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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 726-750 out of 854.

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Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
New technology to treat sepsis, a global killer
Engineers are developing a new technology that they believe could revolutionize the treatment and prevention of sepsis. This 'hidden killer' in the United States actually kills more people every year than AIDS, prostate cancer and breast cancer combined.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Adam Higgins
Oregon State University

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Advanced Materials
Carbon-fiber epoxy honeycombs mimic the material performance of balsa wood
Materials scientists at Harvard SEAS have developed cellular composite materials of unprecedented light weight and stiffness.
BASF, National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Karoff
Harvard University

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Biological Chemistry
UMN research uncovers structure, protein elements critical to human function and disease
New structures discovered within cilia show a relationship between certain proteins and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. The discovery, made at the University of Minnesota, was named paper of the week in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, and sheds new light on the microstructure of cilia.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Characterization Facility, UMN

Contact: Caroline Marin
University of Minnesota Academic Health Center

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Stanley Miller's forgotten experiments, analyzed
Stanley Miller, the chemist whose landmark experiment published in 1953 showed how some of the molecules of life could have formed on a young Earth, left behind boxes of experimental samples that he never analyzed. The first-ever analysis of some of Miller's old samples has revealed another way that important molecules could have formed on early Earth.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Brett Israel
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society A
Mathematical models explain how a wrinkle becomes a crease
Wrinkles, creases and folds are everywhere in nature, from the surface of human skin to the buckled crust of the Earth. They can also be useful structures for engineers. Wrinkles in thin films, for example, can help make durable circuit boards for flexible electronics. A new mathematical model developed by researchers from Brown University could help engineers control the formation of wrinkle, crease, and fold structures in a wide variety of materials. It may also help scientists understand how these structures form in nature.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Annual Conference
Carnegie Mellon method automatically cuts boring parts from long videos
Smartphones, GoPro cameras and Google Glass are making it easy for anyone to shoot video anywhere. But, they do not make it any easier to watch the tedious videos that can result. Carnegie Mellon University computer scientists, however, have invented a video highlighting technique that can automatically pick out the good parts.
National Science Foundation, Google, Office of Naval Research, US Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Byron Spice
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Study links Greenland ice sheet collapse, sea level rise 400,000 years ago
A new study suggests that a warming period more than 400,000 years ago pushed the Greenland ice sheet past its stability threshold, resulting in a nearly complete deglaciation of southern Greenland and raising global sea levels some four to six meters.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anders Carlson
Oregon State University

Public Release: 25-Jun-2014
Lowering toxicity of new HIV drugs predicted to improve life expectancy
While bringing new drugs to market is important for increasing life expectancy in younger people with HIV, lowering the toxicity of those drugs may have an even greater health impact on all HIV patients, a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health analysis reveals.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Allison Hydzik
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 24-Jun-2014
Nature Scientific Reports
UT Arlington nanoparticles could provide easier route for cell therapy
UT Arlington physics researchers may have developed a way to use laser technology to deliver drug and gene therapy at the cellular level without damaging surrounding tissue. The method eventually could help patients suffering from genetic conditions, cancers and neurological diseases.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Traci Peterson
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 24-Jun-2014
Next generation internet will arrive without fanfare, network architects say
UMass Amherst's Arun Venkataramani is the lead architect for one of the many research teams funded by the National Science Foundation who are now developing and testing next-generation hardware, software and applications to address difficult, systemic shortcomings of the old Internet. He and colleagues at UMass Amherst recently received a two-year, $1.35 million NSF grant for the next phase of the MobilityFirst project.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 24-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
Metal particles in solids aren't as fixed as they seem, new memristor study shows
In work that unmasks some of the magic behind memristors and 'resistive random access memory,' or RRAM -- cutting-edge computer components that combine logic and memory functions -- researchers have shown that the metal particles in memristors don't stay put as previously thought.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
University of Michigan

Public Release: 24-Jun-2014
Regional anesthesia cuts length of stay, mortality vs. general anesthesia in hip fracture surgery
Patients who received regional anesthesia during hip fracture surgery had moderately lower mortality and a significantly lower length of stay than those who received general anesthesia, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. In a related study published in JAMA Internal Medicine this week, the team also reported high rates of mortality and functional disability among nursing home residents treated for hip fracture.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
NSF grant funds UTA electrical engineer's bladder cancer detection device
A multi-institutional research team has received a $480,000 National Science Foundation grant to build an inexpensive device that uses nanotechnology and a simple urine test to detect the most miniscule amount of bladder cancer cells in a patient.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
Learning and Memory
UCI study finds that learning by repetition impairs recall of details
UC Irvine neurobiologists Zachariah Reagh and Michael Yassa have found that while repetition enhances the factual content of memories, it can reduce the amount of detail stored with those memories. This means that with repeated recall, nuanced aspects may fade away.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Science Foundation Division of Graduate Education

Contact: Tom Vasich
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
Cell Reports
Long non-coding RNAs can encode proteins after all
Case Western Reserve School of Medicine scientists have made an extraordinary double discovery. First, they have identified thousands of novel long non-coding ribonucleic acid transcripts. Second, they have learned that some of them defy conventional wisdom regarding lncRNA transcripts, because they actually do direct the synthesis of proteins in cells. Both of the breakthroughs are detailed in the June 12 issue of Cell Reports.
NIH, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Rett syndrome drug shows promise in clinical trial
MIT neuroscientists report more detail on how the disease arises.
National Eye Institute, NIH, Simons Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
Nature Nanotechnology
Measuring the mass of 'massless' electrons
Graphene, a one-atom-thick carbon sheet, has taken the world of physics by storm -- in part, because its electrons behave as massless particles. Yet these electrons seem to have dual personalities.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology

Contact: Caroline Perry
Harvard University

Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
ISWC 2014: The 18th International Symposium on Wearable Computers
Wearable computing gloves can teach Braille, even if you're not paying attention
Georgia Tech researchers are using a wearable computing technology to help people learn how to read and write Braille. Those learning the skills are able to do so while concentrating on something else.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jason Maderer
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Tom Sawyer' regulatory protein initiates gene transcription in a hit-and-run mechanism
A team of genome scientists has identified a 'hit-and-run' mechanism that allows regulatory proteins in the nucleus to adopt a 'Tom Sawyer' behavior when it comes to the work of initiating gene activation.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 20-Jun-2014
Sociology of Religion
Church-going is not enough to affect job satisfaction and commitment, Baylor study finds
A congregation's beliefs about work attitudes and practices affect a churchgoer on the job -- but how much depends in part on how involved that person is in the congregation, according to a Baylor University study funded by the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Terry Goodrich
Baylor University

Public Release: 19-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Neurons get their neighbors to take out their trash
Biologists have long considered cells to function like self-cleaning ovens, chewing up and recycling their own worn out parts as needed. But a new study shows that some nerve cells found in the eye pass off their old energy-producing factories to neighboring support cells to be 'eaten.' The find, which may bear on the roots of glaucoma, also has implications for Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and other diseases that involve a buildup of 'garbage' in brain cells.
NEI, NIGMS, National Center for Research Resources, NIDA, NSF, Glaucoma Research Foundation

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 19-Jun-2014
Rice's Thomann wins CAREER grant to study photocatalysis
Rice University scientist Isabell Thomann's research encompasses chemistry, optics, electrical engineering and other areas, but a new CAREER Award from the National Science Foundation will give her the chance to focus her energies on finding new ways to use sunlight to reduce the carbon footprint of power plants.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 19-Jun-2014
Nature Protocols
Seeing the inner workings of the brain made easier by new technique from Stanford
Bio-X scientists have improved on their original technique for peering into the intact brain, making it more reliable and safer. The results could help scientists unravel the inner connections of how thoughts, memories or diseases arise.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Simons Foundation

Contact: Amy Adams
Stanford University

Public Release: 19-Jun-2014
UV-induced beta-endorphin production causes addiction-like symptoms in mice
A new study from Massachusetts General Hospital investigators adds important support to the theory that ultraviolet light can actually be addictive, finding that chronic UV exposure raises circulating levels of beta-endorphin in mice and that UV-habituated mice exhibit withdrawal symptoms if beta-endorphin activity is blocked.
National Institutes of Health, Melanoma Research Alliance, US-Israel Binational Science Foundation, Adelson Medical Research Foundation

Contact: Terri Ogan
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Evolution depends on rare chance events, 'molecular time travel' experiments show
While historians can only speculate on what might have been, a team of evolutionary biologists studying ancient proteins has turned speculation into experiment. They resurrected an ancient ancestor of an important human protein as it existed hundreds of millions of years ago and then used biochemical methods to generate and characterize a huge number of alternative histories that could have ensued from that ancient starting point.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Showing releases 726-750 out of 854.

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