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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 751-775 out of 862.

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Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
Cell Reports
Long non-coding RNAs can encode proteins after all
Case Western Reserve School of Medicine scientists have made an extraordinary double discovery. First, they have identified thousands of novel long non-coding ribonucleic acid transcripts. Second, they have learned that some of them defy conventional wisdom regarding lncRNA transcripts, because they actually do direct the synthesis of proteins in cells. Both of the breakthroughs are detailed in the June 12 issue of Cell Reports.
NIH, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeannette Spalding
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Rett syndrome drug shows promise in clinical trial
MIT neuroscientists report more detail on how the disease arises.
National Eye Institute, NIH, Simons Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
Nature Nanotechnology
Measuring the mass of 'massless' electrons
Graphene, a one-atom-thick carbon sheet, has taken the world of physics by storm -- in part, because its electrons behave as massless particles. Yet these electrons seem to have dual personalities.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology

Contact: Caroline Perry
Harvard University

Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
ISWC 2014: The 18th International Symposium on Wearable Computers
Wearable computing gloves can teach Braille, even if you're not paying attention
Georgia Tech researchers are using a wearable computing technology to help people learn how to read and write Braille. Those learning the skills are able to do so while concentrating on something else.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jason Maderer
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Tom Sawyer' regulatory protein initiates gene transcription in a hit-and-run mechanism
A team of genome scientists has identified a 'hit-and-run' mechanism that allows regulatory proteins in the nucleus to adopt a 'Tom Sawyer' behavior when it comes to the work of initiating gene activation.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 20-Jun-2014
Sociology of Religion
Church-going is not enough to affect job satisfaction and commitment, Baylor study finds
A congregation's beliefs about work attitudes and practices affect a churchgoer on the job -- but how much depends in part on how involved that person is in the congregation, according to a Baylor University study funded by the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Terry Goodrich
Baylor University

Public Release: 19-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Neurons get their neighbors to take out their trash
Biologists have long considered cells to function like self-cleaning ovens, chewing up and recycling their own worn out parts as needed. But a new study shows that some nerve cells found in the eye pass off their old energy-producing factories to neighboring support cells to be 'eaten.' The find, which may bear on the roots of glaucoma, also has implications for Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and other diseases that involve a buildup of 'garbage' in brain cells.
NEI, NIGMS, National Center for Research Resources, NIDA, NSF, Glaucoma Research Foundation

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 19-Jun-2014
Rice's Thomann wins CAREER grant to study photocatalysis
Rice University scientist Isabell Thomann's research encompasses chemistry, optics, electrical engineering and other areas, but a new CAREER Award from the National Science Foundation will give her the chance to focus her energies on finding new ways to use sunlight to reduce the carbon footprint of power plants.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 19-Jun-2014
Nature Protocols
Seeing the inner workings of the brain made easier by new technique from Stanford
Bio-X scientists have improved on their original technique for peering into the intact brain, making it more reliable and safer. The results could help scientists unravel the inner connections of how thoughts, memories or diseases arise.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, National Science Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Simons Foundation

Contact: Amy Adams
Stanford University

Public Release: 19-Jun-2014
UV-induced beta-endorphin production causes addiction-like symptoms in mice
A new study from Massachusetts General Hospital investigators adds important support to the theory that ultraviolet light can actually be addictive, finding that chronic UV exposure raises circulating levels of beta-endorphin in mice and that UV-habituated mice exhibit withdrawal symptoms if beta-endorphin activity is blocked.
National Institutes of Health, Melanoma Research Alliance, US-Israel Binational Science Foundation, Adelson Medical Research Foundation

Contact: Terri Ogan
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Evolution depends on rare chance events, 'molecular time travel' experiments show
While historians can only speculate on what might have been, a team of evolutionary biologists studying ancient proteins has turned speculation into experiment. They resurrected an ancient ancestor of an important human protein as it existed hundreds of millions of years ago and then used biochemical methods to generate and characterize a huge number of alternative histories that could have ensued from that ancient starting point.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Kevin Jiang
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Mountain Research and Development
Quest for education creating graying ghost towns at top of the world
Ethnic Tibetan communities in Nepal's highlands are rapidly shrinking as more parents send their children away for a better education and modern careers, a trend that threatens to create a region of graying ghost towns at the top of the world, according to a study that includes Dartmouth College.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Cramer
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Maybe birds can have it all: Dazzling colors and pretty songs
A study of one of the world's largest and most colorful bird families has dispelled a long-held notion, first proposed by Charles Darwin, that animals are limited in their options to evolve showiness.
National Science Foundation, National Geographic Society

Contact: Joe Schwartz
Cornell University

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Developmental Science
When it comes to numbers, culture counts
MIT study finds that in a Bolivian rainforest society, children learn to count just like in the US, but on a delayed timetable.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
NIH and NSF collaborate to accelerate biomedical research innovations into the marketplace
A collaboration between the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health will give NIH-funded researchers training to help them evaluate their scientific discoveries for commercial potential, with the aim of accelerating biomedical innovations into applied health technologies.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: NIH National Cancer Institute Office of Communications
NIH/Office of the Director

Public Release: 18-Jun-2014
Familiar yet strange: Water's 'split personality' revealed by computer model
Using computer models, Princeton University researchers found that as water freezes it takes on a sort of split personality wherein, at very cold temperatures and above a certain pressure, it may spontaneously split into two liquid forms. Finding this dual nature could lead to a better understanding of how water behaves in high-altitude clouds, which could improve the predictive ability of current weather and climate models.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 17-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Dynamic spectroscopy duo
Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a new technique called two-dimensional electronic-vibrational spectroscopy that can be used to study the interplay between electrons and atomic nuclei during a photochemical reaction. Photochemical reactions are critical to a wide range of natural and technological phenomena, including photosynthesis, vision, nanomaterials and solar energy.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lynn Yarris
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 17-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
Strange physics turns off laser
Inspired by anomalies that arise in certain mathematical equations, researchers have demonstrated a laser system that paradoxically turns off when more power is added rather than becoming continuously brighter.
National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Vienna Science and Technology Fund, Austrian Science Fund

Contact: Steven Schultz
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 17-Jun-2014
Computers & Education
Surfing the Web in class? Bad idea
Even the smartest college students suffer academically when they use the Internet in class for non-academic purposes, finds new research by Michigan State University scholars.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Henion
Michigan State University

Public Release: 16-Jun-2014
Flagship US Arctic research facility welcomes EU scientists
Two European Union scientists won an international competition to conduct research at the United States' flagship Arctic research facility in northern Alaska during the 2014 field season. The University of Alaska Fairbanks' Institute of Arctic Biology is welcoming the scientists at the Toolik Field Station in July and August. A third EU scientist will be going to the Barrow Environmental Observatory.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Marie Thoms
University of Alaska Fairbanks

Public Release: 16-Jun-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Many bodies prompt stem cells to change
A new theory by scientists at Rice University shows a stem cell's journey to become bone, skin or other tissue is neither a simple step-by-step process nor all random.
National Science Foundation, Center for Theoretical Biological Physics

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Jun-2014
Urban Forestry and Urban Greening
Controlling ragweed pollen in Detroit: A no-mow solution for Motown?
When it comes to controlling hay fever-triggering ragweed plants on Detroit vacant lots, occasional mowing is worse than no mowing at all, and promoting reforestation might be the best solution.
Matthaei Botanical Garden, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 16-Jun-2014
Nature Communications
Researchers use virus to reveal nanopore physics
Nanopores could provide a new way to sequence DNA quickly, but the physics involved isn't well understood. That's partly because of the complexities involved in studying the random, squiggly form DNA takes in solution. Researchers from Brown have simplified matters by using a stiff, rod-like virus instead of DNA to experiment with nanopores. Their research has uncovered previously unknown dynamics in polymer-nanopore interactions.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 16-Jun-2014
Migratory birds help spread plant species across hemispheres
A new study out of the University of Connecticut demonstrates for the first time how some plants travel not just across the backyard, but as far as from Northern to Southern hemispheres on the wings of migratory birds.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Colin Poitras
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 16-Jun-2014
Nature Materials
Tugging on the 'malignant' switch
A team of Harvard researchers have identified a possible mechanism by which normal cells turn malignant in mammary epithelial tissues, the tissues frequently involved in breast cancer.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and others

Contact: Caroline Perry
Harvard University

Showing releases 751-775 out of 862.

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