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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 651-675 out of 798.

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Public Release: 3-Apr-2014
Current Biology
Ouch! Computer system spots fake expressions of pain better than people
A joint study by researchers at the University of California, San Diego, the University at Buffalo, and the University of Toronto has found that a computer–vision system can distinguish between real or faked expressions of pain more accurately than can humans.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Patricia Donovan
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 3-Apr-2014
Global Change Biology
Scientists say new computer model amounts to a lot more than a hill of beans
Crops that produce more while using less water seem like a dream for a world with a burgeoning population and already strained resources. This dream is closer to reality for University of Illinois researchers who developed a new computer model to help plant scientists breed better soybean crops. The model predicts a soybean crop with 8.5 percent more productivity, but using 13 percent less water, by breeding for slightly different leaf distribution, angles and reflectivity.
National Science Foundation, Gates Foundation

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 3-Apr-2014
RSC Advances
Energy breakthrough uses sun to create solar energy materials
Researchers have discovered a way to tap the sun not only as a source of power, but also to directly produce the solar energy materials that make this possible. This breakthrough could make the sun almost a 'one-stop shop' that produces both the materials for solar devices and the eternal energy to power them.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Chih-hung Chang
Oregon State University

Public Release: 3-Apr-2014
Nature Communications
Fighting cancer with lasers and nanoballoons that pop
Researchers are developing a better delivery method for cancer drugs by encapsulating the drugs in nanoballoons -- which are tiny modified liposomes that, upon being struck by a red laser, pop open and deliver concentrated doses of medicine.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cory Nealon
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 3-Apr-2014
Hot mantle drives elevation, volcanism along mid-ocean ridges
Using data from seismic waves, scientists have shown that temperature deep in Earth's mantle controls the elevation and volcanic activity along mid-ocean ridges, colossal mountain ranges that line the ocean floor. The findings, published this week in Science, bolster the idea that warm mantle plumes are responsible for 'hot spot' volcanism, and shed new light on how temperature in the depths of the mantle influences the contours of the Earth's crust.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 3-Apr-2014
New data show the immediate value of scientific research
University research is a key component of the US economic ecosystem, returning the investment through enormous public value and impact on employment, business, and manufacturing nationwide.
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation

Contact: Barbara McFadden Allen
Committee on Institutional Cooperation

Public Release: 2-Apr-2014
Science China: Life Sciences
A new tree-planting technique for ecological control of desert
A recent research using desert plant Haloxylon ammodendron discovered that high desert surface temperature is a major limiting factor under numerous desert habitats. It provides a novel idea for the measures of desert ecological control. Based on the discovery, a new tree-planting technique for desert afforestation is invented. This study has been published in a new issue of SCIENCE CHINA.
National Natural Science Foundation of China, Transformation Fund for Agricultural Science

Contact: MA Hao
Science China Press

Public Release: 2-Apr-2014
Environmental Science & Technology
Crib mattresses emit potentially harmful chemicals, Cockrell School engineers find
In a first-of-its-kind study, a team of environmental engineers from the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin found that infants are exposed to high levels of chemical emissions from crib mattresses while they sleep. The research team analyzed the foam padding in crib mattresses to gain knowledge about the chemical composition of the mattresses, the rate at which volatile organic compounds are released into the air and the emission levels that sleeping infants are exposed to.
National Science Foundation, Nordic Research Opportunity program

Contact: Sandra Zaragoza
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 2-Apr-2014
Earthquake research explores use of high-performance concrete
Bora Gencturk, an assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Houston, is studying ways to selectively use high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete in buildings, making them more likely to survive an earthquake without suffering major damage. To minimize cost he proposes using the material only at those spots where structures are likely to fail and believes his work could lead to design specifications for the use of high-performance concrete at beam-column joints.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Merkl
University of Houston

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Global Change Biology
Deforestation of sandy soils a greater climate threat
A new Yale-led study finds that tree removal has far greater consequences for climate change in some soils than in others, a finding that could provide key insights into which ecosystems should be managed with extra care.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Connection Science
Computers teach each other Pac-Man
Researchers in Washington State University's School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science have developed a method to allow a computer to give advice and teach skills to another computer in a way that mimics how a real teacher and student might interact.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew E. Taylor
Washington State University

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Ancient nomads spread earliest domestic grains along Silk Road, study finds
Charred grains of barley, millet and wheat deposited nearly 5,000 years ago at campsites in the high plains of Kazakhstan show that nomadic sheepherders played a surprisingly important role in the early spread of domesticated crops throughout a mountainous east-west corridor along the historic Silk Road, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis.
National Science Foundation, Lambda Alpha National Honor Society, Mary Morris-Stein Foundation

Contact: Gerry Everding
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 1-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
'Touched' female cockroaches reproduce faster
To speed up reproduction, there's no substitute for the tender touch of a live cockroach. That's the major takeaway from a North Carolina State University study examining whether artificial antennae -- in this case, duck feathers -- can mimic a cockroach antenna's capacity to hasten reproduction in cockroach females.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: Coby Schal
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Electrical engineering professor Javad Lavaei wins NSF Career Award
Javad Lavaei, assistant professor of electrical engineering, has won a National Science Foundation CAREER Award for his research on electrical power networks. The five-year, $400,000 award, National Science Foundation's preeminent recognition of exceptional junior faculty, will support his project, 'High-Performance Optimization Methods for Power Systems.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Computer science professor Roxana Geambasu wins NSF CAREER Award
Roxana Geambasu, assistant professor of computer science, has won a National Science Foundation CAREER Award for her proposal to create new data protection abstractions for modern operating systems. The five-year, $499,000 grant, the most prestigious National Science Foundation award to recognize outstanding junior faculty, will help fund her project, 'New Abstractions for Responsible Sensitive Data Management in Modern Operating Systems.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
UIC chemist awarded international sustainability grant
A University of Illinois at Chicago chemistry professor will lead the US effort in a three-nation project to develop efficient catalytic methods that replace rare metals with abundant and inexpensive metals such as iron and copper.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeanne Galatzer-Levy
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
The Plant Cell
New functions for 'junk' DNA?
DNA encodes the information necessary to make all the proteins in a cell, but the vast majority of the DNA in a cell is non-coding DNA, in the past sometimes referred to as 'junk' DNA. Recent research published in The Plant Cell has identified non-coding DNA sequences that are found in nearly all plants and appear to have roles in basic processes such as tissue and organ development, response to hormones, and regulation of gene expression.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tyrone Spady
American Society of Plant Biologists

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Climate Dynamics
Warming climate may spread drying to a third of earth, says study
A new study published this month in the journal Climate Dynamics estimates that 12 percent of land will be subject to drought by 2100 through rainfall changes alone; but the drying will spread to 30 percent of land if higher evaporation rates are considered. An increase in evaporative drying means that even regions expected to get more rain, including important wheat, corn and rice belts in the western United States and southeastern China, will be at risk of drought.
NOAA, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim Martineau
The Earth Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Where to get Viagra news? (Really, this isn't spam)
Do you want information on Viagra or ibuprofen? Check out general social networks such as Twitter and Pinterest. Interested in sleep disorders or depression? You're better off going to specialized health social networks such as WebMD or
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Work and Occupations
Academic workplace bias against parents hurts nonparents too
A new study from Rice University and the UC, San Diego, shows that university workplace bias against scientists and engineers who use flexible work arrangements may increase employee dissatisfaction and turnover even for people who don't have children.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
NYU physicist to study star deaths using stellar forensics under NSF CAREER Award
New York University physicist Maryam Modjaz will study the explosions of stars using a method she calls 'stellar forensics' under a National Science Foundation CAREER Award.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Ancient whodunit may be solved: The microbes did it!
Methane-producing microbes may be responsible for the largest mass extinction in Earth's history.
NASA, National Science Foundation, Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 31-Mar-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Self-healing engineered muscle grown in the laboratory
Biomedical engineers at Duke University have grown living skeletal muscle that contracts powerfully and rapidly, integrates quickly into mice, and for the first time, demonstrates the ability to heal itself both inside the laboratory and inside an animal.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 30-Mar-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Scientists pinpoint why we miss subtle visual changes, and why it keeps us sane
Ever notice how Harry Potter's T-shirt abruptly changes from a crewneck to a henley shirt in 'The Order of the Phoenix,' or how in 'Pretty Woman,' Julia Roberts' croissant inexplicably morphs into a pancake? Don't worry if you missed those continuity bloopers. Vision scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have discovered an upside to the brain mechanism that can blind us to subtle changes in movies and in the real world.
National Insitutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Yasmin Anwar
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 30-Mar-2014
Nature Nanotechnology
Heat-conducting polymer cools hot electronic devices at 200 degrees C
By harnessing an electropolymerization process to produce aligned arrays of polymer nanofibers, researchers have developed a thermal interface material able to conduct heat 20 times better than the original polymer. The material can operate at up to 200 degrees Celsius.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Showing releases 651-675 out of 798.

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