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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 76-100 out of 836.

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Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
IUPUI School of Science biophysicist receives $470,350 NSF award
A $470,350 award from the National Science Foundation will support research at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis to gain a better understanding of how proteins form groups or clusters within cells in the living body. Abnormal protein grouping is known to be associated with cancer and with heart arrhythmias, but scant knowledge exists about how proteins group.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Journal of Economics and Management Strategy
Study: Workplace diversity can help the bottom line
An MIT economist scrutinizes firm data suggesting diverse offices function more effectively.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Psychological Science
Trying to share our 'epic' moments may leave us feeling left out
We might love to reminisce and tell others about our extraordinary experiences -- that time we climbed Mt. Kilimanjaro, got to taste a rare wine, or ran into a celebrity on the street -- but new research suggests that sharing these extraordinary experiences may come at a social cost. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
Randomized trial examines community-acquired pneumonia treatments
In a randomized clinical trial of antibiotic treatments for community-acquired pneumonia, researchers did not find that monotherapy with β-lactam alone was worse than a combination therapy with a macrolide in patients hospitalized with moderately severe pneumonia.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Geneva University Hospitals

Contact: Nicolas Garin
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Journal of Experimental Medicine
'JAKing' up blood cancers, one cell at a time
A solitary cell containing a unique abnormality can result in certain types of blood cancers known as myeloproliferative neoplasms, according to researchers in Switzerland. The results open new opportunities to examine single mutant cells and follow tumor initiation and progression of human MPN cancers.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Swiss Cancer League

Contact: Rita Sullivan King
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 6-Oct-2014
Stem Cell Research & Therapy
A new way to extract bone-making cells from fat tissue
By sorting human fat tissue cells by their expression of a certain gene, Brown University scientists were able to retrieve a high yield of cells that showed an especially strong propensity to make bone tissue. With more refinement, the method could improve the ability of surgeons to speed bone healing.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Education

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 5-Oct-2014
Angewandte Chemie
New technique to make foams could lead to lightweight, sustainable materials
Researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a new type of foam -- called capillary foam -- that solves many of the problems faced by traditional foams. The foam could be used to make lightweight, sustainable materials.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Oct-2014
Argonne researchers create more accurate model for greenhouse gases from peatlands
Scientists at Argonne have created a new model to more accurately describe the greenhouse gases likely to be released from Arctic peatlands as they warm.
United States Department of Energy's Office of Science, National Science Foundation, United States Geological Survey Climate Research & Development Program, United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service

Contact: Brian Grabowski
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 3-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Untangling how cables coil
Engineers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, along with computer scientists at Columbia University, have developed a method that predicts the pattern of coils and tangles that a cable may form when deployed onto a rigid surface. The research combined laboratory experiments with custom-designed cables, computer-graphics technology used to animate hair in movies, and theoretical analyses.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kimberly Allen
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Oct-2014
New study shows that yoga and meditation may help train the brain
New research by biomedical engineers at the University of Minnesota shows that people who practice yoga and meditation long term can learn to control a computer with their minds faster and better than people with little or no yoga or meditation experience. The research could have major implications for treatments of people who are paralyzed or have neurodegenerative diseases.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, University of Minnesota's Institute for Engineering in Medicine

Contact: Philly Lim
World Scientific

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
Making oxygen before life
About one-fifth of the Earth's atmosphere is oxygen, pumped out by green plants as a result of photosynthesis and used by most living things on the planet to keep our metabolisms running. UC Davis scientists have now shown that oxygen can be formed directly from carbon dioxide in the upper atmosphere, changing models of how the atmosphere evolved early in Earth's history.
NASA, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Andy Fell
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society
Study: Big-headed ants grow bigger when faced with fierce competitors
The big-headed ant (Pheidole megacephala) is considered one of the world's worst invasive ant species. As the name implies, its colonies include soldier ants with disproportionately large heads. Their giant, muscle-bound noggins power their biting parts, the mandibles, which they use to attack other ants and cut up prey. In a new study, researchers report that big-headed ant colonies produce larger soldiers when they encounter other ants that know how to fight back
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
SDSC granted $1.3 million award for '' data sharing infrastructure
Researchers at the San Diego Supercomputer Center at the University of California, San Diego have received a three-year, $1.3 million award from the National Science Foundation to develop a web-based resource that lets scientists seamlessly share and access preliminary results and transient data from research on a variety of platforms, including mobile devices.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jan Zverina
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
Researcher receives $1.2 million to create real-time seismic imaging system
Dr. WenZhan Song, a professor in the Department of Computer Science at Georgia State University, has received a four-year, $1.2 million grant from the National Science Foundation to create a real-time seismic imaging system using ambient noise.
National Science Foundation

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
New map exposes previously unseen details of seafloor
Scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego and their colleagues have created a new map of the world's seafloor. Twice as accurate as the previous version, the new map features a much more vivid picture of seafloor structures, including thousands of previously uncharted mountains.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, ConocoPhillips

Contact: Mario Aguilera or Robert Monroe
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
American Journal of Botany
Twice the DNA yield in less time
A new DNA isolation technique based on MagnaCel paramagnetic cellulose particles (PMC), originally designed and developed for forensic applications, was evaluated by researchers to determine its efficacy in extracting DNA from a wide range of plant species. Compared to other popular DNA extraction methods for plants, PMC was found to be more efficient and produced double the DNA yield. The study is available in the October 2014 issue of Applications in Plant Sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Parada
American Journal of Botany

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
Princeton scientists observe elusive particle that is its own antiparticle
Princeton University scientists have observed an exotic particle that behaves simultaneously like matter and antimatter, a feat of math and engineering that could yield powerful computers based on quantum mechanics.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Princeton Center for Complex Materials, Welch Foundation

Contact: Steven Schultz
Princeton University

Public Release: 2-Oct-2014
Study of mountain lion energetics shows the power of the pounce
Scientists at UC Santa Cruz, using a new wildlife tracking collar they developed, were able to continuously monitor the movements of mountain lions in the wild and determine how much energy the big cats use to stalk, pounce, and overpower their prey. Their findings help explain why most cats use a 'stalk and pounce' hunting strategy.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Biology Letters
New study first to document the voices of fish larvae
A new study from researchers at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science is the first to document that fish larvae produce sound. These 'knock' and 'growl' sounds may help small larvae maintain group cohesion in the dark.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Spiders: Survival of the fittest group
Theorists have long debated the existence and power of a type of evolution called group selection. Now, studying social spiders, two scientists have uncovered the first-ever experimental evidence of group selection driving collective traits in wild populations of these spiders.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Brown
University of Vermont

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
UT Arlington big data analytics could yield better treatment for pain management
A UT Arlington multi-disciplinary team is optimizing and integrating volumes of data in a National Science Foundation research project to help physicians make better, more informed decisions about treating patients' pain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Carnegie Mellon leads new NSF project mining educational data to improve learning
Carnegie Mellon University will lead a five-year, $5 million early implementation project sponsored by the National Science Foundation to improve educational outcomes and advance the science of learning by creating a large, distributed infrastructure called LearnSphere that will securely store data on how students learn.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Byron Spice
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
UT Dallas Cybersecurity program earns $3.9 million award
The scholarship program will build on solid infrastructure and expand public outreach efforts.
National Science Foundation

Contact: LaKisha Ladson
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Nano Letters
Stressed out: Research sheds new light on why rechargeable batteries fail
Lithium ions traveling through a zinc antimonide anode cause local stress and phase transitions, a process dubbed atomic shuffling. These changes may help explain why most anodes made of layered materials eventually fail.
National Science Foundation, American Chemical Society -- Petroleum Research Fund

Contact: Jennifer Donovan
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Psychiatric Services
Public feels more negative toward drug addicts than mentally ill
People are significantly more likely to have negative attitudes toward those suffering from drug addiction than those with mental illness, and don't support insurance, housing and employment policies that benefit those dependent on drugs, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests.
American International Group, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Science Foundation, Indiana University

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Showing releases 76-100 out of 836.

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