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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 776-800 out of 867.

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Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
High school students discover stars at SMU research program
Two Dallas high school students discovered five stars as members of a Southern Methodist University summer physics research program, QuarkNet, which enabled them to analyze data gleaned from a high-powered telescope in Los Alamos, N.M. Their discoveries have been accepted into the American Association of Variable Star Observers International Variable Star Index. QuarkNet is a physics teacher development program funded by the National Science Foundation and the US Department of Energy.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, CERN, Fermilab

Contact: Nancy George
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Annual Meeting of the American Bar Association
Many solve civil justice problems on their own, rarely involving attorneys, says study
Many of life's problems are also civil legal problems, but people don't see them that way. As a result, they often deal with them on their own, and rarely involve lawyers or courts, or even other third parties -- and it's rarely because of cost. Those were among the findings in a recent report by Rebecca Sandefur, a University of Illinois professor of sociology and of law, based on an extensive survey in a Midwestern city.
American Bar Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Craig Chamberlain
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
New CloudLab will help researchers test new cloud architectures
A $10 million National Science Foundation grant to create CloudLab will be distributed to partner institutions in addition to University of Massachusetts Amherst, including the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Clemson University, Raytheon BBN Technologies and US Ignite. CloudLab will consist of 5,000 linked cores, or computers, that will be free for research and classroom use and should be up and running by spring 2015.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Journal of Membrane Science
The power of salt
An MIT study investigates power generation from the meeting of river water and seawater.
King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals through the Center for Clean Water and Clean Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
The internet was delivered to the masses; parallel computing is not far behind
The groundwork for Virginia Tech's Wu Feng's big data research in a 'cloud' began in the mid-2000s with a multi-institutional effort to identify missing gene annotations in genomes. Today, this work is being formalized and extended as part of an National Science Foundation/Microsoft Computing in the Cloud grant that seeks to commoditize biocomputing in the cloud.
National Science Foundation, Microsoft, National Institutes of Health, US Air Force

Contact: Lynn Nystrom
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
USENIX Security Symposium
New framework would facilitate use of new Android security modules
Computer security researchers have developed a modification to the core Android operating system that allows developers and users to plug in new security enhancements. The new Android Security Modules framework aims to eliminate the bottleneck that prevents developers and users from taking advantage of new security tools.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Journal of Visualized Experiments
Research paves way for development of cyborg moth 'biobots'
Researchers have developed methods for electronically manipulating the flight muscles of moths and for monitoring the electrical signals moths use to control those muscles. The work opens the door to the development of remotely-controlled moths, or 'biobots,' for use in emergency response.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
New research shows seals and sea lions likely spread tuberculosis to humans
Scientists who study tuberculosis have long debated its origins. New research shows that tuberculosis likely spread from humans in Africa to seals and sea lions that brought the disease to South America and transmitted it to Native people there before Europeans landed on the continent.
National Science Foundation, European Research Council, Smithsonian Institution, Swiss National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Wenner-Gren Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Julie Newberg
Arizona State University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
University of Tennessee research uncovers subglacial life beneath Antarctic ice sheet
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, research finds life can persist in a cold, dark world. A University of Tennessee microbiology assistant professor was part of a team that examined waters and sediments from a shallow lake deep beneath the Antarctic ice sheet and found the extreme environment supports microbial ecosystems.
National Science Foundation, NASA, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Whitney Heins
University of Tennessee at Knoxville

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Seafood substitutions can expose consumers to unexpectedly high mercury
New measurements from fish purchased at retail seafood counters in 10 different states show the extent to which mislabeling can expose consumers to unexpectedly high levels of mercury, a harmful pollutant. Fishery stock 'substitutions' -- which falsely present a fish of the same species, but from a different geographic origin -- are the most dangerous mislabeling offense, according to new research by University of Hawaii at Manoa scientists.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Talia S Ogliore
University of Hawaii at Manoa

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Philippine tarsier gets boost from Kansas research, and genetic proof of a new variety
The tarsier is the 'flagship' iconic species for promoting environmental stewardship and ecotourism in the Philippines, a nation suffering from large-scale destruction of natural habitat.
National Geographic Society, National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Environmental Science & Technology
Exporting US coal to Asia could drop emissions 21 percent
Under the right scenario, exporting US coal to power plants in South Korea could lead to a 21 percent drop in greenhouse gas emissions compared to burning it at less energy-efficient US plants. Other emissions, including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide and particulate matter, could also drop. But this success, Duke researchers say, depends on which fuel source the coal replaces in South Korea, and which fuel is used to replace it in the US.
Center for Climate and Energy Decision Making, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
International Journal of Climatology
UM research improves temperature modeling across mountainous landscapes
New research by University of Montana doctoral student Jared Oyler provides improved computer models for estimating temperature across mountainous landscapes.
USGeological Survey North Central Climate Science Center, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jared Oyler
The University of Montana

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Trees and shrubs invading critical grasslands, diminish cattle production
Half of the Earth's land mass is made up of rangelands, which include grasslands and savannas, yet they are being transformed at an alarming rate. Woody plants, such as trees and shrubs, are taking over, leading to a loss of critical habitat and causing a drastic change in the ability of ecosystems to produce food -- specifically meat. Researchers with Arizona State University have quantified this loss. Findings appear in today's issue of PNAS.
National Academies Keck Futures Initiative, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sandra Leander
Arizona State University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Taking the pulse of aging
In an effort to identify how the elasticity of the arteries in the brain correlates with aging well, researchers at the Beckman Institute used optical methods developed in their lab to map out the pulse pressure of the entire brain's cortex.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, National Science Foundation

Contact: August Cassens
Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
ACM Special Interest Group on Accessible Computing
StopInfo for OneBusAway app makes buses more usable for blind riders
A University of Washington study found that StopInfo, a new hub for bus stop information in the OneBusAway app, is helpful for blind riders and can promote spontaneous and unfamiliar travel. A University of Washington research team launched the program recently in collaboration with King County Metro.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michelle Ma
University of Washington

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Oregon team to study impacts of climate change on pesky forest insect
The mountain pine beetle is a pest, infesting and killing entire swaths of forest during outbreaks. Now, armed with National Science Foundation support, a University of Oregon-led team will study the impacts of climate change and forest-management practices with computing tools to help better forge responses to these epidemics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lewis Taylor
University of Oregon

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Nature Climate Change
No one-size-fits-all approach in a changing climate, changing land
As climate change alters habitats for birds and bees and everything in between, so too does the way humans decide to use land. Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Aarhus University in Denmark have, for the first time, found a way to determine the potential combined impacts of both climate and land-use change on plants, animals and ecosystems across the country.
Bryson Climate, People and Environment Program, European Research Council, National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Jack Williams
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
MU initiative receives $500,000 NSF grant to augment public science education and outreach
The National Science Foundation has awarded a $500,000 grant to fund a five-year, multi-institutional initiative designed to encourage education and outreach efforts that communicate the value of taxpayers' investment in federal scientific research. 'The Broader Impacts and Outreach Network for Institutional Collaboration' program, led by the University of Missouri, will bring together professionals who help scientists convey the importance of their research to society.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Multimillion-dollar grant helps researchers shed light on ultrafast dynamics
Kansas State University physicists and computer scientists are involved in a multi-university project that has been funded with a $6 million grant from the National Science Foundation's Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research, or EPSCoR.
National Science Foundation's Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research

Contact: Itzik Ben-Itzhak
Kansas State University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Psychological Science
Visual 'gist' helps us figure out where a crowd is looking
Have you ever seen a crowd of people looking off into the distance, perhaps toward a passing biker or up to the top of a building? You probably looked there, too, instantly, even without paying attention to the individuals in the group. Researchers have discovered that we rely on a specialized visual process known as 'ensemble coding' to perceive where a crowd is looking.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Older coral species more hardy, UT Arlington biologists say
An examination of disease patterns in 14 species of Caribbean corals facing stressors like climate change and pollution shows older species are faring better. The newly-published research could give clues about what coral reefs will look like in the future.
National Science Foundation, NOAA

Contact: Traci Peterson
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 17-Aug-2014
Nature Methods
A shift in the code: New method reveals hidden genetic landscape
With three billion letters in the human genome, it seems hard to believe that adding or removing a base could have much of an effect on our health. Yet, such insertions and deletions can dramatically alter biological function. It is has been difficult to detect these mutations. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory scientists have devised a new way to analyze genome sequences that pinpoints insertions and deletions in people with diseases such as autism, obsessive compulsive disorder, and Tourette syndrome.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Stanley Institute for Cognitive Genomics, Simons Foundation

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 15-Aug-2014
Journal of Experimental Biology
Bats bolster brain hypothesis, maybe technology, too
Decades of research on how bats use echolocation to keep a focus on their targets not only lends support to a long debated neuroscience hypothesis about vision but also could lead to smarter sonar and radar technologies.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, NASA, Brown Institute for Brain Science

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 14-Aug-2014
American Journal of Botany
Make your mobile device live up to its true potential -- as a data collection tool
Researchers at the University of California, Davis, have developed Easy Leaf Area, a free software that calculates leaf surface area from digital images. Leaf measurements are often critical in plant physiological and ecological studies, but traditional methods have been time consuming and sometimes destructive to plant samples. Easy Leaf Area -- described in a recent issue of Applications in Plant Sciences -- allows users to accurately measure leaf area from digital images in seconds.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Parada
Botanical Society of America

Showing releases 776-800 out of 867.

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