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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 601-625 out of 911.

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Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Psychological Science
Parents' math anxiety can undermine children's math achievement
If the thought of a math test makes you break out in a cold sweat, Mom or Dad may be partly to blame, according to new research published in Psychological Science. A team of researchers at the University of Chicago found that children of math-anxious parents learned less math over the school year and were more likely to be math-anxious themselves -- but only when these parents provided frequent help on the child's math homework.
US Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences, National Science Foundation, NSF Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center

Contact: Alex Michel
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Rice, ASU, Yale, UTEP win NSF engineering research center
A Rice University-led consortium has won $18.5 million from the National Science Foundation to establish a national research center in Houston to develop mobile, off-grid water-treatment systems that can provide clean water to millions of people who lack it and make US energy production more sustainable and cost-effective.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Advanced Materials
Eliminating entanglements
A Harvard team of polymer physicists and chemists has developed a way to create an ultra-soft dry silicone rubber. This new rubber features tunable softness to match a variety of biological tissues, opening new opportunities in biomedical research and engineering.
National Science Foundation, Harvard Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 10-Aug-2015
Psychological Science
Parents' math anxiety can undermine children's math achievement
A team of researchers led by UChicago psychologists Sian Beilock and Susan Levine found that children of math-anxious parents learned less math over the school year and were more likely to be math-anxious themselves -- but only when these parents provided frequent help on the child's math homework.
US Department of Education Institute of Education Sciences, National Science Foundation, NSF Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center

Contact: Steve Koppes
University of Chicago

Public Release: 7-Aug-2015
NSF funds industry/university center for atomically thin coatings
The study and development of atomically thin coatings will be the focus of a one of a kind National Science Foundation funded university/industry center.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 7-Aug-2015
UM researchers head to the clouds to study Earth's climate
Nearly 40 years after taking his first aircraft measurements of clouds off the California coast, University of Miami Professor Bruce Albrecht has returned again this month equipped with new state-of-the-art technologies to understand the effects of low-lying clouds on global climate.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 7-Aug-2015
How plants cope with stress, at the molecular level
Biochemist Elizabeth Vierling at the University of Massachusetts Amherst recently received a three-year, $682,982 National Science Foundation grant to study how plants respond, at the molecular and cellular level, to stress in their environment and the role of a regulatory protein called S-nitrosoglutathione reductase (GSNOR).
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 6-Aug-2015
Tiny, light-activated crystal sponges fail over time. Why?
Hole-filled crystals called MOFs could one day serve as high-tech sponges, sopping up spilled oil, greenhouse gases and other chemicals. But first, scientists must overcome an obstacle: understanding why these minute contraptions lose their sponging capabilities over time.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 6-Aug-2015
New algorithm aimed at combating science's reproducibility problem
A research team that bridges academia and industry has developed a new tool that can help identify false discoveries made through adaptive analysis. In a study published in Science, they have outlined a method for successively testing hypotheses on the same data set without compromising statistical assurances that their conclusions are valid.
Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Rangeland Ecology and Management
Population changes, priorities cause woodlands to increase
Woody plant encroachment is one of the biggest challenges facing rangelands worldwide, but it consistently has been under-measured and poorly understood, said a Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientist in College Station. Dr. Matthew Berg, an AgriLife Research postdoctoral research associate in the Texas A&M department of ecosystem and science management, is trying to change both the understanding and measurement with his latest study.
US Department of Agriculture-National Institute of Food, National Science Foundation, and Texas A&M University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences/Tom Slick Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Dr. Matthew Berg
Texas A&M AgriLife Communications

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Making a better nitrate test kit
This little black box could change how we study one of the world's biggest water quality issues. Our Michigan Tech team joined up with the Nitrate Elimination Company to create this this new nitrate test kit.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Pearce
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Current Biology
Natural selection, key to evolution, also can impede formation of new species
An intriguing study involving walking stick insects led by the University of Sheffield in England and the University of Colorado Boulder shows how natural selection, the engine of evolution, can also impede the formation of new species.
European Research Council, National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Human Frontier Science Program, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Samuel Flaxman
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Journal of Mammalogy
Pandas set their own pace, tracking reveals
When it comes to body clocks, pandas are the rugged individualists of the forest. The research team led by scientists at Michigan State University (MSU) that has spent years getting unprecedented peeks into panda habits courtesy of five animals with GPS collars has learned their daily routines fall out of the ordinary.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Sue Nichols
Michigan State University

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
The Astrophysical Journal Letters
Milky Way-like galaxies may have existed in the early universe
A new, large-scale computer simulation has shown for the first time that large disk galaxies, much like our own Milky Way, may have existed in the early days of the universe. The simulation, created by physicists at Carnegie Mellon University's McWilliams Center for Cosmology and the University of California Berkeley, shows that the early universe -- a mere 500 million years after the Big Bang -- might have had more order and structure than previously thought.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Nature Materials
Sandcastles inspire new nanoparticle binding technique
In a paper published this week in Nature Materials, researchers from North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill show that magnetic nanoparticles encased in oily liquid shells can bind together in water, much like sand particles mixed with the right amount of water can form sandcastles.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office

Contact: Dr. Orlin Velev
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
How makerspaces can be more accessible to people with disabilities
University of Washington researchers have released new guidelines to make MakerSpaces more accessible to people with disabilities, as these communal spaces with soldering irons, 3-D printers, sewing machines and other 'making' tools pop up nationwide.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
University of Washington

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Journal of Experimental Biology
Parental experience may help coral offspring survive climate change
A new study from scientists at the University of Hawai'i - Mānoa's Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology reveals that preconditioning adult corals to increased temperature and ocean acidification resulted in offspring that may be better able to handle those future environmental stressors. This rapid trans-generational acclimatization may be able to 'buy time' for corals in the race against climate change.
National Science Foundation, National Marine Sanctuary Program and Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology Reserve Partnership, International Society for Reef Studies, Ocean Conservancy, American Fisheries Society, and US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 5-Aug-2015
Science Translational Medicine
Computer algorithm can forecast patients' deadly sepsis
A new computer-based method correctly predicts septic shock in 85 percent of cases, without increasing the false positive rate from screening methods that are common now.
National Science Foundation, Google Research, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering

Contact: Arthur Hirsch
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
UT Arlington Research Institute teams with Dallas firm to build new solar optics system
The University of Texas at Arlington Research Institute and Dallas-based Skyven Technologies have been awarded a National Science Foundation's Small Business Innovation Research program grant to build and test a Phase 1 prototype of a novel optics system for concentrating sunlight more than 1,000 times the usual amplification.
NSF/Small Business Innovation Research Grant

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Nature Physics
World's quietest gas lets physicists hear faint quantum effects
Bose-Einstein Condensates have been cooled to a record 0.5 nanoKelvin, but the entropy of these gases are relatively high, meaning half the gas is normal, not quantum. UC Berkeley physicists found a way to reduce the entropy or noise in a BEC system at 1 nanoKelvin so that nearly all atoms are in the same quantum state, creating the quietest gas ever. It can be used to model quantum magnets and high-temperature superconductors.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, US Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
International Conference on Intelligent Robotics and Systems
Giving robots a more nimble grasp
Engineers at MIT have now hit upon a way to impart more dexterity to simple robotic grippers: using the environment as a helping hand. The team, led by Alberto Rodriguez, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering, and graduate student Nikhil Chavan-Dafle, has developed a model that predicts the force with which a robotic gripper needs to push against various fixtures in the environment in order to adjust its grasp on an object.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Sardines, anchovies, other fast-growing fish vulnerable to dramatic population plunges
A Rutgers marine biologist studying the rise and fall of fish populations worldwide recently made a counterintuitive discovery: ocean species that grow quickly and reproduce frequently are more likely to experience dramatic plunges in population than larger, slower growing fish such as sharks or tuna. In nearly all of the cases, overfishing was the culprit. Combining climate variability with high levels of fishing greatly increases the risk of population collapse.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carl Blesch
Rutgers University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Animal Behaviour
Spiders quickly learn eavesdropping to gain ground on the mating competition
Results of an NSF-funded research partnership are revealed in the August issue of the prestigious international journal Animal Behaviour.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dawn Fuller
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Parenting: Science and Practice
How new moms assess their partners' ability to parent
New mothers take a close look at their personal relationship with their husband or partner when deciding how much they want him involved in parenting, new research finds.
National Science Foundation, NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan
Ohio State University

Public Release: 4-Aug-2015
Environmental Science & Technology
Protecting the environment by re-thinking death
Scientists first had to re-think death before they could develop a way of testing the potential harm to the environment caused by thousands of chemicals humankind uses each day. Researchers led by Dr Roman Ashauer, of the Environment Department at the University of York, refined the technique of survival analysis used routinely by toxicologists, biologists, medical researchers and engineers. The research could pave the way for testing the estimated 15,000 substances discovered daily.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Federal Office for the Environment

Contact: David Garner
University of York

Showing releases 601-625 out of 911.

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