National Science Foundation
Search NSF News:
 
{NSF_SLIDER}
NSF Main
NSF News
NSF Funded Research News
 
News by Research Area
Arctic & Antarctic
Astronomy & Space
Biology
Chemistry & Materials
Computing
Earth & Environment
Education
Engineering
Mathematics
Nanoscience
People & Society
Physics
 
At nsf.gov
Contacts Page
Multimedia Gallery
Media Advisories
Publications
Special Reports
Awards Search
Science & Engineering Stats
NSF & Congress
About NSF
RSS Feed RSS Feed
Back to EurekAlert! A Service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 676-700 out of 806.

[ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 ]

Public Release: 5-Mar-2015
Science
Nutrient pollution damages streams in ways previously unknown, ecologists find
An important food resource has been disappearing from streams without anyone noticing until now. In a new study published March 6 in the journal Science, a team of researchers led by University of Georgia ecologists reports that nutrient pollution causes a significant loss of forest-derived carbon from stream ecosystems, reducing the ability of streams to support aquatic life.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Gavrilles
bethgav@uga.edu
706-542-7247
University of Georgia

Public Release: 5-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
3-D imaging reveals hidden forces behind clogs, jams, avalanches, earthquakes
When you walk on the beach, the sand supports your weight like a solid. What happens to the forces between the sand grains when you step on them to keep you from sinking? Researchers have developed a new way to measure the forces inside materials such as sand, soil or snow under pressure. The technique uses lasers coupled with force sensors, cameras and advanced computer algorithms to measure the forces between neighboring particles in 3-D.
National Science Foundation, NASA, US Army Research Office

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 5-Mar-2015
Science
Distant supernova split 4 ways by gravitational lens
Astronomers now use massive galaxies and clusters of galaxies as magnifying lenses to study the early universe, but until now had never observed the brief flash of a supernova. UC Berkeley postdoc Patrick Kelly found such a supernova in images taken last year by the Hubble Space Telescope. The exploding star, about 9.3 billion light years from Earth, was split into a rare 'Einstein Cross,' a four-part image predicted by the General Theory of Relativity.
Christopher R. Redlich Fund, TABASGO Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 4-Mar-2015
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society
Usual prey gone, a fish survives by changing predictably
Without the Bahamas mosquitofish to eat, bigmouth sleepers slide down the food chain and survive on insects, snails and crustaceans. And, in so doing, sleepers' behaviors, ratio of males to females and physical appearance change, too.
National Science Foundation, University of Oklahoma, North Carolina State University

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-534-7183
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 4-Mar-2015
Nature
Why isn't the universe as bright as it should be?
This study explains why galaxies don't churn out as many stars as they should.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 4-Mar-2015
Science
Earliest known fossil of the genus Homo dates to 2.8 to 2.75 million years ago
The earliest known record of the genus Homo -- the human genus -- represented by a lower jaw with teeth, recently found in the Afar region of Ethiopia, dates to between 2.8 and 2.75 million years ago, according to an international team of geoscientists and anthropologists. They also dated other fossils to between 2.84 and 2.58 million years ago, which helped reconstruct the environment in which the individual lived.
National Science Foundation, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Society for Sedimentary Geology, Geological Society of America, Philanthropic Education Organization, Marie Curie CIG, A.v. Humboldt, Fyssen

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 4-Mar-2015
Science
Discovery of jaw by ASU team sheds light on early Homo
For decades, scientists have been searching for African fossils documenting the earliest phases of the Homo lineage, but specimens recovered from the critical time interval between 3 and 2.5 million years ago have been frustratingly few and often poorly preserved. However, a fossil lower jaw found in the Ledi-Geraru research area, Afar Regional State, Ethiopia, pushes back evidence for the human genus -- Homo -- to 2.8 million years ago.
National Science Foundation, Institute of Human Origins at Arizona State University, George Washington University Selective Excellence Program, AAPG, SE

Contact: William Kimbel
wkimbel.iho@asu.edu
480-727-6582
Arizona State University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Pennies reveal new insights on the nature of randomness
Researchers at Princeton University have developed an algorithm that creates truly disordered packings of pennies for the first time.
National Science Foundation, Simons Foundation

Contact: Tien Nguyen
tienn@princeton.edu
Princeton University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Breakthrough in particle control creates special half-vortex rotation
A breakthrough in the control of a type of particle known as the polariton has created a highly specialized form of rotation.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Corporate Comms
corporatecomms@strath.ac.uk
44-014-154-82370
University of Strathclyde

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
The Cryosphere
Combined Arctic ice observations show decades of loss
Historic submarine and modern satellite records show that average ice thickness in the central Arctic Ocean dropped by 65 percent from 1975 to 2012. September ice thickness, when the ice cover is at a minimum, dropped by 85 percent.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 3-Mar-2015
Communication Research
Vaccine skeptics aren't swayed by emotional scare tactics
On the heels of a nationwide measles outbreak comes a report that campaigns aimed at scaring people about the consequences of non-vaccination might not be as effective as many think. An upcoming article in the journal Communication Research challenges the popular assumption that emotional appeals have a wide, sweeping effect on people's health beliefs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Graham Dixon
graham.dixon@wsu.edu
509-335-6547
Washington State University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Some tropical plants pick the best hummingbirds to pollinate flowers
Rather than just waiting patiently for any pollinator that comes their way to start the next generation of seeds, some plants appear to recognize the best suitors and 'turn on' to increase the chance of success. Being picky may increase access to genetic diversity and thus give the plants a competitive advantage over their neighbors
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Betts
matthew.betts@oregonstate.edu
541-737-3841
Oregon State University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Nature Materials
The rub with friction
In a new paper in Nature Materials, Brandeis University professor Zvonomir Dogic and his lab explored friction at the microscopic level. They discovered that the force generating friction is much stronger than previously thought. The discovery is an important step toward understanding the physics of the cellular and molecular world and designing the next generation of microscopic and nanotechnologies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leah Burrows
lburrows@brandeis.edu
781-736-4027
Brandeis University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New technique improves forecasts for Canada's prized salmon fishery
A method developed by Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego researchers for analyzing and predicting nature's dynamic and interconnected systems has improved forecasts of populations of Fraser River Sockeye Salmon, a highly prized fishery in British Columbia.
National Science Foundation, Foundation for the Advancement of Outstanding Scholarship and Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan, NSF NOAA Comparative Analysis of Marine Ecosystem Organization Program

Contact: Mario Aguilera or Robert Monroe
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Current Biology
Sizing up cells: Study finds possible regulator of growth
Modern biology has attained deep knowledge of how cells work, but the mechanisms by which cellular structures assemble and grow to the right size largely remain a mystery. Now, Princeton University researchers may have found the key in a dynamic agglomeration of molecules inside cells.
National Institutes of Health, Searle Scholars Program, National Science Foundation, Damon Runyon Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: John Sullivan
js29@princeton.edu
609-258-4597
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Current Biology
Genome reveals how Hessian fly causes galls in wheat
A team of researchers from 26 institutions around the world has sequenced the Hessian fly genome, shedding light on how the insect creates growth-stunting galls in wheat.
US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture, National Science Foundation, Swedish Research Council, Royal Physiographic Society, Marie Curie International Outgoing Fellowship

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoos@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
ACS Nano
Colon + septic tank = unique, at times stinky, study
What do a human colon, septic tank, copper nanoparticles and zebrafish have in common? They were the key components used by researchers at the University of California, Riverside and UCLA to study the impact copper nanoparticles, which are found in everything from paint to cosmetics, have on organisms inadvertently exposed to them.
National Science Foundation, US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-1287
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Nature Photonics
Black phosphorus is new 'wonder material' for improving optical communication
In a new study, researchers from the University of Minnesota used an ultrathin black phosphorus film -- only 20 layers of atoms -- to demonstrate high-speed data communication on nanoscale optical circuits.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Rhonda Zurn
rzurn@umn.edu
612-626-7959
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Nature
Unlocking the key to immunological memory in bacteria
A powerful genome editing tool may soon become even more powerful. Berkeley Lab researchers have unlocked the key to how bacteria are able to 'steal' genetic information from viruses and other foreign invaders for use in their own immunological memory system.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lynn Yarris
lcyarris@lbl.gov
510-486-5375
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
Forbidden quantum leaps possible with high-res spectroscopy
A new twist on an old tool lets scientists use light to study and control matter with 1,000 times better resolution and precision than previously possible.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
734-647-7087
University of Michigan

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
NSF CAREER award to Wayne State aims to determine causes of seismic anisotropy
Wayne State University's Sarah Jo Brownlee, Ph.D., assistant professor of geology in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, has been awarded a National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Award, the foundation's most prestigious accolade for up-and-coming young faculty members.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie O'Connor
julie.oconnor@wayne.edu
313-577-8845
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
IEEE Transactions on Robotics
Clever application of magnetic force enhances laparoscopic surgery
A team of Vanderbilt engineers is using magnetic force to design new and improved instruments for minimally invasive surgery. The use of magnetic actuation allows them to create tools that are more flexible and more powerful than conventional designs, which place the instruments on the end of long sticks. The first device of this type that they have designed is an organ retractor that repositions organs like the liver when required for an operation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Addiction
The more friends you drink with ... the more you drink
A new study published today by the scientific journal Addiction shows that alcohol consumption of individuals appears to increase with the number of friends in their drinking group.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Jean O'Reilly
jean@addictionjournal.org
44-207-848-0853
Wiley

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Chemical Communications
Patent awarded for compounds that inhibit biofilm formation and persistence
University of Maryland researchers have developed chemical compounds that enhance the effectiveness of conventional antibiotics and inhibit the formation and persistence of biofilms. On Feb. 10, 2015, the researchers were awarded US Patent 8,952,192 for the compounds.
National Science Foundation, Camille & Henry Dreyfus Foundation

Contact: Abby Robinson
abbyr@umd.edu
301-405-5845
University of Maryland

Public Release: 2-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Water in smog may reveal pollution sources
The chemical signature of water vapor emitted by combustion sources such as vehicles and furnaces has been found in the smoggy winter inversions that often choke Salt Lake City. The discovery may give researchers a new tool to track down the sources of pollutants and climate-changing carbon dioxide gas.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
lee.siegel@utah.edu
801-244-5399
University of Utah

Showing releases 676-700 out of 806.

[ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 ]

  Highlights
Science360 Science360 News Service
Sponsored by the National Science Foundation, Science360 News is an up-to-date view of breaking science news from around the world. We gather news from wherever science is happening, including directly from scientists, college and university press offices, popular and peer-reviewed journals, dozens of National Science Foundation science and engineering centers, and funding sources that include government agencies, not-for-profit organizations and private industry.
Science360 Science for Everyone
The Science360 Video Library immerses visitors in the latest wonders of science, engineering, technology and math. Each video is embeddable for use on your website, blog or social media page.
NAGC Winner - Jellyfish NSF Exclusive Special Reports
From "Understanding the Brain" to "Engineering Agriculture's Future", these in-depth, Web-based reports explore the frontiers of science and engineering.