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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 676-700 out of 749.

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Public Release: 4-Nov-2013
Nature Physics
Diamond imperfections pave the way to technology gold
Using ultrafast 2-D electronic spectroscopy, Berkeley Lab researchers have recorded unprecedented observations of energy moving through the atom-sized diamond impurities known as nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers. Their results provide information on NV centers that is important for such highly promising advanced technologies as supersensitive detections of magnetic fields and quantum computing.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lynn Yarris
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 4-Nov-2013
Molecular Cell
Gene responsible for hereditary cancer syndrome found to disrupt critical growth-regulating pathway
Whitehead Institute scientists report that the gene mutated in the rare hereditary disorder known as Birt-Hogg-Dubé cancer syndrome prevents activation of mTORC1, a critical nutrient-sensing and growth-regulating cellular pathway. This is an unexpected finding, as some cancers keep this pathway turned on to fuel their unchecked growth and expansion. Reconciling these opposing roles may give scientists a new perspective on how cancer cells can distort normal cellular functions to maintain their own harmful ways.
National Institutes of Health, Department of Defense, NIH/National Cancer Institute, David H. Koch Graduate Fellowship Fund, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Jane Coffin Childs Memorial Fund

Contact: Nicole Rura
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 4-Nov-2013
Strata + Hadoop World 2013
New computing model could lead to quicker advancements in medical research, according to Virginia Tech
For the past two years, Wu Feng has led a research team that has now created a new generation of efficient data management and analysis software for large-scale, data-intensive scientific applications in the cloud. "Our goal was to keep up with the data deluge in the DNA sequencing space. Our result is that we are now analyzing data faster, and we are also analyzing it more intelligently," Feng said.
National Science Foundation and Microsoft

Contact: Lynn Nystrom
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 4-Nov-2013
Geoscientist receives NSF grant to develop GPS and LiDAR education at UH
University of Houston professor Guoquan (Bob) Wang received a three-year, $168,000 National Science Foundation award that will integrate Global Positioning Systems and Light Detection and Ranging into the UH undergraduate geosciences curriculum. Wang says the high-rate GPS and seismic instruments will be a perfect field lab for teaching principles of earthquake monitoring, plate motions observing and field instrumentation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Merkl
University of Houston

Public Release: 4-Nov-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists study 'fishy' behavior to solve an animal locomotion mystery
The puzzling, apparently wasteful habit of some animals to exert force in the direction opposite of where they want to go actually has an important purpose: to increase both stability and maneuverability at the same time.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Phil Sneiderman
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 4-Nov-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Astronomers answer key question: How common are habitable planets?
UC Berkeley and University of Hawaii astronomers analyzed all four years of Kepler data in search of Earth-size planets in the habitable zones of sun-like stars, and then rigorously tested how many planets they may have missed. Based on this analysis, they estimate that 22 percent of stars like the sun have potentially habitable Earth-size planets, though not all may be rocky or have liquid water, a presumed prerequisite for life.
National Science Foundation, University of California, Berkeley, NASA

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 3-Nov-2013
Nature Nanotechnology
Nanotube-based sensors can be implanted under the skin for a year
Research from MIT shows carbon nanotubes that detect nitric oxide can be implanted under the skin for more than a year.
Sanofi-Aventis, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, BYI Award, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Nov-2013
Nature Communications
Synaptic transistor learns while it computes
Exploiting unusual properties in modern materials, the synaptic transistor could mark the beginning of a new kind of artificial intelligence: one embedded not in smart algorithms but in the very architecture of a computer.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office's Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Caroline Perry
Harvard University

Public Release: 1-Nov-2013
Genetic rarity rules in wild guppy population, study finds
Florida State University professor Kimberly A. Hughes in the Department of Biological Science has a new study just published in the journal Nature that is the first to demonstrate a female preference for rare males using an experiment in a wild population, rather than a laboratory setting.
National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Nicole Brooks
Florida State University

Public Release: 1-Nov-2013
Going deep to study long-term climate evolution
A Rice University-based team of geoscientists is going to great lengths -- from Earth's core to its atmosphere -- to investigate a mystery about Earth's long-term climate. The team has a new federal grant to study the role that deep-Earth processes play in climate evolution over million-year timescales.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 1-Nov-2013
SVP 73rd Annual Meeting
Global warming led to dwarfism in mammals -- twice
Mammal body size decreased significantly during at least two ancient global warming events, a new finding that suggests a similar outcome is possible in response to human-caused climate change, according to a University of Michigan paleontologist and his colleagues.
National Science Foundation, Geological Society of America, Paleontological Society

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres
Geoengineering the climate could reduce vital rains
Although a significant build-up in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere would alter worldwide precipitation patterns, geoengineering would also interfere with rainfall and snowfall. An international study, led by NCAR scientists, finds that "geoengineering" could result in monsoonal rains in North America, East Asia, and other regions dropping by 5-7 percent compared to preindustrial conditions because of less evaporation and reduced plant emissions of water.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: David Hosansky
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
UTSA researchers develop prototype football kicking simulator
In football, kicking is a fundamental and vital part of the game. The few points a kicker scores can make a critical difference in the outcome of a game. To help improve a football kicker's performance, University of Texas at San Antonio mechanical and bioengineering professor Yusheng Feng and seven students have developed the prototype components for a football kicking simulator designed to be a real-time training tool.
National Science Foundation

Contact: KC Gonzalez
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
The secret's in the (robotic) stroke
Recent studies from two research teams at the Polytechnic Institute of New York University demonstrate how underwater robots can be used to understand and influence the complex swimming behaviors of schooling fish. The teams, led by Associate Professor Maurizio Porfiri, published two separate papers in the journal PLOS ONE. These studies are the latest in a significant body of research by Porfiri and collaborators utilizing robots, specifically robotic fish, to impact collective animal behavior.
National Science Foundation, Mitsui USA Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
CU-Boulder-led team gets first look at diverse life below rare tallgrass prairies
For the first time, a research team led by the University of Colorado Boulder has gotten a peek at a vitally important community that once called the tallgrass prairie home: The diverse assortment of microbes that thrived in the dark, rich soils beneath the grass.
National Science Foundation, Gordon & Betty Moore Foundation, US Department of Energy, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Noah Fierer
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
Making electrical contact along 1-D edge of 2-D materials
Dr. Cory Dean, assistant professor of physics at the City College of New York, is the lead author of a paper published today in the journal Science that demonstrates it is possible for an atomically thin two-dimensional material to have electrical contact along its one-dimensional edge. The contact architecture offers a new assembly technique for layered materials that prevents contamination at interfaces.
US Department of Defense, National Science Foundation, National Research Foundation of Korea

Contact: Ellis Simon
City College of New York

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
Cell Reports
Evolution of new species requires few genetic changes
Only a few genetic changes are needed to spur the evolution of new species -- even if the original populations are still in contact and exchanging genes. Once started, however, evolutionary divergence evolves rapidly, ultimately leading to fully genetically isolated species, report scientists from the University of Chicago in the Oct. 31 Cell Reports.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 31-Oct-2013
Global warming as viewed from the deep ocean
Yair Rosenthal of Rutgers, Braddock Linsley of Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, and Delia W. Oppo of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, used the shells of tiny single-celled, bottom-dwelling foraminifera found in sediment cores to reconstruct the Pacific Ocean's heat content over the last 10,000 years. Their paper has been published in Science.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Branson
732-932-7084 x633
Rutgers University

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
New SARS-like coronavirus discovered in Chinese horseshoe bats
EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit organization that focuses on local conservation and global health issues, announced the discovery of a new SARS-like coronavirus (CoV) in Chinese horseshoe bats.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anthony M. Ramos
EcoHealth Alliance

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Racing sperm to boost results of in vitro fertilization
With a three-year, $293,000 award from the National Science Foundation, a research team led by Erkan Tüzel, assistant professor of physics at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, will use computer simulations to optimize the design of a microfluidic sperm-sorting chip developed at Brigham and Women's Hospital that races sperm through a microscopic obstacle course to select those most likely to successfully fertilize an egg -- a technique that may significantly improve the success of in vitro fertilization.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Cohen
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Taking a cue from nature
Jeff Rymer, an assistant professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at the University of Houston, is working to control how zeolites grow in order to make them more efficient catalysts for commercial reactions.
United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Creating smaller, and more powerful, integrated circuits
Researchers with the University of Houston Cullen College of Engineering are developing technology to knock single atoms off a silicon wafer without disturbing atoms of other materials nearby.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
LUX Dark Matter Seminar
First results from LUX dark matter detector rule out some candidates
Results from the first run of the Large Underground Xenon (LUX) experiment operating a mile underground in the Black Hills of South Dakota, have proven the detector's sensitivity and ruled out some possible candidates for a dark matter particle.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
Listen up: Oysters may use sound to select a home
Oysters begin their lives as tiny drifters, but when they mature they settle on reefs. New research from North Carolina State University shows that the sounds of the reef may attract the young oysters, helping them locate their permanent home.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tracey Peake
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 30-Oct-2013
A first step in learning by imitation, baby brains respond to another's actions
Imitation may be the sincerest form of flattery for adults, but for babies it's their foremost tool for learning. Now researchers from the University of Washington and Temple University have found the first evidence revealing a key aspect of the brain processing that occurs in babies to allow this learning by observation.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Molly McElroy
University of Washington

Showing releases 676-700 out of 749.

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