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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 76-100 out of 854.

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Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
Researchers to develop breathalyzer-type low blood sugar warning device for diabetes
A multidisciplinary team of researchers at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis has been awarded a $738,000 National Science Foundation grant to develop a breathalyzer-type device to detect the onset of hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar episodes, in people with diabetes.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Rich Schneider
Indiana University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
Lab on a Chip
A fast cell sorter shrinks to cell phone size
Commercially available cell sorters can rapidly and accurately aid medical diagnosis and biological research, but they are large and expensive, present a biohazard and may damage cells. Now a team of researchers has developed a cell sorter based on acoustic waves that can compete with existing fluorescence-activated cell sorters and is an inexpensive lab on a chip.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Research uncovers microsopic key to reducing ocean dead zones
Microbiologists at BYU, with financial backing from the National Science Foundation and the US Department of Agriculture, are addressing the global environmental issue of ocean dead zones. Their research, the most recent of which publishes this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, is discovering the potential of naturally occurring bacteria called rhizobia to stem the tide of oversaturation with nitrogen-based fertilizers.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Agrictulture

Contact: Todd Hollingshead
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
WSU researcher receives grant to build family audio database
Computer, speech and cognitive sciences will benefit from audio recordings of children's communications that will be compiled into a database with funding from a National Science Foundation grant.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mark VanDam, WSU Speech and Hearing Sciences
Washington State University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
Hybrid walking exoskeleton research at Pitt receives NSF funding
Outside of sci-fi, the idea of donning a bionic suit, rocketing into the sky, and saving the world hasn't quite gotten off the ground; however, two new grants totaling $500,209 from the National Science Foundation will help researchers at the University of Pittsburgh make great strides in helping paraplegics walk while wearing a mechanical exoskeleton.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Kovach
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
Acta Palaeontologica Polonica
New hadrosaur species discovered on Alaska's North Slope
Museum researchers have described a new species of dinosaur based on fossils excavated from Alaska's North Slope. The world's northernmost dinosaurs lived in darkness for months at a time and probably experienced snow. The three known species documented from the North Slope so far are distinct, evidence that the dinosaurs living in polar latitudes in what is now Alaska were not the same species found from the same time periods in lower latitudes.
National Science Foundation, Bureau of Land Management

Contact: Theresa Bakker
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
Researcher finds novel way to monitor serious blood disorder using a smart phone
A researcher from Florida Atlantic University will develop a portable smart sensor and a phone application for patients with sickle cell disease to analyze and store the results of their blood tests on a smart phone. There are currently no such field sensors available for patients with sickle cell disease.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gisele Galoustian
Florida Atlantic University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
Nature Communications
First circularly polarized light detector on a silicon chip
Invention of the first integrated circularly polarized light detector on a silicon chip opens the door for development of small, portable sensors could expand the use of polarized light for drug screening, surveillance, etc.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, US Army Research Office, Volkswagen Foundation

Contact: David F. Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 22-Sep-2015
Science Bulletin
Chinese continental shelf of exotic origin collided with continental China 100 million years ago
Continental shelf is known as the offshore extension of the continent. However, scientists have discovered that the Chinese continental shelf is different. It was an exotic terrain that collided with continental China 100 million years ago. This new understanding helps solve a chain of puzzles on the geological evolution of the western Pacific and eastern Asia since the Mesozoic, including the widespread within-plate magmatism in eastern China as a special consequence of plate tectonics.
Durham University, Chinese National Science Foundation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese National Oceanography Laboratory, and others

Contact: Yaoling Niu
Science China Press

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Atomic fractals in metallic glasses
The atoms that make up metallic glasses lack the orderly lattice structure present in most other crystalline solids. Researchers have now shown that within randomly packed clusters of atoms, a fractal pattern emerges at the scale of two atomic diameters.
US Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences, NASA, National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Nature Plants
Secret unlocked to rice seed survival when underwater
A team of scientists from the University of California, Riverside and the International Rice Research Institute, the Philippines, have done a study unlocking the secret to just how rice seeds might be able to survive when grown under water. The study identified a gene -- the AG1 gene -- that controls the availability of sugar to a growing seed shoot -- especially when under flooded conditions.
National Science Foundation, German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Global Rice Research Partnership

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Earliest evidence of ancient North American salmon fishing verified
Researchers in Alaska have found the earliest known evidence that Ice Age humans in North America used salmon as a food source, according to a new paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Marmian Grimes
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists sequence genome of worm that can regrow body parts, seeking stem cell insights
Tourists spending a recuperative holiday on the Italian coast may be envious of the regenerative abilities of locally found flatworm M. lignano. Named for an Italian beach town the tiny worm can regenerate almost its whole body following injury. Researchers have now sequenced its genome.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, The Swiss National Science Foundation, CSHL Cancer Center Support Grant

Contact: Peter Tarr
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Biologist David Lohman leads $2.5 million NSF-funded study on butterfly evolution
Dr. David J. Lohman, assistant professor of biology at The City College of New York, and his colleagues received $2.5 million in grants from the National Science Foundation for a collaborative study to resolve the evolutionary history of all butterfly species.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jay Mwamba
City College of New York

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Pairs of supermassive black holes in galaxies may be rarer than previously thought
Astronomers analyzing new images of 'X-shaped galaxies' conclude that their peculiar shape is less-commonly caused by mergers than was thought. This result could lower the level of gravitational waves coming from such galaxies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Ecology Letters
Study: It's not cheating unless a species gets hurt
A review of dozens of key ecological studies has found very little evidence to support one of the field's commonly held beliefs: Cheating is widespread among 'mutualists,' species that cooperate with one another for mutual benefit.
National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, State of California, University of California at Santa Barbara

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Scientific Reports
4-D technology allows self-folding of complex objects
Using components made from smart shape-memory materials with slightly different responses to heat, researchers have demonstrated a four-dimensional printing technology that allowed creation of complex self-folding structures.
US Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, Singapore National Research Foundation

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Acta Crystallographica Section D
Predicting X-ray diffuse scattering from translation-libration-screw structural ensembles
Protein flexibility is essential for enzymatic turnover, signalling regulation and protein-protein interactions. Multiple crystal structures are routinely compared to identify these motions and to derive hypotheses about the role of correlated motions in executing protein function. However, if only a single crystal form is available, evidence of concerted motion must be extracted from the spread in the electron density. Diffuse X-ray scattering can help by reporting on correlated atomic displacements.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Integrated Structural Biology

Contact: Dr. Jonathan Agbenyega
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A
Study: Fukushima disaster was preventable
Researchers distilled thousands of pages of government and industry reports and hundreds of news stories, focusing on the run-up to the disaster and found that a cascade of errors led to the accident.
ASTARTE, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
IEEE Conference on Communications and Network Security
'SafePay': First anti-fraud system to use existing credit card readers
For the first time, researchers have developed an inexpensive, secure method to prevent mass credit card fraud using existing magnetic card readers. The novel technique -- called SafePay -- works by transforming disposable credit card information to electrical current and driving a magnetic card chip to simulate the behavior of a physical magnetic card.
Qatar National Research Fun, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lori Friedman
Lehigh University

Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Nature Materials
Proteins assemble and disassemble on command
Scientists have deciphered the genetic code that instructs proteins to either self-assemble or disassemble in response to environmental stimuli, such as changes in temperature, salinity or acidity. The discovery provides a new platform for drug delivery systems and an entirely different view of cellular functions.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Tree of life' for 2.3 million species released; U-M plays key role in project
A first draft of the 'tree of life' for the roughly 2.3 million named species of animals, plants, fungi and microbes has been released, and two University of Michigan biologists played a key role in its creation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Tree of life' for 2.3 million species released
A first draft of the tree of life for all 2.3 million named species of animals, plants, fungi and microbes has been released. Thousands of smaller trees have been published over the years for select branches, but this is the first time those results have been combined into a single tree. The end result is a digital resource that is available online for anyone to use or edit, much like a 'Wikipedia' for evolutionary relationships.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karl Bates
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
IU psychologist leads $700,000 NSF grant to create machines that think like toddlers
An IU cognitive scientist and collaborators will lead a study to create of machines that recognize objects with the same ease as children as well as lead to new, more sophisticated digital object-recognition technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
Indiana University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Improving collaboration between Native Americans and climate scientists
Hoping to improve Native American tribes' access to climate science tools, a Michigan State University researcher will use a four-year $450,000 National Science Foundation grant to foster better relations between tribes and scientific organizations when dealing with climate change.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kristen Parker
Michigan State University

Showing releases 76-100 out of 854.

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