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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 626-650 out of 743.

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Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
New statistical tools being developed for mining cancer data
Researchers at Rice University, Baylor College of Medicine and the University of Texas at Austin are working together to create new statistical tools that can find clues about cancer that are hidden like needles in enormous haystacks of raw data.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
New approach advances wireless power transfer for electric vehicles
Engineering researchers have developed new technology and techniques for transmitting power wirelessly from a stationary source to a mobile receiver -- moving engineers closer to their goal of creating highway "stations" that can recharge electric vehicles wirelessly as the vehicles drive by.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Journal of Climate
Amazon rainforest more able to withstand drought than previously thought
New research suggests that the Amazon rainforest may be more able to cope with dry conditions than previously predicted. Researchers at the University of Exeter and Colorado State University used a computer model to demonstrate that, providing forest conservation measures are in place, the Amazon rainforest may be more able to withstand periods of drought than has been estimated by other climate models.
National Science Foundation, Natural Environment Research Council

Contact: Jo Bowler
j.bowler@exeter.ac.uk
44-013-927-22062
University of Exeter

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Physical Review Letters
Accidental discovery dramatically improves electrical conductivity
Quite by accident, Washington State University researchers have achieved a 400-fold increase in the electrical conductivity of a crystal simply by exposing it to light. The effect, which lasted for days after the light was turned off, could dramatically improve the performance of devices like computer chips.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew McCluskey
mattmcc@wsu.edu
509-335-5356
Washington State University

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Cell Reports
Anthrax bacteria play hide and seek
An anthrax infection can be fatal even when the infectious agent is no longer detected. Research carried out at EPFL reveals the way its lethal factor manages to turn invisible to the immune system.
Swiss National Science Foundation, National Centre of Competence in Research

Contact: Emmanuel Barraud
emmanuel.barraud@epfl.ch
41-796-283-642
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 14-Nov-2013
Science
Stanford scientists create a low-cost, long-lasting water splitter made of silicon and nickel
Stanford University scientists have created a silicon-based water splitter that is both low-cost and corrosion-free. The novel device -- a silicon semiconductor coated in an ultrathin layer of nickel -- could help pave the way for large-scale production of clean hydrogen fuel from sunlight.
Precourt Institute for Energy, Global Climate and Energy Project, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mark Shwartz
mshwartz@stanford.edu
650-723-9296
Stanford University

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
Psychological Science
Study: Your brain sees things you don't
A study by University of Arizona doctoral student Jay Sanguinetti indicates that our brains perceive objects in everyday life of which we may never be aware. The finding challenges currently accepted models about how the brain processes visual information.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-626-4402
University of Arizona

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
UT Arlington professor will use NSF funds to reveal reactions' inner workings
The National Science Foundation has awarded $450,000 to a UT Arlington chemistry professor studying the way that metals such as gold, silver, mercury and zinc bind with organic compounds for chemical reactions. Dias' work will explore the interaction between six metals found in the right section of the Periodic Table of Elements' d-block and what are called pi-acid ligands, which include familiar organic compounds like carbon monoxide, ethylene, acetylene and the related olefins and alkynes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Traci Peterson
tpeterso@uta.edu
817-272-9208
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Fossil of new big cat species discovered; oldest ever found
Scientists have discovered the oldest big cat fossil ever found -- which fills in a significant gap in the fossil record.
National Basic Research Program of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
Nature Communications
Better batteries through biology?
MIT researchers find a way to boost lithium-air battery performance, with the help of modified viruses.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
mBio
Compound stymies polyomaviruses in lab tests
There is no approved medicine to treat polyomaviruses, which afflict those with weakened immune systems, but scientists have found that a chemical compound called Retro-2 is able to significantly reduce the infectivity and spread of the viruses in lab cell cultures. Now they are working to improve it further.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Johnson & Johnson

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
Grant supports Clemson study of coastal biodiversity
A grant from the National Science Foundation will support a Clemson University scientist's study of the impact of environmental changes on lucinids, a common species of clam found in Southern coastal marine sediments.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Barbara Campbell
bcampb7@clemson.edu
864-656-0559
Clemson University

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
PLOS ONE
IU cognitive scientists ID new mechanism at heart of early childhood learning and social behavior
An Indiana University study provides compelling evidence for a new and possibly dominant way for social partners to coordinate joint attention, key for parent-child communication and early language learning. The findings open up new questions about language learning and the teaching of language. They could also have major implications for the treatment of children with early social-communication impairment, such as autism, where joint caregiver-child attention with respect to objects and events is a key issue.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Liz Rosdeitcher
rosdeitc@indiana.edu
812-855-4507
Indiana University

Public Release: 13-Nov-2013
PLOS ONE
Queen bee's honesty is the best policy for reproduction signals
Queen bees convey honest signals to worker bees about their reproductive status and quality, according to an international team of researchers, who say their findings may help to explain why honey bee populations are declining.
US Department of Agriculture, US/Israel Binational Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 12-Nov-2013
Nature Nanotechnology
Taking a new look at carbon nanotubes
Two of the biggest challenges in carbon nanotube research have been met with the development by Berkeley Lab researchers of a technique that can be used to identify the structure of an individual carbon nanotube and characterize its electronic and optical properties in a functional device.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lynn Yarris
lcyarris@lbl.gov
510-486-5375
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 12-Nov-2013
Duke wins $15 million renewal to study nanotech safety
A pioneering, multi-institution research center headquartered at Duke's Pratt School of Engineering has just won a $15-million grant renewal from the National Science Foundation and the US Environmental Protection Agency to continue learning more about where nanoparticles accumulate, how they interact with other chemicals and how they affect the environment.
National Science Foundation, Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Minnie Glymph
minnie.glymph@duke.edu
919-660-8403
Duke University

Public Release: 12-Nov-2013
Nature
Penn and Drexel team demonstrates new paradigm for solar cell construction
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania and Drexel University have experimentally demonstrated a new paradigm for solar cell construction which may ultimately make them less expensive, easier to manufacture and more efficient at harvesting energy from the sun.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, and others

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 12-Nov-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers at Penn add another tool in their directed assembly toolkit
An interdisciplinary team of University of Pennsylvania researchers has already developed a technique for controlling liquid crystals by means of physical templates and elastic energy, rather than the electromagnetic fields that manipulate them in televisions and computer monitors. They envision using this technique to direct the assembly of other materials, such as nanoparticles. Now, the Penn team has added another tool to this directed assembly toolkit.
National Science Foundation, Mark Howard Shapiro and Anita Rae Shapiro Charitable Fund, Kavli Institute, Simons Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 12-Nov-2013
Animal, human health benefits anticipated from university's premier biomedical instrument
Kansas State University will have the nation's first biomedical instrument that can heat specific cells in the body while simultaneously producing real-time, high-resolution images of the heat's effects on tumors and inflamed cells.
National Science Foundation's Major Research Institute

Contact: Stefan Bossmann
sbossman@k-state.edu
785-532-6817
Kansas State University

Public Release: 11-Nov-2013
Molecular Biology and Evolution
Penn team elucidates evolution of bitter taste sensitivity
People often have strong negative reactions to bitter substances, which, though found in healthful foods like vegetables, can also signify toxicity. For this reason, the ability to sense bitterness likely played an important role in human evolution. A new study by University of Pennsylvania scientists suggests that a genetic mutation that makes certain people sensitive to the taste of a bitter compound appears to have been advantageous for certain human populations in Africa.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 11-Nov-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Feast and famine on the abyssal plain
Marine biologists have long been puzzled by the fact that marine snow does not supply enough food to support all the animals and microbes living in deep-sea sediments. A new paper by MBARI researcher Ken Smith and his colleagues shows that blooms of algae or animals near the sea surface can deliver as much food to deep-sea organisms as would normally arrive over years or even decades.
National Science Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: Kim Fulton-Bennett
kfb@mbari.org
831-775-1835
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute

Public Release: 11-Nov-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Bacteria may allow animals to send quick, voluminous messages
Twitter clips human thoughts to a mere 140 characters. Animals' scent posts may be equally as short, relatively speaking, yet they convey an encyclopedia of information about the animals that left them. In the current issue of the Proceedings of the National Academies of Science, a Michigan State University researcher shows that the detailed scent posts of hyenas are, in part, products of symbiotic bacteria, microbes that have a mutually beneficial relationship with their hosts.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
Layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 11-Nov-2013
Environmental Microbiology
Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals
A pair of microbes on the ocean floor "eats" methane in a unique way, and a new study provides insights into their surprising nutritional requirements. Learning how these methane-munching organisms make a living in these extreme environments could provide clues about how the deep-sea environment might change in a warming world.
Department of Energy, NASA Astrobiology Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Brett Israel
brett.israel@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-1933
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Nov-2013
European Physical Journal E
Levitating foam liquid under the spell of magnetic fields
Foams fascinate, partly due to their short lifespan. Foams change as fluid drains out of their structure over time. It is precisely their ephemeral nature which has, until now, prevented scientists from experimentally probing their characteristic dynamics further. Instead, foams have often been studied theoretically. Now, researchers have devised a method of keeping foams in shape using a magnet, which allows their dynamics to be investigated experimentally, as recently described in EPJ E.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Landesstiftung Baden-Wuerttemberg, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Franziska Hornig
franziska.hornig@springer.com
49-622-148-78414
Springer

Public Release: 10-Nov-2013
Nature Biotechnology
Single-cell genome sequencing gets better
Researchers led by bioengineers at the University of California, San Diego have generated the most complete genome sequences from single E. coli cells and individual neurons from the human brain. Preliminary data suggest that individual neurons from the same brain have different genetic compositions. The breakthrough, published in Nature Biotechnology, comes from a new single-cell genome sequencing technique that confines genome amplification to fluid-filled wells with a volume of just 12 nanoliters.
National Institutes of Health, US National Science Foundation

Contact: Daniel Kane
dbkane@ucsd.edu
858-534-3262
University of California - San Diego

Showing releases 626-650 out of 743.

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