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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 651-675 out of 917.

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Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Astrophysical Journal Letters
LIGO's twin black holes might have been born inside a single star
On September 14, 2015, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) detected gravitational waves from the merger of two black holes 29 and 36 times the mass of the Sun. Such an event is expected to be dark, but the Fermi Space Telescope detected a gamma-ray burst just a fraction of a second after LIGO's signal. New research suggests that the two black holes might have resided inside a single, massive star whose death generated the gamma-ray burst.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Christine Pulliam
cpulliam@cfa.harvard.edu
617-495-7463
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Tracking worm sex drive, neuron by neuron
Research conducted at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) and California Institute of Technology (Caltech) has found that where and when a male worm will pursue a mate is determined by four male-specific sensory neurons that communicate with synaptic feedback loops to form a decision-making network. The team reports their findings in a paper published on Feb. 22, 2016, in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Cohen
mcohen@wpi.edu
508-868-4778
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society
Dodos might have been quite intelligent, new research finds
New research suggests that the dodo, an extinct bird whose name has entered popular culture as a symbol of stupidity, was actually fairly smart. The work finds that the overall size of the dodo's brain in relation to its body was on par with its closest living relatives: pigeons -- birds whose ability to be trained implies a moderate level of intelligence. The researchers also discovered that the dodo likely had an enhanced sense of smell.
American Museum of Natural History, Macaulay Family Endowment, National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement, Marie Curie Intra European Fellowship, Carlsbergfondet

Contact: Kendra Snyder
ksnyder@amnh.org
212-496-3419
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
13th USENIX Symposium on Networked Systems Design and Implementation
UW engineers achieve Wi-Fi at 10,000 times lower power
University of Washington computer scientists and electrical engineers have generated Wi-Fi transmissions using 10,000 times less power than conventional methods. With 'Passive Wi-Fi,' signals can be transmitted at rates up to 11 megabits per second -- rates that are lower than maximum Wi-Fi speeds but are 11 times faster than Bluetooth -- and decoded on any of the billions of devices with Wi-Fi connectivity.
National Science Foundation, University of Washington, Qualcomm

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Environmental Pollution
Urban soils release surprising amounts of carbon dioxide
In the concrete jungle at the core of a city, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are dominated by the fossil fuels burned by the dense concentrations of cars and buildings. Boston University researchers now have shown, however, that in metropolitan areas surrounding the city core, plant roots and decomposing organic material in soil give off enough CO2 , in a process termed 'soil respiration', to make an unexpectedly great contribution to total emissions.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Contact: Kira Jastive
kjastive@bu.edu
617-358-1240
Boston University

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
World's large river deltas continue to degrade from human activity
From the Yellow River in China to the Mississippi River in Louisiana, researchers are racing to better understand and mitigate the degradation of some of the world's most important river deltas, according to a University of Colorado Boulder faculty member.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Syvitski
james.syvitski@colorado.e
303-735-5482
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
What bats reveal about how humans focus attention
Researchers discover how a bat's brain determines what sounds are worth paying attention to. (And how human brains probably do too.)
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jill Rosen
jrosen@jhu.edu
443-997-9906
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Two Carnegie Mellon statistics professors earn NSF CAREER awards
The National Science Foundation has awarded Carnegie Mellon University's Jing Lei and Ryan Tibshirani Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) awards. Lei and Tibshirani, both assistant professors in the Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences' Department of Statistics, each received five-year, $400,000 grants for their projects 'Modernizing Classical Nonparametric and Multivariate Theory for Large-scale, High-dimensional Data Analysis' and 'Locally Adaptive Nonparametric Estimation for the Modern Age -- New Insights, Extensions, and Inference Tools,' respectively.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Shilo Rea
shilo@cmu.edu
412-268-6094
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
New Phytologist
Mystery of Dracula orchids' mimicry is unraveled with a 3-D printer
Scientists have unlocked the mystery of mimicry used by Dracula orchids to attract flies and ensure their survival. A team led by University of Oregon researchers did it using a 3-D printer.
National Geographic Society, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Proven one-step process converts CO2 and water directly into liquid hydrocarbon fuels
A team of University of Texas at Arlington chemists and engineers have proven that concentrated light, heat and high pressures can drive the one-step conversion of carbon dioxide and water directly into useable liquid hydrocarbon fuels.
National Science Foundation, Robert A. Welch Foundation

Contact: Louisa Kellie
louisa.kellie@uta.edu
817-524-8926
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
PLOS Computational Biology
New theorem helps reveal tuberculosis' secret
Rice University researchers seek to streamline the analysis of complex biochemical networks and to reveal inconsistencies in biological data. Their theorem helps to uncover hidden drivers of non-monotonic responses to monotonic stimuli in tuberculosis bacteria.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
UM professor earns distinguished National Science Foundation CAREER grant
Orion Berryman, an assistant professor in the University of Montana Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, recently received a CAREER grant from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Orion Berryman
orion.berryman@umontana.edu
406-243-6805
The University of Montana

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
Nature Climate Change
Study of tundra soil demonstrates vulnerability of ecosystem to climate warming
Findings from one of the first comprehensive field studies by a collaborative team of researchers demonstrate the active layer microbiome of tundra soil was significantly altered after only 1.5 years of experimental warming -- a rapid response demonstrating high sensitivity of this ecosystem to warming. Collectively, the results of this study suggest the vulnerability of permafrost ecosystem carbon to climate warming and the significance of microbial feedbacks in mediating this vulnerability.
US Department of Energy, DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation, University of Oklahoma Vice President for Research and Collaborative Innovation Center for Regional Environmental Quality

Contact: Jana Smith
jana.smith@ou.edu
405-325-1322
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
Penn study reveals how fish control microbes through their gills
In a new study published in the journal Nature Communications, Oriol Sunyer of the University of Pennsylvanian and colleagues found that fish induce production of a particular antibody in their gills in response to pathogen exposure, work that could lead to improved fish vaccines for aquaculture.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, European Commission

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
Global Change Biology
Nearly all US forests threatened by drought, climate change
Forests nationwide are feeling the heat from increasing drought and climate change, according to a study by scientists from 14 research institutions. While the effects have been most pronounced in the West, the team found virtually all US forests are now experiencing some degree of change and are vulnerable to future declines.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
Network and Distributed System Security Symposium
Carnegie Mellon, Stanford researchers devise method to safely share password data
An unfortunate reality for cybersecurity researchers is that real-world data for their research too often comes via a security breach. Now computer scientists at Carnegie Mellon and Stanford universities have devised a way to let organizations share statistics about their users' passwords without putting those same customers at risk of being hacked.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Simons Institute for the Theory of Computing, Open Technology Fund

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
White House honors NYU's Gureckis with Presidential Early Career Award
New York University's Todd Gureckis, an associate professor in the Department of Psychology, has been awarded a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers,
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sea level rise in 20th century was fastest in 3,000 years, Rutgers-led study finds
Global sea level rose faster from 1900 to 2000 than during any of the previous 27 centuries. Without global warming, the Earth's sea level would have climbed by less than half the observed 20th century increase and might have dropped.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, New Jersey Sea Grant Consortium, Strategic Environmental Research and Development Group, U.K. National Environmental Research Council, Royal Society, Harvard University

Contact: Todd B. Bates
tbates@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
Nature Geoscience
Atmospheric sulfate particles reduced, but as acidic as ever
Tough emission controls have dramatically reduced the amount of toxic sulfate particles in air, but at least in the Southeast United States, they haven't reduced the acidity of the health-threatening particles.
National Science Foundation, US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 22-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New 'lipidomics' method could bring fast cancer diagnosis
Researchers have developed a new analytical tool for medical applications and biological research that might be used to diagnose cancer more rapidly than conventional methods. The research has implications for the field of lipidomics, which involves the identification and quantification of cellular lipid molecules, how they interact with other components in cells and their role in biological systems.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Emil Venere
venere@purdue.edu
765-494-4709
Purdue University

Public Release: 19-Feb-2016
Nature Photonics
Moving electrons around loops with light: A quantum device based on geometry
Researchers at the University of Chicago and the University of Konstanz have demonstrated the ability to generate a quantum logic operation, or rotation of the qubit, that is intrinsically resilient to noise as well as to variations in the strength or duration of the control.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation

Contact: Steve Koppes
skoppes@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 19-Feb-2016
Science
Researchers discover new Ebola-fighting antibodies in blood of outbreak survivor
A research team that included scientists from The Scripps Research Institute has identified a new group of powerful antibodies to fight Ebola virus. The antibodies, isolated from the blood of a survivor of the 2014 Ebola outbreak and the largest panel reported to date, could guide the development of a vaccine or therapeutic against Ebola.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Center for Excellence in Translational Research, National Science Foundation fellowship, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 19-Feb-2016
IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications
Dartmouth researchers invent 'magic wand' to improve healthcare, cybersecurity
Dartmouth College researchers have developed a digital 'magic wand' to improve home healthcare and to prevent hackers from stealing your personal data.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
john.cramer@dartmouth.edu
603-646-9130
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 19-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
TSRI and JCVI scientists find popular stem cell techniques safe
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and the J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI) shows that the act of creating pluripotent stem cells for clinical use is unlikely to pass on cancer-causing mutations to patients.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship, Autism Speaks Fellowship, National Institutes of Health, Tanner Foundation, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, NIH Center for Regenerative Medicine, New York Stem Cell Foundation

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 19-Feb-2016
Scientific Reports
New device may speed up DNA insertion into bacteria
A new microfluidic device developed by MIT engineers may help scientists quickly home in on the electric field 'sweet spot' -- the range of electric potentials that will harmlessly and temporarily open up membrane pores to let DNA in. In principle, the simple device could be used on any microorganism or cell, significantly speeding up the first step in genetic engineering.
DARPA and the National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Showing releases 651-675 out of 917.

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