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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 726-750 out of 854.

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Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Journal of Physiology
Mother's diet influences weight-control neurocircuits in offspring
Maternal diet during pregnancy and lactation may prime offspring for weight gain and obesity later in life, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers, who looked at rats whose mothers consumed a high-fat diet and found that the offsprings' feeding controls and feelings of fullness did not function normally.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Solovey
msolovey@hmc.psu.edu
717-531-8606
Penn State

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Pitt designated an innovation corps site by National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has designated the University of Pittsburgh as an NSF I-Corps site. The award, which supports innovation activities at select academic institutions, comes with a three-year, $300,000 grant to be used to advance innovation, commercialization, and entrepreneurship at Pitt.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joe Miksch
jmiksch@pitt.edu
412-624-4356
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Smart phone app monitors depression in real time
A new phone app screens for depression with 24-hour monitoring of speech, walking pace and other behavioral cues.
National Science Foundation

Contact: William Weir
weir@engr.uconn.edu
860-486-1734
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Nature Methods
High-tech method allows rapid imaging of functions in living brain
Researchers studying cancer and other invasive diseases rely on high-resolution imaging to see tumors and other activity deep within the body's tissues. Using a new high-speed, high-resolution imaging method, Lihong Wang, Ph.D., and his team at Washington University in St. Louis were able to see blood flow, blood oxygenation, oxygen metabolism and other functions inside a living mouse brain at faster rates than ever before.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Julie Flory
julie.flory@wustl.edu
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Nature Geoscience
Glimpses of the future: Drought damage leads to widespread forest death
The 2000-2003 drought in the American southwest triggered a widespread die-off of forests around the region. A team of scientists developed a new modeling tool to explain how and where trembling aspen forests died as a result of this drought, based on damage to the individual trees' ability to transport water. Their results suggest that more widespread die-offs of aspen forests triggered by climate change are likely by the 2050s.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, NOAA, Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan, National Taiwan University, and Carnegie Institution for Science

Contact: William Anderegg
970-739-4954
Carnegie Institution

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sea change: What took decades to destroy in oceans took millennia to recover
While climate change and the deoxygenation of seawater can alter ocean ecology very quickly, recovery can be on a 1,000-year scale, not the 100-year scale previously thought.
National Science Foundation, EPA STAR Fellowship, Switzer Environmental Fellowship

Contact: Sarah Moffitt
semoffitt@ucdavis.edu
808-381-9177
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 30-Mar-2015
Journal of Cell Biology
New molecular clues about mysterious brain blood vessel disorder
Yale researchers have uncovered new details about the relationship between two proteins associated with the formation of cerebral cavernous malformations, a little understood neurovascular disorder.
National Institutes of Health, American Cancer Society, National Science Foundation, American Heart Association

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
news@rupress.org
212-327-8603
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 29-Mar-2015
UTA researcher earns NSF grant to study biodiversity in Africa
UT Arlington assistant biology professor Matthew Fujita has earned a National Science Foundation grant to study the rich species diversity in West and Central Africa.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bridget Lewis
blewis@uta.edu
817-272-3317
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 29-Mar-2015
Race, ethnicity, gender, family income to be studied as metrics for STEM success
Sarah Ovink, an assistant professor of sociology at Virginia Tech, will study inequalities in college achievement and subsequent career success among women and underrepresented minorities in STEM fields with a 2015 National Science Foundation Faculty Early Development CAREER Award.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jean Elliott
elliottj@vt.edu
540-231-5915
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Applications in Plant Sciences
The shortest DNA sequences reveal insights into the world's tallest trees
Coast redwoods (Sequioa sempervirens), famous for being the world's tallest trees, are also unusual for their ability to reproduce clonally from stumps, fallen logs, and roots. Researchers have outlined a new method in Applications in Plant Sciences to identify clonal lineages and study clonal diversity across the species' geographic range. Genetic data produced from this protocol could help guide sustainable forest management of commercial young-growth forests and also improve efforts to preserve ancient redwood populations.
National Science Foundation, Save the Redwoods League, University of California Berkeley

Contact: Beth Parada
apps@botany.org
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Journal of Climate
Climate change does not cause extreme winters
Cold snaps like the ones that hit the eastern United States in the past winters are not a consequence of climate change. Scientists at ETH Zurich and the California Institute of Technology have shown that global warming actually tends to reduce temperature variability.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tapio Schneider
tapio@ethz.ch
41-446-332-621
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
Big data allows computer engineers to find genetic clues in humans
Computer scientists at Washington University in St. Louis' School of Engineering & Applied Science tackled some big data about an important protein and discovered its connection in human history as well as clues about its role in complex neurological diseases.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Municipal Government of Wuhan, Hubei, China

Contact: Julie Flory
julie.flory@wustl.edu
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Journal of Mammalogy
A peek at the secret life of pandas
The world is fascinated by the reclusive giant pandas, yet precious little is known about how they spend their time in the Chinese bamboo forests. Until now. A team of Michigan State University (MSU) researchers who have been electronically stalking five pandas in the wild, courtesy of rare GPS collars, have finished crunching months of data and has published some panda surprises in this month's Journal of Mammalogy.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Sue Nichols
Nichols@msu.edu
517-282-1093
Michigan State University

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Metals used in high-tech products face future supply risks
Yale researchers have assessed the 'criticality' of all 62 metals on the Periodic Table of Elements, providing key insights into which materials might become more difficult to find in the coming decades, which ones will exact the highest environmental costs -- and which ones simply cannot be replaced as components of vital technologies.
A-1 Specialized Services and Supplies, BP International, General Electric Global Research Center, Grundfos Holding A/S, Renault Group, Shell Global Solutions, Volkswagen Group, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
kevin.dennehy@yale.edu
203-436-4842
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 27-Mar-2015
Science Advances
Nanoscale worms provide new route to nano-necklace structures
Researchers have developed a novel technique for crafting nanometer-scale necklaces based on tiny star-like structures threaded onto a polymeric backbone. The technique could provide a new way to produce hybrid organic-inorganic shish kebab structures from semiconducting, magnetic, ferroelectric and other materials that may afford useful nanoscale properties.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Minjiang Scholar Program, National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, China Scholarship Council

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 26-Mar-2015
PLOS Pathogens
Honey bees use multiple genetic pathways to fight infections
Honey bees use different sets of genes, regulated by two distinct mechanisms, to fight off viruses, bacteria and gut parasites, according to researchers at Penn State and the Georgia Institute of Technology. The findings may help scientists develop honey bee treatments that are tailored to specific types of infections.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 26-Mar-2015
Science
Using magnetic fields to understand high-temperature superconductivity
Taking our understanding of quantum matter to new levels, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory are exposing high-temperature superconductors to very high magnetic fields, changing the temperature at which the materials become perfectly conducting and revealing unique properties of these substances.
National Science Foundation Division of Materials Research, DOE/Office of Science, Florida State University, State of Florida, and Los Alamos National Laboratory/LDRD Program

Contact: Nancy Ambrosiano
nwa@lanl.gov
505-667-0471
DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Public Release: 26-Mar-2015
UChicago Materials Research Center receives $20.6 million grant
The National Science Foundation has renewed funding for the University of Chicago's Materials Research Science and Engineering Center for another six years with a $20.6 million grant. UChicago was one of 12 institutions nationwide to receive a MRSEC grant from the NSF in this round of competition.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Koppes
skoppes@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 26-Mar-2015
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
UT Dallas engineers twist nanofibers to create structures tougher than bulletproof vests
Researchers at UT Dallas have created materials that exploit the electromechanical properties of specific nanofibers to stretch to up to seven times their length, while remaining tougher than Kevlar.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research Young Investigator Research Program, National Science Foundation

Contact: LaKisha Ladson
lakisha.ladson@UTDallas.edu
972-883-4183
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 26-Mar-2015
International Union of Crystallography Journal
Fluctuation X-ray scattering
In biology, materials science and the energy sciences, structural information provides important insights into the understanding of matter. The link between a structure and its properties can suggest new avenues for designed improvements of synthetic materials or provide new fundamental insights in biology and medicine at the molecular level.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dr Jonathan Agbenyega
ja@iucr.org
44-124-434-2878
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 26-Mar-2015
Nature Communications
Sci-Fly study explores how lifeforms know to be the right size
Shakespeare said 'to be or not to be' is the question, and now scientists are asking how life forms grow to be the correct size with proportional body parts. Probing deeply into genetics and biology at the earliest moments of embryonic development, researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center report March 26 in Nature Communications they have found new clues to explain one of nature's biggest mysteries.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Nick Miller
nicholas.miller@cchmc.org
513-803-6035
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 26-Mar-2015
Science
Galaxy clusters collide; dark matter still a mystery
When galaxy clusters collide, their dark matters pass through each other, with very little interaction. Deepening the mystery, a study by scientists at EPFL and the University of Edinburgh challenges the idea that dark matter is composed of particles.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Science & Technology Facilities Council, Royal Society

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
41-789-400-620
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 26-Mar-2015
Science
Swirling currents deliver phytoplankton carbon to ocean depths
Just as crocus and daffodil blossoms signal renewal and the start of a warmer season on land, a similar 'greening' event -- a massive phytoplankton bloom -- unfolds each spring in the Atlantic Ocean from Bermuda to the Arctic. But, what happens to all that organic material produced in the surface ocean?
National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 26-Mar-2015
Cell
Report: Photosynthesis hack needed to feed the world by 2050
Using high-performance computing and genetic engineering to boost the photosynthetic efficiency of plants offers the best hope of increasing crop yields enough to feed a planet expected to have 9.5 billion people on it by 2050, researchers report in the journal Cell.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 25-Mar-2015
PLOS ONE
Coastal property values could erode if nourishment subsidies end
The value of many oceanfront properties on the East Coast could drop dramatically if Congress were to suddenly end federal beach nourishment subsidies. Values could fall by as much as 17 percent in towns with high property values and almost 34 percent in towns with low property values. A gradual reduction of the subsidies, in contrast, is more likely to smooth the transition to more climate-resilient coastal communities.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Showing releases 726-750 out of 854.

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