Dr Ann Wood and her colleagues at Kings College, London, reported these findings in the August issue of Environmental Microbiology. The odour-eating methylotrophic bacteria were isolated from the tongue, tooth plaques (supra-gingival plaques) and gum edge (sub-gingival plaques) of volunteers. They include strains of Bacillus, Brevibacterium casei, Hyphomicrobium sulfonivorans1, Methylobacterium, Micrococcus luteus and Variovorax paradoxus.
The composition and function of bacterial flora of the mouth have been extensively studied in the past, but until now it was not recognised that methylotrophic bacteria are part of the normal oral microbial environment or 'microflora'.
The researchers found no difference between strains of bacteria found in the mouths of healthy volunteers and those suffering from progressive gum disease (periodontitis), a condition which is often associated with smelly breath. However, no assessment was made of the levels of methylotrophic bacteria present, low levels of which may be associated with bad breath.
In a previous paper, Dr Wood et al found that the foot is also a source of methylated sulphides and strains of these odour eating bacteria, including Brevibacterium and Methylobacterium, which are also part of the normal foot microbial flora.
The results of this study will assist future investigation into the detection of the levels of methylotrophic bacteria and their possible relationship with the oral concentrations of methylated sulphides. This may lead to a natural way of reducing smelly breath and feet.
Notes to Editors:
1. An image of H. sulfonivorans is available on request from Lucy Mansfield at Blackwell Publishing Lucy.Mansfield@oxon.blackwellpublishing.com
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3. Articles details: Isolation and molecular detection of methylotrophic bacteria occurring in the human mouth Vasiliki Anesti, Ian R. McDonald, Meghna Ramaswamy, William G. Wade, Donovan P. Kelly, Ann P. Wood, Volume 7, Issue 8, Page 1227-1238, Aug 2005 Molecular detection and isolation of facultatively methylotrophic bacteria, including Methylobacterium podarium sp. nov., from the human foot microflora, Vasiliki Anesti, Jyotsna Vohra, Shalini Goonetilleka, Ian R. McDonald, Bettina Sträubler, Erko Stackebrandt, Donovan P. Kelly, Ann P. Wood, Volume 6, Issue 8, Page 820-830, Aug 2004
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5. Environmental Microbiology is published by Blackwell Publishing with the Society for Applied Microbiology. The journal is devoted to the study of microbial processes in the environment, microbial communities and microbial interactions.