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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 726-750 out of 959.

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Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
Study offers clearest picture yet of how HIV defeats a cellular defender
A new study offers the first atomic-scale view of an interaction between the HIV capsid -- the protein coat that shepherds HIV into the nucleus of human cells -- and a host protein known as cyclophilin A. This interaction is key to HIV infection, researchers say.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Israeli Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 4-Mar-2016
Science Advances
A proposed superconductivity theory receives exclusive experimental confirmation
Superconductivity is one of the most exciting problems in physics, which has resulted in investments worldwide of enormous brain power and resources since its discovery a little over a century ago. Scientists have proposed theories for new classes of superconducting materials discovered several decades later, followed by teams of experimentalists working to provide evidence for these theories. One theory proposed by a UC Riverside physicist has now been experimentally proven to be a consistent theory.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Winning the water war starts with winning the battle on data
'Smart' water meters won't help resource managers interpret usage data without new analysis tools and a dependable urban water cyberinfrastructure. Engineering researchers at Utah State University are leading new advancements in hydroinformatics and building the tools to collect, shrink and transform water data into useful information.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Horsburgh
Utah State University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
American Sociological Review
Accepting a job below one's skill level can adversely affect future employment prospects
Accepting a job below one's skill level can be severely penalizing when applying for future employment because of the perception that someone who does this is less committed or less competent, according to new research from a sociologist at The University of Texas at Austin.
National Science Foundation, Horowitz Foundation for Social Policy, Employment Instability, Family Well-Being, and Social Policy Network at the University of Chicago, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Princeton University

Contact: Rachel Griess
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Wayne State professor earns prestigious NSF CAREER Award
Chung-Tse Michael Wu of the Wayne State University College of Engineering has been awarded a National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development Award, and aims to develop antennas made of novel transmission-line-based metamaterials that would enable a high-speed, microwave panoramic camera.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie O'Connor
Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Quantum computer factors numbers, could be scaled up
Researchers from MIT and the University of Innsbruck report that they have designed and built a quantum computer from five atoms in an ion trap. The computer uses laser pulses to carry out Shor's algorithm on each atom, to correctly factor the number 15. The system is designed in such a way that more atoms and lasers can be added to build a bigger and faster quantum computer, able to factor much larger numbers.
Intelligence Advanced Research Project Activity, MIT-Harvard Center for Ultracold Atoms, National Science Foundation Physics Frontier Center

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
How many types of neurons are there in the brain?
For decades, scientists have struggled to develop a comprehensive census of cell types in the brain. Now, researchers describe powerful new approaches to systematically identify individual classes of neurons in the spinal cord. In doing so, they reveal elements of the underlying circuit architecture through which these neurons shape movement -- and highlight how statistical approaches could provide neuroscientists with a critical tool to quantify the cellular diversity of any region of the brain.
NIH/National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes for Health, Department of Defense, Office of Naval Research, Army Research Office, National Science Foundation, Brain Research Foundation

Contact: Anne Holden
The Zuckerman Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Super elastic electroluminescent 'skin' will soon create mood robots
A team of Cornell engineers have developed an electroluminescent 'skin' that stretches to more than six times its original size while still emitting light. The discovery could lead to significant advances in health care, transportation, electronic communication and other areas.
Army Research Office, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Daryl Lovell
Cornell University

Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Cancer Cell
Breast cancer: An improved animal model opens up new treatments
EPFL scientists have developed an animal model for breast cancer that faithfully captures the disease. Tested on human breast tissue, this the most clinically realistic model of breast cancer to date.
European Union Seventh Framework Programme, European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industries and Associations, Oncosuisse, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
Global Change Biology
UD prof studies how permafrost thawing affects vegetation, carbon cycle
University of Delaware scientists are exploring how the thawing of permafrost affects vegetation and the carbon cycle in the Toolik Lake area of Alaska's North Slope.
US Department of Energy, DOE/Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Program, National Science Foundation

Contact: Peter Bothum
University of Delaware

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
International Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems
Bad vibrations: UCI researchers find security breach in 3-D printing process
With findings that could have been taken from the pages of a spy novel, researchers at the University of California, Irvine have demonstrated that they can purloin intellectual property by recording and processing sounds emitted by a 3-D printer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Bell
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
Extreme tornado outbreaks have become more common, says study
Most death and destruction inflicted by tornadoes in North America occurs during outbreaks -- large-scale weather events that can last one to three days and span huge regions. Now, a new study shows that the average number of tornadoes in these outbreaks has risen since 1954, and that the chance of extreme outbreaks -- tornado factories like the one in 2011 -- has also increased.
Willis Re, Columbia University's Research Initiatives for Science and Engineering, Office of Naval Research, NOAA's Climate Program Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Krajick
The Earth Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
UTA engineer earns NSF CAREER grant to develop safer lithium ion batteries
The National Science Foundation has awarded a five-year, $500,000 Faculty Early Career Development, or CAREER grant to Ankur Jain, an assistant professor in the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department, to develop a fundamental understanding of how heat flows in materials within a Li-ion battery so that those batteries can be used safely in more applications.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
Study shows whales dine with their own kind
Researchers from MIT, Northeastern University, the Institute of Marine Research in Norway, and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, have found that as multiple species of whales feast on herring, they tend to stick with their own kind, establishing species-specific feeding centers along the 150-mile length of Georges Bank.
Ocean Acoustics Program of the Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, National Oceanographic Partnership Program, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, Census of Marine Life

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
Nature Communications
Spinning better electronic devices
A team of researchers, led by a group at the University of California, Riverside, have demonstrated for the first time the transmission of electrical signals through insulators in a sandwich-like structure, a development that could help create more energy efficient electronic devices.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
ACS Central Science
Converting atmospheric carbon dioxide into batteries
Scientists from Vanderbilt and George Washington universities have worked out a way to make electric vehicles not just carbon neutral, but carbon negative by demonstrating how the graphite electrodes used in the lithium-ion batteries can be replaced with carbon recovered from the atmosphere.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David F Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
Genome Research
New method reveals high similarity between gorilla and human Y chromosome
A faster, less expensive method has been developed and used to learn the DNA sequence of the male-specific Y chromosome in the gorilla. The research reveals that a male gorilla's Y chromosome is more similar to a male human's Y chromosome than to a chimpanzee's. The technique works for any species, so it can be used to study male infertility disorders and male-specific mutations. It also can aid in conservation efforts.
National Science Foundation, Penn State University, Pennsylvania Department of Health, National Institutes of Health, John and Beverly Stauffer Foundation, Alice B. Tyler Charitable Trust, Leverhulme Trust

Contact: Barbara Kennedy
Penn State

Public Release: 2-Mar-2016
Journal of Experimental Biology
Water-skiing beetles get a bumpy ride
When a waterlily beetle (Galerucella nymphaeae) vanishes from the surface of a pond, it hasn't just disappeared; it's gone water-skiing at high speed -- 0.5m/s, equivalent to a human traveling at around 500km/h. Flying along the surface on four legs, the beetles also generate ripples as they bounce along the top of the water.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Science Foundation, Pew Foundation

Contact: Kathryn Knight
The Company of Biologists

Public Release: 1-Mar-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Extinct otter-like 'marine bear' might have had a bite like a saber-toothed cat
New research suggests that the feeding strategy of Kolponomos, an enigmatic shell-crushing marine predator that lived about 20 million years ago, was strangely similar to a very different kind of carnivore: the saber-toothed cat Smilodon. Scientists have shown that even though the two extinct predators likely contrasted greatly in food preference and environment, they shared similar engineering in jaw structure.
National Science Foundation, American Museum of Natural History's Frick Postdoctoral Fellowships

Contact: Kendra Snyder
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 1-Mar-2016
NSF grant to help researcher with manufacture of ultra-thin precision parts
Kansas State University's Shuting Lei has received a National Science Foundation Manufacturing Machines and Equipment grant for his work on machining precision parts.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Source: Shuting Lei
Kansas State University

Public Release: 1-Mar-2016
Journal of Economic Entomology
New method to stop Argentine ants
University of California, Riverside researchers may have found a better, more environmentally friendly way to stop the procession of Argentine ants, which have been spreading across the United States for the past few decades, despite pest control efforts.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sean Nealon
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 1-Mar-2016
Journal of Anatomy
Penguin brains not changed by loss of flight
Losing the ability to fly gave ancient penguins their unique locomotion style. But leaving the sky behind didn't cause major changes in their brain structure, researchers from The University of Texas at Austin suggest after examining the skull of the oldest known penguin fossil.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anton Caputo
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 1-Mar-2016
Financial Cryptography and Data Security Conference
Renter beware: Study finds Craigslist catches barely half of scam rental listings
A new study of listings in 20 metropolitan areas finds that Craigslist fails to identify more than half of scam rental listings on the site's pages and that suspicious postings often linger for as long as 20 hours before being removed -- more than enough time to snare victims, especially in competitive housing markets. An automated conversation engine combed through 2 million ads and identified 29,000 fraudulent ones.
National Science Foundation, National Security Agency, Packard Fellowships for Science and Engineering, Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship, Google, VMWare Research Award Program

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Public Release: 1-Mar-2016
Breast Cancer Research
Engineered hydrogel scaffolds enable growth of functioning human breast tissue
Whitehead Institute researchers have created a hydrogel scaffold that replicates the environment found within the human breast. The scaffold supports the growth of human mammary tissue from patient-derived cells and can be used to study normal breast development as well as breast cancer initiation and progression.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowships Program

Contact: Nicole Giese Rura
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing
Doctor, patient expectations differ on fitness and lifestyle tracking
With apps and activity trackers measuring every step people take, morsel they eat, and each symptom or pain, patients commonly arrive at doctor's offices armed with self-tracked data. Yet health-care providers lack the capacity or tools to review five years of Fitbit logs or instantaneously interpret the deluge of data patients have been collecting about themselves, according to new University of Washington research.
US Department of Health & Human Services' Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Intel Corp., National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
University of Washington

Showing releases 726-750 out of 959.

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