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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 726-750 out of 818.

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Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
USF biologists: Reductions in biodiversity can elevate disease risk
Using a combination of experiments, field studies, and mathematical models, University of South Florida biologists and colleagues from four other universities show that having an abundance and diversity of predators -- such as dragonflies, damselflies, and aquatic bugs -- to eat parasites is good for the health of amphibians, a group of animals experiencing worldwide population declines.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Agriculture, US Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Jason Rohr
jasonrohr@gmail.com
813-974-0156
University of South Florida (USF Health)

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Small predator diversity is an important part of a healthy ecosystem
Biodiversity, including small predators such as dragonflies and other aquatic bugs that attack and consume parasites, may improve the health of amphibians, according to a team of researchers. Amphibians have experienced marked declines in the wild around the world in recent decades, the team added.
US Department of Agriculture, US Environmental Protection Agency, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Evolution
Long-term nitrogen fertilizer use disrupts plant-microbe mutualisms
When exposed to nitrogen fertilizer over a period of years, nitrogen-fixing bacteria called rhizobia evolve to become less beneficial to legumes -- the plants they normally serve, researchers report in a new study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Molecular Biology and Evolution
Carnivorous plant packs big wonders into tiny genome
Great, wonderful, wacky things can come in small genomic packages. That's one lesson to be learned from the carnivorous bladderwort, a plant whose tiny genome turns out to be a jewel box full of evolutionary treasures. A new study in the scientific journal Molecular Biology and Evolution breaks down the plant's genetic makeup, and finds a fascinating story.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
chsu22@buffalo.edu
716-645-4655
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Nature Communications
Epigenome orchestrates embryonic development
Studying zebrafish embryos, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that the epigenome plays a significant part in guiding development in the first 24 hours after fertilization. The research, which appears in the journal Nature Communications, may deepen understanding of congenital defects and miscarriage.
Washington University McDonnell International Scholars Program, Kwanjeong Educational Foundation, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, March of Dimes Foundation, American Cancer Society, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
straitj@wustl.edu
314-286-0141
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
University of Tennessee professor receives prestigious award for ocean science work
Karen Lloyd's work with subsea floor mud and frozen Siberian soil has earned her an extraordinarily competitive award. The assistant professor of microbiology at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, has been selected as a 2015 Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellow in Ocean Sciences.
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Amy Blakely
ablakely@utk.edu
865-974-5034
University of Tennessee at Knoxville

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Via laser into the past of the oceans
Using cutting edge technologies experts of the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel together with colleagues from the UK, Canada and the United States were able to reconstruct pH values of the Northern Pacific with a high resolution since the end of the 19th century. The study, which has been published in the current issue of the international journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, reveals a clear acidification trend, but also strong seasonal fluctuations.
Federal Ministry of Education and Sciences of Germany-BIOACID, National Science and engineering Resource Council, Canadian Foundation for Climate and Atmospheric Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jan Steffen
presse@geomar.de
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Nature Climate Change
Study outlines threat of ocean acidification to coastal communities in US
Coastal communities in 15 states that depend on the $1 billion shelled mollusk industry (primarily oysters and clams) are at long-term economic risk from the increasing threat of ocean acidification, a new report concludes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: George Waldbusser
waldbuss@coas.oregonstate.edu
541-737-8964
Oregon State University

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Nature Geoscience
Reconstructing topsy-turvy paleoclimate of western US 21,000 years ago
Researchers have created the first comprehensive map of the topsy-turvy climate in the western US, 21,000 years ago when Southwest was wet and the Northwest was dry and are using it to test and improve the global climate models that have been developed to predict how precipitation patterns will change in the future.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David F. Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 23-Feb-2015
Nature
Simulating superconducting materials with ultracold atoms
Rice University physicist Randy Hulet and his collaborators have used ultracold lithium atoms to create a state of matter that may help solve some of the mysteries of high-temperature superconductivity. Their results are described this week in the journal Nature.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Science Foundation, Robert Welch Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Jade Boyd
jadeboyd@rice.edu
713-348-6778
Rice University

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Science
Perfect colors, captured with one ultra-thin lens
A completely flat, ultrathin lens developed at Harvard can focus different wavelengths of light at the same point, achieving instant color correction in one extremely thin, miniaturized device.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Draper Lab, National Science Foundation

Contact: Caroline Perry
cperry@seas.harvard.edu
617-496-1351
Harvard University

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Nature Communications
Penn researchers develop new technique for making molybdenum disulfide
University of Pennsylvania researchers have made an advance in manufacturing molybdenum disulphide, a 2-D material that could compete with graphene for replacing silicon in next-generation electronics. By growing flakes of the material around 'seeds' of molybdenum oxide, they have made it easier to control the size, thickness and location of the material.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Army Research Office

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Journal of American Chemical Society
Beyond silicon: New semiconductor moves spintronics toward reality
A new semiconductor compound is bringing fresh momentum to the field of spintronics, an emerging breed of computing device that may lead to smaller, faster, less power-hungry electronics.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Gabe Cherry
gcherry@umich.edu
734-647-7085
University of Michigan

Public Release: 19-Feb-2015
Current Biology
Evolving a bigger brain with human DNA
The human brain expanded dramatically in size during evolution, imparting us with unique capabilities. Duke scientists have now shown that it's possible to pick out key changes in the genetic code between chimpanzees and humans and visualize their respective contributions to early brain development in mouse embryos. The findings may lend insight what makes the human brain special and why people get some neurological disorders, such as autism and Alzheimer's disease, whereas chimpanzees don't.
Duke Institute for Brain Sciences, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Karl Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
NYU receives $14.4 million NSF grant to expand its Materials Research Center
New York University has received a $14.4 million, six-year grant from the National Science Foundation to expand its Materials Research Science and Engineering Center.
National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Nature Materials
Nanotechnology: Better measurements of single molecule circuits
A new technique developed at UC Davis gives better measurements of the properties of electrical circuits made of single molecules. The method should enable more research in nanotechnology.
National Science Foundation, UC Davis RISE program

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Language
New insights into origins of the world's languages
Linguists have long agreed that languages from English to Greek to Hindi, known as 'Indo-European languages', are the modern descendants of a language family which first emerged from a common ancestor spoken thousands of years ago. Now, a new study gives us more information on when and where it was most likely used. Using data from over 150 languages, linguists at UC-Berkeley provide evidence that this ancestor language originated 5,500 - 6,500 years ago on the Pontic-Caspian steppe.
Diebold Fund for Indo-European Studies at University of California Berkeley, Google Ph.D. Fellowship, National Science Foundation

Contact: Brice Russ
bruss@lsadc.org
Linguistic Society of America

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Molecular Ecology
Discovery: Tropical fire ants traveled the world on 16th century ships
Thanks to a bit of genetic sleuthing, researchers now know the invasion history of the tropical fire ant (Solenopsis geminata), the first ant species known to travel the globe by sea.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B
In a warmer world, ticks that spread disease are arriving earlier, expanding their ranges
In the northeastern United States, warmer spring temperatures are leading to shifts in the emergence of the blacklegged ticks that carry Lyme disease and other tick-borne pathogens. At the same time, milder weather is allowing ticks to spread into new geographic regions.
National Science Foundation, US Environmental Protection Agency, Dutchess County, NY.

Contact: Lori Quillen
Quillenl@caryinstitute.org
845-677-7600 x121
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Nature
Epigenomics of Alzheimer's disease progression
An MIT study of epigenomic modifications reveals the immune basis of Alzheimer's disease.
NIH Roadmap Epigenomics Program, Belfer Neurodegeneration Consortium, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
New device to change how Florida monitors sea level rise, water quality and hurricanes
Small wireless computing devices, ranging from the size of a matchbox to the size of a dime are going to change the way Florida monitors its water quality, sea level rise, hurricanes, agriculture, aquaculture, and even its aging senior population.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gisele Galoustian
ggaloust@fau.edu
561-297-2676
Florida Atlantic University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Nature
Global warming to increase ocean upwelling, but fisheries impact uncertain
A report to be published Thursday in the journal Nature suggests that global warming may increase upwelling in several ocean current systems around the world by the end of this century, especially at high latitudes, and will cause major changes in marine biodiversity.
Northeastern University, National Science Foundation

Contact: Bruce Menge
mengeb@science.oregonstate.edu
541-737-5358
Oregon State University

Public Release: 18-Feb-2015
Psychoneuroendocrinology
How stress can lead to inequality
How does stress affect our self-confidence when we compete? An EPFL study shows how stress could actually be both a consequence and a cause of social and economic inequality, affecting our ability to compete and make financial decisions.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
n.papageorgiou@epfl.ch
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
Science
New solder for semiconductors creates technological possibilities
A research team led by the University of Chicago's Dmitri Talapin has demonstrated how semiconductors can be soldered and still deliver good electronic performance.
II-VI Foundation, Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Keck Foundation.

Contact: Steve Koppes
skoppes@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 17-Feb-2015
UM Rosenstiel School professor receives $2.5 million to study Agulhas Current
Scientists at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science received a $2.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to conduct a climate research study off the coast of South Africa.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Showing releases 726-750 out of 818.

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