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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 651-675 out of 903.

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Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Soil Science Society of America Journal
Will grassland soil weather a change?
There's more to an ecosystem than the visible plants and animals. The soil underneath is alive with vital microbes. They make sure nutrients from dead plant and animal material are broken down and made useable by other plants. This completes the process of nutrient cycling and carbon storage. Scientists are learning more about how important these microbes are. But how do changes in temperature and precipitation levels affect microbes? And will that affect carbon storage?
Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Fisk
sfisk@sciencesocieties.org
608-273-8091
American Society of Agronomy

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
2015 AGU Fall Meeting
Number of severe algal blooms in Lake Erie to double, forecast says
By the latter half of this century, toxic algal blooms like the one that cut off drinking water to the city of Toledo in 2014 will no longer be the exception, but the norm, a study suggests.The findings hold implications for hundreds of coastal regions around the world where nutrient runoff and climate change intersect to make toxic algae a problem.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Study: Climate change rapidly warming world's lakes
Climate change is rapidly warming lakes around the world, threatening freshwater supplies and ecosystems, according to a study spanning six continents. The study is the largest of its kind and the first to use a combination of satellite temperature data and long-term ground measurements. A total of 235 lakes, representing more than half of the world's freshwater supply, were monitored for at least 25 years.
NASA/Earth Science Division, NASA/Science of Terra, NASA/Aqua, NASA/ROSES, National Science Foundation

Contact: Eric Sorensen
eric.sorensen@wsu.edu
509-335-8734
Washington State University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Journal of Experimental Biology
Aphids balance their diets by rebuilding plant amino acids
Aphids survive on an unbalanced diet of plant sap by breaking down all available plant amino acids and rebuilding essential ones.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Patricia Waldron
pjw85@cornell.edu
607-254-7476
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Quaternary Science Reviews
Dartmouth study sheds light on lake evaporation under changing climate
Dartmouth scientists have shown for the first time how winds blowing across lakes affect the chemical makeup of water vapor above and evaporated from lakes, which may aid research into past and present water cycles under changing climate.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
john.cramer@dartmouth.edu
603-646-9130
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Biological Conservation
Land use may weaken amphibian's capacity to fight infection and disease
Man-made changes to the environment are linked to changes in the microbiome on cricket frogs' skin and antimicrobial peptide secretions through the skin, possibly weakening the animals' immune systems. The frog's population has drastically declined across its northern range since the 1970s.
National Science Foundation, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo's Amphibian Conservation Fund, Holden Arboretum Trust

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-534-7183
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Making bicycling safer for kids with ADHD
University of Iowa researchers hope new avenues of study about why children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder have more accidents while crossing the street on their bicycles will help parents teach their children to better navigate busy intersections.
University of Iowa Injury Prevention Research Center, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sara Diedrich
sara-diedrich@uiowa.edu
319-384-0073
University of Iowa

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Energy Storage Materials
CWRU researchers tailor power source for wearable electronics
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed flexible wire-shaped microsupercapacitors that can be woven into a jacket, shirt or dress.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Defense, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Multidisciplinary Research Program of the University Research Initiative, Air Force Research Laboratory/Dayton Area Graduate Studies Institute

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-534-7183
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Nature
Big moves in protein structure prediction and design
Reports in Nature this week on the modular construction of certain types of protein molecules are the latest in a series of advances in protein structure prediction and design. Because naturally occurring proteins act as nanomachines to carry out essential functions in living things, researchers are eager to custom-design and synthesize protein molecules that can perform critical tasks in medical, environmental and industrial arenas.
National Science Foundation, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Scientific Reports
USF geologists focus on mineral for clues to beginning of biological life on earth
New research by University of South Florida geologists has found that in Earth's beginning, meteorites striking the planet to provide light may have carried within them an extraterrestrial mineral that, as it corroded in water on Earth, could have provided the essential chemical spark leading to the birth of biological life.
National Science Foundation, NASA Astrobiology Program

Contact: Matthew Pasek
mpasek@usf.edu
813-974-8979
University of South Florida (USF Innovation)

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Nano Letters
A molecular light switch?...Just add water
Researchers from Drexel University, The University of California at Berkeley, the University of Pennsylvania and Temple University uncovered a way to use water molecules to control ultraviolet light emitted from the inside of a complex oxide material. This discovery means the material could find use in chemical sensors, computing and information storage devices.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, US Department of Energy

Contact: Britt Faulstick
bef29@drexel.edu
215-895-2617
Drexel University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Neuron
Understanding body language of mice
Mouse behavior naturally divides into movement motifs lasting less than a second. These 'behavioral syllables' can be reused by the brain to achieve specific goals.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Searle Scholars Program, Vallee Foundation, McKnight Foundation, Simons Foundation

Contact: David Cameron
david_cameron@hms.harvard.edu
617-432-0441
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Nature Communications
Researchers elucidate network of genes that control when puberty begins
In expanding our knowledge of how the brain controls the process of sexual development, researchers at Oregon Healthy & Science University and the University of Pittsburgh have identified for the first time members of an elaborate superfamily of genes that regulate the timing of puberty in highly evolved nonhuman primates.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, European Union

Contact: Elizabeth Seaberry
seaberry@ohsu.edu
503-494-8231
Oregon Health & Science University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Science Translational Medicine
USC researchers discover way to improve image sharpness for blind people with retinal implants
Retinal implants that deliver longer impulses may markedly improve image sharpness for blind individuals.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Beckman Initiative for Macular Research, Second Sight Medical Products Inc.

Contact: Meg Aldrich
meg.aldrich@med.usc.edu
323-442-3941
University of Southern California - Health Sciences

Public Release: 16-Dec-2015
Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Mathematical model suggests select DCIS patients could delay treatment
Active surveillance could be a viable alternative to surgery and radiation for select patients with ductal carcinoma in situ, or DCIS, according to a mathematical model developed by researchers at Duke University.
National Institute of Health, Swiss National Science Foundation, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Sarah Avery
sarah.avery@duke.edu
919-724-5343
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Neural Computation
Georgia Tech researchers demonstrate how the brain can handle so much data
Researchers at Georgia Tech discovered that humans can categorize data using less than 1 percent of the original information, and validated an algorithm to explain human learning -- a method that also can be used for machine learning, data analysis and computer vision.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tara La Bouff
tlabouff@cc.gatech.edu
404-894-7253
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Scientific Reports
East Antarctic Ice Sheet has stayed frozen for 14 million years, Penn team reports
In a new study in Scientific Reports, University of Pennsylvania researchers use an innovative technique to date one of Antarctica's ancient lake deposits. They found that the deposits have remained frozen for at least the last 14 million years, suggesting that the surrounding region, the East Antarctic Ice Sheet, or EAIS, has likewise remained intact.
University of Pennsylvania, North Dakota State University, National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Nature Geoscience
Study: Current climate models misrepresent El Niño
Climate models incorrectly predict El Niņo, according to a new study.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Gamma rays from distant galaxy tell story of an escape
A flare of very high-energy gamma rays emitted from a galaxy halfway across the universe has put new bounds on the amount of background light in the universe and given astrophysicists clues to how and where such gamma rays are produced.
DOE, NSF, NASA, NSERC, Smithsonian

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Nature Materials
Transparent metal films for smart phone, tablet and TV displays
A new material that is both highly transparent and electrically conductive could make large screen displays, smart windows and even touch screens and solar cells more affordable and efficient, according to the Penn State materials scientists and engineers who discovered it.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Department of Energy

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Hydricity' concept uses solar energy to produce power round-the-clock
Researchers are proposing a new 'hydricity' concept aimed at creating a sustainable economy by not only generating electricity with solar energy but also producing and storing hydrogen from superheated water for round-the-clock power production.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Emil Venere
venere@purdue.edu
765-494-4709
Purdue University

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
eLife
Novel imaging technique captures beauty of metal-labeled neurons in 3-D
Researchers have discovered a dazzling new method of visualizing neurons that promises to benefit neuroscientists and cell biologists alike: by using spectral confocal microscopy to image tissues impregnated with silver or gold.
National Science Foundation, Agness Scott College Gravatt, University of Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station

Contact: Emily Packer
e.packer@elifesciences.org
01-223-855-373
eLife

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
2015 AGU Fall Meeting
Three miles high: Using drones to study high-altitude glaciers
While some dream of the day that aerial drones deliver their online purchases, scientists are using the technology today to deliver data that was never available before. About 5,000 meters high in the Peruvian Andes, the scientists are mapping glaciers and wetlands in the Cordillera Blanca mountain range with 10-centimeter precision to gauge how climate change will affect the half-million local residents who rely in part on those glaciers for their water supply.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Psychological Science
We infer a speaker's social identity from subtle linguistic cues
When we speak, we 'leak' information about our social identity through the nuanced language that we use to describe others, according to new research in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. This research shows that people can infer a speaker's social identity (e.g., political party affiliation) from how the speaker uses abstract or concrete terms to describe someone else's behavior.
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Immunity
Why the flu vaccine is less effective in the elderly
Around this time every year, the flu virus infects up to one-fifth of the US population and kills thousands of people, many of them elderly. A study published by Cell Press on Dec. 15, 2015, in Immunity now explains why the flu vaccine is less effective at protecting older individuals. More broadly, the findings reveal novel molecular signatures that could be used to predict which individuals are most likely to respond positively to vaccination.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Joseph Caputo
jcaputo@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Showing releases 651-675 out of 903.

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