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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 601-625 out of 903.

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Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Study shows North Atlantic Ocean CO2 storage doubled over last decade
A University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science-led study shows that the North Atlantic absorbed 100 percent more man-made carbon dioxide over the last decade, compared to the previous decade. The findings show the impact that the burning of fossil fuels have had on the world's oceans in just 10 years.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
U-Idaho researchers: The US must address the 'wicked problem' of wildfire
The United States must make preparing for and adapting to wildfire a top national priority, says a team of University of Idaho researchers and their international partners in a paper published today in the journal BioScience. The researchers issued a call for academia, government agencies, industries and communities to work together to address wildfire because it is a 'wicked problem' -- one so complex that a one-size-fits-all solution does not exist.
National Science Foundation, NASA, NSF/Idaho EPSCoR, NSF/Alaska EPSCoR

Contact: Tara Roberts
University of Idaho

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
International genome research partnership uncovers bed bug resistance to pesticides
A comprehensive analysis of the bed bug genome finds that their hardy makeup is all in the genes.
National Human Genome Research Institute, Blanton J. Whitmire Endowment, Housing and Urban Development, National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Dawn Fuller
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
Researchers sequence bedbug genome, find unique features
The word bedbug conjures fear and loathing. Now, the genome sequence of the common bedbug reveals the mechanisms behind the pest's ability to resist insecticides and to mitigate rough sexual insemination practices, among other characteristics.
US Department of Housing and Urban Development, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation, NC State's Blanton J. Whitmire endowment

Contact: Coby Schal
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
Bed bug genome uncovers biology of a pest on the rebound
Purdue University researchers participated in a multi-institute project that sequenced the genome of the common bed bug, a blood-sucking insect that has reemerged globally as a hardy pest capable of withstanding most major classes of insecticides.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, Blanton J. Whitmore Endowment, US Department of Housing and Urban Development, National Science Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Royal Society of New Zealand Marsden Fast

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
Purdue University

Public Release: 2-Feb-2016
Antiperspirant alters the microbial ecosystem on your skin
Wearing antiperspirant or deodorant doesn't just affect your social life, it substantially changes the microbial life that lives on you. New research finds that antiperspirant and deodorant can significantly influence both the type and quantity of bacterial life found in the human armpit's 'microbiome.'
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
A uniter and a divider
A USC-led study of moral values reveals issues related to purity can determine how close -- or how far -- we want to be with someone in social and political circles.
NSF/Interdisciplinary Behavioral and Social Sciences

Contact: Emily Gersema
University of Southern California

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Living a 'mixotrophic' lifestyle
Some tiny plankton may have big effect on ocean's carbon storage.
Simons Foundation, The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, NASA, and National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Disruptions to embryonic reprogramming alter adult mouse behavior
When the process of epigenetic reprogramming is defective in mouse development, the consequences in adulthood can include abnormal repetitive behaviors, Emory scientists have shown.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute for Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Journal of Climate
Long-term global warming not driven naturally
By examining how Earth restores equilibrium after periods of natural warming, a study by Duke University and NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory reinforces that long-term global temperature does not evolve chaotically but remains stable unless pushed by external factors. Large, sustained changes in global temperature, like those observed over the last century, cannot occur without drivers such as increased greenhouse gas concentrations. Estimates of natural climate cycles alone are insufficient to explain such changes.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
BMC Biology
Can animals thrive without oxygen?
In 2010, a research team garnered attention when it published evidence of finding the first animals living in permanently anoxic conditions at the bottom of the sea. But a new study, led by scientists at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, raises doubts.
National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Scientific Reports
Why do scientists chase unicorns?
Scientists chase unicorns because if they could prove the existence of the magical beasts, the world would be a better place. Take Maren Friesen, Michigan State University plant biologist, for example. Her quest was to find near-mythical bacteria that could fix their own nitrogen. Her search for such magical beasties was based on results from Germany published in the 1990s that seemed to confirm their existence.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
Michigan State University

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Major storm events play key role in biogeochemistry of watersheds
A new Yale-led study finds that heavy weather events cause an inordinate amount of organic material to bypass headwater systems, pushing them downstream into larger rivers and coastal waters and inland basins -- with profound implications for water quality through the watershed.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Scientific expedition to Antarctica will search for dinosaurs and more
An international team of researchers supported by the National Science Foundation will journey to Antarctica this month to search for evidence that the now-frozen continent may have been the starting point for some important species that roam the Earth today.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anton Caputo
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A better model for Parkinson's disease
Scientists at EPFL solve a longstanding problem with modeling Parkinson's disease in animals. Using newfound insights, they improve both cell and animal models for the disease, which can propel research and drug development.
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Swiss National Science Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 29-Jan-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
Moon's tidal forces affect amount of rainfall on Earth
Satellite data shows that the moon's gravity puts a slight damper on rainfall on Earth.
National Science Foundation, Tanaka Ikueikai Scholarship Society, Iizuka Takeshi Scholarship Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 29-Jan-2016
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Ancient rocks of Tetons formed by continental collisions
Plate tectonics were operating in what is now western Wyoming long before the collisions that created the Himalayas starting 40 million years ago.
National Science Foundation, University of Wyoming/Grand Teton National Park

Contact: Carol Frost
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 29-Jan-2016
Science Advances
Cornell researchers create first self-assembled superconductor
Building on nearly two decades' worth of research, a multidisciplinary team at Cornell has blazed a new trail by creating a self-assembled, three-dimensional gyroidal superconductor.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Daryl Lovell
Cornell University

Public Release: 29-Jan-2016
Nature Communications
CU-Boulder study: Ancient extinction of giant Australian bird points to humans
The first direct evidence that humans played a substantial role in the extinction of the huge, wondrous beasts inhabiting Australia some 50,000 years ago -- in this case a 500-pound bird -- has been discovered by a University of Colorado Boulder-led team.
National Science Foundation, The Australian Research Council

Contact: Gifford Miller
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Conservation Biology
Wildlife win when cash takes edge off 'park vs. people' conservation conflict
Conserving wildlife habitat sounds noble, but when it comes down to work or sacrifice, cold hard cash -- a decent amount of it -- goes a long way.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Sue Nichols
Michigan State University

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Neurobiology of Disease
New therapy halts progression of Lou Gehrig's disease in mice
Researchers announced today that they have essentially stopped the progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's disease, for nearly two years in one type of mouse model used to study the disease -- allowing the mice to approach their normal lifespan. The findings are compelling and promising, scientists say.
National Institutes of Health, ALS Association, National Science Foundation, Department of Defense

Contact: Joe Beckman
Oregon State University

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Failing hearts use alternative fuel for energy
Findings suggest a new approach to treat early heart failure.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gammon
Sanford-Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
UMass Amherst neuroscientist receives $599,000 grant to study brain function
Cognitive neuroscientist Rosie Cowell at UMass Amherst recently received a five-year, $599,619 NSF CAREER award to develop and test a theory of how memory interacts with fine-grained visual perception and how both brain functions depend on the medial temporal lobe, once thought to be critical for memory but not for visual perception. It has become clear that a segregated model of separate brain regions being responsible for single functions such as language or memory is not accurate.
National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development program

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Treating Parkinson's disease by solving the mysteries of movement
Two secrets of one of the brain's most enigmatic regions have finally been revealed. In a pair of studies published in Cell and Neuron, scientists from the Gladstone Institutes have discovered a specific neural circuit that controls walking, and they found that input to this circuit is disrupted in Parkinson's disease. The research reveals two potential new targets to treat movement disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Center for Research Resources, Swiss National Science Foundations, State of California

Contact: Dana Smith
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Researchers develop completely new kind of polymer
Imagine a polymer with removable parts that can deliver something to the environment and then be chemically regenerated to function again. Or a polymer that can contract and expand the way muscles do. These functions require polymers with both rigid and soft nano-sized compartments with extremely different properties. Northwestern University researchers have developed a hybrid polymer of this type that might one day be used in artificial muscles; for delivery of drugs or biomolecules; in self-repairing materials; and for replaceable energy sources.
National Science Foundation, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Showing releases 601-625 out of 903.

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