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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 751-775 out of 959.

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Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Nature Microbiology
Microorganisms duke it out within algal blooms
A five-month survey finds that algal blooms encompass dozens of types of microorganisms fighting for supremacy, with the dominant species shifting on an almost daily basis.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Marine Microbiology Initiative

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Molecular Systems Biology
Engineered swarmbots rely on peers for survival
Researchers from Duke University have engineered microbes that can't run away from home. Any refugees that do quickly die without protective proteins produced by their peers. Dubbed 'swarmbots' for their ability to survive in a crowd, the system could be used as a safeguard to stop genetically modified organisms from escaping into the surrounding environment. It could also reliably program colonies of bacteria to respond to changes in their surrounding environment.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Army Research Office

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Psychological Science
Quick thinking and feeling healthy predict longer life
Suffering from chronic medical conditions and engaging in unhealthy behaviors are known risk factors for early death, but findings from a longitudinal study of over 6,000 adults suggests that certain psychological factors may be even stronger predictors of how long we'll live.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New understanding of bones could lead to stronger materials, osteoporosis treatment
Researchers at Cornell University have discovered that bone does something better than most man-made materials: it bounces back after it breaks. Cornell scientists report that cancellous bone displays unique material properties that allow it to recover shape after it breaks.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Daryl Lovell
Cornell University

Public Release: 29-Feb-2016
PLOS Genetics
Watching new species evolve in real time
Sometimes evolution proceeds much more rapidly than we might think. Genetic analysis makes it possible to detect the earliest stages of species formation. For example, a study just published in PLOS Genetics by researchers from Eawag and the University of Bern, investigating rapid speciation in threespine stickleback in and around Lake Constance, shows that a species can begin to diverge very rapidly, even when the two daughter species breed alongside one another simultaneously.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Amy Yau

Public Release: 28-Feb-2016
Network and Distributed System Security Symposium
Device 'fingerprints' could help protect power grid, other industrial systems
Researchers are using the unique electronic 'voices' produced by devices on the electrical grid to determine which signals are legitimate and which signals might be from attackers. These fingerprints could also be used to protect networked industrial control systems in oil and gas refineries, manufacturing facilities, wastewater treatment plants and other critical industrial systems.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 26-Feb-2016
Organic Electronics
Solar cells as light as a soap bubble
Ultrathin, flexible photovoltaic cells from MIT research could find many new uses.
Eni-MIT Solar Frontiers Center, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Synchronized leaf aging in the Amazon responsible for seasonal increases in photosynthesis
High-tech photography in the Amazon reveals that young leaves grow in at the same times as older ones perish, in strong contrast to temperate forests in North America or Europe, resulting in seasonal increases in photosynthesis that must be taken into account to build more accurate climate models.
National Science Foundation, NASA Terra-Aqua Science, GoAmazon Project, US Department of Energy, Brazilian State Science Foundations/Sao Paolo & Amazônas

Contact: Chelsea Whyte
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
A good night's sleep: Engineers develop technology for special needs children
A Kansas State University engineering team is using a National Science Foundation grant to help special needs children through technology that connects sleep data with daytime learning.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Tidball
Kansas State University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Psychological Science
Mastering the art of ignoring makes people more efficient
People searching for something can find it faster if they know what to look for. But new research suggests knowing what not to look for can be just as helpful.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Johns Hopkins University Science of Learning Institute

Contact: Jill Rosen
Johns Hopkins University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New trigger for self-powered mechanical movement
A new way to use the chemical reactions of certain enzymes to trigger self-powered mechanical movement has been developed by a team of researchers at Penn State University and the University of Pittsburgh. The pumps provide precise control over flow rate without the aid of an external power source and are capable of turning on in response to specific chemicals.
Charles E. Kauffman Foundation, National Science Foundation, Defense Threat Reduction Agency

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
Penn State

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
JCI Insight
Leaky lymphatics lead to obesity in mice
In the current issue of JCI Insight, Oliver and colleagues report definitive evidence linking obesity to lymphatic dysfunction in the Prox1+/- mouse model.
National Institutes of Health, Leducq Foundation Transatlantic Networks of Excellence, American Lebanese Syrian Associated Charities, Swiss National Science Foundation, European Research Council

Contact: Corinne Williams
JCI Journals

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
JCI Insight
Heart failure is associated with increased acetylation of metabolic proteins
In this month's issue of JCI Insight, Daniel Kelly of the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute and his coauthors sought to explore how post-translational modification of mitochondrial proteins involved in energy metabolism contributes to the development of heart failure.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, American Chemical Society Division of Analytical Chemistry, Society of Analytical Chemists of Pittsburgh

Contact: Corinne Williams
JCI Journals

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Louisiana Tech University professor awarded NSF CAREER grant
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded Dr. Marisa Orr, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Louisiana Tech University, a five-year, $500,000 Early Career Development (CAREER) grant to support her research in engineering education and effective student decision-making.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Guerin
Louisiana Tech University

Public Release: 25-Feb-2016
Nature Materials
Quantum dot solids: This generation's silicon wafer?
Just as the single-crystal silicon wafer forever changed the nature of communication 60 years ago, a group of Cornell researchers is hoping its work with quantum dot solids -- crystals made out of crystals -- can help usher in a new era in electronics.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Daryl Lovell
Cornell University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Nature Climate Change
Global warming will drive vast, unpredictable shift in natural wealth
Many studies have shown that critical natural resources, including fish stocks, are moving poleward as the planet warms. A new Yale-led study suggests that these biophysical changes are also reallocating global wealth in unpredictable, and potentially destabilizing, ways.
National Science Foundation, New Jersey Sea Grant, Knobloch Family Foundation, Nordforsk

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Behavioral Ecology
Bluebird's conundrum: Shack up now or hang out in mom's nest for a while?
Young male bluebirds may gain an evolutionary advantage by delaying breeding and helping out their parents' nests instead, according to new research led by Caitlin Stern of the Santa Fe Institute.
Omidyar Postdoctoral Fellowship at the Santa Fe Institute, Cornell Lab of Ornithology, National Science Foundation

Contact: John German
Santa Fe Institute

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Nature Climate Change
Study predicts salt marshes will persist despite rising seas
Analysis shows traditional assessment methods overestimate salt-marsh vulnerability because they don't fully account for processes that allow for vertical and landward migration as water levels increase.
US Geological Survey Climate and Land Use Change Research and Development Program, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Malmquist
Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Predicting human evolution: Teeth tell the story
New research shows that the evolution of human teeth is much simpler than previously thought, and that we can predict the sizes of teeth missing from human and hominin fossils. The findings will be useful in interpreting new hominin fossil finds, and looking at the drivers of human evolution. As well as shedding new light on our evolutionary past, the findings will provide clues about how we may evolve into the future.
Australian Research Council, Academy of Finland, National Science Foundation, Max Planck Society, Wenner-Gren Foundation

Contact: Claire Bowers
Monash University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
Nature Climate Change
Climate change takes from the poor, gives to the rich, study finds
Fish and other important resources are moving toward the Earth's poles as the climate warms, and wealth is moving with them, according to a new paper by scientists at Rutgers, Princeton, Yale, and Arizona State universities.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Branson
Rutgers University

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
2016 Ocean Sciences Meeting
New climate model better predicts changes to ocean-carbon sink
The relationship between our future carbon dioxide emissions and future climate change depends strongly on the capacity of the ocean-carbon sink. That is a question climate scientists have so far been unable to answer. In a new paper, a research team headed by Galen McKinley, professor in the University of Wisconsin-Madison Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, describes the best modeling approach to date for arriving at an answer to this and other crucial climate questions.
NASA, National Science Foundation, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Galen McKinley
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 24-Feb-2016
One rule to grow them all
A new study by an international team including researchers from Arizona State University, combined tools from embryology, comparative anatomy and computational biology to reveal that a single embryonic rule has regulated hominin tooth size. The researchers found strong evidence that the inhibitory cascade pattern for adult molars was a direct outcome of how big their milk or 'baby' molars are.
Australian Research Council Future Fellowship, Academy of Finland, National Science Foundation, Max Planck Society, Wenner-Gren Foundation, GPSA-ASU, ASU Sigma XI, John Templeton Foundation

Contact: Julie Russ
Arizona State University

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Nature Communications
The key to mass-producing nanomaterials
A new 3-D-printed device can mass-produce nanoparticles, commonly used materials that can be difficult and expensive to manufacture.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robert Perkins
University of Southern California

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
ACS Nano
Counting molecules with an ordinary cell phone
The new visual readout method to count individual nucleic acid molecules within a sample can be performed by any cell-phone camera.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, Burroughs Wellcome Fund, National Science Foundation

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Scientific Reports
New research introduces 'pause button' for boiling
Using a focused laser beam to essentially hit the pause button on boiling, Professor Shalabh Maroo's research group and collaborators at NIST and RPI have created a single vapor bubble in a pool of liquid that can remain stable on a heated surface for hours, instead of milliseconds. This method gives researchers time to study vapor bubbles and determine ways to optimize the boiling process.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matthew Wheeler
Syracuse University

Showing releases 751-775 out of 959.

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