Breast cancer patients participating in the Scandinavian Breast Cancer Mailing List were recruited to the eight-month study, which took the form of participants e-mailing each other about personal experience of breast cancer. "For example", said Ms. Hoeybye, "a newly diagnosed woman would enter the group seeking experience and advice from other women who had already undergone surgery and other treatments. It gave the women the opportunity not just to talk about the technicalities of treatment, but also to share their feelings and emotions about having cancer."
Women took the opportunity to ask each other about such questions as how to tell their children of their diagnosis, or how to cope with a daughter's fears that she might also have breast cancer. Such posts would start a wider discussion in the group, where advice of both a practical and an emotional nature could be given.
Data were produced through participant observations on-line and face-to-face interviews by Ms Hoeybye and the setting up of focus groups. Participants were also asked to keep diaries. The women said that they experienced both improved well-being and empowerment from being in the electronic group.
In Denmark 77% of the population has access to the internet, and this makes it more than just the middle-class phenomenon it is in some European countries. But it is important to extend the opportunity of using the internet both for retrieving information and for social support to people in low income groups as well, said Ms Hoeybye. " Health policymakers should think about giving priority to making the internet more widely available to all those who could benefit from it."
"Telling your own story on the internet becomes an empowerment strategy, and the mailing list is a unique room where the women can express their frustration or joy, or simply ask questions. This means a lot to them, and it is a kind of therapy. When you tell your story on the mailing list you become visible. Illness and suffering not only isolates, but makes you passive and unable to act - but when you tell your story that is a form of action, and being able to act is vital to human existence," said Ms. Hoeybye.
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