responses to shifting environmental conditions, including climate change. These data can provide fine-scale information at the genomic level into populations' adaptations to changing circumstances. Despite the potential usefulness of next-generation sequencing for environmental scientists, it is a costly tool, and funding has yet to equal the value that it may provide.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Defense, National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship Program

Contact: James Verdier
jverdier@gmail.com
703-517-1362
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 21-Jan-2015
Nature
Two lakes beneath the ice in Greenland, gone within weeks
Researchers discovered craters left behind when two sub-glacial lakes in Greenland drained away -- an indication that the natural plumbing system beneath the ice sheet is overflowing with meltwater.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Scientists drilling first deep ice core at the South Pole
The 40,000-year record will be the first deep core from this part of Antarctica, and the first record longer than 3,000 years collected south of 82 degrees latitude. The exceptional cold at the South Pole preserves trace gases better than at other locations.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Climate Dynamics
Greenland Ice: The warmer it gets the faster it melts
Melting of glacial ice will probably raise sea level around the globe, but how fast this melting will happen is uncertain. In the case of the Greenland Ice Sheet, the more temperatures increase, the faster the ice will melt, according to computer model experiments by Penn State geoscientists.
USDepartment of Energy, NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Advanced Materials
One nanoparticle, 6 types of medical imaging
Using two biocompatible parts, University at Buffalo researchers and their colleagues have designed a nanoparticle that can be detected by six medical imaging techniques: computed tomography scanning; positron emission tomography scanning; photoacoustic imaging; fluorescence imaging; upconversion imaging; and Cerenkov luminescence imaging.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society, Natural Science Foundation of China, Program for the Basic Research Excellent Talents in Harbin Institute of Technology, and others

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
chsu22@buffalo.edu
716-645-4655
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Applications in Plant Sciences
Mapping the maize genome
Maize is one of the most important cereal crops in the world. The complete genome of maize has been sequenced, but its size and complexity presents a challenge to researchers seeking to identify specific genes responsible for traits. Positional cloning has been used successfully in smaller genomes; researchers have applied this mapping technique to the maize genome and have published their protocol -- the first detailed step-by-step protocol on positional cloning -- in Applications in Plant Sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Parada
apps@botany.org
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Researchers get $1.4 million to advance 'big data' for genomic research
Clemson University researchers Alex Feltus and Kuang-Ching Wang are part of a team of scientists that received a $1.4 million grant from the National Science Foundation to help meet the growing needs of the data-driven genomic science community.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alex Feltus
ffeltus@clemson.edu
864-656-3231
Clemson University

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Climate change does not bode well for picky eaters
In a part of the world that is experiencing the most dramatic increase in temperature and climate change, two very similar species of animals are responding very differently. New research published today suggests that how these species have adapted to co-exist with one another might be to blame.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Alison Satake
asatake@lsu.edu
225-578-3870
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
RSC Advances
Wearable sensor clears path to long-term EKG, EMG monitoring
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new, wearable sensor that uses silver nanowires to monitor electrophysiological signals, such as electrocardiographyor electromyography. The new sensor is as accurate as the 'wet electrode' sensors used in hospitals, but can be used for long-term monitoring and is more accurate than existing sensors when a patient is moving.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 20-Jan-2015
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Metabolic enzyme is upregulated in patients with non-small cell lung cancer
A new study in the Journal of Clinical Investigation identifies a metabolic enzyme that is upregulated in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Center for Research Resources, Kentucky Lung Cancer Research Program, Kentucky Challenge for Excellence, Drive Cancer Out Campaign

Contact: Corinne Williams
press_releases@the-jci.org
Journal of Clinical Investigation

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Nature Photonics
New laser for computer chips
Scientists from Forschungszentrum Juelich and the Paul Scherrer Institute in Switzerland in cooperation with international partners have presented the first semiconductor consisting solely of elements of main group IV. As a consequence, the germanium-tin laser can be applied directly onto a silicon chip and thus creates a new basis for transmitting data on computer chips via light: this transfer is faster than is possible with copper wires and requires only a fraction of the energy.
Swiss National Science Foundation, European Community's Seventh Framework Programme, Federal Ministry of Education and Research

Contact: Tobias Schloesser
t.schloesser@fz-juelich.de
49-246-161-4771
Forschungszentrum Juelich

Public Release: 19-Jan-2015
Nature Photonics
New high-speed 3-D microscope -- SCAPE -- gives deeper view of living things
Columbia Engineering professor Elizabeth Hillman has developed SCAPE, a new microscope that images living things in 3-D at very high speeds. Her approach uses a simple, single-objective imaging geometry that requires no sample mounting or translation, making it possible to image freely moving living samples. SCAPE's ability to perform real-time 3-D imaging at cellular resolution in behaving organisms could be transformative for biomedical and neuroscience research.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Science Foundation, Human Frontier Science Program, Wallace H. Coulter Foundation, Dana Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@gmail.com
347-453-7408
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 16-Jan-2015
As Austin grows, so does its traffic woes
The Network Modeling Center is a group within The University of Texas at Austin's Center for Transportation Research that is working with city planners in Austin to address traffic issues in the city. The NMC worked with experts at the Texas Advanced Computing Center to create a web visualization tool to display their models and speed up the traffic simulation time. The group uses their information to support city planners and build an informed community in improving existing infrastructure and developing new proposals.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Faith Singer
faith@tacc.utexas.edu
512-232-5771
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 16-Jan-2015
Three nearly Earth-size planets found orbiting nearby star
NASA's Kepler Space Telescope has discovered a star with three planets only slightly larger than Earth. The outermost planet orbits in the 'Goldilocks' zone -- where surface temperatures could be moderate enough for liquid water and perhaps life to exist. The star ranks among the top 10 nearest stars known to have transiting planets. The star's close enough for astronomers to study the planets' atmospheres to determine if they could possibly be conducive to life.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Doug Carroll
dougcarroll@email.arizona.edu
520-621-9017
University of Arizona

Public Release: 16-Jan-2015
Nature Communications
Heart arrhythmias detected in deep-diving marine mammals
A new study of dolphins and seals shows that despite their remarkable adaptations to aquatic life, exercising while holding their breath remains a physiological challenge for marine mammals. The study, published Jan. 15 in Nature Communications, found a surprisingly high frequency of heart arrhythmias in bottlenose dolphins and Weddell seals during the deepest dives.
US Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Optica
Breakthrough lights up metamaterials
A City College of New York led-team has successfully demonstrated how to both enhance light emission and capture light from metamaterials embedded with light emitting nanocrystals. The breakthrough, headed by physicist Dr. Vinod Menon, could lead to a range of applications including ultrafast LEDs, nanoscale lasers and efficient single photon sources.
Army Research Office, National Science Foundation Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers program, Center for Photonic and Multiscale Nanomaterials

Contact: Vinod Menon
vmenon@ccny.cuny.edu
212-650-7443
City College of New York

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Shining a light on quantum dots measurement
Using the cadmium selenide quantum dot, researchers at Syracuse University collaborated to understand how protein corona forms and what is different about the quantum dot before and after the formation of the corona.
National Science Foundation, Syracuse University

Contact: Matt Wheeler
mrwheele@syr.edu
215-443-4777
Syracuse University

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Science
MIT team enlarges brain samples, making them easier to image
Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers have discovered a method that enlarges tissue samples by embedding them in a polymer that swells when water is added.
National Institutes of Health, New York Stem Cell Foundation, Jeremy and Joyce Wertheimer, National Science Foundation, Fannie and John Hertz Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Science
Rice-sized laser, powered one electron at a time, bodes well for quantum computing
Princeton University researchers have built a rice grain-sized microwave laser, or 'maser,' powered by single electrons that demonstrates the fundamental interactions between light and moving electrons. It is a major step toward building quantum-computing systems out of semiconductor materials.
National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency QuEST, Army Research Office, David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Plasma Processes and Polymers
Gold nanoparticles show promise for early detection of heart attacks
A novel colloidal gold test strip is demonstrating great potential for early detection of certain heart attacks. Researchers are developing the strip to test for cardiac troponin I (cTn-I); its level is several thousand times higher in patients experiencing myochardial infarctions. The new strip uses microplasma-generated gold nanoparticles. Compared to AuNPs produced by traditional chemical methods, the surfaces of thesenanoparticles attract more antibodies, which results in significantly higher detection sensitivity.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
kathleen.hamilton@nyu.edu
718-260-3792
New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Zootaxa
Undercover researchers expose new species of lizard for sale on Philippine black market
Amid the black-market pet trade in Manila, KU's Rafe Brown and colleagues discovered two species of water monitor lizard that previously were unknown to science.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M Lynch
brendan@ku.edu
785-864-8855
University of Kansas

Public Release: 15-Jan-2015
Science
Vaccine-induced CD4 T cells have adverse effect in a mouse model of infection
New findings demonstrate that vaccine-elicted CD4 T cells lead to overwhelming inflammatory response in mouse model of chronic infection.
National Institutes of Health, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Swiss National Science Foundation, European Research Council, Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Intramural Research Program

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
bprescot@bidmc.harvard.edu
617-667-7306
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Showing releases 601-625 out of 819.

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