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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 676-700 out of 852.

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Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Ecological Applications
Make your home a home for the birds
The landscaping plants chosen by residents for their yards plays a much greater role in the diversity of native birds in suburban neighborhoods than do the surrounding parks, forest preserves, or streetside trees, say biologists at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
National Science Foundation, University of Illinois at Chicago's Department of Biological Sciences Elmer 461 Hadley Graduate Research Award

Contact: Jeanne Galatzer-Levy
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
UT Arlington nanopillar fabrication to lead to more efficient electronics
A University of Texas at Arlington engineering researcher will build nanoscale pillars that will lead to more energy-efficient transistors in electronic devices and gadgets.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Microbes help produce serotonin in gut
Although serotonin is well known as a brain neurotransmitter, it is estimated that 90 percent of the body's serotonin is made in the digestive tract. In fact, altered levels of this peripheral serotonin has been linked to diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome, cardiovascular disease, and osteoporosis. New research at Caltech, published in the April 9 issue of Cell, shows that certain bacteria in the gut are important for the production of peripheral serotonin.
National Institutes of Health, Caltech Center for Environmental Microbial Interactions Award, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
American Physical Society April Meeting
Physical Review Letters
Flip-flopping black holes spin to the end of the dance
Researchers at Rochester Institute of Technology simulated the merger of binary black holes and noticed that one black hole completely changes the orientation of its spin. Their findings have could affect how we understand galactic evolution, cosmology and gravitational physics. Physical Review Letters published the research results, which the authors will present at the American Physical Society meeting on April 14.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
'Warm blob' in Pacific Ocean linked to weird weather across the US
An unusually warm patch of surface water, nicknamed 'the blob' when it emerged in early 2014, is part of a Pacific Ocean pattern that may be affecting everything from West Coast fisheries and water supplies to East Coast snowstorms.
NOAA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Every dogwood has its day: Dogwood Genome Project calls on citizen scientists for help
The flowering dogwood tree is associated with the beginning of spring throughout much of the US. Now, thanks in part to a $1.4 million grant from the National Science Foundation, a group of researchers from universities across the Southeast have joined forces to understand the genetics of this iconic tree. For their project to be a success, the researchers will have to collect data, and they're asking dogwood lovers and science enthusiasts to help.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Leebens-Mack
University of Georgia

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
NSF brings together UT Dallas computer scientists, industry for new tech hub
UT Dallas computer scientists hope that funding from the National Science Foundation to create an Industry/University Cooperative Research Center will help the Dallas area become a research hub for technology that enhances human abilities.
National Science Foundation

Contact: LaKisha Ladson
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Psychological Science
Shakespeare's plays reveal his psychological signature
Applying psychological theory and text-analyzing software, researchers at the University of Texas at Austin have discovered a unique psychological profile that characterizes Shakespeare's established works, and this profile strongly identifies Shakespeare as an author of the long-contested play Double Falsehood.
Army Research Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 9-Apr-2015
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A
Amniotic stem cells demonstrate healing potential
Scientists use stem cells derived from amniotic fluid to promote the growth of robust, functional blood vessels in healing hydrogels.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 8-Apr-2015
What can brain-controlled prosthetics tell us about the brain?
The field of neuroprosthetics has grown significantly over the past two decades thanks to advancements in technology. Karen Moxon, Ph.D., a Drexel University biomedical engineer working at the leading edge of the field contends that these devices are also opening a new portal for researchers to understand how the brain functions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Britt Faulstick
Drexel University

Public Release: 8-Apr-2015
Advanced Materials
Inkjet-printed liquid metal could bring wearable tech, soft robotics
New research shows how inkjet-printing technology can be used to mass-produce electronic circuits made of liquid-metal alloys for 'soft robots' and flexible electronics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Emil Venere
Purdue University

Public Release: 8-Apr-2015
Scientists predict gradual, prolonged permafrost greenhouse gas emissions
A new scientific synthesis suggests a gradual, prolonged release of greenhouse gases from permafrost soils in Arctic and sub-Arctic regions, which may afford society more time to adapt to environmental changes, say scientists in an April 9 paper published in Nature.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Marie Thoms
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 8-Apr-2015
Bacteria inhibit bat-killing fungus, could combat white-nose syndrome
Bacteria found naturally on some bats may prove useful in controlling the deadly fungal disease known as white-nose syndrome, which has devastated bat populations throughout eastern North America and continues to spread across the continent. Scientists at UC Santa Cruz isolated bacteria that strongly inhibited the growth of the white-nose syndrome fungus in laboratory tests.
US Fish and Wildlife Service, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 7-Apr-2015
Six from CCNY named NSF Graduate Research Fellows
Danielle G. Rivera, a master of Science in biology major at The City College of New York and five recent CCNY graduates have been awarded National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowships.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jay Mwamba
City College of New York

Public Release: 7-Apr-2015
Nature Scientific Reports
Swimming algae offer Penn researchers insights into living fluid dynamics
None of us would be alive if sperm cells didn't know how to swim, or if the cilia in our lungs couldn't prevent fluid buildup. But we know very little about the dynamics of so-called 'living fluids,' those containing cells, microorganisms or other biological structures.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 7-Apr-2015
Nature Neuroscience
The rest of the brain gets in the way
In a new study, researchers measured the connections between different brain regions as participants learned to play a simple game. The differences in neural activity between the quickest and slowest learners provide new insight into what is happening in the brain during the learning process and the role that interactions between different regions play. Their findings suggest that recruiting unnecessary parts of the brain for a given task, akin to over-thinking the problem, plays a critical role in this difference.
The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Army Research Laboratory, Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Army Research Office

Contact: Evan Lerner
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 7-Apr-2015
Nature Communications
New study hints at spontaneous appearance of primordial DNA
The self-organization properties of DNA-like molecular fragments four billion years ago may have guided their own growth into repeating chemical chains long enough to act as a basis for primitive life, says a new study by the University of Colorado Boulder and the University of Milan.
Italian Ministries of Education, Universities and Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Noel Clark
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 7-Apr-2015
Gotcha! Ultra-realistic robot proves there's more than 1 way to scare a fish
Researchers have published the first study showing that, in a side-by-side comparison, a robotic predator can frighten zebrafish just as well as the real thing. Their results may help advance understanding of fear and anxiety in animal populations, including humans. Zebrafish are increasingly taking the place of more complex animals in behavioral studies. Experiments have shown the advantages of using robots in studies of fish behavior, including repeatability and consistency.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering

Public Release: 7-Apr-2015
Nature Communications
Sun experiences seasonal changes, new research finds
The sun undergoes a type of seasonal variability with its activity waxing and waning over the course of nearly two years, new research concludes. This behavior affects the peaks and valleys in the approximately 11-year solar cycle, sometimes amplifying and sometimes weakening the solar storms that can buffet Earth's atmosphere.
NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Hosansky
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 7-Apr-2015
Purging a virus from organ transplants
EPFL scientists have discovered the switch that can awake a dormant cytomegalovirus, a dreadful pathogen in immuno-compromised patients. The switch can be controlled with common drugs, opening a new strategy for purging the virus from organ transplants.
Swiss National Science Foundation, European Research Council

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 6-Apr-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sound separates cancer cells from blood samples
Separating circulating cancer cells from blood cells for diagnostic, prognostic and treatment purposes may become much easier using an acoustic separation method and an inexpensive, disposable chip, according to a team of engineers.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 6-Apr-2015
Nature Nanotechnology
Researchers create first metal-free catalyst for rechargeable zinc-air batteries
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University and the University of North Texas have made what they believe is the first metal-free bifunctional electrocatalyst that performs as well or better than most metal and metal oxide electrodes in zinc-air batteries.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research. National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 6-Apr-2015
Biomedical Optics Express
How do you feel? Video of your face may tell all
Rice University researchers are developing a touch-free system that monitors patients' vital signs via video while compensating for skin tone, lighting and movement.
National Science Foundation, Texas Instruments Fellowship, Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, Rice University

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 6-Apr-2015
BMC Systems Biology
Cells exercise suboptimal strategy to survive
Analysis of suboptimal metabolic pathways gives a more realistic picture of why organisms are able to adapt to new environments, according to researchers at Rice University studying systemic response to hypoxia and exercise.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 6-Apr-2015
Ecology Letters
Northern coastal marshes more vulnerable to nutrient pollution
Salt marshes at higher latitudes, including those in densely populated coastal regions of New England and Europe, are more vulnerable to the effects of eutrophication, which, if left unchecked, can trigger intense overgrazing by marsh herbivores that can destabilize marshes and reduce their ability to defend shorelines from erosion. Geography and evolution both play roles in making these marshes more susceptible to nutrient loading and overgrazing than their counterparts in the tropics.
National Science Foundation, Edward S. Stolarz Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Showing releases 676-700 out of 852.

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