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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 651-675 out of 877.

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Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
Cell Host & Microbe
New insights into the survival and transmission strategy of malaria parasites
Malaria parasites exploit the function of the epigenetic regulator HP1 to promote survival and transmission between human hosts, a new study shows. Using HP1 the parasite controls expression of surface antigens to escape immune responses in the infected victim. This prolongs survival of the parasite in the human blood stream and secures its transmission via mosquitoes. The study paves important avenues for new intervention strategies to prevent severe disease and malaria transmission.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Singaporean National Medical Research Council, OPO Foundation, Rudolf Geigy Foundation, Boehringer Ingelheim Fonds

Contact: Christian Heuss
christian.heuss@unibas.ch
41-612-848-683
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute

Public Release: 13-Aug-2014
Journal of Experimental Biology
Minke whales lunge 100 times/hour to feed under sea ice
Minke whales are one of the most common whales in Antartica, but also one of the most vulnerable. Little was known about how these small whales feed until Ari Friedlaender and colleagues attached tags to two animals that measured their movements showing that the whales do not need to be killed to study their feeding behaviour and that they perform over 100 lunges per hour under the sea ice.
National Science Foundation, Office of Polar Programs, RAPID

Contact: Kathryn Knight
kathryn.knight@biologists.com
44-012-234-25525
The Company of Biologists

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
mBIO
Mouth bacteria can change its diet, supercomputers reveal
Mouth bacteria can change their metabolism in disease versus health. The Stampede and Lonestar supercomputers compared gene expression of 160,000 genes in healthy and diseased periodontal communities. Research paves way for biomarkers to predict illness from wide-ranging diseases such as periodontitis, diabetes, and Crohn's disease. The Stampede supercomputer is funded by the National Science Foundation through award ACI-1134872.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Faith Singer-Villalobos
faith@tacc.utexas.edu
512-663-7237
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
University of Oklahoma professor awarded NSF CAREER grant to create visualization tools
A University of Oklahoma professor is creating innovative new ways for people to interact with data in the digital humanities with a five-year, $496,124 National Science Foundation CAREER grant. The University of Oklahoma project will greatly expand the usefulness of data visualizations by providing a general way to create, edit, search and query data inside the visualizations themselves.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jana Smith
jana.smith@ou.edu
405-325-1322
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
ACS Catalysis
Copper foam turns carbon dioxide into useful chemicals
Scientists at Brown University's Center for Capture and Conversion of Carbon Dioxide have discovered that copper foam could provide a new way of converting excess carbon dioxide into useful industrial chemicals.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Analyst
New analysis reveals tumor weaknesses
Epigenetic markers in cancer cells could improve patient treatment.
National Science Foundation, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, NIH/National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences, James H. Ferry Fund for Innovation

Contact: Andrew Carleen
acarleen@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Dartmouth study demonstrates key brain region in contextual memories
Dartmouth researchers demonstrate in a new study that a previously understudied part of the brain, the retrosplenial cortex, is essential for forming the basis for contextual memories, which help you to recall events ranging from global disasters to where you parked your car.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
John.Cramer@Dartmouth.edu
603-646-9130
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 12-Aug-2014
Nature Communications
No excess baggage: Antarctic insect's genome, newly sequenced, is smallest to date
Scientists who sequenced the genome of the Antarctic midge suspect the genome's small size -- the smallest in insects described to date -- can probably be explained by the midge's adaptation to its extreme living environment.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Denlinger
denlinger.1@osu.edu
614-292-6425
Ohio State University

Public Release: 11-Aug-2014
Technology
Focal blood-brain-barrier disruption with high-frequency pulsed electric fields
Novel method uses bursts of nanosecond duration electric pulses to open the blood-brain-barrier as a potential therapy for brain cancer and neurological disorders.
National Science Foundation, Golfers Against Cancer, Center for Biomolecular Imaging in the Wake Forest School of Medicine

Contact: Philly Lim
mllim@wspc.com
65-646-65775
World Scientific

Public Release: 11-Aug-2014
The Astrophysical Journal
Follow the radio waves to exomoons, UT Arlington physicists say
In a paper published by The Astrophysical Journal, researchers from The University of Texas at Arlington suggest following radio wave emissions to find exomoons.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Traci Peterson
tpeterso@uta.edu
817-521-5494
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 11-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A global temperature conundrum: Cooling or warming climate?
When the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change recently requested a figure for its annual report, the University of Wisconsin-Madison's Zhengyu Liu knew that was going to be a problem. Writing in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences today, Liu and his colleagues describe a consistent global warming trend over the course of the Holocene counter to a study published last year that described a period of global cooling before human influence.
National Science Foundation, Chinese National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology

Contact: Zhengyu Liu
zliu3@wisc.edu
608-262-0777
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 11-Aug-2014
Nature Methods
An easier way to manipulate malaria genes
A new approach to knocking out parasite's genes could make it easier to identify drug targets.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Science Foundation, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Aug-2014
UbiComp 2014
Rutgers researchers show that how fast you drive might reveal exactly where you are going
Some drivers are letting auto insurance companies monitor their driving habits in return for a premium discount, but these drivers may not know that the information could reveal where they are driving. Rutgers engineers have shown that even without GPS or other location-sensing technology, a driver could reveal where he or she traveled with no more information than a starting location and a steady stream of data that shows how fast the person was driving.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carl Blesch
cblesch@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 8-Aug-2014
Science
Ancient shellfish remains rewrite 10,000-year history of El Nino cycles
Piles of ancient shells provide the first reliable long-term record for the powerful driver of year-to-year climate changes. Results show that the El Niņos 10,000 years ago were as strong and frequent as they are today.
National Science Foundation, NOAA, French National Research Agency

Contact: Hannah Hickey
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 8-Aug-2014
SIGGRAPH 2014
Photo editing algorithm changes weather, seasons automatically
A computer algorithm being developed by Brown University researchers enables users to instantly change the weather, time of day, season, or other features in outdoor photos with simple text commands. Machine learning and a clever database make it possible. A paper describing the work will be presented at SIGGRAPH 2014.
National Science Foundation, Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity via Air Force Research Laboratory

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 8-Aug-2014
Scientific Reports
Study measures steep coastal costs of China's GDP growth
Economic reforms declared in 1978 led to a surge of growth in China, but resulting increases in human impact activities are seriously degrading the nation's coastal ecosystems, according to a newly published analysis of economic and environmental data. Some activities may have reached a turning point, but others will need policy changes, the authors project.
National Key Basic Research Program of China, China National Funds for Distinguished Young Scientists, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 8-Aug-2014
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin
What does 'diversity' mean to you? The answer may depend on your race
Researchers from the University of California at Irvine, the University of Virginia, and the University of California at Los Angeles collaborated to study how whites, Asian-Americans, and African-Americans evaluate diversity. The research included three studies, and participants were asked to rate the diversity of various groups of people that were presented as a team at work.
National Science Foundation, University of California Council on Research Computing and Libraries

Contact: Jennifer Santisi
press@spsp.org
202-524-6543
Society for Personality and Social Psychology

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
Science
Northern Pacific's tropical anoxic zone might shrink from climate change
A commonly held belief that global warming will diminish oxygen concentrations in the ocean looks like it may not be entirely true. According to new research published in Science magazine, just the opposite is likely the case in the eastern tropical northern Pacific, with its anoxic zone expected to shrink in coming decades because of climate change.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steven Powell
803-777-1923
University of South Carolina

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
SLU scientists to examine regional climate change as part of $20 million Missouri consortium
Tim Eichler, Ph.D., assistant professor of earth and atmospheric sciences, is the principal investigator at SLU and will study changes to regional weather patterns as a part of the National Science Foundation study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Carrie Bebermeyer
bebermcl@slu.edu
314-977-8015
Saint Louis University

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
Science
Origami robot folds itself up, crawls away
A prototype made almost entirely of printable parts demonstrates crucial capabilities of reconfigurable robots.
National Science Foundation, Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Research at Harvard,Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
Science
Robot folds itself up and walks away
A team of engineers used little more than paper and Shrinky dinks -- the classic children's toy that shrinks when heated -- to build a robot that assembles itself into a complex shape in four minutes flat, and crawls away without any human intervention. The advance, described in Science, demonstrates the potential to quickly and cheaply build sophisticated machines that interact with the environment, and to automate much of the design and assembly process.
National Science Foundation, Harvard University/Wyss Institute, US Department of Defense, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Felloship

Contact: Kristen Kusek
kristen.kusek@wyss.harvard.edu
617-432-8266
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
6th International Meeting on Origami in Science, Math and Education
Science
Learning from origami to design new materials
A challenge increasingly important to physicists and materials scientists in recent years has been how to design controllable new materials that exhibit desired physical properties rather than relying on those properties to emerge naturally, says University of Massachusetts Amherst physicist Christian Santangelo. Now he and physicist Arthur Evans and polymer scientist Ryan Hayward at University Massachusetts Amherst, with others, are using origami-based folding methods for 'tuning' the fundamental physical properties of any type of thin sheet.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
Genome Research
Gut microbes browse along a gene buffet
A detailed examination of gene expression in the guts of mice raised under three different microbial conditions shows that the host organism controls which genes are made available to gut microbes at various portions of the intestine. Usage of particular genes is regulated by the microbes, but access to the genes is determined by the host.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, PhRMA Foundation, Pew Scholars in the Biomedical Sciences Program

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
Science
Ocean's most oxygen-deprived zones to shrink under climate change
Weakening trade winds with climate change are shrinking the size of the Earth's lowest-oxygen waters, in the tropical Pacific and Indian oceans.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 7-Aug-2014
Science
Small, origami-inspired pop-up robots function autonomously
Inspired by the traditional Japanese art form of origami or 'folding paper,' researchers have developed a way to coax flat sheets of composite materials to self-fold into complex robots that crawl and turn.
National Science Foundation, Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Research

Contact: Natasha D. Pinol
npinol@aaas.org
202-326-6440
American Association for the Advancement of Science

Showing releases 651-675 out of 877.

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