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  News From the National Science Foundation
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Showing releases 776-800 out of 804.

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Public Release: 4-Dec-2014
Greenhouse gases linked to past African rainfall
New research, led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research, demonstrates for the first time that an increase in greenhouse gas concentrations thousands of years ago was a key factor in causing substantially more rainfall in two major regions of Africa. The finding provides new evidence that the current increase in greenhouse gases will have an important impact on Africa's future climate.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: David Hosansky
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 4-Dec-2014
IU collaboration to develop computational model of acetaminophen-induced liver failure
Three Indiana University professors have received $2.1 million to develop a computational model of acetaminophen-induced liver failure -- the leading cause of liver failure in the United States -- by using advanced microscopic and computational technologies that allow scientists to see into the liver of a living animal.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Food and Drug Administration, National Aeronautical and Space Administration, Department of Defense and the Department of Energy

Contact: Steve Chaplin
Indiana University

Public Release: 4-Dec-2014
Electric eels deliver Taser-like shocks
A Vanderbilt biologist has determined that electric eels possess an electroshock system uncannily similar to a Taser.
National Science Foundation, National Academy of Sciences, Guggenheim Foundation

Contact: David Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 4-Dec-2014
Greenhouse gases linked to African rainfall
Scientists may have solved a long-standing enigma known as the African Humid Period -- an intense increase in cumulative rainfall in parts of Africa that began after a long dry spell following the end of the last ice age and lasting nearly 10,000 years. It has been linked to greenhouse gas concentrations.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Peter Clark
Oregon State University

Public Release: 4-Dec-2014
Nature Communications
Localized climate change contributed to ancient southwest depopulation
Washington State University researchers have detailed the role of localized climate change in one of the great mysteries of North American archaeology: the depopulation of southwest Colorado by ancestral Pueblo people in the late 1200s. In the process, they address one of the mysteries of modern-day climate change: How will humans react?
National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, National Science Foundation, School of Advanced Research

Contact: Kyle Bocinsky
Washington State University

Public Release: 4-Dec-2014
Wireless brain sensor could unchain neuroscience from cables
Neuroscience research has been constrained by the cables required to connect brain sensors to computers for analysis. In the journal Neuron, scientists in a collaboration led by Brown University describe a wireless brain-sensing system to acquire high-fidelity neural data during animal behavior experiments.
National institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, European Union

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 3-Dec-2014
Researchers get a rabbit's-eye view
Researchers are using innovative imaging techniques to map the properties of vegetation that influence how and when animals use cover from the elements and predators. Their data could help dictate land management decisions and restoration of the landscape.
National Science Foundation, Idaho National Laboratory

Contact: Peter Olsoy
Washington State University

Public Release: 3-Dec-2014
Small drains mean big problems at 'baby beaches'
High fecal counts frequently detected at so-called 'baby beaches' may not be diaper-related. UC Irvine researchers found that during summer months, small drainpipes emptying into enclosed ocean bays have a disproportionate impact on calmer waters. The findings were published Tuesday in the journal Environmental Science & Technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Wilson
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 3-Dec-2014
Tinkering with the Tao of pandas
Good news on the panda front: Turns out they're not quite as delicate -- and picky -- as thought.
National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Sue Nichols
Michigan State University

Public Release: 3-Dec-2014
Biology Letters
Geckos are sticky without effort
Scientists have studied a variety of features in geckos such as the adhesive toe pads on the underside of the feet with which geckos attach to surfaces with remarkable strength. UC Riverside biologists have now conducted experiments in the lab on live and dead geckos that show, for the first time, that dead geckos can adhere to surfaces with the same strength as living geckos. The research could have applications in the field of robotics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 3-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Parasites and the evolution of primate culture
Learning from others and innovation have undoubtedly helped advance civilization. But these behaviors can carry costs as well as benefits. And a new study by an international team of evolutionary biologists sheds light on how one particular cost -- increased exposure to parasites -- may affect cultural evolution in non-human primates.
National Science Foundation, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research

Contact: Chris Chipello
McGill University

Public Release: 3-Dec-2014
Energy & Environmental Science
Bioplastic -- greener than ever
Polylactic acid is a degradable plastic used mostly for packaging. To meet the rising demand, ETH researchers have developed an eco-friendly process to make large amounts of lactic acid from glycerol, a waste by-product in the production of biodiesel.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Javier Pérez-Ramírez
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 3-Dec-2014
Nature Communications
Computer model enables design of complex DNA shapes
MIT biological engineers have created a new computer model that allows them to design the most complex three-dimensional DNA shapes ever produced, including rings, bowls, and geometric structures such as icosahedrons that resemble viral particles.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 2-Dec-2014
Environmental Politics
UNH research: On environment, Republicans closer to Independents than Tea Party
Environmentalists dispirited by the Republicans' dominance of the recent midterm elections can take heart: non-Tea Party Republicans' views on science and environmental issues are closer to those of Independents than to Tea Party supporters. That's the primary finding of new research by University of New Hampshire sociologists, published this week in the journal Environmental Politics.
National Science Foundation, Carsey School of Public Policy, UNH Sustainability Institute

Contact: Beth Potier
University of New Hampshire

Public Release: 2-Dec-2014
The Professional Geographer
Fighting air pollution in China with social media
The serious air pollution problem in China has attracted the attention of online activists who want the government to take action, but their advocacy has had only limited success, a new study has revealed.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Daniel Sui
Ohio State University

Public Release: 2-Dec-2014
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Strange galaxy perplexes astronomers
With the help of citizen scientists, astronomers have found an important new example of a very rare type of galaxy that may provide valuable insight on galaxy evolution in the early Universe.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 2-Dec-2014
New Phytologist
Turn back the molecular clock, say Argentina's plant fossils
Molecular clocks -- based on changes in genetic material -- indicate much younger ages for a wide variety of plants found as fossils in southern Argentina than do the solid, geologic dates of those fossils, according to geoscientists who surveyed recent paleobotanical discoveries in Patagonia.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 2-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Study of deadly bat disease finds surprising seasonal pattern of infections
The deadly fungal disease known as white-nose syndrome has spread to bat colonies throughout eastern North America over the past seven years, causing bat populations to crash, with several species now at risk of extinction. The devastating impact of this disease is due in part to the seasonal dynamics of infection and transmission, according to a new study led by scientists at UC Santa Cruz.
National Science Foundation, Bat Conservation International, National Geographic Society

Contact: Tim Stephens
University of California - Santa Cruz

Public Release: 2-Dec-2014
Global Change Biology
Study finds insects play important role in dealing with garbage on NYC streets
In the city that never sleeps, it's easy to overlook the insects underfoot. But that doesn't mean they're not working hard. A new study shows that insects and other arthropods play a significant role in disposing of garbage on the streets of Manhattan.
National Science Foundation, US Department of the Interior

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Nature Methods
TSRI scientists create new tool for exploring cells in 3-D
Researchers can now explore viruses, bacteria and components of the human body in more detail than ever before with software developed at the Scripps Research Institute. In a study published Dec. 1 in the journal Nature Methods, the researchers demonstrated how the software, called cellPACK, can be used to model viruses such as HIV.
National Science Foundation, Autodesk, National Institutes of Health, California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, UCSF School of Pharmacy 2013 Mary Anne Koda-Kimble Seed Award for Innovation.

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Most of Earth's carbon may be hidden in the planet's inner core, new model suggests
As much as two-thirds of Earth's carbon may be hidden in the inner core, making it the planet's largest carbon reservoir, according to a new model that even its backers acknowledge is 'provocative and speculative'.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Crosby Award from the U-M ADVANCE program, U-M's Associate Professor Support Fund

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
GSA Today
UW team explores large, restless volcanic field in Chile
For seven years, an area larger than the city of Madison has been rising by 10 inches per year. That rapid rise provides a major scientific opportunity: to explore a mega-volcano before it erupts. That effort, and the hazard posed by the restless magma reservoir beneath Laguna del Maule, are described in a major research article in the December issue of GSA Today.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brad Singer
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Neuroscience 2014
Minute movements of autistic children and parents provide clue to severity of disorder
Imperceptible variations in movement patterns among individuals with autism spectrum disorder are important indicators of the severity of the disorder in children and adults, according to a report presented at the 2014 Society for Neuroscience annual meeting.
National Science Foundation, New Jersey Governor's Council for Medical Research and Treatment of Autism

Contact: Mary Hardin
Indiana University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Widely used osteoporosis drugs may prevent breast, lung and colon cancers
The most commonly used medications for osteoporosis worldwide, bisphosphonates, may also prevent certain kinds of lung, breast and colon cancers.
National Institutes of Health, Italian Space Agency, National Science Foundation of China, National Center for Advancing Translational Science/Mount Sinai School of Medicine's Clinical and Translational Science Award

Contact: Renatt Brodsky
The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine

Public Release: 1-Dec-2014
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
NYU researchers find silver lining playbook for performance
If we believe a negative trait we possess is linked to a related positive characteristic, we will be more productive in that domain, NYU researchers have found. Their study establishes a novel 'silver lining theory': negative attributes can produce positive results.
National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Showing releases 776-800 out of 804.

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