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  News From the National Science Foundation
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NSF Funded News

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Showing releases 776-800 out of 904.

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Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Failing hearts use alternative fuel for energy
Findings suggest a new approach to treat early heart failure.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Susan Gammon
Sanford-Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
UMass Amherst neuroscientist receives $599,000 grant to study brain function
Cognitive neuroscientist Rosie Cowell at UMass Amherst recently received a five-year, $599,619 NSF CAREER award to develop and test a theory of how memory interacts with fine-grained visual perception and how both brain functions depend on the medial temporal lobe, once thought to be critical for memory but not for visual perception. It has become clear that a segregated model of separate brain regions being responsible for single functions such as language or memory is not accurate.
National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development program

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Treating Parkinson's disease by solving the mysteries of movement
Two secrets of one of the brain's most enigmatic regions have finally been revealed. In a pair of studies published in Cell and Neuron, scientists from the Gladstone Institutes have discovered a specific neural circuit that controls walking, and they found that input to this circuit is disrupted in Parkinson's disease. The research reveals two potential new targets to treat movement disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Center for Research Resources, Swiss National Science Foundations, State of California

Contact: Dana Smith
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Researchers develop completely new kind of polymer
Imagine a polymer with removable parts that can deliver something to the environment and then be chemically regenerated to function again. Or a polymer that can contract and expand the way muscles do. These functions require polymers with both rigid and soft nano-sized compartments with extremely different properties. Northwestern University researchers have developed a hybrid polymer of this type that might one day be used in artificial muscles; for delivery of drugs or biomolecules; in self-repairing materials; and for replaceable energy sources.
National Science Foundation, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Microtubules, assemble!
Now, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences have observed how microtubules and motor proteins assemble into macroscopic networks. Their observation provides a better understanding of cytoskeletal self-organization in general, which may in turn lead to better drug design and new materials that can mimic cellular behaviors.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Human Frontier Science Program

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
ACS Nano
Too-few proteins prompt nanoparticles to clump
Low concentrations of serum albumin proteins have the ability to bind one-to-one to gold nanoparticles and, upon unfolding, prompt them to aggregate, according to Rice University scientists. The finding may be important to those who study diseases caused by protein aggregation or nanoparticle toxicity.
National Science Foundation, Welch Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Heavy fermions get nuclear boost on way to superconductivity
Physicists from the United States, Germany and China have made a surprising discovery that the arrangement of atomic nuclei spins helps bring about superconductivity in ytterbium dirhodium disilicide, one of the most-studied materials in a class of quantum critical compounds known as 'heavy fermions.'
German Research Foundation, Robert A. Welch Foundation, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
PLOS Computational Biology
Scientists decode brain signals nearly at speed of perception
Using electrodes implanted in the temporal lobes of awake patients, scientists have decoded brain signals at nearly the speed of perception. Further, analysis of patients' neural responses to two categories of visual stimuli -- images of faces and houses -- enabled the scientists to subsequently predict which images the patients were viewing, and when, with better than 95 percent accuracy.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration GraduateStudent Research Program, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, US Army

Contact: Rajesh Rao
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
New insights into PI3K pathway and cancer metabolism
New research led by scientists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) provides important insights into the biology that underlies glycolysis, the metabolic process that enables cancer cells to generate biomass and energy, confirming the importance of sugar to cancer survival.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Science Foundation, Stand Up 2 Cancer, Breast Cancer Research Foundation, Mary Kay Ash Foundation, Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation

Contact: Bonnie Prescott
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Jan-2016
Cell Reports
Researchers shed new light on regulation of repetitive DNA sequences
A pair of studies by a team of scientists has shed new light on the nature of a particular type of DNA sequences --tandem DNA repeat arrays -- that play important roles in transcription control, genome organization, and development.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society A
Reconfigurable origami tubes could find antenna, microfluidic uses
Origami, the ancient art of paper folding, may soon provide a foundation for antennas that can reconfigure themselves to operate at different frequencies, microfluidic devices whose properties can change in operation -- and even heating and air-conditioning ductwork that adjusts to demand.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John Toon
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
RIT faculty studies productivity and international computer tech transfer
It's hard to imagine life today without computers, but computer technology was not warmly welcomed in Germany following World War II. That's one conclusion Assistant Professor Corinna Schlombs, who teaches history in Rochester Institute of Technology's College of Liberal Arts, found while studying productivity and trans-Atlantic technology transfer and their impact following the war. Her research was made possible with a $90,000 grant from the National Science Foundation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Greg Livadas
Rochester Institute of Technology

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
Long-term study shows impact of humans on land
Humans have been working the land to sustain our lives for millennia. This has created socio-ecological systems and landscapes that are a product of both human actions and natural forces. Now researchers from Arizona State University are reporting on a 10-year project that studies the long-term effects humans have had on the land. Their research has led to some surprising reasons why communities survive or fail.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Skip Derra
Arizona State University

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
KU to train next-generation cybersecurity experts for government service
A new initiative, called CyberCorps: New Scholarship for Service Program at the University of Kansas -- Jayhawk SFS, will support dozens of undergraduate, master's and doctoral students, who following graduation from the University of Kansas commit in turn to work at government cybersecurity jobs safeguarding critical infrastructure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
NSF RAPID funding awarded to study erupting Momotombo volcano
When Nicaragua's Momotombo volcano, which had been dormant since 1905, erupted on Nov. 30, 2015, Peter LaFemina saw a chance to investigate the volcano in more detail to better understand how and when volcanos erupt. He and two other Penn State researchers -- Christelle Wauthier and Maureen Feineman, both assistant professors of geosciences -- were awarded a grant for just over $40,000 from the National Science Foundation to closely monitor the volcano.
National Science Foundation

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Nano-coating makes coaxial cables lighter
Rice University scientists use carbon nanotubes to make durable, flexible coaxial cables for aerospace applications with half the weight.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Air Force Research Laboratories, Robert A. Welch Foundation, NIST, National Science Foundation, NASA Space Technology Research Fellowship

Contact: Jeff Falk
Rice University

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
Ecology Letters
New finding shows that males can drive creation of new species
Evolutionary biologists often debate on whether sexual selection can lead to new species. Most studies have focused on natural selection or, for the few studies that considered sexual selection, on how picky females select mates and drive evolution. Researchers at Michigan State University, with the help of some stickleback fish, have shown that intense competition among males most definitely has a big say in creating new species.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Layne Cameron
Michigan State University

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
Journal of the American Statistical Association
Uncertainties in tree-ring-based climate reconstructions probed
Current approaches to reconstructing past climate by using tree-ring data need to be improved on so that they can better take uncertainty into account, new research led out of New Zealand's University of Otago suggests. Tree growth rings are commonly used as climate proxies because they can be well-dated and the width of each ring is influenced by the climatic conditions of the year it grew in.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dr Matthew Schofield
University of Otago

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
Can prison visitation reduce recidivism?
A study funded by the National Science Foundation will explore if prison visitation can help reduce recidivism rates and whether there are gender, racial, and ethnic differences in these patterns.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Beth Kuhles
Sam Houston State University

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
JAMA Psychiatry
Twenty-five-point drop in IQ caused by lack of gene copy
Even in study participants whose IQ was considered to be normal, the researchers found a substantial 25 points IQ drop induced by 16p11.2 gene deletions.
Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: William Raillant-Clark
University of Montreal

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
What a moth's nose knows
A transplantation experiment in moths shows how the brain experiences reality through the senses.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Paul Gabrielsen
University of Utah

Public Release: 27-Jan-2016
Stellar parenting: Making new stars by 'adopting' stray cosmic gases
Using observations by the Hubble Space Telescope, an international research team, including astronomers from the Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics and Northwestern University, has for the first time found young populations of stars within globular clusters that have apparently developed courtesy of star-forming gas flowing in from outside of the clusters themselves. This method stands in contrast to the conventional idea of the clusters' initial stars shedding gas as they age in order to spark future rounds of star birth.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 26-Jan-2016
ACS Synthetic Biology
UCR research advances oil production in yeast
A team led by a researcher at the University of California, Riverside has adapted the CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing system for use in a yeast strain that can produce useful lipids and polymers. The development will lead to new precursors for biofuels, specialty polymers, adhesives and fragrances.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 26-Jan-2016
Purdue innovation uses 'fingerprint' to identify foodborne pathogens
Purdue innovation that creates a "fingerprint-like pattern" to identify foodborne pathogens without using reagents has been licensed by Hettich Lab Technology. The technology is being demonstrated at the Society of Laboratory Automation and Screening Conference and Exhibition held now through Wednesday (Jan. 27, 2016) in San Diego.
US Agricultural Research Services, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Cynthia Sequin
Purdue University

Public Release: 26-Jan-2016
ACM CHI 2016: the top conference for Human-Computer Interaction
Rutgers Bitcoin study reveals false beliefs on ease of use and privacy
People who have used Bitcoin, and those who don't have any experience with it, have something in common: Both groups share misconceptions about how the controversial digital currency actually works, a Rutgers study finds.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Todd Bates
Rutgers University

Showing releases 776-800 out of 904.

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