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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 726-750 out of 752.

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Public Release: 24-Oct-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Physicists decode decision circuit of cancer metastasis
Researchers from Rice University's Center for Theoretical Biological Physics have deciphered the operating principles of a genetic circuit that allows cancer to metastasize. The study revealed that the decision circuit has three settings, an oddity that could open the door to cancer treatments that disrupt the circuit.
National Science Foundation, Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, Tauber Family Funds at Tel Aviv University

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 24-Oct-2013
Science
Increasing toxicity of algal blooms tied to nutrient enrichment and climate change
Nutrient enrichment and climate change are posing yet another concern of growing importance: an apparent increase in the toxicity of some algal blooms in freshwater lakes and estuaries around the world, which threatens aquatic organisms, ecosystem health and human drinking water safety.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Otten
ottent@onid.orst.edu
541-737-1796
Oregon State University

Public Release: 23-Oct-2013
Geophysical Research Letters
CU-Boulder study shows unprecedented warmth in Arctic
Average summer temperatures in the Eastern Canadian Arctic during the last 100 years are higher now than during any century in the past 44,000 years and perhaps as long ago as 120,000 years, says a new University of Colorado Boulder study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gifford Miller
gmiller@colorado.edu
303-990-2071
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 23-Oct-2013
Computer scientist to mine electronic medical record data for better healthcare
A UT Arlington computer scientist is leading a new, National Science Foundation project to mine electronic medical records data to help physicians personalize patient treatment, predict health care needs and identify risks that can lead to readmission.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 23-Oct-2013
SIGCOMM Internet Measurement Conference
USC study: Google search serves users from 600 percent more locations than a year ago
Google search has dramatically increased the number of sites around the world from which it serves client queries.
National Science Foundation, Department of Homeland Security, and others

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 23-Oct-2013
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Early-life exposure of frogs to herbicide increases mortality from fungal disease
A new study shows the herbicide atrazine increased mortality from chytridiomycosis, a disease causing worldwide amphibian declines.
US Department of Agriculture, US Environmental Protection Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Vickie Chachere
vchachere@usf.edu
813-974-6251
University of South Florida (USF Health)

Public Release: 23-Oct-2013
ChemWiki takes on costly textbooks
The hefty college textbook, weighty in both pounds and dollars, has long been a staple of student life. But UC Davis chemistry professor Delmar Larsen is on a mission to replace textbooks with an online, open e-textbook network. Larsen's "ChemWiki," launched in 2008 on a shoestring budget, now nets over 2 million visitors a month. Now a $250,000 grant from the National Science Foundation will help test ChemWiki against traditional chemistry textbooks.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 23-Oct-2013
Regenerative Medicine
Study finds natural compound can be used for 3-D printing of medical implants
Biomedical engineering researchers have discovered that a naturally-occurring compound can be incorporated into three-dimensional printing processes to create medical implants out of non-toxic polymers. The compound is riboflavin, which is better known as vitamin B2.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 22-Oct-2013
Scientific Reports
New device stores electricity on silicon chips
Solar cells that produce electricity 24/7. Cell phones with built-in power cells that recharge in seconds and work for weeks between charges: These are just two of the possibilities raised by a novel supercapacitor design invented by material scientists at Vanderbilt University.
National Science Foundation, Army Research Office

Contact: David F. Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 22-Oct-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Baby's innate number sense predicts future math skill
A new study from Duke suggests that the strength of an infant's innate sense of numerical quantities can be predictive of that child's mathematical abilities three years later.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, James McDonnell Scholar Award

Contact: Karl Leif Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 22-Oct-2013
Applied Physics Letters
Researchers advance scheme to design seamless integrated circuits etched on graphene
UCSB researchers have introduced an integrated circuit design scheme in which transistors and interconnects are monolithically patterned seamlessly on a sheet of graphene, a 2-D plane of carbon atoms.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melissa Van De Werfhorst
melissa@engineering.ucsb.edu
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 22-Oct-2013
Nature Photonics
Hydrogel implant enables light-based communication with cells inside the body
As researchers develop novel therapies based on inducing specific cells to do specific things, getting the right message to the right group of cells at the right time remains a major challenge. Now researchers at the Wellman Center for Photomedicine at Massachusetts General Hospital have developed a way to deliver a light signal to specific cells deep within the body.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, US Department of Defense

Contact: Sue McGreevey
smcgreevey@partners.org
617-724-2764
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 22-Oct-2013
Mercyhurst, Vanderbilt research targets supervolcanoes
Mercyhurst and Vanderbilt universities are collaborating on a new study intended to augment the understanding of what led to volcanic supereruptions in the past so as to predict similar events.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Debbie Morton
dmorton@mercyhurst.edu
814-824-2552
Mercyhurst College

Public Release: 22-Oct-2013
2 online science video pioneers combine to form new iBiology.org
Two pioneering online biology video sites, iBioSeminars and iBioMagazine, have merged to create iBiology.org, a new website with even more to offer the biology community.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: John Fleischman
jfleischman@ascb.org
513-706-0212
American Society for Cell Biology

Public Release: 21-Oct-2013
UMass Amherst physics professor wins grant to study organization inside cell's space
Physicist Jennifer Ross of UMass Amherst recently won a four-year, $800,000 INSPIRE award from NSF to uncover and establish the laws for the fundamental workings of cells, which form the basis of tissues in plants, animals and humans. She will partner with cellular biophysicist Margaret Gardel of the University of Chicago in the research, which they say offers "endless, yet measureable," broad and positive possibilities for discovery in both life and physical sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 21-Oct-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Atomically thin device promises new class of electronics
Northwestern University researchers have taken a significant step toward fabricating complex nanoscale electronics: the creation of a p-n heterojunction diode, a fundamental building block of modern electronics.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 21-Oct-2013
Physical Review X
A chameleon in the physics lab
Active camouflage has taken a step forward at Harvard, with a new coating that intrinsically conceals its own temperature to thermal cameras.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Caroline Perry
cperry@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard University

Public Release: 21-Oct-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A natural boost for MRI scans
Using an innocuous agent that is already naturally produced in the body, EPFL researchers have developed a breakthrough method that can make contrast-enhanced MRI safer and cheaper.
Swiss National Science Foundation, National Competence Center for Biomedical Imaging, CIBM, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Université de Lausanne, University of Geneva, HUG, Fondation Louis-Jeantet, and others

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-216-932-105
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 21-Oct-2013
Ecosphere
In Nepal, villagers' land uses help people and tigers, study finds
Hopeful signs that humans and critically endangered tigers can coexist are emerging in rural Nepal, where a new study by conservation scientist Neil Carter shows that when Nepalese villagers are empowered to make local land management decisions, the results benefit both people and tigers.
National Science Foundation, US Fish and Wildlife Service, NASA

Contact: Melissa Andreychek
mandreychek@sesync.org
412-680-1277
University of Maryland

Public Release: 21-Oct-2013
Nature Communications
CWRU makes nanodiamonds in ambient conditions
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to cheaply make nanodiamonds on a lab bench at atmospheric pressure and near room temperature. The nanodiamonds are formed directly from a gas and require no surface to grow on.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
kevin.mayhood@case.edu
216-534-7183
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 21-Oct-2013
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Risk of Amazon rainforest dieback is higher than IPCC projects
A new study suggests the southern portion of the Amazon rainforest is at a much higher risk of dieback due to stronger seasonal drying than projections made by the climate models used in the latest report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
National Science Foundation, NOAA

Contact: Marc Airhart
mairhart@jsg.utexas.edu
512-471-2241
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 20-Oct-2013
Nature Neuroscience
Rats! Humans and rodents process their mistakes
What happens when the brain recognizes an error? A new study shows that the brains of humans and rats adapt in a similar way to errors by using low-frequency brainwaves in the medial frontal cortex to synchronize neurons in the motor cortex. The finding could be important in studies of mental illnesses such as obsessive compulsive disorder, ADHD, and Parkinson's disease.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2013
Nature Geoscience
Global ocean currents explain why Northern Hemisphere is the soggier one
The Northern Hemisphere gets more tropical rain because of ocean currents that originate in the icy waters near Greenland.
National Science Foundation, NASA, NOAA, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, US Department of Defense

Contact: Hannah Hickey
hickeyh@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 18-Oct-2013
AgriLife researcher Xiuren Zhang receives National Science Foundation CAREER grant
Dr. Xiuren Zhang, a biochemist and geneticist with Texas A&M AgriLife Research in College Station, has been awarded almost $1.3 million from the National Science Foundation to further his studies on RNA silencing and plant stem cells, which ultimately could help breed more productive plants.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Phillips
ka-phillips@tamu.edu
979-845-2872
Texas A&M AgriLife Communications

Public Release: 18-Oct-2013
Starting from scratch: RIT program teaches first-year students how to learn
Rochester Institute of Technology is launching a $900,000 National Science Foundation-funded program to improve the retention of deaf, hard-of-hearing and first-generation undergraduates majoring in science, engineering and computer science. RIT's Project IMPRESS seeks to teach students self-reflection and self-assessment skills -- key components of metacognition, or thinking about how one thinks and learns.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology

Showing releases 726-750 out of 752.

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