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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 76-100 out of 935.

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Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
BMC Biology
Can animals thrive without oxygen?
In 2010, a research team garnered attention when it published evidence of finding the first animals living in permanently anoxic conditions at the bottom of the sea. But a new study, led by scientists at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, raises doubts.
National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Office
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Scientific Reports
Why do scientists chase unicorns?
Scientists chase unicorns because if they could prove the existence of the magical beasts, the world would be a better place. Take Maren Friesen, Michigan State University plant biologist, for example. Her quest was to find near-mythical bacteria that could fix their own nitrogen. Her search for such magical beasties was based on results from Germany published in the 1990s that seemed to confirm their existence.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
Michigan State University

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Major storm events play key role in biogeochemistry of watersheds
A new Yale-led study finds that heavy weather events cause an inordinate amount of organic material to bypass headwater systems, pushing them downstream into larger rivers and coastal waters and inland basins -- with profound implications for water quality through the watershed.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Scientific expedition to Antarctica will search for dinosaurs and more
An international team of researchers supported by the National Science Foundation will journey to Antarctica this month to search for evidence that the now-frozen continent may have been the starting point for some important species that roam the Earth today.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Anton Caputo
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 1-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
A better model for Parkinson's disease
Scientists at EPFL solve a longstanding problem with modeling Parkinson's disease in animals. Using newfound insights, they improve both cell and animal models for the disease, which can propel research and drug development.
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Swiss National Science Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 29-Jan-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
Moon's tidal forces affect amount of rainfall on Earth
Satellite data shows that the moon's gravity puts a slight damper on rainfall on Earth.
National Science Foundation, Tanaka Ikueikai Scholarship Society, Iizuka Takeshi Scholarship Foundation

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 29-Jan-2016
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Ancient rocks of Tetons formed by continental collisions
Plate tectonics were operating in what is now western Wyoming long before the collisions that created the Himalayas starting 40 million years ago.
National Science Foundation, University of Wyoming/Grand Teton National Park

Contact: Carol Frost
University of Wyoming

Public Release: 29-Jan-2016
Science Advances
Cornell researchers create first self-assembled superconductor
Building on nearly two decades' worth of research, a multidisciplinary team at Cornell has blazed a new trail by creating a self-assembled, three-dimensional gyroidal superconductor.
National Science Foundation, US Dept. of Energy

Contact: Daryl Lovell
Cornell University

Public Release: 29-Jan-2016
Nature Communications
CU-Boulder study: Ancient extinction of giant Australian bird points to humans
The first direct evidence that humans played a substantial role in the extinction of the huge, wondrous beasts inhabiting Australia some 50,000 years ago -- in this case a 500-pound bird -- has been discovered by a University of Colorado Boulder-led team.
National Science Foundation, The Australian Research Council

Contact: Gifford Miller
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Conservation Biology
Wildlife win when cash takes edge off 'park vs. people' conservation conflict
Conserving wildlife habitat sounds noble, but when it comes down to work or sacrifice, cold hard cash -- a decent amount of it -- goes a long way.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Sue Nichols
Michigan State University

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Neurobiology of Disease
New therapy halts progression of Lou Gehrig's disease in mice
Researchers announced today that they have essentially stopped the progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's disease, for nearly two years in one type of mouse model used to study the disease -- allowing the mice to approach their normal lifespan. The findings are compelling and promising, scientists say.
National Institutes of Health, ALS Association, National Science Foundation, Department of Defense

Contact: Joe Beckman
Oregon State University

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Failing hearts use alternative fuel for energy
Findings suggest a new approach to treat early heart failure.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gammon
Sanford-Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
UMass Amherst neuroscientist receives $599,000 grant to study brain function
Cognitive neuroscientist Rosie Cowell at UMass Amherst recently received a five-year, $599,619 NSF CAREER award to develop and test a theory of how memory interacts with fine-grained visual perception and how both brain functions depend on the medial temporal lobe, once thought to be critical for memory but not for visual perception. It has become clear that a segregated model of separate brain regions being responsible for single functions such as language or memory is not accurate.
National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development program

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Treating Parkinson's disease by solving the mysteries of movement
Two secrets of one of the brain's most enigmatic regions have finally been revealed. In a pair of studies published in Cell and Neuron, scientists from the Gladstone Institutes have discovered a specific neural circuit that controls walking, and they found that input to this circuit is disrupted in Parkinson's disease. The research reveals two potential new targets to treat movement disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Center for Research Resources, Swiss National Science Foundations, State of California

Contact: Dana Smith
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Researchers develop completely new kind of polymer
Imagine a polymer with removable parts that can deliver something to the environment and then be chemically regenerated to function again. Or a polymer that can contract and expand the way muscles do. These functions require polymers with both rigid and soft nano-sized compartments with extremely different properties. Northwestern University researchers have developed a hybrid polymer of this type that might one day be used in artificial muscles; for delivery of drugs or biomolecules; in self-repairing materials; and for replaceable energy sources.
National Science Foundation, DOE's Biomolecular Materials Program, DOE's EFRC Center for Bio-Inspired Energy Science

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Microtubules, assemble!
Now, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have observed how microtubules and motor proteins assemble into macroscopic networks. Their observation provides a better understanding of cytoskeletal self-organization in general, which may in turn lead to better drug design and new materials that can mimic cellular behaviors.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Human Frontier Science Program

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
ACS Nano
Too-few proteins prompt nanoparticles to clump
Low concentrations of serum albumin proteins have the ability to bind one-to-one to gold nanoparticles and, upon unfolding, prompt them to aggregate, according to Rice University scientists. The finding may be important to those who study diseases caused by protein aggregation or nanoparticle toxicity.
National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Heavy fermions get nuclear boost on way to superconductivity
Physicists from the United States, Germany and China have made a surprising discovery that the arrangement of atomic nuclei spins helps bring about superconductivity in ytterbium dirhodium disilicide, one of the most-studied materials in a class of quantum critical compounds known as 'heavy fermions.'
German Research Foundation, Robert A. Welch Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
PLOS Computational Biology
Scientists decode brain signals nearly at speed of perception
Using electrodes implanted in the temporal lobes of awake patients, scientists have decoded brain signals at nearly the speed of perception. Further, analysis of patients' neural responses to two categories of visual stimuli -- images of faces and houses -- enabled the scientists to subsequently predict which images the patients were viewing, and when, with better than 95 percent accuracy.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration GraduateStudent Research Program, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, US Army

Contact: Rajesh Rao
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
New insights into PI3K pathway and cancer metabolism
New research led by scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) provides important insights into the biology that underlies glycolysis, the metabolic process that enables cancer cells to generate biomass and energy, confirming the importance of sugar to cancer survival.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Science Foundation, Stand Up 2 Cancer, Breast Cancer Research Foundation, Mary Kay Ash Foundation, Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Cell Reports
Researchers shed new light on regulation of repetitive DNA sequences
A pair of studies by a team of scientists has shed new light on the nature of a particular type of DNA sequences --tandem DNA repeat arrays -- that play important roles in transcription control, genome organization, and development.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society A
Reconfigurable origami tubes could find antenna, microfluidic uses
Origami, the ancient art of paper folding, may soon provide a foundation for antennas that can reconfigure themselves to operate at different frequencies, microfluidic devices whose properties can change in operation -- and even heating and air-conditioning ductwork that adjusts to demand.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
RIT faculty studies productivity and international computer tech transfer
It's hard to imagine life today without computers, but computer technology was not warmly welcomed in Germany following World War II. That's one conclusion Assistant Professor Corinna Schlombs, who teaches history in Rochester Institute of Technology's College of Liberal Arts, found while studying productivity and trans-Atlantic technology transfer and their impact following the war. Her research was made possible with a $90,000 grant from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Greg Livadas
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
Long-term study shows impact of humans on land
Humans have been working the land to sustain our lives for millennia. This has created socio-ecological systems and landscapes that are a product of both human actions and natural forces. Now researchers from Arizona State University are reporting on a 10-year project that studies the long-term effects humans have had on the land. Their research has led to some surprising reasons why communities survive or fail.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Skip Derra
Arizona State University

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
KU to train next-generation cybersecurity experts for government service
A new initiative, called CyberCorps: New Scholarship for Service Program at the University of Kansas -- Jayhawk SFS, will support dozens of undergraduate, master's and doctoral students, who following graduation from the University of Kansas commit in turn to work at government cybersecurity jobs safeguarding critical infrastructure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
University of Kansas

Showing releases 76-100 out of 935.

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