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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 626-650 out of 845.

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Public Release: 17-Apr-2015
Science
New lab technique reveals structure and function of proteins critical in DNA repair
By combining two highly innovative experimental techniques, scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have for the first time simultaneously observed the structure and the correlated function of specific proteins critical in the repair of DNA, providing definitive answers to some highly debated questions, and opening up new avenues of inquiry and exciting new possibilities for biological engineering.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Siv Schwink
sschwink@illinois.edu
217-300-2201
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 17-Apr-2015
Advanced Materials
Beyond the lithium ion -- a significant step toward a better performing battery
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have taken a significant step toward the development of a battery that could outperform the lithium-ion technology used in electric cars such as the Chevy Volt. They have shown they can replace the lithium ions, each of which carries a single positive charge, with magnesium ions, which have a plus-two charge, in battery-like chemical reactions, using an electrode with a structure like those in many of today's devices.
Joint Center for Energy Storage Research, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeanne Galatzer-Levy
jgala@uic.edu
312-996-1583
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 16-Apr-2015
Scientific Reports
Engineer improves rechargeable batteries with MoS2 nano 'sandwich'
The key to better cell phones and other rechargeable electronics may be in tiny 'sandwiches' made of nanosheets, according to mechanical engineering research from Kansas State University.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gurpreet Singh
gurpreet@k-state.edu
785-532-7085
Kansas State University

Public Release: 16-Apr-2015
Experimental Botany
Study finds that maize roots have evolved to be more nitrogen efficient
Selective breeding of maize over the last century to create hybrids with desirable shoot characteristics and increased yield may have contributed indirectly to the evolution of root systems that are more efficient in acquiring nutrients, such as nitrogen, from the soil, according to researchers.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 16-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Fish type, body size can help predict nutrient recycling rates
The nutrients excreted by fish in their 'pee' may be critical to the health of coastal ecosystems. But knowing whether generalizations can be made about how to predict these nutrient levels in various ecosystems has vexed researchers -- until now.
National Science Foundation, US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Mick Kulikowski
mick_kulikowski@ncsu.edu
919-515-8387
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 16-Apr-2015
Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2015)
Research identifies barriers in tracking meals and what foodies want
Eating healthy is sometimes a challenge on its own, so technology should ease that burden -- not increase it -- according to new research from the Georgia Institute of Technology and University of Washington. Researchers studied how mobile-based food journals integrate into everyday life and specific challenges when using food journaling technology. Their research suggests how future designs might make it easier and more effective.
National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health

Contact: Tara La Bouff
tlabouff@cc.gatech.edu
602-770-0264
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Apr-2015
Cortex
Scientists use brain stimulation to boost creativity, set stage to treat depression
A UNC School of Medicine study has provided the first direct evidence that a low dose of electric current can enhance a specific brain pattern to boost creativity by an average of 7.4 percent in healthy adults, according to a common, well-validated test of creativity. Next up: using the same method to treat people with depression in a clinical trial.
National Institutes of Health, UNC School of Medicine/Department of Psychiatry, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Mark Derewicz
mark.derewicz@unchealth.unc.edu
919-923-0959
University of North Carolina Health Care

Public Release: 16-Apr-2015
Cell
Breath taking
A handful of neurons in the vagus nerve control breathing in a fine-tuned but powerful way, scientists have discovered in mice. Among these sensory neurons, two types are dedicated to two specific respiratory functions.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 16-Apr-2015
Cell Reports
Study reveals possible new avenues for breast cancer therapy
An exhaustive analysis has been conducted of more than 12,000 distinct proteins present in an often aggressive and difficult to treat form of breast cancer, called triple-negative breast cancer. The results may help explain why these cancers often fail to respond to current drug treatments and may provide researchers with new targets for drug therapy. The types of proteins found in various subtypes of this aggressive cancer may suggest why they behave differently and respond to treatment differently.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Science Foundation, South Sound CARE Foundation, Washington Research Foundation, Gary E. Milgard Family Foundation

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Study will parse evolutionary shift between life in water and on land
University of Kansas researcher Andrew Short will analyze South American water scavenger beetles' transition between aquatic and terrestrial living -- and in the process learn more about the mechanics of evolution itself.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M Lynch
brendan@ku.edu
785-864-8855
University of Kansas

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Angewandte Chemie
MIT sensor detects spoiled meat
MIT chemists have devised an inexpensive, portable sensor that can detect gases emitted by rotting meat, allowing consumers to determine whether the meat in their grocery store or refrigerator is safe to eat.
National Science Foundation and the Army Research Office through MIT's Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Shape-shifting molecule tricks viruses into mutating themselves to death
A newly developed spectroscopy method is helping to clarify the poorly understood molecular process by which an anti-HIV drug induces lethal mutations in the virus's genetic material. The findings from the University of Chicago and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology could bolster efforts to develop the next generation of anti-viral treatments.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Steve Koppes
skoppes@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
Scientific Reports
Scientists develop mesh that captures oil -- but lets water through
A stainless steel mesh with a high-tech coating captures oil, but water passes right through. With further development, the researchers say, 'you could potentially catch an oil spill with a net.'
American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund, National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2015
PLOS ONE
New method increases accuracy of ovarian cancer prognosis and diagnosis
University of Utah scientists have uncovered patterns of DNA anomalies that predict a woman's outcome significantly better than tumor stage. In addition, these patterns are the first known indicator of how well a woman will respond to platinum therapy. Published in the journal PLOS ONE, the patterns were discovered by using a new mathematical technique in the analysis of DNA profiles from the Cancer Genome Atlas, a national database containing data from hundreds of ovarian cancer patients.
Utah Science, Technology, and Research Initiative, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Kiefer
jkiefer@neuro.utah.edu
801-597-4258
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Typhoon Haiyan's storm surge may contaminate aquifer for years
In 2013, Typhoon Haiyan devastated the Philippines, killing more than 6,000 people and destroying nearly $3 billion worth of property. While the country is still recovering from the storm, researchers with The University of Texas at Austin have found that an aquifer on the island of Samar inundated with salt water by the storm surge could remain undrinkable for up to 10 years. But a second aquifer on the island that was also inundated has recovered much more quickly.
Jackson School of Geosciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Monica Kortsha
mkortsha@jsg.utexas.edu
512-471-2241
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Journal of Communication
Interactivity tools can boost persuasiveness of websites
Messages conveyed on websites may be more persuasive if these websites are interactive, according to researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Cancer Cell
Recruiting the entire immune system to attack cancer
MIT studies finds that stimulating both major branches of the immune system halts tumor growth more effectively.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute for General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Apr-2015
Virginia Tech assistant professor addresses philosophical questions of machines, research
How might machines carry out scientific research on their own? A Virginia Tech assistant professor of philosophy has a solution, and the National Science Foundation is funding the research through a CAREER award.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jean Elliott
elliottj@vt.edu
540-231-5915
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Journal of Comparative Psychology
Chimpanzees show ability to plan route in computer mazes, research finds
Chimpanzees are capable of some degree of planning for the future, in a manner similar to human children, while some species of monkeys struggle with this task, according to researchers at Georgia State University, Wofford College and Agnes Scott College.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: LaTina Emerson
lemerson1@gsu.edu
404-413-1353
Georgia State University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Polymer coating could let medical sensors communicate with body
Research at The University of Akron to develop a polymer coating for medical sensors implanted in the body has attracted a $499,995 grant from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Roger Mezger
rmezger@uakron.edu
330-972-6482
University of Akron

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Coexisting in a sea of competition
Diversity of life abounds on Earth, and there's no need to look any farther than the ocean's surface for proof. There are over 200,000 species of phytoplankton alone, and all of those species of microscopic marine plants that form the base of the marine food web need the same basic resources to grow -- light and nutrients.
US Department of Defense, National Science Foundation, DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Contact: WHOI Media Relations Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
IU to lead first-ever investigation into subtle cues' influence on women's success in STEM
The National Science Foundation has awarded Indiana University's Mary C. Murphy more than $2.2 million work to investigate the subtle, environmental signals that may discourage some women from entering or remaining in careers in science, technology, engineering and math.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
317-278-0088
Indiana University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Lab on a Chip
New technology provides superior ability to rapidly detect volatile organic compounds
The quick analysis of volatile organic compounds is required for applications in environmental monitoring, homeland security, biomedical diagnostics, and food processing. Virginia Tech electrical engineering faculty member Professor Masoud Agah has developed new technology that will improve the speed and accuracy of detecting dangerous compounds.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lynn Nystrom
tansy@vt.edu
540-231-4371
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 13-Apr-2015
Canadian Medical Association Journal
New strategy can help determine heart attack in patients within 1 hour
A new strategy to rule-out and rule-in heart attacks in emergency departments will help physicians treat patients faster, found a clinical trial published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Heart Foundation, Cardiovascular Research Foundation Basel, Abbott, Beckman Coulter, BRAHMS, Roche, Siemens, Universitätsspital Basel

Contact: Kim Barnhardt
kim.barnhardt@cmaj.ca
613-520-7116 x2224
Canadian Medical Association Journal

Public Release: 10-Apr-2015
The Astrophysical Journal
Accelerating universe? Not so fast
A UA-led team of astronomers found that the type of supernovae commonly used to measure distances in the universe fall into distinct populations not recognized before. The findings have implications for our understanding of how fast the universe has been expanding since the Big Bang.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4402
University of Arizona

Showing releases 626-650 out of 845.

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