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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 651-675 out of 904.

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Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
Nature
Stellar parenting: Making new stars by 'adopting' stray cosmic gases
Using observations by the Hubble Space Telescope, an international research team, including astronomers from the Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics and Northwestern University, has for the first time found young populations of stars within globular clusters that have apparently developed courtesy of star-forming gas flowing in from outside of the clusters themselves. This method stands in contrast to the conventional idea of the clusters' initial stars shedding gas as they age in order to spark future rounds of star birth.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 26-Jan-2016
ACS Synthetic Biology
UCR research advances oil production in yeast
A team led by a researcher at the University of California, Riverside has adapted the CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing system for use in a yeast strain that can produce useful lipids and polymers. The development will lead to new precursors for biofuels, specialty polymers, adhesives and fragrances.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
sarah.nightingale@ucr.edu
951-827-4580
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 26-Jan-2016
Purdue innovation uses 'fingerprint' to identify foodborne pathogens
Purdue innovation that creates a "fingerprint-like pattern" to identify foodborne pathogens without using reagents has been licensed by Hettich Lab Technology. The technology is being demonstrated at the Society of Laboratory Automation and Screening Conference and Exhibition held now through Wednesday (Jan. 27, 2016) in San Diego.
US Agricultural Research Services, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Cynthia Sequin
casequin@prf.org
765-588-3340
Purdue University

Public Release: 26-Jan-2016
ACM CHI 2016: the top conference for Human-Computer Interaction
Rutgers Bitcoin study reveals false beliefs on ease of use and privacy
People who have used Bitcoin, and those who don't have any experience with it, have something in common: Both groups share misconceptions about how the controversial digital currency actually works, a Rutgers study finds.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd Bates
tbbates16@gmail.com
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 26-Jan-2016
Pitt professor Dr. Paul Leu receives prestigious National Science Foundation CAREER award
Paul W. Leu, Ph.D., assistant professor of industrial engineering, received the National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) award for his work on flexible metals. The CAREER program is the National Science Foundation's most prestigious award for junior faculty who exemplify outstanding research, teaching, and their integration.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 26-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Spanish missions triggered Native American population collapse, indirect impact on climate
Long-term daily contact with Spanish missions triggered the severe and rapid collapse of Native American populations in what is now New Mexico, according to a new study. The indirect effects rippled through the surrounding forests. New interdisciplinary research resolves long-standing debate about timing and magnitude of American Indian population collapse in the region, confirming it didn't happen upon first contact with Spanish conquistadors in the 1500s, nor was it gradual, as some scholars contend
National Science Foundation, Dynamics of Coupled Natural and Human Systems cross-directorate program

Contact: Margaret Allen
mallen@smu.edu
214-768-7664
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Acoustic tweezers provide much needed pluck for 3-D bioprinting
Researchers, including Carnegie Mellon University President Subra Suresh and collaborators Tony Jun Huang from the Pennsylvania State University and Ming Dao from MIT, have demonstrated that acoustic tweezers can be used to non-invasively move and manipulate single cells along three dimensions, providing a promising new method for 3-D bioprinting.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Penn State Center for Nanoscale Science

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
UMass Amherst receives $4.2 million to train next national cybersecurity workforce
A team of cybersecurity researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst led by computer scientist Brian Levine has a received a $4.2 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to bring a CyberCorps Scholarship for Service (SFS) program to the campus, the first public university in New England to receive such an award.
NSF/CyberCorps Scholarship for Service Program

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
eLife
Crouching protein, hidden enzyme
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) and the University of California (UC), Berkeley shows how a crucial molecular enzyme starts in a tucked-in somersault position and flips out when it encounters the right target.
Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation, Pew Scholars program, NIH, Searle Scholars Program, NSF CAREER Program, HHMI and a NSF Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
New theory aids search for universe's origin
In a new study, scientists from The University of Texas at Dallas and their colleagues suggest a novel way for probing the beginning of space and time, potentially revealing secrets about the conditions that gave rise to the universe.
UT Dallas, Harvard, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, National Science Foundation

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
amanda.siegfried@utdallas.edu
972-883-4335
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
NSF CAREER award supports researcher's cyber-physical systems work
Pavithra Prabhakar, Kansas State University assistant professor of computing and information sciences, has received a five-year $446,000 CAREER award for her research on cyber-physical systems.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pavithra Prabhakar
pprabhakar@k-state.edu
785-532-6350
Kansas State University

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
IEEE Communications Magazine
Living in the '90s? So are underwater wireless networks
University at Buffalo engineers are developing hardware and software tools to help underwater telecommunication catch up to its over-the-air counterpart.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
716-645-4614
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Nature Materials
Novel 4-D printing method blossoms from botanical inspiration
A team of scientists at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University and the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences has evolved their microscale 3-D printing technology to the fourth dimension, time. Inspired by natural structures like plants, which respond and change their form over time according to environmental stimuli, the team has unveiled 4-D-printed hydrogel composite structures that change shape upon immersion in water.
Army Research Office, National Science Foundation's Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

Contact: Kat J. McAlpine
katherine.mcalpine@wyss.harvard.edu
617-432-8266
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A new model emerges for monsoons in a changing global climate
A Yale University study suggests that continent-scale monsoons will adapt to climate change gradually, without suddenly losing their watery oomph.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Jim Shelton
james.shelton@yale.edu
203-432-3881
Yale University

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Physical Review Letters
In galaxy clustering, mass may not be the only thing that matters
An international team of researchers has shown that the relationship between galaxy clusters and their surrounding dark matter halo is more complex than previously thought. The researchers' findings, published in Physical Review Letters today (Jan. 25), are the first to use observational data to show that, in addition to mass, a galaxy cluster's formation history plays a role in how it interacts with its environment.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, World Premier International Research Center Initiative, FIRST program, National Science Foundation, NASA, US Department of Energy

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Nature Communications
A new quantum approach to big data
MIT research has found that systems for handling massive digital datasets could make impossibly complex problems solvable.
Army Research Office, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative of the Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Nature Microbiology
Study shows large variability in abundance of viruses that infect ocean microorganisms
Marine microorganisms play a critical role in capturing atmospheric carbon, but a new study finds much less certainty than previously believed about the populations of the viruses that infect these important organisms.
National Science Foundation, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Simons Foundation

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study shows animals with larger brains are best problem solvers
Despite decades of research, the idea that relative brain size predicts cognitive abilities remains highly controversial, because there is still little experimental evidence to support it. However, a paper released today describes a massive experiment that supports the theory.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Benson-Amram
sbensona@uwyo.edu
307-766-4207
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 22-Jan-2016
Nature Communications
Self-stacking nanogrids
In a new paper in the journal Nature Communications, MIT researchers describe the first technique for stacking layers of block-copolymer wires such that the wires in one layer naturally orient themselves perpendicularly to those in the layer below.
National Science Foundation, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Corporation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 22-Jan-2016
Scientific Reports
Call of the wild: Male geladas captivate females with moans, yawns
For female gelada monkeys, a grunt from a male primate won't suffice to get her attention. The call of the wild must involve moans, wobbles or yawns to entice these females, according to a new University of Michigan study involving the Ethiopian mammals.
National Geographic Society, Leakey Foundation, National Science Foundation, University of Michigan

Contact: Jared Wadley
jwadley@umich.edu
734-936-7819
University of Michigan

Public Release: 21-Jan-2016
Demography
University of Arizona sociologists: Teen pregnancy not an isolated issue
Christina Diaz and Jeremy E. Fiel made a telling discovery: Young motherhood has different consequences for different women, depending on socioeconomic and other factors. Findings from their nationwide study were published in which was published in a January 2016 issue of Demography, a peer-reviewed journal.
Ford Foundation, US Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences, National Science Foundation's Graduate Research Fellowship, Center of Demography and Ecology at the University of Wisconsin

Contact: Christina Diaz
cjdiaz@email.arizona.edu
520-621-3531
University of Arizona

Public Release: 21-Jan-2016
Cool science (very cool) examines how ice storms may shape the future of northern forests
While ice storms are a powerful force in forests, they are also inherently difficult to study because scientists have little lead time on when and where these storms are going to occur. Scientists at the USDA Forest Service's Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest are changing that equation, and instead of waiting for the next big storm to hit, they are creating their own artificial ice storms.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jane Hodgins
jmhodgins@fs.fed.us
651-649-5281
USDA Forest Service - Northern Research Station

Public Release: 21-Jan-2016
Ecology and Evolution
UI biologists find sexuality, not extra chromosomes, benefits animal
Why do animals engage in sexual reproduction? UI biologists sought answers with mud snails that breed both sexually and asexually. They found that asexual snails grow faster and reach reproductive age quicker than sexual snails, which raises new questions about sex's role in reproduction. Results published this month in the journal Ecology and Evolution.
US National Science Foundation, Research Council of Norway, Iowa Center for Research for Undergraduates

Contact: Richard Lewis
richard-c-lewis@uiowa.edu
319-384-0012
University of Iowa

Public Release: 21-Jan-2016
Zoologica Scripta
Tiny Australian leech named for best-selling author Amy Tan
Researchers have named a new leech after best-selling author Amy Tan based on an innovative method for peering inside soft-bodied animals. Chtonobdella tanae is the first new species of invertebrate without chitinous or calcified tissues (like a shell or exoskeleton) to be described with computed tomography (CT). The work opens possibilities for non-destructively studying a group of animals ranging from worms to jellyfish that represent a huge part of the tree of life.
National Science Foundation, Stavros Niarchos Foundation

Contact: Kendra Snyder
ksnyder@amnh.org
212-496-3419
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 21-Jan-2016
Science
New study zeros in on plate tectonics' start date
A new study from the University of Maryland suggests that plate tectonics -- the dynamic processes that formed Earth's mountains, volcanoes and continents -- began about 3 billion years ago. By analyzing trace element ratios that correlate to magnesium content in ancient Earth's crust, the researchers provide first-order geochemical evidence for when plate tectonics first got underway.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew Wright
mewright@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Showing releases 651-675 out of 904.

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