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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 76-100 out of 818.

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Public Release: 6-May-2015
PLOS ONE
Securing the supply of sea scallops for today and tomorrow
Good management has brought the $559 million United States sea scallop fishery back from the brink of collapse over the past 20 years. However, its current fishery management plan does not account for longer-term environmental change like ocean warming and acidification that may affect the fishery in the future. A group of researchers from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, NOAA's National Marine Fisheries Service, and Ocean Conservancy hope to change that.
National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science's Center for Sponsored Coastal Ocean Research, National Science Foundation via the Carnegie Mellon Climate Energy and Decision Making Center, NOAA's Northeast Fisheries Science Center

Contact: WHOI Media Relations Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Advanced Science
Tiny silicone spheres come out of the mist
Technology in common household humidifiers could enable the next wave of high-tech medical imaging and targeted medicine, thanks to a new method for making tiny silicone microspheres developed by chemists at the University of Illinois. The researchers made silicone microspheres with a variety of properties for different applications, including colored, fluorescent and magnetic spheres.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Liz Ahlberg
eahlberg@illinois.edu
217-244-1073
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Nature Geoscience
Explosive volcanoes fueled by water, say Oregon researchers
University of Oregon geologists have tapped water in surface rocks to show how magma forms deep underground and produces explosive volcanoes in the Cascade Range.
National Science Foundation, Carnegie Institution

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Project seeks climate clues deep in Indonesian lakebed
An international team of scientists has kicked off a project to sample the ancient sediments beneath Lake Towuti on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi. The sediment cores the project retrieves could help scientists reconstruct the climate history of a region that wields a weighty influence on climate conditions the world over.
International Continental Drilling Program, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 6-May-2015
BMC Systems Biology
From the depths of a microscopic world, spontaneous cooperation
A clever combination of two different types of computer simulations enabled a group of Illinois researchers to uncover an unexpectedly cooperative group dynamic: the spontaneous emergence of resource sharing among individuals in a community. Who were the members of this friendly, digitally represented collective? Escherichia coli, rod-shaped bacteria found in the digestive systems of humans and many other animals.
US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, Edelheit Foundation, Center for the Physics of Living Cells, National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
nvasi@illinois.edu
Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 6-May-2015
Journal of Experimental Biology
Extreme excavation: Fire ant style
Scientists from the Georgia Institute of Technology, USA, have investigated how fire ants excavate their impressive nests using complex 3-D CT-scanning and discovered that the pests are successful invaders because they are able to construct nests regardless of grain size, in addition to showing how the ants manipulate soil granules while removing spoil from their tunnels.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathryn Knight
kathryn@biologists.com
44-012-234-25525
The Company of Biologists

Public Release: 5-May-2015
Cell
New form of DNA modification may carry inheritable information
Scientists at the University of Chicago, Harvard, and China have described the surprising discovery and function of a new DNA modification in insects, worms, and algae.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Koppes
skoppes@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 5-May-2015
Earthquake scientists go to Himalayas for seismic research
Steve Wesnousky, a geologist and professor at the University of Nevada, Reno, has been studying the Himalayan Frontal Thrust Fault since 1999. With a new NSF grant he is in Nepal and India studying the latest earthquake. He is accompanied by two graduate students from the University's Center for Neotectonics Studies.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Mike Wolterbeek
mwolterbeek@unr.edu
University of Nevada, Reno

Public Release: 5-May-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How noise changes the way the brain gets information
In a study on mice, cells that relay information from the ear to the brain changed their behavior and structure in response to the noise level in the environment. Researchers think the adaptations could aid hearing in different conditions.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Dalai Lama Trust Fund

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
chsu22@buffalo.edu
716-645-4655
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 4-May-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New technique shows shale-drilling additives in drinking-water taps near leak
Substances commonly used for drilling or extracting Marcellus shale gas foamed from the drinking water taps of three Pennsylvania homes near a reported well-pad leak, according to new analysis from a team of scientists.
National Science Foundation, Restek Corporation, Leco Corporation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 4-May-2015
Nature Climate Change
New climate projections paint bleak future for tropical coral reefs
As greater atmospheric carbon dioxide boosts sea temperatures, tropical corals face a bleak future. New climate model projections show that conditions are likely to increase the frequency and severity of coral disease outbreaks, reports a team of researchers led by Cornell University scientists, published today in Nature Climate Change.
NOAA Climate Program Office and National Science Foundation

Contact: Syl Kacapyr
vpk6@cornell.edu
607-255-7701
Cornell University

Public Release: 4-May-2015
2015 Adhesive and Sealant Council Annual Meeting
Puget Sound's clingfish could inspire better medical devices, whale tags
Researchers at the University of Washington's Friday Harbor Laboratories are looking at how the biomechanics of clingfish could be helpful in designing devices and instruments to be used in surgery and even to tag and track whales in the ocean.
National Science Foundation, The Seaver Foundation

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 4-May-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Pollen and clouds: April flowers bring May showers?
The main job of pollen is to help seed the next generation of trees and plants, but a new study from the University of Michigan and Texas A&M shows that the grains might also seed clouds.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
734-647-7087
University of Michigan

Public Release: 4-May-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Virginia Tech researcher shines light on origin of bioluminescence
Bioluminescence at least in one millipede may have evolved as a way to survive in a hot, dry environment, not as a means to ward off predators, according to scientists publishing in this week's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society

Contact: Amy Loeffler
amyll8@exchange.vt.edu
540-231-6975
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 4-May-2015
Nature Nanotechnology
Defects in atomically thin semiconductor emit single photons
Researchers at the University of Rochester have shown that defects on an atomically thin semiconductor can produce light-emitting quantum dots. The quantum dots serve as a source of single photons and could be useful for the integration of quantum photonics with solid-state electronics -- a combination known as integrated photonics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Leonor Sierra
lsierra@ur.rochester.edu
585-276-6264
University of Rochester

Public Release: 3-May-2015
Genes & Development
Study shows where damaged DNA goes for repair
New research sheds light on the process of DNA repair in the cell. Expanded repeats of the CAG/CTG trinucleotide in yeast shift to the periphery of the cell nucleus for repair. This shift is important for preventing repeat instability and genetic disease. Going out to the 'repair shop' at the nuclear periphery is a previously unrecognized yet important step to maintain repetitive DNA and to prevent damage to chromosomes.
National Institutes of Health, Tufts University, Swiss National Science Foundation, Human Frontiers Science Program

Contact: Kim Thurler
kim.thurler@tufts.edu
617-627-3175
Tufts University

Public Release: 1-May-2015
Science
Beetlejuice! Secrets of beetle sprays unlocked at the Advanced Photon Source
Researchers using the Advanced Photon Source, a US Department of Energy user facility at Argonne National Laboratory, have gotten the first-ever look inside the living beetle as it sprays. The results are published today in Science.
US Army Research Laboratory, US Army Research Office/MIT Institute of Soldier Nanotechnologies, National Science Foundation, US Department of Defense, US Department of Energy's Office of Science

Contact: Louise Lerner
Louise@anl.gov
630-252-5526
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 1-May-2015
Science Advances
Inanimate beads behave in lifelike ways
Synthetic microscopic beads sense changes in their environment and self-propel to migrate upstream, a step toward the realization of biomimetic microsystems with the ability to sense and respond to environmental changes.
National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, NASA, Moore Foundation

Contact: Susan Brown
sdbrown@ucsd.edu
858-246-0161
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 1-May-2015
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Citizen science helps predict spread of sudden oak death
Efforts to predict the emergence and spread of sudden oak death, an infectious tree-killing disease, have gotten a big boost from the work of grassroots volunteers. A joint study led by researchers at UC Berkeley and NC State reveals that years of data from SOD Blitz, a survey project in which volunteers are trained to identify symptoms of sudden oak death, led to better predictive models of the disease's spread.
National Science Foundation, US Forest Service, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, PG&E Foundation

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 1-May-2015
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Citizen science helps predict risk of emerging infectious disease
More than 1,600 trained citizen scientists boosted the reach and accuracy of a long-term geographic mapping project to predict the spread of sudden oak death, an infectious disease that's killed millions of trees in California and Oregon. Results showed that trained volunteers were just as reliable in collecting data as professionals, resulting in accurate computer models for predicting the plant disease's spread.
National Science Foundation, US Forest Service, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Ross Meentemeyer
rkmeente@ncsu.edu
919-513-2372
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
Applications in Plant Sciences
See flower cells in 3-D -- no electron microscopy required
High-resolution imaging of plant cells is important in many plant studies, and the most commonly used method is scanning electron microscopy (SEM). But SEM can have limitations, including damage to material during sample preparation and high equipment costs. Researchers at the University of Florida have developed an optical sectioning–3-D reconstruction method using a compound fluorescence light microscope. The new method (published in Applications in Plant Sciences) is simpler and more cost-effective than SEM.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Parada
apps@botany.org
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
Geophysical Research Letters
Dull forest glow yields orbital tracking of photosynthesis
New research provides some crucial ground truth for a method of measuring plant photosynthesis on a global scale from orbit. The work shows that chlorophyll fluorescence, a faint glow produced by plant leaves as a byproduct of photosynthesis, is a strong proxy for photosynthetic activity in the canopy of a deciduous forest.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Long Term Ecological Research Network

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
IU researcher looks to Internet as new frontier in collecting data on the mind
With Apple's launch of new health tracking tools for the iPhone and medical researchers' forays into Facebook to recruit clinical trial volunteers, Web and mobile apps are increasingly seen as a new source for health data. But psychologists are also looking to the Internet as a new source of information about the mind -- and an Indiana University researcher is on the forefront of those developing the tools to make it happen.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
317-278-0088
Indiana University

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
Rehab robot HARMONY introduced by UT Austin engineers
Mechanical engineering researcher Ashish Deshpande and a team of graduate students from the Rehabilitation and Neuromuscular (ReNeu) Robotics Lab designed the exoskeleton, named HARMONY, to deliver full upper-body therapy with natural motion and tunable pressure and force, enabling the robot to feel weightless to patients. HARMONY's software will give therapists and doctors the ability to deliver precise therapy while tracking and analyzing data.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ashley Lindstrom
ashley.lindstrom@utexas.edu
512-232-7121
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 30-Apr-2015
Applications in Plant Sciences
MarkerMiner 1.0: An easy-to-use bioinformatics platform for DNA analysis in angiosperms
Researchers have developed MarkerMiner, a new software that simplifies analysis of next-generation sequencing data in angiosperms. MarkerMiner is an automated, open-source, bioinformatics workflow that aids plant researchers in the discovery of single-copy nuclear genes. The software (published in Applications in Plant Sciences) is easy to use, offers a multipurpose, configurable output, and is accessible to users with limited bioinformatics training or without access to computing resources.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Parada
apps@botany.org
Botanical Society of America

Showing releases 76-100 out of 818.

[ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 ]

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