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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 651-675 out of 749.

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Public Release: 12-Nov-2013
Duke wins $15 million renewal to study nanotech safety
A pioneering, multi-institution research center headquartered at Duke's Pratt School of Engineering has just won a $15-million grant renewal from the National Science Foundation and the US Environmental Protection Agency to continue learning more about where nanoparticles accumulate, how they interact with other chemicals and how they affect the environment.
National Science Foundation, Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Minnie Glymph
minnie.glymph@duke.edu
919-660-8403
Duke University

Public Release: 12-Nov-2013
Nature
Penn and Drexel team demonstrates new paradigm for solar cell construction
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania and Drexel University have experimentally demonstrated a new paradigm for solar cell construction which may ultimately make them less expensive, easier to manufacture and more efficient at harvesting energy from the sun.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, and others

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 12-Nov-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers at Penn add another tool in their directed assembly toolkit
An interdisciplinary team of University of Pennsylvania researchers has already developed a technique for controlling liquid crystals by means of physical templates and elastic energy, rather than the electromagnetic fields that manipulate them in televisions and computer monitors. They envision using this technique to direct the assembly of other materials, such as nanoparticles. Now, the Penn team has added another tool to this directed assembly toolkit.
National Science Foundation, Mark Howard Shapiro and Anita Rae Shapiro Charitable Fund, Kavli Institute, Simons Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 12-Nov-2013
Animal, human health benefits anticipated from university's premier biomedical instrument
Kansas State University will have the nation's first biomedical instrument that can heat specific cells in the body while simultaneously producing real-time, high-resolution images of the heat's effects on tumors and inflamed cells.
National Science Foundation's Major Research Institute

Contact: Stefan Bossmann
sbossman@k-state.edu
785-532-6817
Kansas State University

Public Release: 11-Nov-2013
Molecular Biology and Evolution
Penn team elucidates evolution of bitter taste sensitivity
People often have strong negative reactions to bitter substances, which, though found in healthful foods like vegetables, can also signify toxicity. For this reason, the ability to sense bitterness likely played an important role in human evolution. A new study by University of Pennsylvania scientists suggests that a genetic mutation that makes certain people sensitive to the taste of a bitter compound appears to have been advantageous for certain human populations in Africa.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 11-Nov-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Feast and famine on the abyssal plain
Marine biologists have long been puzzled by the fact that marine snow does not supply enough food to support all the animals and microbes living in deep-sea sediments. A new paper by MBARI researcher Ken Smith and his colleagues shows that blooms of algae or animals near the sea surface can deliver as much food to deep-sea organisms as would normally arrive over years or even decades.
National Science Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: Kim Fulton-Bennett
kfb@mbari.org
831-775-1835
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute

Public Release: 11-Nov-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Bacteria may allow animals to send quick, voluminous messages
Twitter clips human thoughts to a mere 140 characters. Animals' scent posts may be equally as short, relatively speaking, yet they convey an encyclopedia of information about the animals that left them. In the current issue of the Proceedings of the National Academies of Science, a Michigan State University researcher shows that the detailed scent posts of hyenas are, in part, products of symbiotic bacteria, microbes that have a mutually beneficial relationship with their hosts.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
Layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 11-Nov-2013
Environmental Microbiology
Methane-munching microorganisms meddle with metals
A pair of microbes on the ocean floor "eats" methane in a unique way, and a new study provides insights into their surprising nutritional requirements. Learning how these methane-munching organisms make a living in these extreme environments could provide clues about how the deep-sea environment might change in a warming world.
Department of Energy, NASA Astrobiology Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Brett Israel
brett.israel@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-1933
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Nov-2013
European Physical Journal E
Levitating foam liquid under the spell of magnetic fields
Foams fascinate, partly due to their short lifespan. Foams change as fluid drains out of their structure over time. It is precisely their ephemeral nature which has, until now, prevented scientists from experimentally probing their characteristic dynamics further. Instead, foams have often been studied theoretically. Now, researchers have devised a method of keeping foams in shape using a magnet, which allows their dynamics to be investigated experimentally, as recently described in EPJ E.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Landesstiftung Baden-Wuerttemberg, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Franziska Hornig
franziska.hornig@springer.com
49-622-148-78414
Springer

Public Release: 10-Nov-2013
Nature Biotechnology
Single-cell genome sequencing gets better
Researchers led by bioengineers at the University of California, San Diego have generated the most complete genome sequences from single E. coli cells and individual neurons from the human brain. Preliminary data suggest that individual neurons from the same brain have different genetic compositions. The breakthrough, published in Nature Biotechnology, comes from a new single-cell genome sequencing technique that confines genome amplification to fluid-filled wells with a volume of just 12 nanoliters.
National Institutes of Health, US National Science Foundation

Contact: Daniel Kane
dbkane@ucsd.edu
858-534-3262
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 8-Nov-2013
NSF awards to UT Arlington researchers will fuel sustainable solutions
Two University of Texas at Arlington professors have received SusChEM grants from the NSF. One will study a new method for converting carbon dioxide to methanol. Another will study the use of sulfurized hematite to build more efficient solar cell technologies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Traci Peterson
tpeterso@uta.edu
817-521-5494
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 7-Nov-2013
Science
'Tiger stripes' underneath Antarctic glaciers slow the flow
Researchers at Princeton University and the British Antarctic Survey have discovered that most resistance to the movement of glaciers over the underlying bedrock comes from narrow, high-friction stripes that lie within large, extremely slippery areas underneath the glacier. These stripes are thought to govern the speed at which Antarctic glaciers are moving.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Morgan Kelly
mgnkelly@princeton.edu
609-258-5729
Princeton University

Public Release: 7-Nov-2013
Nature Biotechnology
Cost-effective method accurately orders DNA sequencing along entire chromosomes
A new computational method has been shown to quickly assign, order and orient DNA sequencing information along entire chromosomes. The method may help overcome a major obstacle that has delayed progress in designing rapid, low-cost -- but still accurate -- ways to assemble genomes from scratch. Data gleaned through this new method can also validate certain types of chromosomal abnormalities in cancer.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington

Public Release: 7-Nov-2013
UNH, UC Davis launch network to study environmental microbes
A grant to the University of New Hampshire and the University of California, Davis, will help biologists identify an abundant yet largely unknown category of organisms, leading to better understanding of the vital environmental functions they play. The National Science Foundation awarded the universities $500,000 to develop a Research Coordination Network on eukaryotic biodiversity. The work will apply new genome sequencing technology to study and classify microscopic eukaryote species like nematodes, fungi, and single-celled animals.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Potier
beth.potier@unh.edu
603-862-1566
University of New Hampshire

Public Release: 7-Nov-2013
ACM Workshop on Artificial Intelligence and Security
Carnegie Mellon researchers use inkblots to improve security of online passwords
Carnegie Mellon University computer scientists have developed a new password system that incorporates inkblots to provide an extra measure of protection when, as so often occurs, lists of passwords get stolen from websites. This new type of password, dubbed a GOTCHA (Generating panOptic Turing Tests to Tell Computers and Humans Apart), would be suitable for protecting high-value accounts, such as bank accounts, medical records and other sensitive information.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 7-Nov-2013
NSF awards Chicago Botanic Garden $1.54 million Dimensions in Biodiversity grant
Chicago Botanic Garden researchers have received a $1.54 million NSF Dimensions in Biodiversity grant to study the role floral scent, pollinators and flower predators play in driving plant evolution. The grant program is a "race against time" to grasp the scope and role of life on earth, according to the NSF. The research will focus on evening primroses in the western United States; their pollinators, hawkmoths; and their predators, Mompha moths.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Adriana Reyneri
areyneri@chicagobotanic.org
847-835-6829
Chicago Botanic Garden

Public Release: 6-Nov-2013
ASU teams up with 7 research universities in new NSF center
Arizona State University is teaming up with seven other research universities to establish a new Science and Technology Center, sponsored by the National Science Foundation with an initial five-year, $25-million grant (extendable for another five years). The center will be based at the University at Buffalo. It is expected to transform the field of structural and dynamic molecular biology, including drug development, by using X-ray lasers to peer into biological molecules.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Skip Derra
skip.derra@asu.edu
480-965-4823
Arizona State University

Public Release: 6-Nov-2013
Physical Review Letters
From 1 collapsing star, 2 black holes form and fuse
Over billions of years, small black holes can slowly grow into supermassive black holes by taking on mass from their surroundings, and also by merging with other black holes. But this slow process can't explain how supermassive black holes existing in the early universe would have formed less than one billion years after the Big Bang. New findings from a group of Caltech researchers help to test a model that solves this problem.
National Science Foundation, NASA, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Sherman Fairchild Foundation

Contact: Brian Bell
bpbell@caltech.edu
626-395-5832
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 6-Nov-2013
Family Relations
In dual-career couples, mothers still do the most child care
Even in couples most likely to believe in sharing parenting responsibilities, mothers still bear significantly more of the child care load, a new study reveals.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan
Schoppe-sullivan.1@osu.edu
614-688-3437
Ohio State University

Public Release: 6-Nov-2013
Network to study environmental microbes
They're tiny, everywhere and vital to the environment, but biologists have largely overlooked the worms, fungi and single-celled animals found in every environment on Earth. A new research coordination network based at UC Davis and the University of New Hampshire aims to correct that, applying new genome sequencing technology to study these organisms.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 6-Nov-2013
UTSA engineer awarded $400,000 from National Science Foundation for wind energy research
UTSA researcher and mechanical engineer Kiran Bhaganagar has been awarded three National Science Foundation grants to pursue critical wind energy research on land-based and offshore wind turbines to determine their optimal mechanical and aerodynamic conditions. The research is expected to enhance the fundamental science of wind engineering and the future of wind farm installations to help reduce the cost of producing wind energy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: KC Gonzalez
kc.gonzalez@utsa.edu
210-458-7555
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 6-Nov-2013
PLOS ONE
Newly discovered predatory dinosaur 'king of gore' reveals the origins of T. rex
A remarkable new species of tyrannosaur has been unearthed in Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, southern Utah. The huge carnivore inhabited Laramidia, a landmass formed on the western coast of a shallow sea that flooded the central region of North America between 95-70 million years ago. The newly discovered dinosaur, belonging to the same evolutionary branch as the famous Tyrannosaurus rex.
National Science Foundation, Bureau of Land Managment -- Utah

Contact: Patti Carpenter
pcarpenter@nhmu.utah.edu
801-707-6138
University of Utah

Public Release: 5-Nov-2013
ASME 2013 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems
'Smart foam' takes aim at concussions by measuring helmet impact
Combining nanotechnology with foam, BYU student Jake Merrell has created a smart-foam that can be placed inside a football helmet to measure the impact of each hit. When compressed, the self-powered foam generates electrical signals that are transmitted wirelessly to a tablet or computer in the hands of a coach or trainer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd Hollingshead
toddh@byu.edu
801-422-8373
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 5-Nov-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Staying alive in the high and dry
New research published this week from MBL senior scientist Zoe Cardon, John Stark (Utah State University), and their two former students, sheds light on how desert plants gain nutrients they desperately need -- even in the driest circumstances.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Gina Hebert
ghebert@mbl.edu
508-289-7725
Marine Biological Laboratory

Public Release: 5-Nov-2013
Scientific Reports
Clay may have been birthplace of life, new study suggests
Clay -- a seemingly infertile blend of minerals -- might have been the birthplace of life on Earth. Or at least of the complex biochemicals that make life possible, Cornell University biological engineers report in the Nov. 7 online issue of the journal Scientific Reports, published by Nature Publishing.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
vpk6@cornell.edu
607-255-7701
Cornell University

Showing releases 651-675 out of 749.

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