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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 751-775 out of 893.

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Public Release: 3-Dec-2015
Journal of American Chemical Society
A more efficient way of converting ethanol to a better alternative fuel
A research team at the University of Rochester has developed a series of reactions that results in the selective conversion of ethanol to butanol, without producing unwanted byproducts.
NSF/Center for Enabling New Technologies through Catalysis

Contact: Peter Iglinski
peter.iglinski@rochester.edu
585-273-4726
University of Rochester

Public Release: 3-Dec-2015
Nature Communications
Penn researchers make thinnest plates that can be picked up by hand
Despite being thousands of times thinner than a sheet of paper and hundreds of times thinner than household cling wrap or aluminum foil, newly developed corrugated plates of aluminum oxide spring back to their original shape after being bent and twisted.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Evan Lerner
elerner@upenn.edu
215-573-6604
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 3-Dec-2015
American Geophysical Union conference
Higher levels of Fukushima cesium detected offshore
Scientists monitoring the spread of radiation in the ocean from the Fukushima nuclear accident report finding an increased number of contaminated sites off the US West Coast, along with the highest detection level to date, from a sample collected about 1,600 miles west of San Francisco. The level of cesium in the sample is 50 percent higher than other samples collected, but is still more than 500 times lower than US government safety limits.
National Science Foundation, crowd funding

Contact: WHOI Media Office
media@whoi.edu
508-289-3340
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution

Public Release: 3-Dec-2015
Water International
It takes a village -- and much more -- to quench megacity water demands
scientists at Michigan State University propose a novel way to begin understanding what happens to the globe when large cities -- think Beijing, Los Angeles, Sao Paulo -- reach far to get the water they need.
National Science Foundation, NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowship Program

Contact: Sue Nichols
nichols@msu.edu
517-432-0206
Michigan State University

Public Release: 3-Dec-2015
EPJ D
Minutest absolute magnetic field measurement
Every measurement is potentially prone to systematic error. The more sensitive the measurement method, the more important it is to make sure it is also accurate. This is key for example in measuring magnetic fields in physics experiments. Now, an international team of physicists has developed an extremely high-precision method for the determination of magnetic fields. The findings by Hans-Christian Koch from the University of Fribourg, Switzerland, and colleagues are published in EPJ D.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Sabine Lehr
sabine.lehr@springer.com
0049-622-148-78336
Springer

Public Release: 3-Dec-2015
Science
Event Horizon Telescope reveals magnetic fields at Milky Way's central black hole
For the first time, astronomers have detected magnetic fields just outside the event horizon of the black hole at the center of our Milky Way galaxy.
National Science Foundation, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Christine Pulliam
cpulliam@cfa.harvard.edu
617-495-7463
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Public Release: 3-Dec-2015
Science
VLA yields new insights on solar flares
Observations with the upgraded VLA radio telescope provide strong support for a proposed mechanism by which solar flares accelerate particles to nearly the speed of light.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
dfinley@nrao.edu
575-835-7302
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 2-Dec-2015
Lab on a Chip
A cheap, disposable device for diagnosing disease
The development of a reusable microfluidic device for sorting and manipulating cells and other micro/nano meter scale objects will make biomedical diagnosis of diseases cheaper and more convenient in regions where medical facilities are sparse or cost is prohibitive. Researchers at Penn State have recently filed a patent to develop such a device.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 2-Dec-2015
Topics in Cognitive Science
Climate-change foes winning public opinion war
As world leaders meet this week and next at a historic climate change summit in Paris, a new study by Michigan State University environmental scientists suggests opponents of climate change appear to be winning the war of words.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Henion
henion@msu.edu
517-355-3294
Michigan State University

Public Release: 2-Dec-2015
Paris Climate Change Conference (COP21)
Global food system faces multiple threats from climate change
A new international report warns that climate change will likely have far-reaching impacts on food security worldwide, especially for the poor and those in tropical regions. The report, issued today at the Paris climate talks, finds that warmer temperatures and altered precipitation patterns can affect food production, transportation, and safety.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: David Hosansky
hosansky@ucar.edu
303-497-8611
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 2-Dec-2015
Environmental Science & Technology
Carbon capture analyst: 'Coal should stay in the ground'
Serious flaws have been found in a decade's worth of studies about the best way to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and stabilize the climate.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
734-647-7087
University of Michigan

Public Release: 2-Dec-2015
Nature
Research team finds detailed record of mysterious fast radio burst
By poring over 650 hours of archival data from the National Science Foundation's Green Bank Telescope, a team of astronomers, including Carnegie Mellon University's Jeffrey Peterson and Hsiu-Hsien Lin, has uncovered the most detailed record ever of a Fast Radio Burst. The group's research indicates that the burst originated inside a highly magnetized region of space, possibly linking it to a recent supernova or the interior of an active star-forming nebula.
National Science Foundation, Ministry of Science and Technology of China

Contact: Jocelyn Duffy
jhduffy@andrew.cmu.edu
412-268-9982
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 2-Dec-2015
EPJ B
Conductor turned insulator amid disorder
Some materials that are inherently disordered display unusual conductivity, sometimes behaving like insulators and sometimes like conductors. Physicists have now analysed the conductivity in a special class of disordered materials. Martin Puschmann from the Technical University Chemnitz, Germany, and colleagues have demonstrated that electrons in the materials studied display a multifractal spatial structure at the transition between conductive and insulating behaviour. These findings have just been published by in EPJ B.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sabine Lehr
sabine.lehr@springer.com
0049-622-148-78336
Springer

Public Release: 2-Dec-2015
Science China Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy
Fermi-type acceleration of interstellar ions driven by high-energy lepton plasma flows
The origin of high-energy cosmic-rays from a wide variety of high energy astrophysical sources is a fundamental problem in astrophysics and has been attracting significant interest for over six decades. Many analytical or numerical models have been proposed in order to figure out physical conditions for the well-known Fermi acceleration mechanisms to occur. Now researchers have identified a simple case when the two Fermi acceleration mechanisms develop sequentially based upon large scale numerical simulations.
National Basic Research Program of China, National Science Foundation of China

Contact: Sheng Zhengming
zmsheng@sjtu.edu.cn
Science China Press

Public Release: 2-Dec-2015
Nature
Fast radio burst hints at its source
Scientists have detected a burst of radio waves from six billion light years away, one of a handful they've discovered in the past decade -- and this time they have clues about its source.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lindsay Jolivet
lindsay.jolivet@cifar.ca
416-971-4876
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research

Public Release: 2-Dec-2015
Nature Communications
Liquid metal 'nano-terminators' target cancer cells
Researchers have developed a new drug delivery technique that uses a biodegradable liquid metal to target cancer cells. The liquid metal drug delivery method promises to boost the effect of cancer drugs.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2015
Extreme Solar Systems III
Astrophysical Journal
Exiled exoplanet likely kicked out of star's neighborhood
The Gemini Planet Imager and the Hubble Space Telescope have revealed details of an unusual exoplanet and its star that suggest the planetary system underwent a violent episode in its early history that ejected the planet to a distance equivalent to 16 times the Earth-Pluto distance and roiled the comet belt closer to the star. This resembles what many people think happened in our solar system's past.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-915-3097
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 1-Dec-2015
PLOS ONE
UW roboticists learn to teach robots from babies
A collaboration between University of Washington developmental psychologists and computer scientists has demonstrated that robots can 'learn' much like babies -- by experiencing the world and eventually imitating humans.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, Intel

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 1-Dec-2015
Nature Nanotechnology
Nano-walkers take speedy leap forward with first rolling DNA-based motor
Physical chemists have devised a rolling DNA-based motor that's 1,000 times faster than any other synthetic DNA motor, giving it potential for real-world applications, such as disease diagnostics.
National Institutes of Health, Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship, Camille-Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award, National Science Foundation CAREER Award

Contact: Carol Clark
carol.clark@emory.edu
404-727-0501
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 1-Dec-2015
Scientific Reports
Photonic 'sintering' may create new solar, electronics manufacturing technologies
Engineers have made a fundamental breakthrough in understanding the physics of photonic 'sintering,' which could lead to many new advances in solar cells, flexible electronics, various types of sensors and other high-tech products printed onto something as simple as a sheet of paper or plastic.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Rajiv Malhotra
Rajiv.malhotra@oregonstate.edu
Oregon State University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2015
Photonics workforce development study focuses on Rochester, N.Y.
A wide ranging study of current practices in the photonics and optics industry will help educators better understand how to prepare students for job opportunities in that burgeoning field. Researchers at Rochester Institute of Technology are using a $400,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to study workplace trends in a field that encompasses science, technology, engineering and mathematics or STEM disciplines.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gawlowicz
smguns@rit.edu
585-475-5061
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Dec-2015
Journal of Proteome Research
Researchers confirm original blood vessels in 80 million-year-old fossil
Researchers from North Carolina State University have confirmed that blood vessel-like structures found in an 80 million-year-old hadrosaur fossil are original to the animal, and not biofilm or other contaminants.
National Science Foundation, David and Lucille Packard Foundation

Contact: Tracey Peake
tracey_peake@ncsu.edu
919-515-6142
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2015
Chemistry - A European Journal
IU chemists craft molecule that self-assembles into flower-shaped crystalline patterns
The National Science Foundation has awarded $1.2 million to three research groups at Indiana University to advance research on self-assembling molecules and computer-aided design software required to create the next generation of solar cells, circuits, sensors and other technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2015
Computer system will be an angel on your shoulder, whispering advice, instruction
Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University are building a computer system called Gabriel that, like the angel that is its namesake, will seemingly look over a person's shoulder and whisper instructions for tasks as varied as repairing industrial equipment, resuscitating a patient or assembling IKEA furniture. The National Science Foundation has awarded CMU a four-year, $2.8 million grant to further develop the wearable cognitive assistance system.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2015
Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Trap-jaw ants exhibit previously unseen jumping behavior
A species of trap-jaw ant has been found to exhibit a previously unseen jumping behavior, using its legs rather than its powerful jaws. The discovery makes this species, Odontomachus rixosus, the only species of ant that can jump with either its legs or its mandibles.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Showing releases 751-775 out of 893.

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