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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 676-700 out of 918.

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Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
Nature Materials
A new way to get electricity from magnetism
By showing that a phenomenon dubbed the 'inverse spin Hall effect' works in several organic semiconductors -- including carbon-60 buckyballs -- University of Utah physicists changed magnetic 'spin current' into electric current. The efficiency of this new power conversion method isn't yet known, but it might find use in future electronic devices including batteries, solar cells and computers.
National Science Foundation, University of Utah-NSF Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
lee.siegel@utah.edu
801-244-5399
University of Utah

Public Release: 18-Apr-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Which trees face death in drought?
William Anderegg and his colleagues looked for patterns in previous studies of tree mortality and found some common traits that characterized which species lived and which died during drought. The results, published today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, can help chart the future of forests.
National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
paul.gabrielsen@utah.edu
801-505-8253
University of Utah

Public Release: 15-Apr-2016
Amlan Ganguly receives NSF CAREER Award for improving data center energy efficiencies
Amlan Ganguly, a faculty member at Rochester Institute of Technology, recently received a National Science Foundation CAREER Award expected to total $596,512 over five years for 'Energy-efficient data center with wireless interconnection networks.' The five-year grant award is being used toward further exploring the design of energy efficient data centers utilizing a communication infrastructure with wireless interconnections.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Cometa
macuns@rit.edu
585-475-4954
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Apr-2016
Nature Communications
First-ever videos show how heat moves through materials at the nanoscale and speed of sound
Using a state-of-the-art ultrafast electron microscope, University of Minnesota researchers have recorded the first-ever videos showing how heat moves through materials at the nanoscale traveling at the speed of sound.
National Science Foundation, University of Minnesota Materials Research Science and Engineering Center

Contact: Rhonda Zurn
rzurn@umn.edu
612-626-7959
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Measuring drought impact in more than dollars and cents
Two Vanderbilt University doctoral students has assembled a multi-disciplinary team of graduate students from around the country to conduct a multi-faceted study of how people are affected by and responding to drought conditions in the United States.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David F Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Physical Review Letters
Probing the transforming world of neutrinos
These are the first results from the NOvA experiment, which aims to study neutrino oscillations.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Indian Department of Science and Technology, European Research Council, and others

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
debwms@caltech.edu
626-395-3227
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Europa's heaving ice might make more heat than scientists thought
A new set of experiments sheds light on how much heat is created when ice is deformed, which could help scientists understand the possibility of a subsurface ocean on one of Jupiter's moons.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Journal of Virology
Surface mutation lets canine parvovirus jump to other species
A key mutation in the protein shell of canine parvovirus -- a single amino acid substitution -- plays a major role in the virus' ability to infect hosts of different species.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Melissa Osgood
mmo59@cornell.edu
607-255-2059
Cornell University

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Cerebral Cortex
Electrical brain stimulation enhances creativity, researchers say
Safe levels of electrical stimulation can enhance your capacity to think more creatively, according to a new study by Georgetown researchers.
National Science Foundation, John Templeton Foundation, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, Pymetrics

Contact: Ryan King
Ryan.King@georgetown.edu
202-687-4327
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Science
A single-atom magnet breaks new ground for future data storage
EPFL scientists have built a single-atom magnet that is the most stable to date. The breakthrough paves the way for the scalable production of miniature magnetic storage devices.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Competence Centre for Materials Science and Technology, ETH Zurich, EPFL, Marie Curie Institute, Serbian Ministry of Education and Science

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Science
Visualizing and predicting evolution by mapping the elusive 'fitness landscape'
Suppose you were trying to design a vaccine to combat next season's influenza virus. Having a detailed map that tells you exactly how various strains of the flu bug will evolve would be extremely helpful.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 14-Apr-2016
Cell Reports
Scientists crack secrets of the monarch butterfly's internal compass
Researchers have cracked the secret of the internal, genetically encoded compass that millions of monarch butterflies use to determine the direction -- southwest -- they should fly each fall to reach central Mexico.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Applied Research Laboratory, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Washington Research Fund

Contact: James Urton
jurton@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Nature
Chemical weathering controls erosion rates in rivers
Chemical weathering can control how susceptible bedrock in river beds is to erosion, according to new research. In addition to explaining how climate can influence landscape erosion rates, the results also may improve scientists' ability to interpret and predict feedbacks between erosion, plate tectonics and Earth's climate. The research, led by The University of Texas at Austin, was published in Nature on April 14, 2016.
National Science Foundation, Tulane Research Enhancement

Contact: Monica Kortsha
mkortsha@jsg.utexas.edu
512-471-2241
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Some frogs are adapting to deadly pathogen
Some populations of frogs are rapidly adapting to a fungal pathogen called Batrachochrytrium dendrobatridis (Bd) that has decimated many populations for close to half a century and causes the disease chytridiomycosis, according to a new study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melissa Osgood
mmo59@cornell.edu
607-255-2059
Cornell University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Undergraduate students come to RIT for research experience in computational sensing
Undergraduate students from around the country will try their hand at research as part of an upcoming Research Experience for Undergraduates at Rochester Institute of Technology. The REU Site in Computational Sensing is funded by a nearly $360,000 grant from the National Science Foundation. The three-year program, starting in May, will allow 10 undergraduate students to attend a 10-week program at RIT each summer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Scott Bureau
sbbcom@rit.edu
585-475-2481
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Physical Review Letters
Iowa State physicist analyzes first electron neutrino data from NOvA Experiment
Iowa State physicists are part of the huge NOvA Neutrino Experiment that just published two papers about the first experimental observations of muon neutrinos changing to electron neutrinos. The discovery could offer insight into fundamental neutrino properties such as mass and could help explain the dominance of matter in the universe.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mayly Sanchez
mayly@iastate.edu
515-294-4739
Iowa State University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Nature
Electrons slide through the hourglass on surface of bizarre material
A new state of matter in which current flows only through a set of surface channels that resemble an hourglass is the subject of new research by a team at Princeton University. The team theorized that a new particle, the 'hourglass fermion,' is responsible for this current flow. The tuning of the material's properties can sequentially create and destroy the hourglass fermions, suggesting a range of potential applications such as efficient transistor switching.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, W. M. Keck Foundation, Eric and Wendy Schmidt Transformative Technology Fund at Princeton University

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Environmental Science & Technology
Trap and neutralize: A new way to clean contaminated groundwater
A team of researchers from Washington University in St. Louis have helped discover a new chemical method to immobilize uranium in contaminated groundwater, which could lead to more precise and successful water remediation efforts at former nuclear sites.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Erika Ebsworth-Goold
eebsworth-goold@wustl.edu
314-935-2914
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Global Change Biology
Using data to protect coral reefs from climate change
Coral reefs are early casualties of climate change, but not every coral reacts the same way to the stress of ocean warming. Northwestern University researchers have developed the first-ever quantitative 'global index' detailing which of the world's coral species are most susceptible to coral bleaching and most likely to die. Based on historical data, the index can be used to compare the bleaching responses of the world's corals and to predict which corals may be most affected by future bleaching events.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
25th World Wide Web Conference
ACM Digital Library
Location data on two apps enough to identify someone, says study
A team of researchers at Columbia University and Google demonstrate that location-tagged posts on just two social media apps are enough to link accounts held by the same person and identify him or her, raising new concerns about mobility metadata. The team will present its findings at the World Wide Web conference in Montreal on April 14, 2016.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kim Martineau
klm32@columbia.edu
646-717-0134
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
Computers in your clothes? A milestone for wearable electronics
Researchers who are working to develop wearable electronics have reached a milestone: They are able to embroider circuits into fabric with 0.1 mm precision -- the perfect size to integrate electronic components such as sensors and computer memory devices into clothing.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
The Science of Nature - Naturwissenschaften
Why bearcats smell like buttered popcorn
The bearcat. The binturong. Whatever you call this shy, shaggy-haired creature from Southeast Asia, many people who have met one notice the same thing: it smells like a movie theater snack bar. Most describe it as hot buttered popcorn. And for good reason -- the chemical compound that gives freshly made popcorn its mouthwatering smell is also the major aroma emitted by binturong pee, finds a new study.
Duke University, Hendrix College, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 13-Apr-2016
Nature
Bubbles lead to disaster
Why are volcanologists interested in vapour bubbles? Because they can accumulate in a magma reservoir underneath a volcano, priming it to explode. Researchers at ETH Zurich and Georgia Institute of Technology have now discovered how bubbles are able to accumulate in the magma.
Swiss National Science Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Dr. Andrea Parmigiani
andrea.parmigiani@erdw.ethz.ch
41-446-327-525
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 12-Apr-2016
Applied Geochemistry
Oxygen key to containing coal ash contamination
The level of oxygen in a coal ash disposal site can greatly affect how much toxic selenium and arsenic can be leached from the system.
National Science Foundation, Environmental Research and Education Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 12-Apr-2016
Evolutionary Anthropology
The pyrophilic primate
Fire, a tool broadly used for cooking, constructing, hunting and even communicating, was arguably one of the earliest discoveries in human history. But when, how and why it came to be used is hotly debated among scientists. A new scenario crafted by University of Utah anthropologists proposes that human ancestors became dependent on fire as a result of Africa's increasingly fire-prone environment 2-3 million years ago.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Chanapa Tantibanchachai
chanapa.t@utah.edu
928-458-9656
University of Utah

Showing releases 676-700 out of 918.

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