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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 726-750 out of 921.

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Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Nature Communications
Enzyme discovery leads scientists further down path to pumping oil from plants
An enzyme responsible for making hydrocarbons has been discovered by Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientists studying a common green microalga called Botryococcus braunii.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Phillips
ka-phillips@tamu.edu
979-845-2872
Texas A&M AgriLife Communications

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
Nature
Supermassive black holes may be lurking everywhere in the universe
One of the largest supermassive black holes on record has been discovered in an unexpected place: a relatively sparse region of the local universe where massive galaxies -- the typical home of these huge black holes -- are few and far between. According to UC Berkeley astronomer Chung-Pei Ma, there could be many more such black holes -- quiescent quasars -- hiding in the universe's deserts. This one may be or once was a binary black hole.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-528-1747
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 6-Apr-2016
BioScience
Current methods cannot predict damage to coral reefs
Coral reefs are severely endangered by a warming and increasingly acidic ocean. Although species-level effects have been studied, these pieces of the puzzle have not been assembled into a broader view. Ecosystem-level effects may be more severe than is currently anticipated.
National Science Foundation, Moorea Coral Reef LTER, California State University -- Northridge

Contact: James Verdier
jverdier@aibs.org
205-286-8626
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
Fossil discovery suggests size poor predictor of maturity in ancient reptiles
Asilisaurus grew similarly to living crocodilians in that individuals of both species display varied growth patterns.
National Science Foundation's Research Experience for Undergraduates, Virginia Tech

Contact: Steven Mackay
smackay@vt.edu
540-231-5035
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Saving lives through real-time flood forecasting
David Maidment, a hydrologist and civil engineer at UT Austin, knows there is a better way to predict flooding using advanced technology. With a grant from the National Science Foundation, he developed the National Flood Interoperability Experiment. NFIE is a collaboration between the academic community, the National Weather Service and its government partners, and commercial partners to develop a transformational suite of science and services for national flood hydrology and emergency response.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Faith Singer-Villalobos
faith@tacc.utexas.edu
512-232-5771
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
NSF CAREER award focused on improving the 'broken movies' of biology
Anthony Gitter, a biostatistics expert with the Morgridge Institute for Research and the University of Wisconsin-Madison, has received a 2016 Faculty Early Career Development Award from the National Science Foundation to advance a central research challenge about the dynamic nature of cellular and genetic signaling.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anthony Gitter
agitter@morgridge.org
608-316-4442
Morgridge Institute for Research

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Nature Genetics
Scientists reveal endocardial origin of liver vasculature
On March 29, Nature Genetics published a research article entitled 'Genetic lineage tracing identifies endocardial origin of liver vasculature,' from Prof. ZHOU Bin's lab. Taking advantage of genetic lineage tracing and tissue specific gene knockout technology, they found that part of liver vasculature is derived from endocardium in the developing heart.
Ministry of Science and Technology of China, National Science Foundation of China, Shanghai Basic Research Key Project, China Postdoctoral Science Foundation, Shanghai Yangfan Project and AstraZeneca

Contact: ZHOU Bin
zhoubin@sibs.ac.cn
86-215-492-0974
Chinese Academy of Sciences Headquarters

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Journal of Experimental Biology
Researchers document how broadbills make loud wing song
Broadbills produce a startlingly loud sound that they make with their wings to mark off territory. Researchers have hypothesized that it is the outermost wing feathers that make the sound. Now a research team led by a biologist at the University of California, Riverside has found that it is not the outermost feather wings but the ones just inside of these feathers that make the klaxon-like sound.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Scientific Reports
Live fast, die young
In a new study published in Scientific Reports, a team of international paleontologists, including postdoctoral scholar Adam Huttenlocker of the Natural History Museum of Utah at the University of Utah, demonstrate that ancient mammal relatives known as therapsids were suited to the drastic climate change by having shorter life expectancies and would have had a better chance of success by breeding at younger ages than their predecessors.
National Science Foundation, National Research Foundation

Contact: Chanapa Tantibanchachai
chanapa.t@utah.edu
928-458-9656
University of Utah

Public Release: 5-Apr-2016
Scientific Reports
How to survive extinction: Live fast, die young
Two hundred and fifty-two million years ago, a series of Siberian volcanoes erupted and sent the Earth into the greatest mass extinction of all time. Billions of tons of carbon were propelled into the atmosphere, radically altering the Earth's climate. Yet, some animals thrived in the aftermath and scientists now know why.
National Research Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew Northey
mnorthey@fieldmuseum.org
312-665-7202
Field Museum

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Nature Chemistry
Researchers use single molecule of DNA to create world's smallest diode
Researchers at the University of Georgia and at Ben-Gurion University in Israel have demonstrated for the first time that nanoscale electronic components can be made from single DNA molecules. Their study, published in the journal Nature Chemistry, represents a promising advance in the search for a replacement for the silicon chip. The finding may eventually lead to smaller, more powerful and more advanced electronic devices, according to the study's lead author, Bingqian Xu.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Stephanie Schupska
schupska@uga.edu
706-542-6927
University of Georgia

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Developmental Science
Bilingual baby brains show increased activity in executive function regions
New findings from the University of Washington show that babies raised in bilingual households show brain activity associated with executive functioning as early as 11 months of age.
National Science Foundation UW LIFE Center

Contact: Molly McElroy
mollywmc@uw.edu
206-221-1684
University of Washington

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Botany 2014
American Journal of Botany
Small but not forgotten: New ideas on pollen's ecology and evolution
Although many only turn their thoughts to pollen as allergy season approaches, a new American Journal of Botany Special Issue shows that a diverse array of researchers are actively pursuing research in pollen performance. The collection of papers gathers together diverse perspectives on pollen performance and lays out clear examples of how to test these ideas. Representing a broad range of taxa and approaches to studying pollen performance, this Special Issue is likely to ignite renewed interest in pollen performance.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Richard Hund
rhund@botany.org
314-577-9557
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
19th ACM conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing
The Twittersphere does listen to the voice of reason -- sometimes
In the maelstrom of information, opinion and conjecture that is Twitter, the voice of truth and reason does occasionally prevail. According to new University of Washington research, tweets from 'official accounts' can slow the spread of rumors on Twitter and correct misinformation that's taken on a life of its own.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Nature Communications
How crispy is your bonbon?
A theory and simple fabrication technique derived by MIT engineers may help chocolate artisans create uniformly smooth shells and precisely tailor their thickness.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
International Conference on Architectural Support for Programming Languages and Operating Systems
Hardware, software tools created to debug intermittently powered energy-harvesting devices
Researchers at Disney Research and Carnegie Mellon University have developed a system for finding computer bugs in small devices that scavenge their energy from their environment and are subject to intermittent power failures.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Liu
jennifer.c.liu@disney.com
Disney Research

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Bioengineer's gut biome sensors earn NSF backing
Rice synthetic biologist Jeffrey Tabor wins a National Science Foundation CAREER Award to engineer bacteria to detect early stage inflammation in the digestive tract.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 4-Apr-2016
Nature Chemistry
World's smallest diode, developed by U. of Georgia and Ben-Gurion U.
Dr. Dubi and his student, Elinor Zerah-Harush, constructed a theoretical model of the DNA molecule inside the electric circuit to better understand the results of the experiment. 'The model allowed us to identify the source of the diode-like feature, which originates from breaking spatial symmetry inside the DNA molecule after coralyne is inserted.'
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andrew Lavin
andrewlavin@alavin.com
516-353-2505
American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Public Release: 2-Apr-2016
ENDO 2016
Engineered ovary implant restores fertility in mice
Northwestern University scientists created a prosthetic ovary using a 3-D printer -- an implant that allowed mice that had their ovaries surgically removed to bear live young. The results will be presented Saturday, April 2, at the Endocrine Society's annual meeting, ENDO 2016, in Boston.
National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund Career Award, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jenni Gingery
jgingery@endocrine.org
202-971-3655
The Endocrine Society

Public Release: 1-Apr-2016
Polymer researcher receives NSF grant for multifunctional tough hydrogels
Dr. Jie Zheng, associate professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at The University of Akron, has recently been awarded his fourth grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF). With this continuing grant of $121,979, Zheng will have received a total of $343,616 to design a new class of tough double-network hydrogels, which can be used for a wide range of biomedical and industrial applications including wastewater treatment, tissue engineering, drug delivery, and the food industry.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Craig
lmc91@uakron.edu
330-972-7429
University of Akron

Public Release: 1-Apr-2016
Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology
NYU Tandon researcher synthesizes hybrid molecule that delivers a blow to malignant cells
A new molecule developed at NYU Tandon School of Engineering shows promise for treating breast cancer. The protein/polymer-gold nanoparticle composite, besides being easy to synthesize, can load up with drugs, carry them to malignant cells, and unload them where they can do the most damage with the least amount of harm to the patient. It was developed by Jin Kim Montclare, an associate professor in Tandon's Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering.
National Science Foundation, Shiffrin Meyer Breast Cancer Discovery Fund, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Karl Greenberg
karl.greenberg@nyu.edu
646-519-1996
NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Public Release: 1-Apr-2016
Genes & Development
Seeing cell to cell differences for first time explains symptoms of rare genetic disorders
Every cell in the body has two genomes, one from the mother and one from the father. Until now, researchers have lacked the tools to examine -- in a single cell -the exact readout from each genome to make RNA. Using a new technology that allows researchers to do just that, an interdisciplinary team examined a rare disease in which these two genomes are expressed differently throughout the body, even sometimes in the same organ.
National Institutes of Health, Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation, St. Baldrick's Foundation, Burroughs-Wellcome Fund, National Science Foundation

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 1-Apr-2016
The Society of Behavioral Medicine's 37th Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions
Monetary incentives for healthy behavior can pay off, says CU-Boulder study
Monetary rewards for healthy behavior can pay off both in the pocketbook and in positive psychological factors like internal motivation, according to a new University of Colorado Boulder study.
NSF, University of Colorado

Contact: Casey Gardiner
casey.gardiner@colorado.edu
303-492-9549
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 1-Apr-2016
ENDO 2016
Engineered ovary implant restores fertility in mice
Northwestern University scientists created a prosthetic ovary using a 3-D printer -- an implant that allowed mice that had their ovaries surgically removed to bear live young. The results will be presented Saturday, April 2, at the Endocrine Society's annual meeting, ENDO 2016, in Boston.
National Institutes of Health, Burroughs Wellcome Fund Career Award at the Scientific Interface, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program

Contact: Jenni Glenn Gingery
jgingery@endocrine.org
202-971-3655
The Endocrine Society

Public Release: 1-Apr-2016
Science Advances
Ancient Southwest marked by repeated periods of boom and bust
The heavily studied yet largely unexplained disappearance of ancestral Pueblo people from southwest Colorado is not all that unique, say Washington State University scientists. Writing in the journal Science Advances, they say the region saw three other cultural transitions over the preceding five centuries. The researchers also document recurring narratives in which the Pueblo people agreed on canons of ritual, behavior and belief that quickly dissolved as climate change hurt crops and precipitated social turmoil and violence.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kyle Bocinsky
bocinsky@wsu.edu
770-362-6659
Washington State University

Showing releases 726-750 out of 921.

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