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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 601-625 out of 924.

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Public Release: 7-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Shipwrecks, tree rings reveal Caribbean hurricanes in buccaneer era
Records of Spanish shipwrecks combined with tree-ring records show the period 1645 to 1715 had the fewest Caribbean hurricanes since 1500, according to new University of Arizona-led research. The study is the first to use shipwrecks as a proxy for hurricane activity. The researchers found a 75 percent reduction in the number of Caribbean hurricanes from 1645-1715, a time that had little sunspot activity and cool temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere.
University of Southern Mississippi, National Science Foundation, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Agnese N. Haury Visiting Scholar Fellowship

Contact: Mari N. Jensen
mnjensen@email.arizona.edu
520-626-9635
University of Arizona

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Construction of Sacramento Kings arena using drone monitoring system developed at Illinois
A University of Illinois team has developed predictive visual data analytics tools, called 'Flying Superintendent' to automate and streamline today's time-consuming practices for construction progress monitoring. Their award-winning solution utilizes both images and videos taken with camera drones and four-dimensional Building Information Modeling to quickly identify and visually communicate the actual and potential performance problems during execution of construction projects via smartphones and tablets to project participants, on and off site.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Koon
mkoon@illinois.edu
217-244-1256
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Cornell opens $25 million NSF platform for discovering new materials
Cornell University is leading an effort that will empower scientists, engineers and entrepreneurs throughout the nation to design and create new interface materials -- materials that do not exist in nature and possess unprecedented properties -- thanks to a $25 million grant from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
vpk6@cornell.edu
607-255-3981
Cornell University

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
NSU researcher receives part of National Science Foundation grant to study deep-sea life
NSU researcher is part of a team that will study deep-sea life, and more specifically, bioluminescence.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joe Donzelli
jdonzelli@nova.edu
954-262-2159
Nova Southeastern University

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Stem Cell Reports
Scientists develop very early stage human embryonic stem cell lines for first time
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have for the first time shown that it is possible to derive from a human embryo so-called 'naïve' pluripotent stem cells -- one of the most flexible types of stem cell, which can develop into all human tissue other than the placenta.
Medical Research Council, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Swiss National Science Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Craig Brierley
craig.brierley@admin.cam.ac.uk
44-012-237-66205
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
NSF funds national user facility for $17.8 million to develop 2-D crystals
The National Science Foundation announced today, March 4, the award of $17.8 million over 5 years to Penn State to fund one of only two Materials Innovation Platform national user facilities in the country. These MIP awards are the first of what will become a national infrastructure to support key scientific research areas.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Science Advances
Cosmochemists find evidence for unstable heavy element at solar system formation
University of Chicago scientists have discovered evidence in a meteorite that a rare element, curium, was present during the formation of the solar system. This finding ends a 35-year-old debate on the possible presence of curium in the early solar system, and plays a crucial role in reassessing models of stellar evolution and synthesis of elements in stars. Details of the discovery appear in the March 4 edition of Science Advances.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Koppes
skoppes@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
Study offers clearest picture yet of how HIV defeats a cellular defender
A new study offers the first atomic-scale view of an interaction between the HIV capsid -- the protein coat that shepherds HIV into the nucleus of human cells -- and a host protein known as cyclophilin A. This interaction is key to HIV infection, researchers say.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Israeli Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Science Advances
A proposed superconductivity theory receives exclusive experimental confirmation
Superconductivity is one of the most exciting problems in physics, which has resulted in investments worldwide of enormous brain power and resources since its discovery a little over a century ago. Scientists have proposed theories for new classes of superconducting materials discovered several decades later, followed by teams of experimentalists working to provide evidence for these theories. One theory proposed by a UC Riverside physicist has now been experimentally proven to be a consistent theory.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Winning the water war starts with winning the battle on data
'Smart' water meters won't help resource managers interpret usage data without new analysis tools and a dependable urban water cyberinfrastructure. Engineering researchers at Utah State University are leading new advancements in hydroinformatics and building the tools to collect, shrink and transform water data into useful information.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Horsburgh
jeff.horsburgh@usu.edu
435-797-2946
Utah State University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
American Sociological Review
Accepting a job below one's skill level can adversely affect future employment prospects
Accepting a job below one's skill level can be severely penalizing when applying for future employment because of the perception that someone who does this is less committed or less competent, according to new research from a sociologist at The University of Texas at Austin.
National Science Foundation, Horowitz Foundation for Social Policy, Employment Instability, Family Well-Being, and Social Policy Network at the University of Chicago, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Princeton University

Contact: Rachel Griess
rachelgriess@austin.utexas.edu
512-471-2689
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Wayne State professor earns prestigious NSF CAREER Award
Chung-Tse Michael Wu of the Wayne State University College of Engineering has been awarded a National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Award, and aims to develop antennas made of novel transmission-line-based metamaterials that would enable a high-speed, microwave panoramic camera.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Science
Quantum computer factors numbers, could be scaled up
Researchers from MIT and the University of Innsbruck report that they have designed and built a quantum computer from five atoms in an ion trap. The computer uses laser pulses to carry out Shor's algorithm on each atom, to correctly factor the number 15. The system is designed in such a way that more atoms and lasers can be added to build a bigger and faster quantum computer, able to factor much larger numbers.
Intelligence Advanced Research Project Activity, MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms, National Science Foundation Physics Frontier Center

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Cell
How many types of neurons are there in the brain?
For decades, scientists have struggled to develop a comprehensive census of cell types in the brain. Now, researchers describe powerful new approaches to systematically identify individual classes of neurons in the spinal cord. In doing so, they reveal elements of the underlying circuit architecture through which these neurons shape movement -- and highlight how statistical approaches could provide neuroscientists with a critical tool to quantify the cellular diversity of any region of the brain.
NIH/National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes for Health, Department of Defense, Office of Naval Research, Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Brain Research Foundation

Contact: Anne Holden
anne.holden@columbia.edu
212-853-0171
The Zuckerman Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Science
Super elastic electroluminescent 'skin' will soon create mood robots
A team of Cornell engineers have developed an electroluminescent 'skin' that stretches to more than six times its original size while still emitting light. The discovery could lead to significant advances in health care, transportation, electronic communication and other areas.
Army Research Office, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Daryl Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Cancer Cell
Breast cancer: An improved animal model opens up new treatments
EPFL scientists have developed an animal model for breast cancer that faithfully captures the disease. Tested on human breast tissue, this the most clinically realistic model of breast cancer to date.
European Union Seventh Framework Programme, European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations, Oncosuisse, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
Global Change Biology
UD prof studies how permafrost thawing affects vegetation, carbon cycle
University of Delaware scientists are exploring how the thawing of permafrost affects vegetation and the carbon cycle in the Toolik Lake area of Alaska's North Slope.
US Department of Energy, DOE/Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Program, National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
pbothum@udel.edu
University of Delaware

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
International Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems
Bad vibrations: UCI researchers find security breach in 3-D printing process
With findings that could have been taken from the pages of a spy novel, researchers at the University of California, Irvine have demonstrated that they can purloin intellectual property by recording and processing sounds emitted by a 3-D printer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Bell
bpbell@uci.edu
949-824-8249
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
Extreme tornado outbreaks have become more common, says study
Most death and destruction inflicted by tornadoes in North America occurs during outbreaks -- large-scale weather events that can last one to three days and span huge regions. Now, a new study shows that the average number of tornadoes in these outbreaks has risen since 1954, and that the chance of extreme outbreaks -- tornado factories like the one in 2011 -- has also increased.
Willis Re, Columbia University's Research Initiatives for Science and Engineering, Office of Naval Research, NOAA's Climate Program Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Krajick
kkrajick@ei.columbia.edu
212-854-9729
The Earth Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
UTA engineer earns NSF CAREER grant to develop safer lithium ion batteries
The National Science Foundation has awarded a five-year, $500,000 Faculty Early Career Development, or CAREER grant to Ankur Jain, an assistant professor in the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, to develop a fundamental understanding of how heat flows in materials within a Li-ion battery so that those batteries can be used safely in more applications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
Nature
Study shows whales dine with their own kind
Researchers from MIT, Northeastern University, the Institute of Marine Research in Norway, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, have found that as multiple species of whales feast on herring, they tend to stick with their own kind, establishing species-specific feeding centers along the 150-mile length of Georges Bank.
Ocean Acoustics Program of the Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, National Oceanographic Partnership Program, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Census of Marine Life

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
Spinning better electronic devices
A team of researchers, led by a group at the University of California, Riverside, have demonstrated for the first time the transmission of electrical signals through insulators in a sandwich-like structure, a development that could help create more energy efficient electronic devices.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-1287
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
ACS Central Science
Converting atmospheric carbon dioxide into batteries
Scientists from Vanderbilt and George Washington universities have worked out a way to make electric vehicles not just carbon neutral, but carbon negative by demonstrating how the graphite electrodes used in the lithium-ion batteries can be replaced with carbon recovered from the atmosphere.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David F Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
Genome Research
New method reveals high similarity between gorilla and human Y chromosome
A faster, less expensive method has been developed and used to learn the DNA sequence of the male-specific Y chromosome in the gorilla. The research reveals that a male gorilla's Y chromosome is more similar to a male human's Y chromosome than to a chimpanzee's. The technique works for any species, so it can be used to study male infertility disorders and male-specific mutations. It also can aid in conservation efforts.
National Science Foundation, Penn State University, Pennsylvania Department of Health, National Institutes of Health, John and Beverly Stauffer Foundation, Alice B. Tyler Charitable Trust, Leverhulme Trust

Contact: Barbara Kennedy
science@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
Journal of Experimental Biology
Water-skiing beetles get a bumpy ride
When a waterlily beetle (Galerucella nymphaeae) vanishes from the surface of a pond, it hasn't just disappeared; it's gone water-skiing at high speed -- 0.5m/s, equivalent to a human traveling at around 500km/h. Flying along the surface on four legs, the beetles also generate ripples as they bounce along the top of the water.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Science Foundation, Pew Foundation

Contact: Kathryn Knight
kathryn.knight@biologists.com
44-012-236-32871
The Company of Biologists

Showing releases 601-625 out of 924.

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