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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 726-750 out of 896.

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Public Release: 7-Jan-2016
Scientific Reports
Penguins, food and robots
In a study reported in the Nature publication Scientific Reports, University of Delaware oceanographers consider whether Adelie penguins and gentoo penguins -- newcomers to the Palmer Station region over the last two decades -- may be competing for the same food resources and whether this might exacerbate the Adelie population decline.
National Science Foundation, NASA Biodiversity Program

Contact: Peter Bothum
University of Delaware

Public Release: 7-Jan-2016
Project to engineer cells that compute awarded $10M NSF grant
The Living Computing Project is a comprehensive effort to quantify synthetic biology using a computing engineering approach to create a toolbox of carefully measured and cataloged biological parts that can be used to engineer organisms with predictable results. The grant marks the first time explicitly exploring computing principles in multiple living organisms and openly archiving the results has been funded.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Douglas Densmore
Boston University College of Engineering

Public Release: 6-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Humans adding less nitrogen to oceans than models predict
Atmospheric models have suggested that a vast majority of nitrogen deposited in the open ocean is derived from human activities, but a new study suggests that's not so.
National Science Foundation, NOAA

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 6-Jan-2016
DNA research offers clues on cell mutation
A Colorado State University team has found that RNA plays a new and important role in the DNA repair process.
NIH/Division of Intramural Research, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Boettcher Foundation/Webb-Waring Biomedical Research Award, CNPq/Brazil, National Science Foundation/REU

Contact: Mary Guiden
Colorado State University

Public Release: 6-Jan-2016
Journal of Pediatrics
Buprenorphine found superior to Methadone in treating infants born in drug withdrawal
A study of two opioids used to wean babies born in withdrawal from drugs their mothers have taken shows that buprenorphine is superior to methadone in reducing duration of treatment and length of hospital stay.
Ohio Office of Health Transformation

Contact: Jim Feuer
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 6-Jan-2016
Child Development
Is your toddler ready for reading lessons?
Even before they can read, children as young as 3 years of age are beginning to understand how a written word is different than a simple drawing -- a nuance that could provide an important early indicator for children who may need extra help with reading lessons, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Gerry Everding
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 5-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Global mercury regulations to have major economic benefits for US
In a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, MIT researchers report that global action on reducing mercury emissions will lead to twice the economic benefits for the US, compared with domestic action, by 2050. However, those in the US who consume locally caught freshwater fish, rather than seafood from the global market, will benefit more from domestic rather than international mercury regulations.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Jan-2016
Nature Materials
Traveling salesman uncorks synthetic biology bottleneck
Researchers have created a computer program that will open a challenging field in synthetic biology to the entire world -- repetitive polypeptides. A freely available computer program based on the 'traveling salesman' mathematics problem will enable synthetic biologists to find the least-repetitive genetic code for repetitive polypeptides, allowing those with limited resources or expertise to easily explore synthetic biomaterials that were once available to only a small fraction of the field.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 5-Jan-2016
Flying lab to investigate Southern Ocean's appetite for carbon
An NCAR-led team of scientists is launching a series of research flights this month over the remote Southern Ocean in an effort to better understand just how much carbon dioxide the icy waters are able to lock away.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Hosansky
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 5-Jan-2016
Scientific Reports
Coral, seaweed and fishy appetites
Scientists find that coral touched by seaweed is repulsive to butterflyfish -- an early signal that coral reef health could be jeopardized.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Peter Bothum
University of Delaware

Public Release: 5-Jan-2016
Current Biology
New findings on embryonic heart valves may prevent congenital heart defects in newborns
Cornell biomedical engineers have discovered natural triggers that could reduce the chance of life-threatening, congenital heart defects among newborn infants. Those triggers can override developmental, biological miscues, leading to proper embryonic heart and valve formation.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, American Heart Association

Contact: Daryl Lovell
Cornell University

Public Release: 5-Jan-2016
Study details how good bacteria might help prevent middle ear infections and pneumonia
A new study from the Forsyth Institute is helping to shed more light on the important connections among the diverse bacteria in our microbiome.
NIH/National Institutes of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Swiss National Science Foundation and Swiss Foundation for Grants in Biology, Harvard Catalyst, Boston Children's Hospital, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and others

Contact: Jennifer Kelly
Forsyth Institute

Public Release: 4-Jan-2016
Journal of Biomedical Optics
OCT may speed detection of pneumonia-related bacteria in ICU patients
Hospital medical staff may soon be able to more quickly visualize the presence of biofilm in endotracheal tubes, lessening the risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia, reports a new article the Journal of Biomedical Optics. Researchers have demonstrated that demonstrated that optical coherence tomography (OCT) can be used to determine the presence of biofilm, providing an alternative to methods requiring arduous sample preparation.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Air Force Office of Scientific Research Medical Free-Electron Laser Program

Contact: Amy Nelson
SPIE--International Society for Optics and Photonics

Public Release: 4-Jan-2016
NSF CAREER award for electrically conducting polymer research
Dr. Yu Zhu at University of Akron is the recipient of a prestigious NSF CAREER Award. Zhu was awarded $538,679 for his five-year project involving the study of new types of conjugated polymers that have fused sites along their molecules, enabling hydrogen bonding. 'Understanding and controlling molecular packing in electrically conducting polymers could lead to the design of high-performance polymer electronics, which is important for applications requiring flexible, light and economical electronic materials,' says Zhu.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Craig
University of Akron

Public Release: 4-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Students with influence over peers reduce school bullying by 30 percent
Curbing school bullying has been a focal point for educators, administrators, policymakers and parents, but the answer may not lie within rules set by adults, according to new research led by Princeton University. Instead, the solution might actually be to have the students themselves, particularly those most connected to their peers, promote conflict resolution in school.
WT Grant Foundation Scholars Program, Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Princeton Educational Research Section, Russell Sage Foundation, National Science Foundation, Spencer Foundation

Contact: B. Rose Huber
Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Public Release: 4-Jan-2016
American Naturalist
Map shows hotspots for bat-human virus transmission risk
West Africa, sub-Saharan Africa and South East Asia are most at risk from bat viruses 'spilling over' into humans resulting in new emerging diseases, according to a new global map compiled by scientists at UCL, the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and the University of Edinburgh. The map shows risk levels due to a variety of factors including large numbers of different bat viruses found locally, increasing population pressure, and hunting bats for bushmeat.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation, US Agency for International Development

Contact: Rebecca Caygill
University College London

Public Release: 4-Jan-2016
Scientific Reports
Tiniest chameleons deliver most powerful tongue-lashings
A new study reports one of the most explosive movements in the animal kingdom: the mighty tongue acceleration of a chameleon just a couple of inches long. The research illustrates that to observe some of nature's best performances, scientists sometimes have to look at its littlest species.
Sigma Xi, Journal of Experimental Biology, RocketHub, National Science Foundation, Bushnell Research and Education Fund

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 31-Dec-2015
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Areas of increased poverty associated with higher rates of Ebola transmission
Since October 2014 the Ebola epidemic in West Africa has been diminishing and efforts have shifted from emergency response to prevention and mitigation of future outbreaks.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Mosoka P Fallah

Public Release: 29-Dec-2015
UW center receives $16 million to work on first implantable device to reanimate paralyzed limbs
The University of Washington-led Center for Sensorimotor Neural Engineering has received a $16 million NSF grant to develop the first implantable device to reanimate paralyzed limbs and restore motor function in stroke or spinal cord injury patients.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
University of Washington

Public Release: 29-Dec-2015
Journal of South American Earth Sciences
Reptile fossils offer clues about elevation history of Andes Mountains
Tortoise and turtle fossils, the first from the Miocene epoch found in Bolivia, suggest the Altiplano, near Quebrada Honda, was likely less than a kilometer above sea level 13 million years ago. Fossils of leaves and other animals support the suggestion.
National Geographic Society Committee for Research and Exploration, National Science Foundation, Alexander Von Humboldt Foundation

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 29-Dec-2015
Improving accuracy in genomic mapping with time-series data
Researchers at the University of Minnesota and BioNano Genomics have improved a nanochannel-based form of mapping by using dynamic time-series data to measure the probability distribution, or how much genetic material separates two labels, based on whether the strands are stretched or compressed. They detail their work this week in Biomicrofluidics.
National Institutes for Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 28-Dec-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Researchers find that in race stereotypes, issues are not so black and white
Recent race-related events in Ferguson, Mo., St. Louis, Baltimore, Chicago, Charleston, S.C., and New York City -- all point to the continuing need to study and understand race relations in modern America. These events show how race and stereotypes are intertwined and can lead to explosive situations and protests. Now, three Arizona State University researchers have approached this problem by asking, why do white Americans' stereotypes of black Americans take the particular forms they do?
National Science Foundation, Arizona State University Foundation for a New American University

Contact: Skip Derra
Arizona State University

Public Release: 28-Dec-2015
CWRU professor to build much desired chemical imager
A Case Western Reserve University faculty member has received National Science Foundation and other funding to build a faster, more capable chemical analyzer sought by science and engineering researchers, art conservators and more.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Mayhood
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 28-Dec-2015
Journal of Neuroscience
Carnegie Mellon develops new method for analyzing synaptic density
Carnegie Mellon University researchers have developed a new approach to broadly survey learning-related changes in synapse properties. In a study published in the Journal of Neuroscience, the researchers used machine-learning algorithms to analyze thousands of images from the cerebral cortex. This allowed them to identify synapses from an entire cortical region, revealing unanticipated information about how synaptic properties change during development and learning.
National Institutes of Health, McKnight Foundation, Society for Neuroscience, National Science Foundation, James S. McDonnell Foundation

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 28-Dec-2015
Advanced Functional Materials
New acoustic technique reveals structural information in nanoscale materials
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology and Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a new nondestructive technique for investigating phase transitions in materials by examining the acoustic response at the nanoscale.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Showing releases 726-750 out of 896.

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