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  News From the National Science Foundation
The National Science Foundation (NSF) — For more information about NSF and its programs, visit www.nsf.gov

NSF Funded News

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 751-775 out of 943.

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Public Release: 21-Sep-2015
Nature Materials
Proteins assemble and disassemble on command
Scientists have deciphered the genetic code that instructs proteins to either self-assemble or disassemble in response to environmental stimuli, such as changes in temperature, salinity or acidity. The discovery provides a new platform for drug delivery systems and an entirely different view of cellular functions.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Tree of life' for 2.3 million species released; U-M plays key role in project
A first draft of the 'tree of life' for the roughly 2.3 million named species of animals, plants, fungi and microbes has been released, and two University of Michigan biologists played a key role in its creation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
University of Michigan

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Tree of life' for 2.3 million species released
A first draft of the tree of life for all 2.3 million named species of animals, plants, fungi and microbes has been released. Thousands of smaller trees have been published over the years for select branches, but this is the first time those results have been combined into a single tree. The end result is a digital resource that is available online for anyone to use or edit, much like a 'Wikipedia' for evolutionary relationships.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Karl Bates
Karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
IU psychologist leads $700,000 NSF grant to create machines that think like toddlers
An IU cognitive scientist and collaborators will lead a study to create of machines that recognize objects with the same ease as children as well as lead to new, more sophisticated digital object-recognition technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin D. Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Improving collaboration between Native Americans and climate scientists
Hoping to improve Native American tribes' access to climate science tools, a Michigan State University researcher will use a four-year $450,000 National Science Foundation grant to foster better relations between tribes and scientific organizations when dealing with climate change.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kristen Parker
kristen.parker@cabs.msu.edu
517-353-8942
Michigan State University

Public Release: 18-Sep-2015
Scientific Reports
Harvesting clues to GMO dilemmas from China's soybean fields
China's struggle -- mirrored across the globe -- to balance public concern over the safety of genetically modified crops with a swelling demand for affordable food crops has left a disconnect: In China's case, shrinking fields of domestic soybean -- by law non-GM -- and massive imports of cheaper soybeans that are the very GM crop consumers profess to shun.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sue Nichols
nichols@msu.edu
517-432-0206
Michigan State University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
UTA computer scientist to develop software engineering methods that ensure good upgrades
Taylor T. Johnson, an assistant professor in the Computer Science and Engineering Department, will use a $174,634 grant from the National Science Foundation to develop novel software engineering methods that will enable safe upgrades of cyber-physical systems in the energy domain.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Northwestern receives $5 million for nanoscale research
Northwestern University has received a five-year, $5 million grant from the National Science Foundation to establish, in collaboration with the University of Chicago, a new national resource that provides academic, small business and industry researchers access to cutting-edge nanotechnology facilities and expertise. The Soft and Hybrid Nanotechnology Experimental Resource enables the hybridization of soft (biological) nanostructures with rigid nanoparticles, for applications such as microfluidic modules for bio-sensors and synthetic scaffolds for tissue regeneration, among others.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Dynamic braces for kids with scoliosis now in development
A team led by Sunil Agrawal, professor of mechanical engineering and of rehabilitation and regenerative medicine at Columbia Engineering, has won a $1 million grant from the NSF's National Robotics Initiative to develop a dynamic spine brace that is more flexible than the rigid braces now in use for treatment of scoliosis.
National Science Foundation's National Robotics Initiative

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
347-453-7408
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Push to dramatically broaden access to nanotech equipment in the Triangle
The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC State and Duke are launching a partnership to dramatically broaden access to nanotechnology facilities and expertise to faculty, students, businesses and educators across the Triangle and nationwide. The goal is to encourage both traditional and non-traditional users of these highly specialized and expensive pieces of equipment across the three universities in order to mix ideas and push the limits of innovation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Thania Benios
thania_benios@unc.edu
919-962-8596
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Physical Review X
Network control: Letting noise lead the way
Northwestern University researchers leverage randomness in a new computational approach to keep cells healthy.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
Pre-reptile may be earliest known to walk upright on all fours
Wandering an arid region of the ancient supercontinent of Pangea about 260-million years ago, the pre-reptile Bunostegos akokanensis is the oldest known creature to have walked upright on all fours, according to a newly published study.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Orenstein
david_orenstein@brown.edu
401-863-1862
Brown University

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Science
Physicists defy conventional wisdom to identify ferroelectric material
In a discovery that could open new pathways to find new materials for nanotechnology devices, physicists at the University of Wisconsin and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln found ferroelectricity could be induced in a thin sheet of strontium titanate. The material ordinarily is not ferroelectric. The finding contradicts conventional wisdom that materials lose ferroelectricity as they are made thinner.
National Science Foundation, NSF/Designing Materials to Revolutionize and Engineer our Future Program

Contact: Alexei Gruverman
alexei-gruverman@unl.edu
402-472-4788
University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Public Release: 17-Sep-2015
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Birds that eat at feeders more likely to get sick, spread disease
The authors monitored the social and foraging behaviors of wild flocks of house finches, a common backyard songbird, and the spread of a naturally-occurring bird disease called Mycoplasmal conjunctivitis, which is similar to 'pink eye' in humans but cannot be contracted by humans.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lindsay Key
ltkey@vt.edu
540-231-6594
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 16-Sep-2015
Workforce report released summarizing the Geoscience Career Master's Preparation Survey
The results of a survey have been published in a report assessing the academic experiences of Master's candidates against the skill sets identified as valuable for non-academic working professionals.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Heather R. Houlton
hrh@americangeosciences.org
703-379-2480
American Geosciences Institute

Public Release: 16-Sep-2015
Nanotech expertise earns Virginia Tech a spot in National Science Foundation network
The award, which carries $2.5 million in funding for five years and is renewable for a second five-year period, will establish the Virginia Tech National Center for Earth and Environmental Nanotechnology Infrastructure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Eleanor Nelsen
enelsen@vt.edu
540-231-2761
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 16-Sep-2015
Cornell nanotech facility receives $8 million NSF grant
The National Science Foundation has selected the Cornell NanoScale Science and Technology Facility to be part of the newly established National Nanotechnology Coordinated Infrastructure. Cornell will receive $8 million from the federal agency over five years.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Melissa Osgood
mmo59@cornell.edu
607-255-2059
Cornell University

Public Release: 16-Sep-2015
UW labs win $4.5 million NSF nanotechnology infrastructure grant
The University of Washington and Oregon State University have won a $4.5 million, five-year grant from the National Science Foundation to advance nanoscale science, engineering and technology research in the Pacific Northwest and support a new network of user sites across the country.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jennifer Langston
jlangst@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 16-Sep-2015
ESA receives NSF award to seed new Network for Next Generation Careers
The Ecological Society of America, in partnership with the Society for Conservation Biology, will create a new network of prospective employers, faculty and professional societies over the next eighteen months with a $48,000 grant from the National Science Foundation. The Next Generation Careers - Innovation in Environmental Biology Education incubator project will explore undergraduate college career progression into environmental biology, including fields such as ecology, evolution, conservation, and natural resource management.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Alison Mize
alison@esa.org
202-833-8773 x205
Ecological Society of America

Public Release: 16-Sep-2015
Nature
Gene editing study reveals possible 'Achilles heel' of sickle cell disease
Researchers from Dana-Farber/Boston Children's Cancer and Blood Disorders Center, using CRISPR-based gene-editing tools, have found that changes to a small stretch of DNA may circumvent the genetic defect behind sickle cell disease (SCD). The discovery, published in the journal Nature, creates a path for developing gene editing approaches for treating SCD and other hemoglobin disorders, such as thalassemia.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, National Science Foundation and others

Contact: Irene Sege
irene.sege@childrens.harvard.edu
617-919-3110
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 16-Sep-2015
Nature
New support for converging black holes in Virgo constellation
In a new study in Nature, astronomers at Columbia University provide additional evidence that a pair of closely orbiting black holes deep in the Virgo constellation is causing the rhythmic flashes of light coming from quasar PG 1302-102. Based on calculations of the pair's mass -- together, and relative to each other -- the researchers go on to predict a smashup 100,000 years from now, far sooner than previously predicted.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Kim Martineau
klm32@columbia.edu
646-717-0134
Columbia University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2015
UT Arlington research will lead to more efficient computer modeling
A group of UT Arlington engineers hopes to create a more rigorous, yet intuitive, design approach and eliminate the need to repeatedly rebuild models.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Herb Booth
hbooth@uta.edu
817-272-7075
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 15-Sep-2015
Link between Alzheimer's and type 2 diabetes could lead to new treatment
Could a new treatment for Alzheimer's be found by studying type 2 diabetes? Dr. Jie Zheng and his team believe they have found a link that could lead to a single drug that treats both diseases.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lisa Craig
lmc91@uakron.edu
330-972-7429
University of Akron

Public Release: 15-Sep-2015
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Young chum salmon may get biggest nutrition boost from Elliott Bay restored beaches
University of Washington researchers have found the types of organisms in Seattle's Elliott Bay change depending on the shoreline nearby, either armored or restored beaches. Young chum salmon adjusted their diets based on these changes.
National Science Foundation, Seattle Department of Transportation

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 15-Sep-2015
Biologists parse evolutionary 'arms race' between insects, predators and plants
Many scientists believe the very same dynamics that have shaped conflict between nations since the early 20th century also may govern how species evolve on Earth. Now, a University of Kansas researcher is studying how these questions from the 'arms-race' model of defenses are demonstrated among leaf beetles.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
brendan@ku.edu
785-864-8855
University of Kansas

Showing releases 751-775 out of 943.

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