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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 626-650 out of 806.

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Public Release: 17-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
'Smart bandage' detects bed sores before they are visible to doctors
UC Berkeley researchers have created a new 'smart bandage' that uses electrical currents to detect early tissue damage from pressure ulcers, or bedsores, before they can be seen by human eyes -- and while recovery is still possible.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
Supercomputers help solve puzzle-like bond for biofuels
Dr. Klaus Schulten and team discover one of life's strongest bonds with the help of supercomputers. The research discovery could boost efforts to develop catalysts for biofuel production from non-food waste plants. The bond holds together the proteins Dockerin and Cohesin in a way similar to the Chinese Finger Trap puzzle, tightening under stress.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Faith Singer
faith@tacc.utexas.edu
512-232-5771
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
eLife
New Notre Dame paper examines social effects on the gut microbiome of wild baboons
A new study led by Elizabeth Archie, Clare Boothe Luce Assistant Professor of Biology at the University of Notre Dame, has found that social interactions have direct effects on the gut microbiome.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Elizabeth Archie
earchie@nd.edu
574-631-0178
University of Notre Dame

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
Scientific Reports
Second natural quasicrystal found in ancient meteorite
A team from Princeton University and the University of Florence in Italy has discovered a quasicrystal -- so named because of its unorthodox arrangement of atoms -- in a 4.5-billion-year-old meteorite from a remote region of northeastern Russia, bringing to two the number of natural quasicrystals ever discovered.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
eLife
Baboon friends swap gut germs
The warm soft folds of the intestines are teeming with thousands of species of bacteria that help break down food, synthesize vitamins, regulate weight and resist infection. If they're so key to health, what factors shape an individual's gut microbial makeup? Previous studies have pointed to the food we eat, the drugs we take, genetics, even house dust. Now, a new study in baboons suggests that relationships may play a role, too.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
Cell
Scientists find DNA is packaged like a yoyo
A research team led by University of Illinois professor of physics Taekjip Ha has found that DNA uncoils from the nucleosome asymmetrically (uncoiling from one end much more easily) in a recent publication in Cell.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
nvasi@illinois.edu
Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
Journal of Cell Biology
Scripps Florida scientists confirm key targets of new anti-cancer drug candidates
In a new study, scientists from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute have confirmed the ribosome assembly process as a potentially fertile new target for anti-cancer drugs by detailing the essential function of a key component in the assembly process.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, ThinkPink Kids Foundation, PGA National Women's Cancer Awareness Days, Swiss National Foundation

Contact: Eric Sauter
esauter@scripps.edu
267-337-3859
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
Journal of Materials Chemistry A
A new method for making perovskite solar cells
Researchers have come up with a new way of making thin perovskite films for solar cells. The method forms perovskite crystals at room temperature, which could be helpful in mass production settings. The technique is especially well suited to make ultra-thin, semitransparent films, which could be used in photovoltaic windows.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
Maps predict strength of structures
Inspired by seashells, Rice researchers create a design map that predicts the strength, stiffness and toughness of composite materials.
Rice University/Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
Nature Geoscience
East Antarctica melting could be explained by oceanic gateways
Researchers from the University of Texas at Austin have discovered two seafloor gateways that could allow warm ocean water to reach the base of Totten Glacier, East Antarctica's largest and most rapidly thinning glacier. The discovery probably explains the glacier's extreme thinning and raises concerns about how it will affect sea level rise. Their research was published in the March 16 edition of the journal Nature Geoscience.
Natural Environment Research Council, National Science Foundation, Australian Antarctic Division, NASA, G. Unger Vetlesen Foundation, University of Texas at Austin's Jackson School of Geosciences

Contact: Monica Kortsha
mkortsha@jsg.utexas.edu
512-471-2241
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
Journal of Geophysical Research
Finding fault: New information may help understand earthquakes
New modeling and analyses of fault geometry in the Earth's crust by geoscientist Michele Cooke and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst are advancing knowledge about fault development in regions where one geologic plate slides past or over another, such as along California's San Andreas Fault and the Denali Fault in central Alaska.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Larry Rivais
lrivais@umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
Nature Climate Change
Study: Past warming increased snowfall on Antarctica, affecting global sea level
A new study confirms that snowfall in Antarctica will increase significantly as the planet warms, offsetting future sea level rise from other sources -- but the effect will not be nearly as strong as many scientists previously anticipated because of other, physical processes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Clark
clarkp@geo.oregonstate.edu
541-737-1247
Oregon State University

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
Nature Geoscience
Warm ocean water is making Antarctic glacier vulnerable to significant melting
Researchers have discovered a valley underneath East Antarctica's most rapidly-changing glacier that delivers warm water to the base of the ice, causing significant melting.
Natural Environment Research Council, National Science Foundation, Australian Antarctic Division, NASA's Operation IceBridge, G. Unger Vetlesen Foundation

Contact: Hayley Dunning
h.dunning@imperial.ac.uk
020-759-42412
Imperial College London

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
Nature Physics
Uncovering the secrets of super solar power perovskites
In a scant five years of development, hybrid perovskite solar cells have attained power conversion efficiencies that took decades to achieve with the top-performing conventional materials, but scientists have lacked a clear understanding of the precise goings on at the molecular level. New findings by University of Utah physicists help fill that void.
National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Joe Rojas-Burke
joe.rojas@utah.edu
801-585-6861
University of Utah

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
Current Biology
Cyborg beetle research allows free-flight study of insects
Cyborg insect research led by engineers at UC Berkeley and Singapore's Nanyang Technological University is enabling new revelations about a muscle used by beetles for finely graded turns. The remote-controlled beetles equipped with radio backpacks are showcasing the potential of miniature electronics in biological research.
Agency for Science, Technology and Research in Singapore, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Persuasive power: Members of Congress can sway the public
Members of the US Congress really do have the power to persuade their constituents in several different ways, according to a first-of-its kind national study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Neblo
Neblo.1@osu.edu
Ohio State University

Public Release: 16-Mar-2015
Nature
Consistency is the key to success in bread baking and biology
Whether you're baking bread or building an organism, the key to success is consistently adding ingredients in the correct order and in the right amounts, according to a new genetic study by University of Michigan researchers.
March of Dimes, Alfred P. Sloan Research Foundation, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, University of Michigan

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
734-647-1842
University of Michigan

Public Release: 14-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New research finds oceanic microbes behave in a synchrony across ocean basins
Researchers from the University of Hawai'i - Manoa and colleagues found that microbial communities in different regions of the Pacific Ocean displayed strikingly similar daily rhythms in their metabolism despite inhabiting extremely different habitats -- the nutrient-rich waters off California and the nutrient-poor waters north of Hawai'i. Furthermore, in each location, the dominant photoautotrophs appear to initiate a cascade effect wherein the other major groups of microbes perform their metabolic activities in a coordinated and predictable way.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, National Science Foundation, Simons Foundation, NASA, David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: Marcie Grabowski
mworkman@hawaii.edu
808-956-3151
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 13-Mar-2015
Science
Penn and ExxonMobil address long-standing mysteries behind anti-wear motor oil additive
Motor oil contains chemical additives that extend how long engines can run without failure, but, despite decades of ubiquity, how such additives actually work to prevent this damage have remained a mystery. Now, engineers from the University of Pennsylvania and ExxonMobil have teamed up to answer this question.
National Science Foundation, Marie Curie International Outgoing Fellowship for Career Development, ExxonMobil/Corporate Strategic Research Laboratory

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 12-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Building a genomic GPS
A new 'app' for finding and mapping chromosomal loci using multicolored versions of CRISPR/Cas9, one of the hottest tools in biomedical research today, has been developed by scientists at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Fessenden
james.fessenden@umassmed.edu
508-856-2000
University of Massachusetts Medical School

Public Release: 12-Mar-2015
Limnology & Oceanography
Naturally acidic waters of Puget Sound surround UW's Friday Harbor Labs
Two years of measurements in Puget Sound show that these waters naturally tend to be more acidic, with 13 to 22 percent of the unusual acidity due to human-driven climate change.
Education Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 12-Mar-2015
NIH awards UC biologist $1.9 million for genetic research
An additional award of over $500,000 from the National Science Foundation will explore why animals lose traits over time, and how that might apply to loss of skin pigmentation in humans.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Dawn Fuller
dawn.fuller@uc.edu
513-556-1823
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 12-Mar-2015
Computer scientist and social choice expert Lirong Xia receives NSF CAREER Award
Xia will use the five-year $524,989 grant to investigate computational mechanisms that improve individual contributions to collective decision making processes -- such as news rankings -- including crowd-sourcing in the presence of online 'noise answers.'
National Science Foundation, Division of Information & Intelligent Systems

Contact: Mary Martialay
martim12@rpi.edu
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 12-Mar-2015
Biology Letters
Social status has impact on overall health of mammals
High social status has its privileges -- when it comes to aging -- even in wild animals. In a first-of-its-kind study involving a wild species, Michigan State University researchers have shown that social and ecological factors affect animal health. The results, published in the current issue of Biology Letters, focused on spotted hyenas in Kenya.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 12-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
A 'warhead' molecule to hunt down deadly bacteria
Boston College chemist Jianmin Gao and researchers in his lab report they achieved selective modification of two common lipids, producing a new bio-chemical method to label deadly bacteria and potentially target them with antibiotics with reduced harm to healthy cells, according to a new report in Nature Communications.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Studies, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ed Hayward
ed.hayward@bc.edu
617-552-4826
Boston College

Showing releases 626-650 out of 806.

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