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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 651-675 out of 911.

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Public Release: 28-Jul-2015
American Economic Review
Firms 'underinvest' in long-term cancer research
Pharmaceutical firms 'underinvest' in long-term research to develop new cancer-fighting drugs due to the greater time and cost required to conduct such research, according to a newly published study co-authored by MIT economists.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 28-Jul-2015
Annals of Behavioral Medicine
Link between mood, pain in rheumatoid arthritis patients
Depressive symptoms and mood in the moment may predict momentary pain among rheumatoid arthritis patients, according to Penn State researchers.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 28-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
Plant light sensors came from ancient algae
The light-sensing molecules that tell plants whether to germinate, when to flower and which direction to grow to seek more sunlight were inherited millions of years ago from ancient algae, finds a new study from Duke University. The findings are some of the strongest evidence yet against the prevailing idea that the ancestors of early plants got the red light sensors that helped them move from water to land by engulfing bacteria, the researchers say.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 28-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
First measurements taken of South Africa's Iron Age magnetic field history
A team of researchers has for the first time recovered a magnetic field record from ancient minerals for Iron Age southern Africa (between 1000 and 1500 AD). The data, combined with the current weakening of Earth's magnetic field, suggest that the region of Earth's core beneath southern Africa may play a special role in reversals of the planet's magnetic poles.
National Science Foundation, South African National Research Foundation, Simons Foundation, IBM-Einstein Fellowship Fund

Contact: Peter Iglinski
University of Rochester

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Travel funding: GSA, SACNAS, STEPPE, for students for major geoscience conferences
The Geological Society of America in partnership with the American Geosciences Institute, Incorporated Research Institute for Seismology, the Society for the Advancement of Chicanos and Native Americans in Science, the Society for Sedimentary Geology, and STEPPE have received funding to support 25 undergraduate and graduate students to attend the SACNAS and GSA national conferences in November 2015.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tahlia Bear
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Nano Letters
Reshaping the solar spectrum to turn light to electricity
Solar energy could be made cheaper if solar cells could be coaxed to generate more power. A huge gain in this direction has been made by a team of chemists at the University of California, Riverside that has found an ingenious way to make solar energy conversion more efficient. The researchers combined inorganic semiconductor nanocrystals with organic molecules to 'upconvert' photons in the visible and near-infrared regions of the solar spectrum.
National Science Foundation, US Army

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Cancer Discovery
Clinical validation for LOXO-101 against TRK fusion cancer
Published today in Cancer Discovery, first imaging studies conducted post-treatment, confirmed that stage IV patient's tumors had substantially regressed. With four months of treatment, additional CT scans demonstrated almost complete disappearance of the largest tumors.
V Foundation Scholar Award, Loxo Oncology Research Grant, State of Colorado and University of Colorado Technology Transfer Office Bioscience Discovery Evaluation Grant Program, University of Colorado Lung Cancer SPORE

Contact: Erika Matich
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
ASU will lead new research network looking at weather extremes and city infrastructure
Extreme weather events can cripple crucial infrastructure that enables transit, electricity, water and other services in urban areas. With weather extremes becoming more common -- from devastating hurricanes and flooding to record drought and heat waves -- it will be increasingly important to develop infrastructure in different, more sustainable ways. That is the idea behind a new Urban Resilience to Extreme Weather-Related Events Sustainability Research Network, recently funded by the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Skip Derra
Arizona State University

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Developmental Neuropsychology
Babies' brains show that social skills linked to second language learning
Babies learn language best by interacting with people rather than passively through a video or audio recording. But it's been unclear what aspects of social interactions make them so important for learning. New findings by researchers at the Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences at the University of Washington demonstrate for the first time that an early social behavior called gaze shifting is linked to infants' ability to learn new language sounds.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Molly McElroy
University of Washington

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Nature Communications
Small genetic differences could spell life-and-death for gut infections
When it comes to fighting gut infections, we are not equal. EPFL scientists have shown how apparently insignificant genetic variation can lead to big differences in the gut's immunity. The study could change the way we treat gut disease.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Federation of European Biochemical Societies, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, SystemsX

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Twin discoveries, 'eerie' effect may lead to manufacturing advances
The discovery of a previously unknown type of metal deformation -- sinuous flow -- and a method to suppress it could lead to more efficient machining and other manufacturing advances by reducing the force and energy required to process metals.
National Science Foundation

Contact: emil Venere
Purdue University

Public Release: 27-Jul-2015
PLOS Biology
Some vaccines support evolution of more-virulent viruses
Scientific experiments with the herpesvirus such as the one that causes Marek's disease in poultry have confirmed, for the first time, the highly controversial theory that some vaccines could allow more-virulent versions of a virus to survive, putting unvaccinated individuals at greater risk of severe illness. The research has important implications for food-chain security and food-chain economics, as well as for other diseases that affect humans and agricultural animals.
NIH/National Institutes of Health Institute of General Medical Sciences, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, NSF-NIH-USDA/Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases Program

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Jul-2015
Parasitic flatworms flout global biodiversity patterns
The odds of being attacked and castrated by a variety of parasitic flatworms increases for marine horn snails the farther they are found from the tropics. A Smithsonian-led research team discovered this exception to an otherwise globally observed pattern -- usually biodiversity is greatest in the tropics and decreases toward the poles.
Smithsonian Institution, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Smithsonian Marine Science Network, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows to OM), NSF-NIH Ecology of Infectious Diseases grant

Contact: Beth King
202-633-4700 x28216
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Public Release: 24-Jul-2015
Journal of Wildlife Management
Inbreeding not to blame for Colorado's bighorn sheep population decline
The health of Colorado's bighorn sheep population remains as precarious as the steep alpine terrain the animals inhabit, but a new study led by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder has found that inbreeding -- a common hypothesis for a recent decline -- likely isn't to blame.
National Park Service, Rocky Mountain National Park, National Science Foundation, Rocky Mountain Nature Association, Indian Peaks Wilderness Alliance, University of Colorado Boulder

Contact: Catherine Driscoll
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 24-Jul-2015
Simulated map of missing satellite galaxies could answer dark matter puzzle
Rochester Institute of Technology scientist is hunting for dark matter and hidden dwarf galaxies. She is making the first 'mock' map and catalog of satellite populations from analyzing extended atomic hydrogen disks.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Quaternary Science Reviews
Study finds abrupt climate change may have rocked the cradle of civilization
New research reveals that some of the earliest civilizations in the Middle East and the Fertile Crescent may have been affected by abrupt climate change. These findings show that while socio-economic factors were traditionally considered to shape ancient human societies in this region, the influence of abrupt climate change should not be underestimated.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Scripps researchers map out trajectory of April 2015 earthquake in Nepal
Researchers from Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego have accurately mapped out the movement of the devastating 7.8-magnitude Nepal earthquake that killed over 9,000 and injured over 23,000 people. Scientists have determined that the earthquake was a rupture consisting of three different stages. The study could help a rapidly growing region understand its future seismic risks.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Christina Wu or Mario Aguilera
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Astrophysical Journal
Brown dwarfs, stars share formation process, new study indicates
The discovery of jets of material ejected from still-forming brown dwarfs provides the first direct evidence that these enigmatic objects form in the same way as their more-massive siblings, stars, rather than like planets.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
ASBMB wins National Science Foundation grant to expand mentorship program
The National Science Foundation awarded the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology a grant of half a million dollars to support a comprehensive mentoring program for postdoctoral fellows and early-career faculty members. The program focuses on grantsmanship skills and career-development strategies. It also promotes diversity in the scientific workforce by supporting underrepresented minority postdoctoral scientists and new assistant professors in their efforts to secure research funding.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Allison Frick
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
AIBS Complex Data Integration Workshop
Biologists identify ways to enhance complex data integration across research domains
The American Institute of Biological Sciences has published a new report that identifies key barriers to complex data integration and offers recommendations for the research community, research funding organizations, and others.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Palakovich Carr
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
Penn researchers discover new chiral property of silicon, with photonic applications
By encoding information in photons via their spin, 'photonic' computers could be orders of magnitude faster and efficient than their current-day counterparts. Likewise, encoding information in the spin of electrons, rather than just their quantity, could make 'spintronic' computers with similar advantages. University of Pennsylvania engineers and physicists have now discovered a property of silicon that combines aspects of all of these desirable qualities.
US Army Research Office, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 23-Jul-2015
UT Dallas nanotechnology research leads to super-elastic conducting fibers
A research team based at the University of Texas at Dallas has made electrically conducting fibers that can be reversibly stretched to over 14 times their initial length and whose electrical conductivity increases 200-fold when stretched. In a study published in the July 24 issue of the journal Science, the scientists describe how they constructed the fibers by wrapping electrically conductive sheets of carbon nanotubes to form a jelly-roll-like sheath around a long rubber core.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Robert A. Welch Foundation, US Army, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Nano Letters
Smarter window materials can control light and energy
Chemical engineering professor Delia Milliron and her team have engineered two new advancements in electrochromic materials -- a highly selective cool mode and a warm mode -- not thought possible several years ago. The researchers are one step closer to delivering smart windows with a new level of energy efficiency.
US Department of Energy, Welch Foundation, NSF Graduate Fellowship Program

Contact: Sandra Zaragoza
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
24th USENIX Security Symposium (2015)
Computer security tools for journalists lacking in a post-Snowden world
Despite heightened awareness of surveillance tactics and privacy breaches, existing computer security tools aren't meeting the needs of journalists working with sensitive material, a new University of Washington and Columbia University study finds.
National Science Foundation/Division of Computer and Network Systems

Contact: Jennifer Langston
University of Washington

Public Release: 22-Jul-2015
Predicting the shape of river deltas
Now researchers from MIT and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution have devised a simple way to predict a river delta's shape, given two competing factors: its river's force in depositing sediment into the ocean, and ocean waves' strength in pushing that sediment back along the coast. Depending on the balance of the two, the coastline of a river delta may take on a smooth 'cuspate' shape, or a more pointed 'crenulated' outline, resembling a bird's foot.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Showing releases 651-675 out of 911.

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