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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 726-750 out of 933.

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Public Release: 14-Feb-2016
2016 AAAS Annual Meeting
What values are important to scientists?
While many people are marking today scrutinizing the virtues of their Valentines, Michigan State University revealed a first-of-its-kind study on the virtues and values of scientists. The study, presented at the meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Washington, D.C., surveyed nearly 500 astronomers, biologists, chemists, physicists and earth scientists to identify the core traits of exemplary scientists.
John Templeton Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
layne.cameron@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8819
Michigan State University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Science Advances
A new form of frozen water?
A University of Nebraska-Lincoln-led research team has predicted a new molecular form of ice with a record-low density. If the ice can be synthesized, it would become the 18th known crystalline form of water and the first discovered in the US since before World War II.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Xiao Cheng Zeng, UNL chemistry professor
xzeng@unl.edu
402-472-9894
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Cell Stem Cell
Stem cell gene therapy could be key to treating Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Scientists at UCLA have developed a new approach that could eventually be used to treat Duchenne muscular dystrophy. The stem cell gene therapy could be applicable for 60 percent of people with Duchenne, which affects approximately 1 in 5,000 boys in the US and is the most common fatal childhood genetic disease.
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program, NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, Rose Hills Foundation Research Award, California Institute for Regene

Contact: Mirabai Vogt-James
mvogt@mednet.ucla.edu
310-562-8664
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Rare beluga data show whales dive to maximize meals
As the Arctic continues to change due to rising temperatures, melting sea ice and human interest in developing oil and shipping routes, it's important to understand belugas' baseline behavior, argue the authors of a new paper.
NSF/Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship Program on Ocean Change

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Current Biology
Ants were socializing -- and sparring -- nearly 100 million years ago, Rutgers study finds
Like people, ants have often fought over food and territory. But ants began fighting long before humans: at least 99 million years ago, according to Phillip Barden, a fossil insect expert who works in the Insect and Evolution Lab of Jessica L. Ware, an assistant professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Rutgers University-Newark.
National Science Foundation, American Museum of Natural History, Richard Gilder Graduate School, University of Kansas

Contact: Todd B. Bates
tbates@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0550
Rutgers University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Science
UW scientists create ultrathin semiconductor heterostructures for new technologies
University of Washington scientists have successfully combined two different ultrathin semiconductors -- each just one layer of atoms thick and roughly 100,000 times thinner than a human hair -- to make a new two-dimensional heterostructure with potential uses in clean energy and optically-active electronics.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, University of Washington Clean Energy Institute

Contact: James Urton
jurton@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
PLOS Biology
On Darwin's birthday, IU study sheds new light on plant evolution
A study reported today in the journal PLOS Biology employs genome-wide sequencing to the reveal highly specific details about the evolutionary mechanisms that drove genetic divergence in 13 species of wild tomatoes that share a recent common ancestor. The in-depth genetic analysis was led by Leonie C. Moyle, professor in the IU Bloomington College of Arts and Sciences' Department of Biology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2016
Scientific Reports
New CU study confirms giant flightless bird wandered the Arctic 50 million years ago
New research by the University of Colorado Boulder and the Chinese Academy of Sciences confirms there really was a giant, flightless bird with a head the size of a horse's wandering about in the winter twilight of the high Arctic some 53 million years ago.
National Science Foundation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Natural Science Foundation

Contact: Jaelyn Eberle
jaelyn.eberle@colorado.edu
303-492-8069
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-16)
UMD-led team first to solve well-known game theory scenario
A team of computer scientists from the University of Maryland, Stanford University and Microsoft Research is the first to solve a game theory scenario that has vexed researchers for nearly a century. The game, known as 'Colonel Blotto,' has been used to analyze the potential outcomes of elections and other similar two-party conflicts since its invention in 1921. Until now, however, the game has been of limited use because it lacked a definitive solution.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Google

Contact: Matthew Wright
mewright@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
PLOS ONE
Study finds fish larvae are better off in groups
A recent study provides new evidence that larvae swim faster, straighter and more consistently in a common direction when together in a group. The research led by scientists at the University of Miami (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science is the first to observe group orientation behaviors of larval fish.
OTIC grant from the National Science Foundation.

Contact: Diana Udel
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
UM professor earns prestigious CAREER Award from National Science Foundation
University of Montana Assistant Professor John McCutcheon recently received the National Science Foundation's most prestigious award for junior faculty.
National Science Foundation, Murdock Trust

Contact: John McCutcheon
john.mccutcheon@umontana.edu
406-243-6071
The University of Montana

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
Current Biology
100-mllion-year-old amber preserves oldest animal societies
Fighting ants, giant solider termites, and foraging worker ants recently discovered in 100-million-year-old amber provide direct evidence for advanced social behavior in ancient ants and termites -- two groups that are immensely successful because of their ability to organize in hierarchies. The new work proves that advanced sociality in ants and termites was present tens of millions of years earlier than indicated by the previous fossil record.
National Science Foundation, University of Kansas, American Museum of Natural History/Richard Gilder Graduate School

Contact: Kendra Snyder
ksnyder@amnh.org
212-496-3419
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
'Electrospray' could revolutionize manufacturing; grant recipient to explore 3-D printing
Paul Chiarot, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Binghamton University, recently received a five-year, $500,000 grant from the National Science Foundation's most prestigious program for early-career researchers, and he aims to redefine 3-D printing at a very fine scale. His 'electrospray' technique puts tiny particles into a solvent and applies them to a surface, creating electronics in a process not unlike an inkjet printer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Brhel
jbrhel@binghamton.edu
607-777-3280
Binghamton University

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
Physical Review D
GGC physicist leads team in innovative black hole research
A first-ever computer simulation shows that, contrary to previous understandings, objects approaching a rotating black hole would not be crushed by the increasing gravity -- supporting some popular science fiction scenarios. The work also provides the first methodologies for computer simulations of rotating black holes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sally Ramey
sramey@ggc.edu
678-407-5426
Georgia Gwinnett College

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
Frontiers in Microbiology
Herpes outbreak, other marine viruses linked to coral bleaching event
A study has concluded that significant outbreaks of viruses may be associated with coral bleaching events, especially as a result of multiple environmental stresses. One such event was documented even as it happened in a three-day period. It showed how an explosion of three viral groups, including a herpes-like virus, occurred just as corals were bleaching in one part of the Great Barrier Reef off the east coast of Australia.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Rebecca Vega-Thurber
Rebecca.vega-thurber@oregonstate.edu
541-737-1851
Oregon State University

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
LIGO Scientific Collaboration news conference
Physical Review Letters
LIGO confirms RIT's breakthrough prediction of gravitational waves
LIGO's direct observation of a gravitational wave signal from a binary black-hole merger matches the numerical model of the waveform confirmed by RIT researchers and predicted in their breakthrough paper, 'Accurate Evolutions of Orbiting Black-Hole Binaries without Excision,' published in Physical Review Letters, on March 22, 2006. The LSC's upcoming paper prominently cites the earlier landmark research on binary black hole mergers led by Manuela Campanelli, director of RIT's Center for Computational Relativity and Gravitation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
Physical Review Letters
Gravitational waves detected 100 years after Einstein's prediction
For the first time, scientists have observed ripples in the fabric of spacetime, called gravitational waves, arriving at the earth from a cataclysmic event in the distant universe. This confirms a major prediction of Albert Einstein's 1915 general theory of relativity and opens an unprecedented new window onto the cosmos.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alison Satake
asatake@lsu.edu
510-816-8161
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 11-Feb-2016
Science
By switching 'bait,' IU biologists trick plants' bacterial defense into attacking virus
Scientists at Indiana University have modified a plant gene that normally fights bacterial infection to confer resistance to a virus. The method, described in a paper to be published Feb. 12 in the journal Science, is the first time a plant's innate defense system has been altered to deliver resistance to a new disease.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 10-Feb-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
Southwest sliding into a drier climate
The weather patterns that typically bring moisture to the southwestern United States are becoming more rare, an indication that the region is sliding into the drier climate state predicted by global models, according to a new study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Laura Snider
lsnider@ucar.edu
303-497-8605
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 10-Feb-2016
Experiments in Fluids
Sneezing produces complex fluid cascade, not a simple spray
New high-speed videos captured by MIT researchers show that as a person sneezes, they launch a sheet of fluid that balloons, then breaks apart in long filaments that destabilize, and finally disperses as a spray of droplets, similar to paint that is flung through the air.
National Science Foundation and MIT/Reed and Edgerton Funds

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 10-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Fish fins can sense touch
The human fingertip is a finely tuned sensory machine, and even slight touches convey a great deal of information about our physical environment. It turns out, some fish use their pectoral fins in pretty much the same way. And do so through a surprisingly similar biological mechanism to mammals -- humans included.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Jiang
kevin.jiang@uchospitals.edu
773-795-5227
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 10-Feb-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
Study challenges widely accepted theory of Yellowstone formation
Understanding the complex geological processes that form supervolcanoes could ultimately help geologists determine what triggers their eruptions. A new study using an advanced computer model casts doubt on previously held theories about the Yellowstone supervolcano's origins, adding to the mystery of Yellowstone's formation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Banducci
eahlberg@illinois.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 10-Feb-2016
Molecular Biology and Evolution
Genetics help fish thrive in toxic environments, collaborative study finds
A 10-year collaborative project led by biologists from Kansas State University and Washington State University has discovered how the Atlantic molly is able to live in toxic hydrogen sulfide water.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Tobler
tobler@k-state.edu
785-532-6652
Kansas State University

Public Release: 10-Feb-2016
Biology Letters
Study of Asian common toad reveals 3 divergent groups
A research project by Bryan L. Stuart, Research Curator of Herpetology at the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, and colleagues, tested the hypothesis that Asian common toad populations across Southeast Asia are genetically similar owing to their commensal nature and high dispersive ability. To the researchers' surprise, three genetically divergent groups of toads were found, each in a different geographic area (mainland Southeast Asia, coastal Myanmar and the islands of Java and Sumatra).
The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jonathan Pishney
jonathan.pishney@naturalsciences.org
919-707-8083
North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences

Public Release: 10-Feb-2016
Journal of Physiology
Faulty bioelectric signal responsible for facial defects caused by rare genetic disorder
Tufts University biologists have discovered that faulty bioelectric signaling is responsible for the skull and facial abnormalities that characterize the rare genetic disorder Andersen-Tawil syndrome (ATS). The finding shows it may be possible to alter bioelectrical signaling to correct effects of fetal alcohol syndrome and other developmental defects or genetic mutations.
National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Kim Thurler
kim.thurler@tufts.edu
617-627-3175
Tufts University

Showing releases 726-750 out of 933.

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