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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 676-700 out of 892.

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Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Neural Computation
Georgia Tech researchers demonstrate how the brain can handle so much data
Researchers at Georgia Tech discovered that humans can categorize data using less than 1 percent of the original information, and validated an algorithm to explain human learning -- a method that also can be used for machine learning, data analysis and computer vision.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tara La Bouff
tlabouff@cc.gatech.edu
404-894-7253
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Scientific Reports
East Antarctic Ice Sheet has stayed frozen for 14 million years, Penn team reports
In a new study in Scientific Reports, University of Pennsylvania researchers use an innovative technique to date one of Antarctica's ancient lake deposits. They found that the deposits have remained frozen for at least the last 14 million years, suggesting that the surrounding region, the East Antarctic Ice Sheet, or EAIS, has likewise remained intact.
University of Pennsylvania, North Dakota State University, National Science Foundation

Contact: Katherine Unger Baillie
kbaillie@upenn.edu
215-898-9194
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Nature Geoscience
Study: Current climate models misrepresent El Niño
Climate models incorrectly predict El Nińo, according to a new study.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Gamma rays from distant galaxy tell story of an escape
A flare of very high-energy gamma rays emitted from a galaxy halfway across the universe has put new bounds on the amount of background light in the universe and given astrophysicists clues to how and where such gamma rays are produced.
DOE, NSF, NASA, NSERC, Smithsonian

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Nature Materials
Transparent metal films for smart phone, tablet and TV displays
A new material that is both highly transparent and electrically conductive could make large screen displays, smart windows and even touch screens and solar cells more affordable and efficient, according to the Penn State materials scientists and engineers who discovered it.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Department of Energy

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Hydricity' concept uses solar energy to produce power round-the-clock
Researchers are proposing a new 'hydricity' concept aimed at creating a sustainable economy by not only generating electricity with solar energy but also producing and storing hydrogen from superheated water for round-the-clock power production.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Emil Venere
venere@purdue.edu
765-494-4709
Purdue University

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
eLife
Novel imaging technique captures beauty of metal-labeled neurons in 3-D
Researchers have discovered a dazzling new method of visualizing neurons that promises to benefit neuroscientists and cell biologists alike: by using spectral confocal microscopy to image tissues impregnated with silver or gold.
National Science Foundation, Agness Scott College Gravatt, University of Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station

Contact: Emily Packer
e.packer@elifesciences.org
01-223-855-373
eLife

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
2015 AGU Fall Meeting
Three miles high: Using drones to study high-altitude glaciers
While some dream of the day that aerial drones deliver their online purchases, scientists are using the technology today to deliver data that was never available before. About 5,000 meters high in the Peruvian Andes, the scientists are mapping glaciers and wetlands in the Cordillera Blanca mountain range with 10-centimeter precision to gauge how climate change will affect the half-million local residents who rely in part on those glaciers for their water supply.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Psychological Science
We infer a speaker's social identity from subtle linguistic cues
When we speak, we 'leak' information about our social identity through the nuanced language that we use to describe others, according to new research in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. This research shows that people can infer a speaker's social identity (e.g., political party affiliation) from how the speaker uses abstract or concrete terms to describe someone else's behavior.
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 15-Dec-2015
Immunity
Why the flu vaccine is less effective in the elderly
Around this time every year, the flu virus infects up to one-fifth of the US population and kills thousands of people, many of them elderly. A study published by Cell Press on Dec. 15, 2015, in Immunity now explains why the flu vaccine is less effective at protecting older individuals. More broadly, the findings reveal novel molecular signatures that could be used to predict which individuals are most likely to respond positively to vaccination.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Joseph Caputo
jcaputo@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 14-Dec-2015
2015 AGU Fall Meeting
Some gas produced by hydraulic fracturing comes from surprise source
Some of the natural gas harvested by hydraulic fracturing operations may be of biological origin -- made by microorganisms inadvertently injected into shale by oil and gas companies during the hydraulic fracturing process, a new study has found.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 14-Dec-2015
Clemson researchers receive NSF grant to examine impacts of conservation easements
A team of Clemson University researchers has received $850,000 from the National Science Foundation for a four-year comprehensive study of conservation easements in the United States.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Caitlin Dyckman
cdyckma@clemson.edu
864-656-2496
Clemson University

Public Release: 14-Dec-2015
PeerJ Computer Science
Social media news consumers at higher risk of 'information bubbles,' IU study says
The first large-scale empirical analysis of online news-seeking behavior, conducted at Indiana University, has found that people who seek out news and information from social media are at higher risk of becoming trapped in a 'collective social bubble' compared to using search engines.
National Science Foundation, James S. McDonnell Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 14-Dec-2015
Evolutionary Anthropology
Humans evolved to get better sleep in less time
Insomniacs take heart: Humans get by on significantly less sleep than our closest animal relatives. The secret, according to a new study of slumber patterns across 21 species of primates, is that our sleep is more efficient.
National Science Foundation, Duke University

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 14-Dec-2015
EBioMedicine
Altered microbiome burns fewer calories
A new University of Iowa study in mice shows that drug-induced changes to the gut microbiome can cause obesity by reducing the resting metabolic rate -- the calories burned while sleeping or resting.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Diseases, American Heart Association, American Diabetes Association, National Science Foundation, and others

Contact: Jennifer Brown
jennifer-l-brown@uiowa.edu
319-335-3590
University of Iowa Health Care

Public Release: 14-Dec-2015
Nature Materials
Spintronics, low-energy electricity take a step closer
EPFL scientists have discovered a new topological insulator that could be used in future electronic technologies.
Swiss National Science Foundation, European Research Council, NCCR-MARVEL, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, US Department of Energy, Carl-Zeiss Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 14-Dec-2015
Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
A well-preserved skeleton reveals the ecology and evolution of early carnivorous mammals
Prior to the rise of modern-day mammalian carnivores, North America was dominated by a now-extinct group of mammalian carnivores -- the hyaenodontids. While fossils of hyaenodontids are relatively common from the early Eocene Epoch -- between 50 million and 55 million years ago -- most of these are specimens of teeth. A new find of a nearly complete skeleton has allowed for a more detailed study of the ecology and evolutionary relationships of these early carnivores.
National Geographic Society, National Science Foundation

Contact: Catherine Gara
ckolf@jhmi.edu
443-287-2251
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 14-Dec-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Precise method underlies sloppy madness of dog slurping
Using photography and laboratory simulations, researchers studied how dogs raise fluids into their mouths to drink. They discovered that sloppy-looking actions at the dog bowl are in fact high-speed, precisely timed movements that optimize a dogs' ability to acquire fluids.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Pastor
jdpastor@vt.edu
540-231-5646
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 14-Dec-2015
Nature
Genes for age-related cognitive decline found in adult worm neurons
Researchers from Princeton University have identified genes important for age-related cognitive declines in memory in adult worm neurons, which had not been studied previously. The research, published today in the journal Nature, could eventually point the way toward therapies to extend life and enhance health in aging human populations.
National Institutes of Health, Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Awards, National Science Foundation, New Jersey Commission on Brain Injury Research

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 14-Dec-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Small fish species evolved rapidly following 1964 Alaska earthquake
Evolution can happen quickly. Consider a tiny fish species that evolved within decades -- both in its genome and external phenotypic traits -- after the 1964 Alaskan earthquake as discovered by University of Oregon scientists.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 14-Dec-2015
21st Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals: Bridging the Past Toward the Future
Science
First brain scans of sea lions give clues to strandings
Brain scans and behavioral tests of California sea lions that stranded on shore show how an algal toxin disrupts brain networks, leading to deficits in spatial memory.
National Science Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 14-Dec-2015
Cancer Cell
Treating colon cancer with vitamin A
Scientists at EPFL have identified the biological pathway behind the growth of colon cancer, and were able block it with vitamin A.
EMBO, Swiss League against Cancer, Swiss National Science Foundation, The National Centre of Competence in Research in Molecular Oncology

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 14-Dec-2015
21st Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals: Bridging the Past Toward the Future
Science
Sea lions exposed to algal toxin show impaired spatial memory
California sea lions exposed to the algal toxin domoic acid can suffer brain damage that leads to significant deficits in spatial memory. The new findings suggest that chronic exposure to the toxin, produced by naturally occurring marine algae, causes impairments that are likely to affect sea lions' ability to navigate in their ocean habitat and survive in the wild.
National Science Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 11-Dec-2015
Nature Communications
Cooperative catalysts offer unique route to alkenes
Chemists at Princeton have developed a new chemical approach to dehydrogenation, a reaction found in important processes such as the biosynthesis of essential fatty acids in the body and the commercial production of detergents, that combines the various advantages from existing methods.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tien Nguyen
tienn@princeton.edu
609-258-6523
Princeton University

Public Release: 11-Dec-2015
Nature Communications
Study finds there is less knowledge about global species diversity than previously assumed
Many of the previous studies on global species diversity are inaccurate. These are the conclusions of an international research group, led by Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg in collaboration with the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research Halle - Jena - Leipzig (iDiv), which carried out a long-term study on biodiversity in the subtropical forests of China.
German Research Foundation, Sino-German Centre for Research Promotion, National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Tilo Arnhold
presse@idiv.de
49-341-973-3197
German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig

Showing releases 676-700 out of 892.

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