National Science Foundation
Search NSF News:
 
{NSF_SLIDER}
NSF Main
NSF News
NSF Funded Research News
 
News by Research Area
Arctic & Antarctic
Astronomy & Space
Biology
Chemistry & Materials
Computing
Earth & Environment
Education
Engineering
Mathematics
Nanoscience
People & Society
Physics
 
At nsf.gov
Contacts Page
Multimedia Gallery
Media Advisories
Publications
Special Reports
Awards Search
Science & Engineering Stats
NSF & Congress
About NSF
RSS Feed RSS Feed
Back to EurekAlert! A Service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 76-100 out of 899.

[ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 ]

Public Release: 11-May-2016
ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
In a connected world, privacy becomes a group effort
As the world grows more social and connects more online, privacy management is becoming more collaborative, according to Penn State researchers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 11-May-2016
NSF grant to enable research computing infrastructure dedicated to science and engineering
A $500,000 grant from the National Science Foundation will enable FAU to install networking infrastructure to amplify its ability to conduct data-intensive science and engineering research. Referred to as a DMZ, the network isolates research traffic from other university network operations to achieve high performance. With a tenfold increase in capacity, the DMZ will span the Boca Raton, Jupiter, and Harbor Branch campuses, as well as Scripps Florida and the Max Planck Florida Institute.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gisele Galoustian
ggaloust@fau.edu
561-297-2676
Florida Atlantic University

Public Release: 11-May-2016
Nature
Chicken coops, sewage treatment plants are hot spots of antibiotic resistance
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria most often are associated with hospitals and other health-care settings, but a new study indicates that chicken coops and sewage treatment plants also are hot spots of antibiotic resistance.
Edward Mallinckrodt Jr. Foundation, Children's Discovery Institute, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation, Department of Defense

Contact: Diane Duke Williams
williamsdia@wustl.edu
314-286-0111
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 10-May-2016
Physical Review X
New device steps toward isolating single electrons for quantum computing
Researchers at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory have integrated trapped electrons with superconducting quantum circuits.
National Science Foundation, David and Lucile Packard Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Steve Koppes
skoppes@uchicago.edu
773-702-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 10-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Silk stabilizes blood samples for months at high temperatures
Researchers at Tufts University have stabilized blood samples for long periods of time without refrigeration and at high temperatures by encapsulating them in air-dried silk protein. The technique, published online in PNAS, has broad applications for clinical care and research that rely on accurate analysis of blood and other biofluids.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Kim Thurler
kim.thurler@tufts.edu
617-627-3175
Tufts University

Public Release: 10-May-2016
mBio
Tuberculosis in mongoose driven by social behaviors
Mongoose use urine and anal gland secretions to communicate with other members of their species. However, in the mongoose, secretions from sick animals were found to be infected with the TB pathogen.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lynn Davis
davisl@vt.edu
540-231-6157
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 10-May-2016
ACS Synthetic Biology
Photosynthetic bacteria give biologists a cool new tool
Rice University bioengineers have converted a protein pathway found in freshwater photosynthetic bacteria into the first engineered transcriptional regulatory tool that is activated exclusively by UV-violet light. The tool could make the manufacture of drugs and other substances by engineered bacteria more efficient.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 10-May-2016
ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing
Big thinking in small pieces: Computer guides humans in crowdsourced research
Getting a bunch of people to collectively research and write a coherent report without any one person seeing the big picture may seem akin to a group of toddlers producing Hamlet by randomly pecking at typewriters. But Carnegie Mellon University researchers have shown it actually works pretty well -- if a computer guides the process. Their system, called the Knowledge Accelerator, uses a machine-learning program to sort and organize information uncovered by individuals focused on just a small segment of the larger project.
National Science Foundation, Google, Bosch

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 10-May-2016
Environmental Science & Technology Letters
Radioactive isotopes reveal age of oil and gas wastewater spills
A Duke study shows that radium isotopes in soils can be used to determine the age of oil and gas wastewater spills. Three new isotopic age-dating methods developed by the team could be useful for identifying the source of a spill where it's not certain if contamination stems from recent unconventional oil and gas drilling or from older, conventional oil and gas operations in the same watershed.
National Science Foundation, Park Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 10-May-2016
eLife
Hijacked cell division helped fuel rise of fungi
The more than 90,000 known species of fungi may owe their abilities to spread and even cause disease to an ancient virus that hijacked their cell division machinery, researchers report. Over a billion years ago, a viral protein invaded the fungal genome, generating a family of proteins that now play key roles in fungal growth. The research could point to new antifungals that inhibit cell division in fungi but not in their plant or animal hosts.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

Contact: Robin Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 10-May-2016
Journal of Applied Physics
Researchers integrate diamond/boron nitride crystalline layers for high-power devices
Materials researchers have developed a new technique to deposit diamond on the surface of cubic boron nitride, integrating the two materials into a single crystalline structure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 10-May-2016
American Economic Review
Young women in STEM fields earn up to one-third less than men
One year after they graduate, women with Ph.D.s in science and engineering fields earn 31 percent less than do men, according to a new study using previously unavailable data.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Aging, Sloan Foundation, Kauffman Foundation

Contact: Bruce Weinberg
Weinberg.27@osu.edu
614-292-5642
Ohio State University

Public Release: 10-May-2016
Circulation Research: Journal of the American Heart Association
Common antacid linked to accelerated vascular aging
Chronic use of some drugs for heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) speeds up the aging of blood vessels. This accelerated aging in humans could lead to increased cardiovascular disease, vascular dementia and renal failure.
National Institutes of Health, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Gale Smith
gsmith@houstonmethodist.org
281-627-0439
Houston Methodist

Public Release: 10-May-2016
Circulation Research
Heartburn drug damages blood vessel cells in lab finding
A commonly used heartburn medication caused blood vessel cells to age faster in laboratory testing. These findings could help explain recent reports linking long-term use of heartburn medication to several serious illnesses, including heart disease, kidney disease and dementia. Clinical studies still are necessary to determine if the drugs damage blood vessel cells within the body.
National Institutes of Health, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Akeem Ranmal
akeem.ranmal@heart.org
214-706-1755
American Heart Association

Public Release: 10-May-2016
American Institute of Mathematics Workshop on Higher Rank L-Functions
Exploring the mathematical universe
A team of more than 80 mathematicians from 12 countries has begun charting the terrain of rich, new mathematical worlds, and sharing their discoveries on the Web. The mathematical universe is filled with both familiar and exotic items, many of which are being made available for the first time. The project provides a new tool for several branches of mathematics, physics, and computer science.
American Institute of Mathematics, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, European Commission, Institute for Computational and Experimental Research in Mathematics, Mathematical Sciences Research Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Farmer
farmer@aimath.org
570-238-3290
American Institute of Mathematics

Public Release: 9-May-2016
Science
New Oligocene primates from China highlight key evolutionary period
In a study published May 6 in Science, Dr. Ni Xijun, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology and his team reported the discovery of a diverse primate fauna from the early Oligocene of southern China. Asian and Afro-Arabian primate faunas responded differently to EOT climatic deterioration, indicating that the EOT functioned as a critical evolutionary filter constraining the subsequent course of primate evolution across the Old World.
Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Basic Research Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Science Foundation.

Contact: Ni Xijun
nixijun@ivpp.ac.cn
Chinese Academy of Sciences Headquarters

Public Release: 9-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UGA study finds Saharan dust affects marine bacteria, potential pathogen Vibrio
Iron can be hard to hard to come by in open marine waters -- except each summer, when atmospherically transported dust from north Africa's Sahara Desert provides pulses of biologically important nutrients, including iron, to the tropical marine waters of the Caribbean and southeastern US. University of Georgia researchers found Vibrio bacteria respond rapidly to this influx of iron-rich Saharan dust, leading to large blooms of the potentially harmful bacteria.
NOAA, National Science Foundation

Contact: Stephanie Schupska
schupska@uga.edu
706-542-6927
University of Georgia

Public Release: 9-May-2016
Geophysical Research Letters
UCI sleuths search the seas for soot
UCI scientists have taken water samples from the north Pacific, north and south Atlantic, and Arctic oceans in search of repositories of black carbon, soot from burning biomass and diesel engines, among other sources. There is considerably less of the material than expected, and it exists in at least two varieties, a younger pool near the ocean's surface that cycles on a centennial scale and an ancient reserve that remains stable for millennia.
National Science Foundation, NSF/Chemical Oceanography Program and Arctic Research Opportunities

Contact: Brian Bell
bpbell@uci.edu
949-824-8249
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 9-May-2016
IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation
This 5-fingered robot hand learns to get a grip on its own
A University of Washington team of computer science and engineering researchers has built a robot hand that can not only perform dexterous manipulation -- one of the most difficult problems in robotics to solve -- but also learn from its own experience.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 9-May-2016
Ecology Letters
Shellfish response to ocean acidification depends on other stressors
A study of California mussels, a key species in the rocky intertidal ecosystems of the West Coast, indicates that the effects of ocean acidification will vary from place to place along the coast depending on a range of interacting factors. Researchers found that the ability of mussels to cope with more acidic conditions depends largely on how much food is available to them, and both factors vary from place to place.
National Science Foundation, University of California, Packard Foundation

Contact: Tim Stephens
stephens@ucsc.edu
831-459-4352
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 9-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
First single-enzyme method to produce quantum dots revealed
Three Lehigh University engineers have successfully demonstrated the first precisely controlled, biological way to manufacture quantum dots using a single-enzyme, paving the way for a significantly quicker, cheaper and greener production method. Their work was recently featured in an article in The New York Times called 'A curious tale of quantum dots.'
National Science Foundation under Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation-Photosynthetic Bioreactor Program

Contact: Lori Friedman
lof214@lehigh.edu
610-758-3224
Lehigh University

Public Release: 9-May-2016
IEEE RFID 2016
New techniques make RFID tags 25 percent smaller
Engineering researchers have developed a suite of techniques that allow them to create passive radio-frequency identification tags that are 25 percent smaller -- and therefore less expensive.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 9-May-2016
Nature Microbiology
Genetic potential of oil-eating bacteria from the BP oil spill decoded
Microbiologists have cracked the genetic code of how bacteria broke down oil to help clean up the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, revealing that some bacteria have far greater potential for consuming oil than was previously known. The findings have applications for responding to future oil spills.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Christine Sinatra
christine.sinatra@austin.utexas.edu
512-853-0506
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 9-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Pitt research yields insight into the mystery of smell
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have uncovered the mechanism underlying a phenomenon in how we smell that has puzzled researchers for several decades. In an article appearing online today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the team reports that, surprisingly, the mechanism follows a simple physics principle called cooperativity.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Gloria Kreps
KrepsGA@upmc.edu
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 6-May-2016
Science Advances
Study offers clues to better rainfall predictions
Seawater salinity depends largely on how much moisture is evaporated as winds sweep over the ocean. But pinpointing where the moisture rains back down is a complicated question scientists have long contended with. Scientists at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution have found a potential path to better seasonal rainfall predictions. Their study shows a clear link between higher sea surface salinity levels in the North Atlantic and increased rainfall on land in the African Sahel.
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, NASA, National Science Foundation

Contact: WHOI Media Relations
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Showing releases 76-100 out of 899.

[ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 ]

  Highlights
Science360 Science360 News Service
Sponsored by the National Science Foundation, Science360 News is an up-to-date view of breaking science news from around the world. We gather news from wherever science is happening, including directly from scientists, college and university press offices, popular and peer-reviewed journals, dozens of National Science Foundation science and engineering centers, and funding sources that include government agencies, not-for-profit organizations and private industry.
Science360 Science for Everyone
The Science360 Video Library immerses visitors in the latest wonders of science, engineering, technology and math. Each video is embeddable for use on your website, blog or social media page.
NAGC Winner - Jellyfish NSF Exclusive Special Reports
From "Understanding the Brain" to "Engineering Agriculture's Future", these in-depth, Web-based reports explore the frontiers of science and engineering.